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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203037

##### RESUMO

Extracting low-rank and/or sparse structures using matrix factorization techniques has been extensively studied in the machine learning community. Kernelized matrix factorization (KMF) is a powerful tool to incorporate side information into the low-rank approximation model, which has been applied to solve the problems of data mining, recommender systems, image restoration, and machine vision. However, most existing KMF models rely on specifying the rows and columns of the data matrix through a Gaussian process prior and have to tune manually the rank. There are also computational issues of existing models based on regularization or the Markov chain Monte Carlo. In this article, we develop a hierarchical kernelized sparse Bayesian matrix factorization (KSBMF) model to integrate side information. The KSBMF automatically infers the parameters and latent variables including the reduced rank using the variational Bayesian inference. In addition, the model simultaneously achieves low-rankness through sparse Bayesian learning and columnwise sparsity through an enforced constraint on latent factor matrices. We further connect the KSBMF with the nonlocal image processing framework to develop two algorithms for image denoising and inpainting. Experimental results demonstrate that KSBMF outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches for these image-restoration tasks under various levels of corruption.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 394: 122537, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203715

##### RESUMO

Environmental estrogens, including bisphenol A (BPA) and 17ß-estradiol (E2), which are widely used in industries and medicine, pose a severe ecological threat to fish due to feminization induction. However, the related metabolic basis for reproductive feminization in male fish has not been well addressed. We first found that female zebrafish exhibited higher lipid accumulation and lipogenesis activity than males. Next, we exposed male and female zebrafish to E2 (200â¯ng/L) or BPA (100â¯µg/L) for six weeks, and observed an early-phase reproductive feminization in males, accompanied with reduced spermatids, significant fat deposition and lipogenic gene expressions that mimicked female patterns. Cellular signaling assays revealed that, E2 or BPA modulated lipid metabolism in males mainly through lowering 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and upregulating the lipogenic mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways. For the first time, we show that environmental estrogens could alter lipid metabolism in male fish to a female pattern (metabolic feminization) prior to gonad feminization in male fish, to allows males to accumulate efficiently lipids to harmonize with the feminized gonads. This study suggests that negative effects of environmental estrogens, as hazardous materials, on vertebrate health are more complicated than originally thought.

3.
Hum Mutat ; 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112660

##### RESUMO

Int22h1/Int22h2-mediated Xq28 duplication syndrome is a relatively new X-linked intellectual disability syndrome, arising from duplications of the subregion flanked by intron 22 homologous regions 1 and 2 on the q arm of chromosome X. Its primary manifestations include variable cognitive deficits, distinct facial dysmorphia, and neurobehavioral abnormalities that mainly include hyperactivity, irritability, and autistic behavior. Affected males are hemizygous for the duplication, which explains their often more severe manifestations compared with heterozygous females. In this report, we describe the cases of nine individuals recently identified having the syndrome, highlighting unique and previously unreported findings of this syndrome. Specifically, we report for the first time in this syndrome, two cases with de novo duplications, three receiving prenatal diagnosis with the syndrome, and three others having atypical versions of the duplication. Among the latter, one proband has a shortened version spanning only the centromeric half of the typical duplication, while the other two cases have a nearly identical length duplication as the classical duplication, with the exception that their duplication's breakpoints are telomerically shifted by about 0.2 Mb. Finally, we shed light on two new manifestations in this syndrome, vertebral anomalies and multiple malignancies, which possibly expand the phenotypic spectrum of the syndrome.

4.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(1): 38-42, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115922

##### RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy of Tongdu Shujin Decoction (, TSD) combined with manipulation for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 50 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis diagnosed from October 2015 to October 2017 were retrospectively studied. Fifty patients were divided into a treatment group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. In the treatment group, 25 patients were treated by TSD plus combined manipulation, including 10 males and 15 females, with an average age of (53.43±5.26) years old, the course of disease was (6.9± 2.3) years. In the control group, 25 patients were treated by the adenosine cobalamin tablets and loxoprofen sodium tablets, including 12 males and 13 females, with an average age of (56.37±4.61) years old, the course of disease was (7.1±3.4) years. The two groups were treated for 4 weeks. After treatment, the clinical efficacy of the two groups were evaluated by the low back pain evaluation criteria (JOA) and visual analogue scale (VAS) . RESULTS: Fifty patients were followed up for 2.2 to 3.2 (2.62± 0.47) months. After treatment, JOA and VAS scores of the two groups were significantly improved compared with those before treatment, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01) , and the improvement degree of the treatment group was better than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01) . CONCLUSION: TSD combined with manipulation for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis has a good effect.

##### Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209407

##### RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal entry tears have undesirable influence in type B aortic dissection (TBAD) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), including inhibition of aortic remolding and increase of late aortic events. Therefore, distal entry tears should be managed. Nowadays, main strategies for managing distal entry tears included total and selective strategies. However, which strategy is better still remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the outcomes of selective strategy for distal entry tears after TEVAR in TBAD. METHODS: A total of 43 consecutive TBAD patients with distal entry tears after TEVAR were administered with selective strategy for distal entry tears, including occlusion of the tear in the thoracic aortic segment, thrombosis of reverse blood flow channel in the false lumen and selective occlusion of distal entry tears. Mortality, complications and aortic remolding in early follow-up (12 months after operation) were analyzed. RESULTS: All 43 patients survived during the follow-up period. Operation was performed again for femoral artery reconstruction in one patient who had occlusion of the approach vessel during the follow-up period, and the remaining 42 patients had no uncomfortable symptoms and operation-related complications. The Maximum diameter of the aorta was ï¼32.03±6.35ï¼mm andï¼27.36±4.92ï¼mm, respectively for before and after reintervention, and the difference was significant (t=5.899, P<0.001ï¼. The unthrombotic range of the false lumen after reintervention was significantly shrunken in all patients, compared with before reintervention. CONCLUSIONS: Selective strategy was safe and effective, at least in early follow-up. Its effectiveness should be further verified by more clinical observation results and long-term follow-up results.

6.
Mol Brain ; 13(1): 35, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151269

##### RESUMO

Calstabin2, also named FK506 binding protein 12.6 (FKBP12.6), is a subunit of ryanodine receptor subtype 2 (RyR2) macromolecular complex, an intracellular calcium channel. Studies from our and other's lab have shown that hippocampal calstabin2 regulates spatial memory. Calstabin2 and RyR2 are widely distributed in the brain, including the amygdala, a key brain area involved in the regulation of emotion including fear. Little is known about the role of calstabin2 in fear memory. Here, we found that genetic deletion of calstabin2 impaired long-term memory in cued fear conditioning test. Knockdown calstabin2 in the lateral amygdala (LA) by viral vector also impaired long-term cued fear memory expression. Furthermore, calstabin2 knockout reduced long-term potentiation (LTP) at both cortical and thalamic inputs to the LA. In conclusion, our present data indicate that calstabin2 in the LA plays a crucial role in the regulating of emotional memory.

7.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 67, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164696

##### RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis was reported to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the association between them has not been firmly established in the existing literature. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the relationship between periodontitis and IBD. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for publications up to August 1, 2019 to include all eligible studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated to determine the association between periodontal disease and IBD using a random or fixed effects model according to heterogeneity. RESULTS: Six eligible studies involving 599 IBD patients and 448 controls were included. The pooled OR between periodontitis and IBD was 3.17 (95% CI: 2.09-4.8) with no heterogeneity observed (I2 = 0.00%). The pooled ORs were 3.64 (95% CI: 2.33-5.67) and 5.37 (95% CI: 3.30-8.74) for the associations between periodontitis and the two sub-categories of IBD, Crohn' s disease and ulcerative colitis, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that periodontitis was significantly associated with IBD. However, the mechanisms underlying periodontitis and IBD development are undetermined. Further studies are needed to elucidate this relationship.

8.
Gene ; 741: 144537, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156528

##### RESUMO

Breed improvement is an important genetic process affecting meat quality. Compared with Kazakh cattle, Xinjiang brown cattle have significantly improved carcass quality and meat quality. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the improvements in Xinjiang brown cattle and the differences in beef quality between the two breeds, we used RNA-Seq to study differentially expressed genes and miRNAs and regulatory pathways related to adipogenesis, myogenesis and fibrogenesis in the longissimus dorsi muscles of Xinjiang brown cattle and Kazakh cattle. The results showed that 1669 genes were differentially expressed in the longissimus dorsi muscle tissues of Xinjiang brown cattle and Kazakh cattle; 879 genes were upregulated and 790 genes were downregulated in Xinjiang brown cattle compared to Kazakh cattle. These genes were mainly involved in PPAR signaling, unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis and vascular smooth muscle contraction. Additionally, 346 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified, of which 265 miRNAs were downregulated and 81 miRNAs were upregulated in Xinjiang brown cattle compared to Kazakh cattle. Association analysis of the differentially expressed genes and miRNAs revealed that 86 differentially expressed miRNAs related to adipogenesis were associated with 31 differentially expressed genes, 76 differentially expressed miRNAs associated with myogenesis were associated with 28 differentially expressed genes, and 54 differentially expressed miRNAs associated with fibrogenesis were associated with 19 differentially expressed genes. miRNA-target gene networks were also constructed. Finally, the expression levels of 19 genes and miRNAs were verified by qRT-PCR. Some differentially expressed genes, including FABP4, ACTA2 and ACTG2, were shown to play an important role in beef meat quality. This is the first study to perform transcriptomic analysis of muscle tissues from Xinjiang brown and Kazakh cattle.

9.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 36(3): 49, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157439

##### RESUMO

Glycerol is a by-product of biodiesel, and it has a great application prospect to be transformed to synthesize high value-added compounds. Pseudomonas chlororaphis GP72 isolated from the green pepper rhizosphere is a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria that can utilize amount of glycerol to synthesize phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA). PCA has been commercially registered as "Shenqinmycin" in China due to its characteristics of preventing pepper blight and rice sheath blight. The aim of this study was to engineer glycerol utilization pathway in P. chlororaphis GP72. First, the two genes glpF and glpK from the glycerol metabolism pathway were overexpressed in GP72ANO separately. Then, the two genes were co-expressed in GP72ANO, improving PCA production from 729.4 mg/L to 993.4 mg/L at 36 h. Moreover, the shunt pathway was blocked to enhance glycerol utilization, resulting in 1493.3 mg/L PCA production. Additionally, we confirmed the inhibition of glpR on glycerol metabolism pathway in P. chlororaphis GP72. This study provides a good example for improving the utilization of glycerol to synthesize high value-added compounds in Pseudomonas.

##### Assuntos
Glicerol/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Pseudomonas chlororaphis/genética , Pseudomonas chlororaphis/metabolismo , Aquaporinas/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Capsicum/microbiologia , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Glicerolfosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Fenazinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Rizosfera
10.
Environ Pollut ; 262: 114253, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179223

##### RESUMO

Lead bioavailability in contaminated soils varies considerably depending on Pb speciation and sources of contamination. However, little information is available on bioavailability of Pb associated with different fractions. In this study, the Tessier sequential extraction was used to fractionate Pb in 3 contaminated soils to exchangeable (F1), carbonate-bound (F2), Fe/Mn oxides-bound (F3), organic-bound (F4), and residual fractions (F5). In addition, soil residues after F1-F2 extraction (F345), F1-F3 extraction (F45), and F1-F4 extraction (F5) were measured for Pb relative bioavailability (RBA) using a mouse kidney model. Based on the mouse model, Pb-RBA in the soils was 44-93%, which decreased to 43-89%, 28-75%, and 15-68% in the F345, F45, and F5 fractions, respectively. Based on Pb-RBA in the soil residues, Pb-RBA in different fractions was calculated based on a mass balance. The data showed that Pb-RBA was the highest (â¼100%) in the exchangeable and carbonate fraction, and the lowest (15-68%) in the residual fraction. In addition, Pb in the first three fractions (F1-F3) contributed most (83-89%) to bioavailable Pb in contaminated soils. Our study shed light on oral bioavailability of Pb in contaminated soils of different fractions based on sequential extraction and provide important information for soil remediation.

11.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179904

##### RESUMO

Straw return is widely applied to increase soil fertility and soil organic carbon storage. However, its effect on N2O emissions from paddy soil and the associated microbial mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, wheat straw was amended to two paddy soils (2% w/w) from Taizhou (TZ) and Yixing (YX), China, which were flooded and incubated for 30 d. Real-time PCR and Illumina sequencing were used to characterize changes in denitrifying functional gene abundance and denitrifying bacterial communities. Compared to unamended controls, straw addition significantly decreased accumulated N2O emissions in both TZ (5071 to 96 mg kg-1) and YX (1501 to 112 mg kg-1). This was mainly due to reduced N2O production with decreased abundance of major genera of nirK and nirS-bacterial communities and reduced nirK and nirS gene abundances. Further analyses showed that nirK-, nirS-, and nosZ-bacterial community composition shifted mainly along the easily oxidizable carbon (EOC) arrows following straw amendment among 4 different soil organic carbon fractions, suggesting that increased EOC was the main driver of alerted denitrifying bacterial community composition. This study revealed straw return suppressed N2O emission via altering denitrifying bacterial community compositions and highlighted the importance of EOC in controlling denitrifying bacterial communities.

12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2020 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200627

##### RESUMO

Incidental soil ingestion is considered an important route of exposure to hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs), such as dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT). Contaminant ingestion often occurs during food consumption, however, knowledge on the influence of food on DDT bioavailability remains limited. In this study, the relative bioavailability (RBA) of soil DDTr (i.e., DDT and metabolites) was determined using an in vivo mouse model, in the presence of 8 foods including rice, egg, pork, pear, soybean, bread, spinach, and milk powder. The values of DDTr-RBA ranged from 19.8 ± 10.9 % to 114 ± 25.1%. DDTr-RBA was positively correlated with fat (r=0.71), and negatively correlated with fiber (r=0.63) content in food. A mechanistic study showed that fat enhanced micellarization and promoted the formation of chylomicron, which facilitated the dissolution and transport of DDTr in intestinal tract. Bioaccessibility of DDTr was determined using physiologically based in vitro method. The addition of lipase significantly improved the ability of the method to predict DDTr-RBA, indicating that the 'fasted state' in vitro method required optimization for food scenarios. To our knowledge, this is the first study to explore the mechanistic influence of food impacts on DDTr-RBA, and provide important knowledge on dietary approaches for reducing exposure to HOCs.

13.
Curr Med Sci ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207032

##### RESUMO

Since December 2019, COVID-19 has occurred unexpectedly and emerged as a health problem worldwide. Despite the rapidly increasing number of cases in subsequent weeks, the clinical characteristics of pediatric cases are rarely described. A cross-sectional multicenter study was carried out in 10 hospitals across Hubei province. A total of 25 confirmed pediatric cases of COVID-19 were collected. The demographic data, epidemiological history, underlying diseases, clinical manifestations, laboratory and radiological data, treatments, and outcomes were analyzed. Of 25 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, the boy to girl ratio was 1.27:1. The median age was 3 years. COVID-19 cases in children aged <3 years, 3.6 years, and ≥6-years patients were 10 (40%), 6 (24%), and 9 (36%), respectively. The most common symptoms at onset of illness were fever (13 [52%]), and dry cough (11 [44%]). Chest CT images showed essential normal in 8 cases (33.3%), unilateral involvement of lungs in 5 cases (20.8%), and bilateral involvement in 11 cases (45.8%). Clinical diagnoses included upper respiratory tract infection (n=8), mild pneumonia (n=15), and critical cases (n=2). Two critical cases (8%) were given invasive mechanical ventilation, corticosteroids, and immunoglobulin. The symptoms in 24 (96%) of 25 patients were alleviated and one patient had been discharged. It was concluded that children were susceptible to COVID-19 like adults, while the clinical presentations and outcomes were more favorable in children. However, children less than 3 years old accounted for majority cases and critical cases lied in this age group, which demanded extra attentions during home caring and hospitalization treatment.

14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 569: 307-319, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126344

##### RESUMO

Here we report a novel strategy for controllable preparation monodisperse alginate microcapsules with oil cores, where the thickness of the alginate shells, as well as the number and diversity of the oil cores can be tailored precisely. Monodisperse oil-in-water-in-oil (O/W/O) emulsions are generated in a microfluidic device as templates, which contain alginate molecules and a water-soluble calcium complex in the middle aqueous phase. Alginate microcapsules are produced by gelling O/W/O emulsions in oil solution with acetic acid, where the pH decreasing will trigger the calcium ions being released from calcium complex and cross-linking with alginate molecules. Increasing the alginate molecule concentration in emulsion templates affects little on the thickness of the microcapsules but improves their stability in DI water. The strength of alginate microcapsules can be reinforced by post cross-linking in calcium chloride, polyetherimide, or chitosan solution. Typical payloads, such as thyme essential oil, lavender essential oil and W/O emulsions are encapsulated in alginate microcapsules successfully. Furthermore, tailoring the thickness of the alginate shells, as well as the number and the diversity of the oil cores precisely by manipulation the emulsion templates with microfluidics is also demonstrated. The proposed method shows excellent controllability in designing alginate microcapsules with oil cores.

15.
Opt Lett ; 45(3): 636-639, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004271

##### RESUMO

We report fabrication of silica convex microlens arrays with controlled shape, size, and curvature by femtosecond laser direct writing. A backside etching in dye solution was utilized for laser machining high-fidelity control of material removal and real-time surface cleaning from ablation debris. Thermal annealing was applied to reduce surface roughness to 3 nm (rms). The good optical performance of the arrays was confirmed by focusing and imaging tests. Complex 3D micro-optical elements over a footprint of $100 \times 100\;\unicode{x00B5}{{\rm m}^2}$100×100µm2 were ablated within 1 h (required for practical applications). A material removal speed of $120\;\unicode{x00B5}{{\rm m}^3}/{\rm s}$120µm3/s ($6 \times {10^5} \;{{\rm nm}^3}/{\rm pulse}$6×105nm3/pulse) was used, which is more than an order of magnitude higher compared to backside etching using a mask projection method. The method is applicable for fabrication of micro-optical components on transparent hard materials.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2388, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024923

##### RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 1483-1489, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017570

##### RESUMO

It is well-established that the electronic states of graphene oxide (GO) consist of sp2 clusters with different sizes and the surrounding sp3 matrix according to recent reports. However, addressing the excitation energy migration/redistribution among those electronic states in GO-based complex systems from spectroscopic experiments is still a challenge. Here, we combine the time-resolved absorption and fluorescence depolarization experiments to reveal the excitation energy migration processes in electronic states in GO. We demonstrate that, in sp3 domains of GO, there are charge-transfer states between sp3-hybridized carbon atoms and the oxygen-containing functional groups, and the energy redistribution and charge migration in sp3 matrix occur on the time scale from subpicoseconds to tens of picoseconds. In contrast, the electronic states of sp2 clusters in GO are rather localized and dominantly contribute to the excitation-wavelength-dependent red fluorescence of GO.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 151: 576-583, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061692

##### RESUMO

Three polysaccharides of uniform molecular weight designated as SJP1-1, SJP2-1, and SJP3-1 from Smilacina japonica were studied in this paper. Respectively, their specific optical rotations were -45°, -75°, and -35°, their polysaccharide contents were 89.22%, 93.05%, and 59.83%, their relative average molecular weights were 1.87â¯×â¯105â¯Da, 1.04â¯×â¯105â¯Da, and 1.36â¯×â¯104â¯Da. Three polysaccharides were all composed mainly of the three monosaccharides mannose, glucose, and galactose, which together in SJP1-1, SJP2-1, and SJP3-1 respectively made up 96.34%, 98.23%, and 91.67% of the total polysaccharide. The polysaccharide structure was maintained mostly by ß-glucose (1â¯ââ¯3), ß-glucose (1â¯ââ¯4), α-mannose (1â¯ââ¯3), and α-galactose (1â¯ââ¯4) glycosidic linkages. Scanning electron microscopy showed that SJP1-1, SJP2-1, and SJP3-1 were smooth uniform microspheres with diameters of 10-20â¯µm that combined to form both uniformly dispersed particles and blocky structures. Finally, antioxidant assay showed that these polysaccharides all had a strong ability to scavenge ·OH and DPPH· radicals, with the effects of purified polysaccharides being greater than those of crude polysaccharides. This first report on the properties of these polysaccharides provides a basis for further studies to shed light on the medical properties of Smilacina japonica.

19.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(8): 3517-3528, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32095863

##### RESUMO

VNP20009, an attenuated mutant of Salmonella, is potentially applied for tumor therapy due to its specific accumulation and proliferation in the hypoxic zone of tumor. However, studies have shown that human immunity system and the associated toxicities of attenuated Salmonella evidently alleviated the anti-tumor effect when tumor is reduced. As apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) can directly induce nuclear apoptosis in the absence of caspases to avoid unwished apoptosis in normal cells, therefore, a eukaryotic expressing VNP20009-AbVec-Igκ-AIF (V-A-AIF) strain was constructed in the present study, and its anti-melanoma effects were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that AIF expressed by the V-A-AIF strain significantly enhanced the apoptosis of B16F10 cells in vitro, seen as remarkable decrease of tumor volume, formation of larger necrotic areas, and prolongation of the lifespan in a melanoma-bearing mouse model. Furthermore, we observed that the colonization of the V-A-AIF strain and the massive expression of AIF in tumors significantly promoted apoptosis of tumor cells by upregulating the expression ratio of Bcl-2-associated X protein/B cell lymphoma-2 (Bax/Bcl-2), suppressed the inflammatory response by downregulating toll-like receptor-4/nuclear factor kappa-B (TLR-4/NFκB) signaling pathway, seen as reduction of the expressions of phosphorylated phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT), and decrease of the production of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Our study demonstrated that the colonization of the V-A-AIF strain in tumor triggers a decent anti-tumor effect in vivo and in vitro, suggesting that the engineered strain may provide a potential reagent for cancer therapy.

20.
Chemosphere ; 247: 125916, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069716

##### RESUMO

Arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) are ubiquitous in the environment and they are both toxic to humans. When present in soils, they can enter food chain, thereby threatening human health. Water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) is an important leafy vegetable, which is widely consumed in Asian countries. However, it is efficient in taking up As and Cd from soils and accumulating them in the edible parts. Therefore, it is of significance to reduce its As and Cd content, especially in contaminated soil. In this study, pot experiments were conducted to investigate the ability of As-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata in reducing As and Cd uptake by water spinach under different phosphorus treatments. P. vittata was grown for 60 d in a contaminated-soil amended with P fertilizer (+P) or phosphate rock (+PR), followed by water spinach cultivation for another 30 d. Plant biomass, As and Cd contents in plants and soils, and soil pH were analyzed. We found that, P. vittata coupled with PR decreased the As concentration in water spinach shoots by 42%, probably due to As uptake by P. vittata. Moreover, P. vittata decreased the Cd accumulation in water spinach by 24-44%, probably due to pH increase of 0.47-0.61 after P. vittata cultivation. Taking together, the results showed that P. vittata coupled with PR decreased the As and Cd content in water spinach, which is of significance for improving food safety and protecting human health.