Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Hum Genet ; 64(9): 885-890, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270375

RESUMO

Pediatric hypertension can cause hypertensive emergencies, including hemorrhagic stroke, contributing to rare but serious childhood morbidity and mortality. Renovascular hypertension (RVH) is one of the major causes of secondary hypertension in children. Grange syndrome (MIM#602531) is a rare disease characterized by multiple stenosis or occlusion of the renal, abdominal, coronary, and cerebral arteries, which can cause phenotypes of RVH and fibromuscular dysplasia (MIM#135580). We report the case of a 7-year-old girl with Grange syndrome who showed RVH and multiple seizure episodes. At 1 year of age, she experienced seizures and sequential hemiparesis caused by a left thalamic hemorrhage without cerebral vascular anomalies. Chronic hypertension was observed, and abdominal computed tomography angiography showed characteristic bilateral renal artery stenosis. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel homozygous pathogenic variant in the YY1AP1 gene (NM_001198903.1: c.1169del: p.Lys390Argfs*12). Biallelic YY1AP1 mutations are known to cause Grange syndrome. Unlike previously reported patients, our patient presented with intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke without anomalous brain artery or bone fragility. The phenotype in our patient may help better understand this ultra-rare syndrome. Grange syndrome should be considered in patients presenting with childhood-onset hypertension and/or hemorrhagic stroke for early clinical intervention.

2.
J Hum Genet ; 64(9): 955-960, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213653

RESUMO

Identification of genetic causes of primary monogenic immunodeficiencies would strengthen the current understanding of their immunopathology. Pathogenic variants in genes in association with tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) signaling, including OTULIN, TNFAIP3, RBCK1, and RNF31 cause human congenital autoinflammatory diseases with/without immunodeficiency. RIPK1, encoding a receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 1, is present in protein complexes mediating signal transduction including TNF receptor 1. Biallelic loss-of-function variants in RIPK1 were recently reported in individuals with primary immunodeficiency with intestinal bowel disease and arthritis. Here, we report a novel homozygous RIPK1 variant in a boy with immunodeficiency and chronic enteropathy. Our patient exhibited severe motor delay and mild intellectual disability, which were previously unknown. The present results are expected to deepen the current understanding of clinical features based on RIPK1 abnormalities.

3.
Am J Hum Genet ; 104(5): 925-935, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982609

RESUMO

Colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) plays key roles in regulating development and function of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, including microglia and osteoclasts. Mono-allelic mutations of CSF1R are known to cause hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS), an adult-onset progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Here, we report seven affected individuals from three unrelated families who had bi-allelic CSF1R mutations. In addition to early-onset HDLS-like neurological disorders, they had brain malformations and skeletal dysplasia compatible to dysosteosclerosis (DOS) or Pyle disease. We identified five CSF1R mutations that were homozygous or compound heterozygous in these affected individuals. Two of them were deep intronic mutations resulting in abnormal inclusion of intron sequences in the mRNA. Compared with Csf1r-null mice, the skeletal and neural phenotypes of the affected individuals appeared milder and variable, suggesting that at least one of the mutations in each affected individual is hypomorphic. Our results characterized a unique human skeletal phenotype caused by CSF1R deficiency and implied that bi-allelic CSF1R mutations cause a spectrum of neurological and skeletal disorders, probably depending on the residual CSF1R function.

4.
Skeletal Radiol ; 48(8): 1201-1207, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to provide orientation for clinicians and radiologists to recognize the most prevalent findings leading to diagnosis in mucolipidosis from a description of the natural history of five Brazilian cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational and retrospective study of five patients with clinical and radiological diagnosis of mucolipidosis. Clinical evaluation consisted of information obtained from records and including physical, neurologic, and dysmorphic evaluations. Radiologic studies consisted of complete skeletal radiographs of all patients. Enzyme assessment was performed for confirmation of the diagnosis. RESULTS: The five patients were referred for genetic evaluation due to disproportionate short stature with short trunk accompanied by waddling gait. Age at referral varied from 11 months to 28 years. The most prevalent findings were joint restriction (4/5 patients), neuropsychomotor developmental delay (3/5), coarse facies (2/5), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (2/5), and mental retardation (1/4 patients). The most common radiological findings were anterior beaking of the vertebral bodies (5/5), shallow acetabular fossae (5/5), epiphyseal dysplasia (5/5), platyspondyly (4/5), pelvic dysplasia (4/5), decreased bone mineralization (4/5), scoliosis (3/5), wide and oar-shaped ribs (3/5), generalized epiphyseal ossification delay (3/5), and hypoplasia of basilar portions of ilea (3/5). Enzyme assessment showed α-iduronidase, α-mannosidase, ß-glucuronidase, hexosaminidase A, and total hexosaminidase increased in plasma and normal glycosaminoglycans concentration. One patient was clinically classified as ML II and four patients as ML III. CONCLUSIONS: The follow-up of five patients showed the typical clinical and radiological findings allowing the diagnosis, thus improving clinical management and providing adequate genetic counseling. Clinicians and radiologists can take advantage of the information from this work, enhancing their differential diagnosis ability.

5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(8): 723-728, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-976850

RESUMO

SUMMARY AIM To describe the incidence, diagnosis, and management of systemic arterial hypertension related to renal artery stenosis in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. METHODS Sixty-five patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome were evaluated for hypertension. Enrolled patients underwent Doppler sonography of the renal arteries and Doppler echocardiography. Those with Doppler sonography-detected lesions or with normal Doppler sonography but severe hypertension underwent computed tomography or gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of the aorta and renal vessels. Patients needing vascular therapeutic intervention underwent conventional angiography. RESULTS Systemic arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 21/65 patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome (32%; 13 male) with a mean age of 13.9 years (5mo-20yrs). In 8/21 patients renovascular hypertension was detected. Angioplasty was unsuccessful in five patients with renal artery stenosis, requiring additional treatment. Doppler echocardiography showed cardiac abnormalities in 16/21 (76%) hypertensive patients. CONCLUSION Cardiac abnormalities and hypertension in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome are common. Thus, thorough evaluation and follow-up are necessary to reduce cardiovascular risks and mortality of these patients


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever a incidência, o diagnóstico e o tratamento da hipertensão arterial sistêmica relacionada com estenose da artéria renal em pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren. MÉTODOS Sessenta e cinco pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren foram avaliados quanto à presença de hipertensão. Os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia com Doppler das artérias renais e ecocardiograma Doppler. Aqueles com suspeita de hipertensão renovascular foram submetidos à tomografia computadorizada ou angiografia por ressonância magnética da aorta e vasos renais ou angiografia convencional. RESULTADOS A hipertensão arterial sistêmica foi diagnosticada em 21/65 pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren (32%, 13 do sexo masculino), com idade média de 13,9 anos (5 meses-20 anos). Em 8/21 pacientes foi detectada a hipertensão renovascular. Angioplastia não teve sucesso em cinco pacientes com estenose da artéria renal, necessitando de tratamento adicional. O ecocardiograma Doppler mostrou anormalidades cardíacas em 16/21 (76%) pacientes hipertensos. CONCLUSÃO As anormalidades cardíacas e hipertensão arterial em pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren são muito frequentes, sendo necessários uma avaliação minuciosa e seguimento para diminuir o risco cardiovascular e a morbimortalidade desses pacientes

6.
Codas ; 30(4): e20170188, 2018 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043830

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify indicators of cognitive development, receptive language skills and adaptive behavioral patterns in toddlers with Williams syndrome (WS). METHODS: The sample comprised 8 children of both sex, aged between 48 and 72 months with WS. Instruments of data collection were Denver Developmental Screening Test II; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale; Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5and 6 to 18; Columbia Mental Maturity Scale (CMMS), and Behavior Problems Inventory-01. RESULTS: The major developmental impairments were associated with fine motor skills and personal care abilities. Deficits in receptive language and communication skills were reported according to the PPVT and Denver II, respectively. The caregivers reported behavioral and emotional problems associated to anxiety and depression, and attention problems scales of CBCL. CONCLUSION: The toddlers demonstrated deficits in adaptive functioning and behavioral, motor and cognitive difficulties such as inattention and hyperactivity, stereotypies and aggressive behavior.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Comportamento Social , Síndrome de Williams/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Testes de Inteligência , Testes de Linguagem , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Síndrome de Williams/genética
7.
CoDAS ; 30(4): e20170188, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952867

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose To verify indicators of cognitive development, receptive language skills and adaptive behavioral patterns in toddlers with Williams syndrome (WS). Methods The sample comprised 8 children of both sex, aged between 48 and 72 months with WS. Instruments of data collection were Denver Developmental Screening Test II; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale; Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5and 6 to 18; Columbia Mental Maturity Scale (CMMS), and Behavior Problems Inventory-01. Results The major developmental impairments were associated with fine motor skills and personal care abilities. Deficits in receptive language and communication skills were reported according to the PPVT and Denver II, respectively. The caregivers reported behavioral and emotional problems associated to anxiety and depression, and attention problems scales of CBCL. Conclusion The toddlers demonstrated deficits in adaptive functioning and behavioral, motor and cognitive difficulties such as inattention and hyperactivity, stereotypies and aggressive behavior.


RESUMO Objetivo Verificar indicadores de desenvolvimento cognitivo, habilidades de linguagem receptiva e padrões comportamentais adaptativos em pré-escolares com Síndrome de Williams (SW). Método A amostra foi composta por 8 crianças de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 48 e 72 meses com SW. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados utilizados foram Denver Developmental Screening Test II; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Escala de comportamento adaptativo Vineland; Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) para as idades 1½-5 e 6 a 18; Inventário de Problemas de Comportamento (BPI-01) e Escala de Maturidade Mental Columbia. Resultados Os principais prejuízos de desenvolvimento foram associados a habilidades motoras finas e habilidades de cuidados pessoais. Os déficits em linguagem receptiva e habilidades de comunicação foram relatados de acordo com o PPVT e Denver II, respectivamente. Os cuidadores relataram problemas comportamentais e emocionais associados às escalas de ansiedade e depressão e de problemas de atenção do CBCL. Conclusão Os pré-escolares demonstraram déficits no funcionamento adaptativo e dificuldades comportamentais, motoras e cognitivas, como desatenção e hiperatividade, estereotipias e comportamento agressivo.

8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 64(8): 723-728, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30673043

RESUMO

AIM: To describe the incidence, diagnosis, and management of systemic arterial hypertension related to renal artery stenosis in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome were evaluated for hypertension. Enrolled patients underwent Doppler sonography of the renal arteries and Doppler echocardiography. Those with Doppler sonography-detected lesions or with normal Doppler sonography but severe hypertension underwent computed tomography or gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of the aorta and renal vessels. Patients needing vascular therapeutic intervention underwent conventional angiography. RESULTS: Systemic arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 21/65 patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome (32%; 13 male) with a mean age of 13.9 years (5mo-20yrs). In 8/21 patients renovascular hypertension was detected. Angioplasty was unsuccessful in five patients with renal artery stenosis, requiring additional treatment. Doppler echocardiography showed cardiac abnormalities in 16/21 (76%) hypertensive patients. CONCLUSION: Cardiac abnormalities and hypertension in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome are common. Thus, thorough evaluation and follow-up are necessary to reduce cardiovascular risks and mortality of these patients.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/etiologia , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/complicações , Síndrome de Williams/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Incidência , Lactente , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/epidemiologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Síndrome de Williams/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Williams/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 62(3): 202-6, 2016 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27310541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the most prominent clinical features of a cohort of patients with oculo-auriculo-vertebral (OAV) dysplasia in Brazil. METHOD: A review of medical records of patients with diagnosis of OAV from 1990 to 2010 was performed in a medical genetics center. RESULTS: 41 patients were included in the study. Their average age at diagnosis was 2y 10mo (34,4±48,8 months) and the female proportion was 53.7%. Mean maternal age at patient's birth was 28.5y (min: 17, max: 46y) for mothers and 31.4y (min: 21, max: 51y) for fathers. Most patients (97.5%) had auricular involvement, with facial manifestation in 90.2%, spinal in 65.9%, ocular in 53.7%, 36.6% with cardiovascular involvement, 29.3% urogenital, and 17% of the cases with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The classic OAV triad was present in only 34%. All patients except one had concomitant problems in other organs or systems. CONCLUSION: Since the diagnosis of OAV dysplasia relies only on a comprehensive medical evaluation, it is imperative that clinicians be aware of the most common presentation of the syndrome. Once suspected, every patient should undergo a complete medical evaluation of multiple systems including complementary exams. Treatment of these patients is based on surgical correction of malformations and rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Goldenhar/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Goldenhar/patologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Orelha/anormalidades , Anormalidades do Olho , Face/anormalidades , Feminino , Síndrome de Goldenhar/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(3): 202-206, May-June 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-784311

RESUMO

SUMMARY Objective: To describe the most prominent clinical features of a cohort of patients with oculo-auriculo-vertebral (OAV) dysplasia in Brazil. Method: A review of medical records of patients with diagnosis of OAV from 1990 to 2010 was performed in a medical genetics center. Results: 41 patients were included in the study. Their average age at diagnosis was 2y 10mo (34,4±48,8 months) and the female proportion was 53.7%. Mean maternal age at patient’s birth was 28.5y (min: 17, max: 46y) for mothers and 31.4y (min: 21, max: 51y) for fathers. Most patients (97.5%) had auricular involvement, with facial manifestation in 90.2%, spinal in 65.9%, ocular in 53.7%, 36.6% with cardiovascular involvement, 29.3% urogenital, and 17% of the cases with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The classic OAV triad was present in only 34%. All patients except one had concomitant problems in other organs or systems. Conclusion: Since the diagnosis of OAV dysplasia relies only on a comprehensive medical evaluation, it is imperative that clinicians be aware of the most common presentation of the syndrome. Once suspected, every patient should undergo a complete medical evaluation of multiple systems including complementary exams. Treatment of these patients is based on surgical correction of malformations and rehabilitation.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever os principais achados clínicos de uma coorte de pacientes com a displasia óculo-aurículo-vertebral (OAV). Método: revisão de prontuários médicos dos pacientes com diagnóstico de OAV no período de 1990 a 2010, acompanhados em um centro de genética médica. Resultados: foram incluídos no estudo 41 pacientes. A média de idade ao diagnóstico foi de 2 anos e 10 meses (34,4±48,8 meses) e a proporção de pacientes do sexo feminino foi de 53,7%. A média de idade dos pais ao nascimento do paciente foi de 28,5±6,9 anos para as mães e 31,4±7,4 anos para os pais. A maioria dos indivíduos (97,5%) possuía acometimento auricular, 90,2% tinham manifestações faciais, 65,9%, vertebrais, 53,7%, oculares, 36,6%, cardiovasculares, 29,3%, urogenitais e 17%, no sistema nervoso central. Além disso, 34% dos pacientes apresentavam a tríade clássica óculo-aurículo-vertebral, e todos os pacientes exceto um apresentavam concomitantemente problemas em outros órgãos ou sistemas. Conclusão: já que o diagnóstico desta entidade é eminentemente clínico, é imprescindível que os médicos das mais diversas especialidades conheçam os achados mais frequentes na OAV. Diante de um paciente com suspeita diagnóstica, deve ser realizada avaliação detalhada de outros órgãos, tanto clínica como por meio de exames complementares. O tratamento é baseado na correção cirúrgica das malformações e na reabilitação.

11.
Psicol. teor. prát ; 18(1): 178-193, abr. 2016.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-791822

RESUMO

A síndrome de Williams (SW) é uma desordem genética causada pela deleção de múltiplos genes no cromossomo 7. Evidências clínicas alertam para indicadores de prejuízos socioemocionais compatíveis com Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA). O objetivo do estudo foi identificar indicadores socioemocionais e comportamentais compatíveis com autismo em pessoas com SW. A amostra foi composta por 30 indivíduos com diagnóstico de SW e 22 com TEA. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados foram Inventário de Comportamentos Autísticos (Autism Behavior Checklist – ABC); e Questionário de Avaliação de Autismo (Autism Screening Questionnaire – ASQ), respondidos pelos respectivos cuidadores. Foi conduzida uma análise discriminante (modelo Step Wise) para diferenciação dos grupos a partir dos itens dos inventários ABC e ASQ. O grupo de pessoas com SW apresentou um número expressivo de sinais de alterações socioemocionais, comunicativas e de comportamento compatíveis com Autismo que predominaram na fase dos quatro a cinco anos de idade.


Williams Syndrome (WS) is a genetic disorder caused by the deletion of multiple genes on chromosome 7. Clinical evidence points to socio‑emotional alterations compatible with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The goal of this study was to identify socio‑emotional and behavioral signs compatible with ASD in individuals with WS. The sample consisted of 30 individuals with WS and 22 with ASD. The data collection instruments were Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC); and Autism Screening Questionnaire (ASQ) that were answered by the caregivers. We conducted a discriminant analysis (Step Wise) to differentiate the groups from items of the ABC and ASQ inventories. The WS group showed a large number of signs of socio‑emotional, communicative and behavioral alterations compatible with Autism that prevailed at the age of four to five years.


El Síndrome de Williams (SW) es una enfermedad genética causada por la delección de múltiplos genes en el cromosoma 7. Evidencias clínicas alertan para indicadores de afectaciones socio‑emocionales compatibles con Trastorno del Espectro del Autismo (TEA). El objetivo del estudio fue identificar indicadores socio‑emocionales y conductuales compatibles con Autismo en personas con SW. La muestra fue compuesta por 30 individuos con diagnóstico de SW y 22 con TEA. Los instrumentos de colecta de datos fueron Inventario de Conductas Autisticos (Autism Behavior Checklist – ABC); y Cuestionario de Conducta y Comunicación Social (Autism Screening Questionnaire – ASQ), respondidos por los respectivos cuidadores. Fue conducido un análisis discriminante (modelo Step Wise) para diferenciación de los grupos a partir de los itens de los inventarios ABC y ASQ. El grupo de personas con SW presentó un número expresivo de señales de alteraciones socio‑emocionales, comunicativas y de conducta compatibles con Autismo que predominaron en la fase de los cuatro a cinco años de edad.

13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 61(5): 407-10, 2015 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26603002

RESUMO

Menkes disease is a congenital disorder caused by changes in copper metabolism derived from mutations in the ATP7A gene. It is characterized by physical and neurological alterations. In the neonatal period, these alterations can be nonspecific, which makes early diagnosis a challenge. Diagnosis can be suspected when there are low levels of ceruloplasmin and serum copper. Molecular analysis confirms the diagnosis. Treatment is parenteral administration of copper histidine. We report a familial case with molecular confirmation. The proband had clinical and biochemical suspicious. Treatment with copper histidine was indicated, but initiated at the age of 2 months and 27 days only. He did not present improvements and died at 6 months. The mother became pregnant again, a male fetus was identified and copper histidine was manufactured during pregnancy. He was born healthy, biochemical markers were reduced and treatment was indicated. Molecular analysis was performed confirming mutation in both the mother and the proband, while the other son did not have mutation, so treatment was discontinued. We support the clinical relevance of molecular confirmation for the correct diagnosis and genetic counseling, once clinical findings in the neonatal period are nonspecific and early treatment with parenteral copper histidine must be indicated.


Assuntos
Histidina/análogos & derivados , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/genética , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Ceruloplasmina/análise , Cobre/análise , ATPases Transportadoras de Cobre , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Doenças do Cabelo/diagnóstico , Histidina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/diagnóstico , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/tratamento farmacológico , Gravidez
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(5): 407-410, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-766263

RESUMO

Summary Menkes disease is a congenital disorder caused by changes in copper metabolism derived from mutations in the ATP7A gene. It is characterized by physical and neurological alterations. In the neonatal period, these alterations can be nonspecific, which makes early diagnosis a challenge. Diagnosis can be suspected when there are low levels of ceruloplasmin and serum copper. Molecular analysis confirms the diagnosis. Treatment is parenteral administration of copper histidine. We report a familial case with molecular confirmation. The proband had clinical and biochemical suspicious. Treatment with copper histidine was indicated, but initiated at the age of 2 months and 27 days only. He did not present improvements and died at 6 months. The mother became pregnant again, a male fetus was identified and copper histidine was manufactured during pregnancy. He was born healthy, biochemical markers were reduced and treatment was indicated. Molecular analysis was performed confirming mutation in both the mother and the proband, while the other son did not have mutation, so treatment was discontinued. We support the clinical relevance of molecular confirmation for the correct diagnosis and genetic counseling, once clinical findings in the neonatal period are nonspecific and early treatment with parenteral copper histidine must be indicated.


Resumo A doença de Menkes é causada por uma alteração genética no metabolismo do cobre, por mutações no gene ATP7A. Caracteriza-se por alterações neurológicas e no exame físico. No período neonatal, essas alterações podem ser inespecíficas, o que torna o diagnóstico precoce um desafio. O diagnóstico pode ser suspeitado quando há baixos níveis séricos de cobre e ceruloplasmina. A análise molecular confirma o diagnóstico, e o tratamento deve ser feito com histidina de cobre. Nós relatamos um caso familial de doença de Menkes. O probando apresentava quadro clínico e alterações bioquímicas compatíveis com a doença de Menkes, em consulta com 1 mês de vida. O tratamento foi indicado, mas apenas iniciado com 2 meses e 27 dias. Ele não apresentou melhora clínica e veio a óbito com 6 meses. A mãe teve uma nova gestação, foi identificado um feto do sexo masculino e foi solicitada a manipulação da histidina de cobre ainda durante a gestação. O bebê nasceu saudável, os marcadores bioquímicos estavam diminuídos e o tratamento com histidina de cobre foi indicado. Realizamos a análise molecular, que confirmou mutação no gene ATP7A na mãe e no probando; porém, o outro filho não apresentava mutação e o tratamento foi interrompido. Nós defendemos a importância clínica da confirmação molecular para o correto diagnóstico e o aconselhamento genético da doença de Menkes, uma vez que os achados clínicos e as alterações bioquímicas no período neonatal são inespecíficos, e o tratamento com histidina de cobre parenteral deve ser rapidamente instituído.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Histidina/análogos & derivados , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/genética , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Ceruloplasmina/análise , Cobre/análise , Evolução Fatal , Doenças do Cabelo/diagnóstico , Histidina/uso terapêutico , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/diagnóstico , Síndrome dos Cabelos Torcidos/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2015: 903175, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26090456

RESUMO

Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genetic disease caused by a microdeletion in the 7q11.23 region. It is characterized by congenital heart disease, mainly supravalvular aortic stenosis, mental retardation, mild short stature, facial dysmorphisms, and variable abnormalities in different systems. Objectives. To report the clinical findings of 55 Brazilian patients confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Methods. Patients were followed up for 4 years at the Genetics Unit of the Instituto da Criança of the Hospital das Clínicas, FMUSP, Brazil. A kit specific for WBS was used to detect the 7q11.23 microdeletion. Results. Two patients with negative FISH results had positive MLPA results for WBS. The characteristics of the patients with the deletion were as follows: typical WBS facies (98.2%), neuropsychomotor delay (98.2%), hypersocial behavior (94.5%), hyperacusis (94.5%), and congenital heart disease (81.8%). Conclusions. MLPA was effective in detecting the microdeletion in the 7q11.23 region to confirm the diagnosis of WBS. MLPA was also able to confirm the diagnosis of WBS in two patients with typical clinical characteristics but negative FISH results. Thus, MLPA is a promising method in the diagnostic investigation of WBS. WBS is a multisystemic disorder and therefore requires multidisciplinary care and specific follow-up to prevent complications.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Síndrome de Williams/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Fenótipo , Síndrome de Williams/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Williams/patologia
17.
Psicol. esc. educ ; 17(1): 105-112, jun. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-680829

RESUMO

Síndrome de Williams-Beuren é uma doença de múltiplos órgãos causada por microdeleção de 25 genes no cromossomo 7 (q11.23), sugerindo uma vulnerabilidade ao estresse. Objetivamos determinar se crianças e adolescentes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren apresentam níveis elevados de estresse. Avaliamos 40 indivíduos em idade escolar, com diagnóstico de síndrome de Williams-Beuren e grupo controle. Os instrumentos utilizados: Escala de Estresse Infantil (ESI), Escala de Inteligência para Crianças (WISC), Escala de Inteligência para Adultos (WAIS) e um questionário semiestruturado. No grupo com o SWB, 50% tinham altos níveis de estresse em comparação com 28,6% no grupo controle, diferença altamente significativa estatisticamente (p <0,001). De escola de inclusão, 40,7% apresentaram maior estresse; de escola especial, 69,2% (p> 0,140). Indivíduos com síndrome de Williams mostram índice elevado de estresse. Este estudo destaca a necessidade de orientação sobre a síndrome a pais e gestão escolar, com foco na redução de possíveis fatores ambientais estressantes.


Williams-Beuren syndrome is a multiorgan disease caused by microdeletion of 25 genes on chromosome 7 (q11.23), suggesting a vulnerability to stress. In this study we aim to determine whether children and adolescents with Williams-Beuren syndrome have high levels of stress. We studied 40 subjects of school age, with confirmed diagnosis of Williams-Beuren syndrome and control group. The instruments used: Child Stress Scale (ESI), Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), and a questionnaire semi-estructured. In the group with SWB, 50% had high levels of stress compared with 28.6% in the control group, statistically highly significant difference (p <0.001). In Inclusion school, 40.7% revealed higher stress; special school 69.2% (p> 0,140) difference was not statistically significant. Individuals with Williams syndrome show high level of stress. This study highlights the need for guidance about the syndrome to parents and school management, with focus on reducing of possible environmental stressors factors.


El Síndrome de Williams-Beuren es una enfermedad de múltiplos órganos causada por microdeleción de 25 genes en el cromosoma 7 (q11.23) sugiriendo una vulnerabilidad al estrés. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar si niños y adolescentes con síndrome de Williams-Beuren presentan niveles elevados de estrés. Evaluamos 40 individuos en edad escolar con diagnóstico de síndrome de Williams-Beuren y grupo control. Los instrumentos utilizados: Escala de Estrés Infantil (ESI), Escala de Inteligencia para niños (WISC), Escala de Inteligencia para Adultos (WAIS) y un cuestionario semi-estructurado. En el grupo con el SWB 50% tenían altos niveles de estrés en comparación con 28,6% en el grupo control, diferencia altamente significativa estadísticamente (p <0,001). De la escuela de inclusión 40,7% presentaron mayor estrés; de la escuela especial 69,2% (p> 0,140). Individuos con Síndrome de Williams muestran índice elevado de estrés. Este estudio destaca la necesidad de orientación sobre el síndrome a padres y gestión escolar con enfoque en la reducción de posibles factores ambientales estresantes.


Assuntos
Criança , Adolescente , Criança , Adolescente , Síndrome de Williams
18.
Psicol. esc. educ ; 17(1): 105-112, jun. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: psi-66201

RESUMO

Síndrome de Williams-Beuren é uma doença de múltiplos órgãos causada por microdeleção de 25 genes no cromossomo 7 (q11.23), sugerindo uma vulnerabilidade ao estresse. Objetivamos determinar se crianças e adolescentes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren apresentam níveis elevados de estresse. Avaliamos 40 indivíduos em idade escolar, com diagnóstico de síndrome de Williams-Beuren e grupo controle. Os instrumentos utilizados: Escala de Estresse Infantil (ESI), Escala de Inteligência para Crianças (WISC), Escala de Inteligência para Adultos (WAIS) e um questionário semiestruturado. No grupo com o SWB, 50% tinham altos níveis de estresse em comparação com 28,6% no grupo controle, diferença altamente significativa estatisticamente (p <0,001). De escola de inclusão, 40,7% apresentaram maior estresse; de escola especial, 69,2% (p> 0,140). Indivíduos com síndrome de Williams mostram índice elevado de estresse. Este estudo destaca a necessidade de orientação sobre a síndrome a pais e gestão escolar, com foco na redução de possíveis fatores ambientais estressantes.(AU)


Williams-Beuren syndrome is a multiorgan disease caused by microdeletion of 25 genes on chromosome 7 (q11.23), suggesting a vulnerability to stress. In this study we aim to determine whether children and adolescents with Williams-Beuren syndrome have high levels of stress. We studied 40 subjects of school age, with confirmed diagnosis of Williams-Beuren syndrome and control group. The instruments used: Child Stress Scale (ESI), Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), and a questionnaire semi-estructured. In the group with SWB, 50% had high levels of stress compared with 28.6% in the control group, statistically highly significant difference (p <0.001). In Inclusion school, 40.7% revealed higher stress; special school 69.2% (p> 0,140) difference was not statistically significant. Individuals with Williams syndrome show high level of stress. This study highlights the need for guidance about the syndrome to parents and school management, with focus on reducing of possible environmental stressors factors.(AU)


El Síndrome de Williams-Beuren es una enfermedad de múltiplos órganos causada por microdeleción de 25 genes en el cromosoma 7 (q11.23) sugiriendo una vulnerabilidad al estrés. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar si niños y adolescentes con síndrome de Williams-Beuren presentan niveles elevados de estrés. Evaluamos 40 individuos en edad escolar con diagnóstico de síndrome de Williams-Beuren y grupo control. Los instrumentos utilizados: Escala de Estrés Infantil (ESI), Escala de Inteligencia para niños (WISC), Escala de Inteligencia para Adultos (WAIS) y un cuestionario semi-estructurado. En el grupo con el SWB 50% tenían altos niveles de estrés en comparación con 28,6% en el grupo control, diferencia altamente significativa estadísticamente (p <0,001). De la escuela de inclusión 40,7% presentaron mayor estrés; de la escuela especial 69,2% (p> 0,140). Individuos con Síndrome de Williams muestran índice elevado de estrés. Este estudio destaca la necesidad de orientación sobre el síndrome a padres y gestión escolar con enfoque en la reducción de posibles factores ambientales estresantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Síndrome de Williams , Criança , Adolescente
20.
São Paulo; s.n; 2012. [122] p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-655452

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A síndrome de Williams-Beuren (SWB) é uma doença genética causada por uma microdeleção na região 7q11.23 e caracterizada por dismorfismos faciais típicos, deficiência intelectual, comportamento hipersociável, cardiopatia congênita, principalmente a estenose aórtica supravalvar (EASV), e outras malformações variáveis. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 65 pacientes (40 do sexo masculino, 25 do sexo feminino), com idades entre 2 e 59 anos (mediana = 14 anos), com características clínicas sugestivas de SWB. Todos os pacientes eram filhos de pais normais. A técnica de Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification® (MLPA®) foi usada com kit específico com sondas da região da SWB (MRC Holland). As sondas foram hibridadas ao DNA e os fragmentos ligados foram amplificados por PCR e analisados com software específico. RESULTADOS: A deleção de todas as sondas da região 7q11.23 testadas foi detectada por MLPA® em 55/65 pacientes. Um caso de deleção atípica, ou seja, menor que 1,5 Mb, foi observada em um paciente com quadro clínico parcial da síndrome. Os nove pacientes sem deleção tinham um diagnóstico clínico duvidoso da SWB. Dois pacientes tiveram MLPA® positivo para SWB embora apresentassem resultados de FISH negativos...


INTRODUCTION: Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genetic disorder caused by a microdeletion in 7q11.23 region. It is characterized by typical facial dysmorphisms, mental retardation, hipersociable behavior, congenital heart disease, mainly supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS), and other variable congenital malformations. METHODS: 65 patients (40 males, 25 females), aged 2-59 years old (median = 14 years old), with clinical characteristics suggesting WBS, were evaluated. All patients had normal parents. Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification® (MLPA®) was performed with a kit with probes in WBS region (MRC Holland). The probes were hybridized to the DNA and the ligated fragments were amplified by PCR and analyzed with specific software. RESULTS: The deletion for all tested probes in the 7q11.23 region was detected by MLPA® in 55/65 patients. One case of atypical deletion, smaller than 1.5 Mb, was observed in one patient with partial clinical picture of the syndrome. The nine patients without the deletion did not have a definitive clinical diagnosis of WBS. Two patients had positive MLPA® results even though they had negative FISH for WBS...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estenose Aórtica Supravalvular , Elastina , Biologia Molecular , Síndrome de Williams
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA