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2.
Indian J Pharmacol ; 52(2): 94-101, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32565596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a mental illness that poses a serious threat to human health worldwide. Schisandra chinensis is a natural herb that can treat the effects of AD, but its specific mechanism is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential components and pharmacological pathways of S. chinensis in the treatment of AD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we investigated the compound of S. chinensis and the effects of it on AD by network pharmacology. Meanwhile, the potential mechanism was proved in vitro. RESULTS: The results showed that S. chinensis contained 173 compounds. Compound-target network confirmed that (E)-9-Isopropyl-6-Methyl-5,9-Decadiene-2-One, 1-Phenyl-1,3-Butanedion, nootkatone and phenyl-2-Propanone were the main chemical constituents which highly aimed at APOE, CACNA1D, GRIN2A, and PTGS2. KEGG and GO enrichment analysis indicated that the main pathways involved neural-related signaling pathways and functions, such as nicotine addiction, GABAergic synapse, Ca2+ signaling pathway, AD, and so on. Validation experiments showed that nootkatone was able to exert anti-apoptotic effects related to Ca2+ signaling pathway by inhibiting nitric oxide production, enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes, upregulating the expression of anti-oxidation and anti-apoptotic proteins in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: These results illustrated that S. chinensis could regulate neuronal apoptosis through the calcium signaling pathway to exert anti-AD by integrating multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway.

3.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 581, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is the seventh-most prevalent tumor in the world, which is still one of the primary causes of tumor-related death. Identifying noteworthy biomarkers for EC is particularly significant in guiding effective treatment. Recently, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood (PB) were intensively discussed as prognostic markers in patients with EC. However, an ongoing controversy still exists regarding the prognostic significance of CTCs determined by the CellSearch system in EC sufferers. This meta-analysis was designed to approach this topic. METHODS: We systematically conducted searches using PubMed, Medline, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies, which were published through February 20, 2020. Using the random-effects model, our study was performed in Review Manager software, with odds ratios (ORs), risk ratios (RRs), hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as the effect values. RESULTS: Totally 7 articles were finally included in this study. For clinicopathological characteristics, the pooled results on TNM stage indicated that the III/IV group had higher rate of CTCs compared with the I/II group (OR = 1.36, 95% CI: 0.68-2.71, I2 = 0%). Incidence of CTCs was higher in patients with T3/T4 stage (OR = 2.92, 95% CI: 1.31-6.51, I2 = 0%) and distant metastasis group (OR = 5.18, 95% CI: 2.38-11.25, I2 = 0%) compared to patients with T1/T2 stage or non-metastatic group. The pooled analysis revealed that CTC positivity detected in EC patients was correlated with poor overall survival (OS) (HR = 2.83, 95% CI:1.99-4.03, I2 = 0%) and relapse-free survival (RFS) (HR = 4.71, 95% CI:2.73-8.13, I2 = 0%). When pooling the estimated RR, a poor therapeutic response to chemoradiotherapy was discovered in patients with CTC positivity (RR = 1.99, 95% CI:1.73-2.29, I2 = 60%). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our meta-analysis demonstrated that CTCs positivity determined by the CellSearch system are correlated with the prognosis of EC patients and might indicate a poor therapeutic response to chemotherapy in EC patients.

4.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(5): 378-387, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study summarizes and compares clinical and laboratory characteristics of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China from Jan. 22 to Mar. 5, 2020. METHODS: A total of 34 patients were divided into two groups, including those who required noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) with additional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in 11 patients. Clinical features of COVID-19 patients were described and the parameters of clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared. RESULTS: The rates of the acute cardiac and kidney complications were higher in IMV cases than those in NIV cases. Most patients had lymphocytopenia on admission, with lymphocyte levels dropping progressively on the following days, and the more severe lymphopenia developed in the IMV group. In both groups, T lymphocyte counts were below typical lower limit norms compared to B lymphocytes. On admission, both groups had higher than expected amounts of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), which over time declined more in NIV patients. The prothrombin time was increased and the levels of platelet, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and IL-6 were higher in IMV cases compared with NIV cases during hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Data showed that the rates of complications, dynamics of lymphocytopenia, and changes in levels of platelet, hemoglobin, BUN, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6, and prothrombin time in these ICU patients were significantly different between IMV and NIV cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Ventilação não Invasiva , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Lesão Renal Aguda/virologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , China , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Cardiopatias/virologia , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Interleucina-6/sangue , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Linfopenia/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Tempo de Protrombina , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 42(2): 388-394, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior research has confirmed the efficacy of exercise training (ET) in patients with prediabetes. However, whether the effectiveness of a combination of exercise and psychological intervention (EP) is better than ET alone in prediabetes in terms of physiological function, psychological status and glycometabolism has rarely been investigated. METHODS: Forty newly diagnosed prediabetes patients (65.3 ± 8.1 years) took part in the study. Subjects were divided into a pure ET group and a combined EP group. Interventions were conducted in 40-50-min sessions twice weekly for 32 weeks. Physiological, psychological and biochemical indicator measurements were taken after pre-, mid- and post-interventions, respectively. RESULTS: The main finding confirmed a significant improvement in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate, high-density lipoprotein, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from pre- to mid- and post-test differentially in both groups (P < 0.05) by post hoc analyses. The EP group has a greater magnitude of improvement of DBP than the ET group. Significant differences were observed in FPG at mid-intervention and total cholesterol at post-intervention between the ET and EP groups. Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) scores of EP group were significantly less than ET group after post-intervention. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that EP might be a promising method lead to more apparent long-term effects on glycometabolism and psychological status for prediabetes patients. Other domains were improved by both interventions, but no typical pattern could be identified. Its underlying mechanisms need further study, and directions for future research are suggested.

6.
Neuroscience ; 433: 42-52, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169552

RESUMO

Although the recognition of facial expressions seems automatic and effortless, discrimination of expressions can still be error prone. Common errors are often due to visual similarities between some expressions (e.g., fear and surprise). However, little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying such a confusion effect. To address this question, we recorded the magnetoencephalography (MEG) while participants judged facial expressions that were either easily confused with or easily distinguished from other expressions. The results showed that the fusiform face area (FFA), rather than the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS), played a preponderant role in discriminating confusable facial expressions. No difference between high confusion and low confusion conditions was observed on the M170 component in either the FFA or the pSTS, whilst a difference between two conditions started to emerge in the late positive potential (LPP), with the low confusion condition eliciting a larger LPP amplitude in the FFA. In addition, the power of delta was stronger in the time window of LPP component. This confusion effect was reflected in the FFA, which might be associated with the perceptual-to-conceptual shift.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(14): 7241-7249, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207466

RESUMO

The self-assembly of Tau protein into amyloid structures is associated with Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. Dominant familial mutations in the Tau gene, such as P301L and P301S, increase the propensity of the Tau protein to aggregate abnormally into filaments. A quantitative description of the fibrillization process of Tau will facilitate the understanding of the cytotoxicity of Tau aggregates and their intercellular spreading. Here, we investigated the aggregation kinetics of Tau and disease-associated P301L and P301S mutants by combined thioflavin T assay and kinetic modeling, which revealed the rate constants of individual microscopic steps in the process of amyloid formation. Compared to WT Tau, P301L shows a larger primary nucleation rate while P301S has higher elongation and fragmentation rates and a more apparent fibril annealing process. Cross-seeding assays and FRET experiments indicate that the structures of the fibrillar nuclei of the three variants are distinct. These results provide detailed insights into how the amyloid aggregation mechanism of Tau protein is affected by the familial mutations P301L and P301S, and relates the physical properties of Tau mutants to their pathogenic mechanism.


Assuntos
Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/fisiopatologia , Proteínas tau/química , Proteínas tau/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Humanos , Cinética , Mutação , Proteínas tau/toxicidade , Proteínas tau/ultraestrutura
8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(14): 7814-7823, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198203

RESUMO

Hsp70 is a conserved molecular chaperone that plays an indispensable role in regulating protein folding, translocation, and degradation. The conformational dynamics of Hsp70 and its regulation by cochaperones are vital to its function. Using bulk and single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) techniques, we studied the interdomain conformational distribution of human stress-inducible Hsp70A1 and the kinetics of conformational changes induced by nucleotide and the Hsp40 cochaperone Hdj1. We found that the conformations between and within the nucleotide- and substrate-binding domains show heterogeneity. The conformational distribution in the ATP-bound state can be induced by Hdj1 to form an "ADP-like" undocked conformation, which is an ATPase-stimulated state. Kinetic measurements indicate that Hdj1 binds to monomeric Hsp70 as the first step, then induces undocking of the two domains and closing of the substrate-binding cleft. Dimeric Hdj1 then facilitates dimerization of Hsp70 and formation of a heterotetrameric Hsp70-Hsp40 complex. Our results provide a kinetic view of the conformational cycle of Hsp70 and reveal the importance of the dynamic nature of Hsp70 for its function.

9.
Phys Rev E ; 101(2-1): 022114, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168724

RESUMO

Statistical thermodynamics of small systems shows dramatic differences from normal systems. Parallel to the recently presented steady-state thermodynamic formalism for master equation and Fokker-Planck equation, we show that a "thermodynamic" theory can also be developed based on Tsallis' generalized entropy S^{(q)}=∑_{i=1}^{N}(p_{i}-p_{i}^{q})/[q(q-1)] and Shiino's generalized free energy F^{(q)}=[∑_{i=1}^{N}p_{i}(p_{i}/π_{i})^{q-1}-1]/[q(q-1)], where π_{i} is the stationary distribution. dF^{(q)}/dt=-f_{d}^{(q)}≤0 and it is zero if and only if the system is in its stationary state. dS^{(q)}/dt-Q_{ex}^{(q)}=f_{d}^{(q)}, where Q_{ex}^{(q)} characterizes the heat exchange. For systems approaching equilibrium with detailed balance, f_{d}^{(q)} is the product of Onsager's thermodynamic flux and force. However, it is discovered that the Onsager's force is nonlocal. This is a consequence of the particular transformation invariance for zero energy of Tsallis' statistics.

11.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 39, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The comparative efficacy of epidural bupivacaine alone and bupivacaine combined with magnesium sulfate in providing postoperative analgesia remains controversial. METHODS: We searched Mediline (OvidSP), EMBASE (OvidSP) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to identify trials that compared epidural bupivacaine and magnesium sulfate combination (intervention) with bupivacaine alone (control). Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) framework was used to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: Eleven studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria after screening. We found that epidural bupivacaine combined with magnesium sulfate could prolong the time for first rescue analgesics (SMD 4.96; 95% CI [2.75, 7.17], P < 0.00001, I2 = 98%), reduce the number of patients who need rescue analgesics (RR 0.38; 95% CI [0.20, 0.74], P = 0.004, I2 = 75%) and requirement for rescue analgesics (SMD -2.65; 95% CI [- 4.23, - 1.06], P = 0.001, I2 = 96%). CONCLUSIONS: Magnesium suifate as an adjuvant of epidural bupivacaine improved postoperative analgesia. However, we rated the quality of evidence to be very low because of high heterogeneity, imprecise of results and small sample sizes. Furthermore, further large high-quality trials are still needed to confirm the effects of magnesium sulfate on postoperative analgesia.

12.
Sleep Breath ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Poor sleep quality is common in medical students and is associated with a number of negative health outcomes. However, the prevalence estimates of poor sleep quality in medical students vary widely across studies. We thus conducted a meta-analysis of the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its mediating factors in medical students. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Medline Complete was performed. The random-effects model was used to analyze the pooled prevalence of poor sleep quality and its 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 57 studies with 25,735 medical students were included. The pooled prevalence of poor sleep quality was 52.7% (95% CI: 45.3% to 60.1%) using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The pooled mean total PSQI score across 41 studies with available data was 6.1 (95% CI: 5.6 to 6.5). Subgroup analyses found that PSQI cutoff value and study region were associated with the prevalence of poor sleep quality (P = 0.0003 VS. P = 0.005). Across the continents, poor sleep quality was most common in Europe, followed by the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Meta-regression analyses found that smaller sample size (slope = - 0.0001, P = 0.009) was significantly associated with higher prevalence of poor sleep quality. CONCLUSIONS: Poor sleep quality is common among medical students, especially in Europe and the Americas continets. Due to the negative health outcomes, regular screening of poor sleep quality and effective interventions are needed for medical students.

13.
Ann Palliat Med ; 9(1): 98-107, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor in the gastrointestinal tract. Small intestine is the second most popular location of GIST, named small intestinal stromal tumor (SIST). The cumulative incidence of malignancy of SIST is twice that of gastric GIST. However, research studies on SIST are relatively rare. METHODS: The present retrospective study included 75 patients with SIST who underwent surgery resection and postoperative pathological diagnosis and analyzed the clinical manifestations, histopathological and immunohistochemical features, advantages and disadvantages of various auxiliary examinations, the treatment and prognosis of SIST. RESULTS: The number of Patients who had gastrointestinal bleeding was significantly higher than patients who had abdominal mass. Cases in the jejunum was significantly more than that in duodenum and ileum groups. With the increase of tumor diameter, the invasion risk also gradually increased. Patients with adverse outcome had bigger tumor diameter than patients with favorable outcome. For patients with adverse outcome, the nuclear division >5/50 HPF constitution is significantly higher than patients with favorable outcome. When categorized into 3 cell types according to cell morphology, the spindle-epithelioid cell type appeared only in patients with adverse outcome. Cox regression analysis indicated that tumor diameter 5.3 cm or higher and nuclear division > 5/50 can be independent risk factors for predicting SIST postoperative adverse outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The present study analyzed the clinical statistics of SIST patients and improved the understanding of this disease and provided valid statistics for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

14.
BMJ ; 368: m606, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075786

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics of patients in Zhejiang province, China, infected with the 2019 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-2019). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Seven hospitals in Zhejiang province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 62 patients admitted to hospital with laboratory confirmed SARS-Cov-2 infection. Data were collected from 10 January 2020 to 26 January 2020. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical data, collected using a standardised case report form, such as temperature, history of exposure, incubation period. If information was not clear, the working group in Hangzhou contacted the doctor responsible for treating the patient for clarification. RESULTS: Of the 62 patients studied (median age 41 years), only one was admitted to an intensive care unit, and no patients died during the study. According to research, none of the infected patients in Zhejiang province were ever exposed to the Huanan seafood market, the original source of the virus; all studied cases were infected by human to human transmission. The most common symptoms at onset of illness were fever in 48 (77%) patients, cough in 50 (81%), expectoration in 35 (56%), headache in 21 (34%), myalgia or fatigue in 32 (52%), diarrhoea in 3 (8%), and haemoptysis in 2 (3%). Only two patients (3%) developed shortness of breath on admission. The median time from exposure to onset of illness was 4 days (interquartile range 3-5 days), and from onset of symptoms to first hospital admission was 2 (1-4) days. CONCLUSION: As of early February 2020, compared with patients initially infected with SARS-Cov-2 in Wuhan, the symptoms of patients in Zhejiang province are relatively mild.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Tosse/virologia , Feminino , Febre/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Radiografia Torácica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/transmissão , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/virologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
15.
Chemistry ; 26(16): 3499-3503, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011042

RESUMO

It has been reported that many molecules could inhibit the aggregation of Aß (amyloid-ß) through suppressing either primary nucleation, secondary nucleation, or elongation processes. In order to suppress multiple pathways of Aß aggregation, we screened 23 small molecules and found two types of inhibitors with different inhibiting mechanisms based on chemical kinetics analysis. Trp-glucose conjugates (AS2) could bind with fibril ends while natural products (D3 and D4) could associate with monomers. A cocktail of these two kinds of molecules achieved co-inhibition of various fibrillar species and avoid unwanted interference.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/antagonistas & inibidores , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Cinética
16.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091058

RESUMO

A key challenge for the fabrication of flexible electrochemical capacitors is to prepare robust electrode materials with excellent integration of high specific capacitances and superior mechanical properties. Aramid nanofibers (ANFs) are emerging candidates for constructing flexible electrode materials due to their superior mechanical properties. However, the present ANF based electrode materials are generally designed by mixing ANFs with electrochemically active components, which results in an unfavorable trade-off in mechanical and electrochemical properties. In this work, we reported flexible, mechanically strong, and free-standing supercapacitor electrodes based on polyaniline (PANI) nanostructure functionalized ANF films for the first time. The flexible PANI@ANF film electrodes achieved an efficient combination of mechanical and electrochemical performance in a single platform with a specific capacitance of 441.0 F g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1 and a tensile strength of 233.3 MPa, respectively. This kind of free-standing electrode material may have great potential in the development of flexible energy-storage devices. Furthermore, we anticipate that this study may provide insight into the functionalization of aramid nanofiber-based materials for structural energy and power systems with high mechanical performance.

17.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 48: 101902, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896433

RESUMO

AIMS: Voluntary admission rates of schizophrenia vary widely across studies. In order to make the topic be informed by evidence, it is important to have accurate estimates. This meta-analysis examined the worldwide prevalence of voluntary admissions for patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Medline databases were systematically searched, from their commencement date until 19th November 2018. Meta-analysis of included studies was performed using the random-effects model. RESULTS: Thirty-five studies with 134,100 schizophrenia patients were included. The overall voluntary admission rate of schizophrenia was 61.9 % (95 %CI: 52.3 %-70.7 %), while the involuntary rate was 43.0 % (95 %CI: 34.8 %-51.7 %). Subgroup analyses revealed that patients in Europe had significantly higher voluntary admission rates, while their North American counterparts were more likely admitted involuntarily. Papers published prior to 2008 reported higher involuntary admission rates. Meta-regression analyses showed that higher male percentage and higher study quality were significantly associated with higher voluntary admission rate. CONCLUSION: Although the worldwide prevalence of voluntary admissions was higher than that of involuntary admissions, the latter was common for schizophrenia. With the continuing liberalization of mental health laws broadening community-based psychiatric services, the rate of voluntary psychiatric admissions is expected to further increase over time.

18.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 47: 101846, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aggression is common in patients with schizophrenia and is clinically significant, but its prevalence is inconsistent across studies. This is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of aggression and its associated factors in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, Medline and Web of Science databases were systematically searched. Studies that reported the prevalence of aggression in patients with schizophrenia using the Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) were included and analyzed using the random-effects model. RESULTS: Fifteen studies with 4855 patients were initially included; of these, 13 studies with 3929 patients were pooled in the final meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of aggression was 33.3% (95%CI: 21.5%-47.7%); specifically, the estimated prevalence of verbal, property-oriented, auto and physical aggression were 42.6% (95%CI: 17.0%-72.9%), 23.8% (95%CI: 10.1%-46.4%), 23.5% (95%CI: 6.5%-57.7%), and 23.7% (95%CI: 10.4%-45.3%), respectively. Subgroup analyses revealed that different MOAS cut-off values (P < 0.001) and source of patients (inpatients vs. community-dwelling patients) significantly moderated the results (P < 0.001). Meta-regression analyses found that studies published recently reported higher aggression rate, while higher quality assessment score was associated with lower aggression rate (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis confirmed that aggression is common in schizophrenia patients. Considering the significant clinical risk issues, appropriate treatments and effective management of aggression in this population need to be developed.

19.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 773, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant homeodomain (PHD) finger proteins are widely present in all eukaryotes and play important roles in chromatin remodeling and transcriptional regulation. The PHD finger can specifically bind a number of histone modifications as an "epigenome reader", and mediate the activation or repression of underlying genes. Many PHD finger genes have been characterized in animals, but only few studies were conducted on plant PHD finger genes to this day. Brassica rapa (AA, 2n = 20) is an economically important vegetal, oilseed and fodder crop, and also a good model crop for functional and evolutionary studies of important gene families among Brassica species due to its close relationship to Arabidopsis thaliana. RESULTS: We identified a total of 145 putative PHD finger proteins containing 233 PHD domains from the current version of B. rapa genome database. Gene ontology analysis showed that 67.7% of them were predicted to be located in nucleus, and 91.3% were predicted to be involved in protein binding activity. Phylogenetic, gene structure, and additional domain analyses clustered them into different groups and subgroups, reflecting their diverse functional roles during plant growth and development. Chromosomal location analysis showed that they were unevenly distributed on the 10 B. rapa chromosomes. Expression analysis from RNA-Seq data showed that 55.7% of them were constitutively expressed in all the tested tissues or organs with relatively higher expression levels reflecting their important housekeeping roles in plant growth and development, while several other members were identified as preferentially expressed in specific tissues or organs. Expression analysis of a subset of 18 B. rapa PHD finger genes under drought and salt stresses showed that all these tested members were responsive to the two abiotic stress treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that the PHD finger genes play diverse roles in plant growth and development, and can serve as a source of candidate genes for genetic engineering and improvement of Brassica crops against abiotic stresses. This study provides valuable information and lays the foundation for further functional determination of PHD finger genes across the Brassica species.


Assuntos
Brassica rapa/genética , Brassica rapa/fisiologia , Evolução Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genômica , Dedos de Zinco PHD/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Brassica rapa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Secas , Duplicação Gênica , Filogenia , Estresse Salino/genética , Sintenia
20.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(4): 388-392, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA) assay for detection of Cryptosporidium. METHODS: Based on Cryptosporidium-specific 18S rRNA selected as the target gene to be detected, and the primer sequences and fluorescent probes designed using the software Amplfix, and a fluorescent RAA assay was established and optimized. The fluorescent RAA assay was performed to detect 18S RNA target sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copies, genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts at various concentrations, and genomic DNA extracted from various numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts to assess the sensitivity of the assay, and to detect genomic DNA extracted from Cryptosporidium oocysts, Giardia lamblia cysts, Schistosoma japonicum eggs, Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, Clonorchis sinensis eggs, Salmonella and Shigella to determine the specificity of the assay. RESULTS: A fluorescent RAA assay was successfully established, which was effective to amplify the specific 18S RNA gene fragments of Cryptosporidium within 20 min at 39 ℃. The lowest limits of the fluorescent RAA assay were 102 copies/µL for detection of 18S RNA target sequence-contained recombinant plasmids at various copies, 1 pg/µL for detection of genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts at various concentrations, and one Cryptosporidium oocyst/µL for detection of genomic DNA extracted from various numbers of Cryptosporidium oocysts, and the fluorescent RAA assay was all negative for detection of genomic DNA from G. lamblia cysts, S. japonicum eggs, A. lumbricoides eggs, C. sinensis eggs, Salmonella and Shigella. CONCLUSIONS: A novel fluorescent RAA assay is successfully established, which is simple, rapid, sensitive and specific to detect genomic DNA of Cryptosporidium oocysts.


Assuntos
Cryptosporidium , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/normas , Cryptosporidium/genética , DNA de Protozoário/genética , Limite de Detecção , Oocistos , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Recombinases/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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