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1.
Biomed J ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important regulatory role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. MiR-95-3p has been reported to be an oncogene in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the role of miR-95-3p in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) remains unclear. METHODS: miR-95-3p was validated in an independent validation sample cohort of 215 CRC tissues. Functional assays, Cell proliferation (MTT) assay colony formation, wound healing, transwell and animal xenograft assays were used to determine the oppressor role of miR-95-3p in human CRC progression. Furthermore, Bioinformatics analysis, western blotting and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to determine the mechanism by which miR-95-3p suppresses progression of CRC cells. RESULTS: In this study, we found that miR-95-3p was downregulated in CRC tissues. The low level of miR-95-3p in CRC tumors was correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics, and it predicted poor prognosis in CRC patients. The overexpression of miR-95-3p significantly inhibited CRC cell proliferation, colony formation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatic analysis further identified hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) as a novel target of miR-95-3p in CRC cells. These findings suggest that miR-95-3p regulates CRC cell survival, partially through the downregulation of HDGF. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the miR-95-3p/HDGF axis might serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with CRC.

2.
Hum Cell ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146708

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00520 is an important modulator of the oncogenicity of multiple human cancers. However, whether LINC00520 is involved in the malignant characteristics of colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been extensively studied until recently. Therefore, the present study aimed to detect LINC00520 expression in CRC and evaluate its clinical significance in patients with CRC. Functional experiments were conducted to test the biological roles and underlying mechanisms of LINC00520 in CRC progression. In this study, high-LINC00520 expression was verified in CRC tissues and cell lines, and this high expression was associated with patients' unfavorable clinicopathological parameters and shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. Functionally, interference of LINC00520 resulted in a significant decrease of CRC cell proliferation, migration, colony forming ability, and invasion. Mechanistically, LINC00520 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA by sponging microRNA-577 (miR-577) and thereby increasing heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) expression. Rescue experiments revealed that inhibiting miR-577 or restoring HSP27 could abrogate the effects of LINC00520 silencing on malignant phenotypes of CRC. LINC00520 functioned as an oncogenic lncRNA in CRC, and it facilitated CRC progression by regulating the miR-577/HSP27 axis, suggesting that the LINC00520/miR-577/HSP27 axis is an effective target in anticancer management.

3.
Horm Cancer ; 10(4-6): 177-189, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713780

RESUMO

In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the hypoxic tumor microenvironment can drive enhance tumor malignancy and recurrence. The microRNA (miRNA) miR-196-5p has been shown to modulate the progression of several cancer types, but its roles in HCC remain uncertain. In the present report we observed significant miR-196-5p downregulation in HCC tissues and cells, and we found that the expression of this miRNA significantly impaired the proliferation and metastatic potential of HCC in vitro and in vivo. We identified high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) as a miR-196-5p target gene that was associated with the ability of miR-196-5p to modulate the progression of HCC. Expression of miR-196-5p and HMGA2 were correlated with the clinical characteristics and poor outcomes in patients with HCC. Finally, we found that hypoxic conditions were linked with reduced miR-196-5p expression in the context of HCC. Together these results highlight the role for miR-196-5p as an inhibitor of the proliferation and metastasis of HCC via the targeting of HMGA2, with this novel hypoxia/miR-196-5p/HMGA2 pathway serving as a potential target for future therapeutic intervention.

4.
Surg Oncol ; 31: 67-74, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541909

RESUMO

The molecular mechanisms governing the metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) are incompletely understood. In the present study, we found NOVA1 to be expressed at higher levels in CRC cell lines and tissue samples, and this upregulation was positively correlated with TNM stage (p = 0.034), poor differentiation (p = 0.001), and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.008). Both overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were both significantly decreased in patients with high NOVA1 expression relative to those with low expression. Through a multivariate analysis, we determined that NOVA1 independently predicted poor outcomes in those with CRC. In further functional studies, we found that NOVA1 expression controlled the proliferation and invasive characteristics of CRC cells via a mechanism wherein NOVA1 bound and stabilized the IL6 mRNA, enhancing IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 signaling to in turn upregulate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2, 7, and 9. NOVA1 therefore plays key functional roles in regulating CRC progression, and our results further indicate that it serve as a valuable prognostic biomarker and potentially a target for therapeutic treatment in individuals with CRC.

5.
Mol Carcinog ; 58(10): 1897-1907, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313392

RESUMO

The mechanism of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis remains poorly understood. Tropomodulin 3 (TMOD3) is a member of the pointed end capping protein family that contributes to invasion and metastasis in several types of malignancies. It has been found to be crucial for the membranous skeleton and embryonic development, although, its role in HCC progression remains largely unclear. We observed increased levels of Tmod3 in HCCs, especially in extrahepatic metastasis. High Tmod3 expression correlated with aggressive carcinoma and poor patient with HCC survival. Loss-of-function studies conducted by us determined Tmod3 as an oncogene that promoted HCC growth and metastasis. Mechanistically, Tmod3 increases transcription of matrix metalloproteinase-2, -7, and -9 which required PI3K-AKT. Interaction between Tmod3 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) that supports the activation of EGFR phosphorylation, is essential for signaling activation of PI3K-AKT viral oncogene homolog. These findings reveal that Tmod3 enhances aggressive behavior of HCC both in vitro and in vivo by interacting with EFGR and by activating the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Tropomodulina/genética , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9820, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285444

RESUMO

MicroRNA-212-3p inhibits several human cancers but its effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. In this study, we show that miR-212-3p is down-regulated in HCC cell lines and tissues, and correlates with vascular invasion (p = 0.001), and the absence of capsule formation (p = 0.009). We found that miR-212-3p influenced the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HCCLM3 and Huh7 cells. Mechanistically, miR-212-3p repressed cell invasion through the suppression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). We therefore validate the anti-HCC effects of miR-212-3p through its ability to suppress CTGF and subsequent EMT.

7.
Oncol Lett ; 17(2): 2317-2327, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30675297

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve an important regulatory role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Aberrant expression of miR-197-3p has been reported in various human malignancies. However, the role of miR-197-3p in the progression and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The present study demonstrated that miR-197-3p was downregulated in HCC tissues and that the low level of miR-197-3p expression in HCC tumours correlated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics; thus, miR-197-3p may serve as a predictor for poor prognosis in patients with HCC. Additionally, miR-197-3p markedly inhibited the metastasis of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis further identified zinc finger protein interacted with K protein 1 (ZIK1) as a novel target of miR-197-3p in HCC cells. These findings suggest that miR-197-3p may regulate the survival of HCC cells, partially through the downregulation of ZIK1. Therefore, the miR-197-3p/ZIK1 axis may serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with HCC.

8.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 24(2): 141-152, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simultaneous detection of multiple molecular biomarkers is helpful in the prediction of treatment response and prognosis for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: A 22-gene panel consisting of 103 hotspot regions was utilized in the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples of 207 CRC patients, using the next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based multiplex PCR technique. Those 22 genes included AKT1, ALK, BRAF, CTNNB1, DDR2, EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB4, FBXW7, FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, KRAS, MAP2K1, MET, NOTCH1, NRAS, PIK3CA, PTEN, SMAD4, STK11, and TP53. RESULTS: Of the 207 patients, 193 had one or more variants, with 170, 20, and 3 having one, two, and three mutated genes, respectively. Of the total 414 variants identified in this study, 384, 25, and 5 were single-nucleotide variants, deletion, and insertion. The top four frequently mutated genes were TP53, KRAS, PIK3CA, and FBXW7. There was high consistency between the results of NGS-PCR technique and routine ARMS-PCR in KRAS and BRAF mutation detection. Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that advanced TNM stage, elevated serum CEA, total variants number ≥ 2, AKT1 and PTEN mutation were independent predictors of shorter DFS; poor differentiation, advanced TNM stage, total variants number ≥ 2, BRAF, CTNNB1 and NRAS mutation were independent predictors of shorter OS. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to detect multiple gene mutations with a 22-gene panel in FFPE CRC specimens. TNM stage and total variants number ≥ 2 were independent predictors of DFS and OS. Detection of multiple gene mutations may provide additional prognostic information to TNM stage in CRC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Mutação , Inclusão em Parafina , Transcriptoma , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Feminino , Formaldeído , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
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