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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360734

RESUMO

Biomimetic design provides novel opportunities for enhancing and functionalizing biomaterials. Here we created a zirconia surface with cactus-inspired meso-scale spikes and bone-inspired nano-scale trabecular architecture and examined its biological activity in bone generation and integration. Crisscrossing laser etching successfully engraved 60 µm wide, cactus-inspired spikes on yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) with 200-300 nm trabecular bone-inspired interwoven structures on the entire surface. The height of the spikes was varied from 20 to 80 µm for optimization. Average roughness (Sa) increased from 0.10 µm (polished smooth surface) to 18.14 µm (80 µm-high spikes), while the surface area increased by up to 4.43 times. The measured dimensions of the spikes almost perfectly correlated with their estimated dimensions (R2 = 0.998). The dimensional error of forming the architecture was 1% as a coefficient of variation. Bone marrow-derived osteoblasts were cultured on a polished surface and on meso- and nano-scale hybrid textured surfaces with different spike heights. The osteoblastic differentiation was significantly promoted on the hybrid-textured surfaces compared with the polished surface, and among them the hybrid-textured surface with 40 µm-high spikes showed unparalleled performance. In vivo bone-implant integration also peaked when the hybrid-textured surface had 40 µm-high spikes. The relationships between the spike height and measures of osteoblast differentiation and the strength of bone and implant integration were non-linear. The controllable creation of meso- and nano-scale hybrid biomimetic surfaces established in this study may provide a novel technological platform and design strategy for future development of biomaterial surfaces to improve bone integration and regeneration.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanoestruturas/química , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Zircônio , Animais , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Cactaceae , Masculino , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Osteoblastos/citologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Zircônio/química , Zircônio/farmacologia
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202795

RESUMO

It is a significant challenge for a titanium implant, which is a bio-inert material, to recruit osteogenic factors, such as osteoblasts, proteins and blood effectively when these are contained in a biomaterial. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of ultraviolet (UV)-treatment of titanium on surface wettability and the recruitment of osteogenic factors when they are contained in an atelocollagen sponge. UV treatment of a dental implant made of commercially pure titanium was performed with UV-light for 12 min immediately prior to the experiments. Superhydrophilicity on dental implant surfaces was generated with UV-treatment. The collagen sponge containing blood, osteoblasts, or albumin was directly placed on the dental implant. Untreated implants absorbed only a little blood from the collagen sponge, while the UV-treated implants absorbed blood rapidly and allowed it to spread widely, almost over the entire implant surface. Blood coverage was 3.5 times greater for the UV-treated implants (p < 0.001). Only 6% of the osteoblasts transferred from the collagen sponge to the untreated implants, whereas 16% of the osteoblasts transferred to the UV-treated implants (p < 0.001). In addition, a weight ratio between transferred albumin on the implant and measured albumin adsorbed on the implant was 17.3% in untreated implants and 38.5% in UV-treated implants (p < 0.05). These results indicated that UV treatment converts a titanium surface into a superhydrophilic and bio-active material, which could recruite osteogenic factors even when they were contained in a collagen sponge. The transfer and subsequent diffusion and adsorption efficacy of UV-treated titanium surfaces could be useful for bone formation when titanium surfaces and osteogenic factors are intervened with a biomaterial.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Colágeno , Osteogênese , Titânio , Raios Ultravioleta , Adsorção , Albuminas , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Colágeno/química , Implantes Dentários , Difusão , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Osseointegração , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química , Molhabilidade
3.
Cranio ; : 1-4, 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275422

RESUMO

Background: Osteochondromas of the mandibular condyle show facial asymmetry and malocclusion. Because condylar osteochondromas are generally resected in a preauricular approach with risks of facial nerve injury and visible scar, the authors report endoscopically assisted intraoral resection of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle with a piezoelectric surgical device.Case presentation: A 38-year-old woman presented with malocclusion and facial asymmetry caused by deviation of the chin to the left. Computed tomography showed a hyperdense, well-circumscribed mass arising from the medial aspect of the right mandibular condyle with resorption of the skull base. The patient underwent an endoscopically-assisted intraoral condylectomy with a piezoelectric surgical device. The postoperative course was uneventful without trismus, malocclusion, or facial asymmetry, and there was no recurrence 4 years after surgery.Conclusion:Endoscopically assisted intraoral resection of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle with a piezoelectric surgical device is a minimally invasive and safe surgery.

4.
J Oral Implantol ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760031

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine the most secure implant positioning on the marginally resected mandible to support a fixed complete denture through finite element analysis. Three or four implants were placed at near, middle, or far positions from the resected margin in a simulation model with a symmetrical marginal defect in the mandibular symphysis. The height of the residual bone was 5, 10, or 15 mm. The four possible implant patterns for 3 or 4 implants were defined as: (1) asymmetrically isolated position one to position two, (2) asymmetrically isolated position one to position three, (3) asymmetrically isolated with greater length position one to position two, and (4) two implants symmetrically positioned on each side of the defect. The von Mises stress in the resected and peri-implant bone with respect to the occlusal force was calculated. Initially, as the peri-implant bone stress around isolated implant at the near position was greater than at the middle and far positions regardless of the residual bone height, the near position was excluded. Second, the von Mises stress in the resected bone region was > 10 MPa when the isolated implant was at the far position, and it increased inversely depending on the bone height. However, the stress was < 10 MPa when the isolated implant was placed at the middle position regardless of the bone height, and it was significantly lower compared to the far position, and equivalent to the symmetrically positioned implants. Furthermore, the use of greater length implant reduced the peri-implant bone stress, which was even lower than that of the symmetrically positioned implants. These results suggest that the asymmetrically positioned three-implant-supported fixed denture, using a greater length isolated implant, placed neither too close to nor too far from the resected margin, can be an effective alternative to the symmetrically positioned four-implant-supported fixed denture.

5.
Oral Radiol ; 37(1): 137-145, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32607939

RESUMO

Actinomycotic osteomyelitis is an aggressive and persistent disease capable of invading and destroying bone, and chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis represents new bone formation with periosteal reaction. We report a rare case of actinomycotic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis arising in the mandibular ramus and spontaneous bone regeneration after coronoidectomy. A 14-year-old girl was referred for swelling in the right parotid-masseteric region and severe trismus. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed that heterogenous enhancement of the right masseter muscle, and a reactive bone formation over the lateral cortex of the right mandibular ramus and osteolysis of the condyle were seen in plain CT. MRI showed that the mandibular ramus was a low-signal intensity and the reactive bone on the ramus was signal intensity similar to muscle on T1-weighted images. The lesion was clinically and radiologically diagnosed as chronic osteomyelitis of the mandibular ramus. However, a biopsy was performed intraorally under general anesthesia to rule out a malignant bone tumor, and pathological examination showed fibrous bone and Actinomyces druses. Finally, the lesion was diagnosed as actinomycotic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis. She underwent image-guided intraoral removal of impacted right third molar and reactive proliferative bone on the right mandibular ramus under general anesthesia. To improve trismus, coronoidectomy also was performed. After the discharge, AMPC was administrated intraorally for 7.5 months. Postoperative panoramic radiograph and CT showed the right mandibular angle resorption and coronoid process regeneration. There was no recurrence of mandibular osteomyelitis 7 years after surgery.


Assuntos
Doenças Mandibulares , Osteomielite , Periostite , Adolescente , Regeneração Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Doenças Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Mandibulares/cirurgia , Osteomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/cirurgia
6.
Oral Radiol ; 37(1): 125-129, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440975

RESUMO

We report a rare case of schwannoma arising from the sublingual glandular branch of the lingual nerve radiologically masquerading as sublingual gland tumor. A 42-year-old female was referred to our department with a painless swelling in the left submandibular region. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed, heterogeneous low-density tumor with cystic change in the left sublingual region. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-circumscribed, heterogeneous sublingual tumor with low-signal intensity on T1-weighted image and high-signal intensity in T2-weighted image. The lesion was diagnosed radiologically as benign sublingual gland tumor. The patient underwent resection of sublingual gland tumor under general anesthesia. There was no definitive continuity between the tumor and the sublingual gland, and the tumor originated from sublingual glandular branch of the lingual nerve. Pathological examination of the specimen showed schwannoma with highly cellular areas (Antoni A) and hypocellular areas (Antoni B). The postoperative course was uneventful without lingual nerve palsy, and there was no recurrence 4 years after surgery.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma , Neoplasias da Glândula Sublingual , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Nervo Lingual/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Lingual/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Glândula Sublingual/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Sublingual/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Sublingual/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Sublingual/cirurgia
7.
Oral Radiol ; 37(2): 251-255, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reevaluate preoperative computed tomography lymphography (CTL) and enhanced CT images during follow-up to clarify whether SLNs enhanced by CTL were identified accurately before primary surgery with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for clinically N0 early oral cancer. METHODS: Thirty two early oral cancer patients without cervical lymph node metastasis were enrolled in this study. To clarify whether SLNs enhanced by CTL were identified accurately before primary surgery with SLNB, we reevaluated preoperative CTL and enhanced CT images during follow-up in all patients. RESULTS: SLNs were detected by CTL in 31 of 32 patients (96.9%). During follow-up after primary surgery with SLNB, 4 of 27 patients without SLN metastasis had occult neck metastasis. Of the 4 patients, only 1 patient with cancer of floor of the mouth had overlooking of SLN, and the overlooking rate of SLN was 3.1%. The overlooked small SLN (2.9 × 3.3 × 3.1 mm) was located at contralateral level IB. The CT numbers before, 2, 5, 10 min after iopamidol injection, were 33 HU, 37 HU, 62 HU, 52 HU, respectively. The CT numbers of overlooked SLN 5 and 10 min after the injection was higher than CT images scanned before the iopamidol injection. CONCLUSIONS: The enhancement of SLNs in CTL images after iopamidol injection should be compared sufficiently with CT images before iopamidol injection to avoid overlooking of SLNs in N0 early oral cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Linfonodo Sentinela , Humanos , Linfografia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodo Sentinela/diagnóstico por imagem , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(18)2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906598

RESUMO

Titanium-based implant abutments and tissue bars are polished during the finalization. We hypothesized that polishing degrades the bioactivity of titanium, and, if this is the case, photofunctionalization-grade UV treatment can alleviate the adverse effect. Three groups of titanium disks were prepared; machined surface, polished surface and polished surface followed by UV treatment (polished/UV surface). Polishing was performed by the sequential use of greenstone and silicon rubber burs. UV treatment was performed using a UV device for 12 min. Hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity was examined by the contact angle of ddH2O. The surface morphology and chemistry of titanium were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Human epithelium cells were seeded on titanium disks. The number of cells attached, the spreading behavior of cells and the retention on titanium surfaces were examined. The polished surfaces were smooth with only minor scratches, while the machined surfaces showed traces and metal flashes made by machine-turning. The polished surfaces showed a significantly increased percentage of surface carbon compared to machined surfaces. The carbon percentage on polished/UV surfaces was even lower than that on machined surfaces. A silicon element was detected on polished surfaces but not on polished/UV surfaces. Both machined and polished surfaces were hydrophobic, whereas polished/UV surfaces were hydrophilic. The number of attached cells after 24 h of incubation was 60% lower on polished surfaces than on machined surfaces. The number of attached cells on polished/UV surfaces was even higher than that on machined surfaces. The size and perimeter of cells, which was significantly reduced on polished surfaces, were fully restored on polished/UV surfaces. The number of cells remained adherent after mechanical detachment was reduced to half on polished surfaces compared to machined surfaces. The number of adherent cells on polished/UV surfaces was two times higher than on machined surfaces. In conclusion, polishing titanium causes chemical contamination, while smoothing its surface significantly compromised the attachment and retention of human epithelial cells. The UV treatment of polished titanium surfaces reversed these adverse effects and even outperformed the inherent bioactivity of the original titanium.

10.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847061

RESUMO

Our objective was to evaluate the seven-year results of photofunctionalized implants placed in regular, complex, and cancer-related cases. This study was a prospective, single-center study. Photofunctionalization was performed immediately prior to implantation with Ultraviolet (UV) light for 15 minutes. The success rate of each patient group and the influential factors on implant failure were analyzed. Seventy implants in 16 patients were included. Four implants were left submerged (sleep). The seven-year success rate of 30 implants in regular cases and 21 implants in complex cases was 100%. The success rate of 15 implants in cancer-related cases was 22.2%, in which implants were placed in resection or reconstructed sites with or without pre- or postoperative radiation history. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) values increased at second-stage surgery by 3.2 in regular cases and by 21.9 in complex cases, while it decreased by -3.5 in cancer cases. Multivariate analysis indicated that bone quality, location, and cancer resection significantly influenced implant failure. A very reliable seven-year success rate was obtained by UV-photofunctionalized implants in regular and complex cases, even with significant site-development procedures. However, the success rate in cancer cases was significantly and remarkably lower, suggesting remaining challenges of pathophysiologically compromised conditions, such as bone resection, segmental defect, and radiation.

14.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 145561320937080, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579433
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(12)2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545509

RESUMO

Titanium materials are essential treatment modalities in the medical field and serve as a tissue engineering scaffold and coating material for medical devices. Thus, there is a significant demand to improve the bioactivity of titanium for therapeutic and experimental purposes. We showed that ultraviolet light (UV)-pre-treatment changed the protein-adsorption ability and subsequent osteoconductivity of titanium. Fibronectin (FN) adsorption on UV-treated titanium was 20% and 30% greater after 1-min and 1-h incubation, respectively, than that of control titanium. After 3-h incubation, FN adsorption on UV-treated titanium remained 30% higher than that on the control. Osteoblasts were cultured on titanium disks after 1-h FN adsorption with or without UV-pre-treatment and on titanium disks without FN adsorption. The number of attached osteoblasts during the early stage of culture was 80% greater on UV-treated and FN-adsorbed (UV/FN) titanium than on FN-adsorbed (FN) titanium; osteoblasts attachment on UV/FN titanium was 2.6- and 2.1-fold greater than that on control- and UV-treated titanium, respectively. The alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblasts on UV/FN titanium was increased 1.8-, 1.8-, and 2.4-fold compared with that on FN-adsorbed, UV-treated, and control titanium, respectively. The UV/FN implants exhibited 25% and 150% greater in vivo biomechanical strength of bone integration than the FN- and control implants, respectively. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) adsorption on UV-treated titanium was 4.5-fold greater than that on control titanium after 1-min incubation, resulting in a 4-fold increase in osteoblast attachment. Thus, UV-pre-treatment of titanium accelerated its protein adsorptivity and osteoconductivity, providing a novel strategy for enhancing its bioactivity.


Assuntos
Substitutos Ósseos/química , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteoblastos/citologia , Titânio/química , Adsorção , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Regeneração Óssea , Substitutos Ósseos/efeitos da radiação , Adesão Celular , Células Cultivadas , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Ratos , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta
16.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(10): 1834.e1-1834.e9, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428461

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The straight locking miniplate (SLM) technique is a straightforward method to accurately reposition the maxilla during bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. The present study evaluated the accuracy of the SLM technique in maintaining the condylar position during surgery without the use of a cutting guide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present prospective, single-center study was conducted at Yokohama City University between 2016 and 2017 and included patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the fixation method used for the mandibular segments. The mandibular segments were fixed with miniplates either manually (manual group) or using the SLM technique (SLM group). Computed tomography was performed before and 3 days after surgery to compare the condylar position. The bodily and rotational movements of the condyle were analyzed. RESULTS: The subjects were 18 Japanese patients (36 condyles) who had undergone bilateral set back surgery with Le Fort I osteotomy. The amount of bodily movements in the manual and SLM groups were 1.44 and 0.62 mm, respectively. The degree of rotational movement in the sagittal plane in the manual and SLM groups was 3.33° and 0.23°, respectively. The bodily and rotational movements in the SLM group were significantly smaller than those in the manual group (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that use of the SLM technique reduces the risk of condylar positional changes to less than 1 mm during orthognathic surgery without the use of any complex devices or a cutting guide.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Cefalometria , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Côndilo Mandibular/cirurgia , Osteotomia de Le Fort , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(7)2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244335

RESUMO

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based bone cement, which is widely used to affix orthopedic metallic implants, is considered bio-tolerant but lacks osteoconductivity and is cytotoxic. Implant loosening and toxic complications are significant and recognized problems. Here we devised two strategies to improve PMMA-based bone cement: (1) adding 4-methacryloyloxylethyl trimellitate anhydride (4-META) to MMA monomer to render it hydrophilic; and (2) using tri-n-butyl borane (TBB) as a polymerization initiator instead of benzoyl peroxide (BPO) to reduce free radical production. Rat bone marrow-derived osteoblasts were cultured on PMMA-BPO, common bone cement ingredients, and 4-META/MMA-TBB, newly formulated ingredients. After 24 h of incubation, more cells survived on 4-META/MMA-TBB than on PMMA-BPO. The mineralized area was 20-times greater on 4-META/MMA-TBB than PMMA-BPO at the later culture stage and was accompanied by upregulated osteogenic gene expression. The strength of bone-to-cement integration in rat femurs was 4- and 7-times greater for 4-META/MMA-TBB than PMMA-BPO during early- and late-stage healing, respectively. MicroCT and histomorphometric analyses revealed contact osteogenesis exclusively around 4-META/MMA-TBB, with minimal soft tissue interposition. Hydrophilicity of 4-META/MMA-TBB was sustained for 24 h, particularly under wet conditions, whereas PMMA-BPO was hydrophobic immediately after mixing and was unaffected by time or condition. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy revealed that the free radical production for 4-META/MMA-TBB was 1/10 to 1/20 that of PMMA-BPO within 24 h, and the substantial difference persisted for at least 10 days. The compromised ability of PMMA-BPO in recruiting cells was substantially alleviated by adding free radical-scavenging amino-acid N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) into the material, whereas adding NAC did not affect the ability of 4-META/MMA-TBB. These results suggest that 4-META/MMA-TBB shows significantly reduced cytotoxicity compared to PMMA-BPO and induces osteoconductivity due to uniquely created hydrophilic and radical-free interface. Further pre-clinical and clinical validations are warranted.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Metilmetacrilatos/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Artroplastia de Quadril , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Cimentos Ósseos/química , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Boranos , Compostos de Boro/química , Calcificação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Radicais Livres/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Metilmetacrilato/química , Metilmetacrilatos/química , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/patologia , Osteogênese/genética , Fenótipo , Polimerização , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/farmacologia , Próteses e Implantes , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 104: 103635, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174393

RESUMO

Compromised osteoblast attachment on hydroxyapatite could be involved in the development of bone healing failure. We developed a bone-compatible scaffold that mimics bone structure with sub-micron hydroxyapatite (HA) surfaces, so that we could evaluate the effects of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate (N-BP) on osteoblast behavior and bone healing. Human osteoblasts were seeded onto the bone-compatible scaffold with or without N-BP, and cell attachment and spreading behavior were evaluated 4 and 24 h after seeding. Then, mineralization was evaluated at 7 and 14 days. The osteoconductive activity of the scaffold was evaluated by implantation for 3 and 6 weeks into a rat cranial bone defect. The numbers of osteoblasts and their diameters were significantly less in N-BP-binding scaffolds than in untreated scaffolds at 4 and 24 h. Mineralization were also significantly less in the N-BP-binding scaffolds than in controls at 7 and 14 days. In vivo study revealed bone formation in N-BP-binding scaffolds was significantly less than in untreated scaffolds at 3 and 6 weeks. These results suggest that N-BP-binding to HA inhibited osteoblast attachment and spreading, thereby compromising bone healing process in the injured bone defect site.


Assuntos
Difosfonatos , Tecidos Suporte , Animais , Difosfonatos/farmacologia , Durapatita , Nitrogênio , Osteoblastos , Ratos , Engenharia Tecidual
19.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 73(7): 1326-1330, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197886

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study sought to determine the effectiveness of subspinal Le Fort I osteotomy (SLFIO) in preventing nasal deformation, by analyzing changes in the nasal profile on three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) images. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The participants were 39 Japanese patients with mandibular prognathism (6 men and 33 women) who underwent bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy and Le Fort I osteotomy with maxillary advancement: SLFIO was performed in 20 patients and conventional Le Fort I osteotomy (CLFIO) in 19 patients. All patients underwent modified alar base cinch suture, V-Y closure, and reduction of the piriform aperture. CT data acquired before and 1 year after the surgery were evaluated three-dimensionally with software to determine changes in the nasal profile. RESULTS: Changes in alar width, alar base width, nasal length, and nasofrontal angle were significantly smaller following SLFIO than following CLFIO, although there were no significant differences in nasal projection, nasal tip angle, or nasolabial angle between two procedures. CONCLUSION: SLFIO for anterior repositioning of the maxilla can prevent undesirable transverse soft tissue changes of the nose.


Assuntos
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/prevenção & controle , Osteotomia de Le Fort/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Mitochondrion ; 52: 1-7, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045714

RESUMO

We identified Coxfa4l3, previously called C15orf48 or Nmes1, as a novel accessory protein of Complex IV of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC). Amino acid sequence comparison, the intracellular localization and the protein expression data showed that the protein is the third isoform of Coxfa4 and the expression of Coxfa4 and Coxfa4l3 proteins during spermatogenesis showed a mutually exclusive pattern, implying that Coxfa4 replaces Coxfa4l3 in Complex IV after meiosis. These results may provide some insight into the unique mechanism of ATP production in late spermatogenesis.


Assuntos
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Espermatogênese , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Especificidade de Órgãos , Proteômica
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