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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 275: 114175, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933571

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) play an important role in tumor metastasis and may be a target for metastasis prevention. The traditional Chinese medicine Jinfukang functions to improve immunity, prevent metastasis, and prolong lung cancer patient survival periods. Yet, whether Jinfukang prevents metastasis by regulating immune cells to clearance CTCs is still unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the anti-metastasis mechanism of Jinfukang from the perspective of regulating NK cells to clear CTCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CTC-TJH-01 cell was treated with Jinfukang. Cytokine chip was used to detect cytokines in cell culture supernatant. Lymphocyte recruitment assay was detected by Transwell and flow cytometry. Protein expression was analysis by Western blot. LDH kit was used to detect cytotoxicity. NOD-SCID mice used for tail vein injection to study lung metastasis. RESULTS: Jinfukang could promote the expression and secretion of the chemokine CX3CL1 by CTCs. In addition, Jinfukang could promote the recruitment of natural killer (NK) cells by CTCs and significantly increase the cytotoxic effect of NK cells on CTCs. Moreover, Jinfukang could upregulate the expression of FasL and promote the secretion of TNF-α by NK cells and that NK cells could induce the apoptosis of CTCs through the Fas/FasL signaling pathway. Finally, we confirmed that Jinfukang could promote NK cells to kill CTCs and then inhibit lung cancer metastasis in vivo. The above effects of Jinfukang could be partially reversed by an anti-CX3CL1 mAb. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Jinfukang may prevent lung cancer metastasis by enhancing the clearance of CTCs in the peripheral blood by NK cells, providing evidence for the anti-metastasis effect of Jinfukang.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960988

RESUMO

Trinuclear complex [Au2Ag(dppmaphen)2(CN)2]PF6 photoluminesces on exposure to low molecular weight alcohols. This emission is likely due to C-Hπ interactions between the analyte and -PPh2 group, that inhibits non-radiative relaxation of the photoexcited state. Photoluminescene was quenched by removing the analyte under a stream of N2 or replacing it with H2O. This on/off switching was clearly visible, relatively rapid and recyclable.

3.
J Nat Prod ; 84(4): 1397-1402, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683883

RESUMO

Guttiferone F, a natural polyprenylated polycyclic acylphloroglucinol, was originally assigned as the 30-epimer of garcinol by NMR data analyses. Conversion of guttiferone F in the presence of acid afforded its cyclized form (2a), which was previously assigned as 30-epi-cambogin. However, the absolute configurations of guttiferone F and 2a have not been determined. Reinvestigation of the structures of those two compounds, using X-ray and NMR data analyses and chemical transformation, revealed that the original assignment of the C-30 absolute configuration in guttiferone F and 2a should be inverted. Guttiferone F is indeed garcinol, and 2a, which was previously identified as 30-epi-cambogin, is cambogin.

4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 103, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 210,000 medical workers have fought against the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hubei in China since December 2019. However, the prevalence of mental health problems in frontline medical staff after fighting COVID-19 is still unknown. METHODS: Medical workers in Wuhan and other cities in Hubei Province were invited to participate a cross-sectional and convenience sampling online survey, which assessed the prevalence of anxiety, insomnia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). RESULTS: A total of 1,091 responses (33% male and 67% female) were valid for statistical analysis. The prevalence was anxiety 53%, insomnia 79%, depression 56%, and PTSD 11%. Healthcare workers in Wuhan were more likely to face risks of anxiety (56% vs. 52%, P = 0.03) and PTSD (15% vs. 9%, P = 0.03) than those in other cities of Hubei. In terms of educational attainment, those with doctoral and masters' (D/M) degrees may experience more anxiety (median of 7.0, [interquartile range (IQR) 2.0-8.5] vs. median 5.0 [IQR 5.0-8.0], P = 0.02) and PTSD (median 26.0 [IQR 19.5-33.0] vs. median 23.0 [IQR 19.0-31.0], P = 0.04) than those with lower educational degrees. CONCLUSIONS: The mental problems were an important issue for the healthcare workers after COVID-19. Thus, an early intervention on such mental problems is necessary for healthcare workers.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Prevalência , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Org Lett ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635082

RESUMO

A photocatalyst- and transition-metal-free visible-light-induced cyclization of ortho-halothiobenzanilides has been developed. Upon irradiation with visible light, substrates undergo dehalogenative cyclization to 2-aryl benzothiazoles with high efficiency and selectivity. This photocyclization exhibits a high tolerance to various functional groups, is applicable for the synthesis of 2-alkyl benzothiazoles, and is easy to set up for gram-scale reaction.

6.
J Nat Prod ; 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296199

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder, characterized by recurrent, spontaneous, and transient seizures, and affects more than 70 million people worldwide. Although two dozen antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are approved and available in the market, seizures remain poorly controlled in one-third of epileptic patients who are suffering from drug resistance or various adverse effects. Recently, the xanthone skeleton has been regarded as an attractive scaffold for the discovery and development of emerging anticonvulsants. We had isolated several dihydroxanthone derivatives previously, including oliganthin H, oliganthin I, and oliganthin N, whose structures were similar and delicately elucidated by spectrum analysis or X-ray crystallographic data, from extracts of leaves of Garcinia oligantha. These xanthone analogues were evaluated for anticonvulsant activity, and a novel xanthone, oliganthin H, has been identified as a sound and effective natural inhibitor of convulsions in zebrafish in vivo. A preliminary structure-activity relationship analysis on the relationship between structures of the xanthone analogues and their activities was also conducted. Oliganthin H significantly suppressed convulsant behavior and reduced to about 25% and 50% of PTZ-induced activity, in 12.5 and 25 µM treatment groups (P < 0.01 and 0.001), respectively. Meanwhile, it reduced seizure activity, velocity, seizure duration, and number of bursts in zebrafish larvae (P < 0.05). Pretreatment of oliganthin H significantly restored aberrant induction of gene expressions including npas4a, c-fos, pyya, and bdnf, as well as gabra1, gad1, glsa, and glula, upon PTZ treatment. In addition, in silico analysis revealed the stability of the oliganthin H-GABAA receptor complex and their detailed binding pattern. Therefore, direct interactions with the GABAA receptor and involvement of downstream GABA-glutamate pathways were possible mechanisms of the anticonvulsant action of oliganthin H. Our findings present the anticonvulsant activity of oliganthin H, provide a novel scaffold for further modifications, and highlight the xanthone skeleton as an attractive and reliable resource for the development of emerging AEDs.

7.
Org Lett ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320679

RESUMO

An efficient method has been developed for photocatalytic P(O)-C(sp2) coupling of (hetero)aryl halides with H-phosphine oxides or H-phosphites under the irradiation of visible light or sunlight. The thioxanthen-9-one/nickel dual catalysis mediates this phosphonylation to give arylphosphine oxides and arylphosphonates in moderate to excellent yields. This transformation is widely tolerant to a range of functional groups and proceeds efficiently on a gram scale.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 49(44): 15527-15547, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107541

RESUMO

Ru-Catalyzed acceptorless dehydrogenative coupling (ADC) and auto-transfer-hydrogenative (ATH) reactions are effective, versatile transformations for the constructions of N-heteroaromatic compounds from alcohols. Water and hydrogen are the by-products and the starting alcohols are less toxic, more readily available and more easily handled than their halogenated counterparts. A variety of homogeneous ruthenium catalysts, alcohols and partner-substrates such as amines, ammonia, amidines and nitriles, have been used to build N-heteroaromatic compounds in one-pot, multi-step syntheses. This review details recently reported Ru catalysts employed for these reactions, describing the scope of each methodology, proposed reaction mechanisms, regioselectivity of coupling and applications in synthesis.

9.
Org Lett ; 22(16): 6339-6343, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806193

RESUMO

Hypulatones A and B (1 and 2), two racemic meroterpenoids possessing an unprecedented spiro[benzofuran-2,1'-cycloundecan]-4'-ene-4,6(5H)-dione core, were characterized from Hypericum patulum. Compound 2 was found to significantly inhibit the late current of Nav1.5 (late INa, IC50 = 0.2 µM). Importantly, 2 exhibited remarkable separation (>100-fold) of late INa relative to peak INa and notable selectivity over Cav3.1, Kv1.5, and hERG. 1 showed comparable inhibition on late INa compared to that of 2 with poorer selectivity.

10.
Org Lett ; 22(17): 6832-6837, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808526

RESUMO

Acyl radicals have been generated from α-keto acids using inexpensive and commercially available 2-chloro-thioxanthen-9-one as the photoredox catalyst under visible light illumination. These reactive species added to olefins or coupled with aryl halides via a bipyridyl-stabilized Ni(II) catalyst, enabling easy access to a diverse range of ketones. This reliable, atom-economical, and eco-friendly protocol is compatible with a wide range of functional groups.

11.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759963

RESUMO

Mitophagy is a selective form of autophagy involving the removal of damaged mitochondria via the autophagy-lysosome pathway. PINK1-Parkin-mediated mitophagy is one of the most important mechanisms in cardiovascular disease, cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and neurodegenerative diseases. In this study we conducted an image-based screening in YFP-Parkin HeLa cells to discover new mitophagy regulators from natural xanthone compounds. We found that garciesculenxanthone B (GeB), a new xanthone compound from Garcinia esculenta, induced the formation of YFP-Parkin puncta, a well known mitophagy marker. Furthermore, treatment with GeB dose-dependently promoted the degradation of mitochondrial proteins Tom20, Tim23, and MFN1 in YFP-Parkin HeLa cells and SH-SY5Y cells. We revealed that GeB stabilized PINK1 and triggered Parkin translocation to the impaired mitochondria to induce mitophagy, and these effects were abolished by knockdown of PINK1. Finally, in vivo experiments demonstrated that GeB partially rescued ischemia-reperfusion-induced brain injury in mice. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the natural compound GeB can promote the PINK1-Parkin-mediated mitophagy pathway, which may be implicated in protection against I/R brain injury.

12.
BMC Biotechnol ; 20(1): 31, 2020 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunotoxin is a hybrid protein consisting of a toxin moiety that is linked to a targeting moiety for the purpose of specific elimination of target cells. Toxins used in traditional immunotoxins are practically difficult to be produced in large amount, have poor tissue penetration and a complex internalization process. We hypothesized that the smaller HALT-1, a cytolysin derived from Hydra magnipapillata, can be used as the toxin moiety in construction of a recombinant immunotoxin. RESULTS: In this study, pro-inflammatory macrophage was selected as the target cell due to its major roles in numerous inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. We aimed to construct macrophage-targeted recombinant immunotoxins by combining HALT-1 with anti-CD64-scFv in two orientations, and to assess whether their cytotoxic activity and binding capability could be preserved upon molecular fusion. The recombinant immunotoxins, HALT-1-scFv and scFv-HALT-1, were successfully constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli). Our data showed that HALT-1 still exhibited significant cytotoxicity against CD64+ and CD64- cell lines upon fusion with anti-CD64 scFv, although it had half cytotoxic activity as compared to HALT-1 alone. As positioning HALT-1 at N- or C-terminus did not affect its potency, the two constructs demonstrated comparable cytotoxic activities with IC50 lower in CD64+ cell line than in CD64- cell line. In contrast, the location of targeting moieties anti-CD64 scFv at C-terminal end was crucial in maintaining the scFv binding capability. CONCLUSIONS: HALT-1 could be fused with anti-CD64-scFv via a fsexible polypeptide linker. Upon the successful production of this recombinant HALT-1 scFv fusion protein, HALT-1 was proven effective for killing two human cell lines. Hence, this preliminary study strongly suggested that HALT-1 holds potential as the toxin moiety in therapeutic cell targeting.

13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(5): 1467-1475, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530223

RESUMO

To explore the effects of different coated slow-release calcium peroxide on soil microbial characteristics in gleyed paddy field, we set seven treatments by simulation test in a greenhouse, including CK (none calcium peroxide), calcium peroxide powder, calcium peroxide particle and other four coated slow-release calcium peroxide treatments. Samples were collected in same tillering stage of early season rice. The results showed that all the applications of calcium peroxide could improve the concentrations of active soil organic carbon, soil available nutrients, soil microbial biomass, culturable microorganism population, as well as soil enzyme activity. The coated slow-release calcium peroxide had stronger effects than calcium peroxide particles and calcium peroxide powder. The calcium peroxide coated by ethyl cellulose was the most effective, which enhanced soil active organic carbon, soil microbial biomass carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus by 19.4%, 11.4%, 121.5% and 127.2%, soil alkaline hydrolysis nitrogen and available phosphorus by 4.0% and 45.5%, soil culturable bacteria and culturable microorganism population by 137.3% and 113.7%, fungi and actinomyces number were increased by 33.6% and 44.7%. The enzyme activities of invertase, phosphatase, urease as well as catalase were increased by 92.4%, 91.8%, 112.5% and 17.1%, respectively. The results could provide reference for improving gleyed paddy field with coated calcium peroxide.


Assuntos
Oryza , Solo , Biomassa , Carbono , Nitrogênio , Peróxidos , Microbiologia do Solo
14.
J Org Chem ; 85(14): 9201-9212, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527086

RESUMO

An efficient method for visible-light-initiated, nickel-catalyzed Sonogashira C(sp)-C(sp2) coupling has been developed via an energy-transfer mode. Thioxanthen-9-one as a photosensitizer could significantly accelerate the arylation of alkynes with a wide range of (hetero)aryl halides in high yields. The cross-coupling reaction undergoes the stepwise oxidative addition of an arylhalide to nickel(0), transmetalation of the resulting aryl-Ni(II) halide species with Zn(II) acetylide into aryl-Ni(II) acetylide species, energy transfer from the excited state of thioxanthen-9-one to aryl-Ni(II) acetylide, and reductive elimination to the aryl alkyne.

15.
Int Orthop ; 44(9): 1719-1726, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of primary osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoarthritis of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). METHODS: This study enrolled 77 KBD patients (77 knees, KBD-TKA) and 75 OA patients (75 knees, OA-TKA) who underwent TKA from September 2008 to June 2018. Clinical assessments for each patient were performed pre-operatively and last follow-up. The efficacy measures included the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, range of motion (ROM), Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score, and short form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) as well as related influencing factors between the two groups. RESULTS: All patients were followed up; the follow-up time of KBD-TKA was 14-132 months, with an average of 72.68 ± 37.55 months; OA-TKA was 15-120 months, with an average of 49.2 ± 28.91 months. There was no difference in pre-operative VAS score (7.29 vs. 7.24) and SF-36 (PCS) score (4.87 vs. 5.49) between KBD-TKA and OA-TKA (P > 0.05), while compared with OA, KBD-TKA had significantly worse pre-operative ROM (75.48° vs. 82.87°), HSS score (36.40 vs. 41.84), and SF-36 (MCS) score (26.28 vs. 28.73) (P < 0.05). At the final follow-up, there was no significant difference in VAS score (1.13 vs. 1.16), ROM (105.79 vs. 105.79), and HSS score (92.06 vs. 92.25) between KBD-TKA and OA-TKA (P > 0.05), while compared with OA, KBD-TKA had significantly worse SF-36 (PCS) score (36.90 vs. 42.00) and SF-36 (MCS) score (55.16 vs. 59.70) (P < 0.05). In a multivariate regression, controlling for multiple potential confounders, diagnosis of KBD was associated with poor quality of life after surgery, whereas pre-operative pain was specifically associated with post-operative pain. However, preoperative gender, age, BMI, and the angles of knee prosthesis (before and after surgery) were not associated with post-operative outcome. CONCLUSION: Patients with KBD undergoing primary TKA have excellent outcomes, comparable with OA at the final follow-up, in spite of worse pre-operative ROM, HSS score, and SF-36(MCS) score. However, KBD patients are worse than OA in terms of general health. Pre-operative age, gender, BMI, and the angles of knee prosthesis were not the factors influencing the clinical efficacy of TKA. The diagnosis of KBD was an independent risk factor for poor quality of life after TKA. Pre-operative pain was a clinically important predictor of outcome.

16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(5): 583-589, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fever is the most common chief complaint of emergency patients. Early identification of patients at an increasing risk of death may avert adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to establish an early prediction model of fatal adverse prognosis of fever patients by extracting key indicators using big data technology. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients' data was conducted using the Emergency Rescue Database of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital. Patients were divided into the fatal adverse prognosis group and the good prognosis group. The commonly used clinical indicators were compared. Recursive feature elimination (RFE) method was used to determine the optimal number of the included variables. In the training model, logistic regression, random forest, adaboost and bagging were selected. We also collected the emergency room data from December 2018 to December 2019 with the same inclusion and exclusion criterion. The performance of the model was evaluated by accuracy, F1-score, precision, sensitivity and the areas under receiver operator characteristic curves (ROC-AUC). RESULTS: The accuracy of logistic regression, decision tree, adaboost and bagging was 0.951, 0.928, 0.924, and 0.924, F1-scores were 0.938, 0.933, 0.930, and 0.930, the precision was 0.943, 0.938, 0.937, and 0.937, ROC-AUC were 0.808, 0.738, 0.736, and 0.885, respectively. ROC-AUC of ten-fold cross-validation in logistic and bagging models were 0.80 and 0.87, respectively. The top six coefficients and odds ratio (OR) values of the variables in the Logistic regression were cardiac troponin T (CTnT) (coefficient=0.346, OR = 1.413), temperature (T) (coefficient=0.235, OR = 1.265), respiratory rate (RR) (coefficient= -0.206,OR = 0.814), serum kalium (K) (coefficient=0.137, OR = 1.146), pulse oxygen saturation (SPO2) (coefficient= -0.101, OR = 0.904), and albumin (ALB) (coefficient= -0.043, OR = 0.958). The weights of the top six variables in the bagging model were: CTnT, RR, lactate dehydrogenase, serum amylase, heartrate, and systolic blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: The main clinical indicators of concern included CTnT, RR, SPO2, T, ALB and K. The bagging model and logistic regression model had better diagnostic performance comprehesively. Those may be conducive to the early identification of critical patients with fever by physicians.

17.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 10(1): 1-11, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016770

RESUMO

A series of dearomatized isoprenylated acylphloroglucinols derivatives, hyperhenols A-E (1-5), as well as seven known analogues (6-12), were characterized from Hypericum henryi. Their structures were determined by combination of NMR, ECD spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Compounds 1 and 6-8 were tested to exhibit potential antitumor properties, of which 6 and 7 inhibited cell growth through inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In addition, these compounds could induce autophagy and PINK1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy in cancer cell lines, as well as suppress lung cancer A549 cells metastasis in vitro.

18.
Chemistry ; 26(16): 3484-3488, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957072

RESUMO

Diethyl 2,6-dimethyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate (HEH) has been utilized as a visible-light photoredox catalyst for the cross coupling of arylhalides and arylsulfinates without transition metal, sacrificial agent, and mediator. This method is compatible with various functional groups and provides diaryl sulfones in good to high yields. Mechanistic studies indicate that this reaction undergoes the stepwise light irradiation of HE- , single electron transfer (SET) in donor-acceptor complex (DAC) from *HE- to arylhalide, trapping of aryl radical with sulfinate, and SET oxidation of sulfone radical anion by HE. to sulfone by the DAC method.

19.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(1): 82-92, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371781

RESUMO

Metastasis causes the main lethality in esophageal cancer patient. Garcinol, a natural compound extracted from Gambogic genera, is a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitor that has shown anticancer activities such as cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction. In this study, we investigated the effects of garcinol on the metastasis of esophageal cancer in vitro and in vivo. We found that garcinol (5-15 µM) dose-dependently inhibited the migration and invasion of human esophageal cancer cell lines KYSE150 and KYSE450 in wound healing, transwell migration, and Matrigel invasion assays. Furthermore, garcinol treatment dose-dependently decreased the protein levels of p300/CBP (transcriptional cofactors and HATs) and p-Smad2/3 expression in the nucleus, thus impeding tumor cell proliferation and metastasis. Knockdown of p300 could inhibit cell metastasis, but CBP knockdown did not affect the cell mobility. It has been reported that TGF-ß1 stimulated the phosphorylation of Smad2/3, which directly interact with p300/CBP in the nucleus, and upregulating HAT activity of p300. We showed that garcinol treatment dose-dependently suppressed TGF-ß1-activated Smad and non-Smad pathway, inhibiting esophageal cancer cell metastasis. In a tail vein injection pulmonary metastasis mouse model, intraperitoneal administration of garcinol (20 mg/kg) or 5-FU (20 mg/kg) significantly decreased the number of lung tumor nodules and the expression levels of Ki-67, p300, and p-Smad2/3 in lung tissues. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that garcinol inhibits esophageal cancer metastasis in vitro and in vivo, which might be related to the suppression of p300 and TGF-ß1 signaling pathways, suggesting the therapeutic potential of Garcinol for metastatic tumors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Garcinia/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Terpenos/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/deficiência , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Restor Neurol Neurosci ; 37(6): 571-581, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796710

RESUMO

Many ocular diseases (such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and traumatic eye injuries) can result in the degeneration of retinal cells and the subsequent loss of vision. Some kinds of treatments, such as drugs, stem cell transplantation and surgery are reported to be effective in certain patients. However, no confirmatively effective, convenient and low-price intervention has been available so far. Physical exercise has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects on several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Studies investigating the potential impacts of exercise on retinal diseases are rapidly emerging. Here we review these up-to-date findings from both human and animal studies, and discuss the possible mechanisms underlying exercise-elicited protection on retina.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Neuroproteção/fisiologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Retina/fisiologia , Doenças Retinianas/prevenção & controle , Animais , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/fisiopatologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/tendências , Doenças Retinianas/fisiopatologia
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