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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 122(1): 010406, 2019 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012663

RESUMO

Two-dimensional topological insulators possess conducting edge states at their boundary while being insulating in the bulk. We investigate the edge state emergent at a smooth topological phase boundary of interacting fermions within a full real-space analysis of the time-reversal invariant Hofstadter-Hubbard model. We characterize the localization of the edge state and the topological phase boundary by means of the local compressibility, the spectral density, a generalized local spin Chern marker as well as the Hall response and find good agreement between all these quantities. Computing the edge state spectra at the interface we observe robustness of the edge state against fermionic two-body interactions and conclude that interactions only shift its position. Hence the bulk-boundary correspondence for the interacting system is confirmed. Since experimental probing of edge states remains a challenge in ultracold atom setups, we propose the detection of the local compressibility by measuring correlations with a quantum gas microscope.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(15): 157201, 2018 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29756857

RESUMO

Recently, the frustrated XY model for spins 1/2 on the honeycomb lattice has attracted a lot of attention in relation with the possibility to realize a chiral spin liquid state. This model is relevant to the physics of some quantum magnets. Using the flexibility of ultracold atom setups, we propose an alternative way to realize this model through the Mott regime of the bosonic Kane-Mele-Hubbard model. The phase diagram of this model is derived using bosonic dynamical mean-field theory. Focusing on the Mott phase, we investigate its magnetic properties as a function of frustration. We do find an emergent chiral spin state in the intermediate frustration regime. Using exact diagonalization we study more closely the physics of the effective frustrated XY model and the properties of the chiral spin state. This gapped phase displays a chiral order, breaking time-reversal and parity symmetry, but is not topologically ordered (the Chern number is zero).

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 111(18): 185307, 2013 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24237536

RESUMO

We create an artificial graphene system with tunable interactions and study the crossover from metallic to Mott insulating regimes, both in isolated and coupled two-dimensional honeycomb layers. The artificial graphene consists of a two-component spin mixture of an ultracold atomic Fermi gas loaded into a hexagonal optical lattice. For strong repulsive interactions, we observe a suppression of double occupancy and measure a gapped excitation spectrum. We present a quantitative comparison between our measurements and theory, making use of a novel numerical method to obtain Wannier functions for complex lattice structures. Extending our studies to time-resolved measurements, we investigate the equilibration of the double occupancy as a function of lattice loading time.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 110(7): 075302, 2013 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25166379

RESUMO

We theoretically investigate the thermodynamics of an interacting inhomogeneous two-component Fermi gas in an optical lattice. Motivated by a recent experiment by L. Hackermüller et al., Science 327, 1621 (2010), we study the effect of the interplay between thermodynamics and strong correlations on the size of the fermionic cloud. We use dynamical mean-field theory to compute the cloud size, which in the experiment shows an anomalous expansion behavior upon increasing attractive interaction. We confirm this qualitative effect but, assuming adiabaticity, we find quantitative agreement only for weak interactions. For strong interactions we observe significant nonequilibrium effects which we attribute to a dynamical arrest of the particles due to increasing correlations.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 109(20): 205303, 2012 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23215500

RESUMO

We consider the time-reversal-invariant Hofstadter-Hubbard model which can be realized in cold-atom experiments. In these experiments, an additional staggered potential and an artificial Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling are available. Without interactions, the system exhibits various phases such as topological and normal insulator, metal as well as semi-metal phases with two or even more Dirac cones. Using a combination of real-space dynamical mean-field theory and analytical techniques, we discuss the effect of on-site interactions and determine the corresponding phase diagram. In particular, we investigate the semi-metal to antiferromagnetic insulator transition and the stability of different topological insulator phases in the presence of strong interactions. We compute spectral functions which allow us to study the edge states of the strongly correlated topological phases.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 109(6): 065301, 2012 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23006278

RESUMO

We study magnetic phases of two-component mixtures of ultracold fermions with repulsive interactions in optical lattices in the presence of hopping imbalance. Our analysis is based on dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) and its real-space generalization at finite temperature. We study the temperature dependence of the transition into the ordered state as a function of the interaction strength and the imbalance parameter in two and three spatial dimensions. We show that below the critical temperature for Néel order mass-imbalanced mixtures also exhibit a charge-density wave, which provides a directly observable signature of the ordered state. For the trapped system, we compare our results obtained by real-space DMFT to a local-density approximation. We calculate the entropy for a wide range of parameters and identify regions, in which mass-imbalanced mixtures could have clear advantages over balanced ones for the purpose of obtaining and detecting quantum magnetism.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 108(8): 087004, 2012 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22463560

RESUMO

We introduce a well-defined and unbiased measure of the strength of correlations in quantum many-particle systems which is based on the relative von Neumann entropy computed from the density operator of correlated and uncorrelated states. The usefulness of this general concept is demonstrated by quantifying correlations of interacting electrons in the Hubbard model and in a series of transition-metal oxides using dynamical mean-field theory.

8.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 2: 693-8, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22043459

RESUMO

We study electron transport through a single-molecule magnet (SMM) and the interplay of its anisotropic spin with quantized vibrational distortions of the molecule. Based on numerical renormalization group calculations we show that, despite the longitudinal anisotropy barrier and small transverse anisotropy, vibrational fluctuations can induce quantum spin-tunneling (QST) and a QST-Kondo effect. The interplay of spin scattering, QST and molecular vibrations can strongly enhance the Kondo effect and induce an anomalous magnetic field dependence of vibrational Kondo side-bands.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 106(20): 205303, 2011 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21668240

RESUMO

We report the first detection of the Higgs-type amplitude mode using Bragg spectroscopy in a strongly interacting condensate of ultracold atoms in an optical lattice. By the comparison of our experimental data with a spatially resolved, time-dependent bosonic Gutzwiller calculation, we obtain good quantitative agreement. This allows for a clear identification of the amplitude mode, showing that it can be detected with full momentum resolution by going beyond the linear response regime. A systematic shift of the sound and amplitude modes' resonance frequencies due to the finite Bragg beam intensity is observed.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 106(15): 155301, 2011 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21568569

RESUMO

We investigate a Bose-Fermi mixture in a three-dimensional optical lattice, trapped in a harmonic potential. Using generalized dynamical mean-field theory, which treats the Bose-Bose and Bose-Fermi interaction in a fully nonperturbative way, we show that for experimentally relevant parameters a peak in the condensate fraction close to the point of vanishing Bose-Fermi interaction is reproduced within a single-band framework. We identify two physical mechanisms contributing to this effect: the spatial redistribution of particles when the interspecies interaction is changed and the reduced phase space for strong interactions, which results in a higher temperature at fixed entropy.

11.
Nano Lett ; 10(9): 3307-11, 2010 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20687519

RESUMO

We have measured quantum transport through an individual Fe(4) single-molecule magnet embedded in a three-terminal device geometry. The characteristic zero-field splittings of adjacent charge states and their magnetic field evolution are observed in inelastic tunneling spectroscopy. We demonstrate that the molecule retains its magnetic properties and, moreover, that the magnetic anisotropy is significantly enhanced by reversible electron addition/subtraction controlled with the gate voltage. Single-molecule magnetism can thus be electrically controlled.

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(19): 196601, 2009 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19518982

RESUMO

Motivated by recent experiments on molecular quantum dots we investigate the relaxation of pure spin states when coupled to metallic leads. Under suitable conditions these systems are well described by a ferromagnetic Kondo model. Using two recently developed theoretical approaches, the time-dependent numerical renormalization group and an extended flow equation method, we calculate the real-time evolution of a Kondo spin into its partially screened steady state. We obtain exact analytical results which agree well with numerical implementations of both methods. Analytical expressions for the steady state magnetization and the dependence of the long-time relaxation on microscopic parameters are established. We find the long-time relaxation process to be much faster in the regime of anisotropic Kondo couplings. The steady state magnetization is found to deviate significantly from its thermal equilibrium value.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 102(14): 146403, 2009 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19392461

RESUMO

The magnetic ground state phase diagram of the disordered Hubbard model at half-filling is computed in dynamical mean-field theory supplemented with the spin resolved, typical local density of states. The competition between many-body correlations and disorder is found to stabilize paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic metallic phases at weak interactions. Strong disorder leads to Anderson localization of the electrons and suppresses the antiferromagnetic long-range order. Slater and Heisenberg antiferromagnets respond characteristically differently to disorder. The results can be tested with cold fermionic atoms loaded into optical lattices.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 100(8): 087201, 2008 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18352657

RESUMO

We investigate the time-dependent Kondo effect in a single-molecule magnet (SMM) strongly coupled to metallic electrodes. Describing the SMM by a Kondo model with large spin S>1/2, we analyze the underscreening of the local moment and the effect of anisotropy terms on the relaxation dynamics of the magnetization. Underscreening by single-channel Kondo processes leads to a logarithmically slow relaxation, while finite uniaxial anisotropy causes a saturation of the SMM's magnetization. Additional transverse anisotropy terms induce quantum spin tunneling and a pseudospin-1/2 Kondo effect sensitive to the spin parity.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 99(12): 126801, 2007 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17930536

RESUMO

We investigate the entanglement between a spin and its environment in impurity systems which exhibit a second-order quantum phase transition separating a delocalized and a localized phase for the spin. As an application, we employ the spin-boson model, describing a two-level system (spin) coupled to a sub-Ohmic bosonic bath with power-law spectral density, J(omega) proportional to omega(s) and 0 < s < 1. Combining Wilson's numerical renormalization group method and hyperscaling relations, we demonstrate that the entanglement between the spin and its environment is always enhanced at the quantum phase transition resulting in a visible cusp (maximum) in the entropy of entanglement. We formulate a correspondence between criticality and impurity entanglement entropy, and the relevance of these ideas to nanosystems is outlined.

16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 98(16): 160405, 2007 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17501400

RESUMO

We study fermionic atoms of three different internal quantum states (colors) in an optical lattice, which are interacting through attractive on site interactions, U<0. Using a variational calculation for equal color densities and small couplings, |U|<|UC|, a color superfluid state emerges with a tendency to domain formation. For |U|>|UC|, triplets of atoms with different colors form singlet fermions (trions). These phases are the analogies of the color superconducting and baryonic phases in QCD. In ultracold fermions, this transition is found to be of second order. Our results demonstrate that quantum simulations with ultracold gases may shed light on outstanding problems in quantum field theory.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 95(8): 086406, 2005 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16196880

RESUMO

We show that the Bose-Fermi Kondo model (BFKM), which may find applicability both to certain dissipative mesoscopic qubit devices and to heavy-fermion systems described by the Kondo lattice model, can be mapped exactly onto the Caldeira-Leggett model. This mapping requires an ohmic bosonic bath and an Ising-type coupling between the latter and the impurity spin. This allows us to conclude unambiguously that there is an emergent Kosterlitz-Thouless quantum phase transition in the BFKM with an ohmic bosonic bath. By applying a bosonic numerical renormalization group approach, we thoroughly probe physical quantities close to the quantum phase transition.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 94(5): 056404, 2005 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15783669

RESUMO

The phase diagram of correlated, disordered electron systems is calculated within dynamical mean-field theory using the geometrically averaged ("typical") local density of states. Correlated metal, Mott insulator, and Anderson insulator phases, as well as coexistence and crossover regimes, are identified. The Mott and Anderson insulators are found to be continuously connected.

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 92(17): 170403, 2004 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15169134

RESUMO

We investigate the fermionic SU(N) Hubbard model on the two-dimensional square lattice for weak to moderate interactions using renormalization group and mean-field methods. For the repulsive case U>0 at half filling and small N the dominant tendency is towards breaking of the SU(N) symmetry. For N>6 staggered flux order takes over as the dominant instability, in agreement with the large-N limit. Away from half filling for N=3 two flavors remain half filled by cannibalizing the third flavor. For U<0 and odd N a full Fermi surface coexists with a superconductor. These results may be relevant to future experiments with cold fermionic atoms in optical lattices.

20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 90(2): 026602, 2003 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12570565

RESUMO

We study a symmetrical double quantum dot (DD) system with strong capacitive interdot coupling using renormalization group methods. The dots are attached to separate leads, and there can be a weak tunneling between them. In the regime where there is a single electron on the DD the low-energy behavior is characterized by an SU(4)-symmetric Fermi liquid theory with entangled spin and charge Kondo correlations and a phase shift pi/4. Application of an external magnetic field gives rise to a large magnetoconductance and a crossover to a purely charge Kondo state in the charge sector with SU(2) symmetry. In a four-lead setup we find perfectly spin-polarized transmission.

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