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1.
Nat Genet ; 48(12): 1564-1569, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27749843

RESUMO

Elevated basal serum tryptase levels are present in 4-6% of the general population, but the cause and relevance of such increases are unknown. Previously, we described subjects with dominantly inherited elevated basal serum tryptase levels associated with multisystem complaints including cutaneous flushing and pruritus, dysautonomia, functional gastrointestinal symptoms, chronic pain, and connective tissue abnormalities, including joint hypermobility. Here we report the identification of germline duplications and triplications in the TPSAB1 gene encoding α-tryptase that segregate with inherited increases in basal serum tryptase levels in 35 families presenting with associated multisystem complaints. Individuals harboring alleles encoding three copies of α-tryptase had higher basal serum levels of tryptase and were more symptomatic than those with alleles encoding two copies, suggesting a gene-dose effect. Further, we found in two additional cohorts (172 individuals) that elevated basal serum tryptase levels were exclusively associated with duplication of α-tryptase-encoding sequence in TPSAB1, and affected individuals reported symptom complexes seen in our initial familial cohort. Thus, our findings link duplications in TPSAB1 with irritable bowel syndrome, cutaneous complaints, connective tissue abnormalities, and dysautonomia.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/genética , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Disautonomia Familiar/genética , Gastroenteropatias/genética , Prurido/genética , Dermatopatias/genética , Triptases/sangue , Triptases/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Dor Crônica/sangue , Dor Crônica/enzimologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/enzimologia , Disautonomia Familiar/sangue , Disautonomia Familiar/enzimologia , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/sangue , Gastroenteropatias/enzimologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prurido/sangue , Prurido/enzimologia , Dermatopatias/sangue , Dermatopatias/enzimologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Arch Microbiol ; 189(2): 181-5, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17891379

RESUMO

In Escherichia coli, Lon is an ATP-dependent protease which degrades misfolded proteins and certain rapidly-degraded regulatory proteins. Given that oxidatively damaged proteins are generally degraded rather than repaired, we anticipated that Lon deficient cells would exhibit decreased viability during aerobic, but not anaerobic, carbon starvation. We found that the opposite actually occurs. Wild-type and Lon deficient cells survived equally well under aerobic conditions, but Lon deficient cells died more rapidly than the wild-type under anaerobiosis. Aerobic induction of the Clp family of ATP-dependent proteases could explain these results, but direct quantitation of Clp protein established that its level was not affected by Lon deficiency and overexpression of Clp did not rescue the cells under anaerobic conditions. We conclude that the Lon protease supports survival during anaerobic carbon starvation by a mechanism which does not depend on Clp.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Viabilidade Microbiana , Protease La/fisiologia , Anaerobiose , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Escherichia coli/genética , Deleção de Genes , Protease La/genética
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