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1.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 28: 10760296211072820, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) often present with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Conditions of compromised cardiovascular health such as atrial fibrillation (AFIB) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) may alter biomarker levels in a way that reflects worsening ESRD. This study profiled biomarkers and laboratory parameters of endothelium dysfunction in patients with ESRD, categorized by additional AFIB and PAD conditions. METHODS: Citrated blood samples were collected from 95 patients with ESRD. Biomarker levels were measured from plasma samples using sandwich ELISAs, including tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), D-dimer, and nitrotyrosine. Lab parameters, including BUN, calcium, creatinine, parathyroid hormone, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, ferritin, transferrin, and total iron capacity, and patient comorbidities were obtained from patient medical records. The comorbidities were determined through provider notes, and evidence of applicable testing. RESULTS: 14.89% of patients were found to have atrial fibrillation (n = 14), 30.85% of patients were found to have peripheral arterial disease (n = 29), and 6.38% of patients were found to have both peripheral arterial disease and atrial fibrillation (n = 6). When compared to patients with only ESRD, patients with ESRD and PAD showed elevated levels of D-Dimer (p = .0314) and nitrotyrosine (p = .0330). When compared to patients with only ESRD, patients with atrial fibrillation showed elevated levels of D-Dimer (p = .0372), nitrotyrosine (p = .0322), and tPA (p = .0198). CONCLUSION: When compared to patients with just ESRD, patients with concomitant PAD had elevated levels of Nitrotyrosine and D-dimer; while patients with concomitant Afib had elevated levels of nitrotyrosine, D-dimer, as well as tPA.

2.
Acupunct Med ; : 9645284211055754, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856826

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Stable angina is ischemic chest pain on exertion or with emotional stress. Despite guideline-directed therapy, up to 30% of patients have suboptimal pain relief. The aims of this study were to: (1) determine the feasibility and acceptability of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture; and (2) evaluate preliminary efficacy of acupuncture with respect to reduction of pain and increased functional status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Participants with stable angina for ⩾1 month received either a standardized acupuncture protocol, twice per week for 5 weeks, or an attention control protocol. Measures included the McGill Pain Questionnaire (average pain intensity (API), pain now) and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire-7 (functional status, symptoms, and HRQoL). Feasibility was defined as ⩾80% recruitment, ⩾75% retention following enrollment, and ⩾80% completion. Descriptive statistics and mixed-effects linear regression were used for analysis. RESULTS: The sample (n = 24) had a mean age of 59 ± 12 years, was predominantly female (63%), and represented minority groups (8% White, 52% Black, 33% Hispanic, and 8% Other). Feasibility was supported by 79% retention and 89% completion rates. The recruitment rate (68%) was slightly lower than expected. Acceptability scores were 87.9% for the acupuncture group and 51.7% for the control group. Outcomes were significantly better for the acupuncture versus control groups (API, b = -2.1 (1.1), p = 0.047; functional status, b = 27.6 (7.2), p < 0.001; and HRQoL, b = 38.8 (11.9), p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Acupuncture was feasible and acceptable in our diverse sample. We were slightly under the recruitment target of 80%, but participants who started the study had a high likelihood of completing it. Acupuncture shows promise for stable angina, but its effectiveness needs to be confirmed by a larger, adequately powered RCT. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02914834 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

3.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211050358, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713728

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers play an important role in the pathogenesis of lymphoma. We aimed to characterize the interrelationship of thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers and blood cellular indices in lymphoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight lymphoma patient samples were collected from Lymphoma Center of Clinic of Hematology, University of Belgrade, Serbia. Normal controls (n = 50) represented plasma from healthy individuals. Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), D-Dimer, factor XIII, C-reactive protein (CRP), microparticles (Mp), Von Willebrand factor (vWF), total protein S, urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), tumor necrosis factor (TNFα), ß2-glycoprotein I (ß2GPI), and fibronectin levels were measured utilizing commercially-available ELISA methods. Thrombin generation profile (TGA) was measured using a fluorometric kinetic assay. Platelets, leukocytes, lymphocytes, and neutrophils were measured in conjunction with the complete blood profile. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were noted in levels of PAI-1, D-Dimer, factor XIII, CRP, microparticles, vWF, uPA, TNFα, ß2GPI, fibronectin, and TGA when compared to normal (all P values < .001). Platelet to leukocyte ratio (PLA) correlated to TNFα and fibronectin (R = -0.31 and -0.53, respectively) and the platelet to neutrophil ratio (PNR) correlated to factor XIII and ß2GPI (R = 0.40 and 0.40, respectively). CONCLUSION: Plasma samples from lymphoma patients demonstrated a significantly altered thrombo-inflammatory biomarker profile that has notable correlations to blood cellular indices.

4.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211013107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969714

RESUMO

The complex pathophysiology of pulmonary embolism (PE) involves hemostatic activation, inflammatory processes, cellular dysfunction, and hemodynamic derangements. Due to the heterogeneity of this disease, risk stratification and diagnosis remains challenging. Biochip-array technology provides an integrated high throughput method for analyzing blood plasma samples for the simultaneous measurement of multiple biomarkers for potential risk stratification. Using biochip-array method, this study aimed to quantify the inflammatory biomarkers such as interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in 109 clinically confirmed PE patients in comparison to the control group comprised of plasma samples collected from 48 healthy subjects. Cytokines IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1ß, and MCP-1 demonstrated varying level of significant increase (P < 0.05) in massive-risk PE patients compared to submassive- and low-risk PE patients. The upregulation of inflammatory cytokines in PE patients observed in this study suggest that inflammation plays an important role in the overall pathophysiology of this disease. The application of biochip-array technology may provide a useful approach to evaluate these biomarkers to understand the pathogenesis and risk stratification of PE patients.


Assuntos
Inflamação/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Proteínas/métodos , Embolia Pulmonar/genética , Citocinas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/patologia , Regulação para Cima
5.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 1076029621987614, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000837

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which joint cartilage and bone degenerate progressively over time. Total joint arthroplasty is a definitive treatment. Cortisol is a hormone that is associated with pain and inflammation. This study aims to investigate the cortisol levels in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty. Plasma samples were collected from 71 total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients at baseline (pre-surgery), 24 hours post-operation, and 5 days post-operation. Cortisol levels were measured in each sample using a commercially available ELISA kit. All results were compiled as group means ± SD. The plasma cortisol level at baseline were 218.5 ± 12 ng/mL. The 24-hour post-surgical samples showed a marked increase in cortisol levels 240.7 ± 15 ng/mL. The blood samples drawn at the 5th day after surgery showed a downward trend (74 ± 12 ng/mL). At 5 days post-operation, cortisol levels were significantly lower than at baseline or 24 hours post-operation. These results point to the fact that prior to surgery, the patient's emotional stress contributes to increased serum cortisol levels. The higher level of cortisol persists at 24 hours post-operation due to inflammation from the procedure. This data also suggests that at 5 days post-operation, the inflammatory response from the surgery and emotional stress subside, resulting in a near normalization of the cortisol levels. Cortisol is a hormone that plays a major role in the body's response to surgery. The relevance between cortisol and different points in the surgical timeline has the potential to prognosticate and improve recovery measures.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Hidrocortisona/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/farmacologia
6.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211014964, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013785

RESUMO

Pulmonary embolism (PE) patients have an increased prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF). Because comorbid AF increases risk of morbidity and mortality, we sought to investigate the role of thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers in risk stratifying patients who experience an acute PE episode. Study participants were enrolled from a Pulmonary Embolism Response Team (PERT) registry between March 2016 and March 2019 at Loyola University Medical Center and Gottlieb Memorial Hospital. This cohort was divided into 3 groups: PE patients with a prior diagnosis of AF (n = 8), PE patients with a subsequent diagnosis of AF (n = 11), and PE patients who do not develop AF (n = 71). D-dimer, CRP, PAI-1, TAFIa, FXIIIa, A2A, MP, and TFPI were profiled using the ELISA method. All biomarkers were significantly different between controls and PE patients (P < 0.05). Furthermore, TFPI was significantly elevated in PE patients who subsequently developed AF compared to PE patients who did not develop AF (157.7 ± 19.0 ng/mL vs. 129.0 ± 9.3 ng/mL, P = 0.0386). This study suggests that thrombo-inflammatory biomarkers may be helpful in indicating an acute PE episode. Also, elevated TFPI levels may be associated with an increased risk of developing AF after a PE.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Inflamação/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Trombose/complicações , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Appl Lab Med ; 6(4): 820-833, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to evaluate the performance of the ACCU-CHEK® Inform II blood glucose monitoring system (Roche Diagnostics GmbH) compared with the perchloric acid hexokinase (PCA-HK) comparator method on the cobas® 6000 analyzer (Roche Diagnostics International Ltd) in critically ill patients. METHODS: Overall, 476 arterial (376 pediatric/adult, 100 neonate), 375 venous, and 100 neonatal heel-stick whole-blood samples were collected and evaluated from critical care settings at 10 US hospitals, including the emergency department, medical and surgical intensive care units (ICUs), and neonatal and pediatric ICUs. The ACCU-CHEK Inform II system was evaluated at 2 cutoff boundaries: boundary 1 was ≥95% of results within ±12 mg/dL of the reference (samples with blood glucose <75 mg/dL) or ±12% of the reference (glucose ≥75 mg/dL), and boundary 2 was ≥98% of results within ±15 mg/dL or ±15% of the reference. Clinical performance was assessed by evaluating sample data using Parkes error grid, Monte Carlo simulation, and sensitivity and specificity analyses to estimate clinical accuracy and implications for insulin dosing when using the ACCU-CHEK Inform II system. RESULTS: Proportions of results within evaluation boundaries 1 and 2, respectively, were 96% and 98% for venous samples, 94% and 97% for pediatric and adult arterial samples, 84% and 98% for neonatal arterial samples, and 96% and 100% for neonatal heel-stick samples. Clinical evaluation demonstrated high specificity and sensitivity, with low risk of potential insulin-dosing errors. CONCLUSIONS: The ACCU-CHEK Inform II system demonstrated clinically acceptable performance against the PCA-HK reference method for blood glucose monitoring in a diverse population of critically ill patients in US care settings.


Assuntos
Automonitorização da Glicemia , Glicemia , Adulto , Criança , Cuidados Críticos , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito
8.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211005544, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926250

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Currently used unfractionated heparins (UFHs) and low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are derived from porcine intestinal mucosa. However, heparins have also been manufactured from tissues of other mammalian species such as cow (Bovine) and sheep (Ovine). Protamine sulphate (PS) is an effective inhibitor of heparin and is used clinically to neutralize both LMWH and UFH. In this study, we determined the PS neutralization profile of these agents in non-human primate model using anti-Xa and anti-IIa methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: UFHs obtained from bovine, ovine and porcine mucosal tissues and their respective depolymerized LMWHs were administered at both, gravimetric (0.5 mg/kg) and potency adjusted (100 U/kg) dosages regimen intravenously to individual groups of primates in cross over studies. PS was administered at a fixed dosage and the relative neutralization of these anticoagulants was measured utilizing amidolytic anti-Xa and anti-IIa methods. RESULTS: These studies have demonstrated that, the equi-gravimetric dosages of BMH, PMH and OMH have comparable PS neutralization profiles. At potency adjusted dosages, all UFHs were completely neutralized by PS. Although comparable, the LMWHs were not fully neutralized by PS in both the anti-Xa and anti-IIa assays. PS was more efficient in neutralizing the anti-IIa effects of LMWHs. CONCLUSION: Heparins of diverse origins showed comparable neutralization profiles by PS in the amidolytic anti-Xa and anti-IIa assays.


Assuntos
Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Animais , Bovinos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/farmacologia , Primatas , Protaminas , Ovinos , Suínos
9.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 1076029621995569, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754883

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition marked by joint pain, inflammation and loss of articular cartilage, that can be treated with total joint arthroplasty (TJA) at end stages. TJA is marked by post-operative inflammation, which directly effects levels of cartilage degradation biomarkers, proteoglycan-4 (PRG4) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). PRG4 is a protective glycoprotein that is decreased in individuals with OA. MMP-9 is a matrix metalloproteinase that contributes to articular cartilage loss and is elevated in OA patients. It is upregulated by pro-inflammatory markers, such as IL-1, IL-6 and CRP. This study aims to elucidate the immediate post-operative changes in levels of PRG4, MMP-9, IL-6, CRP, and WBC in patients undergoing TJA to clarify the role of inflammation in recovery after surgery and in the overall pathogenesis of OA. Blood was collected at 3 time points (day 0, day 1 post-operatively, and days 5-7 post-operatively), from 63 patients undergoing TJA due to OA, and levels of these biomarkers were quantified. IL-6, CRP, WBC and MMP-9 were lowest at day 0, highest at day 1, and stabilized at an intermediate level at days 5-7. Meanwhile, PRG4 followed the opposite trend. These studies suggest that IL-6, CRP and WBC showed predictable fluctuations, with pro-inflammatory biomarkers upregulating MMP-9 and downregulating PRG4. Measuring these biomarkers may help expose the role of inflammation in the post-surgical recovery of TJA patients and in long-term pathogenesis of OA. These levels may help risk stratify patients pre-operatively and help develop individualized post-surgical plans.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Inflamação/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/enzimologia , Masculino , Osteoartrite/enzimologia
10.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 1076029620943300, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586482

RESUMO

Sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is related to marked hemostatic changes such as transient thrombocytopenia secondary to the endogenous activation and consumption of platelets. This study measured markers of platelet function in 103 adult ICU patients with clinically established sepsis-associated DIC to determine the biomarker association with disease severity. Patients were categorized as having no DIC, nonovert DIC, or overt DIC using the International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis scoring system. Plasma levels of CD40L, platelet factor 4 (PF4), platelet-derived microparticles, and microparticle-associated tissue factor were quantified. Markers of platelet activation were significantly elevated in patients with DIC compared to healthy individuals. This increase was independent of platelet count. Levels of PF4 differed based on the severity of DIC and differentiated nonsurvivors and survivors. These findings suggest that the markers of platelet activation in DIC may not be regulated by the number of circulating platelets and may be independent of the factors leading to their consumption.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/diagnóstico , Ativação Plaquetária , Fator Plaquetário 4/sangue , Sepse/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ligante de CD40/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/sangue , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/etiologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tromboplastina/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 1076029620950831, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560872

RESUMO

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions (SCARS) characterized by fever and mucocutaneous lesions leading to necrosis and sloughing of the epidermis. Conjunctival lesions are reported in 85% of patients. The pathogenesis of SJS/TEN/SCARS is not completely understood. It is hypothesized that IL-13, IL-15 and Granulysin expressed in plasma and skin may play a role. We measured the circulating levels of these cytokines in the plasma using ELISA and their expression in the skin using immunofluorescence microscopy. A total of 12 SJS/TEN skin biopsy samples (8 SJS, 2 SJS/TEN overlap and 2 TEN) were analyzed. Biopsy samples from patients with Lichen Planus (an inflammatory condition of the skin and mucous membranes) served as controls. Studies were also performed in human corneal epithelial cells where expression of these cytokines were measured following a challenge with TNF-α (0, 1, 10 and 100 ng/ml). The intensity of immunofluorescence was measured Using Imaris® software. The results showed significantly increased expression of these cytokines in the skin biopsy samples as measured by the average intensities of IL-13 (6.1 x 133.0 ± 4.231 x 10^8), and Granulysin (4.2 x 123.0 ± 4.231 x 10^8) compared to Lichen planus control (3.0 x 123.0 ±1.62 x 10^5). Increased expression of IL-13 and IL-15 were noted in cell culture studies and in the plasma samples when compared to Normal Human Plasma as controls. It is concluded that IL-13, IL-15 and Granulysin play a role in the pathogenesis of SJS/TEN.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/sangue , Interleucina-13/sangue , Interleucina-15/sangue , Pele/metabolismo , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Epitélio Corneano/metabolismo , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pele/patologia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/diagnóstico , Regulação para Cima
12.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620983466, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372544

RESUMO

The prevalence of thrombosis in lymphoma patients is reportedly high and ranges from 3-10%. Vascular malfunction and inflammatory processes further contribute to the thrombotic activation process in these patients. Andexanet alfa (AA) is an antidote for factor Xa inhibitors and its usage has been reported with thrombotic complications. This study was designed to compare the effect of AA on the thrombin generation (TG) potential. Blood samples from 78 patients with confirmed diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) were collected from the University of Belgrade Clinic, Serbia. Normal human plasma (NHP) was used for referencing purposes. Individual samples were supplemented with AA at 100 ug/ml. TG studies were carried out using a commercially available fluorogenic substrate method. TG parameters such as peak thrombin (PT), lag time (LT) and area under the curve (AUC) were compiled. Cumulatively, lymphoma patients showed an increase in LT compared to NHP which decreases with AA. The PT and AUC levels were decreased compared to NHP and increases with AA. Upon sub-grouping of lymphoma patients, PT levels for all sub-groups were increased with AA. The AUC values increased for HL and NHL and decreased for CLL with AA. Variations in lag time were noted in all 3 sub-groups. Lymphoma represents a heterogenous group of patients where both the hypercoagulable state and inflammatory responses simultaneously occur. Increased thrombin generation in post AA supplemented samples suggest that the use of this agent may potentially be associated with thrombotic complications.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Xa/farmacologia , Doença de Hodgkin/sangue , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/sangue , Linfoma não Hodgkin/sangue , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/complicações , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Linfoma não Hodgkin/complicações , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Trombina/análise , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Trombose/etiologia
13.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620964864, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350314

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage, inflammation and pain, which sometimes necessitates total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Profiling biomarkers of cartilage degradation and inflammation is a promising area of research to understand the pathogenesis of OA. This study aims to report the post-operative fluctuations of 3 biomarkers of OA, osteopontin (OPN), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and ADAMTS4 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4), in patients undergoing TJA to further define the interaction among these biomarkers and delineate their role in OA pathogenesis. OPN is an extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein with increased activity in OA and joint damage and is upregulated by either inflammation or cleavage by MMPs and thrombin. MMP-9 is known to cleave OPN and is upregulated by inflammatory markers, such as IL-1, IL-6 and CRP. ADAMTS4 is an enzyme that degrades aggrecan, a major component of cartilage. These biomarkers were measured in deidentified blood samples collected on the day of surgery, 1 day post-operatively, and day 5-7 post-operatively. MMP-9 and OPN levels were significantly elevated at all times, and ADAMTS4 was significantly decreased at baseline versus controls. OPN and ADAMTS4 inversely fluctuated post-operatively, indicating an interrelation between these 2 biomarkers. This study suggests that the upregulation of MMP-9 and therefore OPN then results in the downregulation of ADAMTS4. The relationship between OPN and thrombin also highlights the importance of monitoring for thrombotic complications. These biomarkers, along with thrombin-mediated cleavage products, may be helpful in the prognostic management of OA patients.


Assuntos
Proteína ADAMTS4/sangue , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/sangue , Osteoartrite/sangue , Osteopontina/sangue , Proteína ADAMTS4/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Período Pós-Operatório
14.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620951851, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034200

RESUMO

Unfractionated heparin (UFH) is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan that consists of repeating disaccharides, containing iduronic acid (or glucuronic acid) and glucosamine, exhibiting variable degrees of sulfation. UFHs release tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) which inhibits the extrinsic pathway of coagulation by inactivating factor Xa and the factor VIIa/TF complex. Most heparins used clinically are derived from porcine intestinal mucosa however, heparins can also be derived from tissues of bovine and ovine origin. Currently there are some concerns about the shortage of the porcine heparins as they are widely used in the manufacturing of the low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs). Moreover, due to cultural and religious reasons in some countries, alternative sources of heparins are needed. Bovine mucosal heparins (BMH) are currently being developed for re-introduction to the US market for both medical and surgical indications. Compared to porcine mucosal heparin (PMH), BMH exhibits a somewhat weaker anti-coagulant activity. In this study, we determined the TFPI antigen level following administration of various dosages of UFHs from different origins. These studies demonstrated that IV administration of equigravemetric dosages of PMH and ovine mucosal heparin (OMH) to non-human primates resulted in comparable TFPI antigen release from endothelial cells. In addition, the levels of TFPI were significantly higher than TFPI antigen levels observed after BMH administration. Potency adjusted dosing resulted in comparable TFPI release profiles for all 3 heparins. Therefore, such dosing may provide uniform levels of anticoagulation for the parenteral indications for UFHs. These observations warrant further clinical validation in specific indications.


Assuntos
Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/metabolismo , Administração Intravenosa , Animais , Bovinos , Haplorrinos , Humanos , Primatas , Ovinos , Suínos
15.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620954913, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030036

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sulodexide represents a mixture of fast-moving heparin (FMH) and dermatan sulfate (DS) and has been used for the management of venous diseases such as DVT and related disorders. The purpose of this study is to compare sulodexide and its components with unfractionated heparin (UFH) to determine its suitability for the indications in which UFH is used. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) versions of sulodexide, FMH and DS were obtained from Alfasigma. API versions of UFH were obtained from Medefil Inc. Normal human citrated plasma was obtained from blood bank of the Loyola University Medical Center. Each of the individual agents were supplemented in plasma at a graded concentration of 0.0-10 µg/mL. Clotting assays (PiCT, aPTT, PT and TT), anti-Xa and anti-IIa and thrombin generation studies were carried out. Results were compiled as mean ± SD of 3 individual determination. RESULT: In the clot based (PiCT, aPTT and TT), anti-Xa and IIa assays, both the UFH and FMH produced stronger activities in these assays followed by sulodexide. DS did not show any anticoagulant activity. In the thrombin generation assay, FMH and UFH produced comparable inhibition of thrombin generation as measured by various parameters. Sulodexide was slightly weaker in this assay, whereas DS produced relatively weaker effects. CONCLUSION: In comparison to sulodexide, both UFH and FMH exhibit comparable anticoagulant activity despite differences in their molecular weight. These results suggest that sulodexide can be developed as a parenteral anticoagulant for indications in which UFH is used.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosaminoglicanos/farmacologia , Trombina/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Antitrombinas/administração & dosagem , Antitrombinas/farmacologia , Glicosaminoglicanos/administração & dosagem , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Heparina/farmacologia , Humanos , Itália , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Trombina/administração & dosagem
16.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620960820, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996340

RESUMO

Low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) represent depolymerized heparin prepared by various methods that exhibit differential, biochemical and pharmacological profiles. Enoxaparin is prepared by benzylation followed by alkaline depolymerization of porcine heparin. Upon the expiration of its patent, several biosimilar versions of enoxaparin have become available. Heparinox (Sodic enoxaparine; Cristália Produtos Químicos Farmacêuticos LTDA, Sao Paulo, Brazil) is a new biosimilar form of enoxaparin. We assessed the molecular weight and the biochemical profile of Heparinox and compared its properties to the original branded enoxaparin (Lovenox; Sanofi, Paris, France). Clotting profiles compared included activated clotting time, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), and thrombin time (TT). Anti-protease assays included anti-factor Xa and anti-factor IIa activities. Thrombin generation was measured using a calibrated automated thrombogram and thrombokinetic profile included peak thrombin, lag time and area under the curve. USP potency was determined using commercially available assay kits. Molecular weight profiling was determined using high performance liquid chromatography. We determined that Heparinox and Lovenox were comparable in their molecular weight profile. Th anticoagulant profile of the branded and biosimilar version were also similar in the clot based aPTT and TT. Similarly, the anti-Xa and anti-IIa activities were comparable in the products. No differences were noted in the thrombin generation inhibitory profile of the branded and biosimilar versions of enoxaparin. Our studies suggest that Heparinox is bioequivalent to the original branded enoxaparin based upon in vitro tests however will require further in vivo studies in animal models and humans to determine their clinical bioequivalence.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea/métodos , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Enoxaparina/farmacologia , Humanos
17.
J Psychiatr Res ; 129: 189-197, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of Bipolar Disorder Depression (BDD) and altered levels of inflammatory mediators, such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1, aka CCL2) have been reported. This study reports specifically on MCP-1 levels, as a potential marker of BDD and/or treatment response in patients receiving combination treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, celecoxib (CBX). METHODS: In this randomized, 10-week, double-blind, two-arm, placebo-controlled study, 47 patients with treatment resistant BDD received either escitalopram (ESC) + CBX, or ESC + placebo (PBO). Plasma MCP-1 levels were measured at 3 time points in the BDD subjects, and in a healthy control (HC) group. Depression severity was quantified using the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-17). RESULTS: The CBX group had significantly lower HAMD-17 scores vs. PBO at week 4 (P = 0.026) and week 8 (P = 0.002). MCP-1 levels were not significantly different in BDD vs. HC subjects at baseline (P = 0.588), nor in CBX vs. PBO groups at week 8 (P = 0.929). Week 8 HAMD-17 scores and MCP-1 levels were significantly negatively correlated in treatment non-responders to CBX or PBO (P = 0.050). Non-responders had significantly lower MCP-1 levels vs. responders at weeks 4 (P = 0.049) and 8 (P = 0.014). MCP-1 was positively correlated with pro-inflammatory analytes in the PBO group and with anti-inflammatory analytes in the CBX group. CONCLUSIONS: Combination treatment reduced treatment resistance and augmented antidepressant response. Baseline plasma MCP-1 levels were not altered in BDD patients. Since non-responders had lower levels of MCP-1, elevated MCP-1 may indicate a better response to CBX + SSRI treatment.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Bipolar/tratamento farmacológico , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Quimiocina CCL2 , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Crit Care Med ; 48(8): 1140-1147, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin treatment on 28-day all-cause mortality in subgroups categorized by baseline coagulation biomarker levels (prothrombin fragment 1.2, thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimer) in patients with sepsis-associated coagulopathy in the Sepsis Coagulopathy Asahi Recombinant LE Thrombomodulin trial (SCARLET) (NCT01598831). DESIGN: Post hoc, subgroup analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational, multicenter phase 3 study. SETTING: ICUs at 159 sites in 26 countries. PATIENTS: Eight-hundred adults with sepsis-associated coagulopathy defined as international normalized ratio greater than 1.40 and platelet count between 30 × 10/L and 150 × 10/L or greater than 30% decrease within 24 hours with concomitant cardiovascular and/or respiratory failure. INTERVENTIONS: Patients randomized and treated with recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (0.06 mg/kg/d; n = 395) or equivalent placebo (n = 405) for 6 days. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin did not significantly reduce 28-day all-cause mortality in the Sepsis Coagulopathy Asahi Recombinant LE Thrombomodulin trial: absolute risk reduction was 2.55% (p = 0.32) in patients with sepsis-associated coagulopathy. In this post hoc analysis, mortality steadily increased with increasing baseline prothrombin fragment 1.2 and thrombin-antithrombin complex levels in the placebo group; for those values exceeding the upper limit of normal, the mortality increases in the recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin group were lower or negligible with increasing baseline prothrombin fragment 1.2 and thrombin-antithrombin complex. Consequently, absolute risk reductions were greater in subgroups with higher baseline prothrombin fragment 1.2 or thrombin-antithrombin complex. Absolute risk reductions were also greater in subgroups with baseline coagulation biomarker levels at or above median of the entire study population, ranging from 4.2% (95% CI, -5.0% to 13.4%) to 5.5% (95% CI, -4.0% to 14.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with patients receiving placebo, patients treated with recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin having higher baseline thrombin generation biomarker levels had lower mortality. Further research regarding the predictive role of coagulation biomarkers for recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin treatment response in sepsis-associated coagulopathy is warranted to evaluate clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/complicações , Trombomodulina/uso terapêutico , APACHE , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/mortalidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Contagem de Plaquetas , Protrombina , Proteínas Recombinantes , Sepse/mortalidade , Trombina/análise
19.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620932228, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539447

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease and infection are the leading causes of mortality in patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis (CKD5-HD). Inflammation is a large component in the pathogenesis of both atrial fibrillation (AF) and sepsis and may link these conditions in CKD5-HD. Procalcitonin (PCT) is an inflammatory biomarker elevated in systemic infection and CKD5-HD, yet its value with regard to comorbid AF has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study sought to evaluate circulating inflammatory markers, including PCT, Angiopoietin-1, Angiopoetin-2, CD40-L, C-reactive protein, d-dimer, and von Willebrand factor in relation to these conditions. Plasma levels of inflammatory markers were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method in CKD5-HD (n = 97) patients and controls (n = 50). Procalcitonin levels were significantly elevated (P = .0270) in CKD5-HD with comorbid AF compared to those without AF. Further analysis of patients with a history of sepsis demonstrated significantly elevated levels of PCT (P = .0405) in those with comorbid AF (160.7 ± 39.5 pg/mL) compared to those without AF (117.4 ± 25.3 pg/mL). This study demonstrates that the inflammatory biomarker PCT is further elevated in the presence of both AF and a history of sepsis in hemodialysis patients and suggests that underlying chronic inflammation following sepsis resolution may place these patients at greater risk of developing AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Sepse/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
20.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 26: 1076029620902849, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129085

RESUMO

Sepsis is a systemic response to infection with a high rate of mortality and complex pathophysiology involving inflammation, infection response, hemostasis, endothelium, and platelets. The purpose of this study was to develop an equation incorporating biomarker levels at intensive care unit (ICU) admission to predict mortality in patients with sepsis, based on the hypothesis that a combination of biomarkers representative of multiple physiological systems would provide improved predictive value. Plasma samples and clinical data were collected from 103 adult patients with sepsis at the time of ICU admission. Biomarker levels were measured using commercially available methods. A 28-day mortality was used as the primary end point. Stepwise linear regression modeling was performed to generate a predictive equation for mortality. Differences in biomarker levels between survivors were quantified using the Mann-Whitney test and the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) was used to describe predictive ability. Significant differences (P < .05) were observed between survivors and nonsurvivors for plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (AUC = 0.70), procalcitonin (AUC = 0.77), high mobility group box 1 (AUC = 0.67), interleukin (IL) 6 (AUC = 0.70), IL-8 (AUC = 0.70), protein C (AUC = 0.71), angiopoietin-2 (AUC = 0.76), endocan (AUC = 0.58), and platelet factor 4 (AUC = 0.70). A predictive equation for mortality was generated using stepwise linear regression modeling, which incorporated procalcitonin, vascular endothelial growth factor, the IL-6:IL-10 ratio, endocan, and platelet factor 4, and demonstrated a better predictive value for patient outcome than any individual biomarker (AUC = 0.87). The use of mathematical modeling resulted in the development of a predictive equation for sepsis-associated mortality with performance than any individual biomarker or clinical scoring system which incorporated biomarkers representative of multiple systems.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/mortalidade , Sepse/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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