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1.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(7)2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753113

RESUMO

Zr-Rh metallic glass has enabled its many applications in vehicle parts, sports equipment and so on due to its outstanding performance in mechanical property, but the knowledge of the microstructure determining the superb mechanical property remains yet insufficient. Here, we develop a deep neural network potential of Zr-Rh system by using machine learning, which breaks the dilemma between the accuracy and efficiency in molecular dynamics simulations, and greatly improves the simulation scale in both space and time. The results show that the structural features obtained from the neural network method are in good agreement with the cases inab initiomolecular dynamics simulations. Furthermore, we build a large model of 5400 atoms to explore the influences of simulated size and cooling rate on the melt-quenching process of Zr77Rh23. Our study lays a foundation for exploring the complex structures in amorphous Zr77Rh23, which is of great significance for the design and practical application.

2.
Chemistry ; 27(64): 15954-15966, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472129

RESUMO

Here, the combination of theoretical computations followed by rapid experimental screening and in situ diffraction studies is demonstrated as a powerful strategy for novel compounds discovery. When applied for the previously "empty" Na-Zn-Bi system, such an approach led to four novel phases. The compositional space of this system was rapidly screened via the hydride route method and the theoretically predicted NaZnBi (PbClF type, P4/nmm) and Na11 Zn2 Bi5 (Na11 Cd2 Sb5 type, P 1 ‾ ) phases were successfully synthesized, while other computationally generated compounds on the list were rejected. In addition, single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of NaZnBi indicate minor deviations from the stoichiometric 1 : 1 : 1 molar ratio. As a result, two isostructural (PbClF type, P4/nmm) Zn-deficient phases with similar compositions, but distinctly different unit cell parameters were discovered. The vacancies on Zn sites and unit cell expansion were rationalized from bonding analysis using electronic structure calculations on stoichiometric "NaZnBi". In-situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction studies shed light on complex equilibria in the Na-Zn-Bi system at elevated temperatures. In particular, the high-temperature polymorph HT-Na3 Bi (BiF3 type, Fm 3 ‾ m) was obtained as a product of Na11 Zn2 Bi5 decomposition above 611 K. HT-Na3 Bi cannot be stabilized at room temperature by quenching, and this type of structure was earlier observed in the high-pressure polymorph HP-Na3 Bi above 0.5 GPa. The aforementioned approach of predictive synthesis can be extended to other multinary systems.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 60(14): 10686-10697, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181854

RESUMO

Three new sodium zinc antimonides Na11Zn2Sb5, Na4Zn9Sb9, and NaZn3Sb3 were synthesized utilizing sodium hydride NaH as a reactive sodium source. In comparison to the synthesis using sodium metal, salt-like NaH can be ball-milled, leading to the easy and uniform mixing of precursors in the desired stoichiometric ratios. Such comprehensive compositional control enables a fast screening of the Na-Zn-Sb system and identification of new compounds, followed by their preparation in bulk with high purity. Na11Zn2Sb5 crystallizes in the triclinic P1 space group (No. 2, Z = 2, a = 8.8739(6) Å, b = 10.6407(7) Å, c = 11.4282(8) Å, α = 103.453(2)°, ß = 96.997(2)°, γ = 107.517(2)°) and features polyanionic [Zn2Sb5]11- clusters with unusual 3-coordinated Zn atoms. Both Na4Zn9Sb9 (Z = 4, a = 28.4794(4) Å, b = 4.47189(5) Å, c = 17.2704(2) Å, ß = 98.3363(6)°) and NaZn3Sb3 (Z = 8, a = 32.1790(1) Å, b = 4.51549(1) Å, c = 9.64569(2) Å, ß = 98.4618(1)°) crystallize in the monoclinic C2/m space group (No. 12) and have complex new structure types. For both compounds, their frameworks are built from ZnSb4 distorted tetrahedra, which are linked via edge-, vertex-sharing, or both, while Na cations fill in the framework channels. Due to the complex structures, Na4Zn9Sb9 and NaZn3Sb3 compounds exhibit low thermal conductivities (0.97-1.26 W·m-1 K-1) at room temperature, positive Seebeck coefficients (19-32 µV/K) suggestive of holes as charge carriers, and semimetallic electrical resistivities (∼1.0-2.3 × 10-4 Ω·m). Na4Zn9Sb9 and NaZn3Sb3 decompose into the equiatomic NaZnSb above ∼800 K, as determined by in situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction. The discovery of multiple ternary compounds highlights the importance of judicious choice of the synthetic method.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 50(19): 6463-6476, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002748

RESUMO

Complex polymorphic relationships in the LnSiP3 (Ln = La and Ce) family of compounds are reported. An innovative synthetic method was developed to overcome differences in the reactivities of the rare-earth metal and refractory silicon with phosphorus. Reactions of atomically mixed Ln + Si with P allowed for selective control over the reaction outcomes resulting in targeted isolation of three new polymorphs of LaSiP3 and two polymorphs of CeSiP3. In situ X-ray diffraction studies revealed that the developed method bypasses formation of the thermodynamic dead-end, the binary SiP. Careful re-determination of the crystal structure ruled out the previously reported ordered centrosymmetric structure of CeSiP3 and showed that the main LnSiP3 polymorphs crystallize in the non-centrosymmetric Pna21 and Aea2 space groups featuring distinct distortions of the regular P square net to yield either cis-trans 1D phosphorus chains (Pna21) or disordered-2D phosphorus layers (Aea2). The disordered 2D nature of the P layers in the Aea2 LaSiP3 polymorph was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. A unique centrosymmetric P21/c polymorph was observed for LaSiP3 and has a completely different crystal structure lacking P layers. Consecutive polymorphic transformations at increasing temperatures for LaSiP3(Pna21 → P21/c → Aea2) were derived from optimized synthetic profiles and confirmed by a combination of phonon computations and experimental in situ and ex situ annealings. Crystal structures of the LaSiP3 polymorphs were verified via advanced solid state NMR analysis using 31P MAS and 31P{139La} double resonance techniques. A combination of phonon and electronic structure calculations, NMR T1 relaxation times, UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy, and resistivity measurements revealed that all the reported polymorphs are semiconductors with resistivities and thermal conductivities strongly dependent on the degree of distortion of P square layers in the crystal structure. Reported here, non-centrosymmetric LnSiP3 polymorphs with tunable resistivity and thermal conductivity provide a platform for the development of novel functional materials with a wide range of applications.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(11): 4213-4223, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719436

RESUMO

The pursuit of two-dimensional (2D) borides, MBenes, has proven to be challenging, not the least because of the lack of a suitable precursor prone to the deintercalation. Here, we studied room-temperature topochemical deintercalation of lithium from the layered polymorphs of the LiNiB compound with a considerable amount of Li stored in between [NiB] layers (33 at. % Li). Deintercalation of Li leads to novel metastable borides (Li∼0.5NiB) with unique crystal structures. Partial removal of Li is accomplished by exposing the parent phases to air, water, or dilute HCl under ambient conditions. Scanning transmission electron microscopy and solid-state 7Li and 11B NMR spectroscopy, combined with X-ray pair distribution function (PDF) analysis and DFT calculations, were utilized to elucidate the novel structures of Li∼0.5NiB and the mechanism of Li-deintercalation. We have shown that the deintercalation of Li proceeds via a "zip-lock" mechanism, leading to the condensation of single [NiB] layers into double or triple layers bound via covalent bonds, resulting in structural fragments with Li[NiB]2 and Li[NiB]3 compositions. The crystal structure of Li∼0.5NiB is best described as an intergrowth of the ordered single [NiB], double [NiB]2, or triple [NiB]3 layers alternating with single Li layers; this explains its structural complexity. The formation of double or triple [NiB] layers induces a change in the magnetic behavior from temperature-independent paramagnets in the parent LiNiB compounds to the spin-glassiness in the deintercalated Li∼0.5NiB counterparts. LiNiB compounds showcase the potential to access a plethora of unique materials, including 2D MBenes (NiB).

6.
Nat Mater ; 20(3): 329-334, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462464

RESUMO

Dissipationless currents from topologically protected states are promising for disorder-tolerant electronics and quantum computation. Here, we photogenerate giant anisotropic terahertz nonlinear currents with vanishing scattering, driven by laser-induced coherent phonons of broken inversion symmetry in a centrosymmetric Dirac material ZrTe5. Our work suggests that this phononic terahertz symmetry switching leads to formation of Weyl points, whose chirality manifests in a transverse, helicity-dependent current, orthogonal to the dynamical inversion symmetry breaking axis, via circular photogalvanic effect. The temperature-dependent topological photocurrent exhibits several distinct features: Berry curvature dominance, particle-hole reversal near conical points and chirality protection that is responsible for an exceptional ballistic transport length of ~10 µm. These results, together with first-principles modelling, indicate two pairs of Weyl points dynamically created by B1u phonons of broken inversion symmetry. Such phononic terahertz control breaks ground for coherent manipulation of Weyl nodes and robust quantum transport without application of static electric or magnetic fields.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017810

RESUMO

An appropriate treatment of electronic correlation effects plays an important role in accurate descriptions of physical and chemical properties of real materials. The recently proposed Correlation Matrix Renormalization theory with Sum Rule correction (CMR) for studying correlated electron materails has shown good performance in molecular systems and a periodic Hydrogen chain in comparison with various quantum chemistry and quantum Monte Carlo calculations. This work gives a detailed formulation and computational code implementation of CMR in multi-band periodic lattice systems. This lattice CMR ab initio theory is highly efficient, has no material specific adjustable parameters, and has no double counting issues faced by the hybrid approaches like LDA+U, DFT+DMFT and DFT+GA type theories. Benchmark studies on materials with s and p orbitals in this study show that CMR in its current implementation consistently performs well for these systems as the electron correlation increases from the bonding region to the bond breaking region.

8.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 16(10): 6256-6266, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877181

RESUMO

We develop a resource-efficient step-merged quantum imaginary time evolution approach (smQITE) to solve for the ground state of a Hamiltonian on quantum computers. This heuristic method features a fixed shallow quantum circuit depth along the state evolution path. We use this algorithm to determine the binding energy curves of a set of molecules, including H2, H4, H6, LiH, HF, H2O, and BeH2, and find highly accurate results. The required quantum resources of smQITE calculations can be further reduced by adopting the circuit form of the variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) technique, such as the unitary coupled cluster ansatz. We demonstrate that smQITE achieves a similar computational accuracy as VQE at the same fixed-circuit ansatz, without requiring a generally complicated high-dimensional nonconvex optimization. Finally, smQITE calculations are carried out on Rigetti quantum processing units, demonstrating that the approach is readily applicable on current noisy intermediate-scale quantum devices.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(25): 13975-13980, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609127

RESUMO

Due to the high cost and insufficient resources of lithium, alternative sodium-ion batteries have been widely investigated for large-scale applications. NaFePO4 has the highest theoretical capacity of 154 mA h g-1 among the iron-based phosphates, which makes it an attractive cathode material for Na-ion batteries. Experimentally, LiFePO4 has been highly successful as a cathode material in Li-ion batteries because its olivine crystal structure provides a stable framework during battery cycling. In NaFePO4, maricite replaces olivine as the most stable phase. However, the maricite phase is experimentally found to be electrochemically inactive under normal battery operating voltages (0-4.5 V). We found that partial substitutions of Na with Li stabilize the olivine structure and may be a way to improve the performance of NaFePO4 cathodes. Using the previously developed structural LiFePO4 database, we examined the low-energy crystal structures in the system when we replace Li with Na. The known maricite and olivine NaFePO4 phases are reconfirmed and an unreported phase with energy between them is identified by our calculations. Besides, the Li-doped olivine type compound LixNa1-xFePO4 with mixed alkali ions retains better energetic stability compared with the other two types of structures of the same composition, as long as the proportion of Li exceeds 0.25. The thermodynamic stability of o-type LixNa1-xFePO4 can be further improved at finite temperatures. The primary limitation of the calculations is that we mainly focus on the zero-temperature condition; however, the relative stability of the structures may vary depending on the ambient temperature.

10.
ACS Nano ; 14(6): 6795-6802, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479719

RESUMO

A first-principles prediction of the binary nanoparticle phase diagram assembled by solvent evaporation has eluded theoretical approaches. In this paper, we show that a binary system interacting through the Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential contains all experimental phases in which nanoparticles are effectively described as quasi hard spheres. We report a phase diagram consisting of 53 equilibrium phases, whose stability is quite insensitive to the microscopic details of the potentials, thus giving rise to some type of universality. Furthermore, we show that binary lattices may be understood as consisting of certain particle clusters, i.e., motifs, that provide a generalization of the four conventional Frank-Kasper polyhedral units. Our results show that metastable phases share the very same motifs as equilibrium phases. We discuss the connection with packing models, phase diagrams with repulsive potentials, and the prediction of likely experimental superlattices.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(17): 9759-9766, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334427

RESUMO

Phase-change materials such as Ge-Sb-Te compounds have attracted much attention due to their potential value in electrical data storage. In contrast to the amorphous and crystalline phases, supercooled liquids are far from being deeply understood despite their inevitable role in both amorphization and crystallization processes. To this end, we have studied the dynamics properties and structural characteristics of liquid and supercooled liquid Ge3Sb2Te6 during the fast cooling process. As the temperature decreases, chemical bonds become more homogeneous, but coordination numbers of Ge, Sb and Te atoms change very little. Meanwhile, the structural order of short-range configuration is obviously enhanced. Further studies suggest that Ge-centered, Sb-centered and Te-centered configurations change to the more ordered defective octahedrons mainly by adjusting the bond-angle relationship and bond length, rather than just by changing the coordination environment. It is the more ordered octahedrons that promote the formation of medium-range order. Our findings provide a deep insight into the origin of local structural order in supercooled liquid Ge3Sb2Te6, which is of great importance for the comprehensive understanding of amorphization and crystallization processes.

12.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 15(1): 56, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140792

RESUMO

We report a new graphene allotrope named HOT graphene containing carbon hexagons, octagons, and tetragons. A corresponding series of nanotubes are also constructed by rolling up the HOT graphene sheet. Ab initio calculations are performed on geometric and electronic structures of the HOT graphene and the HOT graphene nanotubes. Dirac cone and high Fermi velocity are achieved in a non-hexagonal structure of HOT graphene, implying that the honeycomb structure is not an indispensable condition for Dirac fermions to exist. HOT graphene nanotubes show distinctive electronic structures depending on their topology. The (0,1) n (n ≥ 3) HOT graphene nanotubes reveal the characteristics of semimetals, while the other set of nanotubes (1,0) n shows continuously adjustable band gaps (0~ 0.51 eV) with tube size. A competition between the curvature effect and the zone-folding approximation determines the band gaps of the (1,0) n nanotubes. Novel conversion between semimetallicity and semiconductivity arises in ultra-small tubes (radius < 4 Å, i.e., n < 3).

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(10): 105701, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573294

RESUMO

Relaxation processes significantly influence the properties of glass materials. However, understanding their specific origins is difficult; even more challenging is to forecast them theoretically. In this study, using microseconds molecular dynamics simulations together with an accurate many-body interaction potential, we predict that an Al_{90}Sm_{10} metallic glass would have complex relaxation behaviors: In addition to the main (α) relaxation, the glass (i) shows a pronounced secondary (ß) relaxation at cryogenic temperatures and (ii) exhibits an anomalous relaxation process (α_{2}) accompanying α relaxation. Both of the predictions are verified by experiments. Computational simulations reveal the microscopic origins of relaxation processes: while the pronounced ß relaxation is attributed to the abundance of stringlike cooperative atomic rearrangements, the anomalous α_{2} process is found to correlate with the decoupling of the faster motions of Al with slower Sm atoms. The combination of simulations and experiments represents a first glimpse of what may become a predictive routine and integral step for glass physics.

14.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 288, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428881

RESUMO

In this paper, the structural, electronic, and optical properties of MoS2 multilayers are investigated by employing the first-principles method. Up to six-layers of MoS2 have been comparatively studied. The covalency and ionicity in the MoS2 monolayer are shown to be stronger than those in the bulk. As the layer number is increased to two or above two, band splitting is significant due to the interlayer coupling. We found that long plateaus emerged in the imaginary parts of the dielectric function [Formula: see text] and the joint density of states (JDOS) of MoS2 multilayers, due to the Van Hove singularities in a two-dimensional material. One, two and three small steps appear at the thresholds of both the long plateau of [Formula: see text] and JDOS, for monolayer, bilayer, and trilayer, respectively. As the number of layers further increased, the number of small steps increases and the width of the small steps decreases accordingly. Due to interlayer coupling, the longest plateau and shortest plateau of JDOS are from the monolayer and bulk, respectively.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(44): 15855-15862, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373096

RESUMO

Two novel lithium nickel boride polymorphs, RT-LiNiB and HT-LiNiB, with layered crystal structures are reported. This family of compounds was theoretically predicted by using the adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) and subsequently synthesized by a hydride route with LiH as the lithium source. Unique among the known ternary transition-metal borides, the LiNiB structures feature Li layers alternating with nearly planar [NiB] layers composed of Ni hexagonal rings with a B-B pair at the center. A comprehensive study using a combination of single crystal/synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction, solid-state 7 Li and 11 B NMR spectroscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy, quantum-chemical calculations, and magnetism has shed light on the intrinsic features of these polymorphic compounds. The unique layered structures of LiNiB compounds make them ultimate precursors for exfoliation studies, thus paving a way toward two-dimensional transition-metal borides, MBenes.

16.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(33): 335601, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067512

RESUMO

We propose an approach that is under the framework of Gutzwiller wave function but goes beyond the commonly adopted Gutzwiller approximation to improve the accuracy and flexibility in treating the correlation effects. Detailed formalism is described for a dimer which is straightforwardly generalized later to more complicated periodic bulk systems. The accuracy of the approach is demonstrated by evaluating the potential energy curves of spin-singlet N2 dimer, spin-triplet O2 dimer, and 1D hydrogen chain. The computational workload of the approach can be easily handled by efficient parallel computing.

17.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(19): 195902, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30736027

RESUMO

We report benchmark calculations of the correlation matrix renormalization (CMR) approach for 23 molecules in the well-established G2 molecule set. This subset represents molecules with spin-singlet ground state in a variety of chemical bonding and coordination environments. The QUAsi-atomic minimal basis-set orbitals (QUAMBOs) are used as local orbitals in both CMR and full configuration interaction (FCI) calculations for comparison. The results obtained from the calculations are also compared with available experimental data. It is shown that the CMR method produces binding and dissociation energy curves in good agreement with the QUAMBO-FCI calculations as well as experimental results. The CMR benchmark calculations yield a standard deviation of 0.09 Å for the equilibrium bond length and 0.018 Hartree/atom for the formation energy, with a gain of great computational efficiency which scales like Hartree-Fock method.

18.
J Chem Phys ; 149(17): 174501, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408998

RESUMO

The temperature dependence of the solid-liquid interfacial free energy, γ, is investigated for Al and Ni at the undercooled temperature regime based on a recently developed persistent-embryo method. The atomistic description of the nucleus shape is obtained from molecular dynamics simulations. The computed γ shows a linear dependence on the temperature. The values of γ extrapolated to the melting temperature agree well with previous data obtained by the capillary fluctuation method. Using the temperature dependence of γ, we estimate the nucleation free energy barrier in a wide temperature range from the classical nucleation theory. The obtained data agree very well with the results from the brute-force molecular dynamics simulations.

19.
Soft Matter ; 14(45): 9185-9193, 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398506

RESUMO

We study the crystal nucleation of the Weeks-Chandler-Andersen (WCA) model, using the recently introduced persistent embryo method (PEM). The method provides detailed characterization of pre-critical, critical and post-critical nuclei, as well as nucleation rates that compare favorably with those obtained using other methods (umbrella sampling, forward flux sampling or seeding). We further map our results to a hard sphere model allowing comparison with other existing predictions. Implications for experiments are also discussed.


Assuntos
Cristalização , Modelos Moleculares
20.
Nanoscale ; 10(27): 13011-13021, 2018 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29872821

RESUMO

The search for new magnetic materials with high magnetization and magnetocrystalline anisotropy is important for a wide range of applications including information and energy processing. There is only a limited number of naturally occurring magnetic compounds that are suitable. This situation stimulates an exploration of new phases that occur far from thermal-equilibrium conditions, but their stabilization is generally inhibited due to high positive formation energies. Here a nanocluster-deposition method has enabled the discovery of a set of new non-equilibrium Co-N intermetallic compounds. The experimental search was assisted by computational methods including adaptive-genetic-algorithm and electronic-structure calculations. Conventional wisdom is that the interstitial or substitutional solubility of N in Co is much lower than that in Fe and that N in Co in equilibrium alloys does not produce materials with significant magnetization and anisotropy. By contrast, our experiments identify new Co-N compounds with favorable magnetic properties including hexagonal Co3N nanoparticles with a high saturation magnetic polarization (Js = 1.28 T or 12.8 kG) and an appreciable uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy (K1 = 1.01 MJ m-3 or 10.1 Mergs per cm3). This research provides a pathway for uncovering new magnetic compounds with computational efficiency beyond the existing materials database, which is significant for future technologies.

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