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1.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(2): 391-397, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517732

RESUMO

AIMS: Hip reconstruction after resection of a periacetabular chondrosarcoma is complex and associated with a high rate of complications. Previous reports have compared no reconstruction with historical techniques that are no longer used. The aim of this study was to compare the results of tantalum acetabular reconstruction to both historical techniques and no reconstruction. METHODS: We reviewed 66 patients (45 males and 21 females) with a mean age of 53 years (24 to 81) who had undergone acetabular resection for chondrosarcoma. A total of 36 patients (54%) underwent acetabular reconstruction, most commonly with a saddle prosthesis (n = 13; 36%) or a tantalum total hip arthroplasty (THA) (n = 10; 28%). Mean follow-up was nine years (SD 4). RESULTS: There was no difference in the mean age (p = 0.63), sex (p = 0.110), tumour volume (p = 0.646), or type of resection carried out (p > 0.05) between patients with and without reconstruction. Of the original 66 patients, 61 (92%) were ambulant at final follow-up. There was no difference in the proportion of patients who could walk in the reconstruction and 'no reconstruction' groups (p = 0.649). There was no difference in the mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score between patients who were reconstructed and those who were not (61% vs 56%; p = 0.378). Patients with a tantalum THA had a significantly (p = 0.015) higher mean MSTS score (78%) than those who were reconstructed with a saddle prosthesis (47%) or who had not been reconstructed (56%). Patients who had undergone reconstruction were more likely to have complications (81% vs 53%; p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Reconstruction after resection of the acetabulum is technically demanding. In selected cases, reconstruction is of benefit, especially when reconstruction is by tantalum THA; however, the follow-up for these patients remains mid-term. When not feasible, patients with no reconstruction have an acceptable functional outcome. Level of Evidence: Level III Therapeutic. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(2):391-397.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Condrossarcoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/instrumentação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tantálio , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chordomas of the mobile spine (C1-L5) are rare malignant tumors. The purpose of this study was to review the outcome of surgical treatment for patients with primary mobile spine chordomas. METHODS: The oncologic outcomes and survival of 26 patients undergoing surgical resection for a primary mobile spine chordoma were assessed over a 25-year period. The mean follow-up was 12 ± 6 years. RESULTS: The 2-, 5-, and 10-year disease-free survivals were 95%, 61%, and 55%. The local recurrence-free survival was improved in patients receiving en bloc resection with negative margins (83% vs. 35%, p = 0.02) and similar in patients receiving adjuvant radiation therapy (43% vs. 45%, p = 0.30) at 10 years. Debulking of the tumor (hazard ratio [HR] = 6.41, p = 0.01) and a local recurrence (HR = 9.52, p = 0.005) were associated with death due to disease. Complications occurred in 19 (73%) patients, leading to reoperation in 9 (35%) patients; this rate was similar in intralesional and en bloc procedures. CONCLUSION: Surgical resection of mobile spine chordomas is associated with a high rate of complications; however, en bloc resection can provide a hope for cure and appears to confer better oncologic outcomes for these tumors without an increase in complications compared to lesser resections.

3.
Int Orthop ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33447873

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is associated with a relatively high complication rate, and exceptionally catastrophic complications might lead to amputation. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and aetiology of amputation performed at our institution in upper extremity limbs with a prior TEA. METHODS: Between 1973 and 2018, 1906 consecutive TEAs were performed at our institution. Upper extremity amputation was performed in seven (0.36%) elbows with five transhumeral amputations and two shoulder disarticulations. The group consisted of five females and two males with a mean age of 64 years (range, 37-80). The index TEA had been performed for rheumatoid arthritis (n = 2), rheumatoid arthritis with acute fracture (n = 2), radiation associated nonunion (n = 2), and metastatic cancer (n = 1). Mean follow-up after amputation was three years (range, 3 months-5 years). RESULTS: Mean time between amputation and TEA was 5 years (range, 2 months-13 years). The indications for amputation included uncontrolled deep infection in six (86%) elbows and tumor recurrence in one (14%) elbow. Only one elbow (14%) was fitted with a prosthesis. Six (86%) patients died at a mean of three years (range, 3 months-5 years) after amputation. CONCLUSION: The results of this study highlight a low incidence of amputation after TEA. Most amputations were the direct result of TEA complications, with infection being the most common cause of amputation. Outcomes after amputation are concerning, with poor overall survival and few patients being fit for a prosthesis.

4.
BJU Int ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the natural history, reconstructive solutions, and functional outcomes of those men undergoing pubectomy and urinary reconstruction after prostate cancer treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively identified 25 patients with a diagnosis of urosymphyseal fistula (UF) following prostate cancer therapy who were treated with urinary reconstruction with pubectomy. This study describes the natural history, reconstructive solutions, and functional outcomes of this cohort. RESULTS: All 25 patients had a history of pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) time from prostate cancer treatment to diagnosis of UF was 11 (6, 16.5) years. The vast majority of men (24/25; 96%) presented with debilitating groin pain during ambulation. Posterior urethral stenosis was common (20/25; 80%), with 60% having repetitive endoscopic treatments. Culture of pubic bone specimens demonstrated active infection in 80%. Discordance between preoperative urine and intraoperative bone cultures was common, 21/22 (95.5%). After surgery, major 90-day complications (Clavien-Dindo Grade III and IV) occurred in eight (32%) patients. Pain was significantly improved, with resolution of pain (24/25; 96%) and restoration of function, the median (IQR) preoperative Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) was 3 (2, 3) vs median postoperative ECOG PS score of 0 (0, 1). CONCLUSION: Endoscopic urethral manipulation after radiation for prostate cancer is a risk factor for UF. Conservative management will not provide symptom resolution. Fistula decompression, bone resection, and urinary reconstruction effectively treats chronic infection, improves pain and ECOG PS scores.

6.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(4): 1121-1125, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368348

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Advances in the care of cancer patients have resulted in increased survival. The proximal femur is a common site for metastatic disease, often requiring surgical intervention. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has proven to be safe in elective and traumatic femoral hemiarthroplasty; however, its use has not been investigated in oncologic patients. METHOD: We reviewed 66 patients (37 males) with a mean age of 64 ± 3 years undergoing a hemiarthroplasty for metastatic disease in the femoral neck. A total of 22 (33%) patients received intraoperative TXA. Primary outcomes included postoperative blood loss, intraoperative and postoperative transfusion requirement, and postoperative complications. RESULTS: There was no difference in the baseline characteristics between the TXA and non-TXA groups. When comparing the TXA and non-TXA groups, there were no differences in 72 h postoperative blood loss between groups (1.21 L vs. 1.33 L, p = 0.61), percentage of patients requiring transfusion (36.4% vs. 36.4%, p = 1.0), or the incidence of postoperative complications including venous thromboembolism (14% vs. 11%, p = 0.70) and pulmonary embolism (0% vs. 5%, p = 1.0). CONCLUSION: Oncology patients are a high-risk population for thromboembolic events. This initial study supports the safe use of TXA intraoperatively in femoral hemiarthroplasty performed for metastatic disease.

7.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(4): 1126-1133, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373471

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: All-polyethylene (AP) tibial components have demonstrated equivalent or improved long-term survivorship and reduced cost compared with metal-backed (MB) components in primary total knee arthroplasty; however, there is a lack of data comparing these outcomes in the setting of an oncologic endoprosthetic reconstruction. METHODS: A total of 115 (88 AP:27 MB) patients undergoing cemented distal femur endoprosthetic reconstruction following oncologic resection were reviewed. Mean age was 40 years and 51% were females. Cumulative incidences of all-cause revision, tibial component revision, reoperation, and infection were calculated utilizing a competing risk analysis with death as the competitor. Mean follow-up was 14 years. RESULTS: The 10-year cumulative incidence of all-cause revision was 19.9% in the AP group and 16.3% in the MB group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.93, p = 0.88). The cumulative incidence of tibial component revision was significantly lower in AP compared with MB at 10 years (1.1% vs. 12.5%, HR = 0.18, p = 0.03). There was no difference in infection-free survival when comparing the two groups (p = 0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Reconstruction utilizing an MB or AP tibia component resulted in equivalent overall outcome; however, the tibial component in the AP group was less likely to be revised. AP tibial component should be considered for all primary oncologic reconstructions in the distal femur. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III Therapeutic.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 40(12): 6941-6945, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Reconstruction for soft-tissue sarcomas is complex and often uses soft-tissue flaps. To preserve critical structures, intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) can be used to boost the total dose to these critical structures and close margins; however, there are limited data on the outcome of soft-tissue reconstruction in patients treated with IORT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients received IORT with soft-tissue flap coverage. There were 14 tumors of the lower extremities and six of the upper, including seven free-flaps and 13 pedicle flaps. Mean preoperative and IORT doses were 49.4 Gy and 10.4 Gy, respectively, with a mean total dose of 59.8 Gy. RESULTS: Seven (35%) patients had a complication, most commonly an infection (n=4, 27%). Total flap loss occurred in one treated with pedicle flap. Four (20%) patients suffered a radiation-associated fracture. At the final follow-up, the mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score was 75±11%. CONCLUSION: Complications and postoperative fractures were common with IORT, however, there were no cases requiring amputation.

9.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259663

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The proximal humerus is a common location for primary and non-primary tumors. Reconstruction of the proximal humerus is commonly performed with an endoprosthesis with low rates of structural failure. The incidence and risk factors for stress shielding are under reported. METHODS: Thirty-nine (19 male, 20 female) patients underwent resection of the proximal humerus and reconstruction with a cemented modular endoprosthesis between 2000 and 2018. The mean resection length was 12 ± 4 cm and was most commonly performed for metastatic disease (n = 26, 67%). RESULTS: Stress shielding was observed in 9 (23%) patients at a mean of 29 (6-132) months postoperatively. Patients with stress shielding were noted to have shorter intramedullary stem length (87 vs. 107 mm, p < .001), longer extramedullary implant length (16 vs. 14 cm, p = .01) and a higher extramedullary implant to stem length ratio (2.1 vs. 1.1, p < .001). The incidence of stress shielding was higher (p = .003) in patients reconstructed with 75 mm stem (n = 6, 67%) lengths. CONCLUSION: Stress shielding of the humerus was associated with the use of shorter stems and long extramedullary implants. The long-term ramifications of stress shielding on implant stability, complications at the time of revision surgery, and overall patient outcomes remain unknown.

10.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095924

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The proximal humerus is a common site of primary and metastatic disease in the upper extremity. Historically, the goal of a hemiarthroplasty reconstruction was to provide a stable platform for hand and elbow function, with limited shoulder function. Techniques utilizing a reverse endoprosthesis (endoprosthetic replacement [EPR]) and allograft-prosthetic composite (APC) have been developed; however, there is a paucity of comparative studies. METHODS: A total of 83 (42 females, 41 males) patients undergoing an intraarticular resection of the humerus were reviewed. Reconstructions included 30 reverse and 53 hemiarthroplasty; including hemiarthroplasty EPR (n = 36) and APC (n = 17), and reverse EPR (n = 20) and APC (n = 10). RESULTS: Reverse reconstructions had improved forward elevation (85° vs. 44°, p < .001) and external rotation (30° vs. 21°; p < .001) versus a hemiarthroplasty. Reverse reconstructions had improved American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores (65 vs. 57; p = .01) and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society 93 scores (72 vs. 63; p < .001) versus hemiarthroplasty. Subluxation of the reconstruction was a common (n = 23, 27%), only occurring in hemiarthroplasty patients (EPR [n = 13, 36%] and APC [n = 10, 59%]). CONCLUSION: The current series highlights the improved functional outcome in patients undergoing reconstruction with a reverse arthroplasty compared to the traditional hemiarthroplasty. Currently reverse shoulder arthroplasty (APC or EPR) is our preferred methods of reconstruction in this patient population.

11.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Describe patient-reported functional outcomes for hand and foot sarcoma survivors treated with limb-sparing surgery and radiation therapy (LSS + RT). METHODS: Fifty-four patients with hand/wrist and foot/ankle sarcomas treated with LSS + RT from 1991 to 2015 were identified. Survivors ≥18 years old without subsequent amputation completed self-assessed functional surveys: Toronto upper extremity salvage score (TESS-UE) and Michigan hand outcomes (MHQ) surveys for hand; TESS lower extremity (TESS-LE) and Foot and Ankle Outcomes (FAOS) surveys for foot. Scoring scales: 0-100, MHQ and TESS; -26 to 56 and 25-59, FAOS core and shoe comfort, respectively. Higher scores denote superior function. RESULTS: Five-year local tumor control was 88%. Fourteen of 24 hand (58%) and 14/18 foot (78%) survivors completed surveys. Mean TESS-UE and MHQ scores were 89.4 and 72.8, respectively. Mean TESS-LE, core FAOS, and shoe comfort scores were 92.4, 46.19, and 53.1, respectively. No factors correlated with outcomes. TESS-UE and MHQ scores strongly correlated (r = .87). TESS-LE and FAOS scores were associated with a poor correlation (r = .02 and r = .69). CONCLUSIONS: The largest patient-reported functional outcomes analysis for hand and foot sarcoma survivors treated with LSS + RT demonstrates excellent local tumor control and acceptable functional outcomes. Further exploration of optimal functional assessment tools is needed given the potential scope differences.

12.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonuterine leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are common extremity soft-tissue sarcomas. Deep LMS are at an increased risk for recurrence; however, few studies have focused on superficial LMS. METHODS: We reviewed the clinicopathological features of 82 patients with a primary superficial LMS. The mean age and follow-up were 57 ± 15 and 7 ± 5 years. Depth was classified as dermal (based in the skin; n = 35, 43%) and subcutaneous (based below the dermis, above the fascia; n = 47, 57%) on the final resection specimen. Dermal cases were treated with negative margin resection, while subcutaneous tumors were evaluated by a multidisciplinary team for consideration of possible adjuvant therapy. RESULTS: The 10-year disease-specific survival (DSS) for superficial LMS was 90% with no difference (p = .18) in the 10-year DSS between patients with dermal (100%) and subcutaneous (86%) LMS. All disease recurrences occurred in subcutaneous LMS (17% vs. 0%, p = .02) and subcutaneous tumors had a worse10-year metastatic free survival (81% vs. 100%, p = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that dermal LMS can be managed with a negative margin resection alone. Although the prognosis for patients with subcutaneous LMS is quite favorable, there is some risk for local and distant recurrence, and such patients will benefit from multidisciplinary care.

13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5735-5738, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Surgical staging is paramount to treatment of primary bone sarcomas. Often, bone scintigraphy and/or positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) are used to exclude skeletal metastases; however, skeletal metastases in chondrosarcoma are rare. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of these staging methods in patients with chondrosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 138 (87 males, 51 female) patients, mean age 54±20 years, with a chondrosarcoma, who had completed a bone scintigraphy or PET/CT as part of surgical staging. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive/negative predictive value of the scans was calculated. RESULTS: Seventeen (12%) patients had a positive bone scintigraphy or PET-CT for skeletal metastases. In cases of bone scintigraphy (n=11), 6 were benign and 5 were skeletal metastases. In cases of PET-CT, 6 were skeletal metastases, 3 were positive and 3 benign. All positive cases regarded dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. The overall sensitivity and specificity of a bone scan or PET-CT was 100% and 93.1%; with a positive and negative predictive value of 47.1% and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Skeletal metastases at presentation of chondrosarcoma are rare and associated with dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. Bone scintigraphy or PET-CT should only be performed in cases of high grade and dedifferentiated histology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Condrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Cintilografia , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Condrossarcoma/patologia , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
JBJS Rev ; 8(9): e1900226, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960030
15.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 102(22): 1956-1965, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sacral tumor resections require a multidisciplinary approach to achieve a cure and a functional outcome. Currently, there is no accepted classification system that provides a means to communicate among the multidisciplinary teams in terms of approach, osseous resection, reconstruction, and acceptable functional outcome. The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of sacral tumor resection based on our classification system. METHODS: In this study, 196 patients (71 female and 125 male) undergoing an oncologic en bloc sacrectomy were reviewed. The mean age (and standard deviation) was 49 ± 16 years, and the mean body mass index was 27.2 ± 6.4 kg/m. The resections included 130 sarcomas (66%). The mean follow-up was 7 ± 5 years. RESULTS: Resections included total sacrectomy (Type 1A: 20 patients [10%]) requiring reconstruction, subtotal sacrectomy (Type 1B: 5 patients [3%]) requiring reconstruction, subtotal sacrectomy (Type 1C: 104 patients [53%]) not requiring reconstruction, hemisacrectomy (Type 2: 29 patients [15%]), external hemipelvectomy and hemisacrectomy (Type 3: 32 patients [16%]), total sacrectomy and external hemipelvectomy (Type 4: 5 patients [3%]), and hemicorporectomy (Type 5: 1 patient [1%]). The disease-specific survival was 66% at 5 years and 52% at 10 years. Based on the classification, the 5-year disease-specific survival was 34% for Type 1A, 100% for Type 1B, 71% for Type 1C, 65% for Type 2, 57% for Type 3, 100% for Type 4, and 100% for Type 5 (p < 0.001). Tumor recurrence occurred in 67 patients, including isolated local recurrence (14 patients), isolated metastatic disease (31 patients), and combined local and metastatic disease (22 patients). At 5 years, the local recurrence-free survival was 77% and the metastasis-free survival was 68%. Complications occurred in 153 patients (78%), most commonly wound complications (95 patients [48%]). Following the procedure, 154 patients (79%) were ambulatory, and the mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS93) score was 60% ± 23%. CONCLUSIONS: Although resections of sacral malignancies are associated with complications, they can be curative in a majority of patients, with a majority of patients ambulatory with an acceptable functional outcome considering the extent of the resection. At our institution, this classification allows for communication between surgical teams and implies a surgical approach, staging, reconstruction, and potential functional outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

16.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 73(11): 1989-1994, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917570

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nonunion is a known complication following fracture in the setting of radiotherapy. Free vascularized fibular (FVF) flaps have been used successfully in the treatment of segmental bone defects; however, their efficacy in the treatment of radiated nonunions is limited. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome following FVFG for radiation-associated femoral fracture nonunions. METHODS: 23 (11 male and 12 female; mean age 60 ±â€¯12 years) patients underwent FVF for radiation-associated femoral fracture nonunions. The most common indication for radiotherapy was soft tissue sarcomas (n = 16). The mean follow-up was 5 ±â€¯4 years. Mean radiation dose was 51 ±â€¯14 Gy at a mean of 11 ±â€¯3 years prior to FVF. The mean FVF length was 17 ±â€¯4 cm and placed commonly with an intramedullary nail (n = 18). RESULTS: First time union was 52% (n = 12) following additional bone grafting, the overall union was 78% (n = 18) at a mean of 13 ±â€¯6 months. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scores improved from 30% preoperatively to 73% at latest follow-up (p < 0.0001). Five fractures failed to unite; 3 were converted to proximal femoral replacements. CONCLUSIONS: FVF are a reasonable treatment option for radiation-associated femoral fracture nonunions, providing a union rate of 78% and an improvement in functional outcome. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV.

17.
In Vivo ; 34(5): 2517-2520, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Chordomas often affect the sacrum with a high predilection for local-regional recurrence. Patients typically retain their ability to ambulate, and the development of metastatic disease in the periacetabular region can have significant morbidity and pain with ambulation. The purpose of the study was to describe the outcome of patients undergoing a hip arthroplasty following resection of a sacral chordoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1990 to 2015, 84 patients underwent sacrectomy for chordoma, while four of these (5%) patients underwent hip arthroplasty. The most common level of nerve root sacrifice was S2-5 (n=2). The mean time between sacrectomy and hip arthroplasty was 7 years. Indications for arthroplasty included metastatic disease (n=3) and coxarthrosis (n=1). RESULTS: Postoperatively two patients ambulated with a gait aid, and no patient had a Trendelenburg gait. The mean Harris Hip Score significantly improved from 49 to 80 postoperatively (p=0.02). CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that hip arthroplasty is a durable treatment option for patients with metastatic disease or coxarthrosis following subtotal sacrectomy for chordoma.

18.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (ESMC) is a rare type of soft-tissue sarcoma with limited series reporting outcome of treatment. Currently there is limited data on the incidence and impact on patient outcome in those with metastatic disease to lymph nodes in ESMC. METHODS: Thirty (21 males, 9 females) patients, mean age 50 ± 16 years, with ESMC were reviewed. The tumors were most commonly located in the lower extremity (n = 23, 77%) and the mean tumor size and volume were 9 ± 5 cm and 490 ± 833 cm3 . Mean follow up was 7 ± 4 years. RESULTS: Six (20%) patients either presented (n = 3, 10%) or developed (n = 3, 10%) lymph node metastatic disease. When comparing patients without, with lymph node metastasis and metastasis elsewhere, patients with lymph nodes metastasis had worse survival than those without metastasis, however better 10-year disease specific survival than those with metastasis elsewhere (100% vs 62% vs 0%; P < .001). CONCLUSION: There is a high incidence of lymph node metastatic disease in patients with ESMC. Although survival in these patients is worse compared to those without metastasis, their survival is better than those with metastasis elsewhere. Due to the high incidence of lymph node metastatic disease, preoperative staging of the lymph node should be considered.

19.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(7): 1356-1363, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment for bone sarcomas are large undertakings. Emergency department (ED) visits and unplanned hospital readmissions are a potential target for cost containment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for ED visits and unplanned readmissions following extremity bone sarcoma surgery. METHODS: Data from Optum Labs Data Warehouse, a national administrative claims database, was analyzed to identify patients with extremity bone sarcomas from 2006 to 2017. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with ED visits and readmissions. RESULTS: Of 1390 (743 males, 647 female) adult patients, 137 (12%) visited the ED and 245 (18%) were readmitted within 30 days of discharge. The most common indication for ED visits (n = 63, 45.9%) and readmission (n = 119, 48.5%) were complications of surgery. Length of stay >10 days was associated with ED utilization (OR, 1.83; P = .01) and readmission (OR, 4.47; P < .001). CONCLUSION: One in ten patients will use the ED, and one in five patients will be readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of discharge following extremity bone sarcoma surgery. Length of stay was associated with ED visits and readmission. These patients could be targeted with alternative management strategies in the outpatient setting with early clinical follow-up to minimize readmission.

20.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 40(9): e833-e838, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limb salvage of the proximal tibia can be difficult due to the growth potential of and functional demands of the pediatric patients. Multiple reconstruction techniques exist, however, the ideal form of reconstruction is yet to be elucidated. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate outcomes in patients with an intercalary resection of the proximal tibia reconstructed with an allograft with or without a free vascularized fibula flap (FVF). METHODS: Seventeen pediatric patients (9 males, 8 females) underwent lower extremity limb salvage with the use of intercalary cadaveric allograft at a mean age of 12±4 years. The most common diagnoses were osteosarcoma (n=6) and Ewing sarcoma (n=6). Patients were reconstructed with an allograft alone (n=6) or supplemented with an FVF (n=11). RESULTS: All surviving patients had at least 2 years of clinical follow-up, with the mean follow-up of 12±7 years. The mean time to union of the allograft was 11±4 months, with 6 patients requiring additional bone grafting. There was no difference in the need for an additional bone graft (odds ratio=1.14, P=1.0) between patients with an FVF and those without. Four patients underwent an amputation, all with an allograft alone, due to disease recurrence (n=2) and due to infection (n=2). As such, there was a higher 10-year overall limb-salvage rate when the allograft was combined with an FVF compared with an allograft alone (100% vs. 33%, P=0.001). At last follow-up, the mean Mankin and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society rating was 86%, with a higher mean score in patients reconstructed with an FVF (94% vs. 70%, P=0.002). CONCLUSION: Use of an intercalary allograft supplemented with an FVF to reconstruct the proximal tibia provides a durable means of reconstruction with an excellent functional outcome following oncologic proximal tibia resection in a pediatric population. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III-therapeutic level.

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