Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 100
Filtrar
2.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408338

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to provide high-level care for a large number of patients with COVID-19 has affected resourcing for, and limited the routine care of, all other conditions. The impact of this health emergency is particularly relevant in the rare connective tissue diseases (rCTDs) communities, as discussed in this Perspective article by the multi-stakeholder European Reference Network on Rare and Complex Connective Tissue and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ERN ReCONNET). The clinical, organizational and health economic challenges faced by health-care providers, institutions, patients and their families during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak have demonstrated the importance of ensuring continuity of care in the management of rCTDs, including adequate diagnostics and monitoring protocols, and highlighted the need for a structured emergency strategy. The vulnerability of patients with rCTDs needs to be taken into account when planning future health policies, in preparation for not only the post-COVID era, but also any possible new health emergencies.

4.
RMD Open ; 6(2): 0, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868449

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The European Reference Network (ERN) ReCONNET is the ERN aimed at improving the management of rare and complex connective tissue and musculoskeletal diseases (rCTDs) across the European Union (EU). In the mission of ERN ReCONNET, clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) play a crucial role, representing a valid tool towards the harmonisation of the management of rCTDs while improving effectiveness and quality of care delivered to patients. METHODS: ERN ReCONNET developed two surveys to map the adherence to rCTDs CPGs among healthcare providers and to assess the knowledge and awareness of CPGs for their diseases among patients, family members and caregivers. RESULTS: The results of the surveys highlighted that healthcare professionals find it useful to apply CPGs in clinical practice (93%), while 62% of them experience difficulties and barriers in the application in their centres. Healthcare professionals also highlighted the need to develop CPGs for all rCTDs and to implement the use of the existing CPGs in clinical practice. On the other hand, patients, families and caregivers are relatively aware of the purpose of CPGs (51%) and 62% of them were aware of the existence of CPGs for their disease. Patient-friendly versions of CPGs and patients' lifestyle guidelines should be systematically developed contributing to the empowerment of patients in the disease management. CONCLUSION: ERN ReCONNET is addressing the main issues identified in the results of the survey, promoting practical actions for the local adaptation of CPGs across Europe, improving their routine clinical use and increasing the awareness on CPGs among rCTDs patients, family members and caregivers.

5.
N Engl J Med ; 383(12): 1117-1128, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In adults with active lupus nephritis, the efficacy and safety of intravenous belimumab as compared with placebo, when added to standard therapy (mycophenolate mofetil or cyclophosphamide-azathioprine), are unknown. METHODS: In a phase 3, multinational, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 104-week trial conducted at 107 sites in 21 countries, we assigned adults with biopsy-proven, active lupus nephritis in a 1:1 ratio to receive intravenous belimumab (at a dose of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight) or matching placebo, in addition to standard therapy. The primary end point at week 104 was a primary efficacy renal response (a ratio of urinary protein to creatinine of ≤0.7, an estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] that was no worse than 20% below the value before the renal flare (pre-flare value) or ≥60 ml per minute per 1.73 m2 of body-surface area, and no use of rescue therapy), and the major secondary end point was a complete renal response (a ratio of urinary protein to creatinine of <0.5, an eGFR that was no worse than 10% below the pre-flare value or ≥90 ml per minute per 1.73 m2, and no use of rescue therapy). The time to a renal-related event or death was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 448 patients underwent randomization (224 to the belimumab group and 224 to the placebo group). At week 104, significantly more patients in the belimumab group than in the placebo group had a primary efficacy renal response (43% vs. 32%; odds ratio, 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 2.3; P = 0.03) and a complete renal response (30% vs. 20%; odds ratio, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.7; P = 0.02). The risk of a renal-related event or death was lower among patients who received belimumab than among those who received placebo (hazard ratio, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.34 to 0.77; P = 0.001). The safety profile of belimumab was consistent with that in previous trials. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial involving patients with active lupus nephritis, more patients who received belimumab plus standard therapy had a primary efficacy renal response than those who received standard therapy alone. (Funded by GlaxoSmithKline; BLISS-LN ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01639339.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Creatinina/urina , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Nefrite Lúpica/mortalidade , Masculino , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão
7.
Eur J Case Rep Intern Med ; 7(8): 001570, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789123

RESUMO

While functional decline is a common syndrome in geriatric medicine, the diagnosis of the underlying disease can be complex. We present a case of very late-onset systemic lupus erythematosus with fever, arthritis, lymphadenopathy, sicca syndrome, pleurisy, renal impairment and reversible functional and cognitive impairments. Prompt improvement was observed on prednisolone and hydroxychloroquine. LEARNING POINTS: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) rarely occurs in octogenarian patients.In such oldest old patients, SLE may predominantly present with subacute cognitive and functional impairments.Low-dose treatment (prednisolone 7.5 mg/day and hydroxychloroquine 5 mg/kg/day) can reverse all SLE manifestations within 1 month.

8.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 76(5): 624-635, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668319

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is characterized by the deposition of immune complexes along glomerular basement membranes. M-Type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R), thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A), exostosin 1 and 2 (EXT1/2), and neural epidermal growth factor-like 1 protein (NELL-1) have been identified as established or potential podocyte antigens in MN. We investigated the association of podocyte antigen staining with MN clinical phenotype and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 177 consecutive patients with MN unrelated to lupus erythematosus, identified after screening of 3,875 native kidney biopsies performed in the Belgian UCLouvain Kidney Disease Network from 2000 through 2018. PREDICTOR: Positive immunostaining for podocyte antigens on archived kidney biopsy samples. OUTCOMES: Association with different phenotypes (baseline characteristics of patients and pathologic findings on kidney biopsy), time to cancer and to kidney failure. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression analyses to assess time to cancer and kidney failure. RESULTS: 177 patients were followed up for a median of 4.0 (IQR, 1.3-8.0) years. Diagnosis of PLA2R-positive (PLA2R+), THSD7A+, and double-negative (PLA2R-/THSD7A-) MN was made in 117 (66.1%), 6 (3.4%), and 54 (30.5%) patients, respectively. Progression to kidney failure was similar in all groups. Although the number of patients with THSD7A+MN was small, they showed a higher incidence (50%) and increased risk for developing cancer during follow-up (adjusted HR, 5.0 [95% CI, 1.4-17.9]; P=0.01). 8% and 5% of patients with double-negative MN stained positively for EXT1/2 and NELL-1, respectively. Most patients with EXT1/2+MN were women, had features of systemic autoimmunity, and showed glomerular C1q deposits. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design; small number of patients in the THSD7A group; lack of evaluation of immunoglobulin G subclasses deposition. CONCLUSIONS: Our real-world data describe the relative prevalence of subgroups of MN and support the hypothesis that a novel classification of MN based on podocyte antigen staining may be clinically relevant.

9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 125(3): 53-58, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the ability of the Disease Activity Score (DAS) and the Revised EUSTAR Activity Index (RAI) to detect diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) patients requiring treatment intensification in a Belgian cohort. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the widely used DAS and the recently developed RAI in a longitudinal cohort (median follow-up of 42 months) of 62 dcSSc patients, of whom 30 with a disease duration ≤3 years at inclusion. Active disease was defined by a DAS ≥3/10 or a RAI ≥2.5/10. We chose a pragmatic definition to assess disease progression, namely any start or increase of glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, anti-endothelin receptors or prostanoids. Sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values (NPV and PPV) of DAS and RAI for prediction of actual treatment changes were compared by ROC curves. RESULTS: According to RAI, 48% (of all dcSSc patients) and 55% (of ≤3 years dcSSc patients) were categorised as effectively active during follow-up while 34% and 43% according to DAS, respectively. The PPV and the NPV to detect disease progression, in ≤3 years dcSSc patients, were 59% and 89% for RAI vs 73% and 87% for DAS, respectively. The area under ROC curves were high for both scores (0.85 for RAI and 0.87 for DAS). CONCLUSIONS: Both scores are proven as predictive to detect disease activity, with a slightly better sensitivity for RAI. By contrast, RAI lacks specificity in predicting a real need for treatment intensification, thereby possibly leading to overtreatment.


Assuntos
Esclerodermia Difusa , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Bélgica , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
10.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(11): 3424-3434, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with LN, clinical and histological responses to treatment have been shown to be discordant. We investigated whether per-protocol repeat kidney biopsies are predictive of LN relapses and long-term renal function impairment. METHODS: Forty-two patients with incident biopsy-proven active proliferative (class III/IV±V) LN from the database of the UCLouvain were included in this retrospective study. Per-protocol repeat biopsies were performed after a median [interquartile range (IQR)] time of 24.3 (21.3-26.2) months. The National Institutes of Health activity index (AI) and chronicity index (CI) scores were assessed in all biopsies. RESULTS: Despite a moderate correlation between urinary protein/creatinine ratios (UPCR) and AI scores at repeat biopsy (r = 0.48; P = 0.001), 10 patients (23.8%) with UPCR < 1.0 g/g still had a high degree of histological activity (AI > 3). High AI scores (continuous) in repeat biopsies were associated with an increased probability and/or shorter time to renal relapse (n = 11) following the repeat biopsy [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.3; P = 0.007], independently of proteinuria levels. High CI scores (continuous) in repeat biopsies were associated with a sustained increase in serum creatinine levels corresponding to ≥120% of the baseline value (HR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.9; P = 0.016) through a median (IQR) follow-up time of 131.5 (73.8-178.2) months, being also the case for acute tubulointerstitial inflammation and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy in repeat but not baseline biopsies. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the usefulness of per-protocol repeat biopsies, herein performed after a median time of 24 months from baseline, as an integral part of the treatment evaluation, also in patients showing adequate clinical response.

11.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 107, 2020 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis and aetiology of systemic sclerosis (SSc) are currently unclear, thus rendering disease prognosis, diagnosis and treatment challenging. The aim of this study was to use paired skin biopsy samples from affected and unaffected areas of the same patient, in order to compare the proteomes and identify biomarkers and pathways which are associated with SSc pathogenesis. METHODS: Biopsies were obtained from affected and unaffected skin areas of SSc patients. Samples were cryo-pulverised and proteins were extracted and analysed using mass spectrometry (MS) discovery analysis. Differentially expressed proteins were revealed after analysis with the Progenesis QIp software. Pathway analysis was performed using the Enrichr Web server. Using specific criteria, fifteen proteins were selected for further validation with targeted-MS analysis. RESULTS: Proteomic analysis led to the identification and quantification of approximately 2000 non-redundant proteins. Statistical analysis showed that 169 of these proteins were significantly differentially expressed in affected versus unaffected tissues. Pathway analyses showed that these proteins are involved in multiple pathways that are associated with autoimmune diseases (AIDs) and fibrosis. Fifteen of these proteins were further investigated using targeted-MS approaches, and five of them were confirmed to be significantly differentially expressed in SSc affected versus unaffected skin biopsies. CONCLUSION: Using MS-based proteomics analysis of human skin biopsies from patients with SSc, we identified a number of proteins and pathways that might be involved in SSc progression and pathogenesis. Fifteen of these proteins were further validated, and results suggest that five of them may serve as potential biomarkers for SSc.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 96, 2020 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Studies have demonstrated that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who achieve low disease activity or remission are able to taper biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion of patients in whom bDMARDs can be tapered in daily practice and to analyse the characteristics of these patients. Other objectives were to analyse which bDMARDs are more suitable for dose reduction and the cost savings. RESULTS: Data from 332 eligible RA patients from our Brussels UCLouvain cohort were retrospectively analysed; 140 patients (42.1%) received a tapered regimen, and 192 received stable doses of bDMARDs. The age at diagnosis (43.1 vs 38.7 years, p = 0.04), health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) score (1.3 vs 1.5, p = 0.048), RF positivity rate (83.3 vs 72.9%, p = 0.04) and disease duration at the time of bDMARD introduction (9.7 vs 12.1 years, p = 0.034) were significantly different between the reduced-dose and stable-dose groups. Interestingly, relatively more patients receiving a tapered dose were treated with a combination of bDMARDs and methotrexate (MTX) (86.7% vs 73.8%, p = 0.005). In our cohort, anti-TNF agents were the most commonly prescribed medications (68%). Only 15 patients experienced a flare during follow-up. Adalimumab, etanercept and rituximab were the most common bDMARDs in the reduced-dose group and were associated with the most important reductions in annual cost. CONCLUSION: In daily practice, tapering bDMARDs in RA patients who have achieved low disease activity or remission is an achievable goal in a large proportion of patients, thereby reducing potential side effects and annual drug-associated costs. The combination of bDMARDs with MTX could improve the success of dose reduction attempts. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This retrospective non-interventional study was retrospectively registered with local ethics approval.

13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 713-723, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2012 EULAR/ERA-EDTA recommendations for the management of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Following the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was performed. Members of a multidisciplinary Task Force voted independently on their level of agreeement with the formed statements. RESULTS: The changes include recommendations for treatment targets, use of glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). The target of therapy is complete response (proteinuria <0.5-0.7 g/24 hours with (near-)normal glomerular filtration rate) by 12 months, but this can be extended in patients with baseline nephrotic-range proteinuria. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended with regular ophthalmological monitoring. In active proliferative LN, initial (induction) treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF 2-3 g/day or mycophenolic acid (MPA) at equivalent dose) or low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY; 500 mg × 6 biweekly doses), both combined with glucocorticoids (pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone, then oral prednisone 0.3-0.5 mg/kg/day) is recommended. MMF/CNI (especially tacrolimus) combination and high-dose CY are alternatives, for patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria and adverse prognostic factors. Subsequent long-term maintenance treatment with MMF or azathioprine should follow, with no or low-dose (<7.5 mg/day) glucocorticoids. The choice of agent depends on the initial regimen and plans for pregnancy. In non-responding disease, switch of induction regimens or rituximab are recommended. In pure membranous LN with nephrotic-range proteinuria or proteinuria >1 g/24 hours despite renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade, MMF in combination with glucocorticoids is preferred. Assessment for kidney and extra-renal disease activity, and management of comorbidities is lifelong with repeat kidney biopsy in cases of incomplete response or nephritic flares. In ESKD, transplantation is the preferred kidney replacement option with immunosuppression guided by transplant protocols and/or extra-renal manifestations. Treatment of LN in children follows the same principles as adult disease. CONCLUSIONS: We have updated the EULAR recommendations for the management of LN to facilitate homogenization of patient care.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Médicas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Proteinúria/terapia
14.
Lupus Sci Med ; 7(1): e000389, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153796

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is a severe manifestation of SLE, characterised by subendothelial and/or subepithelial immune complex depositions in the afflicted kidney, resulting in extensive injury and nephron loss during the acute phase and eventually chronic irreversible damage and renal function impairment if not treated effectively. The therapeutic management of LN has improved during the last decades, but the imperative need for consensual outcome measures remains. In order to design trials with success potentiality, it is important to define clinically important short-term and long-term targets of therapeutic and non-therapeutic intervention. While it is known that early response to treatment is coupled with favourable renal outcomes, early predictors of renal function impairment are lacking. The information gleaned from kidney biopsies may provide important insights in this direction. Alas, baseline clinical and histopathological information has not been shown to be informative. By contrast, accumulating evidence of pronounced discrepancies between clinical and histopathological outcomes after the initial phase of immunosuppression has prompted investigations of the potential usefulness of per-protocol repeat kidney biopsies as an integral part of treatment evaluation, including patients showing adequate clinical response. This approach appears to have merit. Hopefully, clinical, molecular or genetic markers that reliably reflect kidney histopathology and portend the long-term prognosis will be identified. Novel non-invasive imaging methods and employment of the evolving artificial intelligence in pattern recognition may also be helpful towards these goals. The molecular and cellular characterisation of SLE and LN will hopefully result in novel therapeutic modalities, maybe new taxonomy perspectives, and ultimately personalised management.

16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(5): 881-890, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: TLR3 mediates skin solar injury by binding nuclear material released from apoptotic keratinocytes, resulting in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Because the TLR3 gene is located in 4q35, a known systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility locus, we wondered whether TLR3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with inflammatory mechanisms relevant to the development of SLE, and disease susceptibility. METHODS: Functional assays were carried out in TLR3-transfected HEK293 cells and in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs). TLR3 and IFNß immunofluorescence studies were performed in skin samples from 7 SLE patients and 3 controls. We performed a SNP association study in a discovery cohort of 153 patients and 105 controls, followed by a confirmation study in an independent cohort of 1,380 patients and 2,104 controls. RESULTS: TLR3 and IFNß are overexpressed in SLE skin lesions. TLR3 overexpression in HEK293 cells amplifies their sensitivity to a pro-apoptotic stimulus. Taking advantage of a naturally occurring polymorphic TLR3 variant (rs3775291) that weakly versus strongly responds to poly I:C stimulation, we found that TLR3 is associated with amplified apoptotic responses, production of the Ro/SSA autoantigen and increased maturation of myeloid-derived dendritic cells (moDC) after exposure to UV irradiation. However, TLR3 SNPs are not associated with susceptibility to SLE in a large population of patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: TLR3 is overexpressed in SLE skin lesions and amplifies apoptotic and inflammatory responses to UV-irradiation in antigen-presenting cells in vitro. However, TLR3 SNPs do not impact susceptibility to the development of the disease.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Receptor 3 Toll-Like , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos , Apoptose , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/genética
17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(3): 668-677, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type I IFNs play a well-known role in the pathogenesis of SLE, through activation of CD4 T and antigen-presenting cells. Here, we investigated the effects of IFN alpha (IFNα) on SLE B cell activation and differentiation. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and purified total or naïve B cells were obtained from healthy controls and SLE patients. The effects of IFNα on B cell differentiation were studied by flow cytometry. The role of STAT3 in B cell responses to IFNα was studied using pharmacological inhibitors and PBMCs from STAT3-deficient individuals. RESULTS: Incubation of normal PBMCs with IFNα induces a B cell differentiation pattern as observed spontaneously in SLE PBMCs. IFNα displays direct stimulatory effects on purified naïve B cells from healthy individuals, as evidenced by a significant induction of cell surface CD38 and CD95 in the presence of the cytokine. In purified naïve B cells, IFNα also induces STAT3 phosphorylation. IFNα-induced naïve B cell differentiation in total PBMCs is significantly inhibited in the presence of STAT3 inhibitors, or in PBMCs from individuals with STAT3 loss of function mutations. Spontaneous levels of STAT3, but not STAT1, phosphorylation are significantly higher in total B cells from SLE patients compared with controls. Pharmacological STAT3 inhibition in SLE PBMCs inhibits naïve B cell activation and differentiation. CONCLUSION: IFNα displays direct stimulatory effects on B cell differentiation and activation in SLE. STAT3 phosphorylation mediates the effects of IFNα stimulation in naïve B cells, an observation that opens new therapeutic perspectives in SLE.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferon-alfa/farmacologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(3): 347-355, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the immunotherapeutic vaccine interferon-α kinoid (IFN-K) in a 36-week (W) phase IIb, randomised, double-blind, placebo (PBO)-controlled trial in adults with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) despite standard of care. METHODS: Patients with SLE (185) with moderate to severe disease activity and positive interferon (IFN) gene signature were randomised to receive IFN-K or PBO intramuscular injections (days 0, 7 and 28 and W12 and W24). Coprimary endpoints at W36 were neutralisation of IFN gene signature and the BILAG-Based Composite Lupus Assessment (BICLA) modified by mandatory corticosteroid (CS) tapering. RESULTS: IFN-K induced neutralising anti-IFN-α2b serum antibodies in 91% of treated patients and reduced the IFN gene signature (p<0.0001). Modified BICLA responses at W36 did not statistically differ between IFN-K (41%) and PBO (34%). Trends on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Responder Index-4, including steroid tapering at W36, favoured the IFN-K and became significant (p<0.05) in analyses restricted to patients who developed neutralising anti-IFN-α2b antibodies. Attainment of lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS) at W36 discriminated the two groups in favour of IFN-K (53% vs 30%, p=0.0022). A significant CS sparing effect of IFN-K was observed from W28 onwards, with a 24% prednisone daily dose reduction at W36 in IFN-K compared with PBO (p=0.0097). The safety profile of IFN-K was acceptable. CONCLUSIONS: IFN-K induced neutralising anti-IFN-α2b antibodies and significantly reduced the IFN gene signature with an acceptable safety profile. Although the clinical coprimary endpoint was not met, relevant secondary endpoints were achieved in the IFN-K group, including attainment of LLDAS and steroid tapering. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02665364.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Interferon-alfa/administração & dosagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Acta Radiol Open ; 8(3): 2058460119834691, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944730

RESUMO

The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of an "established" bone marrow infarct is well-known, consisting of an area of preserved bone marrow signal surrounded by a serpiginous line. We report the uncommon observation of the very early phases of appearance of a bone marrow infarct, showing its progressive de novo appearance on MR images paralleling clinical symptoms and high-dose systemic steroid administration in a young female patient, presenting with acute knee pain. The initial knee MR examination performed one week after pain onset showed no abnormality. One week later, a second examination showed subtle ill-defined dotted signal abnormalities of the bone marrow of uncertain significance, of high signal on PDFS sequences. A third MR study obtained again one week later showed more evident findings with confluence of the high signal "dots" into a serpiginous line with a geographical appearance of the lesion, corresponding to the typical MRI presentation of bone marrow infarcts. Follow-up MRI at seven weeks showed definitive stability of this bone marrow infarct. A whole-body MRI performed for whole skeleton screening revealed multiple bone marrow infarcts typical for systemic avascular necrosis. This case represents a novel observation of the "birth" of a bone marrow infarct, from early intriguing changes to its typical ring-shaped appearance on MR images. It also reminds of the key role of MRI for early diagnosis of bone marrow infarcts and illustrates the emerging role of whole-body MRI for the detection of multifocal, asymptomatic skeletal involvement by ischemic lesions in systemic osteonecrosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA