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1.
Environ Res ; 207: 112640, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity and ambient air pollution are independent risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), however, the evidence regarding their joint associations on T2DM was sparsely studied in low-middle income countries. METHODS: A total of 38,841 participants were selected from Henan Rural Cohort study which was carried out during 2015-2017. Obesity was identified by body mass index (BMI), WC (waist circumstance), WHR (waist-to-hip ratio), WHtR (waist-to-height ratio), BFP (body fat percent), and VFI (visceral fat index). Three-year averaged-concentrations of NO2, PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 were assessed by using the method of spatiotemporal model incorporated into the satellites data. The independent associations of obesity indicators and exposure to air pollutants on fasting blood glucose (FBG) and T2DM were assessed by generalized linear and logistic regression model, respectively, and their interaction associations on T2DM were quantified by using relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP), and synergy index (S). RESULTS: Positive associations of six obesity measures and four air pollutants with FBG levels and prevalent T2DM were observed. Obese participants measured by BMI plus high exposure to NO2, PM1, PM2.5 and PM10 were related to a 2.96-fold (2.66-3.29), 2.87-fold (2.58-3.20), 2.98-fold (2.67-3.32) and 3.01-fold (2.70-3.35) increased risk for prevalent T2DM, respectively; similarity of joint associations of the other obesity measures and air pollutants on T2DM were observed. The additive associations of different obesity measures and air pollutants with prevalent T2DM were further found. CONCLUSIONS: The synergistic associations of obesity and air pollutants on FBG levels and prevalent T2DM were observed, indicating that obese participants were at high risk for prevalent T2DM in highly polluted rural regions.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981397

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have revealed associations between several temperature parameters and allergic rhinitis (AR). However, few studies have reported the association of AR with daily temperature variability, which indicates both short-term intra- and interday temperature changes. This study aimed to analyze associations between temperature variability and initial outpatient visits for AR. The analysis was conducted with an over-dispersed Poisson model using daily time-series data on temperature and the number of initial AR outpatients from 2013 to 2015 in Changchun, China. The composite index of temperature variability was derived by calculating the standard deviation of daily minimum temperature and maximum temperature over exposure days. Stratified analysis by season was also conducted. There were 23,344 AR outpatients during the study period. In the total period, per 1 °C increase in temperature variability at 0-2 days (TV0-2), 0-3 days (TV0-3), and 0-4 days (TV0-4) was associated with a 4.03% (95% CI: 0.91-7.25%), 4.40% (95% CI: 0.95-7.97%), and 4.12% (95% CI: 0.38-8.01%) increase in the number of AR outpatients, respectively. When stratified by season, the strongest effect was shown in spring. Our results suggested that temperature variability was associated with increased initial outpatient visits for AR, which may provide helpful implications for formulating public health policies to reduce adverse health impacts of unstable temperature.

3.
Neurol Sci ; 2022 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35064345

RESUMO

Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensity (FVH) is frequently observed in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). FVH is associated with functional outcome at 3 months in AIS patients receiving endovascular thrombectomy. In the present study, we assessed whether FVH predicted early neurological deterioration (END) and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) within 72 h in AIS patients receiving endovascular thrombectomy. We retrospectively analyzed 104 patients with acute internal-carotid-artery or proximal middle-cerebral-artery occlusion within 16 h after symptom onset. Before thrombectomy, all patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging. END was defined as an increase of 4 points or more from baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) during 72 h following onset. HT was assessed by brain computed tomography. Statistical analyses were performed to predict END and HT. The proportion of high FVH score, high American Society of Intervention and Therapeutic Neuroradiology/Society of Interventional Radiology (ASITN/SIR) grade in non-END group was higher than that in END group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). FVH score was positively correlated with ASITN/SIR grade (r = 0.461, p < 0.001). FVH score was a predictor factor for END (adjusted OR, 13.552; 95% CI, 2.408-76.260; p = 0.003), while FVH score was not a predictor factor for HT. Furthermore, NIHSS at admission (adjusted OR, 1.112; 95% CI, 1.006-1.228; p = 0.038) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (adjusted OR, 18.865; 95% CI, 2.998-118.683; p = 0.002) were predictor factors for HT. To assess FVH score before thrombectomy might be useful for predicting END in AIS patients receiving endovascular thrombectomy.

4.
Hematology ; 27(1): 70-79, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: No clear consensus has been reached about the clinical features in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of NHL patients with chronic HBV infection (HBsAg+). METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched for relevant studies up to 31 January 2021. Hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR) corresponding to 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to estimate the outcomes. The primary outcome was survival outcome, including overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Subgroup analysis was performed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. RESULTS: Twenty-three retrospective studies, comprising of 1202 HBsAg+ NHL patients and 4448 HBsAg- NHL patients, were included. Twenty-two studies were conducted on Chinese patients. Compared with HBsAg- NHL patients, significantly shorter OS (HR 1.68; 95% CI 1.48-1.91) and PFS (HR 1.80; 95% CI 1.20-2.71), lower rate of complete remission (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.44-0.80) and higher frequency of hepatic dysfunction during chemotherapy (OR 3.46; 95% CI 2.61-4.57) were demonstrated in HBsAg+ NHL patients. Moreover, HBsAg+ patients were characterized by a younger age of disease onset, advanced disease stage, higher level of LDH and more frequent presence of B symptoms, and involvement of spleen and liver at diagnosis. Furthermore, subgroup analysis in DLBCL patients was also showed similar results. CONCLUSION: Our study implicated that NHL patients, especially DLBCL, with chronic HBV infection displayed inferior prognosis, higher incidence of hepatic dysfunction during chemotherapy and distinct clinical features.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(23)2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883680

RESUMO

This study reports on an innovative press-loaded blister hybrid system equipped with gas-chromatography (PBS-GC) that is designed to evaluate the mechanical fatigue of two representative types of commercial Nafion membranes under relevant PEMFC operating conditions (e.g., simultaneously controlling temperature and humidity). The influences of various applied pressures (50 kPa, 100 kPa, etc.) and blistering gas types (hydrogen, oxygen, etc.) on the mechanical resistance loss are systematically investigated. The results evidently indicate that hydrogen gas is a more effective blistering gas for inducing dynamic mechanical losses of PEM. The changes in proton conductivity are also measured before and after hydrogen gas pressure-loaded blistering. After performing the mechanical aging test, a decrease in proton conductivity was confirmed, which was also interpreted using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analysis. Finally, an accelerated dynamic mechanical aging test is performed using the homemade PBS-GC system, where the hydrogen permeability rate increases significantly when the membrane is pressure-loaded blistering for 10 min, suggesting notable mechanical fatigue of the PEM. In summary, this PBS-GC system developed in-house clearly demonstrates its capability of screening and characterizing various membrane candidates in a relatively short period of time (<1.5 h at 50 kPa versus 200 h).

6.
Front Genet ; 12: 785330, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917133

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma is a heterogeneous plasma cell malignancy that remains incurable because of the tendency of relapse for most patients. Survival outcomes may vary widely due to patient and disease variables; therefore, it is necessary to establish a more accurate prognostic model to improve prognostic precision and guide clinical therapy. Here, we developed a risk score model based on myeloma gene expression profiles from three independent datasets: GSE6477, GSE13591, and GSE24080. In this model, highly survival-associated five genes, including EPAS1, ERC2, PRC1, CSGALNACT1, and CCND1, are selected by using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) regression and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. At last, we analyzed three validation datasets (including GSE2658, GSE136337, and MMRF datasets) to examine the prognostic efficacy of this model by dividing patients into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the median risk score. The results indicated that the survival of patients in low-risk group was greatly prolonged compared with their counterparts in the high-risk group. Therefore, the five-gene risk score model could increase the accuracy of risk stratification and provide effective prediction for the prognosis of patients and instruction for individualized clinical treatment.

7.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(12): 1186-90, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965640

RESUMO

Knee osteoarthritis-associated bone marrow edema-like lesions (KOA-BMLs) is a common MRI imaging feature, which is mainly manifested as abnormal bone marrow hyperintensity in subchondral bone on T2 imaging. The formation of KOA-BMLs may be related to the abnormality of lower limb force line and subchondral bone perfusion, and related histopathological studies showed that the remodeling of bone and bone marrow in these damaged areas was abnormally increased. In KOA patients, the size of BMLs can fluctuate or even disappear in a relatively short period of time, and was closely related to pain, subchondral bone cyst formation, and the progression of KOA. However, the current treatment methods for KOA-BMLs are limited, and there is no uniform guideline or expert consensus, mainly includingmedication, physical therapy and surgical treatment. This article reviews the research progress of the disease characteristics and treatment of KOA-BMLs in order to provide guidance for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of KOA-BMLs.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Óssea , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 724179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760940

RESUMO

Background: Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a life-threatening disease associated with increased mortality. The urea cycle pathway plays a major role in PPH severity and treatment response. Little is known about the association of the blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and PPH prognosis. Methods: Clinical data were extracted from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database. Adult patients (≥18 years) patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) in the database were enrolled. Spearman correlation was used to analyze the association of BUN with length of hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stays. The chi-square test was used to analyze the association of BUN with mortality rate. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the BUN as an independent prognostic factor of mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to analyze the sensitivity and specificity for mortality. Results: In total, 263 patients who met the selection criteria were enrolled. BUN was significantly positively associated with length of hospital stay and ICU stay (hospital stay: ρ = 0.282, ICU stay: ρ = 0.276; all P < 0.001). Higher hospital, 90-day and 4-year mortality rates were observed in the higher BUN quartile of PPH patients (hospital: P = 0.002; 90-day: P = 0.025; 4-year: P < 0.001). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients in higher BUN quartile tended to have lower 4-year survival (Q1:7.65%, Q2: 10.71%; Q3: 14.80%, Q4: 16.84%; P < 0.0001). Logistic regression analyses found a significant association of BUN and mortality (hospital: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.08, P = 0.001; 90-day: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 1.00-1.05, P = 0.027; 4-year: OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.08, P = 0.001). Results of ROC and AUC showed that the diagnostic performance of BUN for mortality was moderately good. Conclusion: BUN was positively correlated with the length of hospital stay and ICU stay of PPH patients. Higher BUN was associated with higher hospital, 90-day and 4-year mortality and lower 4-year survival of PPH patients. These findings indicate that BUN can be a novel potential prognostic predictor for PPH.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767173

RESUMO

To analyze the association of long-term exposure to air pollution and its attributable risks with the number of tuberculosis (TB) cases notified, a quasi-Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) was constructed using monthly data on air pollution and TB cases notified in Hong Kong from 1999 to 2018. Nonlinear relationships between PM10, PM2.5, and CO and TB cases notified were identified. The concentrations of PM10, PM2.5, and CO corresponding to the minimum numbers of TB cases notified (the minimum TB notification concentrations, MTNCs) were 58.3 µg/m3, 41.7 µg/m3, and 0.1 mg/m3, respectively. Compared with the MTNCs, the overall cumulative numbers of TB cases notified increased by 76.93% (95% CI: 13.08%, 176.83%), 88.81% (95% CI: 26.09%, 182.71%), and 233.43% (95% CI: 13.56%, 879.03%) for the 95th percentiles of PM10 and PM2.5 and for the 97.5th percentiles of CO, respectively. The TB notification rate attributed to concentration ranges above the 97.5th percentile of PM10, PM2.5, and CO was 3.38% (95% empirical confidence intervals [eCI]: 0.93%, 5.61%), 4.73% (95% eCI: 1.87%, 7.15%), and 3.34% (95% eCI: 0.29%, 5.83%), respectively. Long-term exposure to high concentrations of air pollution in Hong Kong may be associated with increases in the number of TB cases notified for this area.

10.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 732727, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805202

RESUMO

Background: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is an extensive class of biologically and clinically heterogeneous diseases with dismal outcomes. The histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) romidepsin was approved for relapsed and refractory (R/R-PTCL) in 2011. This meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy and safety of romidepsin in PTCL. Methods: We searched for articles on the HDAC inhibitor romidepsin in the treatment of PTCL in Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed. The methodology is further detailed in PROSPERO (CRD42020213651, CRD42020213553). The 2-year overall survival (OS), 2-year progression-free survival (PFS), and their corresponding to 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were measured. Besides, corresponding 95% CIs were pooled for the complete response (CR), partial response (PR), duration of response (DoR), and risk of adverse events (AEs). Results: Eleven studies containing 388 patients were incorporated into the quantitative synthesis, of which R/R-PTCL patients were the dominant portion, accounting for 94.3% (366/388). For all studies, the CR rate was 20% (95% CI, 13-27%, random effects model), and the PR rate was 18% (95% CI, 12-25%, random effects model). The 2-year OS was 48% (95% CI, 38-59%, fixed effects model), and the 2-year PFS was 17% (95% CI, 13-21%, fixed effects model). There were no significant differences between romidepsin monotherapy and romidepsin plus additional drugs. Hematological toxicities, such as lymphopenia and granulocytopenia, remained the most continually happening grade 3 or higher AEs, accounting for 46 and 28%, respectively. None of the studies reported any drug-related mortality. Conclusions: Considering that most of the included patients had R/R-PTCL, the addition of romidepsin significantly enhance the efficacy. And AEs were tolerable as the grade 3/4 AEs in romidepsin monotherapy was 7% (95% CI, 6-8%). It is imperative to further expand the first-line application of romidepsin and carry out personalized therapy based on epigenomics, which will improve the survival of PTCL patients. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42020213651 and https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42020213553.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 772430, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790710

RESUMO

Aims: To explore the value of preoperative liver function tests (LFTs) for the prognosis of cardiac surgery patients without liver disease. Methods: The Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database was used to extract the clinical data. Adult cardiac patients (≥18 years) without liver disease in the database were enrolled. The association of LFTs with the time of hospital stay and ICU stay was analyzed with the Spearman correlation. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify LFTs that were independent prognostic factors of mortality. Results: A total of 2,565 patients were enrolled in this study. Albumin (ALB) was negatively associated with the time of hospital stay and ICU stay, while alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and total bilirubin were positively associated with the time of hospital stay and ICU stay (all p < 0.001). Abnormal ALB, ALT, AST, and total bilirubin were associated with lower 90-day and 4-year survival (all p < 0.001) and could be used as independent risk factors for hospital mortality and 90-day mortality. However, only ALB and total bilirubin were independent risk factors for 4-year mortality. Conclusion: Preoperative LFT abnormalities were associated with short-term and long-term prognosis of cardiac surgery patients without liver disease.

12.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(18): 1445, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733997

RESUMO

Background: Despite novel improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis (IE), there has been no significant improvement in the survival rate of IE, which indicates that many details still need to be optimized in the preoperative assessment. We sought to evaluate preoperative serum albumin as a biomarker for predicting early mortality after IE surgery. Methods: Between October 2013 and June 2019, patients with a definite diagnosis of IE were enrolled in this study. Patients' albumin levels at admission were used as the preoperative albumin levels. Restricted cubic spline and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between albumin and early mortality. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were performed to assess the role of albumin in predicting early mortality and compare the predictive capacity of traditional models with models that included albumin. Results: Of the 276 IE patients, 20 (7.2%) died in hospital or within 30 days of surgery. Hypoalbuminemia (an albumin level <3.5 g/dL) was present in 109 (39.5%) patients. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative albumin was inversely associated with early mortality [adjusted odds ratio (OR) =0.22 per 1 g/dL, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.07-0.65, P=0.006] after full adjustment. Preoperative albumin had value in predicting early mortality [area under the curve (AUC) =0.72, 95% CI: 0.61-0.84; P<0.01]. After adding albumin to the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) and Charlson score, the predictive ability of the model was further improved (EuroSCORE II: AUC =0.55; 95% CI: 0.42-0.67 to AUC =0.72; 95% CI: 0.61-0.84; Charlson score: AUC =0.73; 95% CI: 0.64-0.83 to AUC =0.78; 95% CI: 0.68-0.88). Conclusions: Preoperative serum albumin is inversely associated with early mortality after IE surgery, and is a promising prognostic indicator in preoperative risk stratification assessments of IE patients.

13.
Membranes (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677535

RESUMO

Water resource pollution by nitrate-nitrogen, mainly caused by anthropogenic causes, induces eutrophication of water resources, and indicates the degree of organic pollution. Therefore, this study devised a method for coating PFSA ionomer with excellent chemical resistance without disassembling the module to improve the removal rate of nitrate-nitrogen in water by using a cyclic coating method on a commercially available nanofiltration membrane (NF membrane) module. Nafion was prepared as a supercritical fluid dispersion using a high-temperature and high-pressure reactor, and the particle size and the degree of dispersion of the dispersion were analyzed by DLS. The crystallinity was confirmed through XRD by drying the dispersion in the liquid state. After the dispersion was prepared as a membrane according to the heat treatment conditions, the characteristics according to the particle size were analyzed by tensile strength and TEM. The nitrate-nitrogen removal rate of the NF membrane module coated with the dispersion was increased by 93% compared to that before coating. Therefore, the result showed that the cycle coating method devised in this study could efficiently coat the already commercialized module and improve performance.

14.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 524, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). However, no clear consensus has been reached about the clinical features and effective treatment of HCV-associated NHL patients. We therefore performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the clinical characteristics and effectiveness of antiviral treatment or rituximab administration among NHL patients with HCV infection. METHODS: Eight electronic databases, including PubMed, OVID, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials, WANFANG, CNKI, and VIP, were searched for eligible studies up to July 31, 2021. The hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR) corresponding to the 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated to estimate the outcomes. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's and Begg's tests. Statistical analysis was performed with RevMan 5.4 software and Stata version 15. RESULTS: There were 27 shortlisted articles out of a total of 13,368 NHL patients included in the current meta-analysis. Our results demonstrated that NHL patients with HCV infection had a significantly shorter overall survival (OS: HR 1.89; 95% CI 1.42-2.51, P < 0.0001) and progression-free survival (PFS: HR 1.58; 95% CI 1.26-1.98, P < 0.0001), a lower overall response rate (ORR: OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.46-0.73, P < 0.00001) and a higher incidence of hepatic dysfunction during chemotherapy (OR 5.96; 95% CI 2.61-13.62, P < 0.0001) than NHL patients without HCV infection. HCV-positive NHL patients exhibited an advanced disease stage, an elevated level of LDH, a high-intermediate and high IPI/FLIPI risk as well as a higher incidence of spleen and liver involvement. Moreover, antiviral treatment prolonged survival (OS: HR 0.38; 95% CI 0.24-0.60, P < 0.0001), reduced disease progression [PFS/DFS (disease-free survival): HR 0.63; 95% CI 0.46-0.86, P = 0.003] and reinforced the treatment response (ORR: OR 2.62; 95% CI 1.34-5.11, P = 0.005) among the HCV-infected NHL patients. Finally, rituximab administration was associated with a favourable OS, while liver cirrhosis and low levels of albumin predicted a poor OS for HCV-positive NHL patients. CONCLUSIONS: The current study provided compelling evidence about an inferior prognosis and distinct clinical characteristics among HCV-associated NHL patients. Antiviral treatment and rituximab-containing regimens were shown to be efficacious in improving the clinical outcomes of NHL patients with HCV infection.

15.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3484-3491, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) play an important role in the energy metabolism. Whether there is a causal relationship between JAK2 methylation levels and obesity remains unclear. Based on the instrumental variables of 5 SNP sites, this study was aimed to explore the causal relationship between JAK2 methylation levels and obesity by Mendelian randomization analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1021 participants (511 cases and 510 controls defined by body mass index (BMI) ≥ 28.0 kg/m2) was conducted from the Henan Rural Cohort study. SNPscan® was performed to test the SNP genotyping and MethylTarget™ was applied to detect the DNA methylation level. The logistic regression model was used to evaluate the associations between SNP or methylation of JAK2 and obesity (according to BMI). Mendelian randomization analysis was used to assess the potential causal association between JAK2 methylation and obesity. According to the logistic regression model, 1 CpG sit in the promotor was related to an increased risk of obesity (P < 0.05). 10 CpG sites in the exon were associated with decreased risk of obesity (P < 0.05). Mendelian randomization analysis showed a causal association between the methylated level of JAK2 and obesity, based on the instrumental variables of 5 SNPs (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study supported that the methylation degree of JAK2 has a complex relationship with obesity, which might be related to the region of methylation. A causal relationship exists between the methylated level of JAK2 and obesity.

16.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(12): 3352-3358, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to investigate the associations of testosterone and androstenedione with coronary heart disease, and the interaction effect of testosterone or androstenedione and age on coronary heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 6178 participants were included in this study. Serum testosterone and androstenedione were detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used to assess the independent effects of testosterone and androstenedione on coronary heart disease. Interactive plots were employed to examine the interaction effects of testosterone or androstenedione with age on coronary heart disease. After adjusting for multiple variables, serum testosterone and androstenedione levels were negatively associated with coronary heart disease in males (tertile 3 vs tertile 1, odd ratio (OR) = 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.33, 0.96), and OR = 0.40, 95% CI (0.22, 0.74)). Per 1 unit increase in ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione was associated with a 24% (OR = 0.76, 95% CI (0.63, 0.91)) and 30% (OR = 0.69, 95% CI (0.55, 0.86)) lower risk of coronary heart disease, respectively. Additionally, the positive association of age with coronary heart disease was attenuated by increasing concentrations of ln-testosterone and ln-androstenedione concentration in males. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that serum testosterone and androstenedione were negatively associated with coronary heart disease risk in Chinese rural males. To some extent, this study supports the application of hormone therapy in males with coronary heart disease, which can contribute to reducing the burden of coronary heart disease and related cardiovascular disease.

17.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 431: 115731, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592322

RESUMO

Benzethonium chloride (BZT) and domiphen bromide (DMP) are widely used as antimicrobials in drugs, vaccines and industry. However, no cardiac safety data has been developed on both compounds. Previously we reported BZT and DMP as high-affinity human ether-a-go-go related gene (HERG) channel inhibitors with unknown proarrhythmic risk. Here, we investigate the cardiotoxicity of BZT and DMP in vitro and in vivo, aiming to improve the safety-in-use of both antimicrobials. In the present study, human iPSC derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) were generated and rabbit models were used to examine the proarrhythmic potential of BZT and DMP. Our results found that BZT and DMP induced time- and dose-dependent decrease in the contractile parameters of hiPSC-CMs, prolonged FPDc (≥ 0.1 µM), caused tachycardia/fibrillation-like oscillation (0.3-1 µM), ultimately progressing to irreversible arrest of beating (≥ 1 µM). The IC50 values of BZT and DMP derived from normalized beat rate were 0.13 µM and 0.10 µM on hiPSC-CMs at 76 days. Moreover, in vivo rabbit ECG data demonstrated that 12.85 mg/kg BZT and 3.85 mg/kg DMP evoked QTc prolongation, noncomplex arrhythmias and ventricular tachycardias. Our findings support the cardiac safety of 0.01 µM BZT/DMP in vitro and the intravenous infusion of 3.85 mg/kg BZT and 1.28 mg/kg DMP in vivo, whereas higher concentrations of both compounds cause mild to moderate cardiotoxicity that should not be neglected during medical and industrial applications.

18.
Environ Int ; 157: 106865, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although exposure to ambient air pollution (AAP) increases the risk for arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), evidence on the association of solid fuel use with ASCVD and its association modified by ambient air pollution remains limited. METHODS: A total of 16,779 adults were derived from the Henan Rural Cohort Study. Concentrations of ambient air pollutants (PM1, PM2.5, PM10, and NO2) were estimated by a spatiotemporal model based on satellites data. Solid fuel use was assessed by a self-reported questionnaire. The associations of solid fuel use with high 10-year ASCVD risk and the modified association by exposure to air pollutants were explored using logistic regression models. RESULTS: There were positive associations of AAP exposure with high 10-year ASCVD risk among individuals with self-cooking. The joint associations between high AAP exposures and solid fuel use with high 10-year ASCVD risk were found. Compared to clean fuel user with low PM2.5 exposure, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of high 10-year ASCVD risk was 1.25 (1.09, 1.42) for solid fuel user with low PM2.5 exposure, 1.93 (1.75, 2.12) for clean fuel user with high PM2.5 exposure, and 3.08 (2.67, 3.54) for solid fuel user with high PM2.5 exposure, respectively. Their additive effect on high 10-year ASCVD risk was observed (relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI): 0.90 (95 %CI: 0.50, 1.30), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP): 0.29 (95 %CI: 0.19, 0.40), and synergy index (SI): 1.77 (95 %CI: 1.38, 2.26)). CONCLUSION: This study showed a synergistic effect of AAP and household air pollution reflected by solid fuel use on high 10-year ASCVD risk, suggesting that reducing solid cooking fuels and controlling air pollution may have a joint effect on public health improvement.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
19.
Hypertens Res ; 44(11): 1483-1491, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480134

RESUMO

Current studies have shown the controversial effect of genetic risk scores (GRSs) in hypertension prediction. Machine learning methods are used extensively in the medical field but rarely in the mining of genetic information. This study aims to determine whether genetic information can improve the prediction of incident hypertension using machine learning approaches in a prospective study. The study recruited 4592 subjects without hypertension at baseline from a cohort study conducted in rural China. A polygenic risk score (PGGRS) was calculated using 13 SNPs. According to a ratio of 7:3, subjects were randomly allocated to the train and test datasets. Models with and without the PGGRS were established using the train dataset with Cox regression, artificial neural network (ANN), random forest (RF), and gradient boosting machine (GBM) methods. The discrimination and reclassification of models were estimated using the test dataset. The PGGRS showed a significant association with the risk of incident hypertension (HR (95% CI), 1.046 (1.004, 1.090), P = 0.031) irrespective of baseline blood pressure. Models that did not include the PGGRS achieved AUCs (95% CI) of 0.785 (0.763, 0.807), 0.790 (0.768, 0.811), 0.838 (0.817, 0.857), and 0.854 (0.835, 0.873) for the Cox, ANN, RF, and GBM methods, respectively. The addition of the PGGRS led to the improvement of the AUC by 0.001, 0.008, 0.023, and 0.017; IDI by 1.39%, 2.86%, 4.73%, and 4.68%; and NRI by 25.05%, 13.01%, 44.87%, and 22.94%, respectively. Incident hypertension risk was better predicted by the traditional+PGGRS model, especially when machine learning approaches were used, suggesting that genetic information may have the potential to identify new hypertension cases using machine learning methods in resource-limited areas. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375 .

20.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 37(12): 1058-1068, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369654

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), emerging as a new type of non-coding RNAs, play important roles in cancers. Instead, the functions and mechanisms of circ_0011385 in cervical cancer (CC) are still inconclusive. Microarray data GSE102686 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and were utilized to screen out circRNAs differently expressed in CC tissues. Circ_0011385, miR-149-5p, SRY-box transcription factor 4 (SOX4) mRNA expressions in CC tissues and cells were probed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). CC cell lines with circ_0011385 knockdown were constructed, and he multiplication, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of CC cells were evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method, transwell assay, and flow cytometry. In addition, the targeting relationships between miR-149-5p and circ_0011385 or SOX4 mRNA 3'UTR were probed by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA pull-down assay. The regulatory function of circ_0011385 and miR-149-5p on SOX4 expression was studied with western blot. Expressions of circ_0011385 and SOX4 mRNA were raised in CC tissues and cells, while miR-149-5p expression was decreased. Knocking down circ_0011385 restrained the multiplication, migration, and invasion of CC cells and induced the apoptosis. Circ_0011385 directly targeted miR-149-5p, and SOX4 was the target of miR-149-5p, which could be positively regulated by circ_0011385. Circ_0011385 elevates SOX4 expression by targeting miR-149-5p, thus participating in promoting the malignant biological behaviors of CC cells.

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