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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(20): 2281-2290, 2018 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29540327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthracycline (ANT) chemotherapy is associated with cardiotoxicity. Prevention with ß-blockers remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study sought to evaluate the role of carvedilol in preventing ANT cardiotoxicity. METHODS: The authors randomized 200 patients with HER2-negative breast cancer tumor status and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) referred for ANT (240 mg/m2) to receive carvedilol or placebo until chemotherapy completion. The primary endpoint was prevention of a ≥10% reduction in LVEF at 6 months. Secondary outcomes were effects of carvedilol on troponin I, B-type natriuretic peptide, and diastolic dysfunction. RESULTS: Primary endpoint occurred in 14 patients (14.5%) in the carvedilol group and 13 patients (13.5%) in the placebo group (p = 1.0). No differences in changes of LVEF or B-type natriuretic peptide were noted between groups. A significant difference existed between groups in troponin I levels over time, with lower levels in the carvedilol group (p = 0.003). Additionally, a lower incidence of diastolic dysfunction was noted in the carvedilol group (p = 0.039). A nonsignificant trend toward a less-pronounced increase in LV end-diastolic diameter during the follow-up was noted in the carvedilol group (44.1 ± 3.64 mm to 45.2 ± 3.2 mm vs. 44.9 ± 3.6 mm to 46.4 ± 4.0 mm; p = 0.057). CONCLUSIONS: In this largest clinical trial of ß-blockers for prevention of cardiotoxicity under contemporary ANT dosage, the authors noted a 13.5% to 14.5% incidence of cardiotoxicity. In this scenario, carvedilol had no impact on the incidence of early onset of LVEF reduction. However, the use of carvedilol resulted in a significant reduction in troponin levels and diastolic dysfunction. (Carvedilol Effect in Preventing Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicity [CECCY]; NCT01724450).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Carvedilol/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
2.
Int J Cardiol ; 108(1): 43-7, 2006 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15925417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The process of aortic degeneration associated with calcified aortic stenosis shares many similarities with coronary artery atherosclerosis. Inflammation and infection are involved in both diseases. Chlamydia pneumoniae has been identified in atherosclerotic plaques. However, the studies about the presence of C. pneumoniae in degenerative aortic stenotic valves are not conclusive. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether an association exists between the density of C. pneumoniae and fibrosis or calcification in aortic stenosis. DESIGN: Autopsy and surgical specimens were divided into 3 groups: Normal, 11 normal autopsy valves Atherosclerosis, 10 autopsy valves from patients with systemic atherosclerosis and no aortic stenosis and Aortic stenosis, 14 surgical specimens of aortic valves replaced due to aortic stenosis. SETTING: Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School. PATIENTS: Aortic valves from patients aged 52+/-16 years, 69+/-9 years, and 71+/-8 years. INTERVENTION: Specimens were evaluated by immunohistochemical technique (to detect C. pneumoniae antigens), in situ hybridization, and electron microscopy (to quantify the density of C. pneumoniae in the valves). MEASUREMENTS: The aortic stenosis group was analyzed according to 3 subregions: aortic stenosis-preserved, peripheral preserved regions; aortic stenosis-fibrosis, peri-calcified fibrotic tissue; and aortic stenosis-calcification, calcified nodules. RESULTS: The median values of C. pneumoniae antigens were 0.09, 0.30, 0.18, 1.33, and 3.3 in groups Normal, Atherosclerosis, Aortic stenosis-preserved, Aortic stenosis-fibrosis, and Aortic stenosis-calcification, respectively. The amount of C. pneumoniae was greater in the Atherosclerosis and Aortic stenosis-calcification groups than in the Normal group (P<0.05). C. pneumoniae was greater in the Aortic stenosis group in the calcified and fibrotic regions than in preserved region (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: An association was found between the higher density of C. pneumoniae and fibrosis/calcification in stenotic aortic valves.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/microbiologia , Calcinose/microbiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/complicações , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Cadáver , Calcinose/patologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/patologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/imunologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Microscopia Eletrônica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 84(6): 443-8, 2005 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16007307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) are present in aortic valve stenosis (AS). METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was utilized to identify CP antigens, in situ hybridization to identify MP DNA, and electron microscopy was used to evaluate the following three groups: Normal - 11 normal autopsy valves; Atherosclerosis - 10 autopsy valves from patients with systemic atherosclerosis and no AS; and AS - 14 surgical specimens of AS analyzed in 3 sub-regions: AS-Preserved - peripheral, preserved regions; AS-Fibrosis - peri-calcified fibrotic tissue; and AS-Calcification - calcified nodules. RESULTS: The positive area fraction of CP antigen median values were 0.09, 0.30, 0.18, 1.33, and 3.3 in groups Normal, Atherosclerosis, AS-Preserved, AS-Fibrosis, and AS-Calcification, respectively. CP density was significantly greater in Atherosclerosis and AS-Calcification than in Normal (P<0.05). Within the AS group, the amount of CP was greater in the Calcification and Fibrosis regions (P<0.05). MP-DNA positive area fraction (median values) were 0.12, 0.44, 0.07, 0.36, and 1.52 in groups Normal, Atherosclerosis, AS-Preserved, AS-Fibrosis, and AS-Calcification, respectively. The amount of MP-DNA was greater in AS-Calcification than in Normal (P<0.05). Within the AS group, MP-DNA was in larger quantity in the Calcification and Fibrosis regions (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: AS Calcified nodes present higher concentration of CP and MP suggesting that these bacteria may be associated with the development of calcification and inflammation. This adds novel similarities between AS and the atherosclerosis process, which may have infection mechanisms involved.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/microbiologia , Calcinose/microbiologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Idoso , Antígenos de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/complicações , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/imunologia
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 84(6): 443-448, jun. 2005. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-420003

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Investigar se chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) ou mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) estão presentes na estenose da valva aórtica (EA). MÉTODOS: Imuno-histoquímica foi utilizada para identificar os antígenos de CP (Ag-CP), a hibridizacão in situ para identificar o DNA de MP, e microscopia eletrônica para avaliacão dos dois agentes, nos grupos: normal - 11 valvas normais de autópsia; aterosclerose - 10 valvas de pacientes com aterosclerose sistêmica de autópsia e sem EA; e EA - 14 espécimes cirúrgicos provenientes de pacientes com EA analisados em 3 sub-regiões: EA-preservada - regiões mais preservadas na periferia da valva; EA-fibrose - tecido fibrótico peri-calcificacão; e EA-calcificacão - nódulos calcificados. RESULTADOS: As medianas da fracão de área positiva para Ag-CP foram 0,09; 0,30; 0,18; 1,33; e 3,3 nos grupos acima descritos, respectivamente. A densidade de CP foi significativamente maior nos grupos aterosclerose e EA-calcificacão em relacão ao normal (p<0,05). Dentro do grupo EA, a quantidade de CP foi maior nas regiões de fibrose e calcificacão (p<0,05). As fracões de área positivas para MP-DNA (medianas) foram 0,12; 0,44; 0,07; 0,36; e 1,52 nos grupos acima descritos, respectivamente. A quantidade de MP-DNA foi maior na EA-calcificacão em relacão ao normal (p<0,05). Dentro do grupo EA, maior quantidade de MP-DNA foi encontrada nas regiões de calcificacão e fibrose (p<0,05). CONCLUSAO: Os nódulos de calcificacão da EA tinham maior concentracão de CP e MP sugerindo que essas bactérias possam estar associadas ao desenvolvimento de calcificacão e inflamacão, apontando novas semelhancas entre os processos de EA e aterosclerose, que podem ter mecanismos infecciosos envolvidos.


Assuntos
Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/microbiologia , Calcinose/microbiologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Antígenos de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Arteriosclerose/microbiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/complicações , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/imunologia , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/imunologia
5.
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo ; 44(4): 209-12, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12219112

RESUMO

Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS) has been explained as an atherosclerotic process of the valve as they often exhibit inflammatory changes with infiltration of macrophages, T lymphocytes and lipid infiltration. The present study investigated whether the bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), detected previously in atherosclerotic plaques, are also present in AVS. Ten valves surgically removed from patients with AVS were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and electron microscopy. The mean and standard deviation of the percentage areas occupied by CP antigens and MP - DNA were respectively 6.21 +/- 5.41 and 2.27 +/- 2.06 in calcified foci; 2.8 +/- 3.33 and 1.78+/- 3.63 in surrounding fibrotic areas, and 0.21 +/- 0.17 and 0.12 +/- 0.13 in less injured parts of the valve. There was higher amount of CP and MP in the calcified foci and in the surrounded fibrosis than in more preserved valvular regions. In conclusion, the fact that there were greater amounts of CP and MP in calcification foci of AVS favors the hypothesis that AS is not an inevitable degenerative process due to aging, but rather that it may be a response to the presence of these bacteria, similarly to the morphology detected in atherosclerosis damage.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/microbiologia , Calcinose/microbiologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Calcinose/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ
6.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 44(4): 209-212, July-Aug. 2002. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-321222

RESUMO

Aortic Valve Stenosis (AVS) has been explained as an atherosclerotic process of the valve as they often exhibit inflammatory changes with infiltration of macrophages, T lymphocytes and lipid infiltration. The present study investigated whether the bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), detected previously in atherosclerotic plaques, are also present in AVS. Ten valves surgically removed from patients with AVS were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and electron microscopy. The mean and standard deviation of the percentage areas occupied by CP antigens and MP - DNA were respectively 6.21 +/- 5.41 and 2.27 +/- 2.06 in calcified foci; 2.8 +/- 3.33 and 1.78+/- 3.63 in surrounding fibrotic areas, and 0.21 +/- 0.17 and 0.12 +/- 0.13 in less injured parts of the valve. There was higher amount of CP and MP in the calcified foci and in the surrounded fibrosis than in more preserved valvular regions. In conclusion, the fact that there were greater amounts of CP and MP in calcification foci of AVS favors the hypothesis that AS is not an inevitable degenerative process due to aging, but rather that it may be a response to the presence of these bacteria, similarly to the morphology detected in atherosclerosis damage


Assuntos
Humanos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Calcinose , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Calcinose , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ
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