Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 42
Filtrar
1.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537419

RESUMO

In the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic era, the number of haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantations (HCTs) with peripheral blood (PB) grafts increased significantly compared with HCTs with bone marrow (BM) grafts, which may be associated with adverse outcomes. We compared outcomes of HCT in BM graft and PB graft recipients age ≥18 years with hematologic malignancies who underwent T cell- replete haploidentical HCT and received graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil. Among the 264 patients, 180 (68%) received a BM graft and 84 (32%) received a PB graft. The median patient age was 50 years in both groups. The majority (n = 199; 75%) received reduced-intensity conditioning. The rate of acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome was higher in the BM graft recipients compared with the PB graft recipients (85% [n = 152] versus 55% [n = 46]; P < .01). The median times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment and the incidence of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) were comparable in the 2 groups. Among the patients with grade II-IV aGVHD, the rate of steroid-refractory aGVHD was 9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5% to 18%) in the BM group versus 32% (95% CI, 19% to 54%) in the PB group (hazard ratio [HR], 3.7, 95% CI, 1.5 to 9.3; P = .006). At 1 year post-HCT, the rate of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 8% (95% CI, 4% to 13%) in the BM group versus 22% (95% CI, 14% to 36%) in the PB group (HR, 3.0; 95% CI, 1.4-6.6; P = .005), and the rate of systemic therapy-requiring cGVHD was 2.5% (95% CI, 1% to 7%) versus 14% (95% CI, 7% to 27%), respectively (HR, 5.6; 95% CI, 1.7 to 18; P = .004). The PB group had a significantly higher risk of bacterial and viral infections, with no appreciable advantage in the duration of hospitalization, immune reconstitution, relapse, nonrelapse mortality, or survival. Our data suggest a benefit of the use of BM grafts over PB grafts for haplo-HCT.

3.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(11): 913.e1-913.e12, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329753

RESUMO

Compared to reduced-intensity conditioning regimen, myeloablative conditioning (MAC) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) reduces relapse but is avoided in older patients because of higher non-relapse mortality (NRM). To meet the need for a myeloablative regimen for older patients, we developed a novel fludarabine and busulfan MAC regimen. We fractionated the dose of busulfan and gave it for 6 days over a 2-week period and demonstrated the feasibility and safety of this approach. However, the disease-specific efficacy of this regimen is not known. The purpose of this study was to estimate the efficacy of fractionated busulfan regimen by estimating diseases specific survival outcomes. The conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan and fludarabine. On days -13 and -12 before HCT, patients received 80 mg/m2 busulfan intravenously (IV) daily in an outpatient clinic. Additional chemotherapy was administered during inpatient treatment from day -6 through day -3, including fludarabine 40 mg/m2 and busulfan IV once daily. The dosing of busulfan was determined from pharmacokinetic analyses to achieve for the course a target area under the curve of 20,000 ± 12% µmol/min, which is close to the average exposure of myeloablative dose of busulfan. One hundred fifty patients with high-risk hematological malignancies up to 75 years were enrolled in this prospective phase II study. The objective was to evaluate NRM, relapse, survival, the rates of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and long-term complications. The median age of the patient population was 61 years (interquartile range, 55-67). The most common diagnoses were acute myeloid leukemia (AML; N = 59 [39.3%]), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; n = 29 [19.3%]), and myelofibrosis (MF; N = 22 [14.7%]). Most had an unrelated donor (n = 93 [62%]) and received peripheral blood graft (n = 110 [73.3%]). Over half had an HCT-specific comorbidity index of ≥3 (n = 79 [52.7%]). The median follow-up among survivors was 43.4 months (interquartile range, 38.9-50.4). In patients with AML in complete remission, MDS, and myelofibrosis, 3-year overall survival was 66.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50.2-88.5%), 43.6% (95% CI, 28.6-66.4%), and 59.1% (95% CI, 41.7-83.7%) respectively. The cumulative incidence of NRM was 22% (15.3%-28.7%), extensive chronic GVHD was 27% (95% CI, 20-34%), bronchiolitis obliterans was 4.7% (95% CI, 1.3-8.1%), and secondary malignancy was 8.7% (95% CI, 4.1-13.2%) at 3 years. Lengthening the duration of busulfan (fractionation) permits safe delivery of myeloablative conditioning in older patients, leading to prolonged survival. © 2021 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

4.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(5): 404.e1-404.e5, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965178

RESUMO

The cell of origin (COO) classification into germinal center B cell (GCB) and non-GCB types has been shown to predict survival outcomes in newly diagnosed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In the relapsed/refractory (R/R) setting, there is building evidence that COO does not predict prognosis after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). The present analysis aimed to compare survival outcomes based on COO classification in R/R DLBCL patients who underwent auto-SCT. This retrospective study included adult patients with R/R DLBCL who underwent auto-SCT at MD Anderson Cancer Center between January 2007 and December 2016. The Hans algorithm using CD10, BCL6, and MUM1 markers was used to classify patients by COO. A total of 122 patients with DLBCL (71 GCB, 51 non-GCB) were included in the analysis. There were no significant differences in patient characteristics between the 2 groups, except for older median age in the GCB cohort (64 years versus 58 years; P < .004). The median overall survival (OS) time was 68.5 (95% confidence interval [CI], 51.3 to not reached) months for the total population, 68.5 (95% CI, 44.8 to not reached) for GCB, and not reached for non-GCB. The 3-year OS rate was 0.659 (95% CI, 0.575 to 0.755) for the total population, 0.653 (95% CI, 0.547 to 0.779) for GCB, and 0.666 (95% CI, 0.537 to 0.824) for non-GCB. When adjusted for age and other factors of interest, no statistically significant associations for OS or progression-free survival were observed between the 2 cohorts. Our results confirm that COO loses its prognostic potential in patients with R/R DLBCL who receive high-dose chemotherapy followed by auto-SCT and both GCB and non-GCB types of DLBCL derive similar benefit from auto-SCT. Younger age, female sex, and pretransplantation disease status were associated with better OS.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adulto , Feminino , Centro Germinativo , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo
5.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(6): 1316-1324, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398094

RESUMO

Steroids remain the initial therapy for acute graft-vs.-host disease (AGVHD). Strategies to improve response and minimize steroid exposure are needed. We report results of a randomized, adaptive, Bayesian-designed, phase II trial of prednisone with or without extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) as an initial therapy for patients with newly diagnosed AGVHD. The primary endpoint was success at day 56 defined as: alive, in remission, achieving AGVHD response without additional therapy, and on <1 mg/kg at day 28 and <0.5 mg/kg on day 56 of steroids. Eighty-one patients were randomized to the ECP arm (n = 51) or steroids alone (n = 30). Median age was 54 years (range: 17-75); 90% had grade II AGVHD and 10% had grades III and IV AGVHD, with skin (85%), upper (22%)/lower (22%) gastrointestinal, and liver (10%) involvement. The ECP arm had a higher probability of success (0.815) and exceeded the predefined threshold for determining the investigational arm promising. ECP was potentially more beneficial than steroids-alone in skin-only AGVHD (response rate: 72% vs. 57%, respectively) than for visceral-organ AGVHD (47% vs. 43%, respectively). The addition of ECP to steroids may result in higher GVHD response as initial therapy for AGVHD, especially for patients with skin-only involvement.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Fotoferese , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Teorema de Bayes , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
10.
Blood Adv ; 4(7): 1296-1306, 2020 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236526

RESUMO

At our center, we observed a series of patients who developed transudative refractory ascites secondary to noncirrhotic, non-veno-occlusive disease (VOD)-related portal hypertension after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Patients were considered to have idiopathic portal hypertension-related refractory ascites (IRA) if they developed ascites secondary to intrahepatic portal hypertension (serum ascites albumin gradient ≥1.1 g/dL or hepatic venous pressure gradient [HVPG] >5 mm Hg), but did not meet the clinical criteria for classical VOD/sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (SOS) and did not have any alternate etiology of portal hypertension. From our institutional database, we identified 40 patients who developed IRA after allo-HSCT between 2004 and 2018. The patients' median age at the time of allo-HSCT was 54 years (range, 21-73 years). The median time to development of IRA after allo-HSCT was 80 days (range, 16-576 days). The median number of paracentesis was 3 (range, 1-11), and 15 (38%) patients had an intraperitoneal catheter placed for continued drainage of the rapidly accumulating ascites. Portal pressures were measured in 19 patients; 6 (15%) had moderate portal hypertension (HVPG 6-9 mm Hg), and 13 (33%) had severe portal hypertension (HVPG ≥ 10 mm Hg). Liver biopsy was performed in 24 patients. None of the patients met the criteria for classical VOD/SOS (clinical/histological) or cirrhosis (histological). The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality was 63%, and the median survival duration after the development of the IRA was 7 months (range, 0.8-125.6 months). IRA is a poorly understood and often fatal complication of allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Ascite/etiologia , Ascite/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/terapia , Humanos , Incidência
11.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(4): 665-671, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881283

RESUMO

The gain/amplification CKS1B gene at chromosome region 1q21 (1q+) is one of the most common genetic aberrations in multiple myeloma (MM). Amplification of CKS1B is frequently associated with the deletion of the CDKN2C gene at chromosome region 1p32 (1p-), which is also associated with inferior outcomes. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the outcomes of patients with 1q+ and/or 1p- after high-dose therapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT). From January 2006 to December 2015, 1491 newly diagnosed patients with MM underwent upfront high-dose therapy and auto-HCT at our institution. Of those, 899 had the fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) data available. FISH was performed at diagnosis and before the start of induction in 686 (76%) patients and after the initiation of induction therapy in 213 (24%) patients. We identified 100 patients with 1q+ and/or 1p- by FISH from the cohort of 899 patients. A control group (n = 287) with diploid cytogenetics and normal FISH panel was selected from the same cohort. From the above 2 cohorts, using a propensity score matched analysis, we identified matched controls for 85 of the 100 patients with 1q+/1p-. Patients were matched for age at auto-HCT, sex, International Staging System stage, induction regimen, creatinine level, disease status at auto-HCT, conditioning regimen, and maintenance therapy. Sixty-seven (79%), 4 (5%), and 14 (16%) patients had 1q+, 1p-, or both 1q+ and 1p-, respectively. There was no significant difference in induction therapy, preparative regimen, or maintenance therapy between the 1q+/1p- and the control group. The median follow-up time for all patients was 29.2 months (range, 0.29 to 84.96). The cumulative incidence of 100-day nonrelapse mortality was 1.2% and 0% for the 1q+/1p- and the control group, respectively. Forty-two patients (50%) in the 1q+/1p- group achieved complete response compared with 40 patients (47%) in the control group. The estimated 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 41% and 79% for the 1q+/1p- group and 56% and 86% for the control group. Patients in the 1q+/1p- group were at significantly increased risk of progression or death compared to the control group (hazard ratio [HR], 2.21; confidence interval [CI], 1.18 to 4.16; P = .014). No significant association between OS in the 2 groups was observed. The outcome of the 1q+/1p- alone (with no additional high-risk cytogenetics) and the propensity score matched control groups was also compared. Median PFS for the 1q+/1p- alone subgroup was 26.6 months, compared with 38.8 months for the control group (HR, 1.9; CI, 0.9 to 4.08; P = .09). The median OS had not been reached for the 1q+/1p- alone subgroup and was 81.1 months for the control group (HR, 1.25; CI, 0.3 to 4.6; P= .73). 1q+/1p- abnormalities with amplification of CKS1B and deletion ofCDKN2Cgenes were associated with shorter PFS compared with a propensity score matched group of patients with diploid cytogenetics and normal a FISH panel. The outcomes of 1q+/1p- patients with MM have improved with the use of more effective induction, conditioning, and maintenance therapy compared with historical controls, but we still need more effective therapeutic approaches to fully overcome the negative impact of 1q+/1p-.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Cromossomos , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(22): 6781-6787, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481508

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with multiple myeloma with t(11;14) have been considered to have standard-risk disease. However, several recent reports have shown contradictory results. We identified 95 patients with multiple myeloma with t(11;14) on FISH studies, who underwent upfront autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (auto-HCT) at our center. We compared their outcome with a group of standard-risk patients with multiple myeloma who had diploid cytogenetics by both conventional cytogenetics (CC) and FISH (n = 287). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To reduce the bias between the groups, we performed a 1:1 propensity score matching technique for analysis. A total of 160 patients, 80 in each group, were identified. Patients in the 2 groups were matched for age, International staging system stage at diagnosis, serum creatinine at presentation, disease status at auto-HCT, type of preparative regimens, dose of melphalan used for conditioning, and induction and maintenance regimens. RESULTS: Patients in t(11;14) group had a post auto-HCT overall response rate (ORR) of 97.5% (78/80), compared with 100% (80/80) in the standard-risk control group (P = 0.50). Complete response rate in the t(11;14) group was 35% (28/80), compared with 45% (36/80) in the standard-risk control group (P = 0.26). The 4-year PFS rates were 40.8% (95% CI, 29.6%-56.1%) and 51.1% (95% CI, 39.4%-66.3%) in the t(11;14) and standard-risk control groups, respectively (P = 0.14). The 4-year OS rates were 74.9% (95% CI, 63.3%-88.7%) and 88.3% (95% CI, 80.4%-97.0%) in the t(11;14) and standard-risk control groups, respectively (P = 0.17). Also, patients with t(11;14) with concurrent cytogenetics had significantly poor PFS and OS compared with a propensity matched standard-risk control group. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that t(11;14) multiple myeloma undergoing upfront autologous transplantation had similar outcomes as patients with multiple myeloma with normal cytogenetic and FISH studies. Existence of additional genomic aberrations by CC or FISH was associated with a worse outcome.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 11 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Translocação Genética , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(7): 1340-1346, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763728

RESUMO

We analyzed 186 patients with lymphoma who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with fludarabine-melphalan (FM) conditioning and different types of donors (25 haploidentical [HD], 98 matched unrelated [MUD], and 63 matched related [MRD]) at our institution between September 2009 and January 2018. Patients received fludarabine 160 mg/m2 (40 mg/m2/day for 4 days) in combination with 1 dose of melphalan 140 mg/m2 (FM140) or 100 mg/m2 (FM100). Engraftment was similar among the 3 groups (92%, 89%, and 98%, respectively; P = .7). The 6-month cumulative incidence of grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 4% in the HD group, 14% in the MUD group, and 8% in the MRD group (P not significant), and the respective 3-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 5%, 16%, and 26% (P not significant). The respective 3-year nonrelapse mortality and relapse rates were 31%, 32%, and 10% (HD versus MUD, P = .9; HD versus MRD, P = .02) and 15%, 21%, and 39% (HD versus MUD, P = .4; HD versus MRD, P = .04). At 3 years, progression-free survival (PFS) was 59%, 44%, and 46% (P not significant); overall survival (OS) was 52%, 54%, and 67% (P not significant); and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival was 39%, 31%, and 24% (P not significant). No differences in the 3-year PFS (57% versus 43%; P = .3) and OS (64% versus 58%; P = .7) were seen between patients receiving FM100 and those receiving FM140. Our data demonstrate that in patients with lymphoma, ASCT with HD transplants have similar outcomes as ASCT with HLA-matched transplants, and the FM100 conditioning regimen appears to be at least as effective as the FM140 regimen.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Linfoma , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Incidência , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
15.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(6): 839-848, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30258129

RESUMO

Outcomes after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (AHSCT) are influenced by both disease- and patient-related factors. Here, we developed a novel prognostic model, hematopoietic cell transplant-composite risk (HCT-CR), by combining the refined disease risk index (DRI-R) and hematopoietic stem-cell transplant comorbidity/age index (HCT-CI/Age) to predict post-transplant survival for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The analysis included 942 AML/MDS patients treated with AHSCT. Patients were stratified into 4 HCT-CR risk groups: Low-risk-patients with low/intermediate DRI-R and HCT-CI/Age ≤3 (N = 272); Intermediate-risk-patients with low/intermediate DRI-R and HCT-CI/Age >3 (N = 168); High-risk-patients with high/very high DRI-R and HCT-CI/Age ≤3 (N = 284); and Very high-risk-patients with high/very high DRI-R and HCT-CI/Age >3 (N = 184). Compared with the low-risk group, intermediate, high, and very high-risk groups had a significantly increased risk of death [adjusted HR of 1.37 (P < 0.04), 2.08 (P < 0.001), and 2.92 (P < 0.001), respectively]. The concordance test showed that the HCT-CR model provided better discriminative capacity for OS prediction compared with all prior models independently, including cytogenetic risk group, DRI-R, and HCT-CI/Age model (C-indices: 0.62, 0.55, 0.60, and 0.54, respectively) (P < 0.001). In conclusion, combining disease- and patient-related factors provides better survival stratification for patients with AML/MDS receiving AHSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(11): e532-e542, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30389035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HCT) conditioning regimens that can reduce risk of relapse without increasing non-relapse mortality are needed. We aimed to test the safety of timed-sequential delivery of low-dose versus high-dose myeloablative busulfan in older patients and patients with comorbidities. METHODS: This non-stratified, open-label, randomised phase 2 trial was done at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX, USA). Patients with haematological cancers aged between 5 and 75 years were eligible to participate in the study. Patients who had HIV or uncontrollable infections were excluded. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1 by a computer-generated programme in block sizes of four) to receive a total intravenous busulfan dose to achieve an area under the curve of 16 000 µmol/min (16K group) or 20 000 µmol/min (20K group) on the basis of pharmacokinetic analysis, plus intravenous fludarabine 40 mg/m2 for 4 days. The investigators and the research nurses were masked to the block size to conceal allocation. The primary outcome was day 100 non-relapse mortality. All analyses were by modified intention to treat, including only patients who received at least one dose of the study drug. No interim analyses were planned and accrual is complete. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01572662. FINDINGS: Between April 18, 2012, and Dec 9, 2015, 98 patients were enrolled. 49 patients were randomly assigned to the 16K group and 49 to the 20K group, one of which was removed from the study before starting the intervention. Median age was 60 years (IQR 54-67). 50 (52%) patients had an HCT-specific comorbidity index score of 3 or more, and 41 (42%) had a high or very high Disease Risk Index score. Day 100 non-relapse mortality was 4% (95% CI 0-10) in the 16K group and 6% (0-13) in the 20K group (p=0·65). Infection was the most common grade 3-5 toxicity in both the 20K group (25 [52%] of 48 patients) and the 16K group (24 [49%] of 49 participants). Mucositis (nine [19%] of 48 patients vs three [6%] of 49 patients), idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (nine [19%] of 48 patients vs two [4%] of 49 patients), and culture-negative neutropenic fever (16 [33%] of 48 patients vs eight [16%] of 49 patients) were more common in the 20K group than in the 16K group. INTERPRETATION: Myeloablative doses of busulfan administered in a timed-sequential manner with fludarabine is associated with low non-relapse mortality in older patients and patients with comorbidities. Additional studies are required to show whether this approach can reduce the risk of relapse. FUNDING: Cancer Center Support Grant (US National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health).


Assuntos
Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Comorbidade , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Interações Medicamentosas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
18.
Blood Adv ; 2(17): 2254-2261, 2018 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30206098

RESUMO

Donor availability for allogeneic transplantation remains an important factor in determining outcomes of a successful transplant. We examined outcomes of 242 patients treated over 3 years who had a matched unrelated donor (MUD) search at our institution. One hundred sixty patients (66%) had a 10 of 10 MUD identified, and 85 (53%) proceeded to MUD transplantation. White patients and those with common haplotypes were more likely to have a MUD identified (odds ratio [OR], 7.4 [P < .0001]; OR, 41.6 [P < .0001]), and were more likely to proceed to transplantation with a MUD (OR, 11.2 [P < .0001]; OR, 85.1 [P = .002]). In addition, patients who were newly diagnosed/in remission at the time of MUD search had a higher probability of receiving a transplant (OR, 2.01 [P = .013]) and better progression-free survival (PFS; P < .0001). In multivariate analysis for patients who received a transplant, donor type did not influence PFS at 3 years, which was 40% for MUD and 57% for haploidentical transplants, respectively (hazard ratio, 1.2 [P = .50]). In conclusion, race, haplotype frequency, and disease status at the time of MUD search influence the probability of identifying a MUD and receiving a transplant. Patients with a low likelihood of receiving a MUD transplant may proceed to a haploidentical transplant as soon as indicated, as this approach does not appear to compromise transplant outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Doadores não Relacionados/provisão & distribuição , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Haplótipos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Haploidêntico , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(3): 315-325, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29269797

RESUMO

We report outcomes of 60 patients with steroid-refractory (SR)-aGVHD treated with pentostatin. Almost half (47%) of patients had grade 4 GVHD-22% had stage 3-4 liver GVHD and 51% had stage 3-4 lower gastrointestinal tract (LGI) GVHD. Patients received a median of 3 courses (range, 1-9) of pentostatin. Day 28 overall response rate (ORR) was 33% (n = 20) (complete response 18% (n = 11), partial response 15% (n = 9)). Non-relapse mortality was 72% (95% confidence interval (CI) 61-84%) and overall survival (OS) was 21% (95% CI 12-32%) at 18 months. On univariate analysis, age >60 years (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.01-3.7, p = 0.045) and presence of liver GVHD (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.9, 95% CI 1.5-3.3, p = 0.03) were significant predictors of poor OS while patients with LGI GVHD had superior OS than those without (HR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.8, p = 0.01). On stratified analysis, patients <60 years with isolated LGI GVHD had the best outcomes with an ORR of 48% and OS of 42% at 18 months. Among older patients, OS was 14% in those with isolated LGI aGVHD and 0% in others. Pentostatin remains a viable treatment option for SR-aGVHD, especially in patients 60 years or younger with isolated LGI involvement.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Seleção de Pacientes , Pentostatina/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Hepatopatias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Esteroides , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...