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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556905

RESUMO

This study investigated variation in the keratin-associated proteins gene, KRTAP6-3, in 5 Pakistani sheep breeds/crosses using polymerase chain reaction-single strand confirmation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis. Different banding patterns were revealed, including previously described patterns and a novel pattern (named variant H). The amplified PCR product of the novel banding pattern was directly sequenced, and a synonymous nucleotide variation c.51T>C was revealed. Among the wool traits assessed, a strong correlation (r = 0.929; P < 0.001) was observed between fibre diameter standard deviation (FDSD) and coefficient of variation of fibre diameter (CVFD), between FDSD and medullation (r = 0.720; P < 0.001), between FDSD and medullation standard deviation (MeSD) (r = 0.734; P < 0.001), between MeSD and coefficient of variance of medullation (CVMed), (r = 0.903, P < 0.001), and between CVFD and medullation (r = 0.660), CVFD and MeSD (r = 0.786; P < 0.001), CVFD and CVMed (r = 0.701; P < 0.001) and medullation and MeSD (r = 0.771; P < 0.001). Variant B was found to be associated (P = 0.018) with CVFD; the presence of B being associated with a higher CVFD, than in its absence (41.08 ± 3.98 versus 36.34 ± 3.08). Variant C was associated with CVMed (P = 0.040), where sheep with C had a lower CVMed than sheep where it was absent. Variation in KRTAP6-3 was found to affect fibre diameter related traits of wool.

2.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(6)2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485962

RESUMO

Keratin-associated proteins are important components of wool fibers. The gene encoding the high-sulfur keratin-associated protein 2-1 has been described in humans, but it has not been described in sheep. A basic local alignment search tool nucleotide search of the Ovine Genome Assembly version 4.0 using a human keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene sequence revealed a 399-base pair open reading frame, which was clustered among nine previously identified keratin-associated protein genes on chromosome 11. Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism analysis revealed four different banding patterns, with these representing four different sequences (A-D) in Chinese sheep breeds. These sequences had the highest similarity to human keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene, suggesting that they represent variants of ovine keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene. Nine single nucleotide variations were detected in the gene, including one non-synonymous nucleotide substitution. Differences in variant frequencies between fine-wool sheep breeds and coarse-wool sheep breeds were detected. The gene was found to be expressed in various tissues, with the highest expression level in skin, and moderate expression levels in heart and lung tissue. These results reveal that the ovine keratin-associated protein 2-1 gene is variable and suggest the gene might affect variation in mean fiber diameter.

3.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(2)2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019077

RESUMO

Wool and hair fibres consist of a variety of proteins, including the keratin-associated proteins (KAPs). In this study, a putative ovine homologue of the human KAP21-2 gene (KRTAP21-2) was identified. It was located on chromosome 1 as a 201-bp open reading frame (ORF) in the ovine genome assembly from a Texel sheep (v.4 NC_019458.2: nt122932727 to 122932927). A polymerase chain reaction- single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis of this ORF, and subsequent DNA sequencing, identified five sequences (named A-E). The putative amino acid sequences that would be produced, shared some identity with each other and with other KAPs, but they were most similar to ovine KAP21-1, and phylogenetically related to human KAP21-2. The location of the ovine KRTAP21-2 sequence was consistent with the location of human KRTAP21-2, and this suggests they represent different variant forms of ovine KRTAP21-2. Variation in this gene was investigated in 389 Merino (sire) × Southdown-cross (ewe) lambs. These were derived from four independent sire-lines. The sequence variation was found to be associated with variation in five wool traits: including mean staple length (MSL), mean fibre diameter (MFD), fibre diameter standard deviation (FDSD), prickle factor (PF), and greasy fleece weight (GFW). The most persistent effect of KRTAP21-2 variation was with variation in MSL; with the MSL of sheep of genotype AC being 12.5% greater than those of genotype CE. A similar effect was observed from individual variant absence/presence models. This suggests that KRTAP21-2 should be further investigated as a possible gene-marker for improving MSL.

4.
J Dairy Res ; 87(2): 166-169, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948492

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to identify variation in the yak lipin-1 gene (LPIN1) and determine whether this variation affects milk traits. PCR-single stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis was used to detect variation in the 5' untranslated region of LPIN1 in 500 yaks from four populations: Tianzhu white yaks, Qinghai yaks, wild × domestic-cross yaks and Gannan yaks. Four unique PCR-SSCP patterns, representing four different DNA sequence variants (named A, B, C and D), were observed. These contained six single nucleotide polymorphisms. Female Gannan yaks with BC genotype produced milk with a higher fat content (P < 0.001) and total milk solids (P < 0.001), than those with the AA, AB and BB genotypes. These results would suggest that LPIN1 is having an effect on yak milk fat synthesis.

5.
Gene ; 740: 144400, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987910

RESUMO

Myostatin (MSTN) is a circulating factor that is secreted by muscle cells, and that acts upon those cells to inhibit the proliferation of muscle fibres during pre-natal muscle growth. The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) coupled with Single Strand Conformational Polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, was used to reveal variation in the bovine MSTN gene (MSTN) in 722 cattle from a variety of breeds farmed in New Zealand (NZ). These included Hereford, Angus, Charolais, Simmental, Red Poll, South Devon, Shorthorn, Murray Grey, cross-bred Holstein-Friesian × Jersey cattle, and other composite breeds of cattle. Sequence analysis of five regions of MSTN that encompassed coding and non-coding regions of the gene, revealed a total of twelve single-nucleotide substitutions (7 in intron 1 and 5 in a region spanning the intron 2 - exon 3 boundary), and a single nucleotide deletion. Of these 12 substitutions, five are reported here for the first time, whereas seven have been previously described. The deletion c.748-78del, was located in the intron 2 - exon 3 boundary region, and has been reported previously. No nucleotide variation was identified in exons 1, 2 and 3. A total of 18 extended haplotypes were resolved spanning two variable regions (intron 1 and the intron 2 - exon 3 boundary), some of which were common across the breeds, while others were peculiar to particular breeds. The genetic variations identified provide insight into the conserved and polymorphic nature of the coding and non-coding sequences of bovine MSTN respectively, and thus provides a baseline for further study into how variation in the gene might affect growth and carcass traits in NZ cattle.


Assuntos
Bovinos/genética , Variação Genética , Miostatina/genética , Animais , Nova Zelândia , Polimorfismo Conformacional de Fita Simples
6.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(2)2020 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31979055

RESUMO

The keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are constituents of cashmere fibers and variation in many KAP genes (KRTAPs) has been found to be associated with fiber traits. The gene encoding the high-sulphur KAP28-1 has been described in sheep, but it has not been identified in the goat genome. In this study, a 255-bp open reading frame on goat chromosome 1 was identified using a search of similar sequence to ovine KRTAP28-1, and that would if transcribed and translated encode a high sulphur KAP. Based on the analysis of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplicons for the goat nucleotide sequences in 385 Longdong cashmere goats in China, five unique banding patterns were detected using single-stranded conformational polymorphism (SSCP). These represented five DNA sequences (named variants A to E) and they had the highest resemblance to KRTAP28-1 sequences from sheep, suggesting A-E are variants of caprine KRTAP28-1. DNA sequencing revealed a 2 or 4-bp deletion and eleven nucleotide sequence differences, including four non-synonymous substitutions. Of the four common variants (A, B, C and D) found in these goats, the presence of variant A was associated with decreased mean fiber diameter and this effect appeared to be additive. These results indicate that caprine KRTAP28-1 variation might have value as a molecular marker for reducing cashmere mean fiber diameter.

7.
J Anim Sci ; 98(1)2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863114

RESUMO

The keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are structural components of wool fibers and variation in the genes encoding the KAPs can affect wool traits. In this study, sequence variation in the ovine KAP7-1 gene (KRTAP7-1) was investigated in 222 sheep across 5 different Pakistani breeds and breed crosses. Two previously identified variants (A and B) of the KRTAP7-1 coding sequence were identified. The frequency of the genotypes AA and AB was 76% and 23%, respectively, and that of BB was 1%. The association of sequence variation with various wool traits and measurements included yield (the proportion of greasy fleece weight that is clean fleece), mean staple length (MSL), wool bulk, mean fiber diameter, fiber diameter SD, the coefficient of variation of fiber diameter, medullation, the SD of medullation, the coefficient of variation of medullation, fiber opacity, the SD of opacity, and the coefficient of variation of opacity. Variation in KRTAP7-1 was found to be associated with yield (P = 0.017). The adjusted mean yield of sheep of genotype AA (n = 169) was 79.9 ±â€…2.72%, while that of genotype AB (n = 51) was 81.9 ±â€…3.37%. There was also an association between variation in KRTAP7-1 and MSL (P = 0.024), with sheep of genotype AA (n = 169) having an adjusted mean MSL of 47.3 ±â€…0.57 mm compared with sheep of genotype AB (n = 51, 50.9 ±â€…0.65 mm). Yield and MSL are both important wool production traits, hence variation in KRTAP7-1 needs to be further investigated in more sheep of differing breed.


Assuntos
Queratinas Específicas do Cabelo/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Ovinos/genética , Lã/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Peso Corporal/genética , Cruzamento , Genótipo , Queratinas/genética , Fenótipo
8.
Genomics ; 112(3): 2186-2193, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866420

RESUMO

CircRNA is a specific type of non-coding RNA that has been shown to have an important role in mammary gland (MG) activity, but no study of MG circRNA activity in sheep so far. In this study, the expression profile of circRNAs was investigated using RNA-Seq in MG parenchyma at peak lactation from Small-Tailed Han sheep and Gansu Alpine Merino sheep with phenotypic differences in milk yield and components. A total of 4, 906 circRNAs were found and 33 of these were differentially expressed between breeds. GO and KEGG results showed that the parental genes of differentially expressed circRNAs were mainly enriched in heterocyclic compound binding, kinase activity, adherens junction, the TGF-ß signaling pathway, and the MAPK signaling pathway. This study provides an overview of circRNA expression in the ovine MG and the interaction between some key circRNAs and their target miRNAs. It improves our knowledge of the role of circRNA in sheep milk synthesis.

9.
Arch Anim Breed ; 62(1): 125-133, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807622

RESUMO

Keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are a structural component of cashmere fibre, and variation in some KAP genes (KRTAPs) has been associated with a number of caprine fibre traits. In this study, we report the identification of KRTAP15-1 in goats. Sequence variation in the gene was detected using the polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) technique in 250 Longdong goats, and six variants (named A to F) containing eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified. Five of the SNPs were non-synonymous and would lead to putative amino acid changes. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed that KRTAP15-1 was expressed in secondary hair follicles but not in heart tissue, liver tissue, lung tissue, kidney tissue or the longissimus dorsi muscle. Despite being rich in cysteine, the caprine KAP15-1 protein possesses a high content of serine and moderate content of glycine and phenylalanine. Association analyses revealed that KRTAP15-1 variant A was associated with decreased mean fibre diameter (MFD), and this effect appeared to be dominant; while variant C was found to be associated with increased MFD, the effect being recessive. The findings suggest that caprine KRTAP15-1 is highly polymorphic and that variation in this gene affects cashmere MFD.

10.
Arch Anim Breed ; 62(2): 509-515, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807662

RESUMO

Variation in KRTAP6-1 has been reported to affect wool fibre traits in Merino cross-breed sheep and Chinese Tan sheep, but little is known about whether these effects persist in other breeds. In this study, variation in KRTAP6-1 was investigated in 290 New Zealand (NZ) Romney ewes sired by 16 different rams. Polymerase chain reaction single-stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis revealed four variants ( A , B , E and F ) of KRTAP6-1, and nine genotypes (AA, AB, AE, AF, BB, BE, BF, EE and FF) in these ewes. Among the 243 ewes that had genotypes with a frequency of over 5 % (i.e. AA, AB and BB), the presence of A was found to be associated with reduced mean fibre diameter (MFD) and increased coefficient of variation in fibre diameter (CVFD), whereas the presence of B had a trend of association with decreased coarse edge measurement (CEM). A genotype effect was also detected for MFD and CVFD. No associations were detected for fibre diameter standard deviation (FDSD), mean fibre curvature (MFC) and medulation. These results suggest that variation in KRTAP6-1 affects wool fibre diameter in NZ Romney ewes, confirming the finding in Merino cross-breed sheep.

11.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597369

RESUMO

The mammary gland is a crucial tissue for milk synthesis and plays a critical role in the feeding and growth of mammalian offspring. The aim of this study was to use RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) technology to provide a transcriptome profile of the ovine mammary gland at the peak of lactation. Small-Tailed Han (STH) sheep (n = 9) and Gansu Alpine Merino (GAM) sheep (n = 9), breeds with phenotypic differences in milk production traits, were selected for the RNA-Seq analysis. This revealed 74 genes that were more highly expressed in the STHs than in the GAMs. Similarly, 143 genes that were expressed at lower levels in the STHs than in the GAMs, were identified. Gene ontogeny (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses revealed that these differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were associated with binding and catalytic activities, hematopoietic cell lineages, oxytocin signaling pathway and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. This is the first study of the transcriptome profile of the ovine mammary gland in these Chinese breeds at peak lactation. The results provide for a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms involved in ovine lactation.


Assuntos
Lactação/genética , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/metabolismo , Ovinos/genética , Animais , Cruzamento/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/patologia , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma/genética
12.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461906

RESUMO

Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is an enzyme involved in the synthesis of fatty acids (FA) and plays a central role in de novo lipogenesis in mammals. This study was conducted to ascertain the relative level of expression of the FASN gene (FASN) in tissues from the yak (Bos grunniens), and to search for variation in two regions of yak FASN using polymerase chain reaction single-stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analyses; it also ascertains whether that variation is associated with yak milk traits. The gene was found to be expressed in twelve tissues, with the highest expression detected in the mammary gland, followed by subcutaneous fat tissue. Two regions of the gene were analyzed in 290 Gannan yaks: A region spanning exon 24-intron 24 and a region spanning exon 34. These regions both produced two PCR-SSCP patterns, which, upon sequencing, represented different DNA sequences. This sequence variation resulted from the presence of three nucleotide substitutions: c.4296+38C/T (intron 24), c.5884A/G, and c.5903G/A, both located in exon 34. The exon 34 substitutions would result in the amino acid substitutions p.Thr1962Ala and p.Gly1968Glu if expressed. Four haplotypes spanning from the exon 24-intron 24 region to exon 34 were identified. Of these, two were common (A1-A2 and B1-A2), and two were rare (A1-B2 and B1-B2) in the yaks investigated. The presence of A1-A2 was associated with an increase in milk fat content (p = 0.050) and total milk solid content (p = 0.037), while diplotype A1-A2/B1-A2 had a higher milk fat content (p = 0.038) than the other diplotypes. This study suggests that further characterization of the FASN gene might provide for an improved understanding of milk traits in yaks.

13.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(7)2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315271

RESUMO

Keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are key constituents of wool and hair fibers. In this study, an ovine KAP gene encoding a HGT-KAP protein was identified. The gene was different from all of the HGT-KAP genes identified in sheep, but was closely related to the human KAP21-1 gene, suggesting that it represented the unidentified ovine KRTAP21-1. Four variants (named A to D) of ovine KRTAP21-1 were found in 360 Merino × Southdown-cross lambs from four sire lines. Three sequence variations were detected among these variants. Two of the sequence variations were located upstream of the coding region and the remaining one was a synonymous variation in the coding sequence. Six genotypes were found in the Merino-cross lambs, with only two of the genotypes (AA and AC) occurring at a frequency of over 5%. Wool from sheep of genotype AA had a higher yield than that from AC sheep (p = 0.014), but tended to have a lower greasy fleece weight (GFW) than that of genotype AC (P = 0.078). This suggests that variation in KRTAP21-1 affects wool yield and the gene may have potential for use as a genetic maker for improving wool yield.

14.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(4)2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987059

RESUMO

Keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are a diverse group of proteins and form a matrix that cross-links keratin intermediate filaments in hair and wool fibres. From over 100 KAP genes (KRTAPs) identified in mammalian species, KRTAP25-1 is a high sulphur (HS)-KAP gene, which has recently been described in humans. Here, we report the absence of KRTAP25-1 in sheep, and describe a new HS-KRTAP (named KRTAP28-1) in the chromosome region where KRTAP25-1 was expected to be found. Six variants (A-F) of KRTAP28-1 containing eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and a TG repeat polymorphism were detected. One was positioned 30 bp upstream of the transcription start codon and all the others were non-synonymous SNPs, including a nonsense SNP. The TG repeat polymorphism would lead to a reading frame shift at the carboxyl-terminal end. The effect of KRTAP28-1 on wool traits was investigated with 383 Southdown × Merino-cross lambs from seven sire lines. Of the four genotypes with a frequency of over 5%, lambs of genotypes AB and BD produced wool of a smaller MFD than lambs of genotype BC. This shows that KRTAP28-1 is associated with wool fibre diameter, and that variation in this gene might have potential for use as a gene marker for reducing wool fibre diameter.

15.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(1)2019 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621287

RESUMO

The keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are structural components of cashmere fibres. The gene encoding the high-sulphur (HS)-KAP24-1 (KRTAP24-1) has been identified in humans and sheep, but it has not been described in goats. In this study, we report the identification of caprine KRTAP24-1, describe variation in this gene, and investigate the effect of this variation on cashmere traits. A search for sequences orthologous to the ovine gene in the goat genome revealed a 774 bp open reading frame on chromosome 1, which could encode an HS-KAP. Based on this goat genome sequence and comparison with ovine KRTAP24-1 sequences, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers were designed to amplify an 856 bp fragment that would contain the entire coding region of the putative caprine KRTAP24-1. Use of this PCR amplification with subsequent single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of the amplicons identified four distinct patterns of DNA bands on gel electrophoresis, with these representing four different DNA sequences (A to D), in 340 Longdong cashmere goats reared in China. The variant sequences had the highest similarity to KRTAP24-1 sequences from sheep and humans, suggesting that they are variants of caprine KRTAP24-1. Nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in the gene, including four non-synonymous SNPs and an SNP in proximity to the ATG start codon. Of the three common genotypes (AA, AB, and BB) found in these Longdong cashmere goats, cashmere fibres from goats of genotype AA had lower mean fibre diameter (MFD) than did those of genotype AB, and cashmere fibres from goats of genotype AB had lower MFD than did those from goats of genotype BB.

16.
Gene ; 683: 41-46, 2019 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316920

RESUMO

The PROP paired-like homeobox 1 (PROP1) gene encodes a protein that regulates growth and development in mammals. Possessing DNA-binding and transcriptional activation abilities, PROP1 is able to control the expression of crucial anterior pituitary hormones including growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin. The objective of this study was to identify genetic variation in ovine PROP1 in 670 New Zealand Romney sheep. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected, two of which located in intron 1 were novel (c.109+40 T>C and c.109+207C>T), whilst the one located in exon 1 (c.45A>G) had been previously reported. These SNPs were arranged into three haplotypic variants - A1, B1 and C1. At each locus, all three genotypes were observed with frequencies in accordance with the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium. Association analysis revealed that the variant GG, CC and CC genotypes for c.45A>G, c.109+40 T>C and c.109+207C>T respectively were significantly associated with higher lamb tailing and weaning weights, and growth rate-to-weaning. The A1 haplotype had a positive effect on tailing weight, weaning weight and growth rate, while the B1 haplotype impacted growth traits negatively. These findings suggest that variations in ovine PROP1 could serve as potential genetic markers for use in marker-assisted selection and the breeding for animals with superior growth traits.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Animais , Cruzamento , Éxons , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética/veterinária , Íntrons , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ovinos
17.
J Anim Sci ; 97(2): 587-595, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535023

RESUMO

The keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are important constituents of wool fibers. Of the many mammalian KAP genes (KRTAPs) identified, KRTAP20-1 has been described in humans, but it has not been described in any other species. A search of the sheep genome using the human KRTAP20-1 sequence revealed a homologous open reading frame on chromosome 1, which would encode a high glycine-tyrosine KAP. PCR-single-stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis identified 8 different banding patterns representing 8 unique DNA sequences (named A to H). The sequences had highest similarity to the human KRTAP20-1 sequence, and this suggests that they are variants of ovine KRTAP20-1. Among these variants, a 12-bp insertion/deletion and 6 single nucleotide poly- morphisms (SNPs), including one 5' untranslated region (UTR) SNP, one 3' UTR SNP, and 2 nonsynonymous SNPs, were detected. Variant A was found to be associated with a decrease in mean fiber diameter, fiber diameter standard deviation, and prickle factor, whereas variant C was associated with increased greasy fleece weight and decreased wool yield. These associations persisted after adjusting for the effect of 2 nearby KRTAPs (KRTAP6-3 and KRTAP22-1) that have also been reported to associate with these wool traits. This suggests that variation in KRTAP20-1 affects wool yield and mean fiber diameter-associated traits, and that this effect is unlikely to be the result of the clustering of these KRTAPs on chromosome 1.


Assuntos
Genoma/genética , Queratinas/genética , Ovinos/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Glicina/genética , Fenótipo , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Polimorfismo Conformacional de Fita Simples , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Ovinos/fisiologia , Tirosina/genética ,
18.
Meat Sci ; 145: 334-339, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30015163

RESUMO

Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) participates in fatty-acid transportation and variation in the gene has been reported to affect fat deposition in mammals. To assess the effects of variation in FABP4 on carcass and growth traits in sheep, two regions of the gene were investigated in 749 New Zealand Romney lambs. Five variants (A1 - E1) were found in region-1 (exon 2 - intron 2) and three variants (A2 - C2) were found in region-2 (exon 3 - intron 3). A1 was associated with a decrease in leg meat yield, loin meat yield and total meat yield, whereas A2 was associated with a decrease in weaning-weight and pre-weaning growth-rate. Haplotype A1-A2 was found to be associated with a decrease in birth-weight, pre-weaning growth-rate, hot carcass weight, loin meat yield, shoulder meat yield and total meat yield, while haplotype A1-B2 was associated with increased fat depth at the 12th rib (V-GR). Taken together, this supports the contention that variation in FABP4 affects growth and meat production in sheep.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Composição Corporal/genética , Peso Corporal/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Haplótipos , Carne/análise , Polimorfismo Conformacional de Fita Simples , Animais , Peso ao Nascer , Éxons , Feminino , Íntrons , Masculino , Nova Zelândia , Fenótipo , Costelas , Carneiro Doméstico/genética , Ombro , Desmame
20.
Genes (Basel) ; 9(4)2018 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29601527

RESUMO

Uncoupling protein-1 gene (UCP1) plays an important role in the regulation of thermogenesis, energy expenditure, and protection against oxidative stress. In this study, six separate UCP1 regions: region-1 and region-2 (two parts of the promoter), region-3 and region-4 (two parts of intron 1), region-5 (spanning part of intron 5 and part of exon 6), and region-6 (spanning part of exon 6 and part of the 3'-UTR) from a variety of sheep breeds, were analysed using polymerase chain reaction-single-stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analyses. In total, 30 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected. Of these, 14 were located in the promoter, eight were found in intron 1, six were found in intron 5, and one was found in the 3'-UTR. One substitution in exon 6 (c.910A/G) would putatively result in an amino acid change (p.Thr304Ala). Twenty-eight novel SNPs and nine new haplotypes spanning region-2 to region-5 were identified. Of these nine haplotypes, five were common (B2-A5, C2-A5, C2-C5, A2-A5, and A2-B5) and four were rare (C2-B5, A2-C5, B2-C5, and B2-B5) in the sheep investigated. Of the five common haplotypes found in 314 New Zealand Romney sheep for which growth and carcass trait data were available, the presence of A2-B5 was associated with decreased hot carcass weight (HCW) and loin lean-meat yield (p = 0.006, p = 0.032, respectively), and the presence of C2-C5 was associated with a decreased proportion of leg lean-meat yield (p = 0.047) in the carcasses. No associations were found with growth traits. These results confirm that ovine UCP1 is a variable gene and may have value as a genetic marker for sheep breeding.

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