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1.
Forensic Sci Int ; 279: 281-287, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28938198

RESUMO

The time-resolved luminescence spectra and the lifetimes of eighteen black writing inks were measured to differentiate pen ink on altered documents. The spectra and lifetimes depended on the samples. About half of the samples only exhibited short-lived luminescence components on the nanosecond time scale. On the other hand, the other samples exhibited short- and long-lived components on the microsecond time scale. The samples could be classified into fifteen groups based on the luminescence spectra and dynamics. Therefore, luminescence lifetime can be used for the differentiation of writing inks, and luminescence lifetime imaging can be applied for the examination of altered documents.

2.
Forensic Sci Int ; 189(1-3): e27-32, 2009 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19411148

RESUMO

In one particular criminal case involving murder and theft, the arrested suspect admitted to the theft, but denied responsibility for the murder of the inhabitant of the crime scene. In his confession, the suspect stated that he found the victim's body when he broke into the crime scene to commit theft. For this report, the actual crime scene was reconstructed in accordance with the confession obtained during the interrogation of the suspect, and suspect behavior was simulated in accord to the suspect confession. The number of characteristic fibers retrieved from the simulated crime scene was compared with those of retrieved from the actual crime scene. By comparing the distribution and number of characteristic fibers collected in the simulation experiments and the actual investigation, the reliability of the suspect's confession was evaluated. The characteristic dark yellowish-green woolen fibers of the garment that the suspect wore when he entered the crime scene were selected as the target fiber in the reconstruction. The experimental simulations were conducted four times. The distributed target fibers were retrieved using the same type of adhesive tape and the same protocol by the same police officers who conducted the retrieval of the fibers at the actual crime scene. The fibers were identified both through morphological observation and by color comparisons of their ultaviolet-visible transmittance spectra measured with a microspectrophotometer. The fibers collected with the adhesive tape were counted for each area to compare with those collected in the actual crime scene investigation. The numbers of fibers found at each area of the body, mattress and blankets were compared between the simulated experiments and the actual investigation, and a significant difference was found. In particular, the numbers of fibers found near the victim's head were significantly different. As a result, the suspect's confession was not considered to be reliable, as a stronger contact with the victim was demonstrated by our simulations. During the control trial, traditional forensic traces like DNA or fingerprints were mute regarding the suspect's says. At the opposite, the fiber intelligence was highly significant to explain the suspect's behavior at the crime scene. The fiber results and simulations were presented at the court and the man was subsequently found guilty not only of theft and trespassing but also murder.


Assuntos
Medicina Legal/métodos , Homicídio , , Animais , Crime , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrofotometria
3.
J Anal Toxicol ; 32(5): 344-8, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18544219

RESUMO

Arsine (AsH(3))-exposed human blood samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) for arsenic speciation. After exposure of human blood samples to AsH(3) vapor for 90 min at room temperature, partial hemolysis was observed. Plasma samples from these whole blood samples were prepared by centrifugation at 1600 x g for 10 min and analyzed by HPLC-ICP-MS. In addition to arsenite [As(III); degraded from AsH(3)], an unidentified arsenic species (As-adduct) was detected at a retention time of 1.1 min. Following ultrafiltration of the plasma samples using a molecular weight cut-off of 10 kDa, As-adduct was not detected in the filtrate. To clarify the origin of As-adduct, AsH(3) was added to blank plasma and As(III) was added to both whole blood and hemolyzed blood. Although As(III) was detected in all samples, As-adduct was not detected. These results indicate that As-adduct was derived from erythrocytes during the process of hemolysis by AsH(3) and further suggest that As(III) and plasma ingredients do not contribute to As-adduct production. Therefore, the presence of As-adduct in blood could represent an indicator of acute arsine poisoning.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Arsenicais/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Arsenicais/sangue , Arsenicais/química , Arsenicais/classificação , Arsenicais/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
4.
Anal Sci ; 24(6): 745-9, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18544863

RESUMO

The effect of heating on the refractive index (RI) and trace elemental compositions of glass was investigated in order to develop an accurate discrimination method of glass fragments exposed to the high temperature of fire on illegal entrance into a crime scene for robbery. Fragments taken from 5 different sheet glasses were subjected to RI measurement and analysis of trace elements using ICP-MS before and after heating at 764 degrees C for 2 min. The difference in the RI between the heated and non-heated fragments ranged from 0.0012 to 0.0015, which corresponds to 6 times more than the variation of the RI within a pane of glass. In contrast, profiles of 10 elements (Co, Rb, Sr, Zr, Mo, Ba, La, Ce, Nd and Pb) in glass exhibited no significant difference between the heated and non-heated ones. In conclusion, the forensic discrimination of glass fragments must be performed not by RI measurement, but by analysis of the elemental compositions when glass evidence could be exposed to the high temperature of fire.

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