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1.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(5): 1009-1016, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062060

RESUMO

Atrial flutter/fibrillation (AFL/AF) is a late complication in adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Its effects on long-term prognosis are not fully understood. We evaluate the impact of AFL/AF in adults with repaired TOF on global mortality and unplanned hospitalizations during follow-up, and the predictors for AFL/AF occurrence. The presence of AFL/FA was analysed in all exams performed during the last 10 years of outpatients follow up in a unicentric cohort of repaired TOF between 1980 and 2003. Two-hundred and six patients were included; at a mean follow-up of 21 ± 8.2 years, there were 5 deaths (19.2%) in the AFL/AF group and 2 (1.1%) in those without arrhythmia (p < 0.001). Patients with AFL/AF where older at the time of the surgical repair (p < 0.001) and had a higher rate of reinterventions (p = 0.003). No differences were observed between the groups regarding the use of a transannular patch, ventriculotomy and previous palliative shunt. QRS duration was longer in patients with AFL/AF (174 ± 33.4) when compared to those without arrhythmia (147 ± 39.6; p < 0.0001). Age at surgery, QRS duration, and tricuspid regurgitation ≥ moderate were independent risk predictors for AFL/AF. In the multivariate analysis, atrial flutter/fibrillation and QRS duration were predictors of death and hospitalization. AFL/AF is associated with an increased risk of death and hospitalization during the follow-up of patients with repaired TOF. Early detection of AFL/AF and their predictors is an essential step in the evaluation of such population.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Flutter Atrial/etiologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
2.
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr. imagem cardiovasc ; 25(4): 292-297, out.-dez. 2012. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-653987

RESUMO

Criss-cross heart é uma rara e complexa anomalia congênita que se caracteriza pela rotação da conexão atrioventricular e entrecruzamento dos fluxos de entrada dos ventrículos. É resultado de uma anomalia de rotação embrionária da massa ventricular no seu eixo longo de forma horária ou anti-horária, sem movimentação concomitante dos átrios. O quadro clínico depende das malformações associadas, dimensões da comunicação interventricular, presença ou não de estenose pulmonar, straddling da valva mitral e dimensões das cavidades ventriculares. A presente revisão abordará os critérios ecocardiográficos de criss-cross heart, definindo as questões técnicas do exame, além de relatar um caso de criss-cross com transposição corrigida das grandes artérias.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ecocardiografia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia
3.
In. Silva, Carlos Eduardo Suaide. Ecocardiografia: princípios e aplicações clínicas. Rio de Janeiro, Revinter, 2 ed; 2012. p.1033-1047, ilus.
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-30034
7.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 71(2): 231-6, 2008 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17985387

RESUMO

AIMS: To analyze the efficacy and follow-up results of percutaneous closure of Atrial septal defect (ASD) with the Amplatzer septal occluder in children aged <10 years old. METHODS: Between November 1998 and September 2005, 27 patients diagnosed with ASD were treated percutaneously with an Amplatzer septal occluder. The procedure was carried out in the cathlab, under general anesthesia and with both fluoroscopy and transesophageal echocardiography guidance. Basal physical examinations and echocardiograms were performed prior to the procedure and at 30 days, 6, and 12 months of follow-up. Survival free of symptom was estimated by Kaplan-Meier. RESULTS: The mean age, weight, height, body mass index, and corporal surface was: 5.35 +/- 2.11 years, 23.07 +/- 9.43 kg, 110.55 +/- 17.6 cm, 16.77 +/- 2.42 kg/m(2), and 1.24 +/- 2.44 m(2). The prevalence of septal aneurysm was 3.7% and all patients presented single secundum ASD. The mean stretched diameter by fluoroscopy and transesophageal echocardiography were 17.18 +/- 6.75 mm and 16.77 +/- 5.99 mm, and the prostheses sizes were 18.83 +/- 6.98 mm, ranging from 10 to 30 mm. The systolic and diastolic pulmonary pressures were 25.26 +/- 5.97 mm Hg and 13.38 +/- 3.40 mm Hg, respectively. The procedure time was 82.92 +/- 29.14 min and the hospital stay was 2.20 +/- 0.26 days. Clinical and echocardiography follow-ups were performed within 11.59 +/- 4.42 months and all devices were in the correct position with no residual shunt. Right ventricular diameter decreased from 19.38 +/- 5.23mm to 11.38 +/- 11.92 (P 0.001). No major complications or deaths occurred; two patients had a hematoma at the vascular access. CONCLUSION: Secundum atrial septal defect closure can be safely and successfully performed with the Amplatzer septal occluder in children younger than 10 years old.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Implantação de Prótese , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Ajuste de Prótese , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Card Fail ; 13(10): 850-4, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18068619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The S100B protein is considered a biochemical marker for brain injuries. However, our group demonstrated that the isolated rat heart releases S100B. In this study, we investigated the serum levels of S100B in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients to evaluate its levels in heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected DCM patients, excluding any condition that could influence S100B serum levels. Control individuals were sex and age matched. Both groups were submitted to clinical evaluation and echocardiography. We measured the S100B and NT-proBNP serum levels (expressed as median [interquartile range]). NT-proBNP levels in patients group (1462 pg/mL [426-3591]) were higher than in controls (35 pg/mL [29-55]), P < .001. S100B serum levels were higher in patients group (0.051 microg/L [0.022-0.144]) than in controls (0.017 microg/L [0.003-0.036]), P = .009. Additionally, we found a positive correlation between S100B and NT-proBNP serum levels only in patients group (Spearman's coefficient r = 0.534; P = .013). CONCLUSIONS: Although we cannot rule out the influence of S100B from brain, the positive correlation between S100B and NT-proBNP levels in DCM patients points to the myocardium as the main source for the rise in S100B serum levels.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/sangue , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/sangue , Proteínas S100/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Precursores de Proteínas , Subunidade beta da Proteína Ligante de Cálcio S100 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 88(4): 384-9, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17546265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Amplatzer septal occluder in the treatment of ostium secundum atrial septal defects (OS ASDs). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted between November 1998 and September 2005 involving 101 OS ASD transcatheter occlusion procedures in our institution. All procedures were conducted in the hemodynamic laboratory under general anesthesia with transoesophageal echocardiographic monitoring (TEE). Clinical and echocardiography assessments of the patients were conducted at 30 days, six months and on an annual basis. The results are presented as averages, standard deviations and percentages. Event-free survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curve. RESULTS: From the 101 patients, 60 (59.4%) were females. Mean age, weight, height, body mass index and body surface area were, respectively: 24.3 +/- 18.31 years, 51.88 +/- 23.76 kg, 140.59 +/- 39.3 cm, 23.18 +/- 18.9 kg/m(2) and 1.24 +/- 0.21 m(2). The prevalence of interatrial septum aneurysms was 4.95%, and 98 cases had an isolated defect. ASD diameters were 21.47 +/- 6.96 mm using an angiography and 21.22 +/- 7.93 mm using a TEE. The average size of the implanted devices was 23.92 +/- 7.25 mm, ranging from 9 mm to 40 mm. The procedure time was 90.47 +/- 26.67 minutes and the average hospital stay was 2.51 +/- 0.62 days. Clinical and echocardiography follow-up was conducted at 12.81 +/- 8.41 months and all devices were securely anchored without any residual shunts. The procedure success rate was 93% (94/101). In five cases adequate deployment of the device was not possible and 2 patients presented residual ASD. No major complications occurred. CONCLUSION: The Amplatzer septal occluder is an effective OS ASD transcatheter treatment device.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Comunicação Interatrial/terapia , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Próteses e Implantes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 88(4): 384-389, abr. 2007. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-451825

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a efetividade da prótese de Amplatzer® para tratamento de comunicação interatrial tipo ostium secundum (CIA OS). MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte histórica entre novembro de 1998 e setembro de 2005, em que foram realizados 101 procedimentos para oclusão percutânea de CIA OS em nossa instituição. Os procedimentos foram efetuados no laboratório de hemodinâmica, sob anestesia geral e com monitorização por ecocardiografia transesofágica (ETE). Os pacientes foram acompanhados clinicamente e com ecocardiografia em 30 dias, seis meses e depois anualmente. O resultados são apresentados em média, desvio padrão e porcentual, e a sobrevida livre de eventos foi estimada pela curva de Kaplan-Meier. RESULTADOS: Dos 101 pacientes, 60 (59,4 por cento) eram mulheres. As médias para idade, peso, altura, índice de massa corporal e superfície corporal foram, respectivamente, de 24,3 + 18,31 anos, 51,88 + 23,76 kg, 140,59 + 39,3 cm, 23,18 + 18,9 kg/m², e 1,24 + 0,21 m². A prevalência de aneurisma do septo interatrial foi de 4,95 por cento, e 98 casos eram de defeito único. O diâmetro das CIAs foi de 21,47 + 6,96 mm pela angiografia e de 21,22 + 7,93 mm pela ETE. As próteses implantadas mediam 23,92 + 7,25 mm, variando de 9 mm a 40 mm. O tempo de procedimento foi de 90,47 + 26,67 minutos e a média de internação hospitalar, de 2,51 + 0,62 dias. Os seguimentos clínico e ecocardiográfico ocorreram com 12,81 + 8,41 meses e todas as próteses estavam bem ancoradas e sem shunt residual. O sucesso do procedimento foi de 93 por cento (94/101). Em cinco casos não se conseguiu liberação adequada do dispositivo e dois pacientes apresentaram CIA residual. Não foram registradas complicações maiores. CONCLUSÃO: A prótese de Amplatzer® mostrou-se efetiva para o tratamento percutâneo de CIA OS.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Amplatzer™ septal occluder in the treatment of ostium secundum atrial septal defects (OS ASDs). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted between November 1998 and September 2005 involving 101 OS ASD transcatheter occlusion procedures in our institution. All procedures were conducted in the hemodynamic laboratory under general anesthesia with transoesophageal echocardiographic monitoring (TEE). Clinical and echocardiography assessments of the patients were conducted at 30 days, six months and on an annual basis. The results are presented as averages, standard deviations and percentages. Event-free survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curve. RESULTS: From the 101 patients, 60 (59.4 percent) were females. Mean age, weight, height, body mass index and body surface area were, respectively: 24.3 ± 18.31 years, 51.88 ± 23.76kg, 140.59 ± 39.3cm, 23.18 ± 18.9kg/m² and 1.24 ± 0.21m². The prevalence of interatrial septum aneurysms was 4.95 percent, and 98 cases had an isolated defect. ASD diameters were 21.47 ± 6.96mm using an angiography and 21.22 ± 7.93 mm using a TEE. The average size of the implanted devices was 23.92 ± 7.25mm, ranging from 9mm to 40mm. The procedure time was 90.47 ± 26.67 minutes and the average hospital stay was 2.51 ± 0.62 days. Clinical and echocardiography follow-up was conducted at 12.81 ± 8.41 months and all devices were securely anchored without any residual shunts. The procedure success rate was 93 percent (94/101). In five cases adequate deployment of the device was not possible and 2 patients presented residual ASD. No major complications occurred. CONCLUSION: The Amplatzer™ septal occluder is an effective OS ASD transcatheter treatment device.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Comunicação Interatrial/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Comunicação Interatrial , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Próteses e Implantes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 18(3): 253-260, July-Sept. 2003. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-360610

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Dinâmica computacional foi utilizada para avaliar a influência de fatores geométricos no funcionamento de modelo da cirurgia de Blalock-Taussig modificada (BTm), ou interposiçäo de enxerto de politetrafluoretileno (PTFE) entre as artérias subclávia e pulmonar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Biologia Computacional , Metodologias Computacionais , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia
12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 79(1): 56-60, 2002 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12163945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the long-term clinical results of the Fontan operation in patients with tricuspid atresia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made at the Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul (Institute of Cardiology of Rio Grande do Sul), from August 1980 through January 2000, of 25 patients with a long-term follow-up, out of a series of 36 patients who underwent the Fontan operation or one of its variants due to tricuspid atresia. Their mean age at surgery was 5.4+/-3.1 years, and their mean weight was 15.8+/-6.1 kg, the majority of them (63.9%) being males. Four patients underwent the classical Fontan operation, 12 the Kreutzer variant, 6 the Björk variant, 9 total cavopulmonary shunt with a fenestrated tube, and 5 total cavopulmonary shunt with a nonfenestrated tube. RESULTS: The patients were followed-up on an outpatient basis, with a mean long-term survival time of 5.5+/-4.2 years (50 days to 17.8 years) and a late mortality rate of 8%. Arterial saturation increased from 77.2+/-18.8% in the preoperative period to 91+/-6.7% upon the last outpatient visit (p>0.05). At the final check, most (67%) patients were asymptomatic and 87% could tolerate exercise. Ten (40%) patients experienced some kind of complication during the long-term follow-up, such as cardiac arrhythmia, cyanosis, protein-losing enteropathy, neurological events, right heart failure, intolerance to exercise and reoperation. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that, once the immediate postoperative period is over, during which the adaptations to the new circulatory physiology occur, the evolution of patients with tricuspid atresia who underwent the Fontan operation is satisfactory, in spite of a low, yet significant, morbidity.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan , Atresia Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 79(1): 51-60, July 2002. tab, graf
Artigo em Português, Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-316166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the long-term clinical results of the Fontan operation in patients with tricuspid atresia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made at the Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul (Institute of Cardiology of Rio Grande do Sul), from August 1980 through January 2000, of 25 patients with a long-term follow-up, out of a series of 36 patients who underwent the Fontan operation or one of its variants due to tricuspid atresia. Their mean age at surgery was 5.4±3.1 years, and their mean weight was 15.8±6.1 kg, the majority of them (63.9 percent) being males. Four patients underwent the classical Fontan operation, 12 the Kreutzer variant, 6 the Björk variant, 9 total cavopulmonary shunt with a fenestrated tube, and 5 total cavopulmonary shunt with a nonfenestrated tube. RESULTS: The patients were followed-up on an outpatient basis, with a mean long-term survival time of 5.5±4.2 years (50 days to 17.8 years) and a late mortality rate of 8 percent. Arterial saturation increased from 77.2±18.8 percent in the preoperative period to 91±6.7 percent upon the last outpatient visit (p>0.05). At the final check, most (67 percent) patients were asymptomatic and 87 percent could tolerate exercise. Ten (40 percent) patients experienced some kind of complication during the long-term follow-up, such as cardiac arrhythmia, cyanosis, protein-losing enteropathy, neurological events, right heart failure, intolerance to exercise and reoperation. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that, once the immediate postoperative period is over, during which the adaptations to the new circulatory physiology occur, the evolution of patients with tricuspid atresia who underwent the Fontan operation is satisfactory, in spite of a low, yet significant, morbidity


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Técnica de Fontan , Atresia Tricúspide , Seguimentos , Técnica de Fontan , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 64(5): 423-428, Mai. 1995.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-319722

RESUMO

PURPOSE--To evaluate the contribution and comparative value of paracoronal transgastric view compared with conventional transesophageal examination for morpho-functional assessment of different types of congenital heart disease in a pediatric group. METHODS--Fifteen patients with clinical and echocardiographic diagnosis of congenital heart disease were selected for single plane transesophageal examination. After routine evaluation, the probe was positioned to obtain a paracoronal transgastric view, and images that result from this technique were recorded and compared with those obtained in the conventional way. Eleven procedures were carried out in the cathlab and four in pediatric intensive care unit, under general anesthesia or heavy sedation. The age and weight were 32.0 months and 11.6 kg respectively. No adverse reactions were observed with this method. RESULTS--In comparison with conventional transesophageal study, the paracoronal transgastric view permitted better morpho-functional assessment of the outlets of the right and left ventricles, as well as additional informations about the left pulmonary artery. CONCLUSION--Morphological and hemodynamic informations obtained from paracoronal transgastric view is a safe method which can be used either as an alternative or a complement to conventional examination to assess the outlets of both ventricles, as well as to evaluate the subvalvar, valvar and supravalvar region in different types of congenital heart disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana
15.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 31(2): 134-7, abr.-jun. 1987. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-42644

RESUMO

Vários estudos epidemiológicos realizados nos Estados Unidos têm mostrado que as infecçöes por Chlamydia säo freqüentes em mulheres grávidas e que cerca de 1% dos recém-nascidos desenvolvem pneumonia por este agente. Através de testes sorológicos recentemente introduzidos em nosso meio passou a ser possível o diagnóstico destas infecçöes. Descreve-se em dois casos de pneumonia por Chlamydia trachomatis em recém-nascidos, adquiridas na passagem pelo canal do parto. A doença caracterizou-se por disfunçäo respiratória progressiva, associada em algum momento a uma conjuntivite, apresentando ao raio X um infiltrado intersticial difuso com hiperexpansäo pulmonar. Eosinofilia esteve presente em ambos os casos. O tratamento com eritromicina seguiu-se de rápida regressäo do quadro clínico e radiológico


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Eritromicina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Chlamydiaceae/complicações , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/diagnóstico
16.
Acta méd. (Porto Alegre) ; (?): 22-34, jun. 1984-jul. 1985.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-31147

RESUMO

Através deste trabalho de revisäo da literatura, objetiva-se sistematizar e caracterizar as diversas fases da convalescença pós-trauma, enfatizando as respostas do paciente cirúrgico e correlacionando-as com as manifestaçöes clínicas, bem como identificar os fatores que podem interferir na mesma


Assuntos
Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/metabolismo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia
17.
Acta méd. (Porto Alegre) ; (?): 187-94, jun. 1984-jul. 1985. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-31178

RESUMO

Os aspectos clínicos, radiológicos e histopatológicos de 29 pacientes portadores de nódulo solitário de pulmäo, submetidos a toracotomia, foram analisados retrospectivamente. Em 22 casos o exame histopatológico mostrou a presença de lesäo neoplásica, dos quais dezenove eram malignos e três benignos. Nos demais sete casos, cinco eram tuberculomas, um antrascose e um lipoma


Assuntos
Humanos , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia
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