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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 464: 132931, 2024 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37979427

RESUMO

The uncontrolled release of harmful metal/loids from mega-scale shipbreaking activities in Bangladesh is a significant concern. This study investigated the impact of shipbreaking activities on soil and crop quality and human health in relation to metal/loid contamination. This work covered an area of 1221 km2 surrounding the shipbreaking yards in Chittagong during the wet and dry seasons between 2019 and 2020. Amongst the sixteen elements measured, the concentrations of Pb, Cd, As, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Sn in the soil, rice, and vegetables from the four exposure sites were significantly higher compared to the control site in both seasons. Soil pollution indices indicated moderate to higher contamination levels of Pb, Zn, Cd, As, and Se in 30-50% of soil, supporting their accumulation in food crops. Source apportionment analysis identified uncontrolled shipwrecking operations as the primary anthropogenic activity mainly contributing to metal/loid pollution. Health risk analysis showed inorganic arsenic (estimated), Cd, and Pb in food crops could pose potential health threats to the general population. Spinach leaf and gourd were identified as the highest-risk contributing vegetables in the dry and wet seasons. These findings help to inform management strategies to protect agroecosystems and public health.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo , Monitoramento Ambiental , Bangladesh , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/análise , Chumbo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Verduras , Produtos Agrícolas , Medição de Risco , China
2.
Curr Res Toxicol ; 5: 100114, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37554151

RESUMO

The current study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of fenugreek seed powder against As-induced neurobehavioral and biochemical perturbations using a mouse model. Mice exposed to arsenic at 10 mg/kg body weight showed development of anxiety-like behavior and memory impairment compared to control mice in elevated plus maze and Morris water maze tests, respectively. A significantly decreased acetyl and butyrylcholinesterase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione reductase activities and brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels were found in the brain of arsenic-exposed mice compared to control mice. Interestingly, supplementation of fenugreek seed powder to arsenic-treated mice significantly restored the activity of cholinesterase and antioxidant enzymes (e.g. superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase) as well as brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in the brain tissue of arsenic-exposed mice. Consequently, reduced anxiety-like behavior, improved learning and memory were observed in fenugreek supplemented arsenic treated mice compared to only arsenic-exposed mice group. Thus, this study suggests that fenugreek seed powder reduces arsenic-induced neurotoxicity in mice.

3.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(23)2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36501247

RESUMO

Ornamentals come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors to suit a wide range of climates, landscapes, and gardening needs. Compared to demand, a shortage of plant materials and diversity force the search for solutions for their constant acquisition and improvement to increase their commercial value, respectively. In vitro cultures are a suitable solution to meet expectations using callus culture, somatic embryogenesis, protoplast culture, and the organogenesis of protocorm-like bodies; many of these techniques are commercially practiced. Factors such as culture media, explants, carbohydrates, plant growth regulators, and light are associated with the success of in vitro propagation. Techniques, especially embryo rescue and somatic hybridization, are widely used to improve ornamentals. The development of synthetic seed allows season-independent seed production and preservation in the long term. Despite the advantages of propagation and the improvement of ornamentals, many barriers still need to be resolved. In contrast to propagation and crop developmental studies, there is also a high scope for molecular studies, especially epigenetic changes caused by plant tissue culture of ornamentals. In this review, we have accumulated and discussed an overall update on cultivation factors, propagation techniques in ornamental plant tissue culture, in vitro plant improvement techniques, and future perspectives.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(24)2022 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560343

RESUMO

Wear and corrosion are common issues of material degradation and failure in industrial appliances. Wear is a damaging process that can impact surface contacts and, more specifically, can cause the loss and distortion of material from a surface because of the contacting object's mechanical action via motion. More wear occurs during the process of corrosion, in which oxide particles or debris are released from the contacting material. These types of wear debris and accumulated oxide particles released during corrosion cause a combination of wear-corrosion processes. Bringing together the fields of tribology and corrosion research, tribocorrosion is a field of study which deals with mechanical and electrochemical interactions between bodies in motion. More specifically, it is the study of mechanisms caused by the combined effects of mechanical stress and chemical/electrochemical interactions with the environment. Tribocorrosion testing methods provide new opportunities for studying the electrochemical nature of corrosion combined with mechanical loading to establish a synergistic relationship between corrosion and wear. To improve tribological, mechanical, and anti-corrosion performances, several surface modification techniques are being applied to develop functional coatings with micro/nano features. This review of the literature explores recent and enlightening research into the tribocorrosive properties of micro/nano coatings. It also looks at recent discussions of the most common experimental methods and some newer, promising experimental methods in tribocorrosion to elucidate their applications in the field of micro/nano coatings.


Assuntos
Óxidos , Titânio , Corrosão , Movimento (Física) , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química
5.
Chemosphere ; 298: 134277, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35278445

RESUMO

Chronic exposure to arsenic via drinking water is a serious public health issue in many countries. Arsenic causes not only cancers but also non-malignant diseases, including asthma. We have previously reported that arsenic exposure increases the risk of Th2-mediated allergic asthma. The serum level of periostin, an extracellular matrix protein activated by Th2 cytokines, is recognized as a biomarker for Th2-mediated eosinophilic asthma and contributes to enhanced airway inflammation and remodeling. However, the role of periostin in arsenic-related asthma is unknown. Therefore, this study was designed to explore the associations of serum periostin levels with arsenic exposure and the features of asthma in 442 individuals in Bangladesh who participated in our previous study. Exposure levels of the participants were determined by measuring the arsenic concentrations in drinking water, hair, and nails through inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Periostin levels in serum were assessed by immunoassay. In this study, we found that serum periostin levels of the participants were increased with increasing exposure to arsenic. Notably, even the participants with 10.1-50 µg/L arsenic in drinking water had significantly higher levels of periostin than participants with <10 µg/L of water arsenic. Elevated serum periostin levels were positively associated with serum levels of Th2 mediators, such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, and eotaxin. Each log increase in periostin levels was associated with approximately eight- and three-fold increases in the odds ratios (ORs) for reversible airway obstruction (RAO) and asthma symptoms, respectively. Additionally, causal mediation analyses revealed that arsenic exposure metrics had both direct and indirect (periostin-mediated) effects on the risk of RAO and asthma symptoms. Thus, the results suggested that periostin may be involved in the arsenic-related pathogenesis of Th2-mediated asthma. The elevated serum periostin levels may predict the greater risk of asthma among the people living in arsenic-endemic areas.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Arsênico , Arsênio , Asma , Água Potável , Arsênio/análise , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Água Potável/análise , Humanos , Unhas/química
6.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 420: 115532, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845054

RESUMO

Limited information is available regarding the effects of arsenic exposure on immune function. We have recently reported that chronic exposure to As was associated asthma, as determined by spirometry and respiratory symptoms. Because T helper 2 (Th2)-driven immune responses are implicated in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, including asthma, we studied the associations of serum Th1 and Th2 mediators with the As exposure markers and the features of asthma among individuals exposed to As. A total of 553 blood samples were selected from the same study subjects recruited in our previous asthma study. Serum levels of Th1 and Th2 cytokines were analyzed by immunoassay. Subjects' arsenic exposure levels (drinking water, hair and nail arsenic concentrations) were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Arsenic exposure levels of the subjects showed significant positive associations with serum Th2-mediators- interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, and eotaxin without any significant changes in Th1 mediators- interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α. The ratios of Th2 to Th1 mediators were significantly increased with increasing exposure to As. Notably, most of the Th2 mediators were positively associated with serum levels of total immunoglobulin E and eotaxin. The serum levels of Th2 mediators were significantly higher in the subjects with asthma than those without asthma. The results of our study suggest that the exacerbated Th2-driven immune responses are involved in the increased susceptibility to allergic asthma among individuals chronically exposed to As.


Assuntos
Arsênio/efeitos adversos , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Citocinas/sangue , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Equilíbrio Th1-Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/imunologia , Asma/metabolismo , Bangladesh , Carga Corporal (Radioterapia) , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/metabolismo , Células Th2/imunologia , Células Th2/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
7.
Bioorg Chem ; 57: 121-126, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25462987

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a class of potential therapeutics for the treatment of cancer. Bicyclic tetrapeptides equipped with methoxymethyl ketone and boronic acid as zinc-binding group were designed and synthesized. The inhibitory activities of these compounds were evaluated against HDAC enzymes. The cell-free and cell-based assay data showed that both potency and selectivity changed with the change in zinc-binding group. Boronic acid-based compound showed poor activity whereas methoxymethyl ketone-based compound displayed impressive activity in both cell-free and cell-based conditions.


Assuntos
Ácidos Borônicos/química , Ácidos Borônicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Oligopeptídeos/química , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Cetonas/metabolismo , Metilação , Zinco/metabolismo
8.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 22(15): 3862-70, 2014 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25022972

RESUMO

Several histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibiting bicyclic tetrapeptides have been designed and synthesized through intramolecular ring-closing metathesis (RCM) reaction and peptide cyclization. We designed bicyclic tetrapeptides based on CHAP31, trapoxin B and HC-toxin I. The HDAC inhibitory and p21 promoter assay results showed that the aliphatic loop position as well as the hydrophobicity plays an important role toward the activity of the bicyclic tetrapeptide HDAC inhibitors.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Oligopeptídeos/química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/química , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Oligopeptídeos/síntese química , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/síntese química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica
9.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 22(15): 3850-5, 2014 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24997578

RESUMO

The naturally occurring cyclic depsipeptide, FK228 inhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes after reductive cleavage of intra-molecular disulfide bond. One of the sulfhydryl groups produced in the reduction interacts with zinc atom that involved in the catalytic mechanism of type 1 and 2 HDACs such as HDAC1, HDAC4, and HDAC6. In the present study, we describe the development of CHAP31, trapoxin B and HC-toxin based cyclic tetrapeptides with intra-molecular disulfide bond as HDAC inhibitors. The bicyclic tetrapeptides disulfide showed potent HDAC1 and HDAC4 inhibition and p21 promoting activity.

10.
Amino Acids ; 46(10): 2435-44, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25048030

RESUMO

Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a promising class of anticancer agents that have an effect on gene regulation. The naturally occurring cyclic depsipeptide FK228 containing disulfide and Largazole possessing thioester functionalities act as pro-drugs and share the same HDAC inhibition mechanism in cell. Inspired from these facts, we have reported bicyclic tetrapeptide disulfide HDAC inhibitors resembling FK228 with potent activity and enhanced selectivity. In the present study, we report the design and synthesis of several mono and bicyclic tetrapeptide thioester HDAC inhibitors that share the inhibition mechanism similar to Largazole. Most of the compounds showed HDAC1 and HDAC4 inhibition and p21 promoting activity in nanomolar ranges. Among these the monocyclic peptides 1, 2 and bicyclic peptide, 4 are notable demanding more advanced research to be promising anticancer drug candidates.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Oligopeptídeos/síntese química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/síntese química , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Genes Reporter/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Histona Desacetilase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Histona Desacetilase 1/metabolismo , Desacetilase 6 de Histona , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilases/química , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Vison , Estrutura Molecular , Oligopeptídeos/química , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Concentração Osmolar , Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 22(21): 6770-2, 2012 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23021104

RESUMO

Two thioacetate tails were introduced to the chlamydocin- and CHAP31-related cyclic tetrapeptides. An intramolecular disulfide bridge could be formed in the CHAP31-related cyclic peptides. Both the thioacetate-tailed and disulfide-bridged peptides were potent histone deacetylase inhibitors in the presence of sulfhydryl compound. Potent p21 promoter inducing activity was also observed in vivo.


Assuntos
Dissulfetos/química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/síntese química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/síntese química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Peptídeos Cíclicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia
12.
Environ Health ; 9: 36, 2010 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20618979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arsenic is a potent pollutant that has caused an environmental catastrophe in certain parts of the world including Bangladesh where millions of people are presently at risk due to drinking water contaminated by arsenic. Chronic arsenic exposure has been scientifically shown as a cause for liver damage, cancers, neurological disorders and several other ailments. The relationship between plasma cholinesterase (PChE) activity and arsenic exposure has not yet been clearly documented. However, decreased PChE activity has been found in patients suffering liver dysfunction, heart attack, cancer metastasis and neurotoxicity. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the PChE activity in individuals exposed to arsenic via drinking water in Bangladesh. METHODS: A total of 141 Bangladeshi residents living in arsenic endemic areas with the mean arsenic exposure of 14.10 +/- 3.27 years were selected as study subjects and split into tertile groups based on three water arsenic concentrations: low (< 129 microg/L), medium (130-264 microg/L) and high (> 265 microg/L). Study subjects were further sub-divided into two groups ( 50 microg/L) based on the recommended upper limit of water arsenic concentration (50 microg/L) in Bangladesh. Blood samples were collected from the study subjects by venipuncture and arsenic concentrations in drinking water, hair and nail samples were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS). PChE activity was assayed by spectrophotometer. RESULTS: Arsenic concentrations in hair and nails were positively correlated with the arsenic levels in drinking water. Significant decreases in PChE activity were observed with increasing concentrations of arsenic in water, hair and nails. The average levels of PChE activity in low, medium and high arsenic exposure groups were also significantly different between each group. Lower levels of PChE activity were also observed in the > 50 microg/L group compared to the

Assuntos
Arsênio/efeitos adversos , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Colinesterases/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Arsênio/análise , Arsênio/sangue , Intoxicação por Arsênico/diagnóstico , Colinesterases/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Cabelo/química , Humanos , Masculino , Unhas/química , Fatores Sexuais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Abastecimento de Água/análise
13.
J Cell Biochem ; 108(5): 1059-65, 2009 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19830705

RESUMO

Although methane sulfonate compounds are widely used for the protein modification for their selectivity of thiol groups in proteins, their intracellular signaling events have not yet been clearly documented. This study demonstrated the methane sulfonate chemical 1,4-butanediyl-bismethanethiosulfonate (BMTS)-induced cascades of signals that ultimately led to apoptosis of Jurkat cells. BMTS induced apoptosis through fragmentation of DNA, activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, and downregulation of Bcl-2 protein with reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, BMTS intensely and transiently induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and ROS produced by BMTS was mediated through mitochondria. We also found that a reducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) and an anti-oxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) inhibited BMTS-mediated caspase-9 and -3 activation, ROS production and induction of Annexin V/propidium iodide double positive cells, suggesting the involvement of ROS in the apoptosis process. Therefore, this study further extends our understanding on the basic mechanism of redox-linked apoptosis induced by sulfhydryl-reactive chemicals.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ácidos Tiossulfônicos/farmacologia , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Ditiotreitol/farmacologia , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/fisiologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
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