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Clin Chim Acta ; 501: 66-71, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756311


OBJECTIVE: To screen long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) related to glucokinase regulatory protein gene (GCKR), its differential expression was analyzed in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and control samples. The correlation of lncRNA with GCKR was verified and its potential value as a molecular marker of T2DM was assessed. METHODS: Lymphocyte RNA was extracted from five patients with T2DM and five patients with non-T2DM. The expression profiles of circulating lncRNAs and mRNAs were obtained by microarray. Bioinformatics analysis was used to screen lncRNAs associated with the GCKR gene in 127 patients with T2DM and 130 patients with non-T2DM were selected. The expression levels of the GCKR gene and lncRNA (ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187) in the T2DM group and control group were verified by real-time PCR. Additionally, a correlation analysis was conducted. The value of circulating ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 as biomarkers for the diagnosis of T2DM was performed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: We identified 68 lncRNAs and 74 mRNAs differentially expressed from the expression profile. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of the GCKR gene and lncRNA ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 in the T2DM group were significantly lower (P < 0.05). The correlation analysis revealed that ENST00000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 were correlated with GCKR gene expression and glycolipid metabolism (P < 0.05). ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve value of ENST00000588707.1 between T2DM patients and non-T2DM patients was 0.816 (95% CI: 0.764-0.869, sensitivity 72.0%, specificity 80.3%) and the AUC value of TCONS_00004187 was 0.826 (95% CI: 0.774-0.879, sensitivity 81.6%, specificity 61.3%). CONCLUSION: lncRNA ENST0000588707.1 and TCONS_00004187 could serve as potential biomarkers for T2DM, which could involve in glycolipid metabolism by regulating the GCKR gene.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 19(12): 698-702, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26540651


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between KCNQ1 gene polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in an admixed ethnic minority, Uyghur population, living in the Northwest region of China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped three tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs2283171, rs11023485, and rs2283208 of the KCNQ1 gene in 1006 T2D participants and 1004 controls and conducted association analysis. RESULTS: The frequencies of the AG and GG genotypes and the G allele of rs2283171 were higher in the control group (51.4%, 22%, and 47.7%, respectively) than in the case group (49%, 17.6%, and 42.1%, respectively). The minor G allele decreased the risk of T2D with a per-allele odds ratio of 0.79 (95% CI: 0.70-0.90) for the additive genetic model in univariate analysis (p = 0.0001). After adjustment for the covariates of age, gender, smoking, alcohol use, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), body mass index (BMI), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC), the diabetic protective effect of the rs2283171-G allele remained. No difference was observed in the frequency distributions of the rs11023485 and rs2283208 genotypes between the two groups. CONCLUSION: We identified a novel association between rs2283171 of KCNQ1 and T2D in the Uyghur population. Further association and functional studies are required to identify the causal functional variant that is in linkage disequilibrium with this polymorphism.

Alelos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Frequência do Gene , Canal de Potássio KCNQ1/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco