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Mol Cell Neurosci ; 100: 103401, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491533


Reelin plays important roles in regulating neuronal development, modulating synaptic function, and counteracting amyloid ß toxicity. A specific proteolytic cleavage (N-t cleavage) of Reelin abolishes its biological activity. We recently identified ADAMTS-3 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 3) as the major N-t cleavage enzyme in the embryonic and early postnatal brain. The contribution of other proteases, particularly in the postnatal brain, has not been demonstrated in vivo. ADAMTS-2, -3 and -14 share similar domain structures and substrate specificity, raising the possibility that ADAMTS-2 and -14 may cleave Reelin. We found that recombinant ADAMTS-2 protein expressed in cultured cell lines cleaves Reelin at the N-t site as efficiently as ADAMTS-3 while recombinant ADAMTS-14 hardly cleaves Reelin. The disintegrin domain is necessary for the Reelin-cleaving activity of ADAMTS-2 and -3. ADAMTS-2 is expressed in the adult brain at approximately the same level as ADAMTS-3. We generated ADAMTS-2 knockout (KO) mice and found that ADAMTS-2 significantly contributes to the N-t cleavage and inactivation of Reelin in the postnatal cerebral cortex and hippocampus, but much less in the cerebellum. Therefore, it was suggested that ADAMTS-2 can be a therapeutic target for adult brain disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease.

Anal Biochem ; 557: 77-83, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30031739


With the development of various methods for affinity-based selection of proteins such as phage display, ribosomal display, and mRNA display, the progress in this field has been gradually shifting to function-based selection, such as through single-molecule observation, genetic selection, and compartmentalization technologies. In this vein, we present an opposite link mode of mRNA display termed as a 'Head-to-Head' (H2H) link. The key technique in H2H, formation of a covalent bond between O6-benzylguanine (BG) and O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), was demonstrated to be workable in H2H ligation, where mRNA is linked to a nascent AGT via a BG-DNA linker, resulting in a "(C-terminus) protein-BG-DNA linker-mRNA (5'-terminus)" conjugate. Thus, a head (N-terminus) to head (5'-terminus) linkage is formed. Among the advantages of H2H, the generation of multi-copied proteins is the most promising and was proven to be possible owing to the restored stop codon, which had been intentionally removed in the conventional mRNA display. Another advantage is obviously having a free C-terminus of the protein, which can be used for modifications such as C-terminal methylation, α-amidation, and others, which occur in nature. A superior merit of H2H is that it makes it possible to use a single construct commonly in mRNA display (affinity-based) and compartmentalization technologies (function-based) without requiring complicated construct changes.

Anal Biochem ; 480: 82-4, 2015 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25173514


O(6)-Methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) cancels the anticancer effect of temozolomide (drug for glioblastoma), which introduces methylation to DNA. Therefore, developing an MGMT inhibitor is a promising strategy for the treatment of this cancer. For this purpose, a sensitive detection method that does not depend on the conventional radioisotope (RI) method was developed. This was realized by a fluorescence-based method that measured the amount of cleavable restriction sites demethylated by the action of MGMT; this method was enhanced by introducing a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification step. As an assay of enzyme activity, 20-fold higher sensitivity (subnanomolar) was attained compared with our and others' fluorescence-based approaches.

Fluorescência , Glioblastoma/enzimologia , O(6)-Metilguanina-DNA Metiltransferase/análise , O(6)-Metilguanina-DNA Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Ativação Enzimática , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , O(6)-Metilguanina-DNA Metiltransferase/genética , Radioisótopos