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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 108(31): 12641-6, 2011 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21768341


The extraction of rotational energy from a spinning black hole via the Blandford-Znajek mechanism has long been understood as an important component in models to explain energetic jets from compact astrophysical sources. Here we show more generally that the kinetic energy of the black hole, both rotational and translational, can be tapped, thereby producing even more luminous jets powered by the interaction of the black hole with its surrounding plasma. We study the resulting Poynting jet that arises from single boosted black holes and binary black hole systems. In the latter case, we find that increasing the orbital angular momenta of the system and/or the spins of the individual black holes results in an enhanced Poynting flux.

Fenômenos Astronômicos , Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos , Meio Ambiente Extraterreno , Gravitação , Algoritmos , Astronomia/métodos , Astronomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Galáxias , Modelos Teóricos
Phys Rev Lett ; 100(19): 191101, 2008 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18518432


We investigate the influence of magnetic fields upon the dynamics of, and resulting gravitational waves from, a binary neutron-star merger in full general relativity coupled to ideal magnetohydrodynamics. We consider two merger scenarios: one where the stars have aligned poloidal magnetic fields and one without. Both mergers result in a strongly differentially rotating object. In comparison to the nonmagnetized scenario, the aligned magnetic fields delay the full merger of the stars. During and after merger we observe phenomena driven by the magnetic field, including Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities in shear layers, winding of the field lines, and transition from poloidal to toroidal magnetic fields. These effects not only mediate the production of electromagnetic radiation, but also can have a strong influence on the gravitational waves. Thus, there are promising prospects for studying such systems with both types of waves.

Phys Rev Lett ; 93(13): 131101, 2004 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15524699


We report a new critical solution found at the threshold of axisymmetric gravitational collapse of a complex scalar field with angular momentum. To carry angular momentum the scalar field cannot be axisymmetric; however, its azimuthal dependence is defined so that the resulting stress-energy tensor and spacetime metric are axisymmetric. The critical solution found is nonspherical, discretely self-similar with an echoing exponent Delta=0.42(+/-4%), and exhibits a scaling exponent gamma=0.11(+/-10%) in near-critical collapse. Our simulations suggest that the solution is universal (within the imposed symmetry class), modulo a family-dependent constant, complex phase.