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1.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181469

RESUMO

Single cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) nanocrystals show strong photoluminescence intermittency, with on- and off- dwelling times following power-law distributions. We investigate the correlations for successive on-times and successive off-times, and find a memory effect in the photoluminescence intermittency of such inorganic perovskite nanocrystals. This memory effect is not sensitive to the nature of the surface capping ligand and the embedding polymer. These observations suggest that photoluminescence intermittency and its memory are mainly controlled by intrinsic traps in the nanocrystals. Our findings will help optimizing light-emitting devices based on these perovskite nanocrystals.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 211, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant height, mainly decided by main stem height, is the major agronomic trait and closely correlated to crop yield. A number of studies had been conducted on model plants and crops to understand the molecular and genetic basis of plant height. However, little is known on the molecular mechanisms of peanut main stem height. RESULTS: In this study, a semi-dwarf peanut mutant was identified from 60Co γ-ray induced mutant population and designated as semi-dwarf mutant 2 (sdm2). The height of sdm2 was only 59.3% of its wild line Fenghua 1 (FH1) at the mature stage. The sdm2 has less internode number and short internode length to compare with FH1. Gene expression profiles of stem and leaf from both sdm2 and FH1 were analyzed using high throughput RNA sequencing. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were involved in hormone biosynthesis and signaling pathways, cell wall synthetic and metabolic pathways. BR, GA and IAA biosynthesis and signal transduction pathways were significantly enriched. The expression of several genes in BR biosynthesis and signaling were found to be significantly down-regulated in sdm2 as compared to FH1. Many transcription factors encoding genes were identified as DEGs. CONCLUSIONS: A large number of genes were found differentially expressed between sdm2 and FH1. These results provide useful information for uncovering the molecular mechanism regulating peanut stem height. It could facilitate identification of causal genes for breeding peanut varieties with semi-dwarf phenotype.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(6)2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183481

RESUMO

The polymorphic membrane protein D (PmpD) is a highly conserved outer membrane protein which plays an important role in pathogenesis during Chlamydia psittaci infection. In this study, we evaluated the ability of the N-terminus of PmpD (PmpD-N) to modulate the functions of chicken macrophages and the signaling pathway(s) involved in PmpD-N-induced Toll-like receptors (TLRs), as well as interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 cytokine secretions. Thus, HD11 macrophages were treated with exogenous and intracellular PmpD-N of C. psittaci. The chlamydial growth was evaluated by enumeration of chlamydial loads in the infected macrophages. The phagocytic function of macrophages following PmpD-N treatment was detected by fluorescein-labeled Escherichia coli (E. coli). The concentration of nitric oxide (NO) secreted by HD11 macrophages was measured by the amount of NO2- in the culture supernatant using the Griess method. The cytokine secretions were assessed using multiplex cytokine ELISA kits. Expression levels of TLRs, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) were analyzed by a Western blotting assay, as well as a luciferase assay, while NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation was assessed by confocal microscopy. The nuclear translocation of the transcription factor NF-κB was confirmed by evaluating its ability to combine with the corresponding promoter using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). After treatment with exogenous or endogenous PmpD-N, chlamydial loads and phagocytic functions were reduced significantly compared with those of the plasmid vector group, while NO secretions were reduced significantly compared with those of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment. Stimulation of HD11 cells with PmpD-N provoked the secretion of the Th2 cytokines, IL-6, and IL-10 and upregulated the expression of TLR2, TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB. Furthermore, inhibition of TLR2, MyD88, and NF-κB in HD11 cells significantly decreased IL-6 and IL-10 cytokine levels, while NO production and phagocytosis increased significantly, strongly suggesting their involvement in PmpD-N-induced Th2 cytokine secretion and macrophage dysfunction. Our data indicate that C. psittaci PmpD-N inhibited macrophage functions by activating the Th2 immune response and the TLR2/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 59(5): 2853-2860, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049512

RESUMO

Based on the mixed carboxylate ligands synthesis strategy, an indium-organic framework, (Me2NH2)1.5[In1.5(FBDC)(BDC)]·2.5NMF·CH3CN (1) has been constructed by using the mixed (2,5-di(2',5'-dicarboxylphenyl)-difluorobenzene (H4FBDC) and terephthalic acid (H2BDC). Compound 1 contains a 3D intersecting pore system which surface is modified by F atoms, and it has excellent stability in pH = 2-12 aqueous solutions. The activated 1 shows high separation for C2H2/CO2 and C2H2/CH4. Moreover, 1 not only has strong luminescence but also has the high selectivity and sensibility of fluorescence detection to nitrofurazone (NZF) in antibiotic sensing experiments, which can be used as a luminescence sensor for NZF detection.

5.
Plant Signal Behav ; 15(2): 1721044, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009540

RESUMO

In recent years, black testa peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) has been favored because of its nutritional value and health function. To explore the genetic basis of peanut testa color, high-throughput sequencing technology was used to sequence the transcriptome of black testa peanut 'ZH9' and pink testa peanut 'ZH8.' Over 18 million high-quality reads were assembled into 49,404-52,578 genes for these two cultivars using a combined assembly strategy. Totally, 4,122 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between ZH8 and ZH9, among which 1317 (32%) were up-regulated and 2805 (68%) were down-regulated. KEGG analysis showed that the pathways of anthocyanin biosynthesis, isoflavonoid biosynthesis, flavone and flavonol biosynthesis, and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were in the top 20 differentially expressed genes enriched pathways. Further analysis showed that the formation of the black color of ZH9 testa was mainly due to the reduction of lignin biosynthesis and isoflavonoid biosynthesis, and as a result, more substrate flow to anthocyanin biosynthesis. The up-regulation of all genes associated with DFR, a key enzyme determining flavonoid synthesis or anthocyanin synthesis in the flavonoid metabolic pathway, is also a strategy for increasing dihydroflavonol, a substrate for anthocyanin and flavonol biosynthesis. In addition, we identified three up-regulated R2R3MYB transcription factors associated with anthocyanin biosynthesis in ZH9. Finally, we verified the expressions of 15 genes that encode key enzymes and transcription factors using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR).

6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(9): 4823-4830, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071230

RESUMO

Ammonia oxidation to nitrite and its subsequent oxidation to nitrate provides energy to the two populations of nitrifying chemoautotrophs in the energy-starved dark ocean, driving a coupling between reduced inorganic nitrogen (N) pools and production of new organic carbon (C) in the dark ocean. However, the relationship between the flux of new C production and the fluxes of N of the two steps of oxidation remains unclear. Here, we show that, despite orders-of-magnitude difference in cell abundances between ammonia oxidizers and nitrite oxidizers, the two populations sustain similar bulk N-oxidation rates throughout the deep waters with similarly high affinities for ammonia and nitrite under increasing substrate limitation, thus maintaining overall homeostasis in the oceanic nitrification pathway. Our observations confirm the theoretical predictions of a redox-informed ecosystem model. Using balances from this model, we suggest that consistently low ammonia and nitrite concentrations are maintained when the two populations have similarly high substrate affinities and their loss rates are proportional to their maximum growth rates. The stoichiometric relations between the fluxes of C and N indicate a threefold to fourfold higher C-fixation efficiency per mole of N oxidized by ammonia oxidizers compared to nitrite oxidizers due to nearly identical apparent energetic requirements for C fixation of the two populations. We estimate that the rate of chemoautotrophic C fixation amounts to ∼1 × 1013 to ∼2 × 1013 mol of C per year globally through the flux of ∼1 × 1014 to ∼2 × 1014 mol of N per year of the two steps of oxidation throughout the dark ocean.

7.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 50(3): 325-332, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System (CNS) was revised to include molecular biomarkers as diagnostic criteria. However, conventional biopsies of gliomas were spatially and temporally limited. This study aimed to determine whether circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could provide more comprehensive diagnostic information to gliomas. METHODS: Combined with clinical data, we analyzed gene alterations from CSF and tumor tissues of newly diagnosed patients, and detected mutations of ctDNA in recurrent patients. We simultaneously analyzed mutations of ctDNA in different glioma subtypes, and in lower-grade gliomas (LrGG) versus glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). RESULTS: CSF ctDNA mutations had high concordance rates with tumor DNA (tDNA). CSF ctDNA mutations of PTEN and TP53 were commonly detected in recurrent gliomas patients. IDH mutation was detected in most of CSF ctDNA derived from IDH-mutant diffuse astrocytomas, while CSF ctDNA mutations of RB1 and EGFR were found in IDH-wild-type GBM. IDH mutation was detected in LrGG, whereas Rb1 mutation was more commonly detected in GBM. CONCLUSIONS: CSF ctDNA detection can be an alternative method as liquid biopsy in gliomas.

8.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 7, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have found ischemic stroke is associated with atrial fibrillation. However, the causal association between ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation is not clear. Furthermore, the network relationship among ischemic stroke, atrial fibrillation and its risk factors need further attention. This study aims to examine the potential causal association between ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation and further to explore potential mediators in the causal pathway from ischemic stroke to atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Summary statistics from the ISGC (case = 10,307 and control = 19,326) were used as ischemic stroke genetic instruments, AFGen Consortium data (case = 65,446 and control = 522,744) were used for atrial fibrillation, and other consortia data were used for potential mediators (fasting insulin, white blood cell count, procalcitonin, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, and height). Under the framework of network Mendelian randomization, two-sample Mendelian randomization study was performed using summary statistics from several genome-wide association studies. Inverse-variance weighted method was performed to estimate causal effect. RESULTS: Blood pressure mediates the causal pathways from ischemic stroke to atrial fibrillation. The total odds ratio of ischemic stroke on atrial fibrillation was 1.05 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.07; P = 1.3 × 10-5). One-unit increase of genetically determined ischemic stroke was associated with 0.02 (DBP: 95% CI, 0.001 to 0.034, P = 0.029; SBP: 95% CI, 0.006 to 0.034, P = 0.003) upper systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. Higher genetically determined systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels were associated with higher atrial fibrillation risk (DBP: RR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.35; P = 0.012. SBP: RR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.38; P = 0.04). Specially, we also found the bidirectional causality between blood pressure and ischemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provided a strong evidence that raised blood pressure in stroke patients increases the risk of atrial fibrillation and active acute blood pressure lowering can improve the outcome in ischemic stroke patients.

9.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 104(3): 358-365, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975014

RESUMO

Variations of phytoaccumulation and tolerance in different growth stages of plant are important factors for effective removal of pollutants in phytoremediation. The present work investigated arsenic (As) accumulation, As-tolerance and the physiological tolerance mechanisms of Typha angustifolia under different As-level during the seedling, fast-growing and breeding stages. The results showed that As mainly distributed in the underground part and total As accumulation increased with growth stages. Maximum growth rates under lower As occurred in seedling stage, whereas occurred in breeding stage under higher As. T. angustifolia exhibited the highest tolerance ability under 150 mg kg-1 As and tolerance index (TI) varied from seedling to breeding stages. During seedling stage, TI was affected by plant height (Hshoot) and net photosynthesis, which control biomass production. During fast-growing stage, Hshoot and root glutathione (GSH) co-regulated plant As-tolerance. During breeding stage, physiological metabolic processes, especially GSH-mediated processes, played a critical role in improving plant As-tolerance.

10.
Chem Asian J ; 15(1): 191-197, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782903

RESUMO

Three new isostructural 3D lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs), {H[LnL(H2 O)]⋅2 H2 O}n (1-Ln) (Ln=Eu3+ , Gd3+ and Tb3+ ), based on infinite lanthanide-carboxylate chains were constructed by employing an ether-separated 5,5'-oxydiisophthalic acid (H4 L) ligand under solvothermal reaction. 1-Eu and 1-Tb exhibit strong red and green emission, respectively, through the antenna effect, as demonstrated through a combination of calculation and experimental results. Moreover, a series of dichromatic doped 1-Eux Tby MOFs were fabricated by introducing different concentrations of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions, and they display an unusual variation of luminescent colors from green, yellow, orange to red. 1-Eu with channels decorated by ether O atoms and the open metal sites displays good performance for CO2 capture and conversion between CO2 and epoxides into cyclic carbonates.

11.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 18(1): 96-105, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131506

RESUMO

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea. L) is an important oil crop worldwide. The common testa colours of peanut varieties are pink or red. But the peanut varieties with dark purple testa have been focused in recent years due to the potential high levels of anthocyanin, an added nutritional value of antioxidant. However, the genetic mechanism regulating testa colour of peanut is unknown. In this study, we found that the purple testa was decided by the female parent and controlled by a single major gene named AhTc1. To identify the candidate gene controlling peanut purple testa, whole-genome resequencing-based approach (QTL-seq) was applied, and a total of 260.9 Gb of data were generated from the parental and bulked lines. SNP index analysis indicated that AhTc1 located in a 4.7 Mb region in chromosome A10, which was confirmed by bulked segregant RNA sequencing (BSR) analysis in three segregation populations derived from the crosses between pink and purple testa varieties. Allele-specific markers were developed and demonstrated that the marker pTesta1089 was closely linked with purple testa. Further, AhTc1 encoding a R2R3-MYB gene was positional cloned. The expression of AhTc1 was significantly up-regulated in the purple testa parent YH29. Overexpression of AhTc1 in transgenic tobacco plants led to purple colour of leaves, flowers, pods and seeds. In conclusion, AhTc1, encoding a R2R3-MYB transcription factor and conferring peanut purple testa, was identified, which will be useful for peanut molecular breeding selection for cultivars with purple testa colour for potential increased nutritional value to consumers.

12.
J Proteomics ; 212: 103598, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785380

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) infection induces porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome, reproductive failure, and multisystemic inflammatory lesions in piglets and sows. To better understand the host responses to PCV3 infection, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling combined with LC-MS/MS analysis was used for quantitative determination of differentially regulated cellular proteins in the lungs of specific-pathogen-free piglets after 4 weeks of PCV3 infection. Totally, 3429 proteins were detected in three independent mass spectrometry analyses, of which 242 differential cellular proteins were significantly regulated, consisting of 100 upregulated proteins and 142 downregulated proteins in PCV3-infected group relative to control group. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that these higher or lower abundant proteins involved primarily metabolic processes, innate immune response, MHC-I and MHC-II components, and phagosome pathways. Ten genes encoding differentially regulated proteins were selected for investigation via real-time RT-PCR. The expression levels of six representative proteins, OAS1, Mx1, ISG15, IFIT3, SOD2, and HSP60, were further confirmed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. This study attempted for the first time to investigate the protein profile of PCV3-infected piglets using iTRAQ technology; our findings provide valuable information to better understand the mechanisms underlying the host responses to PCV3 infection in piglets. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study identified differentially abundant proteins related to a variety of potential signaling pathways in the lungs of PCV3-infected piglets. These findings provide valuable information to better understand the mechanisms of host responses to PCV3 infection.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(24): 16743-16751, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794201

RESUMO

Utilizing the oxygen-bridged 5,5'-oxidiisophthalic acid (H4L) linker, one Co(II)-based 3D porous MOF {[Co5(L)2(OH)2(OH2)2(H2O)4]·2DMF·H2O}n (1) with pentanuclear [Co5(µ3-OH)2(µ2-OH2)2]8+ cluster was prepared. The glassy carbon electrode was modified by 1, and the obtained electrode revealed electrocatalytic performance for glucose oxidation. The porous MOF matrix is beneficial for dispersing Ag nanoparticles evenly in the interior cages or channels, so Ag@1 composite composed of both Ag nanoparticles and MOF was further prepared through deposition-reduction method to enhance electrocatalytic activity. The result demonstrates that the glucose oxidation by Ag@1 was greatly increased with low detection limit (1.32 µM) and good selectivity and sensitivity (0.135 µA µM-1), which promote the application of MOF-template porous composites as advanced electrochemical sensor materials. Furthermore, 1 shows an interesting magnetic spin-glass slow dynamics for the existing of peculiar pentanuclear Co(II) clusters.

14.
Cell Rep ; 29(13): 4568-4582.e5, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875561

RESUMO

In vitro gametogenesis is the process of making germline cells from human pluripotent stem cells. The foundation of this model is the quality of the first progenitors called primordial germ cells (PGCs), which in vivo are specified during the peri-implantation window of human development. Here, we show that human PGC (hPGC) specification begins at day 12 post-fertilization. Using single-cell RNA sequencing of hPGC-like cells (hPGCLCs) differentiated from pluripotent stem cells, we discovered that hPGCLC specification involves resetting pluripotency toward a transitional state with shared characteristics between naive and primed pluripotency, followed by differentiation into lineage-primed TFAP2A+ progenitors. Applying the germline trajectory to TFAP2C mutants reveals that TFAP2C functions in the TFAP2A+ progenitors upstream of PRDM1 to regulate the expression of SOX17. This serves to protect hPGCLCs from crossing the Weismann's barrier to adopt somatic cell fates and, therefore, is an essential mechanism for successfully initiating in vitro gametogenesis.

15.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1459, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urbanization and aging are global phenomena that offer unique challenges in different countries. A supportive environment plays an important role in addressing the issues of health behavioral change and health promotion (e.g., prevent chronic illnesses, promote mental health) among older adults. With the development of the socio-ecological theoretical model, studies on the impact of supportive environments on physical activity have become popular in the public health field in the EU and US. Meanwhile, very few Chinese studies have examined the relationship between built environment features and older adults' physical activity at the ecological level. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the factors part of the built environment of Nanjing's communities also influence leisure time physical activity among the elderly. METHODS: Using a socio-ecological model as a theoretical framework, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 399 elderly people from 19 communities in Nanjing, China, using a one-on-one questionnaire to collect data, including participants' perceived built environment and self-reported physical activity. A multivariate linear regression method was used to analyze the factors influencing their recreational physical activity. RESULTS: This study found that compared to older people with low average monthly income, the recreational physical activity of the elderly with average monthly incomes between 1001 and 2000 ¥ (ß = 23.31, p < 0.001) and 2001 ¥ or more (ß = 21.15, p < 0.001) are significantly higher. After controlling for individual covariates, street connectivity (ß = 7.34, p = 0.030) and street pavement slope (ß = - 7.72, p = 0.020), we found that two out of ten built environment factors indicators influence their physical activity. The importance of each influencing factor ranked from highest to lowest are monthly average income, street pavement slope, and street connectivity. Other factors were not significantly related to recreational physical activity by the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with a high income were more likely to participate in recreational physical activity than those with a low income. In order to positively impact physical activity in older adults and ultimately improve health, policymakers and urban planners need to ensure that street connectivity and street pavement slope are factored into the design and development of the urban environment.


Assuntos
Ambiente Construído , Exercício/psicologia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Apoio Social , Urbanização , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos Transversais , Fenômenos Ecológicos e Ambientais , Pesquisa Empírica , Planejamento Ambiental , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Modelos Teóricos , Pobreza/psicologia , Análise de Regressão , Autorrelato
16.
ACS Omega ; 4(20): 18645-18652, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737824

RESUMO

Two types of plasmonic metamaterial absorbers (PMAs) formed from patterned all-dielectric resonators are designed and demonstrated experimentally in the terahertz (THz) range. Both PMAs use a simple grating design on highly N-doped silicon. The first shows broadband absorption with near-perfect peak absorbance at 1.45 THz and a bandwidth of 1.05 THz for 90% absorbance, while the second is a dual-band absorber. Experiments show that the second absorber has two distinct absorption peaks at 0.96 and 1.92 THz with absorption rates of 99.7 and 99.9%, respectively. A fundamental cavity mode coupled to coaxial surface plasmon polaritons is responsible for the characteristics of both PMAs. Additionally, the optically tunable responses of these all-dielectric absorbers demonstrate that the absorption behavior can be modified. The quality factor (Q) values of the dual-band resonances are 4.6 and 7.8 times larger than those of the broadband PMAs, respectively, which leads to a better sensing performance. As an example, the two proposed PMAs act as high-sensitivity sensors and demonstrate considerable potential for chlorpyrifos detection. These results show that these PMAs can be used as sensors that can detect the presence of trace pesticides in adsorption analyses, among other practical applications.

17.
Appl Bionics Biomech ; 2019: 5823908, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662791

RESUMO

Background: The analysis and comprehension of the coordination control of a human gait on common grounds benefit the development of robotic exoskeleton for motor recovery. Objective: This study investigated whether the common grounds effect the interjoint coordination of healthy participants with/without exoskeletons in walking. Methods: The knee-ankle coordination and hip-knee coordination of 8 healthy participants in a sagittal plane were measured on five kinds of pavements (tiled, carpet, wooden, concrete, and pebbled) with/without exoskeletons, using the continuous relative phase (CRP). The root mean square of CRP (CRPRMS) over each phase of the gait cycle is used to analyze the magnitude of dephasing between joints, and the standard deviation of CRP (CRPSD) in the full gait cycle is used to assess the variability of coordination patterns between joints. Results: The CRPHip-Knee/RMS of the carpet pavement with exoskeleton is different from that of other pavements (except the tiled pavement) in the midstance phase. The CRPHip-Knee/RMS on the pebble pavement without exoskeleton is less than that on the other pavements in all phases. The CRPHip-Knee/SD of the pebble pavement without exoskeleton is smaller than that of other pavements. The CRPKnee-Ankle/SD with/without exoskeleton is similar across all pavements. Conclusion: The compressive capacity of the pavement and the unevenness of the pavement are important factors that influence interjoint coordination, which can be used as key control elements of gait to adapt different pavements for robotic exoskeleton. Novelty: We provide a basis of parameter change of kinematics on different common grounds for the design and optimization of robotic exoskeleton for motor recovery.

18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1267, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community health services have played an important role in the prevention and control of diabetes in China. The aims of this study were to examine the frequency of visits to community clinics for diabetic care services, to assess factors correlated with infrequent primary care visits and to identify barriers to regular follow-up visits for urban and rural patients. METHODS: Between October 2014 and November 2014, data were collected from 17 communities in two cities and four townships located in Shandong and Jiangsu Provinces in China. A total of 1598 diabetic patients aged 18 years or older who were registered with a primary health station in local communities were selected by simple random sampling. Each participant was required to complete an interviewer-led questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify significant factors for infrequent visitor status using multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: After being clearly informed of the study protocol, 1508/1598 (94.4%) patients agreed to participate in this survey. Among the 1508 subjects (mean age 64.4 ± 10.6), 683 (45.3%) were classified as infrequent visitors. The following were significant factors determining infrequent visitor status: urban residence, lack of health insurance, per-capita household income< 20,000 (yuan), lack of telephone follow-up and lack of household visit. From the patients' perspectives, the reasons for infrequent visits among urban patients included drug scarcity and longer travel time to clinics. For rural patients, worries about medical expenses and drug scarcity were the most common barriers to clinic visits. CONCLUSION: Determinants of infrequent community visits in diabetes patients include urban residence, lower household income, lack of health insurance, lack of telephone follow-up and lack of household visit services. Strategies aimed at enhancing the utilization of community health care should be implemented in China.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , China , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e029249, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of risk factors for hypertension among Chinese cardiologists using a nation-wide survey. DESIGN: Multicenter, cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: 2441 hospitals across China were surveyed between September 2016 and August 2017. PARTICIPANTS: All in-service cardiologists were surveyed (n=28 924). INTERVENTIONS: WeChat-based electronic data capture system, a social application in China (Tencent, Nanshan, China), was used for data acquisition. Physician subscribed to the WeChat official account of the China Cardiologist Heart Study, and filled out an online questionnaire that included age, gender, level of in-service hospital, professional title, academic degree, area of expertise and cardiovascular risk factors. All information was required. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. The secondary outcome was the impact of the risk factors on the occurrence of hypertension. RESULTS: Among 28 924 Chinese cardiologists who completed the questionnaire, 57.6% had blood pressure of 130-139/80-89 mm Hg (5.3% were taking antihypertensive drugs) and 22.0% had blood pressure >140/>90 mm Hg (36.5% were taking antihypertensive drugs). The multivariable analysis showed that age, gender, academic degree, hospital level, body mass index (BMI), smoking and comorbidities were independently associated with hypertension among cardiologists (all p<0.05). Age, female gender, BMI, smoking, family history of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and comorbidities were independently associated with taking antihypertensive drugs among hypertensive cardiologists (all p<0.05). Age, hospital level, professional title, BMI, family history of CVDs and comorbidities were independently associated with reaching target blood pressure among hypertensive cardiologists taking antihypertensive drugs. CONCLUSION: Chinese cardiologists do not recognise and pay attention to their own blood pressure. Their rate of antihypertensive treatment was low. The identified risk factors could be used to identify cardiologists at higher risk for hypertension and for implementing preventive interventions.

20.
Virology ; 537: 254-263, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539773

RESUMO

Diverse effects on autophagy, a cell degradation pathway, have been associated with the infectious mechanisms of different pathogens. Here, we demonstrated that Seneca valley virus (SVV), an important emerging porcine virus characterized by vesicular lesions and neonatal mortality, can induce autophagy in cultured PK-15 and BHK-21 cells by detecting autophagosome formation, GFP-LC3 puncta and accumulation of LC3-II proteins. Treatment with pharmacological inducers/inhibitors and small interfering RNA sequences targeting genes critical for autophagosome formation affected autophagy induction and viral yields. SVV induced a complete autophagic process to enhance its replication. The PERK and ATF6 pathways, two components of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-related unfolded protein response (UPR), were also activated in SVV-infected cells and downregulation of their expression suppressed SVV-induced autophagy and viral yields. Overall, these results reveal that SVV induces autophagy in cultured cells through the PERK and ATF6 pathways, thereby contributing to understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying SVV pathogenesis.

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