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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27130827

RESUMO

In the emission (57Co) variant of Mössbauer spectroscopy (EMS), the 57Co radionuclide (with a half-life of 9months) is used that undergoes a nuclear decay 57Co→57Fe via electron capture followed by the emission of a γ-quantum, the energy of which is modified by the chemical state and the close coordination environment of the parent 57Co atom. While EMS has been used largely in materials science and nuclear chemistry, its high sensitivity can also be of great advantage in revealing fine structural features and for speciation analysis of biological complexes, whenever the 57Co2+ cation can be used directly as the coordinating metal or as a substitute for native cobalt or other metal ions. As such EMS applications are yet rare, in order to reliably interpret emission spectra of sophisticated 57Co2+-doped biosystems, model EMS studies of simple cobalt biocomplexes are necessary. In this work, EMS spectroscopic data are analysed and discussed for 57Co2+ complexes with a range of small biomolecules of different structures, including 4-n-hexylresorcinol, homoserine lactone and a few amino acids (spectra measured in rapidly frozen dilute aqueous solutions or in the dried state at T=80K). The EMS data obtained are discussed with regard to the available literature data related to the coordination modes of the biocomplexes under study.


Assuntos
4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Cobalto/química , Hexilresorcinol/química , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , 4-Butirolactona/química , Ácido Aspártico/química , ortoaminobenzoatos/química
2.
J Environ Radioact ; 173: 58-69, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28011110

RESUMO

The research investigated three iron carbonate (siderite) sedimentary concretions from Nagykovácsi, Úri and Délegyháza, Hungary. To identify possible source rocks and effects of the glaze-like exposed surface of the concretions, we carried on comparative petrological, mineralogical, geochemical and isotopic studies. The samples were microbially mediated siderite concretions with embedded metamorphous and igneous mineral clasts, and had specific rim belts characterized by semi-concentric outer Fe-oxide layers, fluffy pyrite-rich outer belts and siderite inner parts. We investigated the cross section of the Fe-carbonate concretions by independent methodologies in order to identify their rim effects. Their surficial oxide layers showed evidence of degassing of the exposed surface caused most probably by elevated temperatures. The inner rim pyrite belt in the concretions excluded the possibility of a prolonged wet surface environment. Microtextural and mineralogical features did not support desert varnish formation. 10Be nuclide values of the Nagykovácsi and Uri concretions were far above the level of terrestrial in-situ cosmogenic nuclides, but they were consistent with the lowest levels for meteorites. Though the data were not conclusive to confirm any kind of known origin, they are contradictary, and open possibilities for a scenario of terrestrial meteorite origin.


Assuntos
Berílio/análise , Carbonatos/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Monitoramento de Radiação , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Hungria , Minerais/química , Pintura , Tempo (Meteorologia)
3.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 408(6): 1565-71, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26769130

RESUMO

For the ubiquitous diazotrophic rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense, which has been attracting the attention of researchers worldwide for the last 35 years owing to its significant agrobiotechnological and phytostimulating potential, the data on iron acquisition and its chemical speciation in cells are scarce. In this work, for the first time for azospirilla, low-temperature (at 80 K, 5 K, as well as at 2 K without and with an external magnetic field of 5 T) transmission Mössbauer spectroscopic studies were performed for lyophilised biomass of A. brasilense (wild-type strain Sp7 grown with (57)Fe(III) nitrilotriacetate complex as the sole source of iron) to enable quantitative chemical speciation analysis of the intracellular iron. In the Mössbauer spectrum at 80 K, a broadened quadrupole doublet of high-spin iron(III) was observed with a few percent of a high-spin iron(II) contribution. In the spectrum measured at 5 K, a dominant magnetically split component appeared with the parameters typical of ferritin species from other bacteria, together with a quadrupole doublet of a superparamagnetic iron(III) component and a similarly small contribution from the high-spin iron(II) component. The Mössbauer spectra recorded at 2 K (with or without a 5 T external field) confirmed the assignment of ferritin species. About 20% of total Fe in the dry cells of A. brasilense strain Sp7 were present in iron(III) forms superparamagnetic at both 5 and 2 K, i.e. either different from ferritin cores or as ferritin components with very small particle sizes.


Assuntos
Azospirillum brasilense/metabolismo , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer/métodos , Azospirillum brasilense/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Ferritinas/química , Liofilização , Ferro/química , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
4.
Dalton Trans ; 43(48): 17971-9, 2014 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25359218

RESUMO

The identity of the predominating tin(ii)-hydroxide complex formed in hyper-alkaline aqueous solutions (0.2 ≤CNaOH≤ 12 mol dm(-3)) is determined by potentiometric titrations, Raman, Mössbauer and XANES spectroscopy, supplemented by quantum chemical calculations. Thermodynamic studies using a H2/Pt electrode up to free hydroxide concentrations of 1 mol dm(-3) showed the presence of a single monomeric complex with a tin(II) : hydroxide ratio of 1 : 3. This observation together with Raman and Mössbauer spectroscopic measurements supplemented by quantum mechanical calculations proved that the predominating complex is [Sn(OH)3](-), and that the presence of the other possible complex, [SnO(OH)](-), could not be proven with either experiments or simulations. The structure of the trihydroxidostannate(II) complex, [Sn(OH)3](-), was determined by EXAFS and was found to be independent of the applied hydroxide and tin(II) concentrations. The mean Sn-O bond distance is short, 2.078 Å, and in very good agreement with the only structure reported in the solid state. It is also shown that at pH values above 13 the speciation of the predominant trihydroxidostannate(II) complex is not affected by the presence of high concentrations of chloride ions.


Assuntos
Hidróxidos/química , Estanho/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Teoria Quântica , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , Análise Espectral Raman , Termodinâmica , Água/química , Espectroscopia por Absorção de Raios X
5.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 405(6): 1921-7, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22960797

RESUMO

The emission ((57)Co) variant of Mössbauer spectroscopy, rarely used in biology-related studies, was applied to study binding and possible transformations of (57)Co(II) traces in live and dead (hydrothermally treated) cells of the rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense (strain Sp7) at T=80 K in frozen aqueous suspensions and as their dried residues. The Mössbauer parameters calculated from the spectra were compared with the similarly obtained data reported earlier for another A. brasilense strain, Sp245 (which differs from strain Sp7 by the ecological niche occupied in the rhizosphere and was found earlier to exhibit different metabolic responses under similar environmental conditions). Similarly to strain Sp245, live cells of strain Sp7, rapidly frozen 2 min and 1 h after their contact with (57)Co(2+) (measured in frozen suspensions), showed marked differences in their Mössbauer parameters, reflecting metabolic transformations of (57)Co(2+) occurring within an hour. However, the parameters for strains Sp7 (this work) and Sp245 (reported earlier), obtained under similar conditions, were found to significantly differ, implying dissimilarity in their metabolic response to Co(2+). This is in line with their different metabolic responses to several heavy metals, including Co(2+), detected earlier using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.


Assuntos
Azospirillum brasilense/metabolismo , Cobalto/análise , Cobalto/metabolismo , Azospirillum brasilense/química , Biotransformação , Cátions Bivalentes , Radioisótopos de Cobalto , Dessecação , Congelamento , Viabilidade Microbiana , Rizosfera , Especificidade da Espécie , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , Temperatura
6.
Inorg Chem ; 48(16): 7864-84, 2009 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19618946

RESUMO

The crystal structure of the as-yet-unknown salt K[Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)].3H(2)O, where cydta = (+/-)-trans-1,2-cyclohexanediaminetetraacetate, has been resolved: orthorhombic space group Pbca with R1 = 0.0309, wR2 = 0.0700, and GOF = 0.99. There are two independent [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) anions in the asymmetric unit, and the ligand is (R,R)-cydta in both cases. The coordination polyhedron is a seven-coordinate capped trigonal prism where the quadrilateral face formed by the four ligand donor oxygen atoms is capped by the coordinated water molecule. The speciation of [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) in water was studied in detail by a combination of techniques: (i) Measurements of the pH dependence of the Fe(III/II)cydta redox potentials by cyclic voltammetry enabled the estimation of the stability constants (0.1 M KNO(3), 25 degrees C) of [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) (log beta(III)(110) = 29.05 +/- 0.01) and [Fe(II)(cydta)(H(2)O)](2-) (log beta(II)(110) = 17.96 +/- 0.01) as well as pK(III)(a1OH) = 9.57 and pK(II)(a1H) = 2.69. The formation enthalpy of [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) (DeltaH degrees = -23 +/- 1 kJ mol(-1)) was measured by direct calorimetry and is compared to the corresponding value for [Fe(III)(edta)(H(2)O)](-) (DeltaH degrees = -31 +/- 1 kJ mol(-1)). (ii) pH-dependent spectrophotometric titrations of Fe(III)cydta lead to pK(III)(a1OH) = 9.54 +/- 0.01 for deprotonation of the coordinated water and a dimerization constant of log K(d) = 1.07. These data are compared with those of Fe(III)pdta (pdta = 1,2-propanediaminetetraacetate; pK(III)(a1OH) = 7.70 +/- 0.01, log K(d) = 2.28) and Fe(III)edta (pK(III)(a1OH) = 7.52 +/- 0.01, log K(d) = 2.64). Temperature- and pressure-dependent (17)O NMR measurements lead to the following kinetic parameters for the water-exchange reaction at [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) (at 298 K): k(ex) = (1.7 +/- 0.2) x 10(7) s(-1), DeltaH(++) = 40.2 +/- 1.3 kJ mol(-1), DeltaS(++) = +28.4 +/- 4.7 J mol(-1) K(-1), and DeltaV(++) = +2.3 +/- 0.1 cm(3) mol(-1). A detailed kinetic study of the effect of the buffer, temperature, and pressure on the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-) was performed using stopped-flow techniques. The reaction was found to consist of two steps and resulted in the formation of a purple Fe(III) side-on-bound peroxo complex [Fe(III)(cydta)(eta(2)-O(2))](3-). The peroxo complex and its degradation products were characterized using Mossbauer spectroscopy. Formation of the purple peroxo complex is only observable above a pH of 9.5. Both reaction steps are affected by specific and general acid catalysis. Two different buffer systems were used to clarify the role of general acid catalysis in these reactions. Mechanistic descriptions and a comparison between the edta and cydta systems are presented. The first reaction step reveals an element of reversibility, which is evident over the whole studied pH range. The positive volume of activation for the forward reaction and the positive entropy of activation for the backward reaction suggest a dissociative interchange mechanism for the reversible end-on binding of hydrogen peroxide to [Fe(III)(cydta)(H(2)O)](-). Deprotonation of the end-on-bound hydroperoxo complex leads to the formation of a seven-coordinate side-on-bound peroxo complex [Fe(III)(cydta)(eta(2)-O(2))](3-), where one carboxylate arm is detached. [Fe(III)(cydta)(eta(2)-O(2))](3-) can be reached by two different pathways, of which one is catalyzed by a base and the other by deprotonated hydrogen peroxide. For both pathways, a small negative volume and entropy of activation was observed, suggesting an associative interchange mechanism for the ring-closure step to the side-on-bound peroxo complex. For the second reaction step, no element of reversibility was found.


Assuntos
Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Compostos Férricos/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Termodinâmica , Dimerização , Ácido Edético/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Oxirredução , Software , Espectrofotometria , Espectroscopia de Mossbauer , Temperatura , Titulometria , Água/química
7.
Dalton Trans ; (41): 5603-11, 2008 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18854898

RESUMO

To establish the structure of ferric ions in strongly alkaline (pH > 13) environments, aqueous NaOH solutions supersaturated with respect to Fe(III) and the solid ferric-hydroxo complex salts precipitating from them have been characterized with a variety of experimental techniques. From UV measurements, in solutions of pH > 13, only one kind of Fe(III)-hydroxo complex species was found to be present. The micro crystals obtained from such solutions were proven to be a new, so far unidentified solid phase. Mössbauer spectra of the quick-frozen solution and that of the complex salt indicated a highly symmetrical ferric environment in both systems From the EXAFS and XANES spectra, the environment of the ferric ion in these solutions (both native and quick-frozen) and in the complex salt was found to be different. In the complex salt, the bond lengths are consistent with an octahedral coordination around the ferric centres. In solution, the coordination geometry of Fe(III) is most probably tetrahedral. Our results demonstrate that in strongly alkaline aqueous solutions, ferric ions behave very similarly to other structurally related tervalent ions, like Al(III) or Ga(III).

8.
J Phys Chem B ; 111(16): 4280-6, 2007 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17407340

RESUMO

Solid orthorhombic crystals of potassium ferrate(VI) (K(2)FeO(4)) of a high-chemical purity (>99.0%) were characterized by low-temperature (1.5-5 K), high-temperature (463-863 K), and in-field (1.5 K/3 T) Mössbauer spectroscopy. Potassium ferrate(VI) reveals a Néel magnetic transition temperature (TN) of approximately 3.8 K and a saturation hyperfine magnetic field of 13.8 T at 1.5 K. Spectral line intensities recorded below TN in an external magnetic field of 3 T manifest a perfect antiferromagnetic ordering. For the in situ monitoring of the thermal behavior of K(2)FeO(4), high-temperature Mössbauer data were combined with those obtained from thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry, and variable-temperature X-ray diffraction measurements. Such in situ approach allowed the identification of the reaction products and intermediates and yielded the first experimental evidence for the participation of CO2 in the decomposition process. As the primary conversion products, KFeO(2) and two potassium oxides in equivalent molar ratio, KO2 and K(2)O, were suggested. However, the KO2 phase is detectable with difficulty as it reacts very quickly with CO2 from air resulting in the formation of K(2)CO(3). The presented decomposition model is consistent with thermogravimetric data giving the mass loss of 8.0%, which corresponds to the participation of 1/6 mol of CO2 and liberation of 3/4 mol of O2 per 1 mol of K(2)FeO(4) (K(2)FeO(4) + 1/6CO2 --> KFeO(2) + 1/3K(2)O + 1/6K(2)CO(3) + 3/4O2). An explanation of the multistage reaction mechanism has an important practical impact for the optimization of the solid-state synthesis of potassium ferrate(VI).

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