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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075016

RESUMO

Sclerostin and dickkopf-1 (DKK1) played a role in the development of cardiovascular diseases and arterial stiffness in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients but with controversial results of patients in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) including hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study aimed to examine the association between the mode of dialysis or the values of sclerostin or DKK1 and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in ESRD patients. There were 122 HD and 72 PD patients enrolled in this study. By a validated tonometry system, cfPWV was measured and then segregated patients into values of >10 m/s as the high central arterial stiffness (AS) group and values ≤ 10 m/s as the control group. Serum levels of sclerostin and DKK1 were measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Possible risk factors for the development of AS were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. There were 21 (29.2%) of PD and 53 (43.4%) of HD in the high AS group. Compared to patients in the control group, those in the high AS group were older, had more comorbidities, had higher systolic blood pressure, and had higher serum levels of fasting glucose, C-reactive protein, and sclerostin. Levels of sclerostin (adjusted OR 1.012, 95% CI. 1.006-1.017, p = 0.0001) was found to be an independent predictor of high AS in ESRD patients by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values of sclerostin for predicting AS was 208.64 pmol/L (Area under the curve 0.673, 95% CI: 0.603-0.739, p < 0.001). This study showed that serum levels of sclerostin, but not DKK1 or mode of dialysis, to be a predictor for high central AS in ESRD patients.

2.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e1, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910921

RESUMO

Chlamydia spp. are a group of obligate intracellular pathogens causing a number of diseases in animals and humans. Avian chlamydiosis (AC), caused by Chlamydia psittaci (C. psittaci) as well as new emerging C. avium, C. gallinacea and C. ibidis, have been described in nearly 500 avian species worldwidely. The Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon) is a world endangered avian species with limited population and vulnerable for various infections. To get a better understanding of the prevalence of Chlamydia spp. in the endangered Crested Ibis, faecal samples were collected and analysed. The results confirmed that 20.20% (20/99) of the faecal samples were positive for Chlamydiaceae and were identified as C. ibidis with co-existence of C. psittaci in one of the 20 positive samples. In addition, ompA sequence of C. psittaci obtained in this study was classified into the provisional genotype Matt116, while that of C. ibidis showed high genetic diversity, sharing only 77% identity with C. ibidis reference strain 10-1398/6. We report for the first time the presence of C. ibidis and C. psittaci in the Crested Ibis, which may indicate a potential threat to the endangered birds and should be aware of the future protection practice.

3.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(1): 6-11, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960391

RESUMO

Related studies in the literature indicate that over half (50-84%) of patients exhibit physiological variations 6 hours before experiencing cardiac arrest. Early warning systems improve the ability of medical teams to detect patient deterioration and then immediately treat sudden cardiac arrest during patient hospitalization. This article aims to strengthen general understanding among clinical medical staffs of the early warning system. Understanding the reasons and motivations for establishing this system is expected to help readers better distinguish the physiological monitoring indicators of this system and its importance in terms of improving patient safety. In particular, using the system to identify patients at risk levels of medium or higher will help facilitate their timely transfer to an intensive care unit for appropriate monitoring and care. This article further explores the application of early warning systems in nursing to help nurses understand their professional roles and responsibilities as members of the rapid-response team. Finally, information in this article teaches medical staffs how to avoid unanticipated cardiac arrest events, create a comprehensive patient safety environment, and improve the quality of medical care.


Assuntos
Deterioração Clínica , Diagnóstico Precoce , Parada Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Equipe de Respostas Rápidas de Hospitais/organização & administração , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
4.
Nature ; 577(7788): 109-114, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827280

RESUMO

Activation of RIPK1 controls TNF-mediated apoptosis, necroptosis and inflammatory pathways1. Cleavage of human and mouse RIPK1 after residues D324 and D325, respectively, by caspase-8 separates the RIPK1 kinase domain from the intermediate and death domains. The D325A mutation in mouse RIPK1 leads to embryonic lethality during mouse development2,3. However, the functional importance of blocking caspase-8-mediated cleavage of RIPK1 on RIPK1 activation in humans is unknown. Here we identify two families with variants in RIPK1 (D324V and D324H) that lead to distinct symptoms of recurrent fevers and lymphadenopathy in an autosomal-dominant manner. Impaired cleavage of RIPK1 D324 variants by caspase-8 sensitized patients' peripheral blood mononuclear cells to RIPK1 activation, apoptosis and necroptosis induced by TNF. The patients showed strong RIPK1-dependent activation of inflammatory signalling pathways and overproduction of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines compared with unaffected controls. Furthermore, we show that expression of the RIPK1 mutants D325V or D325H in mouse embryonic fibroblasts confers not only increased sensitivity to RIPK1 activation-mediated apoptosis and necroptosis, but also induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF. By contrast, patient-derived fibroblasts showed reduced expression of RIPK1 and downregulated production of reactive oxygen species, resulting in resistance to necroptosis and ferroptosis. Together, these data suggest that human non-cleavable RIPK1 variants promote activation of RIPK1, and lead to an autoinflammatory disease characterized by hypersensitivity to apoptosis and necroptosis and increased inflammatory response in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, as well as a compensatory mechanism to protect against several pro-death stimuli in fibroblasts.

5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872367

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease that can lead to systemic manifestations. At present, immunomodulatory agents have not shown good efficacy, many patients in China seek Chinese medicine treatment. Chinese medicine can comprehensively improve the symptoms of patients through Chinese pattern diagnosis and individualized treatment. Fundamental researches are providing scientific bases for the therapeutic effect of Chinese medicine. Professional Chinese medicine treatment can be integrated into the conventional management of primary Sjögren's syndrome.

7.
J Clin Immunol ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745699

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We sought to further investigate the efficacy and safety of pioglitazone for chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients with severe infection. METHODS: CGD patients with severe infection were enrolled and treated with pioglitazone for 90 days. The degree of improvement in infection and the changes of dihydrorhodamine-123 (DHR) were used to evaluate the efficacy of pioglitazone. The adverse reaction of pioglitazone was also investigated. RESULTS: We planned to enroll 30 patients at first in the study. However, the study was terminated due to negative results from all 3 enrolled patients. The 3 patients were diagnosed with CGD by clinical characteristics, DHR analysis, and genetics analysis. Mutations were CYBB (c.177C>A; p.C59X) in P1, CYBB (c.1498G>T; p.D500Y) in P2, and NCF2 (c.137T>G; p.M46R) in P3, respectively. The age of onset of the 3 patients was within 2 years after birth. The most common sites of infection were lung, lymph node, skin, and soft tissue, which were experienced in all 3 patients. The age of administration with pioglitazone was 5.2 years, 16 years and 11.1 years, respectively. The 3 patients experienced no improvement in severity of infection and stimulation index of the DHR did not also improve after receiving pioglitazone 10, 45 and 90 days, respectively. No drug-related adverse reaction was found during the period of pioglitazone. CONCLUSIONS: Low dose of pioglitazone did not improve the severity of infection and production of ROS in CGD patients with severe infection.

8.
Curr Gene Ther ; 19(5): 330-341, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a malignant tumor that is difficult to eliminate, and new therapies are thus strongly desired. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the ability to locate to injured tissues, inflammation sites and tumors and are thus good candidates for carrying antitumor genes for the treatment of tumors. Treating GBM with MSCs that have been transduced with the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene has brought significant advances because MSCs can exert a bystander effect on tumor cells upon treatment with the prodrug ganciclovir (GCV). OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine whether HSV-TK-expressing umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCTKs) together with prodrug GCV treatment could exert a bystander killing effect on GBM. METHODS AND RESULTS: Compared with MSCTK: U87 ratio at 1:10,1:100 and 1:100, GCV concentration at 2.5µM or 250µM, when MSCTKs were cocultured with U87 cells at a ratio of 1:1, 25 µM GCV exerted a more stable killing effect. Higher amounts of MSCTKs cocultured with U87 cells were correlated with a better bystander effect exerted by the MSCTK/GCV system. We built U87-driven subcutaneous tumor models and brain intracranial tumor models to evaluate the efficiency of the MSCTK/GCV system on subcutaneous and intracranial tumors and found that MSCTK/GCV was effective in both models. The ratio of MSCTKs and tumor cells played a critical role in this therapeutic effect, with a higher MSCTK/U87 ratio exerting a better effect. CONCLUSION: This research suggested that the MSCTK/GCV system exerts a strong bystander effect on GBM tumor cells, and this system may be a promising assistant method for GBM postoperative therapy.

9.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2019: 5163245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582974

RESUMO

Background: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) acts as a potent metabolic regulator. Serum FGF21 levels were significantly higher in obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum FGF21 levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in T2DM patients. Methods: Fasting blood samples were obtained from 126 T2DM patients. MetS and its components were defined according to the diagnostic criteria from the International Diabetes Federation. Serum FGF21 concentrations were measured using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Among these patients, 84 (66.7%) had MetS. Female gender, hypertension, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), waist circumference (WC), body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), body fat mass, fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin level (HbA1c), triglyceride level (TG), urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), insulin level, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and FGF21 levels were higher, whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level (HDL-C) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were lower in DM patients with MetS. Univariate linear analysis revealed that hypertension, BMI, WC, body fat mass, SBP, DBP, logarithmically transformed TG (log-TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level, log-glucose, log-creatinine, log-UACR, log-insulin, and log-HOMA-IR positively correlated, whereas HDL-C and eGFR negatively correlated with serum FGF21 levels in T2DM patients. Multivariate forward stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that body fat mass (adjusted R 2 change = 0.218; P=0.008) and log-TG (adjusted R 2 change = 0.036; P < 0.001) positively correlated, whereas eGFR (adjusted R 2 change = 0.033; P=0.013) negatively correlated with serum FGF21 levels in T2DM patients. Conclusions: This study showed that higher serum FGF21 levels were positively associated with MetS in T2DM patients and significantly positively related to body fat mass and TG but negatively related to eGFR in these subjects.

11.
Opt Express ; 27(16): 23173-23185, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510600

RESUMO

Two-dimensional phase unwrapping algorithms are widely used in optical metrology and measurements. The high noise from interference measurements, however, often leads to the failure of conventional phase unwrapping algorithms. In this paper, we propose a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) based method to perform rapid and robust two-dimensional phase unwrapping. In our approach, we employ a DCNN architecture, DeepLabV3+, with noise suppression and strong feature representation capabilities. The employed DCNN is first used to perform semantic segmentation to obtain the segmentation result of the wrapped phase map. We then combine the wrapped phase map with the segmentation result to generate the unwrapped phase. We benchmarked our results by comparing them with well-established methods. The reported approach out-performed the conventional path-dependent and path-independent algorithms. We also tested the robustness of the reported approach using interference measurements from optical metrology setups. Our results, again, clearly out-performed the conventional phase unwrap algorithms. The reported approach may find applications in optical metrology and microscopy imaging.

12.
Sci Adv ; 5(7): eaau8301, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531392

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia (CI) results from inadequate blood flow to the brain. The difficulty of delivering therapeutic molecules to lesions resulting from CI hinders the effective treatment of this disease. The inflammatory response following CI offers a unique opportunity for drug delivery to the ischemic brain and targeted cells because of the recruitment of leukocytes to the stroke core and penumbra. In the present study, neutrophils and monocytes were explored as cell carriers after selectively carrying cRGD liposomes, which effectively transmigrated the blood-brain barrier, infiltrated the cerebral parenchyma, and delivered therapeutic molecules to the injured sites and target cells. Our results showed the successful comigration of liposomes with neutrophils/monocytes and that both monocytes and neutrophils were important for successful delivery. Enhanced protection against ischemic injury was achieved in the CI/reperfusion model. The strategy presented here shows potential in the treatment of CI and other diseases related to inflammation.

13.
Curr Med Chem ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419927

RESUMO

The development of new medical cancer treatment technologies is of great significance in reducing cancer mortality. Traditional clinical cancer therapy has a short drug action time, difficulty in accurately targeting tumour tissues and high levels of toxicity in normal tissues. With the development of nanotechnology, nanomaterials have been used as drug carriers to specifically target cancer cells and release drugs into the tumour environment. This technique has become an important research hotspot in cancer treatment. There are several advantages of using nanomaterials for cancer treatment that improve the efficacy of drug delivery, including increased drug concentrations in the targeted tumour area, reduced toxicity in normal tissues and controlled drug release. In this work, we describe the latest research development on the use of nanomaterials for drug delivery in cancer treatment, and explore related mechanistic pathways. In addition, the methods used to control drug release into the targeted area using nanocarriers are reviewed in detail. Overall, we present current achievements using nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in cancer treatment, including current challenges and future prospects.

14.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 28(3): 442-449, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between skeletal muscle status and gastric cancer (GC) prognosis remains unclear. Here, we investigated the impact of the skeletal muscle index (SMI) on overall survival (OS) in GC patients after radical gastrectomy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We divided 178 patients into four groups: adult men, adult women, elderly men and elderly women. The SMI, calculated using CT images, of patients was graded using cutoff values of group-specific tertiles. Age, body mass index, SMI grade, Charlson comorbidity index, surgical method (total vs distal gastrectomy), tumor stage, and histological type and differentiation were included in Cox regression models to assess the primary outcome parameter of OS. A new prognostic score for 3- year OS was established by combining the SMI grade and tumor stage, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to determine its predictive reliability. RESULTS: For groups with high, medium, and low SMI grades, the 3-year OS rates were 94.04, 79.08 and 59.09% and 86.09, 70.11 and 49.11% (p<0.001) in patients undergoing distal and total gastrectomy, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, low SMI (hazard ratio (HR) 1.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-2.9), advanced stage (HR 2.89, 95% CI 1.43-5.83), and total gastrectomy (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.95-3.01) were independent risk factors for OS (p<0.010). The areas under the ROC curves for the prognostic score were 0.77 (range 0.61-0.93) and 0.76 (range 0.65-0.86) in patients undergoing distal and total gastrectomy, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative SMI was an independent prognostic factor for long-term survival in GC patients after radical gastrectomy.

15.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(6): 600-610, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367980

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although many studies have investigated Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD) worldwide, there is no report of the long-term clinical management and prognosis for MSMD in China. METHODS: This is a cohort study from January 2000 to June 2018. Three hundred and twenty-four patients with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection were diagnosed during this period, and those with MSMD diagnosed by genetic and functional experiments were enrolled in the study. The clinical and genetic characteristics and management of these MSMD patients were summarized. RESULTS: Thirty patients diagnosed with MSMD were followed up. The age at the follow-up end point ranged from 5 to 173 months. Among the patients, IL12RB1 mutations were identified in 22, IFNGR1 mutations in 5, STAT1 mutations in 2, and IFNGR2 mutation in 1. The medium age at onset was 3 months. BCG infection involved multiple organs, including regional infection (8/30; 26.7%) or distant or disseminated infection (22/30; 73.3%). Ten percent (30/324) of patients with BCG infection had a confirmed MSMD diagnosis. Protein expression of IL12RB1 or IFNGR1 was decreased in all patients with IL12RB1 or IFNGR1 mutation, respectively, as indicated by flow cytometry. In addition, 77.8% of patients received rhIFN-γ treatment, which can improve the prognosis of patients with IL12RB1 deficiency. Two patients received stem cell transplantation. Twenty-five patients remained alive at the time of publication. CONCLUSION: MSMD is an important cause of BCG infection. Flow cytometric detection of IL12RB1 and IFNGR1 expression is very useful for rapid MSMD diagnosis. rhIFN-γ therapy is effective in patients with MSMD, particularly improving prognosis in those with IL12RB1 deficiency.

16.
J Clin Med ; 8(6)2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234308

RESUMO

Adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic protein, affects glucose metabolism. High serum adiponectin levels are associated with decreased diabetes mellitus (DM) risks. Aortic arterial stiffness (AS) is associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality in type 2 DM patients. We assessed the association between adiponectin levels and aortic AS in type 2 DM patients. We measured serum adiponectin levels in 140 volunteers with type 2 DM and assigned patients with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) >10 m/s to the aortic AS group (n = 54, 38.6%). These patients had higher systolic (p = 0.001) and diastolic (p = 0.010) blood pressures; body fat masses (p = 0.041); serum triglyceride (p = 0.026), phosphorus (p = 0.037), and insulin (p = 0.040) levels; and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance values (p = 0.029) and lower estimated glomerular filtration rates (p = 0.009) and serum adiponectin levels (p = 0.001) than controls. Multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for confounders showed serum adiponectin levels (OR 0.922; 95% CI, 0.876-0.970; p = 0.002) as an independent predictor of aortic AS. Multivariable forward stepwise linear regression analyses showed that serum adiponectin levels (ß = -0.283, adjusted R2 change: 0.054, p < 0.001) were negatively associated with cfPWV. Thus, serum adiponectin level is an independent predictor of aortic AS in type 2 DM patients.

17.
Diabetes Ther ; 10(4): 1435-1452, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228090

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate efficacy and safety data of dulaglutide in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who had inadequate glycemic control with 1-2 oral antihyperglycemic medications (OAMs). METHODS: This is a subgroup analysis of a phase 3, open-label, randomized, parallel-arm, 52-week study in Chinese patients aged ≥ 18 years with T2DM who had inadequate glycemic control with OAMs (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] ≥ 7.0% and ≤ 11.0%). The primary endpoint was assessment of the noninferiority of dulaglutide 1.5 mg as measured by change in HbA1c, compared with insulin glargine (glargine), using a 0.4% noninferiority margin at week 26. RESULTS: A total of 607 patients from China were randomized 1:1:1 to once-weekly dulaglutide 1.5 or 0.75 mg or once-daily glargine. At week 26, the least squares mean (LSM) change from baseline in HbA1c was greater with dulaglutide 1.5 mg (- 1.67%) and dulaglutide 0.75 mg (- 1.31%) compared with glargine (- 1.11%). The LSM (95% confidence interval) for the difference of dulaglutide 1.5 mg and 0.75 mg vs glargine was - 0.56% (- 0.75 to - 0.37) and - 0.20% (- 0.39 to - 0.01), respectively. Both doses of dulaglutide were noninferior and superior to glargine at 26 weeks and 52 weeks (two-sided P value < 0.05). The mean body weight decreased (P < 0.001) and total hypoglycemia rates were lower (P < 0.05) in the dulaglutide groups compared with the glargine group. Gastrointestinal adverse events (AEs) were the most frequently reported AEs in dulaglutide groups. CONCLUSION: Both doses of dulaglutide are efficacious and tolerable in Chinese patients with T2DM who had inadequate glycemic control on OAMs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT01648582. FUNDING: Eli Lilly and Company.

18.
Oncol Rep ; 42(1): 151-175, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059074

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) has a complex etiology and pathogenesis, and is the most common malignant tumor type in females, in USA in 2018, yet its relevant molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. The collagen type V α­1 chain (COL5A1) gene is differentially expressed in renal and ovarian cancer. Using bioinformatics methods, COL5A1 was determined to also be a significant gene in BC, but its association with BC has not been sufficiently reported. COL5A1 microarray and relevant clinical data were collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus, The Cancer Genome Atlas and other databases to summarize COL5A1 expression in BC and its subtypes at the mRNA and protein levels. All associated information was comprehensively analyzed by various software. The clinical significance of the mutation was obtained via the cBioPortal. Furthermore, Gene Ontology functional annotation and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment were also performed to investigate the mechanism of COL5A1 in BC. Immunohistochemistry was also conducted to detect and confirm COL5A1 expression. It was determined that COL5A1 was highly expressed in BC tissues, compared with normal tissues at the mRNA level [standard mean difference, 0.84; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.60­1.07; P=0.108]. The area under the summary receiver operator characteristic curve for COL5A1 was 0.87 (95% CI, 0.84­0.90). COL5A1 expression was altered in 32/817 (4%) sequenced samples. KEGG analysis confirmed the most notable pathways, including focal adhesion, extracellular matrix­receptor interaction and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Immunohistochemical detection was used to verify the expression of COL5A1 in 136 selected cases of invasive BC tissues and 55 cases of adjacent normal tissues, while the rate of high expression of COL5A1 in BC was up to 90.4%. These results indicated that COL5A1 is highly expressed at the mRNA and protein levels in BC, and the prognosis of patients with BC with high COL5A1 expression may be reduced; therefore, COL5A1 may be used independently or combined with other detection factors in BC diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo V/genética , Colágeno Tipo V/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Análise de Sobrevida , Regulação para Cima
19.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 184, 2019 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) may be an important link between bone loss and vascular calcification. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between central arterial stiffness and serum OPG levels in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 120 HD patients, and the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) value was measured using a validated tonometry system. The cfPWV value of > 10 m/s was used to define the high artery stiffness group. Serum OPG levels were analyzed categorically into tertiles. RESULTS: Of the 120 HD patients, 53 (44.2%) were defined as the high arterial stiffness group, who had higher values of systolic blood pressure (p = 0.038), serum calcium (p = 0.007), and OPG (p <  0.001) levels and a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM, p = 0.001). Increasing tertiles of serum OPG levels were significantly associated with greater height (p = 0.011), male gender (p = 0.008), higher cfPWV values (p = 0.020), and lower intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH, p = 0.049) levels. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that cfPWV value was independently associated with DM (ß = 1.83, p = 0.008) and increasing tertiles of serum OPG levels (ß = 0.89 and 1.63 for tertile 2 and tertile 3, respectively, p for trend = 0.035) in HD patients. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that, in addition to age, DM, low iPTH levels, and high serum calcium levels, increasing tertiles of serum OPG levels (OR = 5.34 for tertile 2; OR = 7.06 for tertile 3; p for trend = 0.002) were an independent predictor of high arterial stiffness in HD patients. Serum calcium levels positively correlated with cfPWV value only in the highest OPG tertile group (r = 0.408, p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: A positive association was detected between serum OPG levels and central arterial stiffness in HD patients, and patients with high serum OPG levels may have greater influence of calcium load on central arterial stiffening.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 495: 35-39, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP) is a novel adipokine that contributes to the development of metabolic disorder, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and atherosclerosis. We determined the correlation between serum A-FABP and aortic stiffness in T2DM patients. METHODS: Fasting blood samples were obtained from 156 patients with T2DM. Serum A-FABP concentration were determined using a commercial enzyme immunoassay. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) was measured using SphygmoCor System, and cfPWV values of >10 m/s were defined as high aortic stiffness. RESULTS: Sixty participants (38.4%) fell under the high aortic stiffness group. This group, compared to the control group, showed older age (P = .004), higher systolic blood pressure (P < .001), diastolic blood pressure (P = .027), urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (P = .003), serum A-FABP (P < .001) and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (P = .001). After adjusting for factors significantly associated with aortic stiffness using multivariable logistic regression analysis, serum A-FABP [OR = 1.029 (1.002-1.058), P = .039] was found to be an independent predictor of aortic stiffness in T2DM patients. CONCLUSIONS: Serum A-FABP is positively correlated with aortic arterial stiffness in patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/sangue , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rigidez Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
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