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PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257314, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506589


BACKGROUND: In this prospective observational study, we evaluated the effects of fluid bolus (FB) on venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide tension (PvaCO2) in 42 adult critically ill patients with pre-infusion PvaCO2 > 6 mmHg. RESULTS: FB caused a decrease in PvaCO2, from 8.7 [7.6-10.9] mmHg to 6.9 [5.8-8.6] mmHg (p < 0.01). PvaCO2 decreased independently of pre-infusion cardiac index and PvaCO2 changes during FB were not correlated with changes in central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) whatever pre-infusion CI. Pre-infusion levels of PvaCO2 were inversely correlated with decreases in PvaCO2 during FB and a pre-infusion PvaCO2 value < 7.7 mmHg could exclude a decrease in PvaCO2 during FB (AUC: 0.79, 95%CI 0.64-0.93; Sensitivity, 91%; Specificity, 55%; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Fluid bolus decreased abnormal PvaCO2 levels independently of pre-infusion CI. Low baseline PvaCO2 values suggest that a positive response to FB is unlikely.

Pediatr Nephrol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545447


BACKGROUND: Creatinine is distributed between the intracellular and extracellular compartments, and as a result, the measurement of its concentration is strongly related to the fluid status of the patient. An interest has been shown in correcting measured serum creatinine levels according to the fluid balance in order to better specify the degree of acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 33 children, aged 0 to 5 years, admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit for acute respiratory distress syndrome treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. We compared measured and corrected creatinine and assessed the degree of agreement between these values using both Cohen's kappa and Krippendorff's alpha coefficient. RESULTS: In our cohort, 37% of the classifications made according to measured creatinine levels were erroneous and, in the majority of cases, the degree of AKI was underestimated. CONCLUSION: Correction of the measured creatinine value according to the degree of fluid overload may result in more accurate diagnosis of AKI. Graphical abstract A higher resolution version of the Graphical abstract is available as Supplementary information.

Semin Dial ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448261


Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in sepsis does have a role in removing excessive fluid, and also role in removal of mediators although not proven today, and to allow fluid space in order to feed. In these conditions, continuous renal replacement therapy can improve morbidity but never mortality so far. Regarding sepsis, timing has become a more important issue after decades and is currently more discussed than dosing. Rationale of blood purification has evolved a lot in the last years regarding sepsis with the discovery of many types of sorbent allowing ideas from science fiction to become reality in 2021. Undoubtedly, COVID-19 has reactivated the interest of blood purification in sepsis but also in COVID-19. Burn is even more dependent about removal of excessive fluid as compared to sepsis. Regarding cardiac failure, ultrafiltration can improve the quality of life and morbidity when diuretics are becoming inefficient but can never improve mortality. Regarding brain injury, CRRTs have several advantages as compared to intermittent hemodialysis. In liver failure, there have been no randomized controlled trials to examine whether single-pass albumin dialysis offers advantages over standard supportive care, and there is always the cost of albumin.