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2.
Death Stud ; 43(1): 32-40, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29393827

RESUMO

Death metaphors are a meaningful way to understand personal perceptions of death, an important construct affecting how people live. This study collected death metaphor data among 100 university students in Hong Kong in 2016 and compared the findings with another study reported in 2004. Interpersonally oriented death metaphors were still popular among students a decade later. There was a general decrease in positive perception of death and an increase in negative perception of death from 2004 to 2016. Death metaphors are useful tools in death education programs, especially in cultures where death is a taboo topic.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , Metáfora , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
3.
Support Care Cancer ; 27(3): 933-941, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088138

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer survivors experience significant psychosocial distress even after completion of cancer treatment. The association between cancer coping and cancer recovery is not well established. The present study investigated the cancer-coping profile and cancer outcomes in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A three-wave longitudinal study was conducted. In 2009 (wave 1), 248 breast cancer survivors completed a package of psychological inventories to evaluate cancer copying style, psychological distress, anxiety and depression, and quality of life. They received follow-up survey in 2012 (wave 2) and 2016 (wave 3). A latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted among participants in wave 1 to identify cancer-coping class. Identified cancer-coping class was used to predict psychological and survival outcomes in waves 2 and 3. RESULTS: Two cancer-coping classes were identified through LPA, namely adaptive cancer coping (class I; 52%) and maladaptive cancer coping (class II; 47.8%). Demographic and clinical factors did not differ significantly between the two classes. Subsequent analyses demonstrated that the cancer-coping style in wave 1 predicted the psychological symptoms and quality of life outcomes at the two follow-ups (waves 2 and 3). Survivors in the adaptive group (class I) exhibited lower cancer distress, anxiety and depression scores, and higher quality of life scores than those in the maladaptive group did. Cancer coping were not found to be significantly associated with cancer survival or recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: The identified cancer-coping styles were predictive of the survivors' psychological symptoms, psychological well-being, and health-related quality of life but not cancer survival or recurrence.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Demografia , Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int J Clin Health Psychol ; 18(3): 227-234, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30487928

RESUMO

Background/Objective: To examine the roles of anxiety sensitivity and attentional bias in the development of anxiety and depression symptoms among adolescents. Method: 214 grade 7 to grade 10 Hong Kong Chinese students completed a package of psychometric inventories to measure levels of anxiety sensitivity, selective attentional processing, and anxiety and depressive symptoms in 2016 and then again in 2017. Results: Girls, when compared with boys, exhibited more anxiety symptoms and anxiety sensitivity in 2016. They also reported a significant increase in mean depression level from 2016 to 2017. Regression analyses revealed that the physical-concerns dimension of anxiety sensitivity, positive attentional bias, and to a lesser extent negative attentional bias were related to the development of both anxiety and depression symptoms one year later. Fear of mental incapacity could predict depression one year later but not anxiety symptoms. Conclusions: Intervention through anxiety sensitivity training to reduce somatic concerns and attentional bias modification to increase habitual attention to positive stimuli and to disengage from negative stimuli can reduce anxiety and depression symptoms among high school students.

5.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0203883, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jaw correction surgery can cause significant psychosocial impacts on patients. This prospective study investigated the longitudinal changes of psychosocial characteristics of patients with dentofacial deformities after jaw correction surgery and the factors that predict the psychological resilience in Hong Kong Chinese undergoing jaw correction surgery. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted on 92 Hong Kong Chinese patients (32 males, 60 females; mean age = 24.75 ± 5.65 years), who had jaw correction surgery as treatment for their dentofacial deformities, from 1st June 2011 to 30th June 2015. Self-completed psychological inventories including Brief Symptom Inventory, Life Orientation Test, and the Adult Trait Hope Scale were used to measure distress, optimism, and hope levels respectively. Patients completed the inventories in five time points: the surgical consent signing day (usually two to three months before the surgery) (T1); one day before operation (T2), first to second post-operative week (T3), third post-operative month (T4) and sixth post-operative month (T5). RESULTS: Latent class growth analysis revealed two outcome trajectory classes: a resilience trajectory (n = 45, 48.9%) and a chronic dysfunction trajectory (n = 14, 15.2%). Another 33 (35.9%) showed erratic trajectory patterns that would not be classified into any categories. The psychological distress levels of patients in the resilience trajectory group, on average, were below the clinical threshold of the Brief Symptom Inventory at all time points. However, the opposite result was obtained for patients in the chronic dysfunctional group. Patients exhibiting a resilience trajectory pattern, when compared to those showing a chronic dysfunction pattern, had higher optimism (t(57) = 3.69, p < .0001) and hope (t(57) = 2.46, p < .05) levels at T1. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare the relative power of optimism and hope levels at T1 to predict resilience or chronic dysfunctional group membership. A test of the full model against a constant only model was statistically significant (χ2(2) = 24.096, p < .01). Preoperative baseline optimism (B = -.276, p < .05) but not hope (B = -.25, ns) was a significant variable to classify the outcome trajectories for psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients were resilient to dentofacial deformities jaw correction surgery. About 15% exhibited a chronic distress pattern. An optimistic view about the surgery may enhance resilience. Pre-surgical counselling or educational sessions to facilitate a realistic positive outlook about the operation would be beneficial.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/psicologia , Psicologia/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica/classificação , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Hong Kong , Esperança , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Otimismo/psicologia , Cirurgia Ortognática/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicologia/classificação , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Resiliência Psicológica/classificação , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Clin Psychol ; 74(9): 1509-1525, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29488626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the interaction effect of anxiety and depression on the intentional forgetting of positive and negative valence words. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five grade 7 to grade 10 students participated in the study. The item-method directed forgetting paradigm was used to examine the intentional forgetting of positive-valence, negative-valence, and neutral-valence words. RESULTS: Negative-valence words were recognized better than either positive-valence or neutral-valence words. The results revealed an anxiety main effect (p = .01, LLCI = -.09, and ULCI = -.01) and a depression main effect (p = .04, LLCI = .00, and ULCI = .24). The anxiety score was negative, whereas the depression score was positively related to the directed forgetting of negative-valence words. Regression-based moderation analysis revealed a significant anxiety × depression interaction effect on the directed forgetting of positive-valence words (p = .02, LLCI = .00, and ULCI = .01). Greater anxiety was associated with more directed forgetting of positive-valance words only among participants with high depression scores. With negative-valence words, the anxiety × depression interaction effect was not significant (p = .15, LLCI = - .00, and ULCI = .01). CONCLUSION: Therapeutic strategies to increase positive memory bias may reduce anxiety symptoms only among those with high depression scores. Interventions to reduce negative memory bias may reduce anxiety symptoms irrespective of levels of depression.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Linguagem , Rememoração Mental , Adolescente , Adulto , Emoções , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino
7.
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 62(4): 1062-1079, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27604971

RESUMO

With increasing evidence suggesting a disparity in female and male offenders in terms of rehabilitative needs, growing concern has been placed on the development of gender-specific services for female offenders. As such, a prison-based psychological gymnasium (PSY GYM), with distinctive features in integrating cognitive-behavioral and positive-psychology concepts to address female offenders' needs, was set up in 2011. The present study aims to introduce the concept as well as present findings to evaluate the overall effectiveness of PSY GYM. Nineteen Chinese female offenders participated in a 6- to 8-month intensive training program at the Lo Wu Correctional Institution (LWCI) of the Hong Kong Correctional Services Department in Hong Kong. Psychometric inventories were used to assess their psychological distress and positive growth following the program. Participants showed significant reduction in their depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, and in their tendency to pay attention to negative information. Furthermore, their sense of hope, gratitude, and tendency to pay attention to positive information had remarkably increased. This indicated the effectiveness of PSY GYM in facilitating successful rehabilitation for female offenders.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Psicoterapia , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estresse Psicológico/terapia
8.
J Adolesc Health ; 61(3): 378-384, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28532895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively. Participants in the three groups received their respective interventions. At baseline and after 6 and 12 months, participants completed a questionnaire on their oral health self-efficacy and behaviors. Their oral hygiene (dental plaque score) and dental caries (number of decayed surfaces/teeth status) were recorded. RESULTS: Compared with group I, subjects in groups II and III were more likely to reduce their snacking frequency (odds ratios [95% confidence intervals {CIs}]: 7.12 [1.80-28.16] and 11.17 [2.90-42.98], respectively) and increase their toothbrushing frequency (odds ratios [95% CIs]: 5.26 [2.28-12.16] and 11.45 [4.99-26.26], respectively) after 12 months. Taking group I as a reference, groups II and III had lower number of new carious teeth △D ICDAS II 1-6MFT (ß [95% CI]: -.24 [-.44 to -.04] and -.31 [-.51 to -.11], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: MI was more effective than prevailing health education strategy in eliciting positive changes in adolescents' oral health behaviors and preventing dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Entrevista Motivacional/métodos , Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escovação Dentária
9.
Br J Psychol ; 108(3): 564-582, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27678018

RESUMO

Research has shown that children and adolescents with attentional control deficits tend to have high anxiety and exhibit threat-related selective attentional bias. This study aimed to investigate how positive and negative attentional biases would interact with attentional control on dispositional anxiety. One hundred and twenty participants aged 18 years of age or younger participated in a visual dot-probe task to measure their attentional bias and completed psychological questionnaires to measure their trait anxiety, and attentional control. Mean reaction times to the probe in milliseconds were used to measure attentional bias. Overall, our participants showed a bigger tendency towards attending to positive emotional stimuli than to negative emotional stimuli. Adolescents with high dispositional anxiety showed poorer attentional control. Regression analyses showed that attentional control interact with negative attentional bias to affect anxiety. For participants with high attentional control, higher negative attentional bias was associated with lower trait anxiety. Trait anxiety was not related to negative attentional bias for participants with low attentional control. Positive attentional bias showed no significant relationship with dispositional anxiety, either alone or in interaction with attentional control. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are also discussed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Atenção/fisiologia , Viés de Atenção/fisiologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adolescente , Emoções/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Psicológicos , Tempo de Reação , Análise de Regressão
11.
Support Care Cancer ; 24(12): 4929-4937, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27470259

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of supportive-expressive group (SEG) therapy and body-mind-spirit (BMS) intervention on emotional suppression and psychological distress in Chinese breast cancer patients. METHODS: This three-arm randomized controlled trial assigned 157 non-metastatic breast cancer patients to BMS, SEG, or social support control group. SEG focused on emotional expression and group support, whereas BMS emphasized relaxation and self-care. All groups received 2-h weekly sessions for 8 weeks. The participants completed measurements on emotional suppression, perceived stress, anxiety, and depression at baseline and three follow-up assessments in 1 year. RESULTS: Using latent growth modeling, overall group difference was found for emotional suppression (χ 2(2) = 8.88, p = 0.012), marginally for perceived stress (χ 2(2) = 5.70, p = 0.058), but not for anxiety and depression (χ 2(2) = 0.19-0.94, p > 0.05). Post-hoc analyses revealed a significant and moderate reduction (Cohen d = 0.55, p = 0.007) in emotional suppression in SEG compared to control group, whereas BMS resulted in a marginally significant and moderate fall (d = 0.46, p = 0.024) in perceived stress. Neither SEG nor BMS significantly improved anxiety and depression (d < 0.20, p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present results did not demonstrate overall effectiveness for either BMS or SEG therapy in the present sample of Chinese non-metastatic breast cancer patients. The participants appear to derive only modest benefits in terms of their psychological well-being from either intervention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapias Mente-Corpo/métodos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos de Autoajuda , Adulto Jovem
12.
Psychol Assess ; 28(2): 147-57, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26029942

RESUMO

Using their strengths and virtues enables individuals to build resilience and alleviate mental health issues. However, most existing instruments for measuring strengths are too lengthy to provide effective assessment for clinical screening. A brief instrument with good factorial and ecological validity is needed to measure strengths, especially among individuals with mental health issues. In this study, the authors developed a brief inventory, the Brief Strengths Scale-12 (BSS-12), to assess 3 strengths: Temperance Strength, Intellectual Strength, and Interpersonal Strength. Two studies were conducted. Study 1 was conducted in Hong Kong. Service recipients (n = 149) from a psychiatric rehabilitation organization were recruited to establish the factor structure and construct validity of the BSS-12. In Study 2, 203 university undergraduates from mainland China were recruited to examine the factorial invariance of the BSS-12 in a different culture and population. Each factor demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency, content validity, and discriminant validity. The BSS-12 may be a useful tool for assessing strengths in clinical and nonclinical settings for service planning and the evaluation of intervention effectiveness. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Inteligência , Relações Interpessoais , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Temperamento , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Psicometria , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 10(7): e0132294, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26226604

RESUMO

This study was conducted to provide ratings of valence/pleasantness, arousal/excitement, and threat/potential harm for 160 Chinese words. The emotional valence classification (positive, negative, or neutral) of all of the words corresponded to that of the equivalent English language words. More than 90% of the participants, junior high school students aged between 12 and 17 years, understood the words. The participants were from both mainland China and Hong Kong, thus the words can be applied to adolescents familiar with either simplified (e.g. in mainland China) or traditional Chinese (e.g. in Hong Kong) with a junior secondary school education or higher. We also established eight words with negative valence, high threat, and high arousal ratings to facilitate future research, especially on attentional and memory biases among individuals prone to anxiety. Thus, the new emotional word list provides a useful source of information for affective research in the Chinese language.


Assuntos
Emoções , Linguagem , Fala , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Nível de Alerta , China , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
14.
PLoS One ; 10(6): e0130073, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26107687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation. METHODS: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope. CONCLUSIONS: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.


Assuntos
Esperança , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Psicológicos , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Adolesc ; 42: 98-102, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25968107

RESUMO

This study tested the mediating roles of cognitive reappraisal and attentional preferences in the relationship between hope and psychosocial well-being among 712 adolescents. Results of the structural equation modeling revealed that the beneficial relation of hope to subjective happiness, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and interpersonal difficulties was partially mediated by attention to positive information but not cognitive reappraisal. Findings of this study may inform the design of intervention research by highlighting the importance of hopeful thinking style and attention to positive information in mental health of adolescents.


Assuntos
Afeto , Atenção , Bem-Estar da Criança/psicologia , Esperança , Relações Interpessoais , Modelos Psicológicos , Otimismo/psicologia , Pessimismo/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adolescente , Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Felicidade , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Estatística como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Am Coll Health ; 63(1): 32-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25257884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship among virtues, self-perceived life stress, and psychological symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 235 undergraduates participated in the study in March 2013. METHODS: The participants were recruited to complete the Life Stress Rating Scale for College Students, the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire that measures 3 virtues (relationship, vitality, and conscientiousness), and the Symptom Checklist-90. RESULTS: Regression analyses indicated that the perceived stress from minor events explained approximately 35.00% of the variance of psychological symptoms. Both vitality and conscientiousness contributed to another 6.00% of psychological symptoms. Perceived stress from minor events mediated the relationship between vitality and psychological symptoms, whereas conscientiousness directly affected psychological symptoms regardless of the perceived stress level. CONCLUSION: This study clarified the positive role of virtues in stressful situations among Chinese undergraduates. The results benefit the college health professionals in attending strengths of their clients in practice both in Eastern and Western countries.


Assuntos
Percepção , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Virtudes , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades/tendências , Adulto Jovem
17.
Psychooncology ; 23(4): 412-9, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24307197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effects of dispositional hope on psychopathology as well as self-perceived positive change in childhood cancer survivors through the potential mediation of cancer-related ruminations. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and a group of childhood cancer survivors (N = 89; mean age = 23.2 years; age range = 17.2-31.3 years) were studied. Dispositional hope level was measured by the Hope Scale; positive and negative cancer-related ruminations were assessed by the Chinese Cancer-related Rumination Scale; depression symptoms were measured by Beck Depression Inventory; and anxiety symptoms were measured by Beck Anxiety Inventory. Positive adjustment outcome of posttraumatic growth (PTG) was assessed by the Chinese Post-traumatic Growth Inventory. Multiple regressions were used to analyze the relationship between dispositional hope and the outcome variables of PTG, anxiety and depression and the potential mediators of positive and negative cancer-related rumination. RESULTS: Dispositional hope was positively related to PTG, and the correlation was specifically mediated by positive cancer-related rumination. Dispositional hope also correlated with lower levels of depression and anxiety, specifically mediated by negative cancer-related rumination. CONCLUSION: The present finding supported hope as a significant positive factor for childhood cancer survivors, which was associated with PTG and better psychological adjustment. The findings may inform development of therapeutic intervention programs aimed at increasing childhood cancer patients' hope levels, which may be correlated with more positive cancer-related thoughts and better adjustment. The present study, which examined survivors diagnosed at young age, may enrich existing studies on the effect of onset age and adjustment outcomes.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Esperança , Neoplasias/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Temperamento , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
18.
Am J Psychol ; 126(3): 261-73, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24027941

RESUMO

Despite being challenged for their ecological validity, studies of emotion perception have often relied on static, posed expressions. One of the key reasons is that dynamic, spontaneous expressions are difficult to control because of the existence of display rules and frequent co-occurrence of non-emotion related facial movements. The present study investigated cross-cultural patterns in the perception of emotion using an expressive regulation paradigm for generating facial expressions. The paradigm largely balances out the competing concerns for ecological and internal validity. Americans and Hong Kong Chinese (expressors) were presented with positively and negatively valenced pictures and were asked to enhance, suppress, or naturally display their facial expressions according to their subjective emotions. Videos of naturalistic and dynamic expressions of emotions were rated by Americans and Hong Kong Chinese (judges) for valence and intensity. The 2 cultures agreed on the valence and relative intensity of emotion expressions, but cultural differences were observed in absolute intensity ratings. The differences varied between positive and negative expressions. With positive expressions, ratings were higher when there was a cultural match between the expressor and the judge and when the expression was enhanced by the expressor. With negative expressions, Chinese judges gave higher ratings than their American counterparts for Chinese expressions under all 3 expressive conditions, and the discrepancy increased with expression intensity; no cultural differences were observed when American expressions were judged. The results were discussed with respect to the "decoding rules" and "same-culture advantage" approaches of emotion perception and a negativity bias in the Chinese collective culture.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Emoções , Expressão Facial , Adulto , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção Social , Estados Unidos
19.
Psychooncology ; 22(3): 715-9, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22213595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cancer patients in Hong Kong and Taiwan share traditional Chinese as a written form of language, but each region has its own sociocultural background. This study examined if the four-factor model (self, spiritual, life orientation, and interpersonal) of the Chinese version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-C), developed for Hong Kong cancer survivors, could be applied to cancer survivors in Taiwan. METHODS: Multisample confirmatory factor analyses (MS-CFA) were used to examine the factorial invariance of the PTGI-C among cancer survivors in Taiwan (n = 217) and Hong Kong (n = 223). RESULTS: The goodness-of-fit of the four-factor model was satisfactory, χ²(180) = 372.36 (χ²/df = 2.07), goodness-of-fit index (GFI) = 0.90, adjusted GFI (AGFI) = 0.87, comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.92, Tucker-Lewis index (TLI) = 0.91, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.05, Akaike information criterion (AIC) = 492.36. This result suggests that the factor structure of the PTGI-C developed in Hong Kong could be applied to cancer survivors in Taiwan. The internal reliabilities of the 15-item whole scale, as well as all the subscales, were good and similar to those reported previously. Interregion comparison revealed that the Taiwan sample had higher mean 'spiritual' and 'interpersonal' posttraumatic growth subscale scores than the Hong Kong sample. CONCLUSIONS: The four-factor model of the PTGI-C is invariant among cancer survivors using traditional Chinese as a written form of the language. The differences in the degree of some posttraumatic growth dimensions may be because of differences in cultural factors and in psychosocial support for cancer patients between the two regions.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Neoplasias/psicologia , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Autoimagem , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Taiwan
20.
Death Stud ; 37(3): 248-68, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24524435

RESUMO

The present study examined the effects of attachment style and continuing bonds, defined as the extent to which a bereaved individual feels that the deceased remains a part of his/her life, on postbereavement adjustment among 71 conjugally bereaved individuals. It was shown that bereaved individuals with an anxious attachment style tended to show more externalized continuing bonds as well as more grief symptoms. An anxious attachment style played a direct and significant role in postbereavement adjustment over and above the contribution of externalized continuing bonds. Interventions to facilitate restoration tasks and to reduce externalized continuing bonds would be discussed.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Luto , Apego ao Objeto , Testes Psicológicos , Viuvez/etnologia , Viuvez/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tradução
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