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Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 647184, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335463


The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue between the two subtypes of primary aldosteronism (PA) using abdominal computed tomography. We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed as having essential hypertension (EH) or PA from the prospectively collected Taiwan Primary Aldosteronism Investigation (TAIPAI) database. Patients with PA were divided into the subgroups of idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) and unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). Patients' basic clinicodemographic data were collected, and a self-developed CT-based software program was used to quantify the abdominal adiposity indexes, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area, VAT ratio, waist circumference (WC), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) area, and SAT ratio. We included 190 patients with EH and 436 patients with PA (238 with IHA and 198 with APA). The APA group had significantly lower abdominal adiposity indexes than the other groups. We also found negative correlations of aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) with VAT area, VAT ratio, WC, and body mass index (BMI) in the APA group. After propensity score matching (which left 184 patients each in the IHA and APA groups), patients in the APA group still had significantly lower WC, SAT area, SAT ratio, and VAT ratio than those in the IHA group. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis indicated that lower probability of abdominal obesity was significantly related to patients with APA. Our data revealed that the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue was similar in patients with IHA and those with EH, but the abdominal adiposity indexes were significantly lower in patients with APA than in those with IHA and EH.

J Hypertens ; 39(12): 2353-2360, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313632


OBJECTIVE: Aldosterone overproduction and lipid metabolic disturbances between idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) and unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) have been inconsistently linked in patients with primary aldosteronism. Moreover, KCNJ5 mutations are prevalent among APAs and enhance aldosterone synthesis in adrenal cortex. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in each primary aldosteronism subtype and observe the role of KCNJ5 mutations among APAs on the distribution of abdominal adipose tissues quantified using computed tomography (CT), including their changes postadrenalectomy. DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected 244 and 177 patients with IHA and APA at baseline. Patients with APA had undergone adrenalectomy, and gene sequencing revealed the absence (n = 75) and presence (n = 102) of KCNJ5 mutations. We also recruited 31 patients with APA who had undergone CT-scan 1-year postadrenalectomy. RESULTS: The patients with APA harbouring KCNJ5 mutations had significantly lower prevalence of MetS and smaller distribution in waist circumference, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) than the other groups. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the VAT area correlated significantly with KCNJ5 mutations among the APAs. Only participants with KCNJ5 mutations had significant increases in triglycerides, cholesterol, SAT, and VAT after 1-year postadrenalectomy. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to demonstrate that MetS and abdominal obesity were less prevalent in the patients with APA harbouring KCNJ5 mutations compared with the IHA group and the non-KCNJ5-mutated APA group. Increasing prevalence of dyslipidaemia and abdominal obesity was observed in patients with KCNJ5 mutations 1-year postadrenalectomy.

Magn Reson Med ; 86(1): 471-486, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547656


PURPOSE: To develop an accelerated postprocessing pipeline for reproducible and efficient assessment of white matter lesions using quantitative magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF) and deep learning. METHODS: MRF using echo-planar imaging (EPI) scans with varying repetition and echo times were acquired for whole brain quantification of T 1 and T 2 ∗ in 50 subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 10 healthy volunteers along 2 centers. MRF T 1 and T 2 ∗ parametric maps were distortion corrected and denoised. A CNN was trained to reconstruct the T 1 and T 2 ∗ parametric maps, and the WM and GM probability maps. RESULTS: Deep learning-based postprocessing reduced reconstruction and image processing times from hours to a few seconds while maintaining high accuracy, reliability, and precision. Mean absolute error performed the best for T 1 (deviations 5.6%) and the logarithmic hyperbolic cosinus loss the best for T 2 ∗ (deviations 6.0%). CONCLUSIONS: MRF is a fast and robust tool for quantitative T 1 and T 2 ∗ mapping. Its long reconstruction and several postprocessing steps can be facilitated and accelerated using deep learning.

Aprendizado Profundo , Substância Branca , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Imagens de Fantasmas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
J Neurointerv Surg ; 10(6): 580-586, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28993442


BACKGROUND: Time-resolved rotational angiography (t-RA) enables interventionists to better comprehend complex arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), thereby facilitating endovascular treatment. However, its use in evaluating hemodynamic changes has rarely been explored. OBJECTIVE: This study uses t-RA to estimate intravascular flow in patients with AVM to compare this with flow in the normal population. METHODS: Patients with available t-RA scans were prospectively categorized into one of three groups: hemorrhagic AVM, non-hemorrhagic AVM and control. Pulsatile time-density curves (TDCs) for C1, C6 and VOIMCA were used for amplitude and velocity estimation. C1 was at the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA), 2-3 cm below the carotid canal, C6 was at the paraclinoid segment of the ICA, and VOIMCA was at the junction of the first and second segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). A waveform amplitude ratio was defined as (peak - trough)/trough contrast intensity. VICA was defined as the distance between C6 and C1 divided by the time required for the wave to pass, and correspondingly, the average velocity of MCA (VMCA) was defined as the distance between C6 and VOIMCA divided by the duration for the same peak to travel from C6 and VOIMCA, AVM volume was estimated by MR angiography. RESULTS: Amplitude ratios AC1 and AC6, and average flow velocities VICA and VMCA were significantly larger in the non-hemorrhagic group than in the control group, while the hemorrhagic AVM group was not significantly different from the controls. VICA and VMCA showed moderate to good correlations with AVM volume (r=0.51 and 0.73, respectively). VMCA (33.0±9.1) was significantly lower than VICA (41.3±13.2) in the control group, but not in the two AVM groups. CONCLUSION: TDC waveform propagation derived from t-RA can quantify hemodynamic differences between AVM and the control group. t-RA provides both real-time anatomic and hemodynamic evaluation, and can thus potentially improve the interventional workflow.

Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Fístula Arteriovenosa/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/fisiopatologia , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Testes Imediatos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
PLoS One ; 12(9): e0185330, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28949999


PURPOSE: Current time-density curve analysis of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) provides intravascular flow information but requires manual vasculature selection. We developed an angiographic marker that represents cerebral perfusion by using automatic independent component analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 44 patients with unilateral carotid stenosis higher than 70% according to North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial criteria. For all patients, magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) was performed one day before DSA. Fixed contrast injection protocols and DSA acquisition parameters were used before stenting. The cerebral circulation time (CCT) was defined as the difference in the time to peak between the parietal vein and cavernous internal carotid artery in a lateral angiogram. Both anterior-posterior and lateral DSA views were processed using independent component analysis, and the capillary angiogram was extracted automatically. The full width at half maximum of the time-density curve in the capillary phase in the anterior-posterior and lateral DSA views was defined as the angiographic mean transient time (aMTT; i.e., aMTTAP and aMTTLat). The correlations between the degree of stenosis, CCT, aMTTAP and aMTTLat, and MRP parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: The degree of stenosis showed no correlation with CCT, aMTTAP, aMTTLat, or any MRP parameter. CCT showed a strong correlation with aMTTAP (r = 0.67) and aMTTLat (r = 0.72). Among the MRP parameters, CCT showed only a moderate correlation with MTT (r = 0.67) and Tmax (r = 0.40). aMTTAP showed a moderate correlation with Tmax (r = 0.42) and a strong correlation with MTT (r = 0.77). aMTTLat also showed similar correlations with Tmax (r = 0.59) and MTT (r = 0.73). CONCLUSION: Apart from vascular anatomy, aMTT estimates brain parenchyma hemodynamics from DSA and is concordant with MRP. This process is completely automatic and provides immediate measurement of quantitative peritherapeutic brain parenchyma changes during stenting.

Angiografia Digital/métodos , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose das Carótidas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade