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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(20): 5737-5743, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant epithelial tumor originating from adrenocortical cells that carries a very poor prognosis. Metastatic or inoperable diseases are often considered incurable, and treatment remains a challenge. Especially for advanced cases such as ACC complicated with renal venous cancer thrombus, there are few cumulative cases in the literature. CASE SUMMARY: The patient in this case was a 39-year-old middle-aged male who was admitted to the hospital for more than half a month due to dizziness and chest tightness. Computed tomography (CT) findings after admission revealed a left retroperitoneal malignant space-occupying lesion, but the origin of the formation of the left renal vein cancer thrombus remained to be determined. It was speculated that it originated from the left adrenal gland, perhaps a retroperitoneal source, and left adrenal mass + left nephrectomy + left renal vein tumor thrombus removal + angioplasty were performed under general anesthesia. Postoperative pathology results indicated a diagnosis of ACC. Postoperative steroid therapy was administered. At 3 mo after surgery, abdominal CT reexamination revealed multiple enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes and multiple low-density shadows in the liver, and palliative radiotherapy and mitotane were administered, considering the possibility of metastasis. The patient is currently being followed up. CONCLUSION: ACC is a highly malignant tumor. Even if the tumor is removed surgically, there is still the possibility of recurrence. Postoperative mitotane and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy have certain benefits for patients, but they cannot fully offset the poor prognosis of this disease.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 316, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common malignant renal tumor in children. The aim of this study was to identify potential susceptibility gene of WT for better prognosis. METHODS: Weighted gene coexpression network analysis is used for the detection of clinically important biomarkers associated with WT. RESULTS: In the study, 59 tissue samples from National Cancer Institute were pretreated for constructing gene co-expression network, while 224 samples also downloaded from National Cancer Institute were used for hub gene validation and module preservation analysis. Three modules were found to be highly correlated with WT, and 44 top hub genes were identified in these key modules eventually. In addition, both the module preservation analysis and gene validation showed ideal results based on other dataset with 224 samples. Meanwhile, Functional enrichment analysis showed that genes in module were enriched to sister chromatid cohesion, cell cycle, oocyte meiosis. CONCLUSION: In summary, we established a gene co-expression network to identify 44 hub genes are closely to recurrence and staging of WT, and 6 of these hub genes was closely related to the poor prognosis of patients. Our findings revealed that those hub genes may be used as potential susceptibility gene for clinical diagnosis and prognosis of this tumor.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Tumor de Wilms/genética , Criança , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Tumor de Wilms/diagnóstico , Tumor de Wilms/epidemiologia
3.
Chemosphere ; 198: 266-273, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421738

RESUMO

Previous studies have confirmed that house dust is one of the main sources of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure, and also indicated that PBDEs might affect human semen quality. The aim of this study was to explore the association between PBDEs concentration in house dust and the semen quality of male resident. Results showed that the semen qualities of the residents living around the e-waste dismantling workshops for a long time (3-17years) at the e-waste areas in South China significantly decreased, and the DNA damage of sperms were aggravated. The adjusted correlation analysed by multiple linear regression model showed that the sperm concentration and count both had negative correlation with BDE47 level in semen (ß = -0.295, 95%CI: -0.553∼-0.036; ß = -0.400, 95%CI: -0.708∼-0.092, respectively). In addition, the sperm progressive motility [(A+B)%] and sperm viability both had negative correlation with BDE100 level in dust (ß = -0.360, 95%CI: -0.680∼-0.040; ß = -0.114, 95% CI: -0.203∼-0.025, respectively). And there were significant linear positive correlation between PBDE congener (e.g. BDE28, 47, 153) concentrations in dust and in paired semen samples (rs = 0.367-0.547, p < 0.05). This study suggested that exposure to PBDEs from house dust might have adverse effects on human semen quality. But the results need to be confirmed in further studies with a large-scale sampling, and find out more direct and convincing evidence.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Poeira/análise , Resíduo Eletrônico/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , China , Dano ao DNA , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides/química , Inquéritos e Questionários
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