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Leukemia ; 31(5): 1079-1086, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27807368


The origin of cancers is associated with etiology as well as therapeutics. Several studies reveal that malignancies in children can originate in utero. However, a diagnostic approach to distinguish between cancers initiated pre- or postnatally is absent. Here we identified a transcriptional factor FEV (fifth Ewing variant) that was expressed in fetal hematopoietic cells and became silent after birth. We characterized that FEV was essential for the self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). We next found that FEV was expressed in most infant leukemia samples, but seldom in adult samples, in accord with the known prenatal origins of the former. We further determined the majority of pediatric acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were FEV positive. Moreover, FEV knockdown markedly impaired the leukemia-propagating ability of leukemic stem cells. We therefore identified FEV is unique to fetal HSCs and stably expressed in leukemic cells of prenatal origin. It may also provide a tractable therapeutic target.

Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/análise , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Leucemia/etiologia , Proteínas Nucleares/análise , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Camundongos , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Gravidez , Fatores de Transcrição
Cell Death Differ ; 20(3): 408-18, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23059786


Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a crucial transcription factor for the cellular adaptive response to hypoxia, which contributes to multiple events in cancer biology. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in almost all cellular activities such as differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. In this work, we use miRNA microarrays to profile miRNA expression in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells with inducible HIF-1α expression, and identify 19 differentially expressed miRNAs. Our study shows that HIF-1α represses the expression of miR-17 and miR-20a by downregulating c-Myc expression. These two miRNAs alleviate hypoxia and HIF-1α-induced differentiation of AML cells. More intriguingly, miR-17 and miR-20a directly inhibit the p21 and STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) expression, both of which can reverse miR-17/miR-20a-mediated abrogation of HIF-1α-induced differentiation. Moreover, we show in vivo that miR-20a contributes to HIF-1α-induced differentiation of leukemic cells. Taken together, our results suggest that HIF-1α regulates the miRNA network to interfere with AML cell differentiation, representing a novel molecular mechanism for HIF-1-mediated anti-leukemic action.

Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Transplante Heterólogo , Células U937