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2.
Oncotarget ; 8(7): 11614-11620, 2017 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28086224

RESUMO

Some studies found that there was a significant association between asthma and the risk of lung cancer. However, the results are inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis. We searched the electronic databases for all relevant articles. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to calculate the strength of the association between asthma and lung cancer risk. Asthma was significantly associated with the increased risk of lung cancer (OR = 1.44; 95% CI 1.31-1.59; P < 0.00001; I2 = 83%). Additionally, asthma patients without smoking also had the increased lung cancer risk. In the subgroup analysis of race and gender, Caucasians, Asians, male, and female patients with asthma showed the increased risk of lung cancer. However, asthma was not significantly associated with lung adenocarcinoma risk. In the stratified analysis by asthma definition, significant associations were found between asthma and lung cancer in self-reported subgroup, questionnaire subgroup, and register databases subgroup. However, no significant association was observed in physician-diagnosed asthma subgroup. In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested that asthma might be significantly associated with lung cancer risk.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(4): 260-2, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18950015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the reconstruction of partial defects at the end of the thumbs and other fingers with microsurgical free toe flaps. METHODS: 21 partial defects (19 cases) at the end of thumbs and other fingers were reconstructed with microsurgical free toe flaps taking from the corresponding toe part. RESULTS: All the free flaps survived. The patients were followed up for 3 - 6 months. The aesthetic and functional results were both satisfactory. The two-point-discrimination distance was 4 - 6 mm. CONCLUSIONS: The microsurgical free toe flaps have good therapeutic effect for the reconstruction of partial defects at the end of the fingers.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transplante de Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Polegar/lesões , Polegar/cirurgia , Dedos do Pé/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 85(38): 2667-73, 2005 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16324290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In partial loss of distal finger segment, a corresponding part of the toe tissue compound is harvested and transplanted for repair or reconstruction. This new procedure gives forth a new concept and is called decorative repair or reconstruction. METHODS: In a series of 77 patients with 88 thumb and/or finger subtotal defects in forms of lateral half, dorsal half or volar half composite tissue defects were reconstructed with lateral nail-skin flap, dorsal skin-nail flap or pulp flap taken from corresponding part of the toes. The blood circulations were re-established by anastomosing digital arteries of the toe transplants and fingers. RESULTS: In this series 75 patients with 78 fingers reconstructed are successful. The overall survival rate is 97.5%. Follow-up examinations made half to 12 years postoperatively showed the fingers are having a normal length, outward appearance and function. There are nails preserved. The pulps are full. Sweating function are present. Two-point-discrimination tests are between 4-6 mm. CONCLUSION: By decorative reconstruction of subtotal dorsal, lateral, or volar halves defect of thumb and/or fingers by transplanting corresponding part of soft tissue taken from the toe has the merit of repair of any parts of tissue loss precisely what is needed. This procedure is better than any traditional toe-to-hand transfer and realizing the exact meaning of decorative reconstruction.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Polegar/lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Polegar/cirurgia , Dedos do Pé/irrigação sanguínea , Dedos do Pé/transplante , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 42(19): 1153-6, 2004 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15598388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the separating brachial plexus block combined with preoperative analgesia by patient controlled analgesia (PCA) can be applied in tendon repair and postoperative active or passive functional exercise. METHODS: Two hundred and ten cases with tendon injury were randomly divided into 3 groups and all of the patients were administered Bupivacaine (0.25%), Papaverine (0.0625 mg/ml), and Dexamethasone (0.25 mg/ml) in separating brachial plexus block through axillary approach. Group A was control group, and preoperative analgesia was not applied. Preoperative analgesia was applied in group B and C. Tramadol and Ondansetron were administered in group B, Midazolam was administered besides Tramadol and Ondansetron in group C. The injection volume in the PCIA pump was increased to 100 ml by mixing physiologic saline. The pump was started after separating brachial plexus block in velocity of 2 ml/h, and its maintenance time was 48 h. The effect of separating brachial plexus block at 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 h after finishing brachial plexus block was compared. The VAS, Ramesay assessment scoring were recorded at 0, 12, 24 and 48 h after starting pump. RESULTS: In each group, the effect of motor block became greater in the ascending order from 1, 2 to 3 h after finishing brachial plexus block, and less in the descending order from 3, 6 to 12 h after finishing brachial plexus block. Only at 6 and 12 h after finishing brachial plexus block, the effect of motor block of group B and group C was significantly less than that of group A (P < 0.05, < 0.01), the effect of motor block of group C was less than that of group B (P > 0.05). The effect of sensory block in the patients of all 3 groups was satisfactory. The VAS, Ramesay assessment scoring, effect of analgesia and sedation at 24 and 48 h after starting pump became greater in the ascending order from group A to group C, in which group B and group C were significantly greater than group A (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The separating brachial plexus block combined with preoperative analgesia by 2 kinds of PCIA dispensation can be both applied in tendon repair, but the separating effect of brachial plexus block of group B was superior to the group C.


Assuntos
Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Plexo Braquial , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Tendões/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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