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1.
In Vivo ; 35(6): 3483-3488, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resection of the primary lesion with radical lymph node dissection is the most promising treatment avenue for patients with cancer. On the other hand, these procedures often induce excessive intraoperative blood loss (IBL) and require perioperative blood transfusion. The influence of IBL on the long-term postoperative outcomes of patients with digestive cancer is controversial. We investigated the impact of IBL on survival and recurrence after curative surgery in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) in a single study group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 1,597 patients who underwent radical resection for CRC at three group hospitals between 2000 and 2019 were reviewed. Patients were classified into a group with high IBL (≥200 ml) or low IBL (<200 ml). The risk factors for disease-free (DFS) and overall (OS) survival were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 489 and 1,108 patients were classified into the high and low IBL groups, respectively. The OS and DFS rates at 5 years after surgery were 89.3% and 63.4%, respectively, for the high IBL group and 96.9% and 77.8% for the low IBL group; these differences were statistically significantly (p<0.001). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that IBL was a significant independent risk factor for OS and DFS. CONCLUSION: The amount of IBL was associated with significant differences in the OS and DFS of patients with stage II/III CRC who received curative resection. The surgical procedure, surgical strategy, and perioperative care should be carefully planned to avoid causing IBL.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5097-5106, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593460

RESUMO

AIM: D3 lymph node dissection (LND) for stage II and III colon cancer has been shown to improve prognosis, however, it generally increases surgical stress. Studies have reported that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) may be a useful inflammatory-nutritional biomarker to predict postoperative complications and poor prognosis for with various types of cancer. Our purposes were to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of D3 LND in patients with a high preoperative CAR (≥ 0.04). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis reviewing a prospectively collected database of Yokohama City University and three affiliated hospitals. A total of 449 patients with stage II or III colon cancer with high CAR who underwent primary resection with D2 or D3 LND were identified between 2008 and 2020. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were the 3-year recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 230 patients were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the D3 and D2 groups in the rate of postoperative complications overall (14.8% versus 11.3%, p=0.558), however, the incidence of anastomotic leakage tended to be greater in the D3 group (9.6% versus 2.6%, p=0.050). The long-term findings showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (3-year recurrence-free survival rate: 77.2% versus 77.2%, p=0.880). CONCLUSION: D3 LND did not improve survival outcomes for patients with colon cancer with a poor CAR in this study. D2 LND may be a treatment option for patients with stage II-III colon cancer with a high preoperative CAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(10): 1284-1286, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657065

RESUMO

We experienced a case of kidney metastasis of a gastric tumor. An 81-year-old man underwent distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection and partial hepatic resection for antral gastric tumor with hepatic infiltration in July 2019. A histological examination showed undifferentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. The final stage was pT4bN1P0H0M0, Stage ⅢB. He rejected the recommended adjuvant chemotherapy. Seven months after surgery, abdominal enhanced CT showed a hypovascular mass, 20 mm in diameter, on the right upper pole of kidney. Eleven months after surgery, CT showed that the mass had enlarged to 35 mm, infiltrated the renal pelvis, and advanced to para-aortic lymph node metastasis. We performed a retroperitoneoscopic partial right nephrectomy and diagnosed kidney metastasis of the gastric tumor. His right flank pain worsened, and radiotherapy(50 Gy)was performed for the mass and para-aortic lymph node metastasis. His right flank pain resolved. Kidney metastasis of the gastric tumor is very rare. Radiotherapy effectively relieves pain.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Rim , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(10): 1293-1295, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657068

RESUMO

A 65-year-old woman underwent distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer in November 2016. The histopathological diagnosis was pT3N0M0, pStage ⅡA, HER2-negative. In August 2019, transverse colon stenosis due to peritoneal dissemination was detected, and an ileum-transverse colon anastomosis was performed. Postoperatively, she received chemotherapy with S-1 plus oxaliplatin. After 6 courses, CT revealed an increase in ascites and dissemination nodules. We diagnosed her with progressive disease and initiated second-line chemotherapy, a ramucirumab plus nab-paclitaxel regimen. On the 20th day during the 5th course of treatment, she visited our hospital with acute abdominal pain. CT revealed free air, and we diagnosed acute panperitonitis with a gastrointestinal perforation. Emergency surgery was performed, and perforation of the appendix end and mild cloudy ascites were observed. We performed an appendectomy and intraperitoneal drainage. Histopathological examination revealed perforation of the appendix, possibly as an adverse effect of the ramucirumab. It should be noted that angiogenesis inhibitors may cause the fatal adverse effect of gastrointestinal perforation.


Assuntos
Apêndice , Divertículo , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Albuminas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(10): 1296-1298, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657069

RESUMO

Chylothorax after esophagectomy is a relatively rare complication that can be difficult to manage. Here, we report a case of refractory chylothorax after surgery for esophageal cancer treated with lymphatic duct lipiodol imaging by inguinal lymph node puncture to confirm patency of the thoracic duct and thoracic duct ligation. A 71-year-old female with esophageal cancer(cT3N0M0)underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy with 2-field lymph node dissection, intrathoracic gastric tube reconstruction, and an enterostomy. A chylothorax appeared when we started enteral nutrition on the day after surgery. She became markedly dehydrated due to over 2,000 mL/day of drainage from the chest drain, and we managed her general condition in the ICU. We started octreotide acetate on postoperative day(POD)6 and etilefrine on POD 8, but neither was effective. Lymphatic duct lipiodol imaging by bilateral inguinal lymph node puncture was performed, and we confirmed leakage from the main thoracic duct. On POD 11, a thoracic duct ligation performed via a thoracotomy revealed that the volume of the chylothorax was remarkably decreased. The chest tube was removed on re-POD 12.


Assuntos
Quilotórax , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Idoso , Quilotórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Quilotórax/etiologia , Quilotórax/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfografia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Ducto Torácico/diagnóstico por imagem , Ducto Torácico/cirurgia
6.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contrary to the Japanese guidelines recommendations regarding lateral lymph node dissection (LatLND) for rectal cancer, its omission is common in clinical practice without reliable omission criteria. Negative pathological mesorectal lymph node metastasis (MesLNM) is reportedly highly correlated with negative pathological lateral lymph node metastasis (p-LatLNM); however, this cannot be used as a criterion because pathological features are revealed postoperatively. Herein, we prospectively evaluated the negative predictive value (NPV) of MesLNM diagnosed via the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) method for p-LatLNM. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a single academic study group in Japan. The key eligibility criterion was mid-to-low rectal cancer planned to be treated using mesorectal excision with LatLND. According to the study protocol, the OSNA method was considered useful if the point estimate of the NPV exceeded 95%. RESULTS: Preoperative case registration was conducted between 2018 and 2020; 34 patients were registered. Among these, 16 were negative for OSNA-MesLNM, and negative p-LatLNM was confirmed in all cases. The point estimate of the NPV was 100%, with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 79.4% to 100.0%. CONCLUSIONS: The OSNA method is useful in selecting patients in whom LatLND can be omitted in real-world clinical practice.

7.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2617-2623, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952492

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the mid-term oncological results between patients with low rectal cancer who underwent minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery (MILS) and those who underwent open surgery (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 262 matched patients who underwent primary resection for low rectal cancer between 2000 and 2019 were divided into MILS (n=131; n=107, conventional laparoscopic surgery; n=24, robotic surgery) and OS (n=131) groups. The short- and mid-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Similar baseline characteristics were noted. The operative time was longer and blood loss was lesser in the MILS group; the conversion rate was 3.8%. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar. The 2-year cumulative incidence of local recurrence was noted to be much lower in the MILS group (1.9%) than in the OS group (8.4%). MILS had a significantly low hazard ratio (0.208, p=0.036). CONCLUSION: MILS has potential benefits in reducing local recurrence of low rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
8.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 51, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most evidence regarding lateral lymph node dissection for rectal cancer is from expert settings. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a practice-based cohort. METHODS: A total of 383 patients who were diagnosed with stage II-III mid-to-low rectal cancer between 2010 and 2019 and underwent primary resection with curative intent at a general surgery unit were retrospectively reviewed. After propensity matching, 144 patients were divided into the following groups for short- and long-term outcome evaluation: mesorectal excision with lateral lymph node dissection (n = 72) and mesorectal excision (n = 72). RESULTS: This practice-based cohort was characterized by a high pT4 (41.6%) and R1 resection (10.4%) rate. Although the operative time was longer in the lateral dissection group (349 min vs. 237 min, p < 0.001), postoperative complications (19.4% vs. 16.7%, p = 0.829), and hospital stay (18 days vs. 22 days, p = 0.059) did not significantly differ; 5-year relapse-free survival (62.5% vs. 66.4%, p = 0.378), and cumulative local recurrence (9.7% vs. 15.3%, p = 0.451) were also in the same range in both groups. In the seven locally recurrent cases in the lateral dissection group, four had undergone R1 resection. CONCLUSIONS: Lateral lymph node dissection was found to be safe in this practice-based cohort; however, the local control effect was not obvious. To maximize the potential merits of lateral lymph node dissection, strategies need to be urgently established to avoid R1 resection in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Neoplasias Retais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dissecação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prática Profissional , Pontuação de Propensão , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 405(8): 1139-1145, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Guidelines advocate minimal ileal resection when right hemicolectomy is performed for right-sided colon cancer. The practice, thought to prevent malabsorption syndrome, does not appear to foster local recurrence. Little evidence based on rigorous study exists, however. To understand the pattern of lymphatic spread of right-sided colon cancer toward the small bowel and thus determine the appropriate margin size, we prospectively investigated anatomical distribution of lymph nodes (LNs) in the small bowel mesentery and of metastasis to these nodes in patients with right-sided colon cancer treated by such surgery. METHODS: In each case, the mesenteric specimen, which had been dissected along the ileocolic vessels and included intermediate LNs, was divided into 2 areas: that 0-3 cm from the vessel pedicle (area 1) and that 3-5 cm from the pedicle (area 2). The peri-intestinal mesentery was cut into 9 segments. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were included in the study. Overall, 3366 LNs were dissected. Four hundred fifty-three of these LNs were located in area 1 (90 cases), and 15 (3.3%) were metastatic. Only 63 LNs were located in area 2 (34 cases; average of 0.69 per patient); none was metastatic. Overall, 269 LNs were found in the small bowel mesentery (in 56 of the 91 patients). Only 4 were positive (3 cases), and all were within 5 cm of the ileocecal valve. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that a surgical margin 3 cm from the ileocecal pedicle and a short (5 cm) ileal margin are oncologically reasonable for effective right hemicolectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mesentério/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
10.
Oncol Res Treat ; 43(4): 125-133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic values of the preoperative modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) alone and combined in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) planning to receive curative surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 130 elderly patients (aged ≥80 years) with CRC who received curative surgery between 2008 and 2016. The preoperative mGPS and CEA levels were calculated. RESULTS: Elevated preoperative mGPS or CEA level was significantly associated with shorter relapse-free survival (p = 0.005, both) and cancer-specific survival (p = 0.011 and p < 0.001, respectively). Combined use of these two factors improved the predictive accuracy for tumor recurrence relative to that of either factor. CONCLUSION: Both mGPS and CEA were independent prognostic factors of CRC in elderly patients receiving curative surgery, but their combination was more accurate.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; 10(4): 582-586, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857748

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic power of preoperative imaging for lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) metastasis. A total of 79 patients with advanced lower rectal cancer were preoperatively examined with pelvic enhanced computed tomography and underwent primary resection and LPLN dissection (LPLD) from 2007 to 2014 in our institute. The maximum LPLN was selected to be measured in both the long- and short-axis diameters by picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and was compared with the histopathological results. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify the optimal cut-off scores, and we evaluated the accuracy of the thresholds. Twenty-one patients (26.6%) had LPLN metastasis. In the ROC analysis, the criterion of 7.6 mm or larger in the long-axis diameter was used as the optimal threshold for metastasis (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.938) and the criteria of 5.5 mm or larger in the short axis (AUC = 0.946). On the basis of these cut-off scores, the criteria in the long axis represented 95.2% sensitivity, 91.5% specificity, 83.3% positive predictive value (PPV), 98.2% negative predictive value (NPV), and 93.7% accuracy. In contrast, there was 95.2% sensitivity, 89.7% specificity, 76.9% PPV, 98.1% NPV, and 91.1% accuracy in the short axis. Preoperative PACS imaging was considered an optimal tool for diagnosing LPLN metastasis in patients with advanced lower rectal cancer. It is suggested to become the index for considering LPLD adaptation.

12.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1301-1306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the impact of Beppu's nomogram on colorectal liver metastasis in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 43 patients who underwent primary hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastasis at the Kanagawa Cancer Center from June 2006 to March 2011. The patients were classified as having a Beppu's nomogram score ≤9 (low-risk group) or ≥10 (high-risk group). The risk factors for the disease-free survival (DFS) were identified. RESULTS: The respective DFS rates at 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery were 72.0%, 43.3%, and 17.3% in the low-risk group and 27.8%, 16.7%, and 8.3% in the high-risk group, the difference being significant (p=0.009). The multivariate analysis showed that Beppu's nomogram score ≥10 was a significant independent risk factor for the DFS. CONCLUSION: Beppu's nomogram score was an independent prognostic factor for colorectal liver metastasis in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. Thus, Beppu's nomogram might be a useful tool for predicting the risk of recurrence after hepatectomy, even in the era of newly-developed chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Assistência Perioperatória , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(13): 2500-2502, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156978

RESUMO

Only a few studies have been conducted regarding the palliative radiation therapy(RT)for gastric cancer(GC)bleeding. Data of 9 patients with gastric cancer requiring blood transfusions due to gastric bleeding who were treated with RT were reviewed. All patients were men with a median age of 83(range, 70-91)years. The clinical stage was ⅡB in 2 patients, Ⅲin 1, ⅣA in 1, and ⅣB in 5. Performing gastrectomy was difficult in 4 patients with distant metastasis or tumor invasion to adjacent organ, 3 with poor performance status, and 2 with advanced age. The median hemoglobin levels before RT was 6.0 (range, 3.3-7.7)g/dL, and all patients received blood transfusions before RT. Seven patients received 30 Gy RT and 2 patients received 50 Gy. Two patients received concurrent chemotherapy. A total of 2 hematological and 4 non-hematological treatment-related adverse events occurred. All patients improved conservatively. Hemorrhage occurred in 8 patients, except for 1. Of the 8 patients who responded to RT, 1 had rebleeding on day 81. The median rebleeding-free survival time from the beginning of RT was 125(range, 21-421)days. Palliative radiation therapy was useful for bleeding control in nonresectable gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/radioterapia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Cuidados Paliativos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/radioterapia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(13): 2503-2505, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156979

RESUMO

Laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy(LATG)has several complications early during the introduction of the procedure, so a careful approach is necessary. In this study, we evaluated short-term outcomes after LATG at our hospital. From 2014 to 2017, 21 patients underwent LATG using ENDO-PSI. A 6-cm midline incision was made at the epigastrium, and the abdominal esophagus was transected using ENDO-PSI. The anvil head was fixed with extracorporeal ligation, and an end loop was added to the proximal side of the first suture. Reconstruction was performed with the Roux-en-Y method. The jejunojejunal anastomosis was performed extracorporeally, and esophagojejunostomy was performed using a circular stapler through the small incision. There were 15 men and 6 women, with a mean age of 74 years. The mean operation time was 296 min, and volume of blood loss was 75 mL. The median fasting period was 3(3-10)days, and the postoperative hospitalization period was 12(8-28)days. The postoperative complications were Grade Ⅱ in 4 patients and Grade Ⅲ in 1 patient. The complication due to esophagojejunostomy was anastomotic leakage in 1 patient, while no anastomotic stenosis was found. LATG using ENDO-PSI can be safely performed.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Anastomose em-Y de Roux , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Suturas
15.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(13): 1911-1913, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157010

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of using trans-anal ileus tube and self-expandable metallic stent(SEMS) for obstructive colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2018, 14 patients received trans-anal ileus tube placement (group I)and 34 received SEMS insertion as bridge to surgery(BTS)and underwent primary resection. RESULTS: The technical success rate was 100%in both groups, and the clinical success rate was 85.7%(12/14 cases)in group I and 91.2%(31/34 cases)in group S. In group S, the CROSS score significantly improved, the rates of stoma construction and postoperative complications were significantly lower, and the period until oral intake and hospital discharge was significantly short. CONCLUSION: SEMS insertion is more effective than trans-anal ileus tube placement in terms of short-term outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Íleus , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Humanos , Íleus/etiologia , Íleus/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMC Surg ; 18(1): 11, 2018 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For early detection of cancer, we have previously developed the AminoIndex Cancer Screening (AICS) system, which quantifies 6 plasma-free amino acids (PFAAs) in blood samples. Herein, we examined the usefulness of the AICS in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) by comparing the preoperative and postoperative PFAA profiles. METHODS: Our study cohort consisted of 62 patients who had undergone curative resection for CRC at our cancer center, with no recurrence at the time of the study. Blood samples were collected from fasted patients within 1 week before the resection and at 0.5-6.5 years post-resection. Following plasmapheresis, the PFAA levels were measured via liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, and the AICS values were computed (the higher the value, the greater the probability of cancer). Risk was calculated from the AICS value and ranked as A, B, or C, with rank C representing the highest risk. All patients in our study were rank B + C. RESULTS: The postoperative AICS value was lower than the preoperative value in 57 of the 62 patients; the rank was also lower postoperatively (49 patients, p < 0.001). The decline in both was stage-independent, even occurring in patients with right-sided tumors or poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas. For comparative purposes, the levels of 2 tumor markers (carbohydrate antigen 19-9 and carcinoembryonic antigen) were also examined; these were within the reference ranges in 70-80% of patients preoperatively and in 80-90% postoperatively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that tumor-bearing conditions alter the PFAA profiles, which may be used to predict prognosis and monitor for recurrence in CRC patients after tumor resection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial has been retrospectively registered at UMIN-CTR R000028005 , Oct 06, 2016.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Aminoácidos/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Oncol Lett ; 13(2): 905-911, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28356977

RESUMO

Overall survival remains unsatisfactory in stage II/III gastric cancer, even after curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor-ß (PDGFR-ß) is associated with the proliferation of cancer cells. The present study therefore investigated the association of PDGFR-ß gene expression with patient outcome in 134 stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. Relative PDGFR-ß gene expression was measured in surgical cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa specimens by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The PDGFR-ß gene expression levels were found to be significantly higher in the cancer tissues compared with the adjacent normal mucosa. A high level of PDGFR-ß gene expression was associated with a significantly poorer 5-year overall survival rate compared with a low level of PDGFR-ß expression. Upon multivariate analysis, PDGFR-ß gene expression was found to be an independent predictor of survival. Overall, the study indicates that PDGFR-ß overexpression in gastric cancer tissues is a useful independent predictor of outcome in patients with stage II/III gastric cancer who receive adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.

18.
Anticancer Res ; 36(5): 2467-74, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27127159

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to confirm the predictive/prognostic value of the preadjuvant Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 level in pancreatic cancer patients receiving adjuvant gemcitabine (GEM) after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 67 resected pancreatic cancer patients, treated with adjuvant GEM, were included. The GPS and CA19-9 level were calculated prior to administration of adjuvant therapy and were found to correlate with the outcomes and rate of early recurrence. RESULTS: An elevated preadjuvant GPS or CA19-9 level was significantly associated with a shorter overall survival (OS) (p=0.003 and p<0.001, respectively). Either an elevated GPS or CA19-9 level predicted early recurrence and the combined use of these two factors improved the ability to predict early recurrence, with a specificity and accuracy up to 0.958 and 0.821, respectively. CONCLUSION: Both an elevated preadjuvant GPS and CA19-9 level, when used alone, are significant predictors of poor outcomes in pancreatic cancer patients receiving adjuvant GEM. The combined use of these parameters improves the ability to predict early recurrence in such patients.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia
19.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 43(12): 2268-2270, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28133291

RESUMO

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor(IMT)is a rare neoplasm. IMTs are found in a number of locations throughout the body, but splenic involvement is uncommon. One case of splenic IMT is described. A 42-year-old woman presented with anterior chest pain and was found to have a splenic mass by computed tomography(CT). Fluorine-18-FDG-PET showed no FDG accumulation in the spleen. Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)at 6 months follow-up showed an increase in the size of the tumor. We performed splenectomy for a suspected malignant tumor. The surgical specimen was a gray-white mass in the spleen. The mass was histopathologically diagnosed as primary splenic IMT because it consisted of desmin- and SMA-positive spindle-shaped cells with various inflammatory cells. In Japan, only 6 cases(including this case)of primary splenic IMT have been reported. Surgery is the only curative approach, but recurrences occur in around 5% of cases of pulmonary IMT, and around 25% of cases of extrapulmonary IMT. This patient needs to be carefully followed up.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esplênicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem Multimodal , Neoplasias de Tecido Muscular/cirurgia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Esplenectomia , Neoplasias Esplênicas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 43(12): 2359-2361, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28133321

RESUMO

We report a case of duodenal liposarcoma. A 62-year-old man presented with an abdominal tumor. Abdominal CT scan and MRI showed a tumor in the wall of the duodenum. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The final pathological diagnosis was mixed-type liposarcoma. Twenty-one months after the 1st surgery, the patient presented with locoregional recurrence and tumor resection was performed. However, 12 months after the 2nd operation, the patient again presented with locoregional recurrence and further surgery is planned.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Lipossarcoma , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Humanos , Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Recidiva
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