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1.
Clin Chest Med ; 40(3): 617-636, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376896

RESUMO

Interstitial lung disease is common among patients with connective tissue disease and is an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. Infection and drug toxicity must always be excluded as the cause of radiographic findings. Immunosuppression remains a mainstay of therapy despite few controlled trials supporting its use. When a decision regarding therapy initiation is made, considerations include an assessment of disease severity as well as a determination of the rate of progression. Because patients may have extrathoracic disease activity, a multidisciplinary approach is crucial and should include supportive and nonpharmacologic management strategies.

2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(10): 1371-1378, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the randomised scleroderma: Cyclophosphamide Or Transplantation (SCOT trial) (NCT00114530), myeloablation, followed by haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), led to improved clinical outcomes compared with monthly cyclophosphamide (CYC) treatment in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Herein, the study aimed to determine global molecular changes at the whole blood transcript and serum protein levels ensuing from HSCT in comparison to intravenous monthly CYC in 62 participants enrolled in the SCOT study. METHODS: Global transcript studies were performed at pretreatment baseline, 8 months and 26 months postrandomisation using Illumina HT-12 arrays. Levels of 102 proteins were measured in the concomitantly collected serum samples. RESULTS: At the baseline visit, interferon (IFN) and neutrophil transcript modules were upregulated and the cytotoxic/NK module was downregulated in SSc compared with unaffected controls. A paired comparison of the 26 months to the baseline samples revealed a significant decrease of the IFN and neutrophil modules and an increase in the cytotoxic/NK module in the HSCT arm while there was no significant change in the CYC control arm. Also, a composite score of correlating serum proteins with IFN and neutrophil transcript modules, as well as a multilevel analysis showed significant changes in SSc molecular signatures after HSCT while similar changes were not observed in the CYC arm. Lastly, a decline in the IFN and neutrophil modules was associated with an improvement in pulmonary forced vital capacity and an increase in the cytotoxic/NK module correlated with improvement in skin score. CONCLUSION: HSCT contrary to conventional treatment leads to a significant 'correction' in disease-related molecular signatures.

3.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 15(8): 456-457, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217541
4.
Lancet Respir Med ; 7(6): 497-508, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need for biomarkers to better stratify patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis by risk for lung transplantation allocation who have the same clinical presentation. We aimed to investigate whether a specific immune cell type from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis could identify those at higher risk of poor outcomes. We then sought to validate our findings using cytometry and electronic health records. METHODS: We first did a discovery analysis with transcriptome data from the Gene Expression Omnibus at the National Center for Biotechnology Information for 120 peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We estimated percentages of 13 immune cell types using statistical deconvolution, and investigated the association of these cell types with transplant-free survival. We validated these results using PBMC samples from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in two independent cohorts (COMET and Yale). COMET profiled monocyte counts in 45 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis from March 12, 2010, to March 10, 2011, using flow cytometry; we tested if increased monocyte count was associated with the primary outcome of disease progression. In the Yale cohort, 15 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (with five healthy controls) were classed as high risk or low risk from April 28, 2014, to Aug 20, 2015, using a 52-gene signature, and we assessed whether monocyte percentage (measured by cytometry by time of flight) was higher in high-risk patients. We then examined complete blood count values in the electronic health records (EHR) of 45 068 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, systemic sclerosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or myelofibrosis from Stanford (Jan 01, 2008, to Dec 31, 2015), Northwestern (Feb 15, 2001 to July 31, 2017), Vanderbilt (Jan 01, 2008, to Dec 31, 2016), and Optum Clinformatics DataMart (Jan 01, 2004, to Dec 31, 2016) cohorts, and examined whether absolute monocyte counts of 0·95 K/µL or greater were associated with all-cause mortality in these patients. FINDINGS: In the discovery analysis, estimated CD14+ classical monocyte percentages above the mean were associated with shorter transplant-free survival times (hazard ratio [HR] 1·82, 95% CI 1·05-3·14), whereas higher percentages of T cells and B cells were not (0·97, 0·59-1·66; and 0·78, 0·45-1·34 respectively). In two validation cohorts (COMET trial and the Yale cohort), patients with higher monocyte counts were at higher risk for poor outcomes (COMET Wilcoxon p=0·025; Yale Wilcoxon p=0·049). Monocyte counts of 0·95 K/µL or greater were associated with mortality after adjusting for forced vital capacity (HR 2·47, 95% CI 1·48-4·15; p=0·0063), and the gender, age, and physiology index (HR 2·06, 95% CI 1·22-3·47; p=0·0068) across the COMET, Stanford, and Northwestern datasets). Analysis of medical records of 7459 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis showed that patients with monocyte counts of 0·95 K/µL or greater were at increased risk of mortality with lung transplantation as a censoring event, after adjusting for age at diagnosis and sex (Stanford HR=2·30, 95% CI 0·94-5·63; Vanderbilt 1·52, 1·21-1·89; Optum 1·74, 1·33-2·27). Likewise, higher absolute monocyte count was associated with shortened survival in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy across all three cohorts, and in patients with systemic sclerosis or myelofibrosis in two of the three cohorts. INTERPRETATION: Monocyte count could be incorporated into the clinical assessment of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other fibrotic disorders. Further investigation into the mechanistic role of monocytes in fibrosis might lead to insights that assist the development of new therapies. FUNDING: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and US National Library of Medicine.

5.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 199(12): 1517-1536, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30554520

RESUMO

Rationale: The contributions of diverse cell populations in the human lung to pulmonary fibrosis pathogenesis are poorly understood. Single-cell RNA sequencing can reveal changes within individual cell populations during pulmonary fibrosis that are important for disease pathogenesis. Objectives: To determine whether single-cell RNA sequencing can reveal disease-related heterogeneity within alveolar macrophages, epithelial cells, or other cell types in lung tissue from subjects with pulmonary fibrosis compared with control subjects. Methods: We performed single-cell RNA sequencing on lung tissue obtained from eight transplant donors and eight recipients with pulmonary fibrosis and on one bronchoscopic cryobiospy sample from a patient with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We validated these data using in situ RNA hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and bulk RNA-sequencing on flow-sorted cells from 22 additional subjects. Measurements and Main Results: We identified a distinct, novel population of profibrotic alveolar macrophages exclusively in patients with fibrosis. Within epithelial cells, the expression of genes involved in Wnt secretion and response was restricted to nonoverlapping cells. We identified rare cell populations including airway stem cells and senescent cells emerging during pulmonary fibrosis. We developed a web-based tool to explore these data. Conclusions: We generated a single-cell atlas of pulmonary fibrosis. Using this atlas, we demonstrated heterogeneity within alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells from subjects with pulmonary fibrosis. These results support the feasibility of discovery-based approaches using next-generation sequencing technologies to identify signaling pathways for targeting in the development of personalized therapies for patients with pulmonary fibrosis.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors of mortality and cardiopulmonary hospitalizations in patients at risk for pulmonary hypertension (PH) and enrolled in PHAROS, a prospective cohort study to investigate the natural history of PH in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The at-risk population for PH was defined by the following entry criteria: echocardiogram systolic pulmonary arterial pressure > 40 mmHg, or DLCO < 55% predicted or ratio of % forced vital capacity/%DLCO > 1.6, measured by pulmonary function testing. Baseline clinical measures were evaluated as predictors of hospitalization and death between 2005 and 2014. Cox proportional hazards models were censored at date of PH onset or latest study visit and adjusted for age, sex, race, and disease duration. RESULTS: Of the 236 at-risk subjects who were followed for a median of 4 years (range 0.4-8.5 yrs), 35 developed PH after entering PHAROS (reclassified as PH group). In the at-risk group, higher mortality was strongly associated with male sex, low %DLCO, exercise oxygen desaturation, anemia, abnormal dyspnea scores, and baseline pericardial effusion. Risks for cardiopulmonary hospitalization were associated with increased dyspnea and pericardial effusions, although PH patients with DLCO < 50% had the highest risk of cardiopulmonary hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for poor outcome in patients with SSc who are at risk for PH were similar to others with SSc-PH and SSc-pulmonary arterial hypertension, including male sex, DLCO < 50%, exercise oxygen desaturation, and pericardial effusions. This group should undergo right heart catheterization and receive appropriate intervention if PH is confirmed.

7.
J Rheumatol ; 45(11): 1572-1576, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Forced vital capacity (FVC) and DLCO are used for screening of systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). The study purpose was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value (NPV) (proportion of true negative screening tests) of FVC and DLCO thresholds for SSc-ILD on chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans. METHODS: Patients fulfilling American College of Rheumatology 2013 SSc criteria with a chest HRCT scan and pulmonary function tests (PFT) were studied. A thoracic radiologist quantified radiographic ILD. Optimal FVC and DLCO % predicted thresholds for ILD were identified using receiver-operating characteristic curves. The FVC and DLCO combinations with greatest sensitivity and specificity were also determined. Subanalysis was performed in patients with positive Scl-70 autoantibodies. RESULTS: The study included 265 patients. Of 188 (71%) with radiographic ILD, 59 (31%) had "normal" FVC (≥ 80% predicted), and 65 out of 151 (43%) had "normal" DLCO (≥ 60% predicted). FVC < 80% (sensitivity 0.69, specificity 0.73), and DLCO < 62% (sensitivity 0.60, specificity 0.70) were optimal thresholds for radiographic SSc-ILD. All FVC and DLCO threshold combinations evaluated had NPV < 0.70. The NPV for radiographic ILD for FVC < 80% was lower in patients with positive Scl-70 autoantibody (NPV = 0.05) compared to negative Scl-70 autoantibody (NPV = 0.57). CONCLUSION: Radiographic ILD is prevalent in SSc despite "normal" PFT. No % predicted FVC or DLCO threshold combinations yielded high NPV for SSc-ILD screening. "Normal" FVC and DLCO in patients with SSc, especially those with positive Scl-70 autoantibodies, should not obviate consideration of HRCT for ILD evaluation.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30081222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Functional luminal imaging probe (FLIP) panometry provides a comprehensive evaluation of esophageal functional at the time of endoscopy, including assessment of esophageal distensibility and distension-induced esophageal contractility. However, the few and inconsistent findings from healthy individuals pose challenges to the application of FLIP to research and clinical practice. We performed FLIP panometry in asymptomatic volunteers. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 20 asymptomatic volunteers (ages, 23-44; 14 women) who were evaluated with 16-cm FLIP positioned across the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) and distal esophagus (and in 8 subjects also repositioned at the proximal esophagus) during sedated upper endoscopy. FLIP data were analyzed with a customized MATLAB program that generated FLIP panometry plots and calculated the EGJ-distensibility index (DI) and distensibility plateaus (DP) of distal and proximal esophageal body. Distension-induced esophageal contractility was also assessed. RESULTS: The median EGJ-DI was 5.8 mm2/mm Hg (interquartile range [IQR], 4.9-6.7 mm2/mm Hg); all 20 subjects had an EGJ-DI greater than 2.8 mm2/mm Hg. The median DP values from all subjects tested were 20.2 mm (IQR, 19.8-20.8 mm) at the distal body, 21.1 mm (IQR, 20.3-22.9 mm) at the proximal body, and greater than 18 mm at both locations. Repetitive antegrade contractions (RACs) were observed in all 20 subjects; in 19 of 20 (95%) subjects, the RAC pattern persisted for 10 or more consecutive antegrade contractions. CONCLUSIONS: Normal parameters of FLIP panometry are EGJ-DI greater than 2.8 mm2/mm Hg, DP greater than 18 mm, and antegrade contractions that occur in a repetitive pattern (RACs)-these can be used as normal findings for esophageal distensibility and distension-induced contractility. These values can be used in comparative studies of esophageal diseases, such as achalasia and eosinophilic esophagitis, and will facilitate application of FLIP panometry to clinical practice.

10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(9): 1623-1631, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29868924

RESUMO

Objectives: The Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) Cohort is a web-based cohort designed to collect patient-reported outcomes at regular intervals as a framework for conducting trials of psychosocial, educational, self-management and rehabilitation interventions for patients with SSc. The aim of this study was to present baseline demographic, medical and patient-reported outcome data of the SPIN Cohort and to compare it with other large SSc cohorts. Methods: Descriptive statistics were used to summarize SPIN Cohort characteristics; these were compared with published data of the European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) and Canadian Scleroderma Research Group (CSRG) cohorts. Results: Demographic, organ involvement and antibody profile data for SPIN (N = 1125) were generally comparable with that of the EUSTAR (N = 7319) and CSRG (N = 1390) cohorts. There was a high proportion of women and White patients in all cohorts, though relative proportions differed. Scl70 antibody frequency was highest in EUSTAR, somewhat lower in SPIN, and lowest in CSRG, consistent with the higher proportion of interstitial lung disease among dcSSc patients in SPIN compared with in CSRG (48.5 vs 40.3%). RNA polymerase III antibody frequency was highest in SPIN and remarkably lower in EUSTAR (21.1 vs 2.4%), in line with the higher prevalence of SSc renal crisis (4.5 vs 2.1%) in SPIN. Conclusion: Although there are some differences, the SPIN Cohort is broadly comparable with other large prevalent SSc cohorts, increasing confidence that insights gained from the SPIN Cohort should be generalizable, although it should be noted that all three cohorts include primarily White participants.


Assuntos
Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
J Scleroderma Relat Disord ; 3(2): 159-169, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29808171

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the utility of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T1 mapping in early systemic sclerosis (SSc) and its association with skin score. Methods: Twenty-four consecutive patients with early SSc referred for cardiovascular evaluation and 12 controls without SSc were evaluated. All patients underwent cine, T1 mapping, and late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) CMR imaging. T1 mapping indices were compared between SSc patients and controls (extracellular volume fraction [ECV], gadolinium partition coefficient [λ], pre-contrast T1, and post-contrast T1). The association between T1 mapping parameters and the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) was determined. Results: There were no significant differences in cardiac structure/function between SSc patients and controls on cine imaging, and 8/24 (33%) SSc patients had evidence of LGE (i.e., focal myocardial fibrosis). Of the T1 mapping parameters (indices indicative of diffuse myocardial fibrosis), ECV differentiated SSc patients from controls the best, followed by λ, even when the eight SSc patients with LGE were excluded. ECV had a sensitivity and specificity of 75% and 75% for diffuse myocardial fibrosis (optimal abnormal cut-off value of >27% [area under ROC curve=0.85]). In the 16 patients without evidence of LGE, each of the 4 CMR T1 mapping parameters (ECV, λ, Pre-T1 and Post-T1) correlated with mRSS (R=0.51-0.65, P=0.007-0.043), indicating a correlation between SSc cardiac and skin fibrosis. Conclusions: The four T1 mapping indices are significantly correlated with mRSS in patients with early SSc. Quantification of diffuse myocardial fibrosis using ECV should be considered as a marker for cardiac involvement in SSc clinical studies.

12.
J Invest Dermatol ; 138(6): 1301-1310, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29391252

RESUMO

Fewer than half of patients with systemic sclerosis demonstrate modified Rodnan skin score improvement during mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) treatment. To understand the molecular basis for this observation, we extended our prior studies and characterized molecular and cellular changes in skin biopsies from subjects with systemic sclerosis treated with MMF. Eleven subjects completed ≥24 months of MMF therapy. Two distinct skin gene expression trajectories were observed across six of these subjects. Three of the six subjects showed attenuation of the inflammatory signature by 24 months, paralleling reductions in CCL2 mRNA expression in skin and reduced numbers of macrophages and myeloid dendritic cells in skin biopsies. MMF cessation at 24 months resulted in an increased inflammatory score, increased CCL2 mRNA and protein levels, modified Rodnan skin score rebound, and increased numbers of skin myeloid cells in these subjects. In contrast, three other subjects remained on MMF >24 months and showed a persistent decrease in inflammatory score, decreasing or stable modified Rodnan skin score, CCL2 mRNA reductions, sera CCL2 protein levels trending downward, reduction in monocyte migration, and no increase in skin myeloid cell numbers. These data summarize molecular changes during MMF therapy that suggest reduction of innate immune cell numbers, possibly by attenuating expression of chemokines, including CCL2.

13.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(6): 841-854, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29439295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Currently, there are no reliable biomarkers for predicting therapeutic response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The synovium may unlock critical information for determining efficacy, since a reduction in the numbers of sublining synovial macrophages remains the most reproducible biomarker. Thus, a clinically actionable method for the collection of synovial tissue, which can be analyzed using high-throughput strategies, must become a reality. This study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of utilizing synovial biopsies as a precision medicine-based approach for patients with RA. METHODS: Rheumatologists at 6 US academic sites were trained in minimally invasive ultrasound-guided synovial tissue biopsy. Biopsy specimens obtained from patients with RA and synovial tissue from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) were subjected to histologic analysis, fluorescence-activated cell sorting, and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). An optimized protocol for digesting synovial tissue was developed to generate high-quality RNA-seq libraries from isolated macrophage populations. Associations were determined between macrophage transcriptional profiles and clinical parameters in RA patients. RESULTS: Patients with RA reported minimal adverse effects in response to synovial biopsy. Comparable RNA quality was observed from synovial tissue and isolated macrophages between patients with RA and patients with OA. Whole tissue samples from patients with RA demonstrated a high degree of transcriptional heterogeneity. In contrast, the transcriptional profile of isolated RA synovial macrophages highlighted different subpopulations of patients and identified 6 novel transcriptional modules that were associated with disease activity and therapy. CONCLUSION: Performance of synovial tissue biopsies by rheumatologists in the US is feasible and generates high-quality samples for research. Through the use of cutting-edge technologies to analyze synovial biopsy specimens in conjunction with corresponding clinical information, a precision medicine-based approach for patients with RA is attainable.

14.
J Exp Med ; 214(8): 2387-2404, 2017 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28694385

RESUMO

Little is known about the relative importance of monocyte and tissue-resident macrophages in the development of lung fibrosis. We show that specific genetic deletion of monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages after their recruitment to the lung ameliorated lung fibrosis, whereas tissue-resident alveolar macrophages did not contribute to fibrosis. Using transcriptomic profiling of flow-sorted cells, we found that monocyte to alveolar macrophage differentiation unfolds continuously over the course of fibrosis and its resolution. During the fibrotic phase, monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages differ significantly from tissue-resident alveolar macrophages in their expression of profibrotic genes. A population of monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages persisted in the lung for one year after the resolution of fibrosis, where they became increasingly similar to tissue-resident alveolar macrophages. Human homologues of profibrotic genes expressed by mouse monocyte-derived alveolar macrophages during fibrosis were up-regulated in human alveolar macrophages from fibrotic compared with normal lungs. Our findings suggest that selectively targeting alveolar macrophage differentiation within the lung may ameliorate fibrosis without the adverse consequences associated with global monocyte or tissue-resident alveolar macrophage depletion.


Assuntos
Pulmão/patologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/patologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Fibrose , Humanos , Pulmão/citologia , Camundongos , Monócitos/patologia
15.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 69(10): 2062-2068, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28651038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissues secrete adipokines, peptides with potent effects modulating fibrosis, inflammation, and vascular homeostasis. Dysregulated adipose tissue biology and adipokine balance have recently been implicated in systemic sclerosis (SSc). This study was undertaken to determine whether altered circulating adipokine levels correlate with SSc disease subsets or clinical manifestations. METHODS: Multiplex assays were used to measure circulating adipokine levels in 198 patients with SSc and 33 healthy controls. Data were evaluated for correlations between serum adipokine levels and demographic and clinical features, including pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). To assess the relevance of adipsin, an adipokine involved in complement pathway activation, in SSc, we analyzed publicly available genetic and transcriptomic data. RESULTS: Levels of adiponectin and adipsin differed significantly between controls and patients. Adipsin was significantly elevated in patients with limited cutaneous SSc (odds ratio [OR] 28.3 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 7.0-113.8]; P < 0.0001), and its levels were associated with serum autoantibody status, pulmonary function and cardiovascular parameters, and PAH (OR 3.3 [95% CI 1.3-8.7]; P = 0.02). Elevated adipsin was more strongly associated with PAH than B-type natriuretic peptide was. Moreover, in SSc patients, adipsin gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with PAH. Transcriptome data set analysis demonstrated elevated adipsin expression in patients with SSc-related PAH. CONCLUSION: We identify adipsin as a novel adipose tissue-derived marker of SSc-related PAH. Circulating adipsin levels might serve as predictive biomarkers in SSc. Mechanistically, adipsin might represent a pathogenic link between adipocyte dysfunction and complement pathway activation and play an important role in the pathogenesis of SSc-related PAH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Esclerodermia Limitada/genética , Adiponectina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Fator D do Complemento/genética , Fator D do Complemento/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Leptina/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/metabolismo , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resistina/metabolismo , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/metabolismo , Esclerodermia Limitada/complicações , Esclerodermia Limitada/imunologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/metabolismo
16.
Genome Med ; 9(1): 27, 2017 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28330499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multi-organ autoimmune disease characterized by skin fibrosis. Internal organ involvement is heterogeneous. It is unknown whether disease mechanisms are common across all involved affected tissues or if each manifestation has a distinct underlying pathology. METHODS: We used consensus clustering to compare gene expression profiles of biopsies from four SSc-affected tissues (skin, lung, esophagus, and peripheral blood) from patients with SSc, and the related conditions pulmonary fibrosis (PF) and pulmonary arterial hypertension, and derived a consensus disease-associate signature across all tissues. We used this signature to query tissue-specific functional genomic networks. We performed novel network analyses to contrast the skin and lung microenvironments and to assess the functional role of the inflammatory and fibrotic genes in each organ. Lastly, we tested the expression of macrophage activation state-associated gene sets for enrichment in skin and lung using a Wilcoxon rank sum test. RESULTS: We identified a common pathogenic gene expression signature-an immune-fibrotic axis-indicative of pro-fibrotic macrophages (MØs) in multiple tissues (skin, lung, esophagus, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells) affected by SSc. While the co-expression of these genes is common to all tissues, the functional consequences of this upregulation differ by organ. We used this disease-associated signature to query tissue-specific functional genomic networks to identify common and tissue-specific pathologies of SSc and related conditions. In contrast to skin, in the lung-specific functional network we identify a distinct lung-resident MØ signature associated with lipid stimulation and alternative activation. In keeping with our network results, we find distinct MØ alternative activation transcriptional programs in SSc-associated PF lung and in the skin of patients with an "inflammatory" SSc gene expression signature. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the innate immune system is central to SSc disease processes but that subtle distinctions exist between tissues. Our approach provides a framework for examining molecular signatures of disease in fibrosis and autoimmune diseases and for leveraging publicly available data to understand common and tissue-specific disease processes in complex human diseases.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Transcriptoma , Biópsia , Esôfago/metabolismo , Fibrose , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/metabolismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Pele/metabolismo
17.
J Rheumatol ; 44(6): 791-794, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28298560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter/intraobserver reliability of the tender and swollen joint counts (TJC, SJC) and the modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) in diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) and to assess content validity of the TJC/SJC. METHODS: Ten rheumatologists completed the SJC, TJC, and mRSS on 7 patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) was performed. RESULTS: Interobserver and intraobserver reliability for the TJC was 0.97 and 0.99, for the SJC was 0.24 and 0.71, and for the mRSS was 0.81 and 0.94, respectively. MSUS abnormalities did not correspond with SJC/TJC. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate excellent inter- and intraobserver reliability for the mRSS and TJC in dcSSc. However, the SJC and TJC did not correspond to MSUS.


Assuntos
Articulações/patologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exame Físico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esclerodermia Difusa/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 106(4): 106-113, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27908301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the utility of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) in detecting and monitoring pulmonary hypertension (PH) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: PHAROS is a multicenter prospective cohort of SSc patients at high risk for developing pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-AR-PAH) or with a definitive diagnosis of SSc-PH. We evaluated 1) the sensitivity and specificity of BNP≥64 and NT-proBNP≥210 pg/mL for the detection of SSc-PAH and/ or SSc-PH in the SSc-AR-PAH population; 2) baseline and longitudinal BNP and NT-proBNP levels as predictors of progression to SSc-PAH and/or SSc-PH; 3) baseline BNP≥180, NT-proBNP≥553 pg/mL, and longitudinal changes in BNP and NT-proBNP as predictors of mortality in SSc-PH diagnosed patients. RESULTS: 172 SSc-PH and 157 SSc-AR- PAH patients had natriuretic peptide levels available. Median BNP and NT-proBNP were significantly higher in the SSc-PH versus SSc-AR-PAH group. The sensitivity and specificity for SSc-PAH detection using baseline BNP≥64 pg/mL was 71% and 59%; and for NT-proBNP≥210 pg/mL, 73% and 78%. NT-proBNP showed stronger correlations with haemodynamic indicators of right ventricular dysfunction than BNP. Baseline creatinine, RVSP > 40 mmHg, and FVC%:DLco% ratio ≥1.8 were associated with progression from SSc-AR-PAH to SSc-PH but no association with individual or combined baseline BNP and NT-proBNP levels was observed. Baseline and follow-up BNP or NT-proBNP levels were not predictive of death, however, a composite BNP/NT-proBNP group predicted mortality (HR 3.81 (2.08-6.99), p<.0001). CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP may be more useful than BNP in the detection and monitoring of PAH in SSc patients, but additional studies are necessary.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue
19.
JCI Insight ; 1(21): e89073, 2016 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28018971

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune disease with the highest case-fatality rate of all connective tissue diseases. Current efforts to determine patient response to a given treatment using the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) are complicated by interclinician variability, confounding, and the time required between sequential mRSS measurements to observe meaningful change. There is an unmet critical need for an objective metric of SSc disease severity. Here, we performed an integrated, multicohort analysis of SSc transcriptome data across 7 datasets from 6 centers composed of 515 samples. Using 158 skin samples from SSc patients and healthy controls recruited at 2 centers as a discovery cohort, we identified a 415-gene expression signature specific for SSc, and validated its ability to distinguish SSc patients from healthy controls in an additional 357 skin samples from 5 independent cohorts. Next, we defined the SSc skin severity score (4S). In every SSc cohort of skin biopsy samples analyzed in our study, 4S correlated significantly with mRSS, allowing objective quantification of SSc disease severity. Using transcriptome data from the largest longitudinal trial of SSc patients to date, we showed that 4S allowed us to objectively monitor individual SSc patients over time, as (a) the change in 4S of a patient is significantly correlated with change in the mRSS, and (b) the change in 4S at 12 months of treatment could predict the change in mRSS at 24 months. Our results suggest that 4S could be used to distinguish treatment responders from nonresponders prior to mRSS change. Our results demonstrate the potential clinical utility of a novel robust molecular signature and a computational approach to SSc disease severity quantification.

20.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(3): 344-349, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27371996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the clinical factors associated with calcinosis in an international multicenter collaborative effort with the Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium (SCTC). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 5218 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Logistic regression was used to obtain odds ratios (OR) relating calcinosis to various clinical features in multivariate analyses. RESULTS: A total of 1290 patients (24.7%) had calcinosis. In univariate analyses, patients with calcinosis were older than patients without calcinosis, more likely to be female, and had longer disease duration from the first non-Raynaud phenomenon symptom. Patients with calcinosis were more likely to have digital ulcers, telangiectasias, acro-osteolysis, cardiac disease, pulmonary hypertension, gastrointestinal involvement, arthritis, and osteoporosis, but less likely to have muscle disease. Anti-Scl-70, RNA-polymerase-III, and U1-RNP autoantibodies were significantly less common in patients with calcinosis, while anticentromere (ACA), anti-PM/Scl, and anticardiolipin antibodies were more frequent. In multivariate analysis, the strongest associations with calcinosis were digital ulcers (OR = 3.9; 95% CI: 2.7-5.5; p < 0.0001) and osteoporosis (OR = 4.2; 95% CI: 2.3-7.9; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: One quarter of patients with SSc have calcinosis at some time during their illness. Our data confirm a strong association of calcinosis with digital ulcers, and support a novel association with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Calcinose/epidemiologia , Dedos , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/epidemiologia , Acro-Osteólise/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Calcinose/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Razão de Chances , RNA Polimerase III/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Úlcera Cutânea/imunologia , Telangiectasia/epidemiologia
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