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J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510768


This retrospective study was to compare the image quality of right coronary artery (RCA) and effective radiation dose on prospective ECG-gated method between 320 row computed tomography (CT) and 2nd generation (128-slice) dual source CT. A total of 215 candidates underwent CT coronary angiography using prospective ECG-gated method, 120 patients enrolled in 320 row CT group, and 95 patients in dual source CT group. We divided RCA image quality scores as 1/2/3/4, which means excellent/good/adequate/not assessable and heart rates were considered, as well as the radiation dose. There is no statistically significant difference of RCA image quality of Score 1/2 between 320 row CT and 2nd generation dual source CT, but lower heart rate (<70/min) improved RCA image quality. Meanwhile, the 2nd generation dual source CT scan have significant lower radiation dose. For patients with high level heart rate variation, both prospective ECG-gated method of 320 row CT scan (Toshiba) and 2nd generation dual source CT scan (Siemens) basically provided good image quality on RCA. There is an advantage of effective radiation dose reduction in prospective ECG-gated method using the 2nd generation dual source CT scan. After the iodine contrast agent was injected into elbow vein, the threshold triggering method was used to carry out prospective gated scanning, and the acquired fault image was reconstructed by the standard post-processing software of each manufacturer. The radiation dose value is obtained through the dose report automatically generated after each scan.

Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(52): e9535, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384971


PURPOSE: The present study investigates the side effects and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous iodine-125 (I-125) seeds implantation for advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for patients treated with implantation of I-125 seeds under CT-guide in our hospital from May 2010 to April 2015. The side effects and complications were collected and their possible reasons were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were enrolled. The side effects were categorized as fever in 29 cases (37.18%), abdominal pain in 26 cases (33.33%), nausea and vomiting in 9 cases (11.54%), diarrhea in 5 cases (6.41%), and constipation in 4 cases (5.13%). Complications were composed of pancreatitis in 9 cases (11.54%), infection in 5 cases (6.41%), seed migration in 2 cases (2.56%), intestinal perforation in 1 case (1.28%), and intestinal obstruction in 1 case. The incidence of complication was 23.08% (18/78). The difference in incidence of complication was statistically significant between patients implanted with ≤27 seeds and those with >27 seeds (P = .032). CONCLUSION: The side effects and complications frequently occur in implantation of I-125 seeds for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. More concern should be given to the patients treated by this technique.

Braquiterapia/efeitos adversos , Braquiterapia/métodos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Intervencionista , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X