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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 869: 161751, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690104

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metal pollutants worldwide. Tobacco is an important cash crop; however, the accumulation of Cd in its biomass is very high. Cadmium may enter the body of smokers with contaminated tobacco and the surrounding environment via smoke. Therefore, it is important to understand the mechanisms of Cd accumulation and tolerance in tobacco plants, especially in the leaves. In this study, the effects of Cd on the growth, accumulation, and biochemical indices of two tobacco varieties, K326 (Cd resistant) and NC55 (Cd sensitive), were studied through transcriptomic and physiological experiments. Transcriptome and physiological analyses showed differences in the expression of Cd transport and Cd resistance related genes between NC55 and K326 under Cd stress. The root meristem cells of NC55 were more severely damaged. The antioxidant enzyme activity, ABA and ZT content, chlorophyll content, photosynthetic rate, and nitrogen metabolism enzyme activity in K326 leaves were higher than in NC55. These data elucidate the mechanisms of low Cd accumulation and high Cd tolerance in K326 leaves and provide a theoretical basis for cultivating tobacco varieties with low Cd accumulation and high Cd resistance.

2.
iScience ; 26(1): 105893, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36654864

RESUMO

Social media and online navigation bring us enjoyable experiences in accessing information, and simultaneously create information cocoons (ICs) in which we are unconsciously trapped with limited and biased information. We provide a formal definition of IC in the scenario of online navigation. Subsequently, by analyzing real recommendation networks extracted from Science, PNAS, and Amazon websites, and testing mainstream algorithms in disparate recommender systems, we demonstrate that similarity-based recommendation techniques result in ICs, which suppress the system navigability by hundreds of times. We further propose a flexible recommendation strategy that addresses the IC-induced problem and improves retrieval accuracy in navigation, which are demonstrated by simulations on real data and online experiments on the largest video website in China. This paper quantifies the challenge of ICs in recommender systems and presents a viable solution, which offer insights into the industrial design of algorithms, future scientific studies, as well as policy making.

3.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1153, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670133

RESUMO

The internal structure of many aero-engines is designed with a dual-rotor system. Up to now, there have been few studies on the influence of aerodynamic excitation on the dual-rotor system. The phenomenon of synchronous impact may occur when the frequency of the aerodynamic excitation force of the fan blade is close to the characteristic frequency of the inter-shaft bearing. This paper investigates the dynamic characteristics of a dual-rotor system under the condition of synchronous impact. The system's motion equations are formulated considering the complex nonlinearities of the inter-shaft bearing, such as Hertz contact force of 10/9 exponential function, clearance, and periodic varying compliance. In addition, the inter-shaft bearing with a local defect is considered. The fan blade's aerodynamic excitation force is modeled by synthesizing multiple harmonic excitation forces, the amplitudes of which are obtained by the Fourier series expansion. Numerical simulations are employed to get the dynamic responses of the system. The results show that the dynamic characteristic of the dual-rotor system at the primary resonance caused by the high-pressure (H.P.) rotor is not changed by the aerodynamic excitation force, while the primary resonance caused by the low-pressure (L.P.) rotor increases significantly. However, three aerodynamic resonances of the amplitude-frequency response of the dual-rotor system are emerging in the low-frequency region (124, 146 and 186 rad/s). When the synchronous impact phenomenon occurs, the amplitude of the three resonance peaks will increase twice compared to the original status, leading to a doubled increase in the dynamic load of the inter-shaft bearing. The characteristics of the dual-rotor system affected by the parameters such as initial phase difference of local defect, rotor eccentricity of system, clearance of inter-shaft bearing, and the stiffness and damping of supports are discussed in detail. The results obtained provide a deep insight into the mechanism of synchronous impact.

4.
Viruses ; 15(1)2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680281

RESUMO

The newly identified porcine Kobuvirus (PKV) has raised concerns owing to its association with diarrheal symptom in pigs worldwide. The process involving the emergence and global spread of PKV remains largely unknown. Here, the origin, genetic diversity, and geographic distribution of PKV were determined based on the available PKV sequence information. PKV might be derived from the rabbit Kobuvirus and sheep were an important intermediate host. The most recent ancestor of PKV could be traced back to 1975. Two major clades are identified, PKVa and PKVb, and recombination events increase PKV genetic diversity. Cross-species transmission of PKV might be linked to interspecies conserved amino acids at 13-17 and 25-40 residue motifs of Kobuvirus VP1 proteins. Phylogeographic analysis showed that Spain was the most likely location of PKV origin, which then spread to pig-rearing countries in Asia, Africa, and Europe. Within China, the Hubei province was identified as a primary hub of PKV, transmitting to the east, southwest, and northeast regions of the country. Taken together, our findings have important implications for understanding the evolutionary origin, genetic recombination, and geographic distribution of PKV thereby facilitating the design of preventive and containment measures to combat PKV infection.


Assuntos
Kobuvirus , Infecções por Picornaviridae , Doenças dos Suínos , Suínos , Animais , Coelhos , Ovinos , Filogeografia , Kobuvirus/genética , Filogenia , Infecções por Picornaviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Picornaviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Picornaviridae/diagnóstico , Recombinação Genética
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 2971-2978, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600613

RESUMO

Acetylene (C2H2) separation from multicomponent mixtures is vitally important but industrially challenging for the collection of high-purity C2H2. To address this requirement, the reaction between the alkaline-earth Ca2+ ions with a dicarboxylate-diazolate linker, 4,6-di(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)isophthalic acid (H4dtzip), gave rise to a new metal-organic framework (MOF) material [Ca(dtzip)0.5H2O]·2H2O (1). The material presents unique regular tubular channels based on threefolded helical rod-like secondary building units with rich open metal sites and exposed organic hydrogen-bonding N/O acceptors that enhance the interactions with C2H2 molecules, endowing significant selectivity for C2H2 over C2H4 (5.4), C2H6 (5.6), CH4 (30.0), and CO2 (7.7) at 298 K and 100 kPa. Column breakthrough experiments confirmed the extraordinary C2H2 separation performance of the material with the separation time intervals in the range of 18-24 min g-1 for binary (C2H2-C2H4, C2H2-C2H6, C2H2-CO2, and C2H2-CH4) or ternary (C2H2-C2H4-C2H6 and C2H2-C2H4-CO2) gas mixtures under dynamic conditions.

6.
J Neuroinflammation ; 20(1): 8, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The innate lymphoid cell (ILC) family consists of NK cells, ILC type 1, 2, 3 and lymphoid tissue inducer cells. They have been shown to play important roles in homeostasis and immune responses and are generally considered tissue resident. Not much is known about the presence of ILC members within the central nervous system and whether they are tissue resident in this organ too. Therefore, we studied the presence of all ILC members within the central nervous system and after ischemic brain insult. METHODS: We used the photothrombotic ischemic lesion method to induce ischemic lesions within the mouse brain. Using whole-mount immunofluorescence imaging, we established that the ILCs were present at the rim of the lesion. We quantified the increase of all ILC members at different time-points after the ischemic lesion induction by flow cytometry. Their migration route via chemokine CXCL12 was studied by using different genetic mouse models, in which we induced deletion of Cxcl12 within the blood-brain barrier endothelium, or its receptor, Cxcr4, in the ILCs. The functional role of the ILCs was subsequently established using the beam-walk sensorimotor test. RESULTS: Here, we report that ILCs are not resident within the mouse brain parenchyma during steady-state conditions, but are attracted towards the ischemic stroke. Specifically, we identify NK cells, ILC1s, ILC2s and ILC3s within the lesion, the highest influx being observed for NK cells and ILC1s. We further show that CXCL12 expressed at the blood-brain barrier is essential for NK cells and NKp46+ ILC3s to migrate toward the lesion. Complementary, Cxcr4-deficiency in NK cells prevents NK cells from entering the infarct area. Lack of NK cell migration results in a higher neurological deficit in the beam-walk sensorimotor test. CONCLUSIONS: This study establishes the lack of ILCs in the mouse central nervous system at steady-state and their migration towards an ischemic brain lesion. Our data show a role for blood-brain barrier-derived CXCL12 in attracting protective NK cells to ischemic brain lesions and identifies a new CXCL12/CXCR4-mediated component of the innate immune response to stroke.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , AVC Isquêmico , Camundongos , Animais , Linfócitos , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais , Encéfalo/metabolismo
7.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 229, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646706

RESUMO

Lead halide perovskites open great prospects for optoelectronics and a wealth of potential applications in quantum optical and spin-based technologies. Precise knowledge of the fundamental optical and spin properties of charge-carrier complexes at the origin of their luminescence is crucial in view of the development of these applications. On nearly bulk Cesium-Lead-Bromide single perovskite nanocrystals, which are the test bench materials for next-generation devices as well as theoretical modeling, we perform low temperature magneto-optical spectroscopy to reveal their entire band-edge exciton fine structure and charge-complex binding energies. We demonstrate that the ground exciton state is dark and lays several millielectronvolts below the lowest bright exciton sublevels, which settles the debate on the bright-dark exciton level ordering in these materials. More importantly, combining these results with spectroscopic measurements on various perovskite nanocrystal compounds, we show evidence for universal scaling laws relating the exciton fine structure splitting, the trion and biexciton binding energies to the band-edge exciton energy in lead-halide perovskite nanostructures, regardless of their chemical composition. These scaling laws solely based on quantum confinement effects and dimensionless energies offer a general predictive picture for the interaction energies within charge-carrier complexes photo-generated in these emerging semiconductor nanostructures.

8.
J Virol ; : e0144622, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36472440

RESUMO

Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a new pathogen resulting in porcine vesicular disease, is prevalent in pig herds worldwide. Although an understanding of SVV biology pathogenesis is crucial for preventing and controlling this disease, the molecular mechanisms for the entry and post-internalization of SVV, which represent crucial steps in viral infection, are not well characterized. In this study, specific inhibitors, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence detection revealed that SVV entry into PK-15 cells depends on low-pH conditions and dynamin. Furthermore, results showed that caveolae-mediated endocytosis (CavME) contributes crucially to the internalization of SVV, as evidenced by cholesterol depletion, downregulation of caveolin-1 expression by small interfering RNA knockdown, and overexpression of a caveolin-1 dominant negative (caveolin-1-DN) in SVV-infected PK-15 cells. However, SVV entry into PK-15 cells did not depend on clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). Furthermore, treatment with specific inhibitors demonstrated that SVV entry into PK-15 cells via macropinocytosis depended on the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE), p21-activated kinase 1 (Pak1), and actin rearrangement, but not phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Electron microscopy showed that SVV particles or proteins were localized in CavME and macropinocytosis. Finally, knockdown of GTPase Rab5 and Rab7 by siRNA significantly inhibited SVV replication, as determined by measuring viral genome copy numbers, viral protein expression, and viral titers. In this study, our results demonstrated that SVV utilizes caveolae-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis to enter PK-15 cells, dependent on low pH, dynamin, Rab5, and Rab7. IMPORTANCE Entry of virus into cells represents the initiation of a successful infection. As an emerging pathogen of porcine vesicular disease, clarification of the process of SVV entry into cells enables us to better understand the viral life cycle and pathogenesis. In this study, patterns of SVV internalization and key factors required were explored. We demonstrated for the first time that SVV entry into PK-15 cells via caveolae-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis requires Rab5 and Rab7 and is independent of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, and that low-pH conditions and dynamin are involved in the process of SVV internalization. This information increases our understanding of the patterns in which all members of the family Picornaviridae enter host cells, and provides new insights for preventing and controlling SVV infection.

9.
Front Neurol ; 13: 899056, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468070

RESUMO

Objective: Migraine is frequently reported in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and emerging evidence suggests that gut microbiota plays a role in migraine and IBS. However, alterations in the gut microbiome in migraine patients with IBS remain unknown. This study aimed to explore the compositions of gut microbiota in migraine patients with IBS in a Chinese Han population. Methods: Sixteen migraine patients with IBS and thirteen age- and gender-matched IBS patients with similar dietary and lifestyle habits were enrolled in this pilot study. Demographic data, clinical data, eating habits, lifestyle habits, comorbidities, and medications were recorded using a unified case registration form. Questionnaires for the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were completed. Fecal samples were collected, and microbial DNA was extracted. Gut microbiota 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene sequencing targeting the V4 region was performed using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 high-throughput sequencing platform. The relationships between gut microbiota and clinical characteristics of migraine were analyzed. Results: The structure of gut microbiota differed between migraine patients with IBS and patients with IBS, while the richness and diversity of gut microbiota in migraine patients with IBS showed no significant difference from that of patients with IBS. We found a higher relative abundance of the genus Parabacteroides and a lower relative abundance of the genera Paraprevotella, Lachnospiraceae_UCG-010, Lactococcus, Collinsella, and Comamonas in migraine patients with IBS than in patients with IBS. According to random forest predictive models, the phylum Bacteroidota shows the most important role in migraine patients with IBS. Furthermore, no statistical correlation was found between significantly different taxa at the genus level and migraine clinical data. Conclusion: This study identified that altered gut microbiota occurred in Chinese Han migraine patients with IBS, but no correlation was found between gut microbiota and the clinical characteristics of migraine. Further study is needed to better understand the role of gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of migraine in IBS.

10.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0341322, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36537793

RESUMO

Avian metapneumovirus subgroup C (aMPV/C) is an important pathogen that causes upper respiratory symptoms and egg production decline in turkeys and chickens. aMPV/C infection leads to inhibition of the host antiviral immune response. However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying host immune response antagonized by aMPV/C infection is limited. In this study, we demonstrated that the aMPV/C phosphoprotein (P) inhibits the IFN antiviral signaling pathway triggered by melanoma differentiation gene 5 (MDA5) and reduces interferon ß (IFN-ß) production and IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) by targeting IFN regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) but not nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) in DF-1 cells. Moreover, we found that aMPV/C P protein only blocks the nuclear translocation of IRF3 by interacting with IRF3 in HEK-293T cells, instead of affecting IRF3 phosphorylation and inducing IRF3 degradation, which suppresses IRF3 signaling activation and results in a decrease in IFN-ß production. Collectively, these results reveal a novel mechanism by which aMPV/C infection disrupts IFN-ß production in the host. IMPORTANCE The innate immune response is the first defense line of host cells and organisms against viral infections. When RNA viruses infect cells, viral RNA induces activation of retinoic acid-induced gene I and melanoma differentiation gene 5, which initiates downstream molecules and finally produces type I interferon (IFN-I) to regulate antiviral immune responses. The mechanism for avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) modulating IFN-I production to benefit its replication remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that phosphoprotein of aMPV subgroup C (aMPV/C) selectively inhibits the nuclear translocation of interferon regulatory 3 (IRF3), instead of affecting the expression and phosphorylation of IRF3, which finally downregulates IFN-I production. This study showed a novel mechanism for aMPV/C infection antagonizing the host IFN response.

11.
Shock ; 58(6): 534-541, 2022 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516451

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Our previous study confirmed that cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to acute lung injury (ALI) via inducing high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) release. Recent research showed that HMGB1 promotes pulmonary injury mainly via exosomes transport. Currently, alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) necroptosis has been demonstrated to be involved in ALI. However, it is unknown whether exosomal inflammatory cytokine HMGB1 promotes ALI by inducing AEC necroptosis, and its underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, a prospective cohort study was carried out, in which plasma samples from 21 CPB patients were isolated at four specific time points: pre-CPB, 2, 12, and 24 h after initiation of CPB. Plasma exosomes were extracted via ultra-high-speed centrifugation and cocultured with AEC cell line-A549 cells at increasing concentrations of 50, 100, and 150 µg/mL. Then, HMGB1 antagonist-Box A and mtDNA deficiency ethidium bromide (EtBr) were applied to explore the underlying role of exosomal HMGB1 and cytoplasm mitochondrial DNA in AEC. Western blot analysis showed that plasma exosomal HMGB1 expression gradually increased and peaked at 24 h after CPB. Twenty-four-hour treatment of CPB-derived exosomes at 150 µg/mL for 24 h could induce necroptosis by promoting mitochondrial fission and further elevating cytoplasm mtDNA levels in A549 cells, which was successfully blocked by Box A or EtBr. Most importantly, EtBr significantly inhibited cytoplasm mtDNA downstream guanosine monophosphate (GMP)-AMP synthase (cGAS)/stimulator of interferon gene (STING) signal pathway. Collectively, these data demonstrate that CPB-derived plasma exosomal HMGB1 contributes to AEC necroptosis through the mtDNA/cGAS/STING pathway.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Proteína HMGB1 , Necroptose , Humanos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/metabolismo , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Necroptose/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Exossomos/metabolismo
12.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 1194, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relative contributions of genetic and environmental factors versus unavoidable stochastic risk factors to the variation in cancer risk among tissues have become a widely-discussed topic. Some claim that the stochastic effects of DNA replication are mainly responsible, others believe that cancer risk is heavily affected by environmental and hereditary factors. Some of these studies made evidence from the correlation analysis between the lifetime number of stem cell divisions within each tissue and tissue-specific lifetime cancer risk. However, they did not consider the measurement error in the estimated number of stem cell divisions, which is caused by the exposure to different levels of genetic and environmental factors. This will obscure the authentic contribution of environmental or inherited factors. METHODS: In this study, we proposed two distinct modeling strategies, which integrate the measurement error model with the prevailing model of carcinogenesis to quantitatively evaluate the contribution of hereditary and environmental factors to cancer development. Then, we applied the proposed strategies to cancer data from 423 registries in 68 different countries (global-wide), 125 registries across China (national-wide of China), and 139 counties in Shandong province (Shandong provincial, China), respectively. RESULTS: The results suggest that the contribution of genetic and environmental factors is at least 92% to the variation in cancer risk among 17 tissues. Moreover, mutations occurring in progenitor cells and differentiated cells are less likely to be accumulated enough for cancer to occur, and the carcinogenesis is more likely to originate from stem cells. Except for medulloblastoma, the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the risk of other 16 organ-specific cancers are all more than 60%. CONCLUSIONS: This work provides additional evidence that genetic and environmental factors play leading roles in cancer development. Therefore, the identification of modifiable environmental and hereditary risk factors for each cancer is highly recommended, and primary prevention in early life-course should be the major focus of cancer prevention.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares , Meduloblastoma , Humanos , Carcinogênese/genética , Autorrenovação Celular , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; : 271678X221140349, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397212

RESUMO

The influence of hypoperfusion on cognition in patients with Moyamoya disease (MMD) is unclear. This study investigated cognitive function changes in MMD patients without stroke and illustrated the relationship between cognitive impairment and hypoperfusion. We prospectively performed a structured battery of seven neurocognitive tests on 115 adult MMD patients without stroke and 82 healthy controls. Hemodynamic assessment was performed using dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI. The best subset regression (BSR) strategy was used to identify risk factors. Global cognition (MoCA), speed of information processing (TMT-A), executive function (TMT-B), visuospatial function (CDT), and verbal memory (CAVLT) were significantly poorer in MMD patients without stroke than in healthy controls. The TMT-B score significantly correlated with cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the bilateral lateral frontal lobes, centrum semiovale, and temporal lobes. The TMT-A and CAVLT scores significantly correlated with CBF in the left centrum semiovale (L-CSO) and temporal lobes. According to the BSR results, age, education, white matter lesions, and hypoperfusion of the L-CSO were risk factors for cognitive impairment. Hypoperfusion leads to multiple cognitive impairments in MMD patients without stroke. The perfusion of particular areas may help evaluate the cognitive function of MMD patients and guide therapeutic strategies.

14.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360313

RESUMO

AhFAD2 is a key enzyme catalyzing the conversion of oleic acid into linoleic acid. The high oleic acid characteristic of peanut mainly comes from the homozygous recessive mutation of AhFAD2A and AhFAD2B genes (aabb). However, even in high-oleic-acid varieties with the aabb genotype, the oleic acid content of seeds with different maturity varies significantly. Therefore, in addition to AhFAD2A and AhFAD2B, other FAD2 members or regulators may be involved in this process. Which FAD2 genes are involved in the regulatory processes associated with seed maturity is still unclear. In this study, four stable lines with different genotypes (AABB, aaBB, AAbb, and aabb) were used to analyze the contents of oleic acid and linoleic acid at different stages of seed development in peanut. Three new AhFAD2 genes (AhFAD2-7, AhFAD2-8, and AhFAD2-9) were cloned based on the whole-genome sequencing results of cultivated peanuts. All peanut FAD2 genes showed tissue preference in expression; however, only the expression level of AhFAD2-7 was positively correlated with the linoleic acid concentration in peanut seeds. These findings provide new insights into the regulation of oleic acid accumulation by maturity, and AhFAD2-7 plays an important role in the maturity dependent accumulation of oleic acid and linoleic acid in peanut.


Assuntos
Arachis , Ácido Oleico , Ácido Oleico/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/genética , Ácido Linoleico/metabolismo , Sementes
15.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331417

RESUMO

Background: Acute skeletal muscle injuries are common among physical or sports traumas. The excessive oxidative stress at the site of injury impairs muscle regeneration. The authors have recently developed porous Se@SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with antioxidant properties. Methods: The protective effects were evaluated by cell proliferation, myogenic differentiation and mitochondrial activity. Then, the therapeutic effect was investigated in a cardiotoxin-induced muscle injury rat model. Results: Porous Se@SiO2 NPs significantly protected the morphological and functional stability of mitochondria, thus protecting satellite cells from H2O2-induced damage to cell proliferation and myogenic differentiation. In the rat model, intervention with porous Se@SiO2 NPs promoted muscle regeneration. Conclusion: This study reveals the application potential of porous Se@SiO2 NPs in skeletal muscle diseases related to mitochondrial dysfunction.


Muscle injuries are very common in daily life and in sports. When a muscle is injured, the local response inhibits the regeneration and differentiation of stem cells inside the muscle, thus hindering muscle regeneration. The authors have recently developed a nanoparticle with the ability to protect muscle stem cell function, promote stem cell proliferation and differentiation and facilitate muscle regeneration after skeletal muscle injury in rats. Thus, this study reveals the potential of porous Se@SiO2 nanoparticles in skeletal muscle diseases associated with mitochondrial dysfunction.

16.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421147

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) wave is a good candidate for biological sample detection, because vibration and rotation energy levels of biomolecule are in THz band. However, the strong absorption of THz wave by water in biological samples hinders its development. In this paper, a method for direct detection of THz absorption spectra of L-arginine suspension was proposed by using a strong field THz radiation source combined with a polyethylene cell with micrometer thickness in a THz time-domain spectroscopy system. And the THz absorption spectrum of L-arginine solution was simulated by the density functional theory and the simulation result is in good agreement with the experimental results. Finally, the types of chemical bond interaction that cause the absorption peak are identified based on the experimental and simulation results. This work paves a way to investigate the THz absorption spectra and intramolecular interactions of aqueous biological samples.


Assuntos
Arginina , Espectroscopia Terahertz , Simulação por Computador , Água , Polietileno
17.
Poult Sci ; 102(1): 102250, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36435163

RESUMO

Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) is an important causative agent that causes acute respiratory disease and egg-dropping in chickens and turkeys. Here, we characterized an aMPV subgroup C (aMPV/C) from 320-day-old broiler breeder chickens with severe respiratory diseases in Beijing, China, as evidenced by RT-PCR typing and confirmation of the nucleoprotein (N) gene sequence. The N gene sequence of the aMPV/C strain (designated BJ17) exhibited no deletions or insertions and possessed 94.6% to 99.6% identity to those of published aMPV/C isolates. The phylogenetic tree of the nucleotide sequences constructed using the neighbor-joining clustering method showed that the BJ17 strain formed one cluster with other aMPV/C viruses and formed one subcluster with published Chinese aMPV/C isolates regardless of Muscovy duck or chicken origins. Comparative analysis of the N proteins showed that a unique amino acid residue D at position 110 might be associated with regional distribution due to its occurrence in all the Chinese aMPV/C isolates only. Strain BJ17 was successfully isolated by cultured Vero cell passage and further inoculated in 3-wk-old specific-pathogen-free chickens for the examination of pathogenicity. Animal experimental results showed that BJ17-inoculated chickens had severe respiratory diseases and inflammatory lesions, as demonstrated by pathological changes and aMPV antigen in the nasal turbinate, tracheae, and lung tissues. These results enrich the available information regarding the epidemiology and pathogenicity of aMPV/C in chickens, which may facilitate the development of effective measures against aMPV/C infection in China.

18.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 698, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dried stem of Cistanche, is a famous Chinese traditional medicine. The main active pharmacodynamic components are phenylethanol glycosides (PhGs). Cistanche tubulosa produces higher level of PhGs in its stems than that of Cistanche deserticola. However, the key genes in the PhGs biosynthesis pathway is not clear in C. tubulosa. RESULTS: In this study, we performed the full-length transcriptome sequencing and gene expression profiling of C. tubulosa using PacBio combined with BGISEQ-500 RNA-seq technology. Totally, 237,772 unique transcripts were obtained, ranging from 199 bp to 31,857 bp. Among the unique transcripts, 188,135 (79.12%) transcripts were annotated. Interestingly, 1080 transcripts were annotated as 22 enzymes related to PhGs biosynthesis. We measured the content of echinacoside, acteoside and total PhGs at two development stages, and found that the content of PhGs was 46.74% of dry matter in young fleshy stem (YS1) and then decreased to 31.22% at the harvest stage (HS2). To compare with YS1, 13,631 genes were up-regulated, and 15,521 genes were down regulated in HS2. Many differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified to be involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway, phenylalanine metabolism pathway, and tyrosine metabolism pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of transcriptome study of C. tubulosa which provided the foundation for understanding of PhGs biosynthesis. Based on these results, we proposed a potential model for PhGs biosynthesis in C. tubulosa.


Assuntos
Cistanche , Álcool Feniletílico , Cistanche/genética , Cistanche/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glicosídeos , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Álcool Feniletílico/metabolismo , Tirosina/metabolismo
19.
Nature ; 610(7933): 661-666, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198794

RESUMO

Networks of optical clocks find applications in precise navigation1,2, in efforts to redefine the fundamental unit of the 'second'3-6 and in gravitational tests7. As the frequency instability for state-of-the-art optical clocks has reached the 10-19 level8,9, the vision of a global-scale optical network that achieves comparable performances requires the dissemination of time and frequency over a long-distance free-space link with a similar instability of 10-19. However, previous attempts at free-space dissemination of time and frequency at high precision did not extend beyond dozens of kilometres10,11. Here we report time-frequency dissemination with an offset of 6.3 × 10-20 ± 3.4 × 10-19 and an instability of less than 4 × 10-19 at 10,000 s through a free-space link of 113 km. Key technologies essential to this achievement include the deployment of high-power frequency combs, high-stability and high-efficiency optical transceiver systems and efficient linear optical sampling. We observe that the stability we have reached is retained for channel losses up to 89 dB. The technique we report can not only be directly used in ground-based applications, but could also lay the groundwork for future satellite time-frequency dissemination.

20.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1009674, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211588

RESUMO

Background and aims: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the most effective treatment strategy for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Nevertheless, dysregulated inflammation induced by myocardial reperfusion injury may increase the final infarct size and induce maladaptive myocardial remodeling. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor, as a novel and potent lipid-lowering drug, plays an important role in inflammation. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the early application of PCSK9 inhibitor can increase the myocardial salvage index (MSI) and improve ventricular remodeling in patients with STEMI. Design: The PERFECT II trial is a prospective, open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled study involving 160 patients with STEMI who are scheduled to undergo PPCI. The eligible patients will be divided into PCSK9 inhibitor group and control group via the interactive web response system, at a 1:1 ratio. In the PCSK9 inhibitor group, the PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab at a dose of 75 mg will be subcutaneously injected immediately after PPCI and administered every 2 weeks thereafter for 3 months based on conventional treatment. In the control group, conventional treatment will be administered. The primary endpoint is MSI, as measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at 1 week after PPCI. The secondary endpoints are the peak time of creatine kinase (CK)-MB and troponin I (TnI)/TnT after PPCI; the postoperative fall time of the ST segment on electrocardiography (ECG); the rate of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) compliance (< 1.4 mmol/L and a reduction of >50% from baseline) at 1, 3, and 6 months after PPCI; infarct size and ejection fraction (EF) measured by CMR at 6 months after PPCI; the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE: a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, repeat revascularization, stroke, and heart failure needed to be hospitalized). Conclusions: This is the first multicenter study to investigate the effect of early application of the PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab on MSI in patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI. The findings will provide an opportunity to explore novel ideas and methods for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT05292404.

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