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1.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 243-252, mayo-sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202548

RESUMO

El estudio de la resiliencia como recuperación del estrés se ha extendido, y se requiere dar cuenta del desarrollo y las propiedades psicométricas de las escalas que permiten utilizarla. El objetivo fue adaptar transculturalmente la Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) y evaluar sus propiedades psicométricas en población joven chilena. Participaron en el año 2016, tres traductores, y 1,237 estudiantes de 18 a 24 años de una universidad de la zona Central de Chile, 60.8% mujeres y 39.2% hombres. Se consiguió la equivalencia lingüística y conceptual después de una doble traducción, retro traducción y de realizar las entrevistas cognitivas con la población diana. Se observaron dificultades en el ítem 2. Del Análisis Factorial Exploratorio surgieron dos factores. Los índices de ajuste del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio fueron adecuados: χ2 = 9.256(6), p = .160; CFI = .995; TLI = .988; RMSEA = .035, IC 90% [.000, .076]. El omega total .81. La estabilidad por ítem fue moderada y para la puntuación total, elevada. Las medias en general fueron menores en mujeres, pero similares entre grupos de edad. Hubo evidencia de validez concurrente y convergente. La versión chilena de la BRS puede ser útil para medir la resiliencia en jóvenes chilenos


The study of resilience as recovery from stress has been extended, and it is necessary to account for the development and psychometric properties of the scales that allow it to be used. The aim was to report on the cross-cultural adaptation process and psychometric properties of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) in young Chilean population. In 2016, three translators, and 1,237 students between 18 and 24 years old from a university in the Fifth Region of Chile participated. Linguistic and conceptual equivalence was achieved after carried out a double translation, back-translation and cognitive interviews with the target population. Difficulties were observed in item 2. From the Exploratory Factor Analysis, two factors emerged. In the Confirmatory Factorial Analysis, the fit indexes were suitable: χ2 = 9.256(6), p = .160; CFI = .995; TLI = .988; RMSEA = .035 IC 90% .000, .076. Total omega was .81. The stability per item was moderate; and high for the total score. Means were generally lower in women than in men but similar among age groups. It has evidence for concurrent and convergent validity. The BRS Chilean version might be useful for measuring resilience in young Chileans


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Comparação Transcultural , Resiliência Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Psicometria , Análise Fatorial , Fatores Sexuais , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Traduções , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Chile , Estudantes/psicologia
2.
Psicol. conduct ; 29(1): 127-143, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202210

RESUMO

El alcance de la tecnología ha permitido que comportamientos abusivos en las relaciones de noviazgo sean vividos a través de medios electrónicos e internet. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la existencia de asociación entre el abuso cibernético en el noviazgo (ACN) y la relación intrafamiliar (RI) en adolescentes estudiantes mexicanos ajustada por sexo, consumo de alcohol y violencia cara a cara en el noviazgo. Participaron 394 adolescentes con edades de entre 15 y 18 años (62,4% mujeres). Se encontró que el 62,2% de los participantes fueron víctimas de control/vigilancia y el 35% de agresión directa. Todas las dimensiones de RI obtuvieron puntuaciones intermedias. El modelo de ecuaciones estructurales mostró una asociación negativa entre el ACN y la RI con una fuerza de asociación pequeña (β= -0,18; p< 0,01). Sería recomendable en programas de prevención del ACN fortalecer en la familia la comunicación, la unión, el apoyo y la solución asertiva de conflictos. Futuros estudios podrían añadir al modelo otras variables que expliquen al ACN


The scope of technology has allowed abusive behaviors in dating relationships to be experienced through electronic media and the internet. This study aimed to determine the existence of an association between cyber dating abuse (CDA) and intra-family relations (IR) in Mexican adolescent students adjusted for sex, alcohol use and face-to-face dating violence. The sample comprised 394 students between 15 and 18 years of age (62.4% women). It was found that 62.2% of the participants were victims of control/monitoring and 35% of direct aggression. All IR dimensions obtained intermediate scores. The structural equation model showed a negative association between CDA and IR with a small strength association (β= -.18, p< .01). It would be advisable in CDA prevention programs to strengthen communication, union, support, and assertive conflict resolution in the family. Future studies should include other variables in the model to explain the CDA


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Relações Familiares , Internet , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia
3.
Psicol. conduct ; 28(3): 435-454, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199331

RESUMO

Los instrumentos para evaluar el abuso cibernético en el noviazgo se concentran en la victimización o en la perpetración, mientras que el "Cuestionario de abuso cibernético en la pareja" (CDAQ) mide ambos aspectos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo adaptar el CDAQ a población adolescente mexicana y proporcionar pruebas sobre su validez y fiabilidad. La muestra consistió en 534 estudiantes (51,7% mujeres) con una media de edad de 14,6 años (DT= 1,7). La versión adaptada mantuvo su estructura general y cambiaron cuatro palabras para ajustarlas al contexto. El análisis factorial confirmatorio con el modelo de unicidad correlacionado mostró un ajuste adecuado, chi2(714)= 1.080,24; CFI= 0,970; TLI= 0,968; RMSEA= 0,031 [0,027, 0,035] y teóricamente explicable por la bidireccionalidad del abuso. Se encontró validez convergente de los factores, pero no discriminante y la fiabilidad fue adecuada (alfa de Cronbach= 0,97 y omega de Raykov= 0,93). Los hallazgos sugieren que el CDAQ puede ser un cuestionario útil para evaluar el abuso cibernético en el noviazgo en adolescentes mexicanos


The instruments to evaluate dating abuse focus on victimization or perpetration, unlike the Cyber Dating Abuse Questionnaire (CDAQ), which measures both aspects. This study aimed to adapt the CDAQ to a Mexican adolescent population and provide evidence of the validity and reliability of the scores. The sample consisted of 534 students (51.7% women), mean age 14.6 years (SD= 1.7). The adapted version kept its general structure, and four words were changed to better suit the Mexican cultural context. The confirmatory factor analysis with a correlated uniqueness model showed adequate adjustment, Chi2(714)= 1,080.24, CFI= .970, TLI= .968, RMSEA= .031 [.027, .035] and was theoretically explainable by the bidirectionality of dating abuse. Convergent validity of the factors was found but was not discriminant, and validity and reliability were adequate (Cronbach's alpha= .97 and Raykov's omega= .93). Findings suggest that the CDAQ may be a useful scale for the assessment of cyber dating abuse among Mexican adolescents


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Análise Fatorial , Padrões de Referência , México , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(10): 3763-3772, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577007

RESUMO

The objective was to determine if suicide-related behavior (SRB) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) are associated and whether this association is independent of substance use, violence, and sociodemographic variables. It involved a cross-sectional study with 1,229 Mexican university students: 62.4% women; 37.6% men; age 18.2± .6 years. The YRBS and KISDSCREEN questionnaires were applied. The results were as follows: 14.2% students reported despair; 4.7% had suicidal ideation (SI); 4% had suicidal tendencies (ST); and 2.3% had attempted suicide. Multiple logistic regression models show that despair increased the possibility of lower scores in all HRQL domains except economic resources with odds ratio OR (CI 95%) ranging from 1.5 (1.0-2.3) for autonomy to 4.6 (3.1-6.8) for state of mind. The SI increased the possibility of a lower score in relationships with parents and family life (3.9, 1.7-8.9) and in friends and social support (2.9, 1.3-6.4). The ST increased the possibility for lower physical (2.7, 1.2-6.1) and psychological well-being (3.1, 1.3-7.2). HRQL is associated with SRB among Mexican students even after adjustment for substance use and violence. It highlights the fact that despair is negatively associated with different domains of the HRQL of the students.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Relações Pais-Filho , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3763-3772, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039472

RESUMO

Resumen El objetivo fue determinar si existe asociación entre comportamientos de riesgo de suicidio (CRS) y menor calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CVRS) y si esta asociación es independiente del consumo de sustancias, violencia y variables sociodemográficas. Estudio transversal, con 1229 estudiantes universitarios mexicanos; 62.4% mujeres y 37.6% hombres, edad 18.2 ± .6 años. Se aplicaron los instrumentos YRBS y KIDSCREEN-52. Presentaron desesperanza 14.2%, ideación suicida (IS) 4.7%, planeación suicida (PS) 4.0% e intento suicida 2.3%. Modelos de regresión logística múltiple muestran que la desesperanza aumentó la posibilidad de menor puntuación en todos los dominios de CVRS excepto en recursos económicos, con odds ratio OR (IC95%) que van de 1.5 (1.0-2.3) para autonomía, hasta 4.6 (3.1-6.8) para estado de ánimo. La IS incrementó la posibilidad de menor puntuación en relación con los padres y vida familiar (3.9, 1.7-8.9) y en amigos y apoyo social (2.9, 1.3-6.4). La PS aumentó la posibilidad de menor bienestar físico (2.7, 1.2-6.1) y psicológico (3.1, 1.3-7.2). En estudiantes mexicanos la CVRS se asocia a los CRS aún después de ajustar por consumo de sustancias y violencia. Se destaca que la desesperanza se asocia negativamente a los distintos dominios de la CVRS de los estudiantes.


Abstract The objective was to determine if suicide-related behavior (SRB) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) are associated and whether this association is independent of substance use, violence, and sociodemographic variables. It involved a cross-sectional study with 1,229 Mexican university students: 62.4% women; 37.6% men; age 18.2± .6 years. The YRBS and KISDSCREEN questionnaires were applied. The results were as follows: 14.2% students reported despair; 4.7% had suicidal ideation (SI); 4% had suicidal tendencies (ST); and 2.3% had attempted suicide. Multiple logistic regression models show that despair increased the possibility of lower scores in all HRQL domains except economic resources with odds ratio OR (CI 95%) ranging from 1.5 (1.0-2.3) for autonomy to 4.6 (3.1-6.8) for state of mind. The SI increased the possibility of a lower score in relationships with parents and family life (3.9, 1.7-8.9) and in friends and social support (2.9, 1.3-6.4). The ST increased the possibility for lower physical (2.7, 1.2-6.1) and psychological well-being (3.1, 1.3-7.2). HRQL is associated with SRB among Mexican students even after adjustment for substance use and violence. It highlights the fact that despair is negatively associated with different domains of the HRQL of the students.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Ideação Suicida , Relações Pais-Filho , Apoio Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , México
6.
Rev. esp. med. legal ; 45(3): 98-107, jul.-sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188610

RESUMO

Introducción: En este artículo se analizan los datos del equipo técnico (psicólogo, trabajador social y educador) del juzgado de menores de Toledo (España) desde el año 2001 a 2012. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo de la serie anual de una muestra de 3.333 menores infractores y de sus características psicosociales, educativas y delictivas. Resultados: En los últimos años de la serie se tiende a infracciones de mayor gravedad cometidas por chicos de mayor edad. Conclusiones: La delincuencia de menores en esta provincia desde el año 2001 se mantuvo constante hasta el año 2009, en el que se observa un destacado repunte para volver a bajar durante los años 2011 y 2012. Sin embargo, en los últimos años de la serie (a partir de 2008) se constata un aumento de la gravedad de los hechos, al ser significativamente más numerosos los delitos que las faltas. También se ha detectado que probablemente el sistema infradiagnostica a los menores infractores, tanto en problemas de salud mental como en consumo de alcohol y otras drogas. Por lo tanto, estos menores no se beneficiarían adecuadamente de las medidas impuestas por el sistema de justicia juvenil


Introduction: This paper presents an analysis of the data of the technical team (psychologist, social worker and educator) of the juvenile court of Toledo (Spain) from 2001 to 2012. Methodology: Descriptive study of the annual series of a sample of 3,333 juvenile offenders and their psychosocial, educational and criminal characteristics. Results: In the latter years of the series there tends to be infractions of greater gravity committed by older boys. Conclusions: Juvenile delinquency in the province of Toledo remained constant from 2001 until 2009, when a sharp increase was observed, which lowered again during the years 2011 and 2012. However, in the latter years of the series (starting 2008) an increase in the gravity of the acts is noted, with the number of crimes increasing more significantly than the misdemeanours. The team has also detected that perhaps institutions underestimate the diagnosis of the juvenile misdemeanours, even in mental health issues, such as abuse of alcohol and other substances. Therefore, these minors may not achieve the benefits of the justice youth system


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Delinquência Juvenil/estatística & dados numéricos , Impacto Psicossocial , Crime/classificação , Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
7.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(8): 2871-2882, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389535

RESUMO

The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the instruments created or adapted to assess non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology was used. Two individual reviewers analyzed the psychometric properties of instruments published in English or Spanish from 1990 to 2016 considering standardized quality criteria. The PsycINFO, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, SciELO, ScienceDirect, and EBSCO databases were consulted. Eighteen studies that created or adapted 11 instruments were selected. Most were developed in the United States or Canada, and none were developed in Latin America. Several studies presented no evidence of the psychometric properties of their instruments. Seven of the 18 studies obtained at least one positive score. The Alexian Brothers Urge to Self-Injure Scale (ABUSI) and the Impulse, Self-harm, and Suicide Ideation Questionnaire for Adolescents (ISSIQ-A) obtained the highest positive scores. The limitation of this study is that only seven databases were employed for the literature search in English and Spanish. The reporting of the psychometric properties of NSSI instruments among adolescents should be improved, and adaptations to Latin American countries should be developed for international comparisons.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo , Psicometria , Ideação Suicida
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(8): 2871-2882, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011886

RESUMO

Resumen El propósito de esta revisión sistemática fue identificar los instrumentos creados o adaptados para evaluar la autolesión no suicida en adolescentes. Se utilizó la metodología PRISMA. Dos revisores independientes analizaron las propiedades psicométricas de los instrumentos publicados en inglés o español desde 1990 a 2016 considerando criterios de calidad estandarizados. Las bases utilizadas fueron PsycINFO, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, SciELO, ScienceDirect y EBSCO. Se seleccionaron 18 estudios que crearon o adaptaron 11 instrumentos. La mayoría desarrollados en Estados Unidos y Canadá y ninguno en América Latina. Varios estudios no presentan evidencia de las propiedades psicométricas de los instrumentos. Siete de los 18 estudios obtuvieron al menos una puntuación positiva. El ABUSI y el ISSIQ-A obtuvieron la mayor cantidad de puntuaciones positivas. Las limitaciones de este estudio fueron que la búsqueda se realizó solamente en siete bases de datos y en los idiomas inglés y español. Se sugiere mejorar el reporte de las propiedades psicométricas de los instrumentos de autolesión no suicida en adolescentes y desarrollar adaptaciones a países de América Latina que permitan hacer comparaciones internacionales.


Abstract The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the instruments created or adapted to assess non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology was used. Two individual reviewers analyzed the psychometric properties of instruments published in English or Spanish from 1990 to 2016 considering standardized quality criteria. The PsycINFO, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, SciELO, ScienceDirect, and EBSCO databases were consulted. Eighteen studies that created or adapted 11 instruments were selected. Most were developed in the United States or Canada, and none were developed in Latin America. Several studies presented no evidence of the psychometric properties of their instruments. Seven of the 18 studies obtained at least one positive score. The Alexian Brothers Urge to Self-Injure Scale (ABUSI) and the Impulse, Self-harm, and Suicide Ideation Questionnaire for Adolescents (ISSIQ-A) obtained the highest positive scores. The limitation of this study is that only seven databases were employed for the literature search in English and Spanish. The reporting of the psychometric properties of NSSI instruments among adolescents should be improved, and adaptations to Latin American countries should be developed for international comparisons.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Psicometria , Ideação Suicida , Comportamento Impulsivo
9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(6): 2249-2262, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269183

RESUMO

Being a victim or perpetrator of dating violence has been associated with poor mental health, substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors. The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review and to evaluate the quality of the measurement properties of dating violence questionnaires, created or adapted in Ibero-America from 1981 to 2017, for a population aged 12 to 29 years and published in Spanish, English, Portuguese or French. The search was conducted in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, SciELO and included manual searches. Two independent researchers conducted both the systematic review and the evaluation of measurement properties. Of 5,812 articles identified, 22 studies involving 16 different questionnaires of dating violence were included. In general, the questionnaires showed evidence of internal consistency, content validity and construct validity, although no study presented evidence of criterion validity, reproducibility, sensitivity, or floor and ceiling effects. Among the cross-cultural adaptations, 42% of them included translation, back translation, committee of experts in translation and piloting. Two questionnaires created, CMN and VADRI/Spain-Mexico and two adaptations of the same questionnaire CTS/Brazil-Mexico received the highest scores .


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Idioma , América Latina , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(6): 2249-2262, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011819

RESUMO

Resumen Ser una víctima o perpetrador de violencia en el noviazgo se ha asociado con mala salud mental, consumo de sustancias y riesgos sexuales. El objetivo fue realizar una revisión sistemática y evaluar la calidad de las propiedades de medida de instrumentos de violencia en el noviazgo, creados o adaptados en Iberoamérica de 1981 a 2017, para población de 12 a 29 años y publicados en español, inglés, portugués o francés. La búsqueda se realizó en PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, SciELO y búsquedas manuales. Dos investigadores independientes llevaron a cabo tanto la revisión sistemática como la evaluación de propiedades métricas. De 5,812 artículos identificados, 22 estudios con 16 instrumentos diferentes de violencia en el noviazgo fueron incluidos. En general, hubo evidencia de consistencia interna, validez de contenido y validez de constructo de los instrumentos y ningún estudio presentó evidencia de validez de criterio, reproducibilidad, sensibilidad y efecto piso techo. El 42% de las adaptaciones reportaron traducción, retro traducción, comité de expertos en la traducción y pilotaje. Las puntuaciones más altas las recibieron dos instrumentos creados, CMN y VADRI/España-México y dos adaptaciones del mismo instrumento CTS/Brasil-México .


Abstract Being a victim or perpetrator of dating violence has been associated with poor mental health, substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors. The aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review and to evaluate the quality of the measurement properties of dating violence questionnaires, created or adapted in Ibero-America from 1981 to 2017, for a population aged 12 to 29 years and published in Spanish, English, Portuguese or French. The search was conducted in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, SciELO and included manual searches. Two independent researchers conducted both the systematic review and the evaluation of measurement properties. Of 5,812 articles identified, 22 studies involving 16 different questionnaires of dating violence were included. In general, the questionnaires showed evidence of internal consistency, content validity and construct validity, although no study presented evidence of criterion validity, reproducibility, sensitivity, or floor and ceiling effects. Among the cross-cultural adaptations, 42% of them included translation, back translation, committee of experts in translation and piloting. Two questionnaires created, CMN and VADRI/Spain-Mexico and two adaptations of the same questionnaire CTS/Brazil-Mexico received the highest scores .


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Portugal , Espanha , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Idioma , América Latina
11.
An. psicol ; 35(1): 26-32, ene. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181020

RESUMO

El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la estructura factorial de la versión en castellano de la Escala Breve de Resiliencia (BRS) tomando en cuenta la aquiescencia (tendencia a responder de manera positiva) en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios mexicanos (N=1572) y una validación cruzada de los mismos modelos con estudiantes universitarios chilenos (N=1345). Se comparan seis modelos mediante Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio, en tres de ellos se utilizan diferentes factores de método para tratar la aquiescencia. Los resultados muestran que en estudiantes mexicanos se observa mejor ajuste en estos modelos, especialmente en el modelo de un factor teórico llamado Resiliencia que tiene dos factores de método (c2 =32.22, gl=7, p < 0.001, NFI= 0.98, GFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.048), mientras que en estudiantes chilenos los modelos que no utilizan factores para tratar la aquiescencia son los de mejor ajuste, específicamente los modelos de dos factores correlacionados y también el modelo al que se añade un factor de segundo orden (c2 =34.66, gl=8, p < 0.001, NFI= 0.98, GFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.05). La aquiescencia afecta de manera diferencial a las muestras utilizadas por lo que es importante analizar la presencia de estilos de respuesta asociados a la aquiescencia


The aim of this study was to evaluate the factorial structure of the Spanish version of Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) considering the acquiescence bias (tendency to respond for one side of the scale) in a large sample of Mexican university students (N=1572) and a cross-validation of the same models with Chilean university students (N=1345). Six models are compared using Factorial Confirmatory Analysis, in three of them different method factors are used to treat acquiescence. The results show that in Mexican students a better fit is observed in these models especially in the model of a general factor called Resilience that has two factors of method (c2 =32.22, gl=7, p < .001, NFI= .98, GFI = .99, RMSEA = .048), while in the Chilean students the models that do not use factors to deal with acquiescence are the ones of better fit, specifically the models of two correlated factors and also the model to which a factor of second order is added (c2 =34.66, gl=8, p < .001, NFI= .98, GFI = .99, RMSEA = .05). The acquiescence affects each of the samples used differently, so it is important to analyze the presence of response styles associated with acquiescence


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Resiliência Psicológica , Estudantes/psicologia , Testes Psicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Psicológicos , Análise Fatorial , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , México/epidemiologia , Chile/epidemiologia , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Estudos Transversais , Análise Socioeconômica , Análise Estatística , Psicometria
12.
Eat Weight Disord ; 24(1): 143-150, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29557055

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to develop and evaluate a causal model of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with different body composition. The participants were 209 adolescents (107 women and 102 men) ranging from 10 to 15 years of age. A model based on that proposed by Wilson and Cleary (JAMA 273(1):59-65, 1995) was elaborated. The body composition of the participants was analyzed. They were asked to complete a battery of questionnaires composed of the following factors: biological status (BS; included body mass index and weight), symptomatic psychological status (SPS; included the variables of drive for thinness and food concerns), functional status (FS; composed of physical activity, food consumption estimation, and socioeconomic status), and HRQoL, which included the dimensions of psychological well-being, autonomy and relationship with parents, social support and peers, and the academic environment. Structural equation modeling produced a model, which obtained an adequate fit for the prediction of HRQoL (χ2(38) = 51.88, p = .07; NNFI = 0.97, CFI = 0.98, GFI = 0.95, and RMSEA = 0.04). The main outcome demonstrated the indirect effect of BS (0.44) and SPS (- 0.45) as well as a direct effect of FS (0.21) on HRQoL. In addition, a second path was observed, BS has an indirect effect on FS (0.34) and FS on HRQoL (0.21). These results provide empirical support for the evaluated model.Level of evidence: Level V, Descriptive study.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Grupo Associado , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Rev. mex. trastor. aliment ; 9(2): 238-249, jul.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-978740

RESUMO

Resumen Las estrategias para disminuir el sobrepeso y la obesidad no han tenido el impacto esperado. Se requiere desarrollar mayor conocimiento sobre las variables estimación del alimento y frecuencia de consumo. Por lo tanto, el propósito de este estudio fue examinar las propiedades psicométricas de un instrumento dirigido a evaluar la estimación de alimentos (EAL) y su frecuencia de consumo (FRC) en niños. Participaron 1,090 niños y niñas de 9 años de edad de la región Sur de Jalisco (México), quienes completaron la Escala de Estimación y Consumo de Alimentos en Niños (ECA-N), que consta de dos secciones: EAL y FRC. El análisis factorial exploratorio realizado con 545 de los participantes derivó tres factores para cada sección, mismos que posteriormente fueron corroborados con base a dos análisis factoriales confirmatorios, uno por sección, practicados con la segunda mitad de la muestra (n = 545). Ambos modelos registraron adecuados índices de bondad de ajuste. La versión final de la ECA-N, con 23 ítems, mostró poseer adecuada consistencia interna en sus dos secciones: EAL (α = .86) y FRC (α = .84). Se discute sobre la necesidad de extender el análisis de las propiedades psicométricas de la ECA-N en niños de otras regiones del país.


Abstract The strategies to reduce overweight and obesity have not had the expected impact. It is necessary to develop greater knowledge regard food estimation and intake frequency. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of an instrument aimed at the evaluation of meals (EM) and its intake frequency (IFR) in children. A total of 1,090 9-year-old boys and girls from the South region of Jalisco (Mexico) answered the Scale of Estimation and Consumption of Foods in Children, which consists of two sections: EM and IFR. The exploratory factor analysis carried out with 545 participants derived three factors for each section, which were subsequently corroborated based on two confirmatory factor analyses, one per section, performed with the second half of the sample (n = 545). Both models registered some goodness of fit indexes. The final version of the scale, with 23 items, showed appropriate internal consistency in its both sections: EM (α = .86) and IFR (α = .84). The need to extend the analysis of the psychometric properties of the scale in children from other regions of the country is discussed.

14.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(7): 2433-2441, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020395

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported a relationship between being a victim of bullying, but no studies have been carried out with Mexican students; notwithstanding the high scores of bullying in Mexico in international rankings. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between being a victim of bullying and lower HRQoL among schoolchildren and adolescents in Mexico. This cross-sectional and correlational study involved 2225 students from 22 elementary, middle and high schools. HRQoL was assessed with the KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaire and bullying with the social adaptation dimension of KIDSCREEN-52. Bivariate associations were evaluated, and a multivariate logistic regression was utilized. The prevalence of victims of bullying was 17.3%. Being a victim of bullying was double the risk of having a lower HRQoL than not being a victim after adjusting for health perception, gender and age, OR 2.3 (1.7-3.1). As the Wilson and Cleary Model of Quality of Life explains, individual characteristics, such as, being a victim of bullying are associated with quality of life. Similar findings in the existing literature imply that bullying is a global phenomenon that impacts the victimized child or adolescent's life in different ways.


Assuntos
Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Bullying/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , México , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ajustamento Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(7): 2433-2441, jul. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-952713

RESUMO

Abstract Previous studies have reported a relationship between being a victim of bullying, but no studies have been carried out with Mexican students; notwithstanding the high scores of bullying in Mexico in international rankings. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between being a victim of bullying and lower HRQoL among schoolchildren and adolescents in Mexico. This cross-sectional and correlational study involved 2225 students from 22 elementary, middle and high schools. HRQoL was assessed with the KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaire and bullying with the social adaptation dimension of KIDSCREEN-52. Bivariate associations were evaluated, and a multivariate logistic regression was utilized. The prevalence of victims of bullying was 17.3%. Being a victim of bullying was double the risk of having a lower HRQoL than not being a victim after adjusting for health perception, gender and age, OR 2.3 (1.7-3.1). As the Wilson and Cleary Model of Quality of Life explains, individual characteristics, such as, being a victim of bullying are associated with quality of life. Similar findings in the existing literature imply that bullying is a global phenomenon that impacts the victimized child or adolescent's life in different ways.


Resumo Pesquisas prévias informaram que ser vítima de "bullying" se associa à menor Qualidade de Vida Relacionada com a Saúde (QVRS); mas nenhuma foi realizada em estudantes Mexicanos apesar dos altos índices de "bullying" mostrados para o México nos rankings internacionais. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre ser vítima de "bullying" e QVRS. Este estudo transversal e de correlação incluiu 2225 crianças e adolescentes de 22 escolas de nível básico, médio básico e médio superior. A QVRS foi avaliada com o questionário KIDSCREEN-10 e o "bullying" com a dimensão de aceitação social do KIDSCREEN-52. Analisaram-se as associações bivariadas, verificou-se confusão e interação, e utilizou-se regressão logística multivariável. A prevalência de vítimas de "bullying" foi de 17.3%. Ser vítima de "bullying" obteve um risco de mais do dobro de QVRS inferior que não ser vítima, depois de ajustar pela percepção de saúde, gênero e idade, OR 2.3 (1.7-3.1). No mesmo sentido que o referido pelo Modelo de Wilson e Cleary, em estudantes mexicanos com características individuais como ser vítima de "bullying", associam-se à QVRS, descoberta similar ao encontrado na literatura existente o que implica que o "bullying" é um fenômeno global que se reflete em diferentes aspectos da vida em crianças e adolescentes vitimizados.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ajustamento Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Modelos Logísticos , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Bullying/psicologia , México
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(12): 1525-1534, dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-902477

RESUMO

Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey. Participants had to complete online, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to calculate Odd ratios. Results A total of 550 adolescents aged 16 ± 1 years old completed the questionnaires. Thirty nine percent consumed alcohol during the last month, 31% smoked, 33% used marijuana and 33% admitted the use of multiple drugs. High-risk alcohol consumption was associated with a lower perception of psychological well-being, self-perception and school environment. This last dimension was affected in those who admitted marijuana use during the last month. Multiple drug use (three substances) was associated with a lower perception of physical and psychological well-being, self-perception, relationship with parents, family life and school environment. Conclusions High-risk alcohol consumption and multiple drug use (three substances) have a negative impact on the HRQOL of school age adolescents.

17.
Rev Med Chil ; 145(12): 1525-1534, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29652948

RESUMO

Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey. Participants had to complete online, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to calculate Odd ratios. Results A total of 550 adolescents aged 16 ± 1 years old completed the questionnaires. Thirty nine percent consumed alcohol during the last month, 31% smoked, 33% used marijuana and 33% admitted the use of multiple drugs. High-risk alcohol consumption was associated with a lower perception of psychological well-being, self-perception and school environment. This last dimension was affected in those who admitted marijuana use during the last month. Multiple drug use (three substances) was associated with a lower perception of physical and psychological well-being, self-perception, relationship with parents, family life and school environment. Conclusions High-risk alcohol consumption and multiple drug use (three substances) have a negative impact on the HRQOL of school age adolescents.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/epidemiologia , Abuso de Maconha/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/psicologia , Chile/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Abuso de Maconha/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Tabagismo/psicologia
18.
Rev. mex. trastor. aliment ; 7(1): 9-16, ene.-jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-830588

RESUMO

Resumen: El objetivo de esta investigación fue caracterizar la producción científica de la Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios/Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders del periodo 2010-2014. Se llevó a cabo un análisis descriptivo retrospectivo de los artículos publicados en el periodo 2010-2014. Se analizó el tipo de artículo, el patrón de autoría, país, promedio de referencias incluidas en los artículos y tipo de referencia incluida. Los resultados mostraron que se publicaron 70 artículos en los cinco volúmenes de la Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios/Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders . El mayor porcentaje de artículos correspondió a trabajos originales (64.28%). El promedio de autores por artículo fue de cuatro y se identificaron cinco autoras con la mayor producción. Investigadores mexicanos han realizado el mayor porcentaje de contribuciones (60%) y la mayoría pertenece a la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Asimismo, se identificó la colaboración entre investigadores de dos o tres países. En promedio se incluyeron 46 referencias por artículo, principalmente artículos de revistas científicas. Se concluye que la Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios/Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders presentó índices similares a los obtenidos en revistas del área de la salud y de psicología.


Abstract: The aim of this research was to characterize the scientific production of the Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios /Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders during the 2010-2014 period. A retrospective and descriptive analysis of published articles in the period 2010-2014 was performed. The type of production, authorship pattern, country, average number of references per article, and type of documents cited were analyzed. The results showed that 70 articles were published in five volumes of the Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios /Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders. The highest percentage was original studies (64.28%). The mean number of author per article was four, and five women were the highest productive ones. Mexican researchers have been made the most percentage of contributions (60%) and most of them belong to the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México . Furthermore, the collaboration among researchers of two or three different countries was identified. On average of 46 references were cited per article, mostly of them were scientific journal articles. It is concluded that Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios /Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders showed similar indexes to those obtained by health journals and psychology journals.

19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 19(7): 2215-24, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25014300

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to develop the culturally-adapted version of the KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire for Mexican adolescents aged 8 to 18, and to analyze its reliability and validity. A translation and back translation was carried out from English to Spanish and vice versa. Cognitive interviews were conducted and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to verify the content validity of the questionnaire. Based on previous studies (i.e. the Argentinian version) mean scores of dimensions were compared to assess construct validity. Reliability was also analyzed. The results showed that the content validity of the version retained the original concepts, duly adapted to the Mexican culture and language. The AFC confirmed the structure of the 10 original dimensions. Two scales achieved the ceiling effect. The instrument's internal consistency was acceptable (ranged from 0.5 to 0.86), and reproducibility obtained low coefficients in 5 dimensions (0.22 to 0.78). The Mexican KIDSCREEN-52 version is equivalent to the original in terms of content, structure, and construct validity. The conclusion was that theKIDSCREEN -52 tool is suitable for application in the Mexican population aged 8 to 18. Further studies are needed to explore its application in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Criança , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
20.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 19(7): 2215-2224, 07/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-713726

RESUMO

Con el objeto de adaptar culturalmente el cuestionario KIDSCREEN-52 a adolescentes mexicanos de 8 a 18 años, y analizar su fiabilidad y validez, se realizó la traducción del cuestionario del inglés al español y una retro traducción. Se realizaron entrevistas cognitivas y un análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) para verificar la validez del contenido del cuestionario. Se compararon las puntuaciones de las dimensiones siguiendo los mismos criterios que en otras versiones (ej. Argentina) para analizar la validez de constructo, y se verificó la fiabilidad. La validez del contenido mantuvo las características del cuestionario original. El AFC confirmó la estructura de las 10 dimensiones originales. Dos escalas mostraron efecto techo. La consistencia interna del instrumento fue aceptable (rango 0,5-0,86) y la reproducibilidad obtuvo coeficientes bajos en 5 dimensiones (0,22-0,78). La versión mexicana del cuestionario KIDSCREEN-52 es equivalente al original en términos de contenido, estructura, y validez de constructo. En conclusión, el instrumento KIDSCREEN-52 es adecuado para aplicarse en población mexicana de estudiantes de 8 a 18 años. Son necesarios nuevos estudios para explorar su aplicación en contextos clínicos.


The scope of this study was to develop the culturally-adapted version of the KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire for Mexican adolescents aged 8 to 18, and to analyze its reliability and validity. A translation and back translation was carried out from English to Spanish and vice versa. Cognitive interviews were conducted and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to verify the content validity of the questionnaire. Based on previous studies (i.e. the Argentinian version) mean scores of dimensions were compared to assess construct validity. Reliability was also analyzed. The results showed that the content validity of the version retained the original concepts, duly adapted to the Mexican culture and language. The AFC confirmed the structure of the 10 original dimensions. Two scales achieved the ceiling effect. The instrument's internal consistency was acceptable (ranged from 0.5 to 0.86), and reproducibility obtained low coefficients in 5 dimensions (0.22 to 0.78). The Mexican KIDSCREEN-52 version is equivalent to the original in terms of content, structure, and construct validity. The conclusion was that theKIDSCREEN -52 tool is suitable for application in the Mexican population aged 8 to 18. Further studies are needed to explore its application in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Características Culturais , México , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
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