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Mar Pollut Bull ; 142: 189-195, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232294


This research takes a holistic approach to considering the consequences of marine plastic pollution. A semi-systematic literature review of 1191 data points provides the basis to determine the global ecological, social and economic impacts. An ecosystem impact analysis demonstrates that there is global evidence of impact with medium to high frequency on all subjects, with a medium to high degree of irreversibility. A novel translation of these ecological impacts into ecosystem service impacts provides evidence that all ecosystem services are impacted to some extent by the presence of marine plastic, with a reduction in provision predicted for all except one. This reduction in ecosystem service provision is evidenced to have implications for human health and wellbeing, linked particularly to fisheries, heritage and charismatic species, and recreation.

Ecossistema , Pesqueiros , Plásticos , Poluição Química da Água/economia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Poluentes Químicos da Água
Mar Pollut Bull ; 141: 236-243, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955730


Our understanding of ecological processes that lead to ecosystem services is still evolving but ecological research aims to understand the linkages between the ecosystem and services. These linkages can affect trade-offs between different ecosystem services. Understanding these linkages, by considering multiple ecosystem services simultaneously supports management of the environment and sustainable use of resources. The UK marine environment is relatively data rich, yet the links between ecosystem and several ecosystem services and linkages between services are poorly described. A workshop with 35 marine scientists was used to create a conceptual model that links ecosystem components and key processes to four services they provide and to highlight trade-offs between them. The model was subsequently further developed to include pressures and mitigating management measures. The models are discussed in terms of their application to marine data to facilitate evidence-based marine management and their usefulness to communicate management measures with managers and stakeholders.

Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Ecologia , Ecossistema , Política Ambiental , Modelos Teóricos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Oceanos e Mares , Reino Unido