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1.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622931

RESUMO

 : Comprehensive genomic profiling has been approved for use in patients with advanced solid tumours; however, it is only indicated in advanced solid tumour patients without available standard chemotherapeutic treatment or those who have completed standard treatments in Japan, and there are no available data on the clinical feasibility and utility of comprehensive genomic profiling in treatment-naive patients. This multicentre, single-arm, prospective study aims to evaluate the feasibility and utility of the OncoGuide NCC Oncopanel System in treatment-naive patients with six advanced major malignancies: non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer and biliary tract cancer (NCCH1908). This study (study cohort) will be compared with the other prospective observational study (control cohort), which enrols patients not receiving comprehensive genomic profiling prior to initial systemic treatment. A total of 200 patients will be enrolled in the study over 21 months. This study has been registered in the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/) (UMIN000040743). CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study, initiated in June 2020, has been registered in the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/) (registration number: UMIN000040743). We plan to enrol a total of 200 patients over a period of 21 months.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4489-4495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The chemokine receptors C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. This study investigated the relationship between relative expression of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA, clinicopathological factors, and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 202 patients who underwent surgery for CRC. The expression levels of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA in cancerous tissue were measured using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: High CCR7 mRNA expression levels in CRC tissues were positively associated with tumour size and were more frequently associated with cancer of the rectum than of the colon. Moreover, outcomes were significantly poorer in patients with high CCR7 mRNA expression than in those with low expression. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a higher CCR7 mRNA expression level was a significant independent predictor of poorer overall survival in patients with CRC. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CCR7 mRNA may be a useful independent prognostic factor in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
3.
In Vivo ; 35(5): 2771-2777, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are reported to associated with cancer metastasis, relapse, and chemoresistance. This study examined the clinical significance of the expression of two CSC markers, the transporter associated with antigen processing 1 (TAP1) and the Delta-like 4 (DLL4) protein, in patients with locally advanced GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was performed using samples obtained from 413 pathological stage II/III GC patients after curative gastrectomy. We examined TAP1 and DLL4 expression using immunohistochemical analysis with tissue microarray and examined the association between TAP1 or DLL4 expression, clinicopathological factors and survival. RESULTS: High TAP1 expression was associated with better overall survival compared to low TAP1 expression (p=0.004). Furthermore, in multivariate analysis, high TAP1 expression was defined as a predictive factor for good survival. There was no significant difference between DLL4 expression and clinicopathological features and overall survival. CONCLUSION: TAP1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Membro 2 da Subfamília B de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Apresentação do Antígeno , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(18): 2504-2507, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319660

RESUMO

ROS1 rearrangements are found in 1-2% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. The detection of the rearrangements is crucial since clinically effective molecular targeted drugs are available for them. We present a case of lung adenocarcinoma with a previously unknown ROS1-CD74 fusion variant, CD74 exon 3 fused to ROS1 exon 34, which was not detected by a conventional RT-PCR-based test for ROS1 fusion gene detection but identified by hybrid capture-based next-generation sequencing. This tumor responded to crizotinib initially and to entrectinib after relapse with brain metastasis, indicating the oncogenic activity of this novel fusion variant.

5.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3583-3588, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of PLA2G2A expression in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PLA2G2A expression levels in cancerous tissue specimens and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 134 patients with stage II/III GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Subsequently, the associations of PLA2G2A expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: No association was observed between clinicopathological features and PLA2G2A expression levels. Overall survival was significantly longer in patients with high PLA2G2A expression levels (p=0.022). Multivariate analysis revealed that PLA2G2A expression was a significant, independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio=0.136; 95% confidence interval=0.0185-0.992; p=0.049). CONCLUSION: PLA2G2A mRNA expression may serve as a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC who receive curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo II/metabolismo , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômago/patologia , Estômago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
J Anus Rectum Colon ; 5(2): 167-172, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937557

RESUMO

Objectives: Molecular profiling of marker mutations has become an essential aspect in the treatment planning for colorectal cancer (CRC). Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutations could be used as markers in CRC molecular profiling. However, the extremely low frequency of these mutations makes their confirmation in all patients inefficient. Thus, to determine whether ALK positivity could be indicated by morphological features, we have analyzed ALK positivity in CRC tissues with a signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) component. Methods: We screened cases of patients who underwent CRC surgical resection at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of the Kanagawa Cancer Center between January 2015 and December 2019. The selected samples were then assessed immunohistochemically using an antibody against p80 ALK. Results: In total, we were able to retrieve 29 cases of CRC with the SRCC component from the database; however, 5 cases were excluded owing to the absence of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections or the absence of the SRCC component when the tissues were observed. In the immunohistochemical analysis, two cases showed diffused positive immunoreactivity for ALK and were defined as ALK-positive CRC. Thus, the ALK positivity rate in CRC with SRCC was determined to be 8.3%. Conclusions: This present study sheds light on the morphological features of ALK-positive CRC. Our findings could contribute to the effective screening and improvement of front-line therapy for CRC.

7.
Anticancer Res ; 41(4): 2117-2122, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Stanniocalcin2 (STC2) is associated with proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in various cancers. We examined the clinical significance of STC2 mRNA expression in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative expression levels of STC2 mRNA in CRC tissues and corresponding normal mucosa obtained from 202 patients were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Expression of STC2 mRNA was higher in the cancer tissue than in the adjacent normal mucosa. STC2 mRNA expression in cancer tissues was associated with tumour size, liver metastasis, venous invasion, and lymph node metastasis. High expression of STC2 mRNA was significantly associated with poorer postoperative survival (p=0.0003). Multivariate analysis showed that high expression of STC2 mRNA was an independent predictor of postoperative survival. CONCLUSION: High expression of STC2 mRNA in CRC tissue may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Glicoproteínas/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Cancer Sci ; 112(5): 1936-1942, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453146

RESUMO

Extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma (EPNEC) is a lethal disease with a poor prognosis. Platinum-based chemotherapy is used as the standard first-line treatment for unresectable EPNEC. Several retrospective studies have reported the results of the utilization of temozolomide (TMZ) as a drug for the second-line treatment for EPNEC. Patients with unresectable EPNEC that were resistant to platinum-based combination chemotherapy were recruited for a prospective phase II study of TMZ monotherapy. A 200 mg/m2 dose of TMZ was given from day 1 to day 5, every 4 weeks. Response rate (RR) was evaluated as the primary end-point. The presence of O6 -methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in EPNEC patients was also evaluated as exploratory research. Thirteen patients were enrolled in this study. Primary lesions were pancreas (n = 3), stomach (n = 3), duodenum (n = 1), colon (n = 1), gallbladder (n = 1), liver (n = 1), uterus (n = 1), bladder (n = 1), and primary unknown (n = 1). Each case was defined as pathological poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma from surgically resected and/or biopsied specimens. The median Ki-67 labeling index was 60% (range, 22%-90%). The RR was 15.4%, progression-free survival was 1.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-2.7), overall survival (OS) was 7.8 months (95% CI, 6.0-9.5), and OS from first-line treatment was 19.2 months (95% CI, 15.1-23.3). No grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicity had occurred and there was one case of grade 3 nausea. One case presented MGMT deficiency and this case showed partial response. Temozolomide monotherapy is a feasible, modestly effective, and safe treatment for patients with unresectable EPNEC following platinum-based chemotherapy, especially those with MGMT deficiency.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/enzimologia , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/mortalidade , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/enzimologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Neoplasias Duodenais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Duodenais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/enzimologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , O(6)-Metilguanina-DNA Metiltransferase/análise , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Temozolomida/administração & dosagem , Temozolomida/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Uterinas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia
9.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(2): 174-182, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316125

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate gender-dependent antitumor immune response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. METHODS: This study enrolled 58 patients (25 females and 33 males) with borderline resectable PDAC who underwent R0 surgical resection after NACRT. The resected tumor specimens were analyzed for tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs); tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (CD8+ and CD4+ T cells); regulatory T cells; and IRF-5-expressing cells using immunohistochemical staining for CD163, CD204, CD8, CD4, Foxp3, and IRF-5 antigen. The relationship between clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes was evaluated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis. RESULTS: Females had longer overall survival (P = .044) and relapse-free survival (P = .044) than males. The CD204+ TAM number was significantly lower in females than in males (P = .009). No significant difference occurred between female and male patients in other tumor-infiltrating immune cells. IRF-5+ cell number was significantly higher in female patients (P = .002). Negative correlation occurred between CD204+ cells and IRF-5-positive cells (P = .003, r = -.385). CONCLUSIONS: Female gender was an independent prognostic factor possibly due to the greater reduction in CD204+ TAM infiltration in tumors after NACRT. The beneficial effects of NACRT on TAMs' infiltration might be associated with gender-dependent IRF-5 expression.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor
10.
In Vivo ; 34(6): 3241-3245, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The discovery of the nude mouse model enabled the experimental growth of human-patient tumors. However, the low establishment rate of tumors in nude and other immunodeficient strains of mice has limited wide-spread clinical use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to increase the establishment rate of surgical specimens of patient tumors, we transplanted tumors to nude mice subcutaneously along with large amounts of surrounding tissue of the tumor. RESULTS: The new transplantation method increased the establishment rate in nude mice to 66% compared to the old method of implanting the surgical tumor specimen with surrounding tissue removed (14%). High stage and presence of metastasis in the patient donor are positively correlated to tumor engraftment in nude mice. CONCLUSION: The new method can potentially allow most cancer patients who undergo surgery or biopsy to have their own mouse model for drug-sensitivity testing.


Assuntos
Objetivos , Neoplasias , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
11.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(12): 3599-3604, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034420

RESUMO

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are used as first-line treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring driver mutations in EGFR, ALK, ROS1, and BRAF. Currently, standard molecular testing approaches help identify single genes for such targetable driver mutations in NSCLC; however, next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based genetic profiling provides a more comprehensive approach and is hence strongly recommended. This case study aimed to highlight the benefits of NGS-based tests for the diagnosis of complex EGFR L858R mutations. A patient was diagnosed with stage IVB NSCLC using a government-approved in vitro diagnostic test and was noted to have a high programmed death-ligand 1 tumor proportion score. This patient was treated with pembrolizumab monotherapy followed by cisplatin and pemetrexed owing to the lack of actionable driver gene mutations, including EGFR mutations. After treatment failure, a sample harvested from the same transbronchial lung biopsy specimen (formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded) used for the initial EGFR test was subjected to NGS-based broad genetic profiling. The NGS-based test identified an EGFR L858R-K860I cis doublet mutation; however, neither of these mutations was identified upon initial molecular testing. The patient was then successfully treated with a third-generation EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, osimertinib. In this study, we delved deeper into the realm of L858R and K860I mutations in NSCLC and discuss the potential causes underlying our initial negative diagnosis. Furthermore, this study highlighted the additional benefits of replacing typical molecular tests with NGS-based broad profiling approaches. KEY POINTS: SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS OF THE STUDY: The EGFR L858R-K860I cis doublet mutation was not detected by a PCR-based EGFR test. A next generation sequencing (NGS)-based test was able to identify the L858R-K860I cis doublet mutation. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: Osimertinib was effective in an NSCLC patient with EGFR L858R and K860I mutations.

12.
Anticancer Res ; 40(11): 6407-6416, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are involved in cancer metastasis and relapse. Therefore, identification of CSC biomarkers might help determine the success of a treatment. In this study, we examined the expression of four CSC markers: Cluster of differentiation 44 variant (CD44v), leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5), frizzled 7 (FZD7), and muscle, intestine and stomach expression 1 (MIST1), in cancer tissues of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer at >5 years after resection, and its clinical significance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined the expression of each CSC marker in 360 patients with NSCLC (n=360) who underwent curative resection by immunohistochemical analysis of tissue microarrays, and determined its relationship with survival. RESULTS: High expression of MIST1 was related to better overall survival (p<0.05); high CD44v expression was associated with poor overall and recurrence-free survival (p<0.001 for both) and thus, CD44v was defined as an independent prognostic factor (p<0.05), according to a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Tumoral CD44v expression might be a useful prognostic marker for patients after curative resection of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Receptores de Hialuronatos/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética
13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5815-5821, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Glioma-associated oncogene 1 (GLI1) is an important transcription factor in the hedgehog signalling pathway and tumour formation. We evaluated the clinical significance of GLI1 expression as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: GLI1 expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of cancerous and adjacent normal mucosa specimens obtained from 142 patients with Stage II/III GC administered adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection. The associations of GLI1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Clinicopathological features and GLI1 expression showed no association. Overall survival was significantly poorer in the high compared to the low GLI1 expression group (p=0.04). Multivariate analysis revealed that GLI1 expression was a significant independent prognostic factor [p=0.019, hazard ratio (HR)=1.94, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.70-3.38]. CONCLUSION: GLI1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/efeitos adversos
14.
Oncotarget ; 11(30): 2906-2918, 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The findings of COMPASS, a randomized phase II study, suggested that the regimens and courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for locally advanced gastric cancer (GC) did not affect the pathological response. However, pathological complete response was achieved in 10% patients who received four courses of either S-1/cisplatin or paclitaxel/cisplatin. We hypothesized that if relevant biomarkers could be used to predict the suitable NAC regimen before treatment initiation, further improvements could be ensured in the outcomes of locally advanced GC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA extraction, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed using endoscopic biopsy specimens of primary tumors, collected prior to NAC, to determine the clinically relevant biomarkers. RESULTS: TIMP1, DSG2, RRM1, MUC2, EGFR, ZDHHC14, and CLDN18.2 were identified as biomarker candidates, since their expression was significantly associated with the pathological responses to each NAC regimen. Furthermore, TIMP1 and DSG2 were identified as predictive biomarkers of the pathological response to each NAC regimen. CONCLUSIONS: The effective prediction of the pathological response to NAC regimens in locally advanced GC using biomarkers identified from endoscopic biopsy specimens indicates the possibility of personalizing NAC based on biomarker analysis.

15.
Transl Oncol ; 13(3): 100746, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105991

RESUMO

Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), the most common premalignant lesion of the pancreas, is a histologically well-defined precursor to invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the progression of PanINs have not been fully elucidated. Previously, we demonstrated that the expression of collapsin response mediator protein 4 (CRMP4) in PDAC was associated with poor prognosis. The expression of CRMP4 was also augmented in a pancreatitis mouse model. However, the role of CRMP4 in the progression of PanIN lesions remains uncertain. In the present study, we examined the relationship between CRMP4 expression and progression of PanIN lesions using genetically engineered mouse models. PanIN lesions were induced by peritoneal injection of the cholecystokinin analog caerulein in LSL-KRASG12D; Pdx1-Cre (KC-Crmp4 wild-type, WT) mice and LSL-KRASG12D; Pdx1-Cre; Crmp4-/- (KC-Crmp4 knockout, KO) mice. We analyzed pancreatic tissue sections from these mice and evaluated PanIN grade by hematoxylin and eosin staining. CRMP4 expression was examined and the cellular components assessed by immunohistochemistry using antibodies against CRMP4, CD3, and α-smooth muscle actin (SMA). The incidence of high-grade PanIN in KC-Crmp4 WT mice was higher than that in KC-Crmp4 KO animals. CRMP4 was expressed not only in epithelial cells but also in αSMA-positive cells in stromal areas of PanIN lesions. The CRMP4 expression in stromal areas correlated with PanIN grade in WT mice. These results suggested that the expression of CRMP4 in stromal cells may underlie the incidence or progression of PanIN.

16.
Cancer Lett ; 469: 332-339, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639427

RESUMO

Sarcoma is a rare and recalcitrant malignancy. Although immune and novel targeted therapies have been tested on many cancer types, few sarcoma patients have had durable responses with such therapy. Doxorubicin and cisplatinum are still first-line chemotherapy after four decades. Our laboratory has established the patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model using surgical orthotopic implantation (SOI). Many promising results have been obtained using the sarcoma PDOX model for identifying effective approved drugs and experimental therapeutics, as well as combinations of them for individual patients. In this review, we present our laboratory's experience with PDOX models of sarcoma, and the ability of the PDOX models to identify effective approved agents, as well as experimental therapeutics.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , Pacientes , Sarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/patologia
17.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 461-467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a soluble proteoglycan which has important role in various biological events. We investigated the impact of the ESM-1 expression in cancer tissues on outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ESM-1 mRNA expression in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal mucosa from 253 patients was measured. The associations between the ESM-1 gene expression and the survival and clinicopathological features were investigated. RESULTS: A significant association was observed between high ESM-1 expression and undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. The overall survival curve was significantly lower in patients with high ESM-1 expression than in those with low expression (p=0.005). High ESM-1 expression was a significant independent prognosticator (HR=2.291, p=0.007). CONCLUSION: ESM-1 gene expression in cancerous tissues is an important prognosticator in stage II/III gastric cancer patients who received adjuvant S-1 chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Cancer Lett ; 469: 217-227, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669204

RESUMO

The pancreatic cancer microenvironment is crucial in cancer development, progression and drug resistance. Cancer-stromal interactions have been recognized as important targets for cancer therapy. However, identifying relevant and druggable cancer-stromal interactions is challenging due to the lack of quantitative methods to analyze the whole cancer-stromal interactome. Here we studied 14 resected pancreatic cancer specimens (8 pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients as a cancer group and 6 intraductal papillary-mucinous adenoma (IPMA) patients as a control). Shotgun proteomics of the stromal lesion dissected with laser captured microdissection (LCM) was performed, and identified 102 differentially expressed proteins in pancreatic cancer stroma. Next, we obtained gene expression data in human pancreatic cancer and normal pancreatic tissue from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (n = 169) and The Genotype-Tissue Expression database (n = 197), and identified 1435 genes, which were differentially expressed in pancreatic cancer cells. To identify relevant and druggable cancer-stromal-interaction targets, we applied these datasets to our in-house ligand-receptor database. Finally, we identified 9 key genes and 8 key cancer-stromal-interaction targets for PDAC patients. Furthermore, we examined FN1 and ITGA3 protein expression in pancreatic cancer tissues using tissue microarrays (TMAs) of 271 PDAC cases, and demonstrated that FN1-ITGA3 had unfavorable prognostic impact for PDAC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Células Estromais/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Integrina alfa3/metabolismo , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Microdissecção e Captura a Laser , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/citologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Proteômica , RNA-Seq , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 75-86, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754833

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The enzymes gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) and folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS) regulate intracellular folate concentrations needed for cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, and repair. High GGH expression affects 5-FU thymidylate synthase (TS) inhibition and is a risk factor for various malignancies. Here, the clinical significance of GGH and FPGS expression was investigated in Stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. METHODS: Surgical specimens of cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa, obtained from 253 patients with previously untreated gastric cancer, were examined. GGH and FPGS mRNA expression was measured by qPCR to evaluate their clinicopathological significance in gastric cancer patients after curative resection. RESULTS: While FPGS expression showed no significant differences between the cancerous and normal samples, GGH expression was higher in cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH expression was correlated with age, histological type, and vascular invasion. Overall survival (OS) of patients with high GGH mRNA expression was significantly poorer than of patients with low GGH expression. Multivariate analysis showed that high GGH expression was an independent prognostic factor of OS (HR: 2.58, 95% CI 1.29-5.16). Patients who received S-1 adjuvant treatment showed a significantly poor OS between high GGH/low FPGS and low GGH/high FPGS. Patients without adjuvant treatment showed no significant difference. CONCLUSION: GGH expression was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissue than in adjacent normal mucosa. High GGH and low FPGS expression is a useful independent predictor of poor outcomes in stage II/III gastric cancer patients undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Peptídeo Sintases/biossíntese , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/enzimologia , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Peptídeo Sintases/genética , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/genética
20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6567-6573, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The KIAA1199 gene has been associated with cancer-cell proliferation, but its functions remain poorly studied. Here, we examined the clinical significance of the KIAA1199 mRNA levels in locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). Materials and Methods/Results: Using samples from 254 patients with stage II/III GC, we found significantly higher KIAA1199 levels in cancerous tissues compared to adjacent normal mucosa (ANM). There was no significant relationship between KIAA1199 expression and clinical features. Although overall survival rates (OSR) of patients, who underwent surgery did not correlate with KIAA1199 expression, patients who underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and had high KIAA1199 levels displayed significantly lower OSR. KIAA1199 knock down (KIAA1199-KD) suppressed proliferation, invasiveness, and sensitivity of GC cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). CONCLUSION: KIAA1199 expression appears to be a promising prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC, who underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. KIAA1199 may represent a novel target for GC pharmacotherapy.


Assuntos
Hialuronoglucosaminidase/genética , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
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