Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Integr Med Res ; 11(1): 100772, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522606

RESUMO

Background: Compound glycyrrhizin injection (CGI) is a preparation with glycyrrhizin as the main active ingredient extracted from licorice. As clinical trials suggest that CGI is effective in improving liver function for acute icteric hepatitis in children (AIHC), this systematic review aimed to evaluate and verify its therapeutic effects and safety. Methods: Six electronic databases were searched from their inception to 15 May 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing therapeutic effects and safety of CGI for AIHC were included. The risk of bias for each trial was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool 2.0. Primary outcomes were indexes related to liver function, including total bilirubin (TBiL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST). RevMan 5.4 software was used for data analyses. The certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool. Results: Six RCTs involving 608 children were included. The overall bias was assessed as having "high risk of bias" in all trials. All trials compared the combination of CGI and conventional western medicine (CWM) with CWM alone. Regarding the effects of CGI for AIHC, results showed that CGI plus CWM was superior to CWM alone in reducing the levels of TBiL (mean difference (MD) = -8.19 mmol/L, 95% CI -9.86 to -6.53), ALT (MD = -24.09 U/L, 95% CI -30.83 to -17.34) and AST (MD = -18.67 U/L, 95% CI -21.88 to -15.45). No trial reported adverse events. The certainty of the evidence for outcomes were all evaluated as low or very low. Conclusion: CGI may have adjuvant therapeutic effects on improving the liver function of children with AIHC. There is no evidence to determine the safety of CGI for AIHC. As current evidence is weak, further well-designed RCTs are required for verification of the therapeutic effects of CGI.

2.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(10): 758-771, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688466

RESUMO

Berberis amurensis (Berberidaceae) is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is often used to treat hypertension, inflammation, dysentery and enteritis. It contains alkaloids, mainly including berberine, berbamine, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine and palmatine. Berberis amurensis extracts (BAEs) is often orally taken. Oral herbs might be metabolized by intestinal bacteria in the small intestine. However, the interaction between the herb and the gut microbiota is still unknown. In the current study, UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS combined with Metabolitepilot and Peakview software was used to identify the metabolites of BAEs in anti-biotic cocktail induced pseudo germ-free rats and normal rats. As a result, a total of 46 metabolites in normal rats were detected and its main metabolic pathways include demethylation, dehydrogenation, methylation, hydroxylation, sulfation and glucuronidation. Only 29 metabolites existed in pseudo germ-free rats. Dehydrogenated metabolites (M29, M30, M34 and M36), methylated metabolites (M33, M41 and M46) and other metabolites were not detected in pseudo germ-free rats. The result implied that the intestinal bacteria have an influence on the metabolism of BAEs. Furthermore, this investigation might contribute to the understanding of the metabolism of BAEs, and further promote its clinical application.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484384

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese patent medicine for mild-to-moderate active ulcerative colitis (UC) using network meta-analysis (NMA). Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, Sino-Med, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, and Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP) databases to October, 2020. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Chinese patent medicine for mild-to-moderate active UC. The main analysis was complemented by network subanalyses and standard pairwise comparisons. Statistical heterogeneity, inconsistencies, and ranking probability were also evaluated. Results: The databases search identified 3222 citations, of which 33 RCTs involving 2971 patients met the inclusion criteria. A total of 15 Chinese patent medicines were analyzed. The overall quality of the included studies was low. Pairwise meta-analysis showed that Chinese patent medicine was superior to Mesalazine in improving disappearances of clinical symptoms, recurrence rate, and Mayo score. Based on decreases in adverse events, results from NMA showed that Xilei powder plus Mesalazine was more effective than other drugs. Other NMA results indicated that Danshen freeze-dried powder plus Mesalazine (RR: 0.13; 95% CI, 0.02-0.78) and Kangfuxin lotion plus Mesalazine (RR: 0.24; 95% CI, 0.07-0.57) were superior to Mesalazine in decreasing recurrence rate. Another NMA result indicated that Kangfuxin lotion plus Mesalazine (RR: 0.00; 95% CI, 0.00-0.02) and Zhi Kang capsule plus Mesalazine (RR: 0.00; 95% CI, 0.00-0.02) were superior to Mesalazine in increasing the disappearance of tenesmus. Conclusion: In the probability sorting, Xilei powder combined with Mesalazine ranked first for having the fewest adverse events, Maintaining Intestines Antidiarrheal Pills combined with Mesalazine ranked first for having the lowest recurrence rate, Xilei powder combined with Mesalazine ranked first for improving disappearance rate of mucopurulent bloody stool/abdominal pain, and Kangfuxin lotion combined with Mesalazine ranked first for improving the disappearance rate of diarrhea/tenesmus. However, there is a lack of direct comparisons among Chinese patent medicines for UC. More multiarm RCTs are needed in the future to provide direct comparative evidence.

4.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 228, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been a proposed treatment option for ulcerative colitis (UC), however it has been difficult to understand the breadth and depth of evidence as various Chinese medicine therapies may produce effects differently. The aim of this evidence mapping is to visually understand the available evidence in the use of TCM in the treatment of UC, and to identify gaps in evidence to inform priorities of future research. METHODS: A systematic electronic literature search of six databases were performed to identify systematic reviews (SRs) on different Chinese medicine therapies in the treatment in UC. Methodological quality of the included SRs was assessed using AMSTAR 2. RESULTS: The mapping was based on 73 SRs, which included nine interventions that met eligibility criteria. The quality of the included SRs was very low. The diseases stages of patients with UC varied greatly, from active to remission, to non-acute outbreak, to not reported. The results mostly favored the method of intervention. Oral administration combined with enema was the most widely used route of administration in secondary research. CONCLUSION: Based on the current evidence, the treatment of UC with TCM can only be recommended cautiously. A majority of included SRs did not report the location of the disease, the disease classification, and the route of administration of the intervention. Further research is needed on the effectiveness of Chinese medicine alone in the treatment of UC. The effectiveness of combined Chinese and conventional medicine combined with different routes of administration cannot be confirmed. Attention should be paid to the methodological quality of the systematic review. Unifies the outcome indicators used in the evaluation of effectiveness.

5.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 25(4): 900-910, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157605

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate lipase C hepatic type (LIPC) expression in Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer and its correlation with clinical outcome. The biological roles of LIPC in Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer progression were also investigated. METHODS: We determined LIPC expression in 324 primary gastric cancer tissues and 178 matched adjacent non-tumor tissues by immunohistochemistry. We explored the role of LIPC in Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer cell (OCUM-1) migration, invasion, proliferation, cell cycle, and expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related genes by knocking down LIPC expression. RESULTS: LIPC expression was upregulated in Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer tissues compared with other types of gastric cancer and adjacent non-tumor tissues. High LIPC expression correlated with lymph node metastasis, advanced TNM stage, and poor overall survival in Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that high LIPC expression was an independent prognostic factor in patients with Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer. By reducing LIPC expression, OCUM-1 cell invasion and migration were suppressed and Snail and MMP2 expression was downregulated, while E-cadherin expression was upregulated. CONCLUSIONS: High LIPC expression correlates with poor clinical outcome and plays an important role in regulating cell migration and invasion in Borrmann type 4 gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Metástase Linfática , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(24): 14217-14230, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128353

RESUMO

Six-Transmembrane Epithelial Antigene of the Prostate 1 (STEAP1) is associated with the occurrence and development of cancer. This study aimed to clarify the role of STEAP1 in gastric cancer tumour growth and metastasis, as well as its molecular mechanism of action.Statistical methods were used for clinical data analysis. Protein expression was detected using immunohistochemistry(IHC). The mRNA and protein expression in the cell cultures were detected using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) and western blot analysis. Overexpression and silencing models were constructed using plasmid and lentivirus transfection. To detect cell proliferation in vitro, Cell Counting Kit-8(CCK-8), flow cytometry and colony formation assays were used; transwell and wound healing assays were used to detect cell migration and invasion;For in vivo experiments, nude BALB/c mice were used for detecting subcutaneous tumorigenesis and intraperitoneal implantation. In the results,we found STEAP1 was overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines. Single-factor and Cox analyses showed that STEAP1 gene expression level correlated with poor prognosis. Up-regulation of STEAP1 increased cell proliferation, migration and invasion, which decreased after STEAP1 was knocked down. These changes were achieved via the activation of the AKT/FoxO1 pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT). The in vivo animal experiments showed that STEAP1 knock down, resulted in a decrease in the subcutaneous tumour and peritoneal tumour formation.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Oxirredutases/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Carga Tumoral
7.
J Cancer ; 11(5): 1056-1062, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956352

RESUMO

Background: We integrated changes in the trends in clinicopathologic characteristics and postoperative prognosis in patients with gastric cancer Northern China over a 30-year period. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing gastric cancer resection and complete follow-up information from January 1981 to December 2010 in the first affiliated Hospital of China Medical University was carried out. We divided the patients into three consecutive periods. Results: A total of 3,520 patients were included in this study. The proportion of lower tumors increased (from 58.8 to 66.9%), while that of upper tumors decreased (from 21.3 to 13.4%). The proportion of tumors > 5cm decreased (from 58.6 to 41.1 %), but the increasing trend of poorly differentiated gastric cancer was obvious (from 60.1 to 75.7%). The percentage of early gastric cancer increased from 10.0 to 15.5 during the study periods, and that of TNM stage Ⅳ cancer decreased from 38.6 to 28.1. In surgery treatment, the rate of radical resection increased to 92.1% in recent period, and the average number of retrieved lymph nodes increased. The 5-year survival rate gradually increased from 36.5% to 48.5% (p<0.001). The Multivariate analysis showed that age, tumor size, T stage, N stage, number of retrieved lymph nodes and resection type were independent prognostic factors for gastric cancer. Conclusion: The patterns of clinicopathologic features for gastric cancer changed during the 30-year period in North China. Overall survival (OS) could be increased by early detection of tumors and standard surgical treatment.

8.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 24(2): 299-306, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prognosis value of lymphatic vessel invasion (LVI) in pN0 gastric cancer patients with insufficient examined lymph nodes (ELNs). METHODS: Clinicopathologic and prognostic data of pN0 gastric cancer patients with insufficient ELNs who underwent radical surgery in our institution were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Firstly, we confirmed that less than 16 but not less than 30 ELNs were insufficient ELNs in the present study. Of the 350 pN0 patients with < 16 ELNs, 64 patients (18.29%) had LVI. The overall survival (OS) of patients with LVI was significantly poorer than those without LVI. Multivariate analysis suggested that LVI was one of the independent factors predicting prognosis of pN0 patients with < 16 ELNs. Further analyses suggested that there were similar prognoses between pN0 patients with < 16 ELNs who had LVI and pN1 patients, and between pN0 patients with < 16 ELNs who had no LVI and pN0 patients with ≥ 16 ELNs, respectively. Therefore, we proposed a novel pN classification, in which LVI-positive pN0 gastric cancer with < 16 ELNs was classified as pN1 disease. Two-step multivariate analysis demonstrated that the novel pN classification was more suitable for prognostic assessment than the original one. CONCLUSIONS: LVI is a powerful and independent prognostic factor for pN0 gastric cancer patients with < 16 ELNs, and node-negative gastric cancer with < 16 ELNs which had LVI should be considered as node-positive disease. LVI is an effective indicator identifying patients stage migration happens to in pN0 patients with < 16 ELNs.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Vasos Linfáticos/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
9.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 23(9): 1742-1747, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30238247

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the survival of stage N3b patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) after radical surgery and to evaluate the TNM staging of subgroups of stage N3b patients. METHODS: We reviewed the data of 222 stage N3b patients with AGC who underwent D2/D3 radical surgery. Depending on the number of metastatic lymph nodes (MLNs), we divided N3b patients into several groups and compared the survival differences among them. We found that survival of patients with 16-20 MLNs was better than that of patients with ≥ 21 MLNs. Therefore, we divided the N3b patients into two subgroups and defined patients with 16-21 MLNs as N3b1 and patients with ≥ 21 MLNs as N3b2. Then, we compared survival differences between the two groups and their subgroups. Patients who underwent palliative surgery served as the reference group. In addition, we selected stage IIIB, IIIC, and IV patients from the same database to properly re-classify the N3b subgroups in the TNM staging system. RESULTS: Survival differed significantly between the new N3b1and N3b2 groups and between the new N3b1 group and the palliative group. However, the survival of the new N3b2 group was similar to that of the palliative group. Comparisons of survival according to T staging revealed similarities between the following groups: (1) stages T2-3N3b1 and IIIB, (2) stages T4N3b1 and IIIC, and (3) stages T2-4N3b2 and IV. CONCLUSIONS: All stage N3b patients with AGC should not be considered equivalent. A significant difference in survival was observed between stage N3b1 and N3b2 patients after radical surgery, while the survival of stage N3b2 patients was similar to that of patients who undergo palliative surgery. We recommend re-classifying stage T2-3N3b1 as TNM stage IIIB, stage T4N3b1 as stage IIIC, and T2-4N3b2 as stage IV.


Assuntos
Previsões , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/secundário , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
10.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 41(4): 358-60, 2006 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16856483

RESUMO

AIM: To isolate triterpene saponins of polygalacic acid type from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC and to identify their structures. METHODS: The compounds were separated by means of extraction, chromatography on silica gel, MPLC and HPLC, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral analyses (FAB-MS, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR etc.). RESULTS: Three triterpene saponins were isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum. They were identified as 3-O-beta-D-laminaribiosyl polygalacic acid (I), 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl polygalacic acid (II), polygalacin D (III), separately. CONCLUSION: Compound I is a new compound, compounds II, III are known triterpene saponins. The compound I and II were isolated from the plant for the first time, which is also the monodesmoside from the plant for the first time.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais/química , Platycodon/química , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas/química , Saponinas/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...