Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Clin Invest ; 129(8): 3171-3184, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264976

RESUMO

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is an inherited arrhythmia syndrome characterized by severe structural and electrical cardiac phenotypes, including myocardial fibrofatty replacement and sudden cardiac death. Clinical management of ACM is largely palliative, owing to an absence of therapies that target its underlying pathophysiology, which stems partially from our limited insight into the condition. Following identification of deceased ACM probands possessing ANK2 rare variants and evidence of ankyrin-B loss of function on cardiac tissue analysis, an ANK2 mouse model was found to develop dramatic structural abnormalities reflective of human ACM, including biventricular dilation, reduced ejection fraction, cardiac fibrosis, and premature death. Desmosomal structure and function appeared preserved in diseased human and murine specimens in the presence of markedly abnormal ß-catenin expression and patterning, leading to identification of a previously unknown interaction between ankyrin-B and ß-catenin. A pharmacological activator of the WNT/ß-catenin pathway, SB-216763, successfully prevented and partially reversed the murine ACM phenotypes. Our findings introduce what we believe to be a new pathway for ACM, a role of ankyrin-B in cardiac structure and signaling, a molecular link between ankyrin-B and ß-catenin, and evidence for targeted activation of the WNT/ß-catenin pathway as a potential treatment for this disease.

2.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2837, 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253775

RESUMO

The diagnostic yield of exome and genome sequencing remains low (8-70%), due to incomplete knowledge on the genes that cause disease. To improve this, we use RNA-seq data from 31,499 samples to predict which genes cause specific disease phenotypes, and develop GeneNetwork Assisted Diagnostic Optimization (GADO). We show that this unbiased method, which does not rely upon specific knowledge on individual genes, is effective in both identifying previously unknown disease gene associations, and flagging genes that have previously been incorrectly implicated in disease. GADO can be run on www.genenetwork.nl by supplying HPO-terms and a list of genes that contain candidate variants. Finally, applying GADO to a cohort of 61 patients for whom exome-sequencing analysis had not resulted in a genetic diagnosis, yields likely causative genes for ten cases.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Transcriptoma , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Modelos Genéticos , Análise de Componente Principal , Software , Interface Usuário-Computador
3.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 12(5): e002436, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112426

RESUMO

Background Truncating titin variants (TTNtv) are the most prevalent genetic cause of dilated cardiomyopathy, found in ≤25% of familial cases. Moreover, TTNtv associated with dilated cardiomyopathy are estimated to be present in 0.5% of the general population. The prognosis of asymptomatic carriers of TTNtv is poorly understood because TTNtv are associated with a highly variable phenotype. We aim to assess the natural history and clinical relevance of TTNtv by analyzing standardized mortality ratios (SMR) in multigenerational pedigrees and in close relatives of present-day patients. Methods Haplotype and genealogical analyses were performed on 3 recurrent TTNtv. Subsequently, the family tree mortality ratio method was used to compare all-cause mortality of subjects at an a priori 50% risk of carrying TTNtv to the general Dutch population. SMRs were stratified for sex, age, and calendar period. Subgroups were compared with Poisson regression. Similarly, SMRs were calculated in parents of 128 present-day dilated cardiomyopathy probands with TTNtv using the reverse parent-offspring method. Results The TTNtv were established as founder mutations and traced to 18th century ancestors. In 20 522 person-years, overall mortality was not significantly increased (SMR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.95-1.18; P=0.162). However, mortality was significantly increased in subjects living after 1965 (SMR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.04-1.53; P=0.009) and aged ≥60 years (SMR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01-1.35; P=0.02). The reverse parent-offspring analysis showed overall excess mortality (SMR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.07-1.48; P=0.003), driven by subjects aged ≥60 years. Conclusions The natural history of the analyzed TTNtv shows a relatively mild disease course with significant excess mortality in elderly patients. With increasing life expectancy, TTNtv-associated morbidity and mortality will likely become more prevalent.

4.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 40: 2-6, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763825

RESUMO

Phospholamban (PLN) p.Arg14del cardiomyopathy is characterized by a distinct arrhythmogenic biventricular phenotype that can be predominantly left ventricular, right ventricular, or both. Our aim was to further elucidate distinct features of this cardiomyopathy with respect to the distribution of desmosomal proteins observed by immunofluorescence (IF) in comparison to desmosomal arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy and co-existent genetic variants. We studied eight explanted heart specimens from PLN p.Arg14del mutation carriers. Macro- and microscopic examination revealed biventricular presence of fibrofatty replacement and interstitial fibrosis. Five out of 8 (63%) patients met consensus criteria for both arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In four cases, targeted next-generation sequencing revealed one additional pathogenic variant and six variants of unknown significance. IF showed diminished junction plakoglobin signal intensity at the intercalated disks in 4 (67%) out of 6 cases fulfilling ARVC criteria but normal intensity in both cases fulfilling only DCM criteria. Notably, the four cases with diminished junction plakoglobin were also those where an additional gene variant was detected. IF for two proteins recently investigated in desmosomal arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM), synapse-associated protein 97 and glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta, showed a distinct distributional pattern in comparison to desmosomal ACM. In 7 (88%) out of 8 cases we observed both a strong synapse-associated protein 97 signal at the sarcomeres and no glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta translocation to the intercalated discs. Phospholamban p.Arg14del cardiomyopathy is characterized by a distinct molecular signature compared to desmosomal ACM, specifically a different desmosomal protein distribution. This study substantiates the idea that additional genetic variants play a role in the phenotypical heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/genética , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Desmossomos/química , Miocárdio/química , Deleção de Sequência , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/patologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Desmossomos/patologia , Feminino , Fibrose , Marcadores Genéticos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/análise
5.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 4(12): 1613-1625, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare electrocardiogram (ECG) variants in athletic and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) cohorts matched for the confounders of age, sex, and ethnicity. BACKGROUND: Anterior T-wave inversion (TWIV1-V4) is a common electrocardiographic finding in both athletes and patients with ARVC, and is a frequent conundrum in the setting of pre-participation screening. J-point elevation (JPE) has been proposed as an accurate means of identifying athletes, whereas disease markers, including premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and low-voltage signals, have been associated with ARVC. METHODS: This study examined 200 subjects with TWI V1-V4, including 100 healthy athletes and 100 ARVC patients matched 1:1 for age, sex, and ethnicity (age: 21 ± 5 years for athletes vs. 22 ± 5 years for ARVC patients; 47% male; 97% Caucasian). The presence of TWI, JPE, PVCs, and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were assessed. RESULTS: JPE was observed in 27% of athletes versus 16% of ARVC patients (p = 0.09). Thus, JPE had poor specificity (27%) and accuracy (60%) in identifying healthy athletes. In contrast, ARVC patients demonstrated a greater prevalence of precordial TWI beyond lead V3 (34% vs. 8%; p < 0.001), inferior TWI (31% vs. 3%; p < 0.001), PVCs (18% vs. 0%; p < 0.001), and lower LVH scores (SV1 + RV5; 19 ± 1 mm vs. 30 ± 1 mm; p < 0.001). These combined factors provided more reliable differentiation between health and disease (specificity 82%, accuracy 81%). CONCLUSIONS: PVCs and low QRS voltages are more prevalent among ARVC patients than athletes, whereas JPE is a relatively poor discriminator of health and disease when the confounders of age, sex, and ethnicity are considered.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita , Eletrocardiografia/classificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0203078, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30161220

RESUMO

AIMS: Likely pathogenic/pathogenic variants in genes encoding desmosomal proteins play an important role in the pathophysiology of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). However, for a substantial proportion of ARVC patients, the genetic substrate remains unknown. We hypothesized that plectin, a cytolinker protein encoded by the PLEC gene, could play a role in ARVC because it has been proposed to link the desmosomal protein desmoplakin to the cytoskeleton and therefore has a potential function in the desmosomal structure. METHODS: We screened PLEC in 359 ARVC patients and compared the frequency of rare coding PLEC variants (minor allele frequency [MAF] <0.001) between patients and controls. To assess the frequency of rare variants in the control population, we evaluated the rare coding variants (MAF <0.001) found in the European cohort of the Exome Aggregation Database. We further evaluated plectin localization by immunofluorescence in a subset of patients with and without a PLEC variant. RESULTS: Forty ARVC patients carried one or more rare PLEC variants (11%, 40/359). However, rare variants also seem to occur frequently in the control population (18%, 4754/26197 individuals). Nor did we find a difference in the prevalence of rare PLEC variants in ARVC patients with or without a desmosomal likely pathogenic/pathogenic variant (14% versus 8%, respectively). However, immunofluorescence analysis did show decreased plectin junctional localization in myocardial tissue from 5 ARVC patients with PLEC variants. CONCLUSIONS: Although PLEC has been hypothesized as a promising candidate gene for ARVC, our current study did not show an enrichment of rare PLEC variants in ARVC patients compared to controls and therefore does not support a major role for PLEC in this disorder. Although rare PLEC variants were associated with abnormal localization in cardiac tissue, the confluence of data does not support a role for plectin abnormalities in ARVC development.

7.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 29(7): 1004-1009, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29709087

RESUMO

AIMS: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Currently 60% of patients meeting Task Force Criteria (TFC) have an identifiable mutation in one of the desmosomal genes. As much overlap is described between other cardiomyopathies and ARVC, we examined the prevalence of rare, possibly pathogenic sarcomere variants in the ARVC population. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven (137) individuals meeting 2010 TFC for a diagnosis of ARVC, negative for pathogenic desmosomal variants, TMEM43, SCN5A, and PLN were screened for variants in the sarcomere genes (ACTC1, MYBPC3, MYH7, MYL2, MYL3, TNNC1, TNNI3, TNNT2, and TPM1) through either clinical or research genetic testing. RESULTS: Six probands (6/137, 4%) were found to carry rare variants in the sarcomere genes. These variants have low prevalence in controls, are predicted damaging by Polyphen-2, and some of the variants are known pathogenic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutations. Sarcomere variant carriers had a phenotype that did not differ significantly from desmosomal mutation carriers. As most of these probands were the only affected individuals in their families, however, segregation data are noninformative. CONCLUSION: These data show variants in the sarcomere can be identified in individuals with an ARVC phenotype. Although rare and predicted damaging, proven functional and segregational evidence that these variants can cause ARVC is lacking. Therefore, caution is warranted in interpreting these variants when identified on large next-generation sequencing panels for cardiomyopathies.

9.
Cardiovasc Res ; 113(12): 1521-1531, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28957532

RESUMO

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is a rare, heritable heart disease characterized by fibro-fatty replacement of the myocardium and a high degree of electric instability. It was first thought to be a congenital disorder, but is now regarded as a dystrophic heart muscle disease that develops over time. There is no curative treatment and current treatment strategies focus on attenuating the symptoms, slowing disease progression, and preventing life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Identification of mutations in genes encoding desmosomal proteins and in other genes has led to insights into the disease pathogenesis and greatly facilitated identification of family members at risk. The disease phenotype is, however, highly variable and characterized by incomplete penetrance. Although the reasons are still poorly understood, sex, endurance exercise and a gene-dosage effect seem to play a role in these phenomena. The discovery of the genes and mutations implicated in ACM has allowed animal and cellular models to be generated, enabling researchers to start unravelling it's underlying molecular mechanisms. Observations in humans and in animal models suggest that reduced cell-cell adhesion affects gap junction and ion channel remodelling at the intercalated disc, and along with impaired desmosomal function, these can lead to perturbations in signalling cascades like the Wnt/ß-catenin and Hippo/YAP pathways. Perturbations of these pathways are also thought to lead to fibro-fatty replacement. A better understanding of the molecular processes may lead to new therapies that target specific pathways involved in ACM.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Mutação , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Remodelação Ventricular , Animais , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/genética , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/mortalidade , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Função Ventricular Esquerda/genética , Função Ventricular Direita/genética , Remodelação Ventricular/genética
10.
Circ Cardiovasc Genet ; 10(4)2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28790152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interpretation of missense variants can be especially difficult when the variant is also found in control populations. This is what we encountered for the LMNA c.992G>A (p.(Arg331Gln)) variant. Therefore, to evaluate the effect of this variant, we combined an evaluation of clinical data with functional experiments and morphological studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data of 23 probands and 35 family members carrying this variant were retrospectively collected. A time-to-event analysis was performed to compare the course of the disease with carriers of other LMNA mutations. Myocardial biopsies were studied with electron microscopy and by measuring force development of the sarcomeres. Morphology of the nuclear envelope was assessed with immunofluorescence on cultured fibroblasts. The phenotype in probands and family members was characterized by atrioventricular conduction disturbances (61% and 44%, respectively), supraventricular arrhythmias (69% and 52%, respectively), and dilated cardiomyopathy (74% and 14%, respectively). LMNA p.(Arg331Gln) carriers had a significantly better outcome regarding the composite end point (malignant ventricular arrhythmias, end-stage heart failure, or death) compared with carriers of other pathogenic LMNA mutations. A shared haplotype of 1 Mb around LMNA suggested a common founder. The combined logarithm of the odds score was 3.46. Force development in membrane-permeabilized cardiomyocytes was reduced because of decreased myofibril density. Structural nuclear LMNA-associated envelope abnormalities, that is, blebs, were confirmed by electron microscopy and immunofluorescence microscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical, morphological, functional, haplotype, and segregation data all indicate that LMNA p.(Arg331Gln) is a pathogenic founder mutation with a phenotype reminiscent of other LMNA mutations but with a more benign course.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/genética , Lamina Tipo A/genética , Adulto , Núcleo Celular/patologia , Núcleo Celular/ultraestrutura , Estudos de Coortes , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Efeito Fundador , Haplótipos , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/patologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Membrana Nuclear/patologia , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcômeros/fisiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 30: 23-26, 2017 Sep - Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28759816

RESUMO

Phospholamban (PLN) p.Arg14del cardiomyopathy is associated with an increased risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and severe heart failure and a poor prognosis from late adolescence. It can be diagnosed in whole heart specimens, but rarely in right ventricular biopsy specimens, by PLN immunohistochemistry showing PLN-containing aggregates concentrated in cardiomyocytes in dense perinuclear aggresomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PLN immunohistochemistry can be used to diagnose PLN p.Arg14del cardiomyopathy using apical left ventricular myocardial specimens harvested during left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. At that stage, a genetic diagnosis, which may guide treatment and referral of family members for further investigation, is frequently not established yet. Included were myocardial specimens from 30 diverse genetic cardiomyopathy cases with known variants (9 carriers of the pathogenic PLN p.Arg14del variant, 18 cases with other pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in cardiomyopathy-related genes, and 3 with only variants of unknown significance). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed typical dense perinuclear globular PLN-positive aggregates, representing aggresomes, in all nine PLN p.Arg14del cases. In 20 non-PLN cases, PLN-staining was absent. In one non-PLN case, one of the two independent observers misinterpreted PLN staining of heavily wrinkled nuclear membranes of cardiomyocytes as perinuclear PLN aggregates. In this genetic cardiomyopathy cohort, PLN Immunohistochemical analysis in LVAD biopsies was found to be a highly sensitive (100%) and specific (95%) method for demonstration of PLN protein aggregates in PLN p.Arg14del cardiomyopathy. In clinical practice, PLN immunohistochemical analysis of LVAD specimens can be of incremental value in the diagnostic workup of this cardiomyopathy, even more so if genetic analysis is not readily available.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Proteínas Mutantes/genética , Proteínas Mutantes/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/metabolismo , Biópsia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/metabolismo , Testes Genéticos , Variação Genética , Coração Auxiliar , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/estatística & dados numéricos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/genética , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/metabolismo , Deleção de Sequência
12.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 19(4): 512-521, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27813223

RESUMO

AIMS: Truncating titin mutations (tTTN) occur in 25% of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) cases, but the phenotype and severity of disease they cause have not yet been systematically studied. We studied whether tTTN variants are associated with a clinically distinguishable form of DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared clinical data on DCM probands and relatives with a tTTN mutation (n = 45, n = 73), LMNA mutation (n = 28, n = 29), and probands who tested negative for both genes [idiopathic DCM (iDCM); n = 60]. Median follow-up was at least 2.5 years in each group. TTN subjects presented with DCM at higher age than LMNA subjects (probands 47.9 vs. 40.4 years, P = 0.004; relatives 59.8 vs. 47.0 years, P = 0.01), less often developed LVEF <35% [probands hazard ratio (HR) 0.38, P = 0.002], had higher age of death (probands 70.4 vs. 59.4 years, P < 0.001; relatives 74.1 vs. 58.4 years, P = 0.008), and had better composite outcome (malignant ventricular arrhythmia, heart transplantation, or death; probands HR 0.09, P < 0.001; relatives HR 0.21, P = 0.02) than LMNA subjects and iDCM subjects (HR 0.36, P = 0.07). An LVEF increase of at least 10% occurred in 46.9% of TTN subjects after initiation of standard heart failure treatment, while this only occurred in 6.5% of LMNA subjects (P < 0.001) and 18.5% of iDCM subjects (P = 0.02). This was confirmed in families with co-segregation, in which the 10% point LVEF increase occurred in 55.6% of subjects (P = 0.003 vs. LMNA, P = 0.079 vs. iDCM). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that tTTN-associated DCM is less severe at presentation and more amenable to standard therapy than LMNA mutation-induced DCM or iDCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Conectina/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Transplante de Coração , Coração Auxiliar , Humanos , Lamina Tipo A/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Mutação , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico
13.
Stem Cells Dev ; 23(24): 2950-8, 2014 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25036092

RESUMO

Bone defect healing is highly dependent on the simultaneous stimulation of osteogenesis and vascularization. In bone regenerative strategies, combined seeding of multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) proves their mutual stimulatory effects. Here, we investigated whether stromal-cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) stimulates vascularization by EPCs and whether SDF-1α could replace seeded cells in ectopic bone formation. Late EPCs of goat origin were characterized for their endothelial phenotype and showed to be responsive to SDF-1α in in vitro migration assays. Subsequently, subcutaneous implantation of Matrigel plugs that contained both EPCs and SDF-1α showed more tubule formation than constructs containing either EPCs or SDF-1α. Addition of either EPCs or SDF-1α to MSC-based constructs showed even more elaborate vascular networks after 1 week in vivo, with SDF-1α/MSC-laden groups showing more prominent interconnected networks than EPC/MSC-laden groups. The presence of abundant mouse-specific CD31/PECAM expression in these constructs confirmed ingrowth of murine vessels and discriminated between angiogenesis and vessel networks formed by seeded goat cells. Importantly, implantation of EPC/MSC or SDF-1α/MSC constructs resulted in indistinguishable ectopic bone formation. In both groups, bone onset was apparent at week 3 of implantation. Taken together, we demonstrated that SDF-1α stimulated the migration of EPCs in vitro and vascularization in vivo. Further, SDF-1α addition was as effective as EPCs in inducing the formation of vascularized ectopic bone based on MSC-seeded constructs, suggesting a cell-replacement role for SDF-1α. These results hold promise for the design of larger centimeter-scale, cell-free vascular bone grafts.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Quimiocina CXCL12/farmacologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Animais , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Cabras , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA