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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353390

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop robust normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated with radiation therapy (RT) using Child-Pugh (CP) score and Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) grade increase as endpoints for hepatic toxicity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 108 HCC patients treated with RT between 2008 and 2017 were evaluated, 47 (44%) of which were treated with proton RT. Of these patients, 29 received stereotactic body RT and 79 received moderately hypofractionated RT to median physical tumor doses of 43 Gy in 5 fractions and 59 Gy in 15 fractions, respectively. A generalized Lyman-Kutcher-Berman (LKB) model was used to model the NTCP using two clinical endpoints, both evaluated at 3 months post-RT: CP score increase of two or more and ALBI grade increase of one or more from pre-RT baseline. Confidence intervals on LKB fit parameters were determined using bootstrap resampling. RESULTS: Compared to previous NTCP models, this study found a stronger correlation between normal liver volume receiving low doses of radiation (5-10 Gy) and CP/ALBI increase. CP score increase exhibited a stronger correlation to normal liver volume irradiated than ALBI grade increase. LKB models for CP increase found values for the volume-effect parameter of a=0.06 for all patients and 0.02/0.09 when fit to photon/proton patients separately. Subset analyses for patients with superior initial liver function showed consistent dose-volume effects (a=0.1) and consistent dose-response relationships. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents an update of liver NTCP models in the era of modern RT techniques using relevant endpoints of hepatic toxicity, CP score and ALBI grade increase. Results show a stronger influence of low-dose bath on hepatic toxicity than those found in previous studies, indicating that RT techniques which minimize the low-dose bath may be beneficial for patients.

3.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(5): 311-318, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32235162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although current guidelines continue to recommend trimodality therapy for stage II to III rectal cancers, a lower incidence of local recurrence has been observed in patients with upper rectal tumors, including those in the rectosigmoid. In practice, patients with upper rectal tumors may not be receiving all 3 modalities of therapy. Patterns of care for patients with rectosigmoid cancers have not previously been described. METHODS: The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was used to identify patients diagnosed with stage II to III rectosigmoid cancer who underwent definitive surgery between 2004 and 2015. Multivariable logistic regression defined adjusted odds ratio and associated 95% confidence intervals of receipt of any pelvic radiotherapy and preoperative and postoperative pelvic radiotherapy. Multivariable logistic regression also assessed odds of treatment with any chemotherapy and multiagent chemotherapy. RESULTS: Among 8410 patients, 3566 (42.4%) received any pelvic radiotherapy, of which 2516 (70.6%) were treated with preoperative radiotherapy. Factors associated with receipt of radiotherapy included male sex, white race, younger age, positive clinical nodes and positive margins (P<0.001). Among patients with clinically positive nodes, 1980 (48.6%) received any radiotherapy and among those with pathologically positive nodes, 1532 (37.9%) received radiotherapy. A total of 5708 patients (67.9%) received any chemotherapy including 3020 (52.9%) with multiagent chemotherapy. A total of 2579 (30.7%) of the cohort was treated with surgery alone and among patients who were T3N0, this proportion rose to 42.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Less than half of patients with stage II to III rectosigmoid cancers are treated with radiation therapy and approximately one third do not receive chemotherapy. Ongoing and future studies may help to better tailor treatment for rectosigmoid tumors to optimize the therapeutic ratio. Our work may serve as a benchmark on which to compare future practice patterns.

4.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(14): 1569-1579, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160096

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Whether dosimetric advantages of proton beam therapy (PBT) translate to improved clinical outcomes compared with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) remains unclear. This randomized trial compared total toxicity burden (TTB) and progression-free survival (PFS) between these modalities for esophageal cancer. METHODS: This phase IIB trial randomly assigned patients to PBT or IMRT (50.4 Gy), stratified for histology, resectability, induction chemotherapy, and stage. The prespecified coprimary end points were TTB and PFS. TTB, a composite score of 11 distinct adverse events (AEs), including common toxicities as well as postoperative complications (POCs) in operated patients, quantified the extent of AE severity experienced over the duration of 1 year following treatment. The trial was conducted using Bayesian group sequential design with three planned interim analyses at 33%, 50%, and 67% of expected accrual (adjusted for follow-up). RESULTS: This trial (commenced April 2012) was approved for closure and analysis upon activation of NRG-GI006 in March 2019, which occurred immediately prior to the planned 67% interim analysis. Altogether, 145 patients were randomly assigned (72 IMRT, 73 PBT), and 107 patients (61 IMRT, 46 PBT) were evaluable. Median follow-up was 44.1 months. Fifty-one patients (30 IMRT, 21 PBT) underwent esophagectomy; 80% of PBT was passive scattering. The posterior mean TTB was 2.3 times higher for IMRT (39.9; 95% highest posterior density interval, 26.2-54.9) than PBT (17.4; 10.5-25.0). The mean POC score was 7.6 times higher for IMRT (19.1; 7.3-32.3) versus PBT (2.5; 0.3-5.2). The posterior probability that mean TTB was lower for PBT compared with IMRT was 0.9989, which exceeded the trial's stopping boundary of 0.9942 at the 67% interim analysis. The 3-year PFS rate (50.8% v 51.2%) and 3-year overall survival rates (44.5% v 44.5%) were similar. CONCLUSION: For locally advanced esophageal cancer, PBT reduced the risk and severity of AEs compared with IMRT while maintaining similar PFS.

5.
Pancreatology ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the efficacy of adjuvant therapy (AT) in patients with invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN). This single center retrospective cohort study aims to assess the impact of AT on survival in these patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for invasive IPMN between 1993 and 2018 were included in the study. We compared the clinicopathologic features and evaluated overall survival (OS) using multivariate Cox regression adjusting for adjuvant therapy, age, T and N stage, perineural and lymphovascular invasion. We also assessed survival differences between surgery alone and AT in node negative (N0) and node positive (N+) subgroups. RESULTS: 103 patients were included in the study; 69 underwent surgery alone while 34 also received AT. Patients in the AT group were significantly younger, presented at higher T and N stages and had more perineural and lymphovascular invasion. Median OS in the surgery alone group was 134 months and 65 months in the AT group, p = 0.052. On multivariate analysis, AT was not associated with improved OS; hazard ratio (HR) = 1.03 (0.52-2.05). In N0 patients, compared to surgery alone, AT was associated with a worse median OS (65 vs 167 months, p = 0.03), whereas in N+ patients there was a non-significant improvement (50.5 vs 20.4 months, p = 0.315). CONCLUSION: AT did not improve survival in the overall cohort even after multivariate analysis. N0 patients have excellent survival, and AT should probably be avoided in them, whereas it may be considered in patients with N+ disease.

6.
Pancreatology ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the reliability of AJCC clinical staging was in comparison to pathologic staging in surgically resected patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We used the National Cancer Database Pancreas from 2004 to 2016 and evaluated patients who underwent resection for PDAC with all documented components of clinical and pathologic stage. We first evaluated the distribution of overall clinical stage and pathologic stage and then evaluated for stage migration by assessing the number of patients who shifted from a clinical stage group to a respective pathologic stage group. To further characterize the migratory pattern, we assessed the distribution of clinical and pathologic T-stage and N-stage. RESULTS: In our cohort of 28,338 patients who underwent resection for PDAC, AJCC clinical staging did not reliably predict pathologic stage. Stage migration after resection was responsible for discrepancies between the distribution of overall clinical stage and pathologic stage. The predominant migration was from patients with clinical stage I disease to pathologic stage II disease. Most patients with clinical T1 and T2 disease were upstaged to pathologic T3 disease and over half of patients with clinical N0 disease were upstaged to pathologic N1 disease after resection. DISCUSSION: Clinical staging appears to overrepresent early T1, T2, and N0 disease, and underrepresent T3 and N1 disease.

7.
J Am Coll Surg ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative complication (POC) adversely impacts long-term survival in patients with gastric cancer, perhaps due in part to lower rates for receipt of multimodality therapy (MMT). We sought to determine the impact of POC on MMT completion rates and overall survival (OS) in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 206 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer undergoing curative-intent resection from 2001 to 2015. POCs were graded using Clavien-Dindo classification and survival outcomes were compared between groups. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty patients underwent operation followed by chemoradiation therapy, 58 received perioperative chemotherapy, and 28 received total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT). Minor (Clavien-Dindo grade I to II) and major (Clavien-Dindo grade III to IV) POC occurred in 72 (35.0%) and 39 (18.9%) patients, respectively. At median follow-up of 37 months, the 3-year OS of patients experiencing a major, minor, or no POC were 33.3%, 56.9%, and 62.1% (p = 0.023), respectively. In contrast, there was no difference in 3-year OS rates in patients experiencing POC if they completed all intended MMT. Non-TNT patients who experienced a major POC were less likely to complete MMT (hazard ratio 0.36, p = 0.017), and a major POC in these patients had a significant impact on OS (hazard ratio 2.76, p = 0.011), and it did not in patients who completed MMT (hazard ratio 1.58, p = 0.336). CONCLUSIONS: Major POC adversely affects long-term survival after gastrectomy for gastric cancer, at least in part via lower completion rates of MMT. Treatment strategy designed to ensure the completion of MMT, such as TNT, might be preferable, particularly for patients at high risk for POCs.

8.
Am J Surg ; 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that differences in resection rates of colorectal liver metastases exist based on socioeconomic status (SES) inequalities. METHODS: The NCDB was utilized to study patients of different median household income diagnosed with colon adenocarcinoma from 2010 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 21,258 patients met inclusion criteria, of whom 3,587 (16.9%) underwent metastasectomy. Patients of the highest income quartile were more likely to undergo metastasectomy compared to the lowest quartile (OR 1.20, CI 1.07-1.37, p = 0.003). Overall, patients in the highest income quartile had a median OS of 17.1 months compared with 13.0 months for the lowest quartile (HR 0.85, CI 0.81-0.90, p < 0.001). While metastasectomy was associated with improved OS across all groups, the disparity by income quartile widened (29.2 vs. 22.0 months, respectively; HR 0.51, CI 0.49-0.54, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Higher income patients were more likely to undergo metastasectomy compared with lower income patients and were associated with longer OS.

9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(8): 1877-1885, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941831

RESUMO

PURPOSE: ctDNA offers a promising, noninvasive approach to monitor therapeutic efficacy in real-time. We explored whether the quantitative percent change in ctDNA early after therapy initiation can predict treatment response and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 138 patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancers and tumor profiling by next-generation sequencing had serial blood draws pretreatment and at scheduled intervals during therapy. ctDNA was assessed using individualized droplet digital PCR measuring the mutant allele fraction in plasma of mutations identified in tumor biopsies. ctDNA changes were correlated with tumor markers and radiographic response. RESULTS: A total of 138 patients enrolled. A total of 101 patients were evaluable for ctDNA and 68 for tumor markers at 4 weeks. Percent change of ctDNA by 4 weeks predicted partial response (PR, P < 0.0001) and clinical benefit [CB: PR and stable disease (SD), P < 0.0001]. ctDNA decreased by 98% (median) and >30% for all PR patients. ctDNA change at 8 weeks, but not 2 weeks, also predicted CB (P < 0.0001). Four-week change in tumor markers also predicted response (P = 0.0026) and CB (P = 0.022). However, at a clinically relevant specificity threshold of 90%, 4-week ctDNA change more effectively predicted CB versus tumor markers, with a sensitivity of 60% versus 24%, respectively (P = 0.0109). Patients whose 4-week ctDNA decreased beyond this threshold (≥30% decrease) had a median PFS of 175 days versus 59.5 days (HR, 3.29; 95% CI, 1.55-7.00; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Serial ctDNA monitoring may provide early indication of response to systemic therapy in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal cancer prior to radiographic assessments and may outperform standard tumor markers, warranting further evaluation.

11.
J Gastrointest Cancer ; 51(1): 204-210, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980294

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Definitive chemoradiation (CRT) results in high cure rates of anal cancer, with advanced radiation (RT) techniques improving toxicity. However, there is limited data regarding these patients' sexual function (SF), quality of life (QOL), and mood. We hypothesized that anal cancer treatment would result in detrimental effects on SF, QOL, and mood. MATERIALS/METHODS: We prospectively surveyed patients with anal cancer treated with definitive CRT. We assessed SF for women with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and for men with the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). For all patients, we assessed QOL using EORTC QLQ-C30 and CR29 and mood using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). We reported descriptive statistics for SF, QOL, and mood and used univariate analysis to evaluate predictors of SF for women. RESULTS: Of 50 eligible patients, 84% completed the surveys. Median time from RT until survey was 36 months (1-97 months). Women (n = 34) reported poor SF overall (mean FSFI score = 15, scale 2-36, standard deviation (SD) 10.4). Most women reported poor SF related to satisfaction, desire, orgasm, arousal, pain, and lubrication. Men (n = 8) also had poor overall satisfaction (mean IIEF score = 6.1, scale 2-10, SD 3.6). Men reported poor erectile function and lower satisfaction with intercourse. Mean QLQ-C30 QOL score was 86.5 (SD 16.3). Results from EORTC QLQ-CR-20 demonstrated patients experienced poor sexual interest. Per HADS, 2.5% reported depression and 18% anxiety. CONCLUSION: Patients with anal cancer experience sexual dysfunction after RT, with QOL and mood symptoms similar to patients with other cancers. Our data support the need for ongoing efforts to understand and address issues with SF, QOL, and mood following RT for these patients.

12.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(4): 1122-1129, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873931

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes for patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) treated with hypofractionated proton or photon radiation therapy (HF-RT). METHODS: We retrospectively identified 66 patients with ICC who were treated with HF-RT from 2008 to 2018. Median age at RT was 76 years (range 30-92), including 27 patients (41%) aged ≥ 80 years. Median RT dose was 58.05 Gy (range 37.5-67.5), all delivered in 15 daily fractions. Thirty-two patients received proton RT and 34 patients received photon RT. RESULTS: Median follow-up times from diagnosis and RT start were 21 months and 14 months, respectively. In total, five patients (7.6%) developed local failure. The 2-year outcomes were 84% local control (LC) and 58% OS. Among the 51 patients treated with definitive intent, the 2-year LC rate was 93% and the OS rate was 62%. On multivariate analysis for LC, older age was associated with a lower risk of local failure [hazard ratio (HR) 0.91; p = 0.02], while prior surgery (HR 16.5; p = 0.04) and macrovascular invasion (HR 123.93; p = 0.02) were independently associated with an increased risk of local failure. On multivariate analysis for OS, female sex (HR 0.33; p = 0.001) and prior chemotherapy (HR 0.38; p = 0.003) remained significantly associated with OS. On multivariate analysis for OS, compared with photon RT, there was a trend towards improved survival with proton RT (HR 0.50; p = 0.05). The rate of overall grade 3 + toxicity was 11%. One patient developed radiation-induced liver disease and was treated with corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS: HF-RT yields high rates of local control and is an effective modality to optimize biliary control for unresectable/locally recurrent ICC.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843922

RESUMO

Transcriptional profiling has defined pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) into distinct subtypes with the majority being classical epithelial (E) or quasi-mesenchymal (QM). Despite clear differences in clinical behavior, growing evidence indicates these subtypes exist on a continuum with features of both subtypes present and suggestive of interconverting cell states. Here, we investigated the impact of different therapies being evaluated in PDAC on the phenotypic spectrum of the E/QM state. We demonstrate using RNA-sequencing and RNA-in situ hybridization (RNA-ISH) that FOLFIRINOX combination chemotherapy induces a common shift of both E and QM PDAC toward a more QM state in cell lines and patient tumors. In contrast, Vitamin D, another drug under clinical investigation in PDAC, induces distinct transcriptional responses in each PDAC subtype, with augmentation of the baseline E and QM state. Importantly, this translates to functional changes that increase metastatic propensity in QM PDAC, but decrease dissemination in E PDAC in vivo models. These data exemplify the importance of both the initial E/QM subtype and the plasticity of E/QM states in PDAC in influencing response to therapy, which highlights their relevance in guiding clinical trials.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define short-term and long-term outcomes of IORT for the management of BR/LA PDAC in the era of modern neoadjuvant therapy (NAT). BACKGROUND: In the era of neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX, many patients with borderline resectable/locally advanced (BR/LA) pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) become candidates for surgical exploration with curative intent. IORT may be used to consolidate treatment for successfully resected patients with close or positive margins or administered in unresectable patients without distant metastases. METHODS: A retrospective review of 158 patients who received IORT in the setting of biopsy-proven BR/LA PDAC following NAT between 2008 and 2017 was performed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of FOLFIRINOX treated patients. RESULTS: Most patients (83%) received FOLFIRINOX, and 95% underwent consolidative chemoradiation therapy (50.4-58.8 Gy). Among FOLFIRINOX-treated patients, 86 underwent combined surgical resection with IORT (10 Gy) while 46 received IORT alone (15-20 Gy). The median PFS and OS were 21.5 and 46.7 months for patients who underwent resection with IORT and 14.7 and 23 months in the IORT alone group. Local progression occurred in 12.7% of patients after resection with IORT, and in 15% of patients who received IORT alone. Major complications occurred in 13% of patients following resection, and 5% of patients after IORT alone, including one death. CONCLUSION: IORT combined with surgical resection appears to be associated with improved survival and minimal morbidity in patients with positive or close margins. IORT is also associated with improved survival in patients with unresectable, non-metastatic disease.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705172

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is associated with a poor prognosis with surgical resection offering the best chance for long-term survival and potential cure. However, in up to 36% of patients who undergo surgery, more extensive disease is found at time of operation requiring cancellation of surgery. PET/MR is a novel hybrid technology that might improve local and whole-body staging in ICC patients, potentially influencing clinical management. This study was aimed to investigate the possible management implications of PET/MR, relative to conventional imaging, in patients affected by untreated intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Retrospective review of the clinicopathologic features of 37 patients with iCCC, who underwent PET/MR between September 2015 and August 2018, was performed to investigate the management implications that PET/MR had exerted on the affected patients, relative to conventional imaging. RESULTS: Of the 37 patients enrolled, median age 63.5 years, 20 (54%) were female. The same day PET/CT was performed in 26 patients. All patients were iCCC-treatment-naïve. Conventional imaging obtained as part of routine clinical care demonstrated early-stage resectable disease for 15 patients and advanced stage disease beyond the scope of surgical resection for 22. PET/MR modified the clinical management of 11/37 (29.7%) patients: for 5 patients (13.5%), the operation was cancelled due to identification of additional disease, while 4 "inoperable" patients (10.8%) underwent an operation. An additional 2 patients (5.4%) had a significant change in their operative plan based on PET/MR. CONCLUSIONS: When compared with standard imaging, PET/MR significantly influenced the treatment plan in 29.7% of patients with iCCC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: 2018P001334.

17.
Nat Med ; 25(9): 1415-1421, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501609

RESUMO

During cancer therapy, tumor heterogeneity can drive the evolution of multiple tumor subclones harboring unique resistance mechanisms in an individual patient1-3. Previous case reports and small case series have suggested that liquid biopsy (specifically, cell-free DNA (cfDNA)) may better capture the heterogeneity of acquired resistance4-8. However, the effectiveness of cfDNA versus standard single-lesion tumor biopsies has not been directly compared in larger-scale prospective cohorts of patients following progression on targeted therapy. Here, in a prospective cohort of 42 patients with molecularly defined gastrointestinal cancers and acquired resistance to targeted therapy, direct comparison of postprogression cfDNA versus tumor biopsy revealed that cfDNA more frequently identified clinically relevant resistance alterations and multiple resistance mechanisms, detecting resistance alterations not found in the matched tumor biopsy in 78% of cases. Whole-exome sequencing of serial cfDNA, tumor biopsies and rapid autopsy specimens elucidated substantial geographic and evolutionary differences across lesions. Our data suggest that acquired resistance is frequently characterized by profound tumor heterogeneity, and that the emergence of multiple resistance alterations in an individual patient may represent the 'rule' rather than the 'exception'. These findings have profound therapeutic implications and highlight the potential advantages of cfDNA over tissue biopsy in the setting of acquired resistance.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , DNA de Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/sangue , Biópsia Líquida , Autopsia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Estudos de Coortes , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
18.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 226, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have demonstrated remarkable efficacy as cancer therapeutics, however, their use remains limited due to the development of immune related adverse events (irAEs). Immune related enterocolitis (irEC) is among the most common severe irAEs leading to the discontinuation of ICIs. Inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) have been used to treat irEC. Recent animal studies have shown that concurrent treatment with anti-TNFα and ICIs improves tumor responses and decreases colitis severity. This approach has not yet been studied in prospective trials in humans. Here we describe, for the first time, the outcomes of patients who were treated concurrently with anti-TNFα and one or two ICIs. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Five patients with different primary malignancies were treated with ipilimumab/nivolumab (2 patients), pembrolizumab (1 patient), ipilimumab (1 patient), or cemiplimab (1 patient). All patients developed irEC within 40 days of their first ICI dose. The patients presented with a combination of upper and lower gastrointestinal symptoms and subsequently underwent upper endoscopy and/or lower endoscopy. Endoscopy results demonstrated a spectrum of acute inflammatory changes across the gastrointestinal tract. Steroid therapy was used as first line treatment. To prevent prolonged steroid use and recurrence of gastrointestinal inflammation after resumption of cancer therapy, patients were treated concurrently with infliximab and ICI. Patients tolerated further ICI therapy with no recurrence of symptoms. Repeat endoscopies showed resolution of acute inflammation and restaging imaging showed no cancer progression. CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent treatment with anti-TNFα and ICI appears to be safe, facilitates steroid tapering, and prevents irEC. Prospective clinical trials are needed to assess the outcomes of this treatment modality.

19.
20.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 46(11): 2260-2269, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359108

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate if PET/MR induced management changes versus standard of care imaging (SCI) in treated colorectal cancer patients. The secondary aim was to assess the staging performance of PET/MR and of SCI versus the final oncologic stage. METHODS: Treated CRC patients who underwent PET/MR with 18F-FDG and SCI between January 2016 and October 2018 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Their medical records were evaluated to ascertain if PET/MR had impacted on their clinical management versus SCI. The final oncologic stage, as reported in the electronic medical record, was considered the true stage of disease. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients who underwent 42 PET/MR studies were included, mean age 56.7 years (range 39-75 years), 26 males, and 13 females. PET/MR changed clinical management 15/42 times (35.7%, standard error ± 7.4%); these 15 changes in management were due to upstaging in 9/42 (21.5%) and downstaging in 6/42 (14.2%). The differences in management prompted by SCI versus PET/MR were statistically significant, and PET/MR outperformed SCI (P value < 0.001; odds ratio = 2.8). In relation to the secondary outcome, PET/MR outperformed the SCI in accuracy of oncologic staging (P value = 0.016; odds ratio = 4.6). CONCLUSIONS: PET/MR is a promising imaging tool in the evaluation of treated CRC and might change the management in these patients. However, multicenter prospective studies with larger patient samples are required in order to confirm these preliminary results.

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