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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226989

RESUMO

NiFe LDH (layered double hydroxide) is currently attracting increasing attention as a type of promising electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction (OERs); however, the biggest obstacle to its large-scale practical application is its poor conductivity and limited active sites. Herein, we report a three-dimensional NiFe LDH with high conductivity and dense active sites, where amorphous NiFe LDH nanosheets are directly electrodeposited on the surface of a hierarchical porous NiCoP@NC derived from the calcination and phosphorization of metal-organic frameworks (ZIF-67) in situ grown on nickel foam. Based on the 3D porous structure, abundant exposed active sites, fast electron and mass transfer rates and strong synergetic effects between NiCoP@NC and NiFe LDH, the resultant NiFe LDH/NiCoP@NC/NF catalysts exhibited significantly enhanced OER catalytic performances compared with NiFe LDH on nickel foam and most of the reported NiFe LDH-based catalysts: a low overpotential of 210 mV for yielding a current density of 10 mA cm-2, an extremely small Tafel slope (35 mV dec-1) and excellent durability. For overall water splitting, with NiFe LDH/NiCoP@NC/NF as the anode and NiCoP@NC/NF as the cathode, the assembled two-electrode system only required 1.54 V to obtain a stable current density of 10 mA cm-2 in 1 M KOH for at least 40 h. This research provided a simple and facile way to develop non-noble-metal oxygen evolution catalysts for replacing high-cost noble metal catalysts.

2.
Immunology ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149403

RESUMO

CD100 is an immune semaphorin constitutively expressed on T cells. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) is an important mediator of membrane-bound CD100 (mCD100) cleavage to generate soluble CD100 (sCD100), which has immunoregulatory activity in immune cell responses. The aim of the study was to investigate the level and role of sCD100 and mCD100 in modulating CD8+ T cell function in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). sCD100 and MMP-14 levels in the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and mCD100 expression on peripheral and lung-resident CD8+ T cells were analysed in NSCLC patients. The ability to induce sCD100 and the effect of MMP-14 on mCD100 shedding for the regulation of noncytolytic and cytolytic functions of CD8+ T cells were also analysed in direct and indirect contact coculture systems. NSCLC patients had lower serum sCD100 and higher mCD100 levels on CD8+ T cells compared with healthy controls. BALF from the tumor site also had decreased sCD100 and increased mCD100 on CD8+ T cells compared with the nontumor site. Recombinant CD100 stimulation enhanced noncytolytic and cytolytic functions of CD8+ T cells from NSCLC patients, whereas blockade of CD100 receptor CD72 attenuated CD8+ T cell activity. NSCLC patients had lower MMP-14 in the serum and in BALF from the tumor site. Recombinant MMP-14 mediated mCD100 shedding from CD8+ T cell membrane, and led to promotion of CD8+ T cell response in NSCLC patients. Overall, decreased MMP-14 resulted in insufficient CD100 shedding, leading to suppression of peripheral and lung-resident CD8+ T cell activity in NSCLC.

3.
Mucosal Immunol ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132671

RESUMO

Claudin1 plays a critical role in maintaining the epithelial barrier, and mucus hypersecretion induced by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation is a pivotal pathological feature of asthma. The relationship between claudin1 expression and mucus hypersecretion and EGFR activation is still poorly understood. In this report, we showed that claudin1 expression correlated with asthma stage, in both patients with asthma and in the house dust mite (HDM)-induced mouse asthma model. Claudin1 knockdown induced MUC5AC overexpression both in 16HBE cells and in mouse airways. In addition, claudin1 expression negatively correlated with asthma severity as demonstrated by significantly higher MUC5AC expression, more severe airway inflammation, and increased airway hyperreactivity in mouse lungs with claudin1 knockdown following HDM challenge. EGFR activation reduced claudin1 expression and increased MUC5AC expression, both in vitro and in vivo. Erlotinib alleviated murine allergic airway inflammation, restored claudin1 expression and decreased MUC5AC expression. These results suggest that EGFR activation-induced decreases in claudin1 promote goblet-cell metaplasia, and restoring claudin1 to maintain barrier integrity by EGFR antagonism may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for asthma.

4.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22490, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115852

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to explore the roles of miR-671-5p in mediating biological processes of osteosarcoma (OS) cells and clinical implications. On the basis of the OS samples acquired from the GEO database, the expression difference and overall survival analyses of miR-671-5p and TUFT1 were determined. The expression of MiR-671-5p was verified using OS cell lines. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, wound-healing, and Transwell assays were respectively carried out to probe whether miR-671-5p regulated OS cell vitality, migration, and invasion. The expression of miR-671-5p was downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines. High expression of MiR-671-5p blocked OS cell growth, migration, and invasion. TUFT1 was predicted and validated as the target of miR-671-5p in OS cells using in silico analysis and luciferase reporter assays. Forced expression of TUFT1 reversed the suppressive influence of miR-671-5p on cell viability, migration, and invasion of OS cells. Moreover, the low expression of miR-671-5p and the high expression of TUFT1 led to poor prognosis. Taken together, targeting miR-671-5p/TUFT1 may be a promising strategy for treating OS.

5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 192: 112153, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135407

RESUMO

NEDDylation pathway regulates multiple physiological process, unlike inhibitors, NEDDylation activators are rarely studied. Novel amide derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antiproliferative activity against MGC803, MCF-7 and PC-3 cells. Among them, Ⅶ-31 displayed the most potent activity with an IC50 value of 94 nmol/L against MGC803 cells. Cellular mechanisms elucidated that Ⅶ-31 inhibited the cell viability, arrested cell cycle at G2/M phase and induced apoptosis via intrinsic and extrinsic pathways against MGC803 cells. In addition, Ⅶ-31 activated NAE1-Ubc12-Cullin1 NEDDylation via interacting with NAE1 directly. Furthermore, the activation of NEDDylation resulted in the degradation of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs). Importantly, Ⅶ-31 inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models in vivo without the apparent toxicity. In summary, it is the first time to reveal that Ⅶ-31 deserves consideration for cancer therapy as a NEDDylation activator.

6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 192: 112161, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155529

RESUMO

KDM5B (also known as PLU-1 and JARID1B) is 2-oxoglutarate and Fe2+ dependent oxygenase that acts as a histone H3K4 demethylase, which is a key participant in inhibiting the expression of tumor suppressors as a drug target. Here, we present the discovery of pyrazole derivatives compound 5 by structure-based virtual screening and biochemical screening with IC50 of 9.320 µM against KDM5B, and its subsequent optimization to give 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methyl-2-morpholinopropyl)-3-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide (27 ab), a potent KDM5B inhibitor with IC50 of 0.0244 µM. In MKN45 cells, compound 27 ab can bind and stabilize KDM5B and induce the accumulation of H3K4me2/3, bona fide substrates of KDM5B, while keep the amount of H3K4me1, H3K9me2/3 and H3K27me2 without change. Further biological study also indicated that compound 27 ab is a potent cellular active KDM5B inhibitor that can inhibit MKN45 cell proliferation, wound healing and migration. In sum, our finding gives a novel structure for the discovery of KDM5B inhibitor and targeting KDM5B may be a new therapeutic strategy for gastric cancer treatment.

7.
Steroids ; 159: 108635, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169578

RESUMO

The steroid nucleus and ß-lactam are prevalent in natural products and drug molecules, the compounds containing such fragments always possess diverse and interesting biological profiles. Presented here is an unprecedented cascade 4-endo N-cyclization/aerobic oxidation sequence that enables the synthesis of biologically relevant steroidal spiro ß-lactams from dienamides. Of note, two continuous quaternary chiral centers were constructed simultaneously in this process, and the title compounds bearing the OH and CN groups are highly functionalized, allowing for late-stage transformations for construction of diverse compound library. The protocol has several advantages such as mild reaction conditions and short reaction time, therefore could serve as a new strategy for synthesizing ß-lactams.

8.
FEBS J ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196931

RESUMO

Meteorin-like (metrnl) is a recently identified adipomyokine that beneficially affects glucose metabolism; however, its underlying mechanism of action is not completely understood. We here show that the level of metrnl increases in vitro under electrical pulse stimulation and in vivo in exercised mice, suggesting that metrnl is secreted during muscle contractions. In addition, metrnl increases glucose uptake via the calcium-dependent AMPKα2 pathway in skeletal muscle cells and increases the phosphorylation of HDAC5, a transcriptional repressor of GLUT4, in an AMPKα2-dependent manner. Phosphorylated HDAC5 interacts with 14-3-3 proteins and sequesters them in the cytoplasm, resulting in the activation of GLUT4 transcription. An intraperitoneal injection of recombinant metrnl improved glucose tolerance in mice with high-fat-diet-induced obesity or type 2 diabetes, but not in AMPK ß1ß2 muscle-specific null mice. Metrnl improves glucose metabolism via AMPKα2 and is a promising therapeutic candidate for glucose-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes.

9.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(4): 498-509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174780

RESUMO

S100A8 and S100A9 are important proteins in the pathogenesis of allergy. Asthma is an allergic lung disease, characterized by bronchial inflammation due to leukocytes, bronchoconstriction, and allergen-specific IgE. In this study, we examined the role of S100A8 and S100A9 in the interaction of cytokine release from bronchial epithelial cells, with constitutive apoptosis of neutrophils. S100A8 and S100A9 induce increased secretion of neutrophil survival cytokines such as MCP-1, IL-6 and IL-8. This secretion is suppressed by TLR4 inhibitor), LY294002, AKT inhibitor, PD98059, SB202190, SP600125, and BAY-11-7085. S100A8 and S100A9 also induce the phosphorylation of AKT, ERK, p38 MAPK and JNK, and activation of NF-κB, which were blocked after exposure to TLR4i, LY294002, AKTi, PD98059, SB202190 or SP600125. Furthermore, supernatants collected from bronchial epithelial cells after S100A8 and S100A9 stimulation suppressed the apoptosis of normal and asthmatic neutrophils. These inhibitory mechanisms are involved in suppression of caspase 9 and caspase 3 activation, and BAX expression. The degradation of MCL-1 and BCL-2 was also blocked by S100A8 and S100A9 stimulation. Essentially, neutrophil apoptosis was blocked by co-culture of normal and asthmatic neutrophils with BEAS-2B cells in the presence of S100A8 and S100A9. These findings will enable elucidation of asthma pathogenesis.

10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 119, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Though accumulated evidence has demonstrated visceral organ involvement in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), how aGVHD influences the bone marrow (BM) niche and the reconstitution of hematopoiesis post-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains largely unknown. METHODS: In the current study, the cell morphology, immunophenotype, multi-differentiation capacity, self-renewal capacity, and hematopoiesis promotion of the MSCs from aGVHD and non-aGVHD patients were investigated. Additionally, the stemness and hematopoiesis-promoting property of healthy donor-derived MSCs were evaluated in the presence of BM supernatant from aGVHD patients. Mechanistically, antibodies targeting inflammatory cytokines involved in aGVHD were added into the MSC culture. Furthermore, a recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) receptor-Ig fusion protein (rhTNFR:Fc) was used to protect healthy donor-derived MSCs. Moreover, mRNA sequencing was performed to explore the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: The aGVHD MSCs exhibited morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics that were similar to those of the non-aGVHD MSCs. However, the osteogenic and adipogenic activities of the aGVHD MSCs significantly decreased. Additionally, the colony formation capacity and the expression of self-renewal-related genes remarkably decreased in aGVHD MSCs. Further, the hematopoiesis-supporting capacity of aGVHD MSCs significantly reduced. The antibody neutralization results showed that TNF-α contributed to the impairment of MSC properties. Moreover, rhTNFR:Fc exhibited notable protective effects on MSCs in the aGVHD BM supernatants. The mRNA sequencing results indicated that the TNF-α pathway and the Toll-like receptor pathway may be activated by TNF-α. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, our data demonstrate MSCs as cellular targets of aGVHD and suggest a potential role of TNF-α blockage in maintaining the BM niche of aGVHD patients.

11.
Infect Chemother ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are highly drug-resistant pathogens. Screening the contacts of newly-identified CPE patients is crucial for nosocomial transmission control. We evaluated the acquisition rate of CPE in close contacts as a function of CPE genotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in Asan Medical Center, a 2,700-bed, tertiary teaching hospital in Seoul, Korea, between November 2010 and October 2017. Index cases were defined as patients with positive tests for CPE from any infected or colonized site during hospitalization who had no direct epidemiologic linkage with existing CPE patients; close contact patients were defined as those whose hospital stay overlapped with the stay of an index case for at least one day and who occupied the same room or intensive care unit (ICU). Secondary patients were defined as those who produced positive CPE culture isolates from surveillance cultures that had the same CPE enzyme as that of the index case patients. RESULTS: A total of 211 index case patients and 2,689 corresponding contact patients were identified. Of the contact patients, 1,369 (50.9%) including 649 New-Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) and 448 Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing CPE exposures were screened, and 44 secondary patients (3.2%; 95% confidence interval 2.3 - 4.3%) were positive for NDM-1-producing CPE (16 patients) and KPC-producing (24 patients) CPE. The CPE acquisition rate (5.4%) for KPC-producing CPE exposures was significantly higher than that for NDM-1 exposures (2.7%) (P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The CPE acquisition rate was 3.2% among close contacts sharing a multi-patient room, with about a two-fold higher risk of KPC-producing CPE than NDM-1-producing CPE.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(19): 2901-2904, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037435

RESUMO

The enzymatic-assisted signal amplification of DNA sensors is rarely applied in living cells due to the difficulties in protein delivery. In this study, we have proposed a biomineralization-based DNA nanoprobe to transport nucleases and DNA sensors for enzyme-assisted imaging of microRNA in living cells.

13.
Biomed Mater ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053805

RESUMO

We developed polymeric scaffolds that can provide both topographical and electrical stimuli on mouse neural stem cells (mNSCs) for potential use in nerve tissue engineering. In contrast to conventional patterning techniques such as imprinting, soft/photolithography, and three-dimensional printing, microgroove patterns were generated by using aligned electrospun fibers as templates, via a process denoted as electrospun fiber-template lithography (EFTL). The preparation of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) fibers, followed by the deposition of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and the removal of the fiber template, produced freestanding PLGA scaffolds with microgrooves having widths of 1.72 ± 0.24 µm. The subsequent deposition of polypyrrole (PPy) via chemical oxidative polymerization added conductivity to the microgrooved PLGA scaffolds. The resultant scaffolds were cytocompatible with mNSCs. The microgroove patterns enhanced the alignment and elongation of mNSCs, and the PPy layer promoted the interaction of cells with the surface by forming more and longer filopodia compared with the nonconductive surface. Finally, the neuron differentiation of mNSCs was evaluated by monitoring the Tuj-1 neuronal gene expression. The presence of both microgrooves and the conductive PPy layer enhanced the neuronal differentiation of mNSCs even without electrical stimulation, and the neuronal differentiation was further enhanced by stimulation with a sufficient electrical pulse (1.0 V).

14.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 183: 113120, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Omalizumab is effectively used in asthma therapy, but ELISA methods used for omalizumab determination in blood from asthma patients may be interfered by the pre-existing IgE. OBJECTIVE: To reduce the effect of pre-existing IgE on the omalizumab determination, the authors proposed a novel ELISA that can eliminate pre-existing IgE with by acid dissociation. METHOD: The method was developed by dissociating the IgE-omalizumab complex with glacial acetic acid, and bio-IgE was added to bind the free omalizumab in serum, then bio-IgE-complex was captured by the immobilized streptavidin and detected by HRP-conjugated mouse anti-human IgG. Then a full validation of standard curve fitness, precision, accuracy, dilutional linearity, specificity, selectivity, stability, hook effect, and parallelism was performed. At last, the method was used in two studies in compliance with Good Laboratory Practice. RESULTS: Correlation coefficient R2 obtained from each calibration curve was 0.999 or 1.000 in the detection range of 0.1 µg/mL to 12.8 µg/mL. Results of precision, accuracy, dilutional linearity, specificity, selectivity, stability, hook effect, and parallelism were acceptable according to the ICH guideline M10. The method was successfully used in omalizumab determination in serum from 20 monkeys treated with 150 mg/kg omalizumab. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, by dissociating IgE-omalizumab complex, the authors proposed for the first time a new validated IgE-tolerant ELISA assay to determine omalizumab concentration in serum samples.

15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 191: 112107, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092586

RESUMO

Ubiquitin-specific-processing protease 7 (USP7) is one among the several deubiquitinating enzymes gaining central attention in the current cancer research. Most recent studies have focused on illustrating how USP7 is involved in the cancer process, while few articles reported the development of small molecule USP7 inhibitors. Although some review articles dealt with USP7, they mainly focused on its physiological role and not on the development of USP7 inhibitors. In this review, we systematically summarise the structures, activities and structure-activity relationship (SAR) of small molecule USP7 inhibitors, recently disclosed in scientific articles and patents from 2000 to 2019. The binding modes of typical compounds and their interactions with USP7 are also presented, while other deubiquitinase inhibitors are described in detail. Meanwhile, we briefly introduce the biochemical and physiological functions of USP7. Finally, challenges and potential strategies in developing small molecule USP7 inhibitors are also discussed.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(4)2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054042

RESUMO

Deep Learning (DL), a successful promising approach for discriminative and generative tasks, has recently proved its high potential in 2D medical imaging analysis; however, physiological data in the form of 1D signals have yet to be beneficially exploited from this novel approach to fulfil the desired medical tasks. Therefore, in this paper we survey the latest scientific research on deep learning in physiological signal data such as electromyogram (EMG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electroencephalogram (EEG), and electrooculogram (EOG). We found 147 papers published between January 2018 and October 2019 inclusive from various journals and publishers. The objective of this paper is to conduct a detailed study to comprehend, categorize, and compare the key parameters of the deep-learning approaches that have been used in physiological signal analysis for various medical applications. The key parameters of deep-learning approach that we review are the input data type, deep-learning task, deep-learning model, training architecture, and dataset sources. Those are the main key parameters that affect system performance. We taxonomize the research works using deep-learning method in physiological signal analysis based on: (1) physiological signal data perspective, such as data modality and medical application; and (2) deep-learning concept perspective such as training architecture and dataset sources.

17.
Fitoterapia ; 142: 104503, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061909

RESUMO

Two novel nortriterpenoids together with 7 known compounds were isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, X-ray, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is the first example of triterpenoid with a 27 (17 â†’ 12)-abeo-five-ring skeleton. In turn, compound 2 possesses a unique C/D/E linear fused ring system and a methyl on C-21. Plausible biogenetic pathway for the new compounds 1 and 2 are also proposed. Compound 1 exhibited significantly antitumor activity against A549 and LoVo cells with IC50 values of 2.0 µM and 1.9 µM, respectively. Colony formation inhibition, cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis of compound 1 were also evaluated. Compound 2, 6, 7 and 9 showed potent neuroprotective activities against serum-deprivation induced P12 cell damage.

18.
Bioorg Chem ; 97: 103648, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065882

RESUMO

Natural protoberberine alkaloids were first identified and characterized as potent, selective and cellular active lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) inhibitors. Due to our study, isoquinoline-based tetracyclic scaffold was identified as the key structural element for their anti-LSD1 activity, subtle changes of substituents attached to the core structure led to dramatic changes of the activity. Among these protoberberine alkaloids, epiberberine potently inhibited LSD1 (IC50 = 0.14 ± 0.01 µM) and was highly selective to LSD1 over MAO-A/B. Furthermore, epiberberine could induce the expression of CD86, CD11b and CD14 in THP-1 and HL-60 cells, confirming its cellular activity of inducing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells differentiation. Moreover, epiberberine prolonged the survival of THP-1 cells bearing mice and inhibited the growth of AML cells in vivo without obvious global toxicity. These findings give the potential application of epiberberine in AML treatment, and the isoquinoline-based tetracyclic scaffold could be used for further development of LSD1 inhibitors.

19.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 378(2): 21, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030541

RESUMO

DNA nanostructures hold great promise for various applications due to their remarkable properties, including programmable assembly, nanometric positional precision, and dynamic structural control. The past few decades have seen the development of various kinds of DNA nanostructures that can be employed as useful tools in fields such as chemistry, materials, biology, and medicine. Aptamers are short single-stranded nucleic acids that bind to specific targets with excellent selectivity and high affinity and play critical roles in molecular recognition. Recently, many attempts have been made to integrate aptamers with DNA nanostructures for a range of biological applications. This review starts with an introduction to the features of aptamer-functionalized DNA nanostructures. The discussion then focuses on recent progress (particularly during the last five years) in the applications of these nanostructures in areas such as biosensing, bioimaging, cancer therapy, and biophysics. Finally, challenges involved in the practical application of aptamer-functionalized DNA nanostructures are discussed, and perspectives on future directions for research into and applications of aptamer-functionalized DNA nanostructures are provided.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , DNA/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Terapia Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/terapia , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 303: 122944, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044645

RESUMO

This study aimed to improve valuable omega-3 fatty acids production in freshwater microalgae at normal temperature by inducing homeoviscous adaptation using CaCl2, which could have a role in decreasing the cellular membrane fluidity followed by increasing the rigidity of cell wall and membranes. At 10 mM CaCl2, simultaneous biomass and lipid production was obtained by Ca2+-based single strategy without considerable sacrifice of cellular logarithmic growth in Chlorella sorokiniana. The cells cultured at 10 mM CaCl2 (1-stage) showed relatively high levels of cellular membrane fluidity, caused by increased content in unsaturated fatty acids, compared to the conventional culture strategy (2-stage). Moreover, when this process was recycled by repeated-batch fermentation, the EPA productivity of 1-stage was 4.338 mg L-1 d-1, conspicuously increased by over 1300% compared to 2-stage. This strategy enhances the valuable omega-3 production, which can be commercially used for mass cultivation of omega-3-enriched biomass in the microalgae industry.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Microalgas , Biomassa , Cálcio
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