Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 51
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692334

RESUMO

A fluorophore encapsulated in a metal-organic framework showed photochromic multicolour fluorescence. Irradiation with an ultraviolet laser induced the relocation of the fluorophore from a polar to a nonpolar environment, altering the emission from red to blue. This change in emission color can be repeatably recovered by heating the fluorophore-MOF composite.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662185

RESUMO

Metal node design is crucial for obtaining structurally diverse coordination polymers (CPs) and metal-organic frameworks with desirable properties; however, Fe(II) ions are exclusively six-coordinated. Herein, we present a cyanide-bridged three-dimensional (3D) CP, FePd(CN)4, bearing four-coordinate Fe(II) ions, which is synthesized by thermal treatment of a two-dimensional (2D) six-coordinate Fe(II) CP, Fe(H2O)2Pd(CN)4·4H2O, to remove water molecules. Atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy and powder X-ray and neutron diffraction measurements revealed that the FePd(CN)4 structure is composed of a two-fold interpenetrated PtS topology network, where the Fe(II) center demonstrates an intermediate geometry between tetrahedral and square-planar coordination. This four-coordinate Fe(II) center with the distorted geometry can act as a thermo-responsive "flexible" node in the PtS network.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 49(27): 9438-9443, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597427

RESUMO

Methods relying on the use of solid solutions can be used to produce solid materials having finely controlled physical properties. In the current investigation, we utilized this protocol to prepare solid solutions derived from two different Werner complexes in order to assess the effects of component ratios on acetone vapor adsorption properties. For this purpose, microcrystalline solid solutions with the basic elemental composition α-[Cu(PF6)2(py)4]x[Cu(CF3SO3)2(py)4]1-x (x = 0.75 and 0.5) (α-PAC-2-PF6/CF3SO3(x = 0.75 and 0.5), py = pyridine) were prepared by hexane induced precipitation of acetone solutions of [Cu(PF6)2(py)4] (PAC-2-PF6) and [Cu(CF3SO3)2(py)4] (PAC-2-CF3SO3). The results of acetone sorption isotherm measurements show that gate opening and closing pressures of the solid solutions are dependent on the composition ratios of PAC-2-CF3SO3 and PAC-2-PF6. Specifically, an increase in CF3SO3- anion content induces weakening of the interactions with acetone as a consequence of expansion of lattice constants and also strengthening host-host interactions. These effects cause an increase in gate opening and closing pressures.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986002

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks with open metal sites are promising materials for gas separations. Particularly, the M2(dobdc) (dobdc4- = 2,5-dioxidobenzenedicarboxylate, M2+ = Co2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, ...) framework has been the Drosophila of this research field and has delivered groundbreaking results in terms of sorption selectivity. However, many studies focus on perfect two-component mixtures and use theoretical models, e.g., the ideal adsorbed solution theory, to calculate selectivities. Within this work, we shed light on the comparability of these selectivities with values obtained from propane/propene multicomponent measurements on the prototypical Co2(dobdc) framework, and we study the impact of impurities like water on the selectivity. Despite the expected capacity loss, the presence of water does not necessarily lead to a decreased selectivity. Density functional theory calculations of the binding energies prove that the water molecules adsorbed to the metal centers introduce new binding sites for the adsorbates.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 59(2): 1193-1203, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825598

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are known as promising adsorbent materials that can recognize gases specifically. In the frameworks, gases favor interacting with specific binding sites such as open metal sites (OMSs), which can consist of various metals and show characteristic adsorption properties. A recently reported framework possessing OMSs of rhodium paddle-wheel (Rh-PW) showed distinct adsorption properties between NO and CO. We investigated theoretically the reasons for stronger NO binding to the Rh-PW and different adsorption amounts between NO and CO using Rh-PW cluster models, as well as the frequently reported Cu-PW for comparison. We also analyzed the cases of CO2 and N2, which are often used to probe functions of MOFs. We observed an increase in binding energy of NO at the second adduction of NO. On the basis of energy decomposition analysis, we found that Rh-NO bond formation inducing a trans influence is important for the stronger binding than with CO. Furthermore, we proposed a reason for twice the adsorption amount of NO than CO. The results are consistent with experimental observations, giving us insight into design functions of MOFs by selecting metal species.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(40): 15742-15746, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550888

RESUMO

Reaction in well-designed solids allows yielding products with high selectivity and unique compounds that cannot be obtained in solution. However, the precise tuning of the arrangement of reactants in solids for the versatile application of solid-phase reactions remains a challenging subject. Here, a [2 + 2] photocyclization reaction at different positions of the carbon-carbon bonds is described in which the spatial arrangement of 4-styrylpyridines (4-spy) is changed by guest molecules in a flexible metal-organic framework. The 4-spy molecules undergo photodimerization between two carbon-carbon double bonds in the guest-free framework, whereas a reaction between olefinic and aromatic carbon-carbon bonds or the absence of reaction takes place in the solvent-incorporated form. This reactivity, which can be termed as "dynamic topochemistry" contributes to enforce the applicability of solid-phase reactions in synthetic chemistry.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(39): 15649-15655, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491075

RESUMO

A layered metal-organic framework (MOF) comprising extra-large nanographene sheets, HBCMOF, was successfully synthesized using a dicarboxylic acid derivative of hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene (HBCLH2), and its structure was characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The crystal structure shows that 2D layers composed of a dinuclear Zn2+ complex unit and HBCL are located on top of each other through multiple weak interlayer bonds, affording HBCMOF, having three dimensionally connected nanopores with large nanographene surfaces. The HBC-based nanographene sheets are anchored to the MOF framework via two zinc carboxylate linkages and therefore have an axial rotational freedom. The sorption isotherms of gaseous molecules such as carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons (acetylene, propane, propylene, benzene, and cyclohexane) on HBCMOF all displayed a hysteretic profile with reversible structural changes, as observed by in situ powder X-ray diffraction studies.

8.
Science ; 365(6450): 272-276, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320538

RESUMO

The generation of topologically complex nanocarbons can spur developments in science and technology. However, conventional synthetic routes to interlocked molecules require heteroatoms. We report the synthesis of catenanes and a molecular trefoil knot consisting solely of para-connected benzene rings. Characteristic fluorescence of a heterocatenane associated with fast energy transfer between two rings was observed, and the topological chirality of the all-benzene knot was confirmed by enantiomer separation and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The seemingly rigid all-benzene knot has rapid vortex-like motion in solution even at -95°C, resulting in averaged nuclear magnetic resonance signals for all hydrogen atoms. This interesting dynamic behavior of the knot was theoretically predicted and could stimulate deeper understanding and applications of these previously untapped classes of topological molecular nanocarbons.

9.
J Comput Chem ; 40(23): 2036-2042, 2019 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095769

RESUMO

Attracted by the numerous regulatory functions of double-helical biopolymers such as DNA, many researchers have synthesized various double-helical systems. A recently synthesized double-stranded helical oligomer covalently bridged by rotary boronate esters (BBDD) was shown to undergo helix-inversion that might serve as platform to design rotor systems. However, the detailed helix-inversion mechanism could not be investigated experimentally. Direct molecular dynamics simulations based on density-functional tight-binding energies and gradients computed on-the-fly reveal that disentanglement to the unraveled form and following exchange of the twisted terminal trimethylsilyl (TMS) groups are prerequisites for the observed helix-inversion. The potential of mean force confirms that the originally assumed "concurrent" rotation of the boronate esters and the helix-inversion involves shorter time scale "step-wise" processes, triggered by the disentanglement and exchange of the TMS groups. These results indicate that inversion dynamics of double-helical molecules such as BBDD may be controllable by chemical fine-tuning of the terminal groups. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

10.
Chemistry ; 25(30): 7303-7307, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916444

RESUMO

The self-assembly of an amide-functionalized dithienyldiketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) dye in aqueous media was achieved through seed-initiated supramolecular polymerization. Temperature- and time-dependent studies showed that the spontaneous polymerization of the DPP derivative was temporally delayed upon cooling the monomer solution in a methanol/water mixture. Theoretical calculations revealed that an amide-functionalized DPP derivative adopts an energetically favorable folded conformation in the presence of water molecules due to hydration. This conformational change is most likely responsible for the trapping of monomers in the initial stage of the cooperative supramolecular polymerization in aqueous media. However, the monomeric species can selectively interact with externally added fragmented aggregates as seeds through concerted π-stacking and hydrogen-bonding interactions. Consequently, the time course of the supramolecular polymerization and the morphology of the aggregated state can be controlled, and one-dimensional fibers that exhibit a J-aggregate-like bathochromically shifted absorption band can be obtained.

11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1457, 2019 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926811

RESUMO

Deracemization is a powerful method by which a racemic mixture can be transformed into an excess of one enantiomer with the aid of chiral auxiliaries, but has been applied only to small chiral molecular systems. Here we report a deracemization of a racemic double-stranded spiroborate helicate containing a bisporphyrin unit upon encapsulation of chiral aromatic guests between the bisporphyrin. The chiral guest-included helicate is kinetically stable, existing as a mixture of right- and left-handed double helices, which eventually undergo an inversion of the helicity triggered by water resulting from the water-mediated reversible diastereoselective B-O bond cleavage/reformation of the spiroborate groups, thus producing an optically-active helicate with a high enantioselectivity. Quantum chemical calculations suggest that the stereospecific CH-π interactions between the porphyrin hydrogen atoms of the helicate and an aromatic pendant group of the chiral guest play a key role in the enhancement of the helical handedness of the helicate.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(23): 12112-12120, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888388

RESUMO

Nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) has been intensively studied for tailoring the electronic property of the graphene, because different nitrogen configurations influence the electronic properties of N-graphene in different ways. However, atomically precise control of the nitrogen configurations during the doping process remains a challenge in the synthesis of N-graphene. Moreover, additional structural transformations of the graphene carbon network structure as a side-effect of plasma doping are little understood and are as of yet uncontrollable. Therefore, we theoretically investigated the nitrogen doping process of graphene for a range of nitrogen atom incident kinetic energies in nonequilibrium quantum chemical molecular dynamics (QM/MD) simulations. We observed and characterized prominent configurations of N-containing graphene. In analogy to similar, earlier studies of graphene plasma hydrogenation, we observed an Eley-Rideal associative desorption mechanism during the graphene plasma nitrogenation, producing molecular nitrogen. Especially for graphitic-N (Gr-N) and Stone-Wales-defect-N (SW-N) configurations, which are frequently observed in experimental studies, we discovered two typical chemical reaction mechanisms which were well categorized by two key processes: adsorption of primary nitrogen dopant and collision with a secondary nitrogen dopant. We discussed effects of the incident nitrogen energy on the formation mechanism, and propose a method to generate of Gr-N and SW-N configurations selectively by tuning the conditions with respect to the two key formation processes.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 48(21): 7198-7202, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30637432

RESUMO

The 2D coordination polymers, [Mn(salen)]2[PtII(CN)4]1-x[PtIV(CN)4(I2)]x (salen = N,N'-ethylenebis(salicylideneaminato), x = 0.18 (1), 0.45 (2), 0.85 (3)), have been synthesized via consecutive oxidative additions of iodine to the 2D undulating layers in [Mn(salen)]2[PtII(CN)4]. The presence of I-Pt-I chains perpendicular to the layers and the inhomogeneity of individual I-Pt-I sites were demonstrated. The I-Pt-I chains in 3 give rise to an absorption band involving the excitation that arises from an antibonding nature orbital to the corresponding bonding nature orbital between iodides in the I-Pt-I bridging units. Moreover, variable-temperature X-ray powder diffraction patterns and Raman spectra for 1 and 2 indicate that some I-Pt-I sites display different vibrational energies that are associated with the contraction of the zigzag 2D layers.

14.
J Comput Chem ; 40(2): 375-380, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548651

RESUMO

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) utilizing metal cluster nanoparticle catalysts is commonly used to synthesize carbon nanotubes (CNT), with oxygen-containing species such as water or alcohol included in the feedstock for enhanced yield. However, the etching effect of these additives on the growth mechanism has rarely been investigated, despite evidence suggesting that etching potentially affects the chirality distribution of product CNTs. We used quantum chemical methods to study how water-based etchant radicals (OH and H) may enhance the chiral selectivity during CVD growth using CNT cap models. Chemical reactivities of the caps with the etchant radicals were evaluated using density functional theory (DFT). It was found that the reactivities on the cap edges correlate with the chirality of the caps. These results suggest that proper selection of etchant species can provide opportunities for selective chirality control of the product CNTs. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 48(8): 2545-2548, 2019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570640

RESUMO

Herein, we developed isostructural metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) [Cu1-xPdx(SiF6)(bpy)2] (bpy: 4,4'-bipyridine) (SIFSIX-1-CuPd-3, -5 and -10) containing open metal sites using a partial metal-replacement approach. Starting from the SIFSIX-1-Cu-type MOF, some of the Cu2+ ions having octahedral geometry were successfully replaced with Pd2+ ions having square planar geometry in different ratios, while the framework structure was maintained. The results showed that gas adsorption properties of SIFSIX-1-Cu-type MOFs can be tuned via partial metal replacement.

16.
Science ; 362(6420): 1301-1305, 2018 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30545887

RESUMO

The parasitic plant Striga hermonthica has been causing devastating damage to the crop production in Africa. Because Striga requires host-generated strigolactones to germinate, the identification of selective and potent strigolactone agonists could help control these noxious weeds. We developed a selective agonist, sphynolactone-7, a hybrid molecule originated from chemical screening, that contains two functional modules derived from a synthetic scaffold and a core component of strigolactones. Cooperative action of these modules in the activation of a high-affinity strigolactone receptor ShHTL7 allows sphynolactone-7 to provoke Striga germination with potency in the femtomolar range. We demonstrate that sphynolactone-7 is effective for reducing Striga parasitism without impinging on host strigolactone-related processes.


Assuntos
Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Herbicidas/farmacologia , Lactonas/metabolismo , Plantas Daninhas/efeitos dos fármacos , Striga/efeitos dos fármacos , Produtos Agrícolas , Herbicidas/química , Plantas Daninhas/fisiologia , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Striga/crescimento & desenvolvimento
17.
Langmuir ; 34(35): 10243-10249, 2018 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099877

RESUMO

Monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is an atomically thin semiconducting material with a direct band gap. This physical property is attributable to atomically thin optical devices such as sensors, light-emitting devices, and photovoltaic cells. Recently, a near-unity photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield of a monolayer MoS2 was demonstrated via a treatment with a molecular acid, bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide (TFSI); however, the mechanism still remains a mystery. Here, we work on PL enhancement of monolayer MoS2 by treatment of Brønsted acids (TFSI and sulfuric acid (H2SO4)) to identify the importance of the protonated environment. In TFSI as an acid, different solvents-1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), acetonitrile, and water-were studied, as they show quite different acidity in solution. All of the solvents showed PL enhancement, and the highest was observed in DCE. This behavior in DCE would be due to the higher acidity than others have. Acids from different anions can also be studied in water as a common solvent. Both TFSI and H2SO4 showed similar PL enhancement (∼4-8 enhancement) at the same proton concentration, indicating that the proton is a key factor to enhance the PL intensity. Finally, we considered another cation, Li+ from Li2SO4, instead of H2SO4, in water. Although Li and H atoms showed similar binding energy on MoS2 from theoretical calculations, Li2SO4 treatment showed little PL enhancement; only coexisting H2SO4 reproduced the enhancement. This study demonstrated the importance of a protonated environment to increase the PL intensity of monolayer MoS2. The study will lead to a solution to achieve high optical quality and to implementation for atomically thin optical devices.

18.
Chemistry ; 24(44): 11503-11510, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846021

RESUMO

The sulfur-containing nine-membered heterocycle thiacyclononene (TN) was evaluated as a new type of end-capping group for π-conjugated systems. A systematic study on TN-capped α-oligothiophenes (TNnTs; n=4-7) revealed that the capping with TN, which adopts a bent conformation, imparts the resulting oligothiophenes with drastically increased solubility at approximately 140 °C and high electrochemical stability, whereas the electronic structure remains virtually unperturbed. The even-numbered oligothiophenes TN4T and TN6T form characteristic offset herringbone-type packing structures on account of the steric repulsion between the TN rings and the presence of intermolecular nonbonding S⋅⋅⋅S interactions. This packing mode in combination with the high solubility enabled the solution-process fabrication of field-effect transistors based on TN6T, which exhibited a high performance without degradation even upon exposure to air.

19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 2333, 2018 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402969

RESUMO

Precise fabrication of molecular assemblies on a solid surface has long been of central interest in surface science. Their perfectly oriented growth only along a desired in-plane direction, however, remains a challenge, because of the thermodynamical equivalence of multiple axis directions on a solid-surface lattice. Here we demonstrate the successful fabrication of an in-plane, unidirectional molecular assembly on graphene. Our methodology relies on nanomechanical symmetry breaking effects under atomic force microscopy tip scanning, which has never been used in molecular alignment. Individual one-dimensional (1D) molecular assemblies were aligned along a selected symmetry axis of the graphene lattice under finely-tuned scanning conditions after removing initially-adsorbed molecules. Experimental statistics and computational simulations suggest that the anisotropic tip scanning locally breaks the directional equivalence of the graphene surface, which enables nucleation of the unidirectional 1D assemblies. Our findings will open new opportunities in the molecular alignment control on various atomically flat surfaces.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 46(44): 15200-15203, 2017 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29072736

RESUMO

[Zn2(FDC)2(bpy)] (LMOF-202) and [Zn2(OFDC)2(bpy)] (LMOF-201) (FDC: fluorene-2,7-dicarboxylate, OFDC: 9-fluorenone-2,7-dicarboxylate, bpy: 4,4'-bipyridine) have interpenetrated isostructures. However, their gas sorption behaviors indicate that LMOF-202 is rigid, whereas LMOF-201 is flexible. We found that the structural flexibility of LMOF-201 was due to the addition of only one oxygen atom into the ligand.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA