Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 55
Filtrar
1.
Trials ; 22(1): 595, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic lower limb ischemia develops earlier and more frequently in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes remains the main cause of lower-extremity non-traumatic amputations. Current medical treatment, based on antiplatelet therapy and statins, has demonstrated deficient improvement of the disease. In recent years, research has shown that it is possible to improve tissue perfusion through therapeutic angiogenesis. Both in animal models and humans, it has been shown that cell therapy can induce therapeutic angiogenesis, making mesenchymal stromal cell-based therapy one of the most promising therapeutic alternatives. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of cell therapy based on mesenchymal stromal cells derived from adipose tissue intramuscular administration to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with critical limb ischemia and without possibility of revascularization. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial has been designed. Ninety eligible patients will be randomly assigned at a ratio 1:1:1 to one of the following: control group (n = 30), low-cell dose treatment group (n = 30), and high-cell dose treatment group (n = 30). Treatment will be administered in a single-dose way and patients will be followed for 12 months. Primary outcome (safety) will be evaluated by measuring the rate of adverse events within the study period. Secondary outcomes (efficacy) will be measured by assessing clinical, analytical, and imaging-test parameters. Tertiary outcome (quality of life) will be evaluated with SF-12 and VascuQol-6 scales. DISCUSSION: Chronic lower limb ischemia has limited therapeutic options and constitutes a public health problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. Given that the current treatment is not established in daily clinical practice, it is essential to provide evidence-based data that allow taking a step forward in its clinical development. Also, the multidisciplinary coordination exercise needed to develop this clinical trial protocol will undoubtfully be useful to conduct academic clinical trials in the field of cell therapy in the near future. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04466007 . Registered on January 07, 2020. All items from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set are included within the body of the protocol.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Noma , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/terapia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 57(6): 587-597, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212340

RESUMO

Conventional methods for obtaining pancreatic ß cells are based on simulating the embryonic development phase of endocrine cells via hierarchical differentiation of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). Accordingly, we attempted to modify the protocols for obtaining insulin-secreting cells (ISCs) by sequential differentiation of a human embryonic stem cell (hESC), using the HS181 cell line. Furthermore, we hypothesize that actual pancreatic endocrine cells may arise from trans-differentiation of mature ductal cells after the embryonic developmental stage and throughout the rest of life. According to the hypothesis, ductal cells are trans-differentiated into endocrine and exocrine cells, undergoing a partial epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). To address this issue, we developed two new protocols based on hESC differentiation to obtain ductal cells and then induce EMT in cells to obtain hormone-secreting islet-like cells (HSCs). The ductal (pre-EMT exocrine) cells were then induced to undergo partial EMT by treating with Wnt3a and activin A, in hypoxia. The cell derived from the latter method significantly expressed the main endocrine cell-specific markers and also ß cells, in particular. These experiments not only support our hypothetical model but also offer a promising approach to develop new methods to compensate ß cell depletion in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Although this protocol of generating islet-like cells from ductal cells has a potential to treat T1DM, this strategy may be exploited to optimize the function of these cells in an animal model and future clinical applications.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8250, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33859314

RESUMO

Dietary fatty acids play a role in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is associated with insulin resistance (IR). Fatty acid composition is critical for IR and subsequent NAFLD development. Extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the main source of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) in Mediterranean diets. This study examined whether EVOO-containing high fat diets may prevent diet-induced NAFLD using Ldlr-/-. Leiden mice. In female Ldlr-/-.Leiden mice, the effects of the following high fat diets (HFDs) were examined: a lard-based HFD (HFD-L); an EVOO-based HFD (HFD-EVOO); a phenolic compounds-rich EVOO HFD (HFD-OL). We studied changes in body weight (BW), lipid profile, transaminases, glucose homeostasis, liver pathology and transcriptome. Both EVOO diets reduced body weight (BW) and improved insulin sensitivity. The EVOOs did not improve transaminase values and increased LDL-cholesterol and liver collagen content. EVOOs and HFD-L groups had comparable liver steatosis. The profibrotic effects were substantiated by an up-regulation of gene transcripts related to glutathione metabolism, chemokine signaling and NF-kappa-B activation and down-regulation of genes relevant for fatty acid metabolism. Collectivelly, EVOO intake improved weight gain and insulin sensitivity but not liver inflammation and fibrosis, which was supported by changes in hepatic genes expression.

5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1229: 259-271, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285417

RESUMO

The Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is considered a clinical condition characterized by myocardial ischemia causing an imbalance between myocardial blood supply and demand, leading to morbidity and mortality across the worldwide. Prompt diagnostic and prognostic represents key factors for the treatment and reduction of the mortality rate. Therefore, one of the newest frontiers in cardiovascular research is related to non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), which prompted a huge interest in exploring ncRNAs candidates for utilization as potential therapeutic targets for diagnostic and prognostic and/or biomarkers in IHD. However, there are undoubtedly many more functional ncRNAs yet to be discovered and characterized. Here we will discuss our current knowledge and we will provide insight on the roles and effects elicited by some ncRNAs related to IHD.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , RNA não Traduzido , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Miocárdio/patologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32117924

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are among the most frequently used cell type for regenerative medicine. A large number of studies have shown the beneficial effects of MSC-based therapies to treat different pathologies, including neurological disorders, cardiac ischemia, diabetes, and bone and cartilage diseases. However, the therapeutic potential of MSCs in cancer is still controversial. While some studies indicate that MSCs may contribute to cancer pathogenesis, emerging data reported the suppressive effects of MSCs on cancer cells. Because of this reality, a sustained effort to understand when MSCs promote or suppress tumor development is needed before planning a MSC-based therapy for cancer. Herein, we provide an overview on the therapeutic application of MSCs for regenerative medicine and the processes that orchestrates tissue repair, with a special emphasis placed on cancer, including central nervous system tumors. Furthermore, we will discuss the current evidence regarding the double-edged sword of MSCs in oncological treatment and the latest advances in MSC-based anti-cancer agent delivery systems.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(18): 7746-7779, 2019 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518338

RESUMO

An inverse correlation between thyroid hormone levels and longevity has been reported in several species and reduced thyroid hormone levels have been proposed as a biomarker for healthy aging and metabolic fitness. However, hypothyroidism is a medical condition associated with compromised health and reduced life expectancy. Herein, we show, using wild-type and the Pax8 ablated model of hypothyroidism in mice, that hyperthyroidism and severe hypothyroidism are associated with an overall unhealthy status and shorter lifespan. Mild hypothyroid Pax8 +/- mice were heavier and displayed insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis and increased prevalence of liver cancer yet had normal lifespan. These pathophysiological conditions were precipitated by hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative damage accumulation. These findings indicate that individuals carrying mutations on PAX8 may be susceptible to develop liver cancer and/or diabetes and raise concerns regarding the development of interventions aiming to modulate thyroid hormones to promote healthy aging or lifespan in mammals.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Animais , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/metabolismo
8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11311, 2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383924

RESUMO

Dietary composition plays an important role in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Monounsaturated fatty acid consumption has been positively associated with improved insulin sensitivity and ß-cell function. We examined whether an extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) high fat diet (HFD) can improve glucose homeostasis. C57BL/6J mice were fed a standard diet or a lard-based HFD to induce type 2 diabetes. Then, HFD mice were fed with three different based HFD (lard, EVOO and EVOO rich in phenolic compounds) for 24 weeks. HFD-EVOO diets significantly improved glycemia, insulinemia, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and insulin degradation. Moreover, EVOO diets reduced ß-cell apoptosis, increased ß-cell number and normalized islet glucose metabolism and glucose induced insulin secretion. No additional effects were observed by higher levels of phenolic compounds. Thus, EVOO intake regulated glucose homeostasis by improving insulin sensitivity and pancreatic ß-cell function, in a type 2 diabetes HFD animal model.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/métodos , Resistência à Insulina , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Azeite de Oliva/uso terapêutico , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glucose/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Secreção de Insulina , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
9.
Diabetologia ; 62(9): 1667-1680, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250031

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a widespread endocrine-disrupting chemical that has been associated with type 2 diabetes development. Low doses of BPA modify pancreatic beta cell function and induce insulin resistance; some of these effects are mediated via activation of oestrogen receptors α (ERα) and ß (ERß). Here we investigated whether low doses of BPA regulate the expression and function of ion channel subunits involved in beta cell function. METHODS: Microarray gene profiling of isolated islets from vehicle- and BPA-treated (100 µg/kg per day for 4 days) mice was performed using Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430.2 Array. Expression level analysis was performed using the normalisation method based on the processing algorithm 'robust multi-array average'. Whole islets or dispersed islets from C57BL/6J or oestrogen receptor ß (ERß) knockout (Erß-/-) mice were treated with vehicle or BPA (1 nmol/l) for 48 h. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were used to measure Na+ and K+ currents. mRNA expression was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Microarray analysis showed that BPA modulated the expression of 1440 probe sets (1192 upregulated and 248 downregulated genes). Of these, more than 50 genes, including Scn9a, Kcnb2, Kcnma1 and Kcnip1, encoded important Na+ and K+ channel subunits. These findings were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR in islets from C57BL/6J BPA-treated mice or whole islets treated ex vivo. Electrophysiological measurements showed a decrease in both Na+ and K+ currents in BPA-treated islets. The pharmacological profile indicated that BPA reduced currents mediated by voltage-activated K+ channels (Kv2.1/2.2 channels) and large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (KCa1.1 channels), which agrees with BPA's effects on gene expression. Beta cells from ERß-/- mice did not present BPA-induced changes, suggesting that ERß mediates BPA's effects in pancreatic islets. Finally, BPA increased burst duration, reduced the amplitude of the action potential and enlarged the action potential half-width, leading to alteration in beta cell electrical activity. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Our data suggest that BPA modulates the expression and function of Na+ and K+ channels via ERß in mouse pancreatic islets. Furthermore, BPA alters beta cell electrical activity. Altogether, these BPA-induced changes in beta cells might play a role in the diabetogenic action of BPA described in animal models.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Fenóis/farmacologia , Animais , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Potássio/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sódio/metabolismo
10.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231366

RESUMO

Cell therapy is a progressively growing field that is rapidly moving from preclinical model development to clinical application. Outcomes obtained from clinical trials reveal the therapeutic potential of stem cell-based therapy to deal with unmet medical treatment needs for several disorders with no therapeutic options. Among adult stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the leading cell type used in advanced therapies for the treatment of autoimmune, inflammatory and vascular diseases. To date, the safety and feasibility of autologous MSC-based therapy has been established; however, their indiscriminate use has resulted in mixed outcomes in preclinical and clinical studies. While MSCs derived from diverse tissues share common properties depending on the type of clinical application, they markedly differ within clinical trials in terms of efficacy, resulting in many unanswered questions regarding the application of MSCs. Additionally, our experience in clinical trials related to critical limb ischemia pathology (CLI) shows that the therapeutic efficacy of these cells in different animal models has only been partially reproduced in humans through clinical trials. Therefore, it is crucial to develop new research to identify pitfalls, to optimize procedures and to clarify the repair mechanisms used by these cells, as well as to be able to offer a next generation of stem cell that can be routinely used in a cost-effective and safe manner in stem cell-based therapies targeting CLI.

11.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 13: 204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156392

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is a highly effective tool for the treatment of brain cancer. However, radiation also causes detrimental effects in the healthy tissue, leading to neurocognitive sequelae that compromise the quality of life of brain cancer patients. Despite the recognition of this serious complication, no satisfactory solutions exist at present. Here we investigated the effects of intranasal administration of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) as a neuroprotective strategy for cranial radiation in mice. Our results demonstrated that intranasally delivered hMSCs promote radiation-induced brain injury repair, improving neurological function. This intervention confers protection against inflammation, oxidative stress, and neuronal loss. hMSC administration reduces persistent activation of damage-induced c-AMP response element-binding signaling in irradiated brains. Furthermore, hMSC treatment did not compromise the survival of glioma-bearing mice. Our findings encourage the therapeutic use of hMSCs as a non-invasive approach to prevent neurological complications of radiotherapy, improving the quality of life of brain tumor patients.

12.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(5)2019 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072002

RESUMO

The high prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), together with the fact that current treatments are only palliative and do not avoid major secondary complications, reveals the need for novel approaches to treat the cause of this disease. Efforts are currently underway to identify therapeutic targets implicated in either the regeneration or re-differentiation of a functional pancreatic islet ß-cell mass to restore insulin levels and normoglycemia. However, T2DM is not only caused by failures in ß-cells but also by dysfunctions in the central nervous system (CNS), especially in the hypothalamus and brainstem. Herein, we review the physiological contribution of hypothalamic neuronal and glial populations, particularly astrocytes, in the control of the systemic response that regulates blood glucose levels. The glucosensing capacity of hypothalamic astrocytes, together with their regulation by metabolic hormones, highlights the relevance of these cells in the control of glucose homeostasis. Moreover, the critical role of astrocytes in the response to inflammation, a process associated with obesity and T2DM, further emphasizes the importance of these cells as novel targets to stimulate the CNS in response to metabesity (over-nutrition-derived metabolic dysfunctions). We suggest that novel T2DM therapies should aim at stimulating the CNS astrocytic response, as well as recovering the functional pancreatic ß-cell mass. Whether or not a common factor expressed in both cell types can be feasibly targeted is also discussed.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Doenças Metabólicas/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Homeostase , Humanos
13.
Front Physiol ; 10: 159, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881310

RESUMO

Calcium is an important second messenger required not only for the excitation-contraction coupling of the heart but also critical for the activation of cell signaling pathways involved in the adverse cardiac remodeling and consequently for the heart failure. Sustained neurohumoral activation, pressure-overload, or myocardial injury can cause pathologic hypertrophic growth of the heart followed by interstitial fibrosis. The consequent heart's structural and molecular adaptation might elevate the risk of developing heart failure and malignant arrhythmia. Compelling evidences have demonstrated that Ca2+ entry through TRP channels might play pivotal roles in cardiac function and pathology. TRP proteins are classified into six subfamilies: TRPC (canonical), TRPV (vanilloid), TRPM (melastatin), TRPA (ankyrin), TRPML (mucolipin), and TRPP (polycystin), which are activated by numerous physical and/or chemical stimuli. TRP channels participate to the handling of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration in cardiac myocytes and are mediators of different cardiovascular alterations. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge of TRP proteins implication in the pathologic process of some frequent cardiac diseases associated with the adverse cardiac remodeling such as cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and conduction alteration.

14.
Curr Med Chem ; 26(22): 4166-4177, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28545369

RESUMO

The pathophysiology linking diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex and multifactorial. The specific type of cardiomyopathy associated with diabetes, known as diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), is recognized as asymptomatic progression of structural and functional remodeling in the heart of diabetic patients in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis and hypertension. In other words, the presence of heart disease specifically in diabetic patients is also known as diabetic heart disease. This article reviews the impact of diabetes in heart and vascular beds focusing on molecular mechanisms involving the oxidative stress, the inflammation, the endothelium dysfunction and the alteration of the homeostasis of calcium, among others mechanisms. Understanding these mechanisms will help identify and treat CVD in patients with diabetes, as well as to plan efficient strategies to mitigate DCM impact in those patients.


Assuntos
Sinalização do Cálcio , Cálcio/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/complicações , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/patologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo
15.
Mol Ther ; 26(11): 2696-2709, 2018 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195725

RESUMO

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that affects 415 million people worldwide. This pathology is often associated with long-term complications, such as critical limb ischemia (CLI), which increases the risk of limb loss and mortality. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) represent a promising option for the treatment of diabetes complications. Although MSCs are widely used in autologous cell-based therapy, their effects may be influenced by the constant crosstalk between the graft and the host, which could affect the MSC fate potential. In this context, we previously reported that MSCs derived from diabetic patients with CLI have a defective phenotype that manifests as reduced fibrinolytic activity, thereby enhancing the thrombotic risk and compromising patient safety. Here, we found that MSCs derived from diabetic patients with CLI not only exhibit a prothrombotic profile but also have altered multi-differentiation potential, reduced proliferation, and inhibited migration and homing to sites of inflammation. We further demonstrated that this aberrant cell phenotype is reversed by the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) BB, indicating that PDGF signaling is a key regulator of MSC functionality. These findings provide an attractive approach to improve the therapeutic efficacy of MSCs in autologous therapy for diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/genética , Inflamação/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-sis/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Complicações do Diabetes/genética , Complicações do Diabetes/patologia , Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/terapia , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Osteogênese/genética , Fenótipo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-sis/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Cicatrização/genética
16.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 12: 463-477, 2018 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195784

RESUMO

Human pluripotent stem cells retain the extraordinary capacity to differentiate into pancreatic beta cells. For this particular lineage, more effort is still required to stress the importance of developing an efficient, reproducible, easy, and cost-effective differentiation protocol to obtain more mature, homogeneous, and functional insulin-secreting cells. In addition, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate many cellular processes, including pancreatic differentiation. Some miRNAs are known to be preferentially expressed in islets. Of note, miR-375 and miR-7 are two of the most abundant pancreatic miRNAs, and they are necessary for proper pancreatic islet development. Here we provide new insight into specific miRNAs involved in pancreatic differentiation. We found that miR-7 is differentially expressed during the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into a beta cell-like phenotype and that its modulation plays an important role in generating mature pancreatic beta cells. This strategy may be exploited to optimize the potential for in vitro differentiation of hESCs into insulin-producing beta-like cells for use in preclinical studies and future clinical applications as well as the prospective uses of miRNAs to improve this process.

17.
Front Physiol ; 9: 813, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30018568

RESUMO

Aims: Urocortin-2 (Ucn-2) is a potent cardioprotector against Ischemia and Reperfusion (I/R) injuries. However, little is known about its role in the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) under I/R. Here, we examined whether the addition of Ucn-2 in reperfusion promotes cardioprotection focusing on ([Ca2+]i handling. Methods and Results: Cardiac Wistar rat model of I/R was induced by transient ligation of the left coronary artery and experiments were conducted 1 week after surgery in tissue and adult cardiomyocytes isolated from risk and remote zones. We observed that I/R promoted significant alteration in cardiac contractility as well as an increase in hypertrophy and fibrosis in both zones. The study of confocal [Ca2+]i imaging in adult cardiomyocytes revealed that I/R decreased the amplitude of [Ca2+]i transient and cardiomyocytes contraction in risk and remote zones. Interestingly, intravenous infusion of Ucn-2 before heart's reperfusion recovered significantly cardiac contractility and prevented fibrosis, but it didn't affect cardiac hypertrophy. Moreover, Ucn-2 recovered the amplitude of [Ca2+]i transient and modulated the expression of several proteins related to [Ca2+]i homeostasis, such as TRPC5 and Orai1 channels. Using Neonatal Rat Ventricular Myocytes (NRVM) we demonstrated that Ucn-2 blunted I/R-induced Store Operated Ca2+ Entry (SOCE), decreased the expression of TRPC5 and Orai1 as well as their interaction in reperfusion. Conclusion: Our study provides the first evidences demonstrating that Ucn-2 addition at the onset of reperfusion attenuates I/R-induced adverse cardiac remodeling, involving the [Ca2+]i handling and inhibiting the expression and interaction between TRPC5 and Orai1.

18.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0195891, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29768414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently available treatments for secondary progressive multiple sclerosis(SPMS) have limited efficacy and/or safety concerns. Adipose-mesenchymal derived stem cells(AdMSCs) represent a promising option and can be readily obtained using minimally invasive procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this triple-blind, placebo-controlled study, cell samples were obtained from consenting patients by lipectomy and subsequently expanded. Patients were randomized to a single infusion of placebo, low-dose(1x106cells/kg) or high-dose(4x106cells/kg) autologous AdMSC product and followed for 12 months. Safety was monitored recording adverse events, laboratory parameters, vital signs and spirometry. Expanded disability status score (EDSS), magnetic-resonance-imaging, and other measures of possible treatment effects were also recorded. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients underwent lipectomy for AdMSCs collection, were randomized and thirty were infused (11 placebo, 10 low-dose and 9 high-dose); 4 randomized patients were not infused because of karyotype abnormalities in the cell product. Only one serious adverse event was observed in the treatment arms (urinary infection, considered not related to study treatment). No other safety parameters showed changes. Measures of treatment effect showed an inconclusive trend of efficacy. CONCLUSION: Infusion of autologous AdMSCs is safe and feasible in patients with SPMS. Larger studies and probably treatment at earlier phases would be needed to investigate the potential therapeutic benefit of this technique.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/terapia , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1488, 2018 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29662071

RESUMO

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is due to the selective destruction of islet beta cells by immune cells. Current therapies focused on repressing the immune attack or stimulating beta cell regeneration still have limited clinical efficacy. Therefore, it is timely to identify innovative targets to dampen the immune process, while promoting beta cell survival and function. Liver receptor homologue-1 (LRH-1) is a nuclear receptor that represses inflammation in digestive organs, and protects pancreatic islets against apoptosis. Here, we show that BL001, a small LRH-1 agonist, impedes hyperglycemia progression and the immune-dependent inflammation of pancreas in murine models of T1DM, and beta cell apoptosis in islets of type 2 diabetic patients, while increasing beta cell mass and insulin secretion. Thus, we suggest that LRH-1 agonism favors a dialogue between immune and islet cells, which could be druggable to protect against diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Comunicação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenalenos/farmacologia , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/agonistas , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Insulina/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/imunologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/imunologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/patologia , Transplante das Ilhotas Pancreáticas , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/imunologia , Estreptozocina , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Transplante Heterólogo
20.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(3): 279, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449530

RESUMO

HMG20A (also known as iBRAF) is a chromatin factor involved in neuronal differentiation and maturation. Recently small nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the HMG20A gene have been linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) yet neither expression nor function of this T2DM candidate gene in islets is known. Herein we demonstrate that HMG20A is expressed in both human and mouse islets and that levels are decreased in islets of T2DM donors as compared to islets from non-diabetic donors. In vitro studies in mouse and human islets demonstrated that glucose transiently increased HMG20A transcript levels, a result also observed in islets of gestating mice. In contrast, HMG20A expression was not altered in islets from diet-induced obese and pre-diabetic mice. The T2DM-associated rs7119 SNP, located in the 3' UTR of the HMG20A transcript reduced the luciferase activity of a reporter construct in the human beta 1.1E7 cell line. Depletion of Hmg20a in the rat INS-1E cell line resulted in decreased expression levels of its neuronal target gene NeuroD whereas Rest and Pax4 were increased. Chromatin immunoprecipitation confirmed the interaction of HMG20A with the Pax4 gene promoter. Expression levels of Mafa, Glucokinase, and Insulin were also inhibited. Furthermore, glucose-induced insulin secretion was blunted in HMG20A-depleted islets. In summary, our data demonstrate that HMG20A expression in islet is essential for metabolism-insulin secretion coupling via the coordinated regulation of key islet-enriched genes such as NeuroD and Mafa and that depletion induces expression of genes such as Pax4 and Rest implicated in beta cell de-differentiation. More importantly we assign to the T2DM-linked rs7119 SNP the functional consequence of reducing HMG20A expression likely translating to impaired beta cell mature function.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Ratos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...