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1.
Dig Endosc ; 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475586

RESUMO

Endoscopic diagnosis of gastroesophageal junction and Barrett's esophagus is essential for surveillance and early detection of esophageal adenocarcinoma and esophagogastric junction cancer. Despite its small size, the gastroesophageal junction has many inherent problems, including marked differences in diagnostic methods for Barrett's esophagus in international guidelines. To define Barrett's esophagus, gastroesophageal junction location should be clarified. Although gastric folds and palisade vessels are landmarks for identifying this junction, they are sometimes difficult to observe due to air entry or reflux esophagitis. The possibility of diagnosing a malignancy associated with Barrett's esophagus <1 cm, identified using palisade vessels, should be re-examined. Non-targeted biopsies of Barrett's esophagus are commonly used to detect intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and cancer as described in the Seattle protocol. Barrett's esophagus with intestinal metaplasia has a high risk of becoming cancerous. Furthermore, the frequency of cancer in patients with Barrett's esophagus without intestinal metaplasia is high, and the guidelines differ on whether to include the presence of intestinal metaplasia in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus. Use of advanced imaging technologies, including narrow-band imaging with magnifying endoscopy and linked color imaging, is reportedly valid for diagnosing Barrett's esophagus. Furthermore, artificial intelligence has facilitated the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus through its deep learning and image recognition capabilities. However, it is necessary to first use the endoscopic definition of the gastroesophageal junction, which is common in all countries, and then elucidate the characteristics of Barrett's esophagus in each region, e.g., length differences in the risk of carcinogenesis with and without intestinal metaplasia.

2.
JGH Open ; 6(3): 157-158, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35355678
3.
Endosc Int Open ; 10(1): E154-E162, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35047346

RESUMO

Background and study aims Evidence from recent trials comparing conventional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) to underwater EMR (UEMR) have matured. However, studies comparing UEMR to endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are lacking. Hence, we sought to conduct a comprehensive network meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of UEMR, ESD, and EMR. Methods Embase and Medline databases were searched from inception to December 2020 for articles comparing UEMR with EMR and ESD. Outcomes of interest included rates of en bloc and complete polyp resection, risk of perforation and bleeding, and local recurrence. A network meta-analysis comparing all three approaches was conducted. In addition, a conventional comparative meta-analysis comparing UEMR to EMR was performed. Analysis was stratified according to polyp sizes (< 10 mm, ≥ 10 mm, and ≥ 20 mm). Results Twenty-two articles were included in this study. For polyps ≥ 10 mm, UEMR was inferior to ESD in achieving en bloc resection ( P  = 0.02). However, UEMR had shorter operating time for polyps ≥ 10 mm ( P  < 0.001), and ≥20 mm ( P  = 0.019) with reduced perforation risk for polyps ≥ 10 mm ( P  = 0.05) compared to ESD. In addition, en bloc resection rates were similar between UEMR and EMR, although UEMR had reduced recurrence for polyps ≥ 10 mm ( P  = 0.013) and ≥ 20 mm ( P  = 0.014). UEMR also had shorter mean operating than EMR for polyps ≥ 10 mm ( P  < 0.001) and ≥ 20 mm ( P  < 0.001). Risk of bleeding and perforation with UEMR and EMR were similar for polyp of all sizes. Conclusions UEMR has demonstrated technical and oncological outcomes comparable to ESD and EMR, along with a desirable safety profile. UEMR appears to be a safe and effective alternative to conventional methods for resection of polyps ≥ 10 mm.

4.
Gut ; 71(5): 854-863, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of gastric cancer (GC) attributed to gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM), and validate the Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia (OLGIM) for targeted endoscopic surveillance in regions with low-intermediate incidence of GC. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal and multicentre study was carried out in Singapore. The study participants comprised 2980 patients undergoing screening gastroscopy with standardised gastric mucosal sampling, from January 2004 and December 2010, with scheduled surveillance endoscopies at year 3 and 5. Participants were also matched against the National Registry of Diseases Office for missed diagnoses of early gastric neoplasia (EGN). RESULTS: There were 21 participants diagnosed with EGN. IM was a significant risk factor for EGN (adjusted-HR 5.36; 95% CI 1.51 to 19.0; p<0.01). The age-adjusted EGN incidence rates for patients with and without IM were 133.9 and 12.5 per 100 000 person-years. Participants with OLGIM stages III-IV were at greatest risk (adjusted-HR 20.7; 95% CI 5.04 to 85.6; p<0.01). More than half of the EGNs (n=4/7) attributed to baseline OLGIM III-IV developed within 2 years (range: 12.7-44.8 months). Serum trefoil factor 3 distinguishes (Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristics 0.749) patients with OLGIM III-IV if they are negative for H. pylori. Participants with OLGIM II were also at significant risk of EGN (adjusted-HR 7.34; 95% CI 1.60 to 33.7; p=0.02). A significant smoking history further increases the risk of EGN among patients with OLGIM stages II-IV. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest a risk-stratified approach and recommend that high-risk patients (OLGIM III-IV) have endoscopic surveillance in 2 years, intermediate-risk patients (OLGIM II) in 5 years.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastroscopia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Metaplasia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia
5.
Metabolism ; 126: 154911, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) population is non-obese. Prior studies reporting the severity of NAFLD amongst non-obese patients were heterogenous. Our study, using data from the largest biopsy-proven NAFLD international registry within Asia, aims to characterize the demographic, metabolic and histological differences between non-obese and obese NAFLD patients. METHODS: 1812 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients across nine countries in Asia assessed between 2006 and 2019 were pooled into a curated clinical registry. Demographic, metabolic and histological differences between non-obese and obese NAFLD patients were evaluated. The performance of Fibrosis-4 index for liver fibrosis (FIB-4) and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) to identify advanced liver disease across the varying obesity subgroups was compared. A random forest analysis was performed to identify novel predictors of fibrosis and steatohepatitis in non-obese patients. FINDINGS: One-fifth (21.6%) of NAFLD patients were non-obese. Non-obese NAFLD patients had lower proportions of NASH (50.5% vs 56.5%, p = 0.033) and advanced fibrosis (14.0% vs 18.7%, p = 0.033). Metabolic syndrome in non-obese individuals was associated with NASH (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.01-2.54, p = 0.047) and advanced fibrosis (OR 1.88, 95% CI 0.99-3.54, p = 0.051). FIB-4 performed better than the NFS score (AUROC 81.5% vs 73.7%, p < 0.001) when classifying patients with F2-4 fibrosis amongst non-obese NAFLD patients. Haemoglobin, GGT, waist circumference and cholesterol are additional variables found on random forest analysis useful for identifying non-obese NAFLD patients with advanced liver disease. CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of non-obese NAFLD patients has NASH or advanced fibrosis. FIB-4, compared to NFS better identifies non-obese NAFLD patients with advanced liver disease. Serum GGT, cholesterol, haemoglobin and waist circumference, which are neither components of NFS nor FIB-4, are important biomarkers for advanced liver disease in non-obese patients.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade/patologia , Adulto , Ásia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
JGH Open ; 5(10): 1114-1118, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621995

RESUMO

Training of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in Asia faces challenges of the ever-increasing demand for skills to handle a growing range of both diagnostic and interventional EUS procedures, and a continual shortage of EUS training programs. To keep up with the pace of development in EUS, more short-term EUS programs have been conducted across Asia in recent years. In this aspect, the Asian EUS Group (AEG) has taken the lead to fast-track the dissemination of EUS knowledge and skills across Asia through its multinational network of training centers. AEG's programs are brought to wherever there is demand. Its versatile modular structure allows the program to be easily customized and scaled up or down to align to local needs, making it highly adaptable to the changing and varying needs in different countries. Even with the current pandemic situation, it has been able to continue its training efforts through the use of technology, including webinars, and live case demonstration.

8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(25): 3925-3939, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has shown to be effective in management of colorectal neoplasm in the Asian countries, while its implementation in Western countries where endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is preferred is still debatable. AIM: To compare the surgical, histological, and oncological outcomes between ESD and EMR in the treatment of colorectal polyps, with subgroup analysis comparing the efficacy of ESD and EMR between Japan and the rest of the world. METHODS: Embase and Medline databases were searched from inception to October 2020 in accordance with PRISMA guidelines for studies comparing en bloc, complete resection, margin involvement, resection time, need for additional surgery, complications, and recurrence rate of ESD with EMR. RESULTS: Of 281344 colorectal polyps from 21 studies were included. When compared to EMR, the pooled analysis revealed ESD was associated with higher en bloc and complete resection rate, and lower lateral margin involvement and recurrence. ESD led to increased procedural time, need for additional surgery, and perforation risk. No significant difference in bleeding risk was found between the two groups. Meta-regression analysis suggested only right colonic polyps correlated with an increased perforation risk in ESD. Confounders including polyp size and invasion depth did not significantly influence the en bloc and complete resection rate, bleeding risk and recurrence. In subgroup analysis, Japan performed better than the rest of the world in both ESD and EMR with perforation risk of 4% and 0.0002%, respectively, as compared to perforation risk of 8% and 1%, respectively, in reports coming from rest of the world. CONCLUSION: ESD resulted in better resection outcomes and lower recurrence compared to EMR. With appropriate training, ESD is preferred over EMR as the first-line therapy for resection of colorectal polyps, without restricting to lesions greater than 20 mm and those with high suspicion of submucosal invasion.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Ásia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Intestinal/cirurgia , Japão , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(4): 279-294, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major societies provide differing guidance on management of Barrett's esophagus (BE), making standardization challenging. AIM: To evaluate the preferred diagnosis and management practices of BE among Asian endoscopists. METHODS: Endoscopists from across Asia were invited to participate in an online questionnaire comprising eleven questions regarding diagnosis, surveillance and management of BE. RESULTS: Five hundred sixty-nine of 1016 (56.0%) respondents completed the survey, with most respondents from Japan (n = 310, 54.5%) and China (n = 129, 22.7%). Overall, the preferred endoscopic landmark of the esophagogastric junction was squamo-columnar junction (42.0%). Distal palisade vessels was preferred in Japan (59.0% vs 10.0%, P < 0.001) while outside Japan, squamo-columnar junction was preferred (59.5% vs 27.4%, P < 0.001). Only 16.3% of respondents used Prague C and M criteria all the time. It was never used by 46.1% of Japanese, whereas 84.2% outside Japan, endoscopists used it to varying extents (P < 0.001). Most Asian endoscopists (70.8%) would survey long-segment BE without dysplasia every two years. Adherence to Seattle protocol was poor with only 6.3% always performing it. 73.2% of Japanese never did it, compared to 19.3% outside Japan (P < 0.001). The most preferred (74.0%) treatment of non-dysplastic BE was proton pump inhibitor only when the patient was symptomatic or had esophagitis. For BE with low-grade dysplasia, 6-monthly surveillance was preferred in 61.9% within Japan vs 47.9% outside Japan (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Diagnosis and management of BE varied within Asia, with stark contrast between Japan and outside Japan. Most Asian endoscopists chose squamo-columnar junction to be the landmark for esophagogastric junction, which is incorrect. Most also did not consistently use Prague criteria, and Seattle protocol. Lack of standardization, education and research are possible reasons.

12.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 49(7): 1735-1746, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452593

RESUMO

This paper presents a two magnetic sensor based tracking method for a magnetically inflated intragastric balloon capsule (MIBC) which is used for obesity treatment. After the MIBC is swallowed, it is designed to be inflated inside the stomach by approaching a permanent magnet (PM) externally near the abdomen. However, if the balloon inflation is accidentally triggered while the MIBC is still in the esophagus, the esophagus will be damaged. Therefore, to safely inflate the MIBC, we aim to track the MIBC's position along the esophagus and confirm the MIBC passes through. Typically, magnetic sensor based tracking systems tend to be bulky and costly since they involve computationally intensive optimization with many magnetic sensors. To solve those problems, we develop an algorithm that estimates the position of the PM inside the MIBC by using the grid search combined with the dynamically confined search range and search threshold modulation. Our tracking method achieved an average 1D position error of 3.48 mm which is comparable to the up to 4 mm average error for the other magnetic sensor based tracking systems that require more sensors and computational power compared to our system.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Deglutição , Desenho de Equipamento , Balão Gástrico , Humanos , Fenômenos Magnéticos
13.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(1): 20-24, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448515

RESUMO

White-light endoscopy with biopsy is the current gold standard modality for detecting and diagnosing upper gastrointestinal (GI) pathology. However, missed lesions remain a challenge. To overcome interobserver variability and learning curve issues, artificial intelligence (AI) has recently been introduced to assist endoscopists in the detection and diagnosis of upper GI neoplasia. In contrast to AI in colonoscopy, current AI studies for upper GI endoscopy are smaller pilot studies. Researchers currently lack large volume, well-annotated, high-quality datasets in gastric cancer, dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus and early esophageal squamous cell cancer. This review will look at the latest studies of AI in upper GI endoscopy, discuss some of the challenges facing researchers, and predict what the future may hold in this rapidly changing field.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/tendências , Esôfago de Barrett/diagnóstico , Esôfago de Barrett/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/tendências , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Previsões , Gastrite/diagnóstico , Gastrite/microbiologia , Gastrite/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter , Humanos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia
14.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 93(5): 1172-1177, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One of the difficulties in performing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is the lack of retraction during submucosal dissection. The development of the EndoMaster EASE System (EndoMaster Pte Ltd, Singapore) aims to enhance the safety and efficacy of ESD through 2 flexible robotic arms for tissue retraction and dissection. This is a preclinical animal study to evaluate the performance of colorectal ESD using the latest version of the EndoMaster EASE System. METHODS: The latest version of the EndoMaster EASE System consists of an independently designed, flexible platform with a built-in endoscopic imaging system and 3 working channels, 2 for the passage of robotic arms and 1 for accessories. In this animal study, the outcome measures were operating time (from starting incision to finishing dissection), completeness of resection, procedure-related adverse events, and limitations of arm manipulation in a narrow working space as assessed by counting the frequency of blind cutting. RESULTS: Five ESD procedures were performed in a 66.7-kg porcine model with the animal under general anesthesia. The mean operative time was 73.8 minutes, and the mean size of the specimen resected was 1340 mm2. There was no perforation, although profuse bleeding was encountered during 1 robotic ESD procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The current preclinical study confirmed the feasibility of performing colorectal ESD using the latest version of the EndoMaster EASE System. The system was also tested for the ability to manage adverse events including bleeding and perforation. This study provided important preclinical experience for clinical trial.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Animais , Dissecação , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Singapura , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Endoscopy ; 53(6): 595-602, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) features and criteria have been described in chronic pancreatitis, challenges remain with interoperator variability and ease of adoption. The aim of this study was to define and validate the EUS features of chronic pancreatitis in a multicenter prospective study in Asia. METHOD: The study was divided into two parts: the first part was conducted to derive the EUS features of chronic pancreatitis with adequate interoperator agreement; the second was to prospectively evaluate these features in a multicenter cross-sectional study and determine the optimal combination of features for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. Prospectively enrolled cases had standard internationally validated radiologic or histologic features of chronic pancreatitis, and controls were patients without chronic pancreatitis who underwent EUS examination. RESULTS: The top six EUS features that had good interobserver agreement (mean kappa 0.73, range 0.60 - 0.90) were selected to be further evaluated in part II of the study. These included: hyperechoic foci with shadowing, lobularity with honeycombing, cysts, dilated main pancreatic duct, dilated side branches, and calculi in the main pancreatic duct. A total of 284 subjects (132 cases, 152 controls) were enrolled from 12 centers in Asia. All six features had high accuracy ranging from 63.3 % to 89.1 %. Two or more of these six EUS features accurately defined chronic pancreatitis (sensitivity 94.7 %, specificity 98.0 %), with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.986. CONCLUSION: This multicenter Asian study characterized and defined the EUS features of chronic pancreatitis. This provides a useful tool in clinical practice and further research in pancreatic cancer surveillance.


Assuntos
Pancreatite Crônica , Ásia , Estudos Transversais , Endossonografia , Humanos , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 49(5): 1391-1401, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215368

RESUMO

Intragastric balloons (IGBs), by occupying the stomach space and prolonging satiety, is a promising method to treat obesity and consequently improves its associated comorbidities, e.g. coronary heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. However, existing IGBs are often tethered with tubes for gas or liquid delivery or require endoscopic assistance for device delivery or removal, which are usually uncomfortable, costly, and may cause complications. This paper presents a novel tetherless, magnetically actuated capsule (EndoPil) which can deploy an IGB inside the stomach after being swallowed and being activated by an external magnet. The external magnet attracts a small magnet inside the EndoPil to open a valve, triggering the chemical reaction of citric acid and potassium bicarbonate to produce carbon dioxide gas, which inflates a biocompatible balloon (around 120 mL). A prototype, 13 mm in diameter and 35 mm in length, was developed. Simulations and bench-top tests were conducted to test the force capability of the magnetic actuation mechanism, the required force to activate the valve, and the repeatability of balloon inflation. Experiments on animal and human were successfully conducted to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of inflating a balloon inside the stomach by an external magnet.


Assuntos
Cápsulas/administração & dosagem , Balão Gástrico , Imãs , Adulto , Animais , Bicarbonatos/administração & dosagem , Bicarbonatos/química , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Ácido Cítrico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Cítrico/química , Deglutição , Endoscopia , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Obesidade/terapia , Compostos de Potássio/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Potássio/química , Suínos
17.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 408, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma with biliary ductal invasion is rare and associated with a significantly lower survival rate. CASE PRESENTATION: We present an unusual case of a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and biliary invasion, who had his diagnosis confirmed by histological analysis from tissue extracted by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. An 87-year-old male presented with a 1-day history of right upper quadrant pain and jaundice. His past medical history included recurrent gallstone cholangitis and a previous cholecystectomy. An abdominal CT demonstrated a dilated intrahepatic biliary tree with left proximal intrahepatic hyperdensities, as well as a 3 cm hepatocellular carcinoma. He was initially suspected to have concurrent gallstone cholangitis and a newly diagnosed hepatocellular carcinoma. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and balloon trawling of the intraductal lesions extracted necrotic tumour-like tissue which was histologically consistent with hepatocellular carcinoma. The extraction of the intra-biliary portion of HCC resulted in complete resolution of his jaundice, enabling further treatment with nivolumab, which would not have been possible if the obstruction was not cleared. The patient is currently well and has completed his 6th cycle of nivolumab. CONCLUSION: Obstructive jaundice is an uncommon presentation for patients with HCC. it is key for clinicians to be aware of the possibility of intrabiliary invasion in order obtain an early diagnosis and to reduce any delay in treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Icterícia Obstrutiva , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Humanos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Masculino
18.
JGH Open ; 4(5): 790-794, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102746

RESUMO

The endoscope was traditionally used as a diagnostic instrument. In past decades, it has increasingly been adapted for therapeutic intents. Subsequently, the master-slave robotic concept was introduced into the field of endoscopy to potentially reduce the difficulty and complication rates of endoscopic therapeutic procedures. As interest in robotic endoscopy intensified, progressively more robotic endoscopic platforms were developed, tested, and introduced. Nevertheless, the future of robotic endoscopy hinges on the ability to meet specific clinical needs of procedurists. Three aspects are vital in ensuring continued success and clinical adoption of the robotic endoscope-demonstration of clinical safety and cost-efficacy of the device, widespread availability of directed training opportunities to enhance technical skills and clinical decision-making capabilities of the procedurist, and continued identification of new clinical applications beyond the current uses of the device. This review provides a brief discussion of the historical development of robotic endoscopy, current robotic endoscopic platforms, use of robotic endoscopy in conventional therapeutic endoscopic procedures, and the future of robotic endoscopy.

19.
JGH Open ; 4(4): 565-568, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782939

RESUMO

Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a premalignant condition associated with the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Over the past decade, BE and its associated neoplasia has increased in prevalence globally. Current surveillance guidelines aimed to detect and treat BE-associated dysplasia early in the hope of improving the morbidity and mortality of the condition. However, due to the lack of long-term data and the proven benefit that surveillance actually improves mortality from EAC, the guidelines of the United States and Europe are slightly different. This review will focus on discussing the surveillance strategy for BE appropriate for the Asian region, taking into account the unique epidemiologic features of this disease in the Asian region.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21791, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846811

RESUMO

The current barrier for investigation of Barrett esophagus (BE) in Asia is diagnostic standardization, which is a challenge to identify its true risk factors. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, clinical characteristics and risk factors of BE in Vietnamese patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms.A cross-sectional study was conducted on consecutive outpatients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Endoscopically suspected esophageal metaplasia (ESEM) which was clearly visible at least 1 cm above the gastroesophageal junction at endoscopy was taken biopsy. At least 1 biopsy per 2 cm in tongues of ESEM and 4 biopsies per 2 cm of circumferential ESEM were taken. The diagnostic criterion for BE was replacement of the normal squamous epithelial lining by columnar epithelium confirmed by histology.A total of 1947 patients were recruited. Forty-seven out of 58 patients with ESEM were histologically confirmed BE. The prevalences of BE and hiatal hernia (HH) were 2.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-3.1%) and 2.3% (95% CI, 1.6-2.9%), respectively. Heartburn and/or regurgitation presented in only 61.7% (95% CI, 46.4-75.5%) of patients with BE. In multivariate analysis, the only 2 factors significantly associated with BE were HH (OR 7.53; 95% CI, 3.13-18.11; P < .001) and typical reflux symptom (OR 2.07; 95% CI, 1.12-3.83; P = .020).BE is not uncommon in Vietnamese patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition, typical reflux symptoms and HH are the risk factors for BE in Vietnamese.


Assuntos
Esôfago de Barrett/epidemiologia , Esôfago de Barrett/patologia , Esôfago/patologia , Adulto , Esôfago de Barrett/diagnóstico por imagem , Biópsia , Estudos Transversais , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Feminino , Azia/epidemiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/epidemiologia , Masculino , Metaplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Metaplasia/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas , Vietnã/epidemiologia
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