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1.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 114542, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819469

RESUMO

Cisplatin (cis-dichloro-diammine platinum, CDDP) is a well-known chemotherapeutic drug against a broad spectrum of human malignancies. However, the clinical utility of this effective chemotherapy agent is dose limited by its toxic side effects such as nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. Necroptosis is a form of programmed necrotic cell death that is mediated by serine/threonine kinases, RIPK1 and RIPK3, together with MLKL. In this study, we identified that the multitargeted kinase inhibitor KW-2449 inhibited cisplatin-induced necroptosis, while potentiated cisplatin-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Mechanistic studies indicated that KW-2449 directly inhibited RIPK1 kinase activity to block necroptosis. Oral administration of KW-2449 attenuated renal cell necrosis and reduced pro-inflammatory responses in mouse models of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. Taken together, our study shows that KW-2449 is a novel necroptosis inhibitor by targeting RIPK1 kinase activity and has great clinic potential for the treatment of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 112: 104863, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823405

RESUMO

The chemoenzymatic remodeled monoclonal antidodies with well-defined glycan structure at the Fc domain display improved biological activities, such as ADCC and ADCP, and are more likely to yield a better safety profile by eliminating the non-human glycans derived from CHO cell culture. We covalently immobilize wild type endoglycosidase S (EndoS), fucosidase, and EndoS2 mutant on magnetic beads through a linker to efficiently generate homogeneous antibody glycoforms without additional purification step to remove endoglycosidase and fucosidase. We also used the biotinylated wild type EndoS2 and EndoS2 mutant in combination with covalently immobilized fucosidase on magnetic beads to allow the sequential removal of endoglycosidases and fucosidase for efficient glyco-engineering and isolation of antibodies without purifying deglycosylated antibody intermediate. Notably, the relatively expensive fucosidase can be recovered to reduce the cost, and the strong affinity of streptavidin to biotin would complete the isolation of biotinylated enzymes. We used Trastuzumab as a model to demonstrate both approaches were reliable for the large-scale production and isolation of antibodies without the residual contamination of endoglycosidase to avoid deglycosylation over storage time.

3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with the severe morbidity and mortality of some Gram-negative associated chronic diseases. We designed this retrospective study to identify whether RDW can be used as a factor to provide reference for the treatment of renal abscess. METHODS: All patients with renal abscess in our institution between April 2016 and November 2019 were collected, and 38 cases with the characteristic of initially diagnosis and no prior treatment were enrolled. Conservative treatment group and surgical intervention group were set based on the treatment of patients. Univariate analysis and the regression analysis were adopted to identify the difference between these two groups. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in Diabetes mellitus, RDW and size of renal abscess in both univariate and multifactor analysis. The median value of RDW in all patients was 13.62%, with 13.15% in conservative treatment group and 14.20% receiving surgical intervention (OR: 9.48, 95% CI: 1.15~78.02). Diabetes was present in 42.11% of patients, with the ratio of 20.0% in conservative treatment group and 66.67% in surgical intervention group (OR: 35.22, 95% CI: 1.55~799.05). The cut-off of RDW and size of renal abscess were 14.07% and 3.9 cm respectively. CONCLUSIONS: RDW as an independent predictor of mortality in patients with Gram-negative bacteremia showed differences among patients with renal abscess who received different treatments. Since the relationship between RDW and Gram-negative bacteremia related to mortality, higher initial RDW value may represent a higher severity of renal abscess and a greater likelihood of the need of surgical intervention.

4.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage remains an issue after esophagectomy for patients with esophageal or esophagogastric junction cancer. Previous studies have indicated that the intraoperative application of fibrin sealant may reduce the incidence of postoperative anastomotic leakage. This retrospective study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant in the prevention of anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy. METHODS: We designed a single-center, retrospective study. Between January 2018 and December 2019, 227 patients with esophageal or esophagogastric junction cancer undergoing McKeown esophagectomy performed by our team were retrospectively identified, of whom 86 patients were included in the FS group and 141 patients were included in the control group. Intraoperatively, 2.5 ml of porcine fibrin sealant was applied circumferentially to the cervical anastomosis after the anastomosis was created in the FS group. The primary outcome was the incidence of cervical anastomotic leakage within the first three months after surgery. RESULTS: The differences in baseline clinical characteristics between the two groups were not significant except for a history of drinking. In the FS group, the postoperative cervical anastomotic leakage rate was lower (FS group: 4.7% [4 of 82] vs. control group: 19.9% [28 of 141], p < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression showed that the intraoperative application of fibrin sealant was an independent protective factor for anastomotic leakage (OR 0.169, 95% CI 0.055-0.515, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The intraoperative application of fibrin sealant could possibly prevent cervical anastomotic leakage after McKeown esophagectomy with satisfactory safety. Further prospective clinical trials are warranted.

5.
Development ; 148(7)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688074

RESUMO

Discs large (Dlg) is an essential polarity protein and a tumor suppressor originally characterized in Drosophila but also well conserved in vertebrates. Like the majority of polarity proteins, plasma membrane (PM)/cortical localization of Dlg is required for its function in polarity and tumorigenesis, but the exact mechanisms targeting Dlg to the PM remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we show that, similar to recently discovered polybasic polarity proteins such as Lgl and aPKC, Dlg also contains a positively charged polybasic domain that electrostatically binds the PM phosphoinositides PI4P and PI(4,5)P2 Electrostatic targeting by the polybasic domain contributes significantly to the PM localization of Dlg in follicular and early embryonic epithelial cells, and is crucial for Dlg to regulate both polarity and tumorigenesis. The electrostatic PM targeting of Dlg is controlled by a potential phosphorylation-dependent allosteric regulation of its polybasic domain, and is specifically enhanced by the interactions between Dlg and another basolateral polarity protein and tumor suppressor, Scrib. Our studies highlight an increasingly significant role of electrostatic PM targeting of polarity proteins in regulating cell polarity.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1276-1283, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787123

RESUMO

In order to systematically evaluate the safety of Sanfu acupoint herbal patching, CNKI, SinoMed, VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Medline, EMbase, and Cochrane Library were searched in accordance with PICOS principles, with a time limit from database establishment to December 2019. Meta-analysis was used for a single-group rate analysis and a weighted combination of these two groups on rates of adverse reactions. A total of 9 articles meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the analysis, involving 2 119 patients. The single-group rate Meta-analysis showed that the adverse reactions incidence was 9% in the treatment group(OR=0.10,95%CI[0.06, 0.19], P<0.000 01), and 9% in the control group(OR=0.10, 95%CI[0.07, 0.13], P<0.000 01). In combined statistics of all samples OR=1.81, 95%CI[1.04, 3.15], P=0.04, the incidence of adverse reactions in the treatment group was slightly higher than that of the control group. In the subgroup analysis, the incidence of adverse reactions in terms of both single-group rate and weighed rate in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group in the asthma subgroup, rhinitis subgroup, ≥18 years old subgroup, and application time 2 h subgroup, with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). The results of the Meta-analysis and systematic review suggested that the incidence of adverse reactions in clinical use of the Sanfu acupoints herbal patching was relatively low. The main types of adverse reactions were skin ulcers, blisters and other skin symptoms. The symptoms were relatively mild, which could be relieved by drug withdrawal or symptomatic treatment. It shows that the safety of the Sanfu acupoint herbal patching was relatively high, and the occurrence of adverse reactions was related to the original disease and age, mainly in asthma and rhinitis or patients over 40 years old. Affected by clinical heterogeneity, the conclusions of the application time subgroup need to be further improved.


Assuntos
Asma , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adolescente , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the impact of metabolic syndrome on the safety and efficacy of flexible ureterorenoscopy (fURS) in managing kidney calculi. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 151 patients who received fURS for the renal stones in our center between January 2014 and December 2016. The patients were divided into two groups based on whether they were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Information related to the patients, stones and surgeries were analyzed, and the stone-free rates (SFRs) and complications after fURS were reviewed. RESULTS: Group 1 consisted of patients with metabolic syndrome, and group 2 contained patients without metabolic syndrome. The mean stone size was 71.9±58.3 mm2 in group 1 and 64.9±43.7 mm2 in group 2 (P=0.399). The mean hospitalization and surgical durations were similar between both groups (P>0.05). The overall complication rates were 8.3% vs. 12.1% (P=0.514). The SFR at 3 months postoperative in group 1 was significantly lower than that in group 2 (80% vs. 92.3%, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study results revealed that patients with metabolic syndrome can be treated safely with fURS. however, metabolic syndrome has a negative impact on the efficacy of fURS in the treatment of patients with kidney stone.

8.
J Infect Dis ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606021

RESUMO

Schistosomiasis remains a leading cause of chronic morbidity in endemic regions despite decades of widespread mass chemotherapy with praziquantel. Using our whole proteome differential screening approach, and plasma and epidemiologic data from a longitudinal cohort of individuals living in a Schistosoma japonicum endemic region of the Philippines, we interrogated the parasite proteome to identify novel vaccine candidates for Schistosoma japonicum. We identified sixteen parasite genes which encoded proteins that were recognized by IgG or IgE antibodies in the plasma of individuals who had developed resistance to reinfection, but were not recognized by antibodies in the plasma of individuals who remained susceptible to reinfection. Antibody levels to Sj6-8 and Sj4-1 measured in the entire cohort (n=505) one month after praziquantel treatment were associated with significantly decreased risk of reinfection and lower intensity of reinfection over 18 months of follow-up.

10.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596554

RESUMO

As the machinery of artificial intelligence matures in recent years, there has been a surge in applying machine learning techniques for material property predictions. Artificial neural network (ANN) is a branch of machine learning and has gained increasing popularity due to its capabilities of modeling complex correlations among large datasets. The interfacial thermal transport plays a significant role in the thermal management of graphene-pentacene based organic electronics. In this work, the thermal boundary resistance (TBR) between graphene and pentacene is comprehensively investigated by classical molecular dynamics simulations combined with the machine learning technique. The TBR values along the a, b and c directions of pentacene at 300 K are 5.19±0.18×108 m2 K W1, 3.66±0.36×108 m2 K W1 and 5.03±0.14×108 m2 K W1, respectively. Different architectures of ANN models are trained to predict the TBR between graphene and pentacene. Two important hyperparameters, i.e. network layer and the number of neurons are explored to achieve the best prediction results. It is reported that the 2-layer ANN with 40 neurons each layer provides the optimal model performance with a normalized mean square error loss of 7.04  104. Our results provide reasonable guidelines for the thermal design and development of graphene-pentacene electronic devices.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608765

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Total resection of meningiomas involving the major dural sinuses (MIMDS) is still challenging for neurosurgeons. Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) was shown to have a high probability of tumor control. The current study evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent subtotal resection alone or in combination with postoperative GKRS for the treatment of WHO grade I MIMDS. METHODS: From January 2006 to December 2016, 204 patients with MIMDS underwent Simpson IV subtotal resection in Wuhan Union Hospital. In 151 patients, no additional treatment was performed, while the tumor remnant was treated with GKRS in 53 patients. All patients were monitored with regular MR follow-ups. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data, radiological characteristics, and outcomes of these 204 patients. Progression-free survival (PFS) was determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Related factors were determined by univariate Cox regression analyses. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 75.5 months. The tumor recurrence/progression rates were 13.9% in the microsurgery group and 3.8% in the combined therapy group (p = 0.045). The 5- and 10- year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 92.3 and 80.7%, respectively, in the microsurgery group and 100.0 and 88.5% in the combined therapy group. Treatment approach was found to be an independent prognostic factor for tumor recurrence/progression in the univariable analyses (p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with microsurgery alone, targeted Simpson grade IV resection combined with early gamma knife treatment resulted in longer progression-free survival without increased complications for WHO grade I MIMDS.

13.
Preprint | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21251276

RESUMO

Quantifying how accurate epidemiological models of COVID-19 forecast the number of future cases and deaths can help frame how to incorporate mathematical models to inform public health decisions. Here we analyze and score the predictive ability of publicly available COVID-19 epidemiological models on the COVID-19 Forecast Hub. Our score uses the posted forecast cumulative distributions to compute the log-likelihood for held-out COVID-19 positive cases and deaths. Scores are updated continuously as new data become available, and model performance is tracked over time. We use model scores to construct ensemble models based on past performance. Our publicly available quantitative framework may aid in improving modeling frameworks, and assist policy makers in selecting modeling paradigms to balance the delicate trade-offs between the economy and public health.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; 768: 144724, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434807

RESUMO

Accurate estimation of daily spatially-continuous PM2.5 (fine particulate matter) concentration is a prerequisite to address environmental public health issues, and satellite-based aerosol optical depth (AOD) products have been widely used to estimate PM2.5 concentrations using statistical-based or machine learning-based models. However, statistical-based models oversimplify the AOD-PM2.5 relationships, whereas complex machine learning technologies ignore the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of the predictors and demonstrate shortage in interpretation. Besides, large AOD data gaps resulting in PM2.5 estimation biases have been seldom imputed in previous studies, especially at national scales. To fill the above research gaps, this study attempts to present a feasible methodology to estimate daily spatially-continuous PM2.5 concentrations in China. The AOD data gaps across China were first imputed via a random forest (RF) model. Then, an interpretable self-adaptive deep neural network (SADNN) model, incorporating AOD, meteorological and other auxiliary predictors, was developed to estimate daily spatially-continuous PM2.5 concentrations from 2017 to 2018. Five-fold sample (site)-based cross-validation results showed a high accuracy of the SADNN model, with coefficient of determination and root mean square error values equal to 0.86 (0.84) and 13.07 (14.30) µg/m3, respectively, outperforming the standard DNN and the RF model. Furthermore, the SADNN model identified the spatiotemporal patterns of predictor importance, and demonstrated that the boundary layer height, elevation and AOD were the most important predictors both spatially and temporally. And the predictor importance in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was different from that in the rest of China. These results enhance our understanding of AOD-PM2.5 relationships and elucidate the estimated PM2.5 datasets with complete coverage are applicable for related air pollution studies and epidemiological cohort studies. Moreover, considering the effective nonlinear model capability and interpretability, the SADNN model is beneficial for not only PM2.5 estimation but also other earth data and scenarios.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 25, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Mainland China, advance directives (ADs) and end-of-life care for patients with tumours, especially patients with brain tumours who may have lost consciousness or the ability to speak at the early stage of their illness, have been poorly acknowledged. Thus, this study aimed to clarify the knowledge and preferences of ADs and end-of-life care in patients with brain tumours and to investigate predictors of patient preferences. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey that was conducted via face-to-face interviews. Information on sociodemographic factors, brain tumour illness, knowledge and preferences of the advanced decisions and end-of-life care of the patients was collected. RESULTS: A total of 88.61% of participants had never heard of ADs, but 65.18% reported that they would like to make ADs. Knowledge of ADs, receiving surgical treatment or radiotherapy, being younger than 70 years old, being male, having educational qualifications of college or beyond, being childless, having medical insurance for nonworking or working urban residents and self-paying medical expenses were predictors of preference for making ADs. A total of 79.43% of participants wanted to discuss end-of-life arrangements with medical staff, and 63.29% of participants were willing to receive end-of-life care, even though it would not delay death. A total of 65.82% of patients with brain tumours wanted resuscitation, and as many as 45.45% of the patients thought that they did not need life support if they were in a persistent vegetative state. Brain primary tumours, being younger than 70 years old, male sex, educational qualification of junior middle school or below, having children, having new rural cooperative medical insurance and having medical expenses paid by children or spouses were predictors of choosing appropriate palliative care. CONCLUSIONS: ADs and end-of-life care have been poorly acknowledged among patients with brain tumours in mainland China. Additional efforts should be encouraged amongst patients with primary brain tumours, those who are undergoing surgery and radiotherapy and those who have low socioeconomic status. A longitudinal and comprehensive study is encouraged to promote disease-specific ADs among Chinese patients with brain tumours.

16.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 8, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis japonica is a severe zoonosis. Domestic animals are the primary source of infection and play an important role in disease transmission. Surveillance and diagnosis play key roles in schistosomiasis control; however, current techniques for the surveillance and diagnosis of the disease have limitations. In this study, we developed a novel fluorescence immunochromatographic assay (FICA) strip to detect anti-Schistosoma japonicum antibodies in host serum. METHODS: A FICA strip was developed for the diagnosis of Schistosoma japonicum in domestic animals. Streptococcus protein G (SPG) and soluble egg antigen (SEA) were transferred onto a nitrocellulose (NC) membrane to form the control line (C) and the test line (T), respectively. With fluorescence activity as well as binding activity to multispecies IgG, the recombinant protein rSPG-RFP was expressed and employed as an antibody indicator in the FICA strips. RESULTS: The dual gene fusion plasmid was verified by PCR and restriction enzyme digestion. The expressed recombinant protein was 39.72 kDa in size, which was consistent with the predicted molecular weight. The western blot results showed binding activity between rSPG-RFP and IgGs from different hosts. Fluorescence microscopy also showed the fluorescence activity of the protein present. The affinity constant (Ka) values of rSPG-RFP with rabbit, donkey, mouse and goat IgG were 1.9 × 105, 4.1 × 105, 1.7 × 105 and 5.4 × 105, respectively. Moreover, based on the recombinant protein, the test strip for detecting S. japonicum in buffaloes could distinguish positive from negative serum. The lower limit of detection of the FICA strip was 1:10,000. Compared with ELISA, the FICA strips exhibited similar results in the diagnosis of infection in clinical bovine serum samples, with a kappa value of 0.9660 and P < 0.01. The cross-reactivities of the FICA strips with Haemonchus contortus and Schistosoma turkestanicum (30.15% and 91.66%, respectively) were higher than those of ELISA (26.98% and 87.5%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the rSPG-RFP protein that we developed, strip detection can be completed within 15 min. Heightened sensitivity allows the strip to accurately identify schistosome antibodies in serum. In conclusion, this method is convenient, feasible, rapid and effective for detecting S. japonicum.

17.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 58, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanism of body growth in mammals is poorly understood. Here, we investigated the regulatory networks involved in body growth through transcriptomic analysis of pituitary and epiphyseal tissues of smaller sized Debao ponies and Mongolian horses at the juvenile and adult stages. RESULTS: We found that growth hormone receptor (GHR) was expressed at low levels in long bones, although growth hormone (GH) was highly expressed in Debao ponies compared with Mongolian horses. Moreover, significant downregulated of the GHR pathway components m-RAS and ATF3 was found in juvenile ponies, which slowed the proliferation of bone osteocytes. However, WNT2 and PLCß2 were obviously upregulated in juvenile Debao ponies, which led to premature mineralization of the bone extracellular matrix. Furthermore, we found that the WNT/Ca2+ pathway may be responsible for regulating body growth. GHR was demonstrated by q-PCR and Western blot analyses to be expressed at low levels in long bones of Debao ponies. Treatment with WNT antagonistI decreased the expression of WNT pathway components (P < 0.05) in vitro. Transduction of ATDC5 cells with a GHR-RNAi lentiviral vector decreased the expression of the GHR pathway components (P < 0.05). Additionally, the expression of the IGF-1 gene in the liver was lower in Debao ponies than in Mongolian horses at the juvenile and adult stages. Detection of plasma hormone concentrations showed that Debao ponies expressed higher levels of IGF-1 as juveniles and higher levels of GH as adults than Mongolian horses, indicating that the hormone regulation in Debao ponies differs from that in Mongolian horses. CONCLUSION: Our work provides insights into the genetic regulation of short stature growth in mammals and can provide useful information for the development of therapeutic strategies for small size.

18.
Exp Eye Res ; 204: 108447, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465394

RESUMO

We previously found that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) could inhibit the myofibroblast transformation of human Tenon's fibroblasts, however, the underlying mechanism remained unclear. We therefore investigated whether the autophagic regulation involved in the anti-fibrotic function of EGCG. The fibroblasts were subjected to transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1) induction followed by EGCG treatments. The autophagic flux was examined by transmission electron microscopy and autophagic flux analysis. The levels of autophagy-related proteins (LC3ß and p62) and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Results showed that TGF-ß1 partially inhibited the autophagic function of Tenon's fibroblasts. But this inhibition effect was rescued by LY2157299, a TGF-ßR1 selective inhibitor. Compared with the cells treated with TGF-ß1 alone, EGCG treatments increased the amount of autophagosomes and autolysosomes, evaluated the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I and decreased p62 level. Our results indicated that EGCG could recover the activity of autophagy in the TGF-ß1-treated cells. Moreover, treatments with EGCG significantly decreased the α-SMA expression. Taken together, these findings revealed that autophagic regulation involved in the action of EGCG against TGF-ß1-induced transformation of Tenon's fibroblasts. Through increasing intracellular autophagy, EGCG could be a potential anti-fibrotic reagent for preventing subconjunctival fibrosis after glaucoma filtration surgery.

19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113415, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987126

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Atractylodis Rhizoma (AR), mainly includes Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. (A. lancea) and Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz. (A. chinensis) is widely used in East Asia as a diuretic and stomachic drug, for the treatment of rheumatic diseases, digestive disorders, night blindness, and influenza as it contains a variety of sesquiterpenoids and other components of medicinal importance. AIM OF THE REVIEW: A systematic summary on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, and quality control of AR was presented to explore the future therapeutic potential and scientific potential of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the literature was performed by consulting scientific databases including Google Scholar, Web of Science, Baidu Scholar, Springer, PubMed, ScienceDirect, CNKI, etc. Plant taxonomy was confirmed to the database "The Plant List". RESULTS: Over 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from AR, notably sesquiterpenoids and alkynes. Various pharmacological activities have been demonstrated, especially improving gastrointestinal function and thus allowed to assert most of the traditional uses of AR. CONCLUSIONS: The researches on AR are extensive, but gaps still remain. The molecular mechanism, structure-activity relationship, potential synergistic and antagonistic effects of these components need to be further elucidated. It is suggested that further studies should be carried out in the aspects of comprehensive evaluation of the quality of medicinal materials, understanding of the "effective forms" and "additive effects" of the pharmacodynamic substances based on the same pharmacophore of TCM, and its long-term toxicity in vivo and clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Atractylodes/química , Medicina Tradicional , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Etnofarmacologia , Humanos , Fitoterapia , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma
20.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(2): 1, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355379

RESUMO

Renal damage is a common and severe condition encountered in the clinic. Luteolin (Lut) exhibits anti­inflammatory, anti­fibrotic and anti­apoptotic effects. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the pharmacological effects of Lut on angiotensin II (AngII)­induced renal damage in apolipoprotein E­deficient (ApoE­/­) mice. Male ApoE­/­ mice (age, 8 weeks) were randomly divided into the following three groups: i) Control group (n=6); ii) AngII group (n=6); and iii) AngII + Lut group (n=6). Lut was administered by gavage (100 mg/kg/d). ApoE­/­ mice were implanted with Alzet osmotic minipumps, filled with either saline vehicle or AngII solution for a maximum period of 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, metabolic characteristics were measured and the histopathological alterations in the kidney tissue were observed. The metabolic characteristics of blood creatinine (CRE) levels were lower in the AngII + Lut group compared with in the AngII group. The expression levels of collagen I and III were lower in the kidney tissues of the AngII + Lut group compared with the corresponding tissues of the AngII group. The gene expression levels of IL­1ß, IL­6, TNF­α and IL­10 were also suppressed in the kidney tissues of the AngII + Lut group compared with those in the corresponding tissues of the AngII group. Furthermore, the AngII + Lut group exhibited markedly increased LC3 protein expression and notably decreased p62 protein expression in the kidney tissues compared with the expression levels in the AngII group. The data demonstrated that Lut attenuated AngII­induced collagen deposition and inflammation, while inducing autophagy. Collectively, the results suggested that Lut treatment exhibited a exerted effect on AngII­induced renal injury in ApoE­/­ mice.

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