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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ACURATE neo™ is a novel, second-generation self-expanding supra-annular transcatheter heart valve (THV). The objective of this multi-centre registry is to assess the safety, clinical utility, and impact of 'learning-curve-experience' (LCE) on transcatheter aortic valve replacement outcomes in the United Kingdom (UK) and Ireland. METHODS: We prospectively collected data from seven ACURATE neo™ THV implanting centres (n = 484) between February 2016 and November 2020. We compared mortality rates and outcomes in the LCE group (n = 120) compared to next successive 120 cases. RESULTS: The mean age of the cohort was 81.9(SD: 6.1) years and the majority were in the moderate risk category (EuroSCORE-II):3.3(SD: 3). The 97.5% of cases were performed under local anesthetic. The valve was successfully deployed in 98.8% of cases. The survival rate at 30 days was 97.9%. The incidence of stroke was 2.5%. Life threatening bleeding occurred in 0.6% of cases and vascular access complications occurred in 21 (4.3%) patients. Implantation-related conduction abnormalities occurred in 8.3% but only 5.6% required a PPM. The successful valve deployment occurred in 96% of the patients in the LCE group compared to 100% in the other group (p = 0.04; OR-2[CI 1.7-2.3]). The mortality rates at 30 days (1.7% vs. 1.7%) and 1 year (1.9% vs. 2.7%) were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the largest published UK and Ireland real-world experience of the ACURATE neo™ valve. The procedural success rates and safety outcomes were excellent and endorse its utility in clinical practice. The LCE appears to have an impact on the successful valve deployment but without translating into short-term or long-term outcomes.

2.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the presence of a thrombus contraindicates left atrial appendage closure procedure (LAAC), a previous study reported the feasibility of the thrombus trapping procedure (TTP) technique to overcome this limitation. AIMS: This study aimed to analyse the short-term outcomes in a series of patients who underwent LAAC using the TTP (TTP-LAAC). METHODS: This retrospective series included patients who underwent TTP-LAAC between January 2018 and May 2020 in 13 European centres. Device choice, pre-interventional work-up and post-discharge antithrombotic therapy regimens were left to the discretion of the operators. The primary endpoint was the 30-day occurrence of stroke, systemic embolism or cardiovascular death. RESULTS: During the study period, a total of 1,918 patients underwent LAAC. A thrombus was identified in 71 cases but completely disappeared in 24 patients before procedure. TTP-LAAC was finally performed in 53 cases (3%). Thrombi were identified ahead of the actual day of implantation in 47 patients (87 %) and were mostly limited in size (50 cases with extension <50% LAA surface). The Amplatzer Amulet and WATCHMAN FLX occluders were implanted in 44 and 9 patients, respectively. A single deployment approach was applied in 70% and a cerebral embolic protection system was used in 9% of the patients. The overall success rate was 100%. Small pericardial effusion without tamponade was observed in 6% of the cases. Patients were discharged with 72% under antiplatelet therapy and 10% under short-term oral anticoagulation. The primary endpoint occurred in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: TTP-LAAC might be used in a minority of LAAC procedures but appears to be feasible and safe in the short-term, in select cases.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the occurrence of postprocedural atrial fibrillation (AF) among patients with cryptogenic stroke undergoing patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in the REDUCE clinical study and analyze for potential risk factors for the development of postprocedural AF. BACKGROUND: AF is an adverse event that might potentially counterbalance the stroke prevention benefit from PFO closure. Data on AF after transcatheter PFO closure are sparse. METHODS: We evaluated data from patients having PFO closure (Gore HELEX or Gore Cardioform Septal Occluder) in the REDUCE clinical trial (n = 408) in at post hoc explorative analysis. Median follow-up was 5.0 years. RESULTS: AF occurred in 30 patients (7.4%) after PFO closure with a total of 34 AF events. Most were reported as non-serious (68%), detected within 45 days post-procedure (79%), and resolved within 2 weeks of onset (63%). One subject with AF had recurrent stroke. Postprocedural AF occurred more frequently among subjects with higher age and large device sizes. Male sex was the only independent predictor of postprocedural AF. We found no association between the type of occluder (HELEX or Gore Cardioform Septal Occluder) or PFO anatomical characteristics and post-procedural AF. CONCLUSION: In the REDUCE clinical study, postprocedural atrial fibrillation was mostly early onset, transient and with no later recurrence. Postprocedural AF occurred more frequently among patients with higher age and larger devices. Male sex was the only independent predictor of postprocedural AF.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617993

RESUMO

AIMS: The SYNTAX II study evaluated the impact of advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), integrated into a single revascularization strategy, on outcomes of patients with de novo three-vessel disease. The study employed decision-making utilizing the SYNTAX score II, use of coronary physiology, thin-strut biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents, intravascular ultrasound, enhanced treatments of chronic total occlusions, and optimized medical therapy. Patients treated with this approach were compared with predefined patients from the SYNTAX I trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: SYNTAX II was a multicentre, single-arm, open-label study of patients requiring revascularization who demonstrated clinical equipoise for treatment with either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or PCI, predicted by the SYNTAX score II. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), which included any revascularization. The comparators were a matched PCI cohort trial and a matched CABG cohort, both from the SYNTAX I trial. At 5 years, MACCE rate in SYNTAX II was significantly lower than in the SYNTAX I PCI cohort (21.5% vs. 36.4%, P < 0.001). This reflected lower rates of revascularization (13.8% vs. 23.8%, P < 0.001), and myocardial infarction (MI) (2.7% vs. 10.4%, P < 0.001), consisting of both procedural MI (0.2% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.001) and spontaneous MI (2.3% vs. 6.9%, P = 0.004). All-cause mortality was lower in SYNTAX II (8.1% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.013) reflecting a lower rate of cardiac death (2.8% vs. 8.4%, P < 0.001). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events' outcomes at 5 years among patients in SYNTAX II and predefined patients in the SYNTAX I CABG cohort were similar (21.5% vs. 24.6%, P = 0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Use of the SYNTAX II PCI strategy in patients with de novo three-vessel disease led to improved and durable clinical results when compared to predefined patients treated with PCI in the original SYNTAX I trial. A predefined exploratory analysis found no significant difference in MACCE between SYNTAX II PCI and matched SYNTAX I CABG patients at 5-year follow-up.

5.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2021: 6955791, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602869

RESUMO

Objectives: The purpose of our survey is to analyze the clinical approach used by interventional and imaging cardiologists to diagnose, treat, and follow-up patients with PFO-related left circulation thromboembolism in different parts of the world with particular emphasis on adherence to current guidelines. Background: Firm guidelines do not cover many aspects of PFO-related patient care. Consequently, very disparate approaches exist among clinicians in the real-world. Methods: A 24-item electronic questionnaire was sent directly to experienced cardiology specialists practicing at consultant/attending positions directly involved in PFO closure management in the United States, United Kingdom, Gulf countries, and other countries. There were no unanswered questions. Responses were recorded between October 2019 and July 2020. Results: Seventy-one responses were obtained: 31 from the UK, 19 from the US, 16 from Gulf countries, 2 from Poland, and 1 response from Australia, Italy, and Switzerland. The overall response rate was 76%. Significant differences between regions were noted in the duration of ECG monitoring during the diagnostic process, PFO closure for left circulation thromboembolism other than stroke/transient ischemic attack, and intraoperative use of intracardiac echocardiography. A similar pattern was noted in the lack of routine screening for thrombophilia and the use of the long-term single antiplatelet therapy. Conclusions: The study shows a vast spectrum of opinions on the optimal approach to PFO closure with significant differences between the US, UK, and Gulf countries. The results stress the need for systematic, high-quality data on the diagnostic work-up and follow-up strategies to inform the standardized approach.


Assuntos
Cardiologistas , Forame Oval Patente , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Recidiva , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Selection of appropriate patients for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) can be challenging. Many factors can influence post-procedure outcomes. Traditional surgical scoring systems do not discriminate effectively. Medical parameters and functional indices can characterize mortality risk. Mobility is an important predictive functional index but is largely defined using subjective criteria. AIM: To describe the relationship between mobility, objectively defined by the requirement for gait aids to ambulate, and all-cause 30-day and long-term mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: Mobility aid use was assessed in 1444 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI in a single center. Patients were categorized into "unaided," "1-stick," and "higher aid" groups based on the Brighton Mobility Index. Mortality tracking was obtained via the NHS Spine Portal in February 2021. RESULTS: Patients were aged 82 (IQR 78-86). 66% of patients walked unaided, 26% walked with 1 stick, and 8% required more assistance (e.g., 2 sticks, a Rollator, a Zimmer frame, or a wheelchair). Overall 30-day mortality for the whole cohort was 3.5%; 1-year mortality was 12.2%. Mobility was a significant predictor of 30-day mortality (p = 0.025). Use of a higher aid was associated with a mortality odds ratio of 2.83 (95% CI: 1.39-5.74). Mobility was also a significant predictor of long-term mortality (p < 0.001). Odds ratios for 1-stick and higher aid groups were 1.45 (95% CI: 1.21-1.72) and 2.01 (95% CI: 1.55-2.60), respectively. CONCLUSION: Objective assessment of mobility by gait aid use predicts both short and long-term survival in patients undergoing TAVI. Increased dependence on mobility aids is associated with a worse prognosis.

7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(10): E761-E768, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of balloon use for predilation, valve implantation, or postdilation on in-hospital mortality among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: TAVR utilizes self-expanding, mechanically expanding, or balloon-expandable valves. Balloon inflation is inherent to deployment of balloon-expandable valves. Balloons may additionally be used with all valve types for pre- and postdilation. The relationships between valve mechanism, balloon use, and in-hospital mortality are not fully characterized. METHODS: Prospective data were collected on 4063 patients undergoing TAVR for aortic stenosis at 4 high-volume centers in the United Kingdom. In-hospital mortality was analyzed according to valve expansion mechanism, use of balloons for pre- and postdilation, and specific cause of death. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 83 ± 8 years. Implanted valves were self expanding (n = 2241; 55%), mechanically expanding (n = 1092; 27%), or balloon expandable (n = 727; 18%). In-hospital death occurred in 66 cases (1.6%). Thirty-six deaths (54.5%) were classified as implantation-related mortalities, with rates of 0.8%, 0.5%, and 1.7% (P=.04) among self-expanding, mechanically expanding, and balloon-expandable technologies, respectively. Patients who underwent balloon inflation at any stage of their procedure (n = 2556; 63%) had significantly higher implantation-related mortality than those who did not (1.3% vs 0.3%, respectively; P<.01). Balloon-expandable valve procedures were associated with significantly higher all-cause mortality (2.6% vs 1.4%; P=.02) and implantation-related mortality (1.7% vs 0.7%; P=.02) than non-balloon-expandable valve procedures. Balloon-related complications accounted for 18 cases (26%) of total in-hospital mortality, including all 12 cases (17.4%) of annular rupture and 5 cases (7.2%) of coronary occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: Balloon use for predilation, valve implantation, or postdilation was associated with an increased mortality risk. Balloon-related complications were the largest contributor to in-hospital mortality, comprising all cases of annular rupture and the majority of coronary occlusion cases.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(18): 1965-1974, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with significant coronary artery disease would produce noninferior clinical results when compared with no PCI (control arm). BACKGROUND: PCI in patients undergoing TAVR is not without risk, and there are no randomized data to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and significant coronary artery disease with Canadian Cardiovascular Society class ≤2 angina were randomly assigned to receive PCI or no PCI prior to TAVR. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or rehospitalization at 1 year. Noninferiority testing (prespecified margin of 7.5%) was performed in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: At 17 centers, 235 patients underwent randomization. At 1 year, the primary composite endpoint occurred in 48 (41.5%) of the PCI arm and 47 (44.0%) of the no-PCI arm. The requirement for noninferiority was not met (difference: -2.5%; 1-sided upper 95% confidence limit: 8.5%; 1-sided noninferiority test P = 0.067). On analysis of the as-treated population, the difference was -3.7% (1-sided upper 95% confidence limit: 7.5%; P = 0.050). Mortality was 16 (13.4%) in the PCI arm and 14 (12.1%) in the no-PCI arm. At 1 year, there was no evidence of a difference in the rates of stroke, myocardial infarction, or acute kidney injury, with higher rates of any bleed in the PCI arm (P = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Observed rates of death and rehospitalization at 1 year were similar between PCI and no PCI prior to TAVR; however, the noninferiority margin was not met, and PCI resulted in a higher incidence of bleeding. (Assessing the Effects of Stenting in Significant Coronary Artery Disease Prior to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation; ISRCTN75836930).


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Canadá , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412989

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Perceval Valve has been increasingly used in Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR) recently due to ease of implantation. However, we have seen some cases of relatively early haemodynamic failure of the Perceval valve and these patients may then present for valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (ViV-TAVI). Experience of ViV-TAVI in the Perceval valve is limited. METHODS: We report our experience of VIV-TAVI in four cases of early-failing Perceval valves, two with stenosis and two with regurgitation. We also review the literature with regard to ViV-TAVI for this indication. RESULTS: Four patients aged between 66 and 78 years presented with Perceval valve dysfunction an average of 4.6 years following SAVR. All cases underwent Heart Team discussion and a ViV-TAVI procedure was planned thereafter. Strategies to ensure crossing through the centre of the valve and not outside any portion of the frame were found to be essential. Three patients had self-expanding valves implanted and one had a balloon-expandable prosthesis. The average aortic valve area (AVA) improved from 0.8 cm2 pre-procedure to 1.5 cm2 post-procedure*. The mean gradient (MG) improved from 35.5 mmHg (range 19.7-53 mmHg) pre-procedure to 14.8 mmHg (range 7-30 mmHg) post-procedure. In one patient a MG of 30 mmHg persisted following valve deployment. There were no significant peri-procedural complications. CONCLUSIONS: ViV-TAVI is a useful option for failed Perceval prostheses and appears safe and effective in this small series. Crossing inside the whole frame of the Perceval valve is essential.

10.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338644

RESUMO

Dual lumen microcatheters (DLMC) have become indispensable tools in the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO). Other than allowing preservation and treatment of bifurcated coronary branches within or in the proximity of the CTO-body, they enable the use of modified parallel wiring, antegrade dissection and re-entry, collateral selection and retrograde negotiation of the distal CTO-cap. This Euro-CTO consensus document describes current DLMCs and suggests a practical guide to anatomies and techniques in which these devices are applicable.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344585

RESUMO

We present two cases of failure of balloon inflation secondary to balloon separation from the delivery catheter when implanting the SAPIEN 3 transcatheter heart valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA). Although very uncommon, this is a potentially disastrous complication of transcatheter intervention. Case 1 highlights the complexity of the problem when it occurs and subsequent complications. Case 2 highlights how to manage this issue successfully.

12.
Circulation ; 144(15): 1196-1211, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients at high bleeding risk with or without oral anticoagulation (OAC) after coronary stenting remains unclear. METHODS: In the investigator-initiated, randomize, open-label MASTER DAPT trial (Management of High Bleeding Risk Patients Post Bioresorbable Polymer Coated Stent Implantation With an Abbreviated Versus Standard DAPT Regimen), 4579 patients at high bleeding risk were randomized after 1-month dual APT to abbreviated or nonabbreviated APT strategies. Randomization was stratified by concomitant OAC indication. In this subgroup analysis, we report outcomes of populations with or without an OAC indication. In the population with an OAC indication, patients changed immediately to single APT for 5 months (abbreviated regimen) or continued ≥2 months of dual APT and single APT thereafter (nonabbreviated regimen). Patients without an OAC indication changed to single APT for 11 months (abbreviated regimen) or continued ≥5 months of dual APT and single APT thereafter (nonabbreviated regimen). Coprimary outcomes at 335 days after randomization were net adverse clinical outcomes (composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3 or 5 bleeding events); major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke); and type 2, 3, or 5 Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeding. RESULTS: Net adverse clinical outcomes or major adverse cardiac and cerebral events did not differ with abbreviated versus nonabbreviated APT regimens in patients with OAC indication (n=1666; hazard ratio [HR], 0.83 [95% CI, 0.60-1.15]; and HR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.60-1.30], respectively) or without OAC indication (n=2913; HR, 1.01 [95% CI, 0.77-1.33]; or HR, 1.06 [95% CI, 0.79-1.44]; Pinteraction=0.35 and 0.45, respectively). Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 2, 3, or 5 bleeding did not significantly differ in patients with OAC indication (HR, 0.83 [95% CI, 0.62-1.12]) but was lower with abbreviated APT in patients without OAC indication (HR, 0.55 [95% CI, 0.41-0.74]; Pinteraction=0.057). The difference in bleeding in patients without OAC indication was driven mainly by a reduction in Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 2 bleedings (HR, 0.48 [95% CI, 0.33-0.69]; Pinteraction=0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Rates of net adverse clinical outcomes and major adverse cardiac and cerebral events did not differ with abbreviated APT in patients with high bleeding risk with or without an OAC indication and resulted in lower bleeding rates in patients without an OAC indication. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03023020.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255721, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375347

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate factors influencing the length of stay in patients undergoing percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patient characteristics, procedural data and the occurrence of serious adverse events were analyzed from the AmplatzerTM AmuletTM Occluder Observational Study. Patients were divided into three groups: same day (S, 0day, n = 60, 5.6%) early (E, 1day, n = 526, 48.9%), regular (R, 2-3days, n = 338, 31.4%) and late (L, ≥4days, n = 152, 14.1%) discharge and followed up for 60 days. Procedure and device related SAE during the in-hospital stay (S: 0.0% vs. E: 1.0% vs. R: 2.1% vs. L: 23%, p<0.0001) were a major trigger for a prolonged in-hospital stay. Of the 37 subjects in the late discharge group with an SAE prior to discharge, cardiac or bleeding complications were the most common underlying conditions, occurring in 26 subjects. Multinomial logistic analysis only identified HAS-BLED score as an independent influencing factor (p = 0.04) for a late discharge. After 60 days, mortality tended to be greatest in the late discharge group (S: 0.0% vs. E: 1.0% vs. R: 1.2% vs. L: 3.3%, p = 0.1066). CONCLUSION: Over half of the subjects receiving an Amplatzer Amulet occluder were discharged within 1 day of the implant procedure. Serious adverse events were a major trigger for a late discharge after LAAO. Increased HAS-BLED score was associated with a prolonged in-hospital stay.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Hemorragia/terapia , AVC Isquêmico/terapia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 23(10): 1775-1783, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363280

RESUMO

AIMS: We report the 2-year outcomes of the MitrAl ValvE RepaIr Clinical (MAVERIC) trial. Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is associated with poor outcomes for which there remains an unmet clinical need. ARTO is a transcatheter annular reduction device for the treatment of FMR and an emerging alternative for patients at high surgical risk. The MAVERIC trial was designed to evaluate the safety and performance of the ARTO system in FMR and heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: MAVERIC is an international multicentre, prospective, single arm study enrolling patients with FMR grade ≥ 2, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥II symptoms despite maximal medical therapy. Patients were excluded if they had significant structural mitral valve abnormality or life expectancy <1 year. The primary outcome measures were a composite safety outcome and efficacy defined as mitral regurgitation (MR) reduction 30 days post-procedure. Secondary outcome measures included safety, change in MR grade, NYHA class and hospitalization for HF at 2 years. Forty-five patients were enrolled. The composite safety outcome was met (2/45 adverse events at 30 days) and no device-related deaths occurred at 2-year follow-up. A sustained reduction in MR [grade < 2: 21/31 (68%) vs. 31/31(0%); P < 0.0001], left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (90.0 ± 30 vs. 106 ± 26 mL/m2 ; P = 0.004) and anteroposterior diameter (35.5 ± 4.7 vs. 41.4 ± 4.6 mm; P < 0.0001) was seen at 2 years compared to baseline. Progressive symptomatic improvement [NYHA class ≤II: 27/34 (80%) vs. 12/34 (36%); P < 0.0001] and a reduction in HF hospitalizations (19.8% 2 years post vs. 52.3% 2 years prior; P < 0.001) were seen at 2 years compared to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: The ARTO system is a safe and effective treatment for FMR with reductions in left ventricular end-diastolic volumes sustained to 2 years.

16.
N Engl J Med ; 385(18): 1643-1655, 2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The appropriate duration of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients at high risk for bleeding after the implantation of a drug-eluting coronary stent remains unclear. METHODS: One month after they had undergone implantation of a biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting coronary stent, we randomly assigned patients at high bleeding risk to discontinue dual antiplatelet therapy immediately (abbreviated therapy) or to continue it for at least 2 additional months (standard therapy). The three ranked primary outcomes were net adverse clinical events (a composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stroke, or major bleeding), major adverse cardiac or cerebral events (a composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, or stroke), and major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding; cumulative incidences were assessed at 335 days. The first two outcomes were assessed for noninferiority in the per-protocol population, and the third outcome for superiority in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: Among the 4434 patients in the per-protocol population, net adverse clinical events occurred in 165 patients (7.5%) in the abbreviated-therapy group and in 172 (7.7%) in the standard-therapy group (difference, -0.23 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -1.80 to 1.33; P<0.001 for noninferiority). A total of 133 patients (6.1%) in the abbreviated-therapy group and 132 patients (5.9%) in the standard-therapy group had a major adverse cardiac or cerebral event (difference, 0.11 percentage points; 95% CI, -1.29 to 1.51; P = 0.001 for noninferiority). Among the 4579 patients in the intention-to-treat population, major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding occurred in 148 patients (6.5%) in the abbreviated-therapy group and in 211 (9.4%) in the standard-therapy group (difference, -2.82 percentage points; 95% CI, -4.40 to -1.24; P<0.001 for superiority). CONCLUSIONS: One month of dual antiplatelet therapy was noninferior to the continuation of therapy for at least 2 additional months with regard to the occurrence of net adverse clinical events and major adverse cardiac or cerebral events; abbreviated therapy also resulted in a lower incidence of major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding. (Funded by Terumo; MASTER DAPT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03023020.).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Combinada , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Trombose/prevenção & controle
17.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The EXCEL trial reported similar five-year rates of the primary composite outcome of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for treatment of obstructive left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). AIMS: We sought to determine whether these outcomes remained consistent regardless of geography of enrolment. METHODS: We performed a pre-specified subgroup analysis based on regional enrolment. RESULTS: Among 1,905 patients randomised to PCI (n=948) or CABG (n=957), 1,075 (56.4%) were recruited at 52 European Union (EU) centres, and 752 (39.5%) were recruited at 67 North American (NA) centres. EU versus NA patients varied according to numerous baseline demographics, anatomy, pharmacotherapy and procedural characteristics. Nonetheless, the relative rates of the primary endpoint after PCI versus CABG were consistent across EU versus NA centres at 30 days and 5 years. However, NA participants had substantially higher late rates of ischaemia-driven revascularisation (IDR) after PCI, driven predominantly by the need for greater target vessel and lesion revascularisation. This culminated in a significant difference in the relative risk of the secondary composite outcome of death, MI, stroke, or IDR at 5 years (pinteraction=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In the EXCEL trial, the relative risks for the 30-day and five-year primary composite outcome of death, MI or stroke after PCI versus CABG were consistent irrespective of geography. However, five-year rates of IDR after PCI were significantly higher in NA centres, a finding the Heart Team and patients should consider when making treatment decisions. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01205776.

18.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(8): 936-944, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009236

RESUMO

Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) failure is often managed by an urgent implantation of a supplementary valve during the procedure (2-valve TAVR [2V-TAVR]). Little is known about the factors associated with or sequelae of 2V-TAVR. Objective: To examine the incidence, causes, and outcomes of 2V-TAVR. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was performed using data from an international registry of 21 298 TAVR procedures performed from January 1, 2014, through February 28, 2019. Among the 21 298 patients undergoing TAVR, 223 patients (1.0%) undergoing 2V-TAVR were identified. Patient-level data were available for all the patients undergoing 2V-TAVR and for 12 052 patients (56.6%) undergoing 1V-TAVR. After excluding patients with missing 30-day follow-up or data inconsistencies, 213 2V-TAVR and 10 010 1V-TAVR patients were studied. The 2V-TAVR patients were compared against control TAVR patients undergoing a 1-valve TAVR (1V-TAVR) using 1:4 17 propensity score matching. Final analysis included 1065 (213:852) patients. Exposures: Urgent implantation of a supplementary valve during TAVR. Main Outcomes and Measures: Mortality at 30 days and 1 year. Results: The 213 patients undergoing 2V-TAVR had similar age (mean [SD], 81.3 [0.5] years) and sex (110 [51.6%] female) as the 10 010 patients undergoing 1V-TAVR (mean [SD] age, 81.2 [0.5] years; 110 [51.6%] female). The 2V-TAVR incidence decreased from 2.9% in 2014 to 1.0% in 2018 and was similar between repositionable and nonrepositionable valves. Bicuspid aortic valve (odds ratio [OR], 2.20; 95% CI, 1.17-4.15; P = .02), aortic regurgitation of moderate or greater severity (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.49-2.73; P < .001), atrial fibrillation (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.07-1.93; P = .02), alternative access (OR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.72-3.89; P < .001), early-generation valve (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.69-3.19; P < .001), and self-expandable valve (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.17-2.43; P = .004) were associated with higher 2V-TAVR risk. In 165 patients (80%), the supplementary valve was implanted because of residual aortic regurgitation after primary valve malposition (94 [46.4%] too high and 71 [34.2%] too low). In the matched 2V-TAVR vs 1V-TAVR cohorts, the rate of device success was 147 (70.4%) vs 783 (92.2%) (P < .001), the rate of coronary obstruction was 5 (2.3%) vs 3 (0.4%) (P = .10), stroke rate was 9 (4.6%) vs 13 (1.6%) (P = .09), major bleeding rates were 25 (11.8%) vs 46 (5.5%) (P = .03) and annular rupture rate was 7 (3.3%) vs 3 (0.4%) (P = .03). The hazard ratios for mortality were 2.58 (95% CI, 1.04-6.45; P = .04) at 30 days, 1.45 (95% CI, 0.84-2.51; P = .18) at 1 year, and 1.20 (95% CI, 0.77-1.88; P = .42) at 2 years. Nontransfemoral access and certain periprocedural complications were independently associated with higher risk of death 1 year after 2V-TAVR. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, valve malposition was the most common indication for 2V-TAVR. Incidence decreased over time and was low overall, although patients with a bicuspid or regurgitant aortic valve, nontransfemoral access, and early-generation or self-expandable valve were at higher risk. These findings suggest that compared with 1V-TAVR, 2V-TAVR is associated with high burden of complications and mortality at 30 days but not at 1 year.

19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(4): 756-764, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate outcome and its predictors of bioprosthetic valve fracture (BVF) in patients undergoing valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement (VIV-TAVR). BACKGROUND: BVF is feasible and reduces transvalvular gradients in VIV-TAVR-procedures, but follow-up-data and information on factors influencing the outcome are missing. METHODS: The 81 cases of BVF-VIV-TAVR were collected from 14 international centers. RESULTS: Predominantly transcatheter heart valve (THV) was implanted first, followed by BVF. VARC-2 defined device success was 93%, most failures were attributed to residual high gradients. Mean gradients decreased from 37 ± 13 mmHg to 10.8 ± 5.9 mmHg (p < 0.001). BVF reduced the gradient by 16 mmHg. During follow-up (FU, 281 ± 164 days) mean gradient remained stable (10.8 ± 5.9 mmHg at discharge, 12.4 ± 6.3 mmHg at FU, p = ns). In-hospital major adverse events occurred in 3.7%. Event-free survival at 276 ± 237.6 days was 95.4%. The linear mixed model identified balloon-expandable valves (BEV), Mitroflow surgical valve, stenotic surgical bioprostheses and balloon only 1 mm larger than the true internal diameter of the surgical valve as predictors for higher gradients. CONCLUSIONS: BVF is safe and can significantly reduce gradients, which remain stable at FU. BEV, Mitroflow surgical valve, stenotic bioprostheses and balloon larger than the true internal diameter of the surgical valve of only 1 mm are predictors for higher final gradients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
EuroIntervention ; 17(10): 848-855, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bioprosthetic valve fracture (BVF) is a technique to reduce gradients in valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (VIV-TAVI) procedures. The outcome of VIV-TAVI with BVF has not been compared with VIV-TAVI without BVF. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of VIV-TAVI with BVF compared to VIV-TAVI without BVF. METHODS: In total, 81 cases of BVF VIV-TAVI (BVF group) from 14 centres were compared to 79 cases of VIV-TAVI without BVF (control group). RESULTS: VARC-2-defined device success was 93% in the BVF group and 68.4% in the control group (p<0.001). The mean transvalvular gradient decreased from 37±13 mmHg to 10.8±5.9 mmHg (p<0.001) in the BVF group and from 35±16 mmHg to 15.8±6.8 mmHg (p<0.001) in the control group with a significantly higher final gradient in the control group (p<0.001). The transvalvular gradients did not change significantly over time. In-hospital major adverse events occurred in 3.7% in the BVF group and 7.6% in the control group (p=0.325). A linear mixed model identified BVF, self-expanding transcatheter heart valves (THVs) and other surgical aortic valve (SAV) types other than Mitroflow as predictors of lower transvalvular gradients. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to VIV-TAVI alone, VIV-TAVI with BVF resulted in a significantly lower transvalvular gradient acutely and at follow-up. Independent predictors of lower gradients were the use of self-expanding THVs and the treatment of SAVs other than Mitroflow, irrespective of BVF performance. BVF significantly reduced the gradient independently from transcatheter or surgical valve type.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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