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1.
Biomaterials ; 255: 120201, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592872

RESUMO

For patients with extensive skin defects, loss of sweat glands (SwGs) greatly decreases their quality of life. Indeed, difficulties in thermoregulation, ion reabsorption, and maintaining fluid balance might render them susceptible to hyperthermia, heatstroke, or even death. Despite extensive studies on the stem cell biology of the skin in recent years, in-situ regeneration of SwGs with both structural and functional fidelity is still challenging because of the limited regenerative capacity and cell fate control of resident progenitors. To overcome these challenges, one must consider both the intrinsic factors relevant to genetic and epigenetic regulation and cues from the cellular microenvironment. Here, we describe recent progress in molecular biology, developmental pathways, and cellular evolution associated with SwGdevelopment and maturation. This is followed by a summary of the current strategies used for cell-fate modulation, transmembrane drug delivery, and scaffold design associated with SwGregeneration. Finally, we offer perspectives for creating more sophisticated systems to accelerate patients' innate healing capacity and developing engineered skin constructs to treat or replace damaged tissues structurally and functionally.

2.
Pain Physician ; 23(2): E185-E193, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opioid-based postoperative analgesia provides adequate analgesia with much adverse effects and immunosuppression. Dexmedetomidine and ketorolac have properties of opioid-sparing, antiinflammation, and immune protection. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of whole-course application of dexmedetomidine combined with ketorolac in nonnarcotic postoperative analgesia and its effect on inflammatory response and immune function in thoracoscopic surgery of lung cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized control trial. SETTING: The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for thoracoscopic surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into 2 groups to receive a combination of intraoperative usage of dexmedetomidine and postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia of dexmedetomidine 0.1 µg/kg/h and ketorolac 3 mg/kg (DEX group) or only postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia of sufentanil 1.5 µg/kg and ketorolac 3 mg/kg (SUF group) for 48 hours. Vital signs, postoperative Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, Ramsay sedation score, patient-controlled analgesia pressing times, consumption of sufentanil and rescue drug, and complications were compared between the 2 groups. The levels of inflammatory factors and immune function were also compared. RESULTS: A significant reduction in median blood pressures and heart rates within 48 hours after surgery and perioperative consumption of sufentanil were observed in the DEX group compared with the SUF group (P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was found in VAS scores, patient-controlled analgesia pressing times, and rescue drug consumption between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). The incidence of nausea was significantly lower in the DEX group compared with the SUF group (P < 0.05). A significant decrease of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and increased CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ were observed in the DEX group compared with the SUF group at 24 and 48 hours after surgery (P < 0.05). There was no difference in the levels of CD8+ and natural killer cells between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by its sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Whole-course application of dexmedetomidine combined with ketorolac in nonnarcotic postoperative analgesia provided adequate and safe postoperative analgesia, reduced sufentanil consumption, analgesia-related complications, alleviated inflammatory response, and immunosuppression compared with sufentanil-based analgesia in thoracoscopic surgery. KEY WORDS: Dexmedetomidine, ketorolac, sufentanil, thoracoscopic surgery, postoperative analgesic, patient-controlled analgesia, inflammatory response, immune function.

3.
World J Pediatr ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of studies pointed that being delivered by cesarean section (CS) would affect the health outcomes of offspring, however, whether CS would affect the risk of childhood leukemia remained uncertain. This study conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively evaluate whether being delivered by CS would influence the onset of childhood leukemia. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases were searched from 3rd June, 1950 to 13th October, 2019 to identify the literature, which examined the relationship between CS and childhood leukemia. This study used Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to assess the quality of literature. Subgroup analyses were conducted on region, mode of delivery, design of the study and number of confounders adjusted. Egger's test and Begg's test were performed to evaluate possible publication bias. RESULTS: The pooled odds ratio (OR) estimates illustrated that children delivered by CS had a higher risk of developing leukemia [OR 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.17, P = 0.002] and lymphoblastic leukemia (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03-1.23, P = 0.009), while a significant association for myeloid leukemia was not observed (OR 1.05, 95% CI 0.92-1.20, P = 0.451). Results of subgroup analyses indicated that elective CS would increase the risk of childhood lymphoblastic leukemia (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.06-1.27, P = 0.002). However, a statistical relationship between emergency CS and lymphoblastic leukemia was not observed (OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.93-1.23, P = 0.364). CONCLUSIONS: CS would increase the risk of childhood lymphoblastic leukemia. It is worth noting that subgroup analyses shows that elective CS rather than emergency CS increases the risk of lymphoblastic leukemia in offspring.

4.
Biofactors ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078205

RESUMO

Quercetin is a plant flavonoid and has antioxidative properties. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of quercetin on thyroid dysfunction in L-thyroxin (LT4)-induced hyperthyroidism rats. LT4 was used to prepare the experimental hyperthyroidism model via the intraperitoneal injection. Quercetin was injected at a series doses (5, 50, and 100 mg/kg) to LT4-induced hypothyroidism rats once a day for 14 days. The body weight and food intake were measured once a week. The levels of thyroid hormones, liver function, oxidative stress markers, and antioxidant markers were measured using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the thyroid tissue histological changes. The levels of nuclear and total nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were determined by western blot. The liver oxidative stress markers in LT4-induced hyperthyroidism Nrf2 knockout rats were determined to evaluate the role of Nrf2 on quercetin induced protective effects. LT4 administration increased the levels of serum triiodothyronine and thyroxine, activity of oxidative stress markers with a parallel decrease in antioxidant markers and Nrf2. However, the simultaneous administration of quercetin, reversed all these effects indicating its potential in the regulation of hyperthyroidism. Furthermore, the loss function of Nrf2 diminished these effects resulting from the quercetin application, indicating the inhibitory effects caused by the quercetin may be involved in Nrf2 signaling pathway. These results indicate that quercetin could be used to protect against experimental hyperthyroidism-induced liver damage via Nrf2 signaling pathway.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(5): 4109-4119, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612497

RESUMO

Hypertrophic scars (HTS) commonly occurred after burn and trauma. It was characterized by the excessive deposition of extracellular matrix with the inadequate remodeling, which could result in severe physiological and psychological problems. However, the effective available prevention and treatment measures were still limited. The main pathological feature of HTS was the excessive formation of myofibroblasts, and they persist in the repaired tissue. To better understand the mechanics of this process, this review focused on the characteristics and formation of myofibroblasts, the main effector cells in HTS. We summarized the present theories and opinions on myofibroblasts formation from the perspective of related signaling pathways and epigenetic regulation, such as DNA methylation, miRNA/lncRNA/ceRNA action, histone modification, and so forth for a better understanding on the development of HTS. This information might assist in developing effective experimental and clinical treatment strategies. Additionally, we also summarized currently known clinical strategies for HTS treatment, including traditional drugs, molecular medicine, stem cells, and exosomes.

6.
Plant Dis ; 104(1): 16-24, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730411

RESUMO

Gummy stem blight (GSB), caused by Stagonosporopsis cucurbitacearum (syn. Didymella bryoniae), is a destructive foliar disease of watermelon in areas with hot and humid climates. The wild watermelon germplasm PI 189225 is a known source of resistance to GSB. The identification and use of molecular markers linked to resistance genes in the wild-type germplasm will speed up the introgression of GSB resistance into new watermelon varieties. An F2 segregating population was obtained from a cross between the resistant wild watermelon genotype PI 189225 and the susceptible genotype K3. The F2-derived F3 families were inoculated with a single isolate of S. cucurbitacearum (JS002) from Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The results of the genetic analysis demonstrated that GSB resistance in PI 189225 was controlled by a major quantitative trait locus (QTL), temporarily designated Qgsb8.1. Based on the results of bulk sergeant analysis and sequencing, one associated region spanning 5.7 Mb (10,358,659 to 16,101,517) on chromosome 8 was identified as responsible for the resistance to GSB using the Δ(single-nucleotide polymorphism [SNP]-index) method. The result of a QTL linkage analysis with Kompetitive allele-specific PCR (KASP) SNP markers further mapped the GSB resistance locus between the SNP markers KASP_JS9383 and KASP_JS9168 in a region of 571.27 kb on chromosome 8. According to the watermelon gene annotation database, the region contains approximately 19 annotated genes and, of these 19 genes, 2 are disease resistance gene analogs: Cla001017 (coiled-coil nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat resistance protein) and Cla001019 (pathogenesis related). Reverse-transcription quantitative PCR demonstrated that the expression of the two genes changed following S. cucurbitacearum infection, suggesting that they play important roles in GSB resistance in watermelon. This result will facilitate fine mapping and cloning of the Qgsb8.1 locus, and the linked markers will further provide a useful tool for marker-assisted selection of this locus in watermelon breeding programs.


Assuntos
Citrullus , Resistência à Doença , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Citrullus/genética , Citrullus/microbiologia , Resistência à Doença/genética , Ligação Genética , Genótipo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Locos de Características Quantitativas
7.
Sci China Life Sci ; 63(4): 552-562, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701455

RESUMO

Small molecules loaded into biological materials present a promising strategy for stimulating endogenous repair mechanisms for in situ skin regeneration. Lithium can modulate various biologic processes, promoting proliferation, angiogenesis, and decreasing inflammation. However, its role in skin repair is rarely reported. In this study, we loaded lithium chloride (LiCl) into the chitosan (CHI) hydrogel and develop a sterile and biocompatible sponge scaffold through freeze-drying. In-vitro assessment demonstrated that the CHI-LiCl composite scaffolds (CLiS) possessed favorable cytocompatibility, swelling and biodegradation. We created full-thickness skin wounds in male C57BL/c mice to evaluate the healing capacity of CLiS. Compared with the wounds of control and CHI scaffold (CS) groups, the wounds in the CLiS-treated group showed reduced inflammation, improved angiogenesis, accelerated re-epithelialization, sustained high expression of ß-catenin with a small amount of regenerated hair follicles. Therefore, CLiS may be a promising therapeutic dressing for skin wound repair and regeneration.

8.
Adv Mater ; 32(7): e1907079, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867806

RESUMO

Rechargeable lithium (Li) metal batteries hold great promise for revolutionizing current energy-storage technologies. However, the uncontrollable growth of lithium dendrites impedes the service of Li anodes in high energy and safety batteries. There are numerous studies on Li anodes, yet little attention has been paid to the intrinsic electrocrystallization characteristics of Li metal and their underlying mechanisms. Herein, a guided growth of planar Li layers, instead of random Li dendrites, is achieved on self-assembled reduced graphene oxide (rGO). In situ optical observation is performed to monitor the morphology evolution of such a planar Li layer. Moreover, the underlying mechanism during electrodeposition/stripping is revealed using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The combined experiment and simulation results show that when Li atoms are deposited on rGO, each layer of Li atoms grows along (110) crystallographic plane of the Li crystals because of the fine in-plane lattice matching between Li and the rGO substrate, resulting in planar Li deposition. With this specific topographic characteristic, a highly flexible lithium-sulfur (Li-S) full cell with rGO-guided planar Li layers as the anode exhibits stable cycling performance and high specific energy and power densities. This work enriches the fundamental understanding of Li electrocrystallization without dendrites and provides guidance for practical applications.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634873

RESUMO

Context: Having been used for thousands of years to treat gastrointestinal diseases, the natural isoquinoline alkaloid, berberine, has exhibited a wide spectrum of biochemical and pharmacological effects in studies of recent years. Objective: The review intended to examine the many novel bioactivities of berberine, including antidiabetic, anticancer, neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-atherosclerotic actions. Design: The research team searched the MEDLINE database using PubMed, using different keyword combinations, including berberine AND diabetes, berberine AND cancer, berberine AND (neuron OR brain), berberine AND inflammation, and "berberine AND atherosclerosis to find studies evaluating the various effects exerted berberine. Conclusion: Berberine is a promising multipotent agent to combat diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and other diseases.

10.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 19(23): 2176-2186, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456520

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor with a 5-year survival rate of less than 6%, and incidence increasing year by year globally. Pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis and a high recurrence rate, almost the same as the death rate. However, the available effective prevention and treatment measures for pancreatic cancer are still limited. The genome variation is one of the main reasons for the development of pancreatic cancer. In recent years, with the development of gene sequencing technology, in-depth research on pancreatic cancer gene mutation presents that a growing number of genetic mutations are confirmed to be in a close relationship with invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. Among them, KRAS mutation is a special one. Therefore, it is particularly important to understand the mechanism of the KRAS mutation in the occurrence and development of pancreatic cancer, and to explore the method of its transformation into clinical tumor molecular targeted treatment sites, to further improve the therapeutic effect on pancreatic cancer. Therefore, to better design chemical drugs, this review based on the biological functions of KRAS, summarized the types of KRAS mutations and their relationship with pancreatic cancer and included the downstream signaling pathway Raf-MEK-ERK, PI3K-AKT, RalGDS-Ral of KRAS and the current medicinal treatment methods for KRAS mutations. Moreover, drug screening and clinical treatment for KRAS mutated cell and animal models of pancreatic cancer are also reviewed along with the prospect of targeted medicinal chemistry therapy for precision treatment of pancreatic cancer in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mutação , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/antagonistas & inibidores
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341503

RESUMO

Aim. To investigate the effect of Furostanol Saponins from Allium Macrostemon Bunge Bulbs (FSAMB) on platelet aggregation rate of rats with coronary heart disease and discuss the mechanism of FSAMB affecting the platelet aggregation rate through PI3K/Akt pathway. We established the rat models with coronary heart disease (CHD) and prepared the platelet-rich plasma. The effect of different concentrations of FSAMB on platelet aggregation in SD rats induced by ADP was observed in vitro and in vivo. And Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Creatine Kinase-MB Form (CK-MB), and Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI) are detected in the blood to know the level of damage to heart cells. The expansion of platelets in the immobilized fibrinogen in different concentrations of FSAMB was observed. Western blot was conducted to detect the phosphorylation level of protein kinase B (also known as Akt) and the expression level of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). We found that FSAMB had a significant inhibitory effect on the ADP-induced platelet aggregation in vitro. Intragastric administration of FSAMB also inhibited platelet aggregation induced by ADP in rats. LDH, CK-MB, and cTnI levels in serum of rats in FSAMB (672 mg/kg) group were lower than those in the model control group after the intervention (P<0.01 or P<0.05). FSAMB inhibited the expansion of platelets on immobilized fibrinogen. Also, FSAMB inhibited ADP-induced platelet PI3K expression and Akt phosphorylation. The inhibition of Akt phosphorylation by FSAMB was more obvious after the inhibition of the expression of PI3K. This study demonstrated that FSAMB can reduce the degree of myocardial cell damage and inhibit ADP-induced platelet aggregation in SD rats, possibly by inhibiting platelet PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo.

12.
J Voice ; 33(4): 583.e9-583.e14, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29631938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to delineate the acoustic characteristics of the Laodan and Qingyi role in Peking Opera and define glottis closure states and mucosal wave changes during singing in the two roles. METHODS: The range of singing in A4 (440 Hz) pitch in seven female Peking Opera singers was determined using two classic pieces of Peking Opera. Glottal changes during singing were examined by stroboscopic laryngoscope. The fundamental frequency of /i/ in the first 15 seconds of the two pieces and the /i/ pitch range were determined. The relative length of the glottis fissure and the relative maximum mucosal amplitude were calculated. RESULTS: Qingyi had significantly higher mean fundamental frequency than Laodan. The long-term average spectrum showed an obvious formant cluster near 3000 Hz in Laodan versus Qingyi. No formant cluster was observed in singing in the regular mode. Strobe laryngoscopy showed complete glottal closure in Laodan and incomplete glottal closure in Qingyi in the maximal glottis closure phase. The relative length of the glottis fissure of Laodan was significantly lower than that of Qingyi in the singing mode. The relative maximum mucosal amplitude of Qingyi was significantly lower than that of Laodan. CONCLUSION: The Laodan role and the Qingyi role in Peking Opera sing in a fundamental frequency range compatible with the respective use of da sang (big voice) and xiao sang (small voice). The morphological patterns of glottal changes also indicate that the Laodan role and the Qingyi role sing with da sang and xiao sang, respectively.


Assuntos
Glote/fisiologia , Ocupações , Fonação , Canto , Qualidade da Voz , Acústica , Adolescente , China , Feminino , Glote/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Laringoscopia , Espectrografia do Som , Estroboscopia
13.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(3): 2606-2617, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tissue contraction and the extracellular matrix deposition are part of the pathogenesis of hypertrophic scars. The transcriptional factor NFE2L2 inhibits fibroblast differentiation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and promotes myofibroblast dedifferentiation. Our previous study showed that the transcription factor NFE2L2 was strongly induced on treatment with arsenic trioxide (ATO). OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to investigate the effect of ATO on myofibroblast formation to determine its potential role in hypertrophic scar treatment. METHODS: Small interfering RNA against NFE2L2 was used on treatment with ATO in human skin myofibroblasts. The expression levels of fibrosis markers were assessed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunofluorescence staining. The transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)/Smad2/3 signaling was detected by western blot. A rabbit ear model was used to evaluate the antifibrotic role of ATO. RESULTS: At the cellular level, ATO abolished fibroblast differentiation in response to TGF-ß1. ATO reduced TGF-ß1-induced reactive oxygen species accumulation through increased expression of the antioxidant gene HO-1 in fibroblasts. In addition, ATO promoted the nuclear translocation of NFE2L2 and inhibited the phosphorylation of Smad2/3. In the rabbit ear model, ATO prevented the progression of hypertrophic scar formation. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first evidence implying that ATO inhibits the formation of myofibroblasts in vivo and in vitro and provides a possible treatment for hypertrophic scars.


Assuntos
Trióxido de Arsênio/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miofibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Miofibroblastos/citologia , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Proteína Smad2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Smad3/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Biosci Rep ; 38(5)2018 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217947

RESUMO

Vascular dysfunction is a common result of diabetes in humans. However, the mechanism underlying diabetic vascular dysfunction is not fully understood. Here in the present study, we showed that the histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) promoted the endothelial dysfunction induced by diabetes. The expression and activity of HDAC2 were up-regulated in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) from diabetic patients and mice. The expression of HDAC2 was also increased by high glucose stress in isolated human ECs. HDAC2 knockdown repressed the proliferation rate and promoted high glucose-induced apoptosis of ECs, which was associated with the activation of apoptotic pathways (Bcl-2, Caspase 3, and Bax). By contrast, HDAC2 overexpression led to opposing results. Significantly, we observed that HDAC2 regulated the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by high glucose in ECs, which accounted for the effects of HDAC2 on proliferation and apoptosis because antioxidants, N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or MnTBAP treatment blocked the effects of HDAC2 on apoptosis of ECs under high glucose condition. Mechanism study revealed that HDAC2 bound to the promoter of MnSOD and repressed the expression of MnSOD by regulating the level of acetylated H3K9 and H3K27, which led to the promotion of oxidative stress and contributed to the function of HDAC2 in ECs under high glucose condition. Altogether, our evidence demonstrated that HDAC2-MnSOD signaling was critical in oxidative stress and proliferation as well as the survival of ECs under high glucose condition.


Assuntos
Angiopatias Diabéticas/genética , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 2/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/genética , Caspase 3/genética , Angiopatias Diabéticas/patologia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glucose/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Metaloporfirinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética
15.
J Microbiol Methods ; 152: 80-85, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30075235

RESUMO

Phytophthora infestans is one of the most notorious pathogen among Phytophthora species causing potato late blight disease. Stable and long-term preservation of this pathogen is essential for biological research and fungicide screening. The aim of this study was to find a suitable long-term preservation method for P. infestans. We adjusted the storage temperature, made a slight modification to the rye seed method, and compared the influence of four preservation methods (the mineral oil method, the sterile water method, the rye seed method, and the modified rye seed method) on survival, growth and virulence of four isolates of P. infestans. The results showed that all four methods maintained high viability of the tested P. infestans isolates, but the two rye seed methods were the best ways to maintain 100% viability of the P. infestans isolates without contamination. The four preservation methods did not significantly influence growth or morphological characteristics of the P. infestans isolates. The impacts of the four methods on the virulence of the four P. infestans isolates were isolate-specific. For isolates YF3 and 64093, all four methods were suitable for maintaining their virulence. Whilst for isolate HQK8-3, the rye seed and sterile water methods were more suitable to maintain its virulence than the other two methods. For isolate 32835, storage under mineral oil was the best method for maintaining its virulence. In view of these results, it is recommended P. infestans should be stored by several different storage methods to ensure the safety and stability of the isolates.


Assuntos
Phytophthora infestans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Preservação Biológica/métodos , Viabilidade Microbiana , Micélio/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Phytophthora infestans/citologia , Phytophthora infestans/isolamento & purificação , Phytophthora infestans/patogenicidade , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Preservação Biológica/economia , Solanum tuberosum , Virulência
16.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 15(1): 72, 2018 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30045740

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Current international guidelines recommend aerobic, resistance, and combined exercises for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In our study, we conducted a network meta-analysis to assess the comparative impact of different exercise training modalities on glycemic control, cardiovascular risk factors, and weight loss in patients with T2DM. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the differences between different exercise training modalities for patients with T2DM. The risk of bias in the included RCTs was evaluated according to the Cochrane tool. Network meta-analysis was performed to calculate mean difference the ratio of the mean and absolute risk differences. Data were analyzed using R-3.4.0. RESULTS: A total of 37 studies with 2208 patients with T2DM were included in our study. Both supervised aerobic and supervised resistance exercises showed a significant reduction in HbA1c compared to no exercise (0.30% lower, 0.30% lower, respectively), however, there was a less reduction when compared to combined exercise (0.17% higher, 0.23% higher). Supervised aerobic also presented more significant improvement than no exercise in fasting plasma glucose (9.38 mg/dl lower), total cholesterol (20.24 mg/dl lower), triacylglycerol (19.34 mg/dl lower), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (11.88 mg/dl lower). Supervised resistance showed more benefit than no exercise in improving systolic blood pressure (3.90 mmHg lower]) and total cholesterol (22.08 mg/dl lower]. In addition, supervised aerobic exercise was more powerful in improving HbA1c and weight loss than unsupervised aerobic (HbA1c: 0.60% lower; weight loss: 5.02 kg lower) and unsupervised resistance (HbA1c: 0.53% lower) exercises. CONCLUSION: Compared with either supervised aerobic or supervised resistance exercise alone, combined exercise showed more pronounced improvement in HbA1c levels; however, there was a less marked improvement in some cardiovascular risk factors. In terms of weight loss, there were no significant differences among the combined, supervised aerobic, and supervised resistance exercises. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Our study protocol was registered with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO); registration number: CRD42017067518 .


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico , Lipídeos/sangue , Perda de Peso , Idoso , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metanálise em Rede , Treinamento de Resistência
17.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 34(2): 154-158, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Investigate the influence of benazepril and amlodipine on the expression of secretin (PZ) and somatostatin (SS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: Forty-five SHRs (14 weeks old, male) were randomly assigned into 3 groups (n=15):SHR group, Benazepril group (which was given benazepril 0.90 mg·kg-1·d-1) and Amlodipine group (SHRs were given amlodipine 0.45 mg· kg-1·d-1), taking WistarKyoto(WKY) as normal control (n=15), meanwhile, rats in SHR group and WKY group were given the same volume of distilled water. After 8 weeks of intervention, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay and RT-PCR. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of intervention, compared with the WKY group, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was increased significantly in SHR group (P<0. 05). Compared with SHR group, the expression of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was decreased significantly in Benazepril group and Amlodipine group (P<0.05). Compared with Benazepril group, in Amlodipine group the expression of PZ mRNA in duodenum and SS mRNA in sinuses ventriculi was decreased more significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The regulation disorder of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi exists in SHR. The antihypertensive effect of benazepril and amlodipine may be realized by regulating the expression of PZ and SS, while the regulation of amlodipine is more obvious than benazepril.


Assuntos
Anlodipino/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Benzazepinas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Secretina/metabolismo , Somatostatina/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
18.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1497, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666200

RESUMO

This study investigates the protein expression of C-MYC, BCL-2, and BCL-6 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and their relationship with genetic abnormalities. A retrospective study of 42 cases on paraffin-embedded tissue specimens diagnosed with DLBCL was performed using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The expression of C-MYC, BCL-2, BCL-6 protein, and gene abnormalities in these tissue samples was analyzed. The relationship in genetic abnormalities and Ki-67, Hans classification, gender, and age was also evaluated. It was found that the positive rate of C-MYC expression was 47.6% (20/42), the rate of C-MYC gene abnormality was 26.2% (11/42), in which gene translocation accounted for 23.8% (10/42) and gene amplification 2.4% (1/42); C-MYC protein expression was positively correlated with C-MYC gene translocation (χ2 = 11.813; P = 0.001); C-MYC gene translocation was mainly found in germinal center B cell type (χ2 = 4.029; P = 0.045). The positive rate of BCL-2 protein expression was 85.71% (36/42), the positive rate of translocation was 42.86% (18/42) and the amplification rate was 26.19% (11/42); the overexpression of BCL-2 protein was correlated with the BCL-2 translocation (χ2 = 3.407; P = 0.029). The positive rate of BCL-6 protein expression was 45.24% (19/42), the positive rate of BCL-6 translocation was 14.29% (6/42) and the positive rate of BCL-6 amplification was 7.14% (3/42); the overexpression of BCL-6 protein was significantly correlated with BCL-6 translocation (χ2 = 6.091; P = 0.014). The Ki-67 index was significantly higher in C-MYC translocation cases than in non-C-MYC translocation cases (χ2 = 4.492; P = 0.034). Taken together, our results suggest that the protein expression of C-MYC, BCL-2, and BCL-6 are positively correlated with their gene translocation. Overexpression of C-MYC, BCL-2, BCL-6 protein suggests the possibility of translocation. Therefore, immunohistochemical detection of C-MYC, BCL-2, and BCL-6 are useful in diagnosis and prognosis of DLBCL.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 17(3): 3912-3920, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29257325

RESUMO

Ischemic heart disease within developed countries has been associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Cell­based cardiac repair is an emerging therapy for the treatment of cardiac diseases; however, a limited source of the optimal type of donor cell, such as an autologous cardiomyocyte, restricts clinical application. The novel therapeutic use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) may serve as a unique and unlimited source of cardiomyocytes; however, iPSC contamination has been associated with teratoma formation following transplantation. The present study investigated whether cardiomyocytes from mouse fibroblasts may be reprogrammed in vitro with four cardiac transcription factors, including GATA binding protein 4, myocyte­specific enhancer factor 2C, T­box transcription factor 5, and heart­ and neural crest derivatives­expressed protein 2 (GMTH). Cardiac­specific markers, including α­myosin heavy chain (α­MHC), ß­MHC, atrial natriuretic factor, NK2 homeobox 5 and cardiac troponin T were observed within mouse fibroblasts reprogrammed with GMTH, which was reported to be more effective than GMT. In addition, Percoll density centrifugation enriched a population of ~72.4±5.5% α­MHC+ induced cardiomyocytes, which retained the expression profile of cardiomyocyte markers and were similar to natural neonatal cardiomyocytes in well­defined sarcomeric structures. The findings of the present study provided a potential solution to myocardial repair via a cell therapy applying tissue engineering with minimized risks of immune rejection and tumor formation.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Reprogramação Celular , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/genética , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética , Animais , Fator Natriurético Atrial/genética , Fator Natriurético Atrial/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/química , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Proteína Homeobox Nkx-2.5/genética , Proteína Homeobox Nkx-2.5/metabolismo , Lentivirus/genética , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas com Domínio T/metabolismo , Cauda/citologia , Cauda/metabolismo , Transdução Genética/métodos , Troponina T/genética , Troponina T/metabolismo , Miosinas Ventriculares/genética , Miosinas Ventriculares/metabolismo
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(6): 1167-1174, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027434

RESUMO

Notoginsenoside R1(NGR1),a critical compound in traditional herb Panax notoginseng, is a kind of estrogen receptor agonist.It is reported to exhibit anti-apoptotic,anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties activity, so it is widely used for treatment of various diseases.In order to investigate the potential neuroprotective effect of NGR1 in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage(HIBD), primary cortical neurons were used in this study to establish oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) injury models. They were treated with NGR1 and estrogen receptor inhibitor ICI-182780 respectively, then the neuronal survival, cell membrane integrity and apoptosis were assessed by MTT assay,lactate dehydrogenase test(LDH) and Hoechst 33342 stain respectively, while the protein expression levels of ATF6α,p-Akt,Akt,Bax and Cleaved Caspase-3 were measured by Western blotting. Results indicated that as compared with the blank control group,OGD/R could induce cell injury and apoptosis(P<0.05), reduce relative integrity of cell membrane(P<0.05), decrease protein expression of ATF6α,p-Akt(P<0.05), and increase protein expression of Bax and Cleaved Caspase-3(P<0.05) in the primary cortical cells. After NGR1 treatment, the expression levels of ATF6α,p-Akt were obviously increased, and the expression levels of Bax and Cleaved Caspase-3 and the apoptosis of neuron were decreased(P<0.05). However, these neuroprotective properties of NGR1 against ODG/R-induced cell damage could be blocked by ICI-182780. This finding indicated that NGR1 may protect the primary cortical neurons against OGD/R induced injury,and the mechanism may be associated with accelerating the activation of the ATF6/Akt signaling pathway via estrogen receptors.


Assuntos
Fator 6 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Apoptose , Hipóxia Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Glucose , Neurônios/citologia , Oxigênio , Ratos
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