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1.
BMC Med ; 19(1): 301, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of people infected with and recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the extent of major health consequences of COVID-19 is unclear, including risks of severe secondary infections. METHODS: Based on 445,845 UK Biobank participants registered in England, we conducted a matched cohort study where 5151 individuals with a positive test result or hospitalized with a diagnosis of COVID-19 were included in the exposed group. We then randomly selected up to 10 matched individuals without COVID-19 diagnosis for each exposed individual (n = 51,402). The life-threatening secondary infections were defined as diagnoses of severe secondary infections with high mortality rates (i.e., sepsis, endocarditis, and central nervous system infections) from the UK Biobank inpatient hospital data, or deaths from these infections from mortality data. The follow-up period was limited to 3 months after the initial COVID-19 diagnosis. Using a similar study design, we additionally constructed a matched cohort where exposed individuals were diagnosed with seasonal influenza from either inpatient hospital or primary care data between 2010 and 2019 (6169 exposed and 61,555 unexposed individuals). After controlling for multiple confounders, Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of life-threatening secondary infections after COVID-19 or seasonal influenza. RESULTS: In the matched cohort for COVID-19, 50.22% of participants were male, and the median age at the index date was 66 years. During a median follow-up of 12.71 weeks, the incidence rate of life-threatening secondary infections was 2.23 (123/55.15) and 0.25 (151/600.55) per 1000 person-weeks for all patients with COVID-19 and their matched individuals, respectively, which corresponded to a fully adjusted HR of 8.19 (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.33-10.59). The corresponding HR of life-threatening secondary infections among all patients with seasonal influenza diagnosis was 4.50, 95% CI 3.34-6.08 (p for difference < 0.01). Also, elevated HRs were observed among hospitalized individuals for life-threatening secondary infections following hospital discharge, both in the COVID-19 (HR = 6.28 [95% CI 4.05-9.75]) and seasonal influenza (6.01 [95% CI 3.53-10.26], p for difference = 0.902) cohorts. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 patients have increased subsequent risks of life-threatening secondary infections, to an equal extent or beyond risk elevations observed for patients with seasonal influenza.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coinfecção , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
2.
ACS Omega ; 6(37): 24016-24026, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568680

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate mRNA expression profiling by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and validate differentially expressed genes (DEGs) as novel biomarkers for CAD. Transcriptome-wide mRNA expression analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was performed in five CAD patients and five controls. Functional enrichment analyses, protein-protein interaction network construction, and hub gene selection were further conducted. Relative expression levels of hub genes were validated by quantitative reverse transcription PCR in larger cohorts. Spearman correlation test and multiple linear regression analysis were applied to examine the relationship between confounding factors with severity of coronary artery atherosclerosis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was adopted to identify potentially diagnostic biomarkers for CAD. A total of 527 upregulated and 653 downregulated mRNAs were identified as DEGs in CAD patients. The relative expression levels of beta-transducin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (BTRC), F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 4 (FBXL4), ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 D2 (UBE2D2), and ankyrin repeat and SOCS box containing 1 (ASB1) were significantly different between two groups (all p ≤ 0.05). The severity of coronary artery atherosclerosis was negatively associated with the BTRC gene relative expression level (r = -0.323, p < 0.001) and positively with UBE2D2 (r = 0.285, p < 0.001). ROC analysis of BTRC and UBE2D2 genes showed that the areas under the curve were 0.782 (95% CI: 0.720-0.845, p < 0.001) and 0.753 (95% CI: 0.681-0.824, p < 0.001), respectively. We described the characteristics of mRNA expression in the peripheral blood of CAD patients and controls by RNA-seq. Combined with Spearman correlation analysis and ROC analyses, BTRC and UBE2D2 genes had significantly diagnostic values, which may have potential to act as novel diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for CAD.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 700630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513945

RESUMO

Background: Proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells in the coronary artery contribute to the deterioration of coronary artery disease (CAD). Aim: This research was designed to study the function of Shexiang Baoxin pills (SBPs) on the proliferation and migration of human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMCs) and their mechanism. Methods: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) was applied to stimulate the proliferation and migration of HCASMCs. The function of ox-LDL and SBP on HCASMCs was evidenced by the cell counting kit-8 assay, cell cycle, and Transwell assay. Network pharmacology was employed to predict the potential targets and pathways of SBP on CAD. Western blot assay and molecular docking were conducted to validate the potential targets and pathways. Results: The current research revealed that 2.5 mg/L SBP significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCASMCs. Besides, network pharmacology revealed 11 candidate targets. Molecular docking and Western blot assay validated that the activation of the top 2 targets STAT3 and MAPK14 was associated with the inhibition of HCASMCs. Moreover, the Western blot assay also detected that HCASMCs treated with ox-LDL promoted the phosphorylation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, and SBP inhibited the activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in HCASMCs stimulated by ox-LDL. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the treatment of CAD using SBP may result from the suppression of the proliferation and migration of HCASMCs. The mechanism of this function partly resulted from relieving the phosphorylation of targets STAT3 and MAPK14 and the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. This study enhanced our comprehension of SBP and provides new targets for the treatment of CAD.

4.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 15(5): 439-448, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456166

RESUMO

Adult weight gain is a good indicator of excess body fatness for breast cancer risk. However, little is known about the effect of weight gain during other special periods in women's lifetime. A publication search in PubMed and Embase through April 2020 was conducted. A primary meta-analysis comparing the highest and lowest category and a secondary meta-analysis based on dose-response meta-analysis were performed to calculate risk estimates with 95% confidence intervals using a random-effects model. For postmenopausal breast cancer, the relative risk for highest vs. lowest category of adult weight gain and weight gain since menopause were 1.55 and 1.59 (RR = 1.55, 95% CI: 1.40, 1.71; RR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.23, 2.05). For per 5 kg increase in adult weight gain, the summary RR of postmenopausal breast cancer was 1.08 (RR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.07, 1.09), which is much stronger in Asian women (RR = 1.34, 95% CI: 1.22, 1.47). There was no significant finding among premenopausal women (RR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.83, 1.21). Same as adult weight gain, weight gain since menopause might be an equivalent predictor for postmenopausal breast cancer risk. More studies are warranted to confirm the magnitude of this association further.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Feminino , Hormônios , Humanos , Menopausa , Fatores de Risco , Ganho de Peso
5.
Physiol Genomics ; 53(8): 349-357, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121455

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) function as promising biomarkers and therapeutic targets for coronary artery disease due to their high stability, covalently closed structure, and potential gene regulation. We aimed to identify the expression profile and role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in coronary artery disease (CAD). We performed RNA sequence analysis of circRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of five patients with CAD and five controls. Bioinformatics analyses were adopted to explore biological functions of differentially expressed circRNAs. The miRanda and TargetScan tools were used to predict the microRNA (miRNA)-targeting interactions and to construct a triple network of differentially expressed gene-circRNA-miRNA-mRNA. In total, 13,160 downregulated and 12,905 upregulated circRNAs were identified in CAD. A gene ontology annotation analysis showed that genes in the network were involved in organelle organization, cell cycle, mitotic cycle, and cellular metabolic process. Parental genes of the 10 dysregulated circRNAs were involved in metabolism and protein modification, and these circRNAs might regulate gene expression associated with CAD via miRNA sponges. As potential competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs), dysregulated circRNAs may be involved in the pathogenesis of CAD, which provides new insights into the diagnosis and prognosis of coronary artery disease.

6.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 656636, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34084771

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in atherosclerosis and validate the expression of lncRNAs and co-expressed target genes in proliferation and migration models of human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMCs). Ten coronary artery specimens from a subject who died from a heart attack were employed. The pathological analysis was analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, and the lncRNAs and mRNAs were identified by RNA sequencing. Bioinformatic analyses were performed to predict possible mechanisms. The proliferation and migration of HCASMCs were induced with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). In this study, 68 lncRNAs and 222 mRNAs were identified differentially expressed in atherosclerosis. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses showed that the Fanconi anemia pathway may be involved in atherosclerosis. GON4L was found to be the co-localized target gene of LNC_000439, and 14 genes had high correlations with the expression of seven lncRNAs. In addition, nine lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks were constructed, and 53 co-expressed gene modules were detected with weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). LNC_000684, LNC_001046, LNC_001333, LNC_001538, and LNC_002115 were downregulated, while LNC_002936 was upregulated in proliferation and migration models of HCASMCs. In total, six co-expressed mRNAs were upregulated in HCASMCs. This study suggests that the differentially expressed lncRNAs identified by RNA sequencing and validated in smooth muscle cells may be a target for regulating HCASMC proliferation and migration in atherosclerosis, which will provide a new diagnostic basis and therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

7.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 171: 55-68, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974977

RESUMO

Ferroptosis and pyroptosis have not been fully studied in atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the expression of ferroptosis-related and pyroptosis-related proteins in human coronary arteries and analyse correlation with severity of atherosclerosis and clarify the interactions between proteins and possible mechanisms of atherosclerosis. 40 human coronary artery specimens were employed. The atherosclerotic lesions were characterized by Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) staining. The expression of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), anti-acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), caspase-1, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) were analysed by immunohistochemical assay. Correlations between expression of proteins and severity of atherosclerosis were assessed using Spearman correlation analysis. Bioinformatic and coexpression analyses were performed to study the possible pathways and interactions. In the present study, PTGS2, ACSL4, caspase-1, and NLRP3, were upregulated, while GPX4 was downregulated in the advanced stages of atherosclerosis. The severity of atherosclerosis was positively associated with the expression of PTGS2, ACSL4, caspase-1, and NLRP3 and negatively associated with the expression of GPX4. Biological processes of lipid metabolism and inflammation and C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway were enriched. The five proteins interacted with each other directly or indirectly and PTGS2 might be the hub gene of atherosclerosis. Ferroptosis and pyroptosis may regulate the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. These findings may shed light on new ideas and potential targets for the prevention and treatment of coronary artery atherosclerosis and the proteins may be used as biomarkers for the severity of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Ferroptose , Aterosclerose/genética , Vasos Coronários , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Humanos , Piroptose
8.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035478

RESUMO

Patients with depression are at increased risk for a range of comorbid diseases, with, however, unclear explanations. In this large community-based cohort study of the UK Biobank, 24,130 patients diagnosed with depression were compared to 120,366 matched individuals without such a diagnosis. Follow-up was conducted from 6 months after the index date until death or the end of 2019, for the occurrence of 470 medical conditions and 16 specific causes of death. The median age at the time of the depression diagnosis was 62.0 years, and most of the patients were female (63.63%). During a median follow-up of 4.94 years, 129 medical conditions were found to be significantly associated with a prior diagnosis of depression, based on adjusted Cox regression models. Using disease trajectory network analysis to visualize the magnitude of disease-disease associations and the temporal order of the associated medical conditions, we identified three main affected disease clusters after depression (i.e., cardiometabolic diseases, chronic inflammatory diseases, and diseases related to tobacco abuse), which were further linked to a wider range of other conditions. In addition, we also identified three depression-mortality trajectories leading to death due to cardiovascular disease, respiratory system disease and malignant neoplasm. In conclusion, an inpatient diagnosis of depression in later life is associated with three distinct network-based clusters of medical conditions, indicating alterations in the cardiometabolic system, chronic status of inflammation, and tobacco abuse as key pathways to a wide range of other conditions downstream. If replicated, these pathways may constitute promising targets for the health promotion among depression patients.

9.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(2): 259-266, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829700

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the individual or combined effects of adiponectin, leptin, and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) on risks for premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer, and to provide evidence for revealing the molecular mechanism between obesity and breast cancer. Methods: 469 newly-diagnosed breast cancer cases were sequentially recruited for the study and 469 age-frequency-matched healthy women were enrolled as the controls over the same period of time. The participant baseline information was collected with questionnaires, and plasmic levels of adiponectin, leptin and sOB-R were checked with ELISA. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression was conducted and the analyses were further stratified according to waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and body mass index (BMI) to explore the effect of the indicators on the risks for premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer. Results: A total of 480 premenopausal and 458 postmenopausal women were included in the study. Among the premenopausal subjects, 249 were breast cancer patients and 231 were controls. The median BMI was 22.9 kg/m 2and 23.2 kg /m 2, respectively, and the median WHR was 0.80 and 0.83, respectively. Among the postmenopausal subjects, 220 were breast cancer patients and 238 were controls. The median BMI was 23.4 kg/m 2 and 23.7 kg/m 2, respectively, and the median WHR was 0.82 and 0.86, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that before and after model adjustment, the increase in sOB-R and adiponectin levels was correlated to reduced risks of premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer ( P<0.05), while the increase in the leptin/sOB-R ratio (also known as free leptin index, FLI) and leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio was only correlated to increased risks of postmenopausal breast cancer. After further stratification by WHR and BMI, the association between adiponectin, FLI and postmenopausal breast cancer remained statistically significant in all subgroups. Among subjects with normal-BMI central obesity (18.5 kg/m 2≤BMI<24 kg/m 2 & WHR≥0.85) , higher L/A ratio was associated with an increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. No clear association between leptin and premenopausal and risks for postmenopausal breast cancer was found in the study. Conclusion: Postmenopausal women with decreased levels of sOB-R and adiponectin, and increased FLI and L/A, and premenopausal women with decreased levels of sOB-R and adiponectin were found to be at high risks for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Leptina , Adiponectina , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Receptores para Leptina/genética
10.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(10): 6434-6444, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194041

RESUMO

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has rapidly spread across the globe while little multi-center research about the epidemiological characteristics of cluster transmission is conducted. To provide a more comprehensive description of the epidemiological characteristics of cluster transmission and the virulence of SARS-CoV-2 carried by asymptomatic carriers, we studied the epidemiological characteristics of 70 clusters. 70 clusters including 311 consecutive subjects from January 20, 2020, to March 10, 2020, were enrolled. Of 70 clusters, 5 were infected by asymptomatic or presymptomatic carriers. We gathered and analyzed information about their demographic, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic classification, and cluster characteristics. Among the 66 asymptomatic carriers in Jiangsu Province, 49 asymptomatic were observed in 311 subjects distributed in 70 clusters. We demonstrated that there is a significance between the severity of cases infected by asymptomatic carriers and cases infected by symptomatic patients (P=0.033) and the former usually presented with milder symptoms. A significant difference was shown regarding the level distribution of age (P=0.006) and the frequency distribution of gender (P=0.014) and disease severity of COVID-19 (P=0.008) among the seven groups classified by the relationship with the index cases. The average age of infected medical staff was the youngest and the majority of infected medical are females while the infected patients were generally oldest and usually accompanied by severest symptoms. We concluded that asymptomatic carriers are mainly screened out of clusters and the patients infected by asymptomatic carriers present with milder symptoms than those infected by symptomatic patients, which indicated that the SARS-CoV-2 shares decreased virulence among asymptomatic carriers. Effective measures should be taken to prevent transmission in hospitals to protect doctors, nurses, and patients.

11.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(12): e23552, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) may act as biomarkers of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the relationship between expression characteristics of circRNAs and coronary atherosclerosis has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize the circRNAs from human coronary artery. METHODS: The coronary artery segments were obtained from an 81-year-old male patient with sudden death of myocardial infarction at autopsy. The coronary stenosis and atherosclerosis were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, and the circRNAs expression profile was characterized by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). The differentially expressed circRNAs were validated by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: The analysis of H&E staining indicated that coronary atherosclerosis grade and extent in the LM was more serious than that in other coronary arteries. Twenty-seven circRNAs were selected for expression validation in coronary artery. CircRNAs corresponding cyclization sites of 3 circRNAs (hsa_circ_0016868, hsa_circ_0001364, hsa_circ_0006731) have been verified by Sanger sequencing. CONCLUSION: The 3 circRNAs are suggested to play a pathological role underlying the coronary arteries atherosclerosis and may serve as a valuable resource as diagnostic or therapeutic targets against CAD.

12.
JMIR Med Inform ; 8(6): e17364, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk-based breast cancer screening is a cost-effective intervention for controlling breast cancer in China, but the successful implementation of such intervention requires an accurate breast cancer prediction model for Chinese women. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the performance of four machine learning algorithms on predicting breast cancer among Chinese women using 10 breast cancer risk factors. METHODS: A dataset consisting of 7127 breast cancer cases and 7127 matched healthy controls was used for model training and testing. We used repeated 5-fold cross-validation and calculated AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy as the measures of the model performance. RESULTS: The three novel machine-learning algorithms (XGBoost, Random Forest and Deep Neural Network) all achieved significantly higher area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs), sensitivity, and accuracy than logistic regression. Among the three novel machine learning algorithms, XGBoost (AUC 0.742) outperformed deep neural network (AUC 0.728) and random forest (AUC 0.728). Main residence, number of live births, menopause status, age, and age at first birth were considered as top-ranked variables in the three novel machine learning algorithms. CONCLUSIONS: The novel machine learning algorithms, especially XGBoost, can be used to develop breast cancer prediction models to help identify women at high risk for breast cancer in developing countries.

13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 182(1): 195-206, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415498

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the association between long-term excess body fat and breast cancer risk by studying adult weight gain together with the subsequent weight fluctuations. METHODS: Weight gain measure in three different time periods in adulthood of 1500 participants was collected in a case-control study of Western China. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% CIs. RESULTS: The increased risk of postmenopausal BC was associated with adult weight gain at 5 years and at 10 years before enrollment (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.03-1.49 per 5 kg increase; OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.14-1.70 per 5 kg increase) but was not associated with adult weight gain at enrollment (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.81-1.16 per 5 kg increase). Only a positive association was observed in premenopausal women who had gained > 5.0 kg at 10 years before enrollment (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.10-2.35). Women who had gained > 5.0 kg at 10 years before enrollment and continued to gain during the subsequent 5 years had the highest postmenopausal BC risk (OR 3.34, 95% CI 1.58-7.08). CONCLUSION: Adult weight gain at 5 years and 10 years before enrollment are more closely associated with postmenopausal BC risk than adult weight gain at enrollment in Western China. Controlling body weight as early as possible throughout adulthood to keep weight gain not more than 5.0 kg is particularly necessary for Chinese women.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/fisiopatologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
14.
Clin Transl Sci ; 13(6): 1077-1086, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315487

RESUMO

In this study we report on the clinical and autoimmune characteristics of severe and critical novel coronavirus pneumonia caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The clinical, autoimmune, and laboratory characteristics of 21 patients who had laboratory-confirmed severe and critical cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from the intensive care unit of the Huangshi Central Hospital, Hubei Province, China, were investigated. A total of 21 patients (13 men and 8 women), including 8 (38.1%) severe cases and 13 (61.9%) critical cases, were enrolled. Cough (90.5%) and fever (81.0%) were the dominant symptoms, and most patients (76.2%) had at least one coexisting disorder on admission. The most common characteristics on chest computed tomography were ground-glass opacity (100%) and bilateral patchy shadowing (76.2%). The most common findings on laboratory measurement were lymphocytopenia (85.7%) and elevated levels of C-reactive protein (94.7%) and interleukin-6 (89.5%). The prevalence of anti-52 kDa SSA/Ro antibody, anti-60 kDa SSA/Ro antibody, and antinuclear antibody was 20%, 25%, and 50%, respectively. We also retrospectively analyzed the clinical and laboratory data from 21 severe and critical cases of COVID-19. Autoimmune phenomena exist in COVID-19 subjects, and the present results provide the rationale for a strategy of preventing immune dysfunction and optimal immunosuppressive therapy.


Assuntos
Autoimunidade , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoanticorpos/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , COVID-19/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Med Virol ; 92(7): 841-848, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243599

RESUMO

A novel coronavirus pneumonia, first identified in Wuhan City and referred to as COVID-19 by the World Health Organization, has been quickly spreading to other cities and countries. To control the epidemic, the Chinese government mandated a quarantine of the Wuhan city on January 23, 2020. To explore the effectiveness of the quarantine of the Wuhan city against this epidemic, transmission dynamics of COVID-19 have been estimated. A well-mixed "susceptible exposed infectious recovered" (SEIR) compartmental model was employed to describe the dynamics of the COVID-19 epidemic based on epidemiological characteristics of individuals, clinical progression of COVID-19, and quarantine intervention measures of the authority. Considering infected individuals as contagious during the latency period, the well-mixed SEIR model fitting results based on the assumed contact rate of latent individuals are within 6-18, which represented the possible impact of quarantine and isolation interventions on disease infections, whereas other parameter were suppose as unchanged under the current intervention. The present study shows that, by reducing the contact rate of latent individuals, interventions such as quarantine and isolation can effectively reduce the potential peak number of COVID-19 infections and delay the time of peak infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Surtos de Doenças , Modelos Estatísticos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Quarentena , Adulto , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e918972, 2020 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Whether type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is independently associated with structural heart abnormalities is controversial because of confounders associated with T2DM. This study aimed to investigate echocardiographic features in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM, exploring changes in cardiac structure and function. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective study of new T2DM cases treated at the Second People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University (Changzhou) in 2014-2016. In all, 128 T2DM cases were included (62 hypertensive and 66 non-hypertensive individuals). Controls were selected among individuals who underwent examination at the same department/period. Interventricular septal thickness (IVST), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), posterior left ventricular wall thickness (PWTD), left ventricle mass (LVM), end-diastolic thickness of left ventricular posterior wall (Dd), aortic root diameter, left atrial diameter (LAd), left atrial diameter fraction-shortening values, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were determined routinely. RESULTS IVST, LVEDD, PWTD, Dd, LAd, and left atrial diameter fraction-shortening values were larger in patients with T2DM (all P<0.05 vs. controls). LVM was higher in T2DM patients (median, 57.12 vs. 54.77 g, P=0.001). There were no differences in aortic root diameter and EF (both P>0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that IVST (OR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.01-1.76, P=0.04), LAd (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 1.07-1.25, P<0.001), TGs (OR=1.34, 95% CI: 1.09-1.63, P=0.005), and HDL (OR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.02-2.08, P=0.04) were independently associated with hypertension in patients with T2DM. CONCLUSIONS Patients with newly diagnosed T2DM already display structural heart abnormalities. LAd and IVST are independently associated with hypertension in these patients, probably contributing to increased cardiovascular risk.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada
17.
Zootaxa ; 4603(1): zootaxa.4603.1.1, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717237

RESUMO

The species of Estheria Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae) from the East Palearctic and Oriental regions are reviewed. Eighteen species are recognized: the fourteen previously described, E. acuta (Portschinsky, 1881), E. alticola Mesnil, 1967, E. bucharensis (Kolomiets, 1974), E. cinerella Mesnil, 1967, E. cristata (Meigen, 1826), E. decolor (Pandellé, 1896), E. flavipennis Herting, 1968, E. lacteipennis Mesnil, 1967, E. maculipennis Herting, 1968, E. magna (Baranov, 1935), E. nigripes (Villeneuve, 1920), E. pallicornis (Loew, 1873), E. petiolata (Bonsdorff, 1866) and E. picta (Meigen, 1826), and four species described as new to science, E. hirtinerva Zhang Shima sp. nov. (W China, Nepal), E. prostata Zhang Shima sp. nov. (W China, Nepal), E. tibetensis Zhang Shima sp. nov. (W China, Nepal) and E. wangi Zhang Liang sp. nov. (W China, Pakistan). Estheria acuta and E. decolor are newly recorded for China, E. magna is newly recorded for Malaysia, Pakistan and Vietnam, and E. pallicornis is newly recorded for Nepal. An identification key to the 18 species of Estheria so far known from the East Palearctic and Oriental regions is included, together with 126 figures of heads and habitus of males and females, and male terminalia and known distributions.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino , Nepal
18.
Thorac Cancer ; 10(2): 304-311, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationships between coagulation factors and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prognosis have been intensively studied. However, no previous study has investigated the combined effects of preoperative platelet (PLT), fibrinogen (FIB), and D-dimer (D-D) levels on the prognosis of NSCLC. METHODS: A multicenter prospective study was conducted over seven hospitals. A total of 395 patients diagnosed with operable NSCLC for the first time were included and followed-up until disease progression or the end of the study. Baseline demographic and clinicopathological information, and preoperative coagulation test results were collected for each patient. Univariate and multilevel survival analyses were conducted using Cox regression and shared frailty models. RESULTS: Multilevel analyses revealed that there was a marginally significant association between elevated PLT level (> 215 × 109 /L) and unfavorable progression-free survival (PFS) (hazard ratio 2.42, P = 0.05), whereas preoperative FIB and D-D were not significant prognostic factors for PFS (P = 0.31 and 0.30, respectively). Compared to patients with one elevation of the three coagulation factors, patients with at least two elevations of the three factors had a significantly higher risk of cancer progression (hazard ratio 4.62, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: The number of elevated preoperative coagulation factors may have a significant effect on PFS and could be used to predict the prognosis of NSCLC patients after surgery. Future studies are warranted to further investigate the interactions between these three coagulation factors.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Plaquetas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
J Diabetes Investig ; 10(1): 51-61, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791073

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Genetic and epigenetic mechanisms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes, and histone acetylation is an epigenetic modification pattern that activates gene transcription. However, the genome-wide histone H3 acetylation in new-onset type 1 diabetes patients has not been well described. Accordingly, we aimed to unveil the genome-wide promoter acetylation profile in CD4+ T lymphocytes from type 1 diabetes patients, especially for those who are glutamate decarboxylase antibody-positive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes who were glutamate decarboxylase antibody-positive were enrolled, and 12 healthy individuals were recruited as controls. The global histone H3 acetylation level of CD4+ T lymphocytes from peripheral blood was detected by western blot, with chromatin immunoprecipitation linked to microarrays to characterize the promoter acetylation profile. Furthermore, we validated the results of particular genes from chromatin immunoprecipitation linked to microarrays by using chromatin immunoprecipitation quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and analyzed the transcription level by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Elevated global histone H3 acetylation level was observed in type 1 diabetes patients, with 607 differentially acetylated genes identified between type 1 diabetes patients and controls by chromatin immunoprecipitation linked to microarrays. The hyperacetylated genes were enriched in biological processes involved in immune cell activation and inflammatory response. Gene-specific assessments showed that increased transcription of inducible T-cell costimulator was in concordance with the elevated acetylation in its gene promoter, along with positive correlation with glutamate decarboxylase antibody titer in type 1 diabetes patients. CONCLUSIONS: The present study generates a genome-wide histone acetylation profile specific to CD4+ T lymphocytes in type 1 diabetes patients who are glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody-positive, which is instrumental in improving our understanding of the epigenetic involvement in autoimmune diabetes.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Glutamato Descarboxilase/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária , Acetilação , Adulto , Anticorpos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/imunologia , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Glutamato Descarboxilase/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino
20.
J Epidemiol ; 29(5): 173-179, 2019 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30101815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between induced abortion and birth control methods (including oral contraceptives and intrauterine devices) and breast cancer may vary among countries, due to the different usage and frequency of birth control methods and induced abortion among countries. A better understanding of this association may help in determining safer birth control methods for Chinese women. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with a total of 794 cases and 805 controls. Standardized questionnaires were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, exposure to induced abortion, birth control methods, and other risk factors for breast cancer. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to explore the association between birth control methods and breast cancer. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that having a history of medical abortions, ≥3 surgical abortions, or both medical and surgical abortions was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women (odds ratio [OR] 2.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-5.40). Pre-menopausal women who had used intra-uterine devices (IUDs) for more than 20 years tended to have a lower breast cancer risk than other age-matched pre-menopausal women (OR 0.41; 95% CI, 0.25-0.68). Both pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women who had <20 years exposure to IUDs and those who had used two or more birth control methods (with the exception of women who used IUDs for more than 20 years) tended to have much higher breast cancer risk. CONCLUSION: The relationship between induced abortion and birth control methods and breast cancer was complex, though being exposed to induced abortion and two or more birth control methods in one's lifetime appeared to be risk factors for breast cancer in Chinese women.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Anticoncepção/efeitos adversos , Anticoncepção/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Anticoncepcionais Orais/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
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