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1.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive performance of the modified hepatoma arterial embolisation prognostic II (mHAP-II) score in a real-life western hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cohort treated with drug-eluting bead-TACE and compare the mHAP-II with other scores in this cohort. METHODS: One hundred seventy-nine HCC patients (mean age 77 (± 9) years, 87% male) with one or more drug-eluting bead (DEB)-TACE sessions using 100-300 µm microspheres were retrospectively analysed. Performance analysis of the mHAP-II score was based on Mann-Whitney U tests, the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank tests, receiver operating characteristics, Akaike's information criterion and Cox regression models. RESULTS: In this population, HCC risk factors were mainly alcohol abuse (31%) and hepatitis C (28%). The median survival of the entire cohort was 29.4 months. mHAP-II classification of the cohort was mHAP-II B (30%), C (41%) and D (23%) respectively. Survival of all subgroups differed significantly from each other (each p < 0.05). Area under the curve for receiver operating characteristic was 0.60 and Akaike's information criterion was 21.8 (p = 0.03), indicating a superior performance of mHAP-II score compared with HAP score and BCLC. Tumour number ≥ two (HR 1.54), alpha-fetoprotein > 400 µg/l (HR 1.14), serum albumin < 3.6 g/dl (HR 1.63) and total bilirubin > 0.9 mg/dl (HR 1.58) contributed significantly in Cox proportional hazards regression (each p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The mHAP-II score can predict survival outcomes of western HCC patients undergoing DEB-TACE and further subdivide this heterogeneous group; however, certain limitations concerning the predictive power of mHAP-II score must be taken into account. KEY POINTS: • This retrospective study evaluated the predictive performance of the modified hepatoma arterial embolisation prognostic II (mHAP-II) score in a real-life western HCC cohort treated with drug-eluting bead-TACE. • Survival of all mHAP-II subgroups differed significantly, area under the curve for mHAP-II was 0.60 and Akaike's information criterion was 21.8. • The mHAP-II score can predict survival outcomes of western HCC patients undergoing DEB-TACE and further subdivide this heterogeneous group. However, because the study is underpowered, true survival prediction may be more difficult to infer.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19146, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049838

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that computed tomography texture analysis (CTTA) is accurate for response assessment of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL).A total of 100 patients with HL were identified. CTTA in baseline and interim staging was performed generating volume of interests in lymphoma tissue from which CTTA features including 1st, 2nd, and higher order textural features were extracted. Baseline and interim 2-deoxy-fluor-glucose positron emission tomography results were used to determine therapy response and compared to CTTA in terms of patient outcome.At interim, 1st-order features yielded a significant drop (e.g., entropy of heterogeneity, P = .01) or a significant rise (deviation, P < .001), whereas 2nd and higher order features decreased (e.g., entropy of co-occurrence matrix, P < .001). Patients achieving complete remission at end of treatment had a significantly lower entropy of heterogeneity at baseline and interim compared to patients achieving partial remission (P < .05).CT textural features change in parallel to metabolic therapy response, and are therefore a feasible diagnostic tool for a more accurate response assessment of HL.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Chron Respir Dis ; 17: 1479973120903556, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053039

RESUMO

Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) using intrabullous autologous blood instillation has been reported in single cases where other techniques are not possible. We present the use of three-dimensional navigation to instill autologous blood into emphysematous bullae for BLVR. A 62-year-old man presented with increasing dyspnea, due to emphysema with a conglomerate of giant bullae with two particularly large bullae. Surgical treatment was refused, so bronchoscopic autologous blood instillation into the bronchial segment leading to the large bullae was attempted, but was unsuccessful; blood failed to penetrate into the bullous cavity. Dyspnea worsened over the following year. We therefore performed another bronchoscopy and punctured a large bulla with a needle and created a tunnel from the central airways. Puncture position and direction were determined using a prototype of an electromagnetic navigation system. Under fluoroscopic guidance, a catheter was placed via the tunnel into the bulla and blood was instilled. This resulted in an almost complete shrinkage of the bullae, reduction of residual volume, and marked improvement in dyspnea within 4 months. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of successful BLVR by navigated bronchoscopy with transbronchial puncture, dilatation, and autologous blood instillation into a giant bulla.

6.
Lung Cancer ; 141: 56-63, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Detection of activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is crucial for individualized treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However little is known about how biopsy technique affects the detection rate of EGFR mutations. This retrospective, single center study evaluated the detection rate of EGFR mutations in tissue obtained by bronchoscopic cryobiopsy and compared this to other standard tissue sampling techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 414 patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC and known EGFR mutation status between 3/2008-7/2014. Tumor specimens obtained by tissue preserving bronchoscopic cryobiopsy were compared to those obtained by other techniques. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Analysis of bronchoscopic cryobiopsy tissue detected 29 activating EGFR mutations in 27 (21.6 %) out of 125 patients, while analysis of tissue obtained by non-cryobiopsy techniques (bronchoscopic forceps biopsies, fine needle aspiration, imaging guided transthoracical and surgical procedures) detected 42 EGFR mutations in 40 (13.8 %) out of 298 patients (p < 0.05). Cryobiopsy increased detection rate of EGFR mutations in central tumors compared with forceps biopsy (19.6 % versus 6.5 %, p < 0.05), while an insignificant trend was detected also for peripheral tumors (33.3 % versus 26.9 %). Bronchosopic cryobiopsy increases the detection rate of activating EGFR mutations in NSCLC in comparison to other tissue sampling techniques. This will help to optimize individualized treatment of patients with advanced tumors. Because of the retrospective nature of this analysis, a prospective trial is mandatory for final assessment.

7.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 45(3): 750-758, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953587

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the role of CT-texture analysis (CTTA) for differentiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) from pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (PNEN) in the portal-venous phase as compared with visual assessment and tumor-to-pancreas attenuation ratios. METHODS: 53 patients (66.1 ± 8.6y) with PDAC and 42 patients (65.5 ± 12.2y) with PNEN who underwent contrast-enhanced CT for primary staging were evaluated. Volumes of interests (VOIs) were set in the tumor tissue at the portal-venous phase excluding adjacent structures. Based on pyradiomics library, 92 textural features were extracted including 1st, 2nd, and higher order features, and then compared between PNEN and PDAC. The visual assessment classified tumors into hypo-, iso-, or hyperdense to pancreas parenchyma or into homogeneous/heterogeneous. Additionally, attenuation ratios between the tumors and the non-involved pancreas were calculated. RESULTS: 8/92 (8.6%) highly significant (p < 0.005) discriminatory textural features between PDAC and PNEN were identified including the 1st order features "median," "total energy," "energy," "10th percentile," "90th percentile," "minimum," "maximum," and the 2nd order feature "Gray-Level co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) Informational Measure of Correlation (Imc2)." In PNEN, the higher order feature "GLSZM Small Area High Gray-Level Emphasis" proved significantly higher in G1 compared to G2/3 tumors (p < 0.05). The tumor/parenchyma ratios as well as the visual assessment into hypo-/iso-/hyperdense or homogeneous/heterogeneous did not significantly differ between PDAC and PNEN. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that CTTA is a feasible tool for differentiation of PNEN from PDAC and also of G1 from G2/3 PNEN in the portal-venous phase. Visual assessment and tumor-to-parenchyma ratios were not useful for discrimination.

8.
Rofo ; 192(2): 119-122, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779027
9.
Rofo ; 192(1): 7-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578045
10.
Invest Radiol ; 55(2): 84-90, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the automated computed tomography (CT) postprocessing software unfolded rib images for improved detection of both benign and malignant rib lesions during routine diagnostic workup of oncological patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand eight in-patients and out-patients (63.66 ± 14.25 years; range, 18.67-95.67 years; 405 females and 603 males), undergoing chest CT between July 2018 to January 2019 at our institution, were retrospectively evaluated. Patients underwent chest CT alone or as part of a whole-body CT staging/restaging. The CT protocol consisted of the following: 120 kV; 100 mAs; matrix, 512 × 512; collimation, 0.6 mm; reconstructed section thickness of 3 mm and 1 mm using a soft tissue spatial resolution kernel (I30f) and a sharp kernel (B70f). Both transversal image data sets were used for "conventional" diagnosis including coronal reformates with 3-mm slice thickness. One-millimeter slice thickness image data sets of all patients were additionally directed from the scanner to a computational server where they were automatically postprocessed to 3-dimensional unfolded ribs. The "unfolding" of the rib using the centerline as an axis allows a synchronous display and rotation of all ribs by mouse scrolling. These postprocessed image data sets were evaluated in a separate reading session (approximately 4 weeks later). The readers had no information about the underlying medical history or clinical presentation. They were asked to record the lesion number, site of involvement along the rib (proximal, body, distal), number of the involved ribs, and the character of the lesion in terms of lytic versus sclerotic versus mixed lytic/sclerotic. The standard of reference was F-FDG PET, Ga-DOMITATE PET/CT, bone scan, or imaging follow-up (>6 months). RESULTS: From a total of 1008 evaluated patients, 763 (73.02%) were hemato-oncologic patients. A total of 104 rib lesions were found by transversal CT image reading, whereas the unfolded rib image reading detected 305 lesions. Eighty-nine were classified malignant, and 202 were classified benign. Detection of malignant rib lesions proved significant both for less than 1 cm (P < 0.02) and more than 1 cm in diameter (P < 0.007). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for detection of malignant rib lesions were 97.7%, 98.5%, 96.6%, and 99% for unfolding ribs, and 76.4%, 100%, 92.7%, and 90.5% for conventional (transversal) image reading, respectively. Detection of sclerotic rib lesions and lesions greater than 1 cm in diameter were significantly better (P < 0.01) for the unfolding rib algorithm. CONCLUSIONS: The "unfolded rib" reformates are significantly superior for rib lesion detection compared with conventional transversal CT scan reading and should therefore be used in all patients, particularly those with an oncologic background.

11.
Eur J Cancer ; 124: 152-160, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785463

RESUMO

Doxorubicin represents the standard first-line treatment for metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. We assessed the efficacy and safety of trofosfamide in elderly patients. In this controlled phase II trial, we randomly (1:2) assigned 120 previously untreated patients with soft-tissue sarcoma, older than 60 years, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score of 0-2, to receive either doxorubicin for 6 cycles (arm A) or oral trofosfamide (arm B). The primary end-point was a 6-month progression-free rate (PFR) in the experimental arm (clinical trial information: NCT00204568). Between August 2004 and October 2012, forty and 80 patients were randomly assigned to arm A and arm B, respectively, in 16 centres. The median age was 70 years (range, 60-89). The primary study end-point (6-month PFR) was exceeded, with 27.6% in arm B (95% confidence interval [CI], 18.0-39.1) and 35.9% in arm A: (95% CI, 21.2-52.8). Survival data in terms of progression-free survival were 4.3 months (95% CI, 2.2-6.3) and 2.8 months (95% CI, 1.7-3.6) and in terms of overall survival were 9.8 months (95% CI, 6.7-11.6) and 12.3 months (95% CI, 9.6-16.2), respectively. The number of serious adverse event (SAE) was 59% in arm A and 30.3% in arm B (p = 0.005). Trofosfamide caused more often dyspnoea and low-grade fatigue, whereas with doxorubicin, more often leukocytopenia, neutropenia and mucositis were seen. Discontinuation rates for reasons other than disease progression were 15.4% (arm A) vs. 7.9% (arm B). In an elderly population of patients, oral trofosfamide achieved the estimated primary end-point 6-month PFR and was associated with a favourable toxicity profile compared with doxorubicin.

16.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20190158, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze patterns of response in soft tissue sarcomas exposed to pazopanib using CT-morphologic and textural features and their suitability for evaluating therapeutic response. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of CT response and texture patterns in 33 patients (23 female; mean age: 61.2 years, range, 30-85 years) with soft tissue sarcomas treated with pazopanib from October 2008 to July 2017. Response evaluation was based on modified (m)CHOI-criteria and RECISTv.1.1 and classified as partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), progressive disease (PD). The following CT-texture (CTTA)-parameters were calculated: mean, entropy and uniformity of intensity/average/skewness/entropy of co-occurrence matrix and contrast of neighboring-gray-level-dependence-matrix. RESULTS: Following mCHOI-criteria, 12 patients achieved PR, 7 SD and 14 PD. As per RECISTv.1.1 9 patients obtained PR, 9 SD and 15 PD. Frequent patterns of response were tumor liquefaction and necrosis (n=4/33, 12.1% each). Further patterns included shrinkage and cavitation (n=2/33, 6.1% each). In responders, differences in mean heterogeneity (p=0.01), intensity (p=0.03), average (p=0.03) and entropy of skewness (p=0.01) were found at follow-up whereas in non-responders, CTTA-parameters did not change significantly. Baseline-CTTA-features differed between responders and non-responders in terms of uniformity of skewness (p=0.045). Baseline-CTTA-parameters did not correlate with any morphologic response pattern. CONCLUSION: Most frequent patterns of response to pazopanib were tumor liquefaction and necrosis. Single CT-textural features show strong association with the response to pazopanib-although limited in relation to specific response patterns. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Tumor liquefication and necrosis are important patterns of response to pazopanib. CT-texture analysis has limited associations with specific response patterns.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(12): 2129-2136, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317220

RESUMO

Metatarsalgia defined as pain at the plantar aspect of the forefoot. Intermetatarsal bursitis is considered one potential soft-tissue cause of metatarsalgia that is presumably under-estimated, under-investigated, and, consequently, often misdiagnosed. To assess the role of MRI in the elucidation of the cause of metatarsalgia in patients with different autoimmune disorders presenting primarily with this symptom and to present the accompanying clinical and radiological findings of intermetatarsal bursitis. Retrospective evaluation of the medical records of patients with different rheumatological conditions claiming primarily of pedal pains suggests metatarsalgia and who underwent, therefore, all magnetic resonance imaging between March 2010 and April 2018. Of them, six patients fulfilled these criteria and were diagnosed subsequently with intermetatarsal bursitis. Several underlying autoimmune conditions were diagnosed. All patients were clinically assessed by the squeeze test and radiologically investigated with MRI; three patients underwent additional sonography. All patients presented intermetatarsal bursitis as first disease manifestation. The number of involved bursae ranged from one to three on one side. The main MR findings were distension of the intermetatarsal bursa with increased signal intensity on T2-weighted and post-contrast fat saturation T1-weighted images. Most frequent locations were the second and third intermetatarsal spaces. The size of the intermetatarsal bursitis and its plantar extension were correlated in all patients. Intermetatarsal bursitis can potentially be the first manifestation of different rheumatological diseases. Awareness of this potential association as well as cognizance of its imaging findings can help for making a more accurate and prompt earlier diagnosis of the underlying disease changing also the therapeutic approach.

18.
Virchows Arch ; 475(6): 795-798, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317311

RESUMO

The traditional concept of unidirectional maturation of hematopoietic cells has been called into question due to the recognition of lineage plasticity, which is increasingly found also in the clonal evolution of hematopoietic and lymphoid malignancies. Here we present an unusual case of a patient with TP53-mutated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with a PI3Kδ inhibitor evolving to clonally related Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with acquired BRAF V600E and STK11 mutations and loss of expression of PAX-5 and other examined B cell markers. In indolent B cell lymphoma, transformation to a more aggressive high-grade lymphoma occurs frequently during the course of disease and is thought to be caused by clonal evolution. Our case further supports the concept of significant lineage plasticity in lymphomas and raises the question of a potential role of novel pharmacologic agents in clonal evolution.


Assuntos
Evolução Clonal , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/patologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Feminino , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Invest Radiol ; 54(12): 737-743, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206392

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of hepatic perfusion imaging using dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) golden-angle radial sparse parallel (GRASP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for characterizing liver parenchyma and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before and after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) as a potential alternative to volume perfusion computed tomography (VPCT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between November 2017 and September 2018, 10 patients (male = 8; mean age, 66.5 ± 8.6 years) with HCC were included in this prospective, institutional review board-approved study. All patients underwent DCE GRASP MRI with high spatiotemporal resolution after injection of liver-specific MR contrast agent before and after TACE. In addition, VPCT was acquired before TACE serving as standard of reference. From the dynamic imaging data of DCE MRI and VPCT, perfusion maps (arterial liver perfusion [mL/100 mL/min], portal liver perfusion [mL/100 mL/min], hepatic perfusion index [%]) were calculated using a dual-input maximum slope model and compared with assess perfusion measures, lesion characteristics, and treatment response using Wilcoxon signed-rank test. To evaluate interreader agreement for measurement repeatability, the interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. RESULTS: Perfusion maps could be successfully generated from all DCE MRI and VPCT data. The ICC was excellent for all perfusion maps (ICC ≥ 0.88; P ≤ 0.001). Image analyses revealed perfusion parameters for DCE MRI and VPCT within the same absolute range for tumor and liver tissue. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI further enabled quantitative assessment of treatment response showing a significant decrease (P ≤ 0.01) of arterial liver perfusion and hepatic perfusion index in the target lesion after TACE. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic contrast-enhanced GRASP MRI allows for a reliable and robust assessment of hepatic perfusion parameters providing quantitative results comparable to VPCT and enables characterization of HCC before and after TACE, thus posing the potential to serve as an alternative to VPCT.

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