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Cancer ; 125(6): 963-971, 2019 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30521100


BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare myeloid neoplasm characterized by the presence of abnormal CD1a-positive (CD1a+ )/CD207+ histiocytes. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) represents a spectrum of hyperinflammatory syndromes typified by the dysregulated activation of the innate and adaptive immune systems. Patients with LCH, particularly those with multisystem (MS) involvement, can develop severe hyperinflammation mimicking that observed in HLH. Nevertheless, to the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding the prevalence, timing, risk factors for development, and outcomes of children and young adults who develop HLH within the context of MS-LCH (hereafter referred to LCH-associated HLH). METHODS: To gain further insights, the authors conducted a retrospective, multicenter study and collected data regarding all patients diagnosed with MS-LCH between 2000 and 2015. RESULTS: Of 384 patients with MS-LCH, 32 were reported by their primary providers to have met the diagnostic criteria for HLH, yielding an estimated 2-year cumulative incidence of 9.3% ± 1.6%. The majority of patients developed HLH at or after the diagnosis of MS-LCH, and nearly one-third (31%) had evidence of an intercurrent infection. Patient age <2 years at the time of diagnosis of LCH; female sex; LCH involvement of the liver, spleen, and hematopoietic system; and a lack of bone involvement each were found to be independently associated with an increased risk of LCH-associated HLH. Patients with MS-LCH who met the criteria for HLH had significantly poorer 5-year survival compared with patients with MS-LCH who did not meet the criteria for HLH (69% vs 97%; P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Given its inferior prognosis, further efforts are warranted to enhance the recognition and optimize the treatment of patients with LCH-associated HLH.

Sistema Hematopoético/imunologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/complicações , Fígado/imunologia , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/epidemiologia , Baço/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Sistema Hematopoético/patologia , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/imunologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Fígado/patologia , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/imunologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Baço/patologia , Adulto Jovem
J Cancer Surviv ; 10(1): 113-21, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26044903


PURPOSE: Current information regarding pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy among women treated for childhood cancer is insufficient to appropriately guide counseling and patient management. This study aims to characterize its prevalence within a large cohort of females exposed to cardiotoxic therapy. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of female cancer survivors treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between 1963 and 2006, at least 5 years from diagnosis, ≥13 years old at last follow-up, and with at least one successful pregnancy. Pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy was defined as shortening fraction <28 % or ejection fraction <50 % or treatment for cardiomyopathy during or up to 5 months after completion of pregnancy. RESULTS: Among the 847 female cancer survivors with 1554 completed pregnancies, only 3 (0.3 %) developed pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy and 40 developed non-pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy either 5 months postpartum (n = 14) or prior to pregnancy (n = 26). Among those with cardiomyopathy prior to pregnancy (n = 26), cardiac function deteriorated during pregnancy in eight patients (three patients with normalization of cardiac function prior to pregnancy, three with persistently abnormal cardiac function, and two for whom resolution of cardiomyopathy was unknown prior to pregnancy). Patients that developed cardiomyopathy received a higher median dose of anthracyclines compared to those that did not (321 versus 164 mg/m(2); p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy in childhood cancer survivors is rare. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Most female childhood cancer survivors will have no cardiac complications during or after childbirth; however, those with a history of cardiotoxic therapies should be followed carefully during pregnancy, particularly those with a history of anthracycline exposures and if they had documented previous or current subclinical or symptomatic cardiomyopathy.

Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/terapia , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem